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VICTORIA  UNIVERSITY    LIBRARY 


This  book  is  purchased  from 

The  Schofield  Fund 

given  in  memory  of 

William  Henry  Schofield 

Victoria  College,  B.A.  1889 

Harvard  University,  Ph.  D.  1895 

Professor  of  Comparative  Literature 

Harvard  University,  1906-20. 

Harvard  Exchange  P  rofessor  at 

University  of  Berlin,  1907 

Lecturer  at  the  Sorbonne  and 

University  of  Copenhagen,  1910. 

Harvard  Exchange  Professor  at 

Western  Colleges,  1918. 


OXFORD  :    HORACE  HART 
PRINTER   TO   THE   UNIVERSITY 


j&eries 
142 


(Btoglfok 


<80d»terc 

WRITTEN   ABOUT   1450. 


EDITED,  WITH  AN  INTRODUCTION, 


ANDEEW  CLARK, 

M.A.,  LINCOLN   COLLEGE,  OXFORD;  M.A.   AND  LL.D.    ST.   ANDREWS 
HON.   FELLOW   OF  LINCOLN   COLLEGE. 


• 


LONDON : 

PUBLISHED  FOR  THE  EAKLY   ENGLISH   TEXT  SOCIETY 
BY  KEGAN  PAUL,  TRENCH,  TRUBNER  &  CO.,  LTD., 

BROADWAY    HOUSE,    LUDGATE    HILL,  E.G. 

AND  BY  HENRY  FROWDE,  OXFORD  UNIVERSITY  PRESS, 

AMEN    CORNER,     B.C. 


1911 


PR 

\H3 

An 

no.  \E3  etc. 


U010 


CONTENTS 


PAGE 
FOREWORDS      .  .  .  »  ...  .  ix 

VISITATION  OF  GODSTOW,  1432  .  -^  »  '  .  .  Ixxxi 
GRAMMAR  NOTES  .  .  .  . ••.-.." ".-!'.  .  .  .  xciv 
ANALYSIS  OF  FIELD  NAMES  .  '  .  ".  \  .  .  cxxxiv 


DIRECTION   TO   THE   BINDER 

The  Provisional  Sheets  of  Part  I  (1905),  pp.  i-xii,  and  of  Part  II 
(1906),  pp.  i-viii,  if  it  is  desired  to  preserve  them,  may  be  bound 
in  at  the  very  end  of  the  volume,  after  Index  II. 


—  D 


Ickford 


74 

Little  Missenden 78 

Oakley .82 

Turweston 83 

Westbury          .         .         .                ;.         .  84 

Wycombe.         .'                 .              '*.'**...     •  ^5 

DORSETSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Maiden  Newton     .         .        .  122 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Bourton-on-the-Hill        .  128 

Cherrington  and  Charlton          .         .         .  129 

Daglingworth    .         .         .         .         .         .  130 

Duntisborne       .         .         .         .         .         .  134 

Frampton-on- Severn 135 

Gloucester         ...                  .         .  138 

Meysey  Hampton      ...                  .  150 

Pauntley I52 

Little  Rissington 153 


PR 


A  2. 

no,  \E3  e.tc. 


CONTENTS 

PAGE 

FOREWORDS      .            .            .            .            .            .            ...            .  ix 

VISITATION  OF  GODSTOW,  1432        .        ,         .         .         .  Ixxxi 

GRAMMAR  NOTES    .         .       <.        .      '  .        .        .         .  xciv 

ANALYSIS  OP  FIELD  NAMES    .         .     '  .       \        .         .  cxxxiv 

PREFIXED  LITURGICAL  PIECES     *   .        .       ' .        .        .  i 

Articles  of  Excommunication    .         .         .         .         .  i 

The  A.B.C.  of  Devotion  .         .      .  .        ,         .         .  4 

Metrical  Versions  of  Church  Offices  .         .         .         .  5 

Metrical  Church  Kalendar     ......         .         .  13 

PROLOGUE,  FOUNDATION,  SECOND  FOUNDATION        .        .  25 

RECORD  OF  ESTATES  BY  COUNTIES  AND  PARISHES     .        .  33 

BERKSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Blewberry       y        .         .         .  33 

Cumnor    .                  .         .         .         .         .  34 

Duxford   ...         .         ....         .  34 

Knighton       .  .         T       .        i .         .         .  38 

North  Moreton .         .         .         .         .         .  40 

Seacourt  .      ' 42 

Wytham 44 

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Dinton .         .         .         .  63 

Ford                 i                                    .         .  67 

Hughendon       .         ...         .         .         .  73 

Ickford     ...         .         ...  74 

Little  Missenden       .         .         .         .         .  "78 

Oakley     .         .         .        .  V     •        ^        .  82 

Turweston         .         .      \  .  ;  ;.';  ,      .         .  83 

Westbury          .                                ...  84 

Wycombe.         .'                                 ..         .  85 

DORSETSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Maiden  Newton     .         .        .  122 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Bourton-on-the-Hill        .  128 

Cherrington  and  Charlton          .         .         .  129 

Daglingworth    .         .    •     .         .         .  130 

Duntisborne 134 

Frampton-on- Severn.                                   .  135 

Gloucester         ...                  .  138 

Meysey  Hampton      .         .         .         .  150 

Pauntley 152 

Little  Kissington      .         .         .         .         .  153 


vi  Contents 

PAGE 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Tormarton        .         .         .  158 

Wiche .         .         .  160 

HAMPSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Empshott 162 

Farringdon  .         .         .         .         .         .         .165 

King's  Clere 168 

Knowle 177 

Winchester .         .         .         .         .         .         .  180 

Woolverton .         .         .         .         .         .         .180 

LINCOLNSHIRE  DEEDS  :  System    .         .                 .         .  183 

MIDDLESEX  DEEDS  :  London       ....        .  185 

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Bozeat    .         .         .         .188 

Brackley       ....         .         .         .         .  195 

Evenley        ;'^i     .      •  ;         .         .         .         .  200 

Halso  ...         .         .         .         .  •      .  202 

OXFORDSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Asthalleigh      .         .         .         .  209 

Banbury       .         .         .         .         .         .         .  212 

Begbroke      .......  213 

Bletchingdon         .         .          .         .         .          .214 

Bloxham        .......  226 

Bould  .         .         .         .         .         .         .         .  237 

Burleigh       .         .         .         ...         .  239 

Cassington    .         .         .  •      .         .         .         .  240 

Cowley                            i                                     .  319 

Cutslow        .......  321 

Easington     .                  321 

Fawler          .         .         .         .         .         .         .  326 

Fencot          ...         .         .         .         .  327 

Garsington  .......  334 

Hampton  Gay       ......  338 

Over  Kiddington  .         .         .         .         .         .  340 

Langford 341 

Ledwell 349 

Milcomb        .......  350 

Milton 359 

Minster  Lovel       ......  362 

South  Newington           .....  362 

Oxford -364 

OXFORD  CITY  DEEDS  :  Controversy  with  Oseriey  .         .  365 

Exchanges  with  St.  Frideswyde's  .         .         .  371 

Miscellaneous  parishes  .         .         .         .         .  381 

All  Saints'  parish          .         .         .         .         .  402 

St.  Ebbe's  parish  ....                  .  414 

St.  Edward's  parish      .....  415 
St.  Frideswyde's  parish          .         .         .         .419 


Contents  vii 

PAGE 

UXFORD  CITY  DEEDS  :  St.  Giles'  parish        .  .     422 

Holy  well  or  Holy  Cross  parish  .  .  .471 
St.  John's  parish  ......  474 

St.  Mary's  parish 475 

St.  Mary  Magdalene  parish  ....  493 
St.  Michael's  at  North  Gate  parish  .  .  502 
St.  Michael's  at  South  Gate  parish  .  .512 
St.  Mildred's  parish  .  .  •  *  , '•  .518 
St.  Peter-le-Bailey  parish  .  .  .  .  526 
St.  Peter's  in  the  East  parish  .  .  .  531 
St.  Thomas  the  Martyr's  parish  .  .  .  531 

OXFORDSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Rollright          .         .         .         .  532 

Shillingford .         .         .         .         .         ,         .  534 

Shipton-under-Wychwood      ......         .         .  548 

Shotover      .         .         .         .      ;  .         .         .  549 

Great  Tew    .......  550 

Watlington  .......  569 

Wolvercote   .         .         .         .         .         .         .  570 

SOMERSETSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Lamyat          ....     582 

SUSSEX  DEEDS  :  Bodington 589 

WARWICKSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Barton-in-the-Heath      .         .     596 

WILTSHIRE  DEEDS  :  Broad  Blunsdon   .         .         .  .     599 

Chalworth    .          .         ...         .         .  .     606 

Cricklade      .         .         .         .  •                 .  .     607 

Eastrop        .......     613 

Highworth    .                   .                   .         .  .     625 

Sevenhampton       .         .         .         .         .  .627 

Ufcot  .         .                  .         .                  .  .628 

Watereaton  .         .         ......  .     629 

YORKSHIRE  DEEDS  :  York   .  .         .         .         .     639 

SUPPLEMENTARY  DEEDS  :  Piddle  Athelampston,  Dorset  640 

Baldon,  Oxfordshire      .....  640 

Broad  Enstone,  Oxfordshire  ....  640 

Combe  Mill 641 

Horseford,  Norfolk        .  .641 

Humesworth  or  Hinnesworth          .                   .  642 

Petham,  Kent       ......  642 

Vleberne  or  Uleberne    ...                  .  643 

GENERAL  CHARTERS  OF  BISHOPS,  SOVEREIGNS,  POPES  .         .  644 

ADDITIONAL  NOTES 684 

INDEX  I :  PERSONS,  PLACES,  MATTERS         ....  685 

INDEX  II :  WORDS  AND  PHRASES         .         .         .         .         .  697 


FOREWORDS 

Prefixed  pieces. 

THE  first  portion  of  the  MS.  is  occupied  with  Englishings, 
mostly  in  verse,  of  a  number  of  those  liturgical  pieces  which  are 
prefixed  to  most  redactions  of  the  Breviary.  These  suggest  that 
the  writer  had  proposed  to  himself  the  Englishing  of  the  whole 
breviary,  but  abandoned  his  task  in  order  to  give  the  nuns  of 
Godstow  an  English  key  to  their  cartulary. 

Commination  service. 

Of  the  first  piece,  most  unfortunately,  only  the  latter  half  is 
preserved,  two  leaves  at  the  beginning  of  the  MS.  having  been  cut 
out.  This  is  an  English  exposition,  in  many  sections,  of  offences 
which  involved  the  greater  excommunication.  To  each  section  is 
added,  in  much  abbreviated  Latin,  a  reference  to  some  authorita- 
tive treatise  in  Canon  Law,  as  a  justification  of  the  censure  con- 
tained in  it.  The  authorities  cited  are  the  Decretals  (1230),  the 
Clementines  (1308),  and  the  later  Extravagants  (cited  as  Extfra.), 
with  various  Constitutions,  e.g.  those  of  the  legate  Octobon  or 
Othobon  (1231)  and  of  Archbishop  John  de  Stratford  (1343).  The 
citation  is  always  by  the  first  word  of  the  particular  head  or 
chapter  referred  to.  Thus,  in  the  fragment,  the  references  to  the 
Clementines  contain  the  citations: — Religiosi,  i.e.  lib.  v,  tit.  vii, 
cap.  i;  Cupientes  inde,  lib.  v,  tit.  viii,  cap.  iii;  and  Gravis,  lib.  v, 
tit.  x,  cap.  ii.  The  citation  from  the  Constitution  of  Stratford, 
Accidit  [novitate  perversa],  is  found  in  the  Provinciale  lib.  iii, 
tit.  xxviii.  The  tractate  closes  with  the  formula  by  which  excom- 
munication was  pronounced  on  all  persons  guilty  of  the  offences 
specified,  and  on  all  who  gave  such  offenders  countenance  or 
support. 

In  the  pre-Reformation  church  a  Commination  service  of  this 
kind  was  publicly  read  four  times  in  the  year.  Full  information 
on  the  subject  will  be  found  in  Canon  Christopher  Wordsworth's 

b 


Commination  service 

admirable  Salisbury  Ceremonies  and  Processions  (Cambridge,  1901). 
Many  redactions  of  the  service  are  found  in  MSS.  and  have  been 
printed  in  liturgical  treatises.  Thus,  one  is  found  in  E.  Peacock's 
Myre's  Instructions  to  Parish  Priests  (E.E.T.S.,  1902  revision), 
pp.  60-7.  In  Canon  Wordsworth's  book,  just  cited,  two  copies 
are  printed,  a  shorter  English  one  at  pp.  44-6  and  a  much  longer 
Latin  one  at  pp.  242-55.  In  contents  and  style  the  fragment  here 
printed  has  a  general  resemblance  to  both  of  these,  but  it  is 
possessed  of  greater  dignity  of  tone,  in  virtue  of  laying  less  stress 
on  merely  pecuniary  offences  in  respect  of  tithes  and  offerings.  Its 
concluding  formula  also  has  a  clause,  vividly  descriptive  of  the 
ceremony  of  dashing  out  the  light  of  the  candle,  which  is  strangely 
absent  from  the  long  Salisbury  Excommunicatio  (Wordsworth,  I.  c., 
p.  244). 

One  section  of  this  fragment,  inasmuch  as  it  touches  on  a  matter 
referred  to  in  the  Godstow  deeds,  may  claim  separate  notice.  We 
have,  in  a  severely  condensed  form,  the  well-known  condemnation 
of  four  trespasses  committed  by  monks  and  friars,  partly  against 
the  jurisdiction  of  the  parish  clergy,  partly  against  the  authority 
of  the  pope.  These  are  (a)  administering  the  sacraments  of  the 
eucharist,  extreme  unction,  and  marriage,  to  parishioners,  without 
leave  of  the  parish  priest ;  (6)  granting,  without  licence  from  the 
pope,  absolution  to  persons  excommunicate  ;  (c)  pressing  people  to 
appoint  for  the  place  of  their  burial  a  conventual  church  (as  in 
nos.  84  and  232)  in  preference  to  their  parish  church ;  (d)  threaten- 
ing eternal  punishment,  as  for  perjury,  to  such  as  had  agreed  to  be 
buried  in  a  conventual  church  but  afterwards  wished  to  withdraw 
from  their  promise  in  order  to  be  buried  in  their  parish  church. 
The  motive  power  in  these  last  cases  was  the  desire  for  fees  for  the 
burial  and  accompanying  services,  and  the  possibility  of  permanent 
endowment  for  such  commemorative  services,  obits  or  chantries,  as 
will  presently  be  described.  In  the  Salisbury  Articuli  maioris 
excommunicationis  the  section  devoted  to  these  four  offences 
occupies  a  page  and  a  half  of  small  print. 

I  owe  the  warmest  thanks  to  Canon  Wordsworth  for  his  patience 
and  pains  in  instructing  me  as  to  these  matters  of  liturgical 
use  and  Canon  Law,  which  lay  altogether  beyond  the  horizon  of 
my  knowledge,  and  also  for  most  valued  information  about  the 
kalendar  and  other  matters,  both  liturgical  and  historical. 


Devotional  verses — Kalendar  xi 


Devotional  verses. 

The  Commination  service  is  followed  by  ten  devotional  pieces  of 
length  varying  from  a  single  stanza  to  eleven  stanzas.  They  are  all 
written  in  a  stanza  of  seven  lines  ababbcc.  Most  of  the  lines 
have  five  iambics,  but  a  few  have  only  four. 

The  first  poem  is  an  acrostic  Invocation  to  the  Cross.  Its  first 
line  begins  with  the  symbol  ffa,  standing  for  the  words  '  0  Cross  ! ', 
and  is  not  included  in  the  lettering.  Twenty  lines  follow,  being 
the  letters  A— I,  K-T,  W.  A  fourth  stanza  completes  the  poem  of 
twenty-eight  lines,  This  contains  an  oddly  expressed  reference  to 
the  Title  (on  the  cross)  written  by  Pontius  (Pilate). 

Next  come  metrical  expositions  of  several  devotional  exercises, 
found  prefixed  to  the  breviary,  viz.  in  this  order,  In  nomine 
Patris  ;  Pater  noster  ;  Ave,  Maria  ;  Credo  ;  Confiteor  ;  Misereatur 
mei ;  In  manus  tuas  ;  Benedic,  Domine,  joined  with  Agimus  tibi 
gratias  ;  Retribuere  dignare :  and  the  series  is  closed  by  a  stanza 
expanding  a  versicle  of  the  Burial  Office,  Animae  omnium  Jldelium. 
Prose  versions  of  several  of  these  are  found  in  T.  F.  Simmons' s  Lay 
Folks  Mass  Book  (E.E.T.S.,  1879)  and  in  H.  Littlehales's  Prymer 
or  Lay  Folks  Prayer  Book  (E.E.T.S.,  1895-7). 

The  Kalendar. 

A  kalendar  follows,  arranged  in  four  columns,  written  with 
elaborate  rubrications.  These  rubricated  letters  are  here  indicated 
by  heavier  (Clarendon)  type.  In  the  MS.  these  letters  are  in  some 
places  two  lines  high,  in  others  four  ;  but  it  has  been  thought 
enough  to  indicate  this  feature  by  brackets. 

In  the  first  column  are  placed  the  Golden  Numbers,  which  pro- 
vided a  perpetual  lunar  kalendar.  Sir  Harris  Nicolas's  Chrono- 
logy of  History  (1838),  pp.  82-94,  explains  the  method  by  which 
these  gave,  for  any  year  in  Old  Style,  the  day  in  each  month  on 
which  there  was  New  Moon. 

The  second  column  gives  the  seven  Dominical  Letters,  A-G, 
which  marked  the  days  of  the  week.  Their  use  is  explained  in 
Nicolas,  1.  c.,  p.  30.  The  year  was  classed  according  to  the  letter 
of  its  first  Sunday.  In  1440,  e.g.,  January  2  being  a  Sunday,  the 
year  had  B  for  its  Dominical  Letter. 

b  2 


xii  Kalendar 

In  the  third  column  we  have  the  Roman  kalendar,  marked  by 
Kb  (Kalends),  N*  (Nones),  and  Id?  (Ides),  as  it  is  still  given,  for 
convenience  of  reference,  in  the  yearly  issues  of  Whitaker's  and 
other  Almanacs. 

The  fourth  column  contains  the  Church  kalendar  in  metre. 
The  writer's  object  was  to  get  in,  on  the  right  day,  as  many  names 
of  fixed  Holy  Days  as  the  trammels  of  metre  and  rime  would 
permit.  Canon  Wordsworth  has  pointed  out  to  me  that  the  kalen- 
dar is  pure  Sarum,  and  that  the  mentions  of  Sixtus  on  Aug.  6 
and  of  Donatus  on  Aug.  7,  mark  it  as  earlier  than  the  introduction 
(about  1457)  °f  Transfiguratio  Domini  on  the  former  and  of 
Festum  nominis  lesu  on  the  latter  day.  It  is  to  be  noticed  that 
in  May,  besides  the  fixed  Saints'  Days,  four  of  the  Movable  Feasts 
are  given,  Ascension,  Whitsuntide,  Trinity  Sunday,  and  Corpus 
Christi  Day,  on  the  5th,  I5th,  22nd,  and  26th.  This  marks  the 
year  as  being  of  the  type  'Almanac  6  '  in  Augustus  de  Morgan's 
Book  of  Almanacs  (1871).  The  years  of  that  type  were  1407, 
1418,  1429,  1440,  1502,  1513,  1524.  Since  the  Register  which 
follows  is  of  date  1450,  the  probability  is  that  the  versifier  had 
before  him  a  kalendar  constructed  for  the  year  1440.  Two  other 
Movable  Feasts  are  brought  in,  Relic  Sunday,  which  is  the  third 
Sunday  after  Midsummer  Day  (June  24),  and  Advent  Sunday, 
which  is  the  Sunday  nearest  St.  Andrew's  Day  (Nov.  30).  In  this 
kalendar,  Relic  Sunday  is  noted  on  July  12,  and  Advent  Sunday 
on  Dec.  i,  a  combination  which  cannot  occur  in  any  year.  It 
has  been  pointed  out  to  me  that  the  constructor  of  the  kalendar, 
in  inserting  Festum  Reliquiarum  or  Adventus  Domini,  would  merely 
look  out  for  those  days  nearest  July  7  and  Nov.  30  which  com- 
memorated no  specially  important  saints,  and  then  write  in  his 
two  feasts  as  best  suited  his  verses.  Open  days  for  this  purpose, 
i.e.  days  not  of  obligation,  are  July  8,  9,  12,  13,  14,  Dec.  i,  2,  3. 
I  may  note,  however,  that  in  1443  Advent  Sunday  was  on  Dec.  i, 
and  in  1444  Relic  Sunday  was  on  July  12.  So  that,  for  a  novice 
at  kalendar-making,  1445  seems  a  likely  date  for  the  construction 
of  the  kalendar. 

Some  minor  points  may  be  touched  on.  Gabriel  the  Archangel 
is  named  on  March  28,  the  usual  day  being  March  26  ;  but  I  learn 
from  Canon  Wordsworth  that  there  was  much  dispute  as  to  the 
day  and  the  form  of  this  commemoration.  If  the  Utas  (Octave) 


Kalendar  xiii 

were  to  be  taken  strictly  as  the  seventh  day  after  the  festival, 
then  the  Utas  of  the  Assumption  (Aug.  20)  is  displaced,  as  also 
the  Utas  of  the  Nativity  of  Mary  (Sept.  10).  'In  the  Octaves' 
was,  however,  vaguely  used  for  any  of  the  seven  days  after  the 
festival,  a  sufficient  excuse  for  concessions  to  metrical  require- 
ments or  to  the  rudder-power  of  rime.  On  September  15  we 
seem  to  have  invocation  of  the  prayers  of  a  martyr  (unnamed). 
Nicomedes  commemorated  on  that  day  is  not  styled  martyr,  so 
there  may  be  a  reference  back  to  Cornelius  et  Cyprianus,  Martyres, 
whose  commemoration  on  Sept.  14  is  shut  out  by  the  mention  of 
Exaltatio  Crucis.  Edmund,  canonized  Archbishop  of  Canterbury, 
is  styled  (Nov.  16),  '  of  Pounteney/  from  Pontigny,  the  monastery 
to  which  he  was  travelling  to  enter  it  as  a  monk  when  death  cut 
short  his  journey  at  Soisy.  Etheldreda,  June  23,  has  the  addition 
'  of  Ely ',  the  versifier  remembering  that  she  was  patroness  of  that 
minster.  Botulph,  singularly  enough,  occurs  not  only  on  his  own 
festival,  June  17,  but  also  on  July  16,  his  trental  (no.  99),  mense, 
or  month's  mind.  It  so  happens  that  his  appearance  there  provides 
a  handy  rime  for  Arnulph  (July  18),  but  one  is  unwilling  to 
suppose  the  versifier  so  beggared  of  invention  as  to  be  reduced  to 
this  shift,  and  the  query  may  be  made  whether  he  was  connected 
with  some  St.  Botulph's  church  or  convent. 

The  kalendar  is  written  in  the  same  seven-line  stanza ababbcc, 
as  the  poems  which  precede  it.  One  line  is  strictly  given  to  one 
day,  and,  as  a  consequence,  at  the  month's  end,  the  stanza  is 
arbitrarily  divided  between  the  month  ending  and  the  month 
beginning.  To  provide  a  line  for  the  odd  365th  day  the  last  stanza 
has  eight  lines,  ababbcbc. 

Some  quaint  things  occur  in  this  kalendar,  and  may  be  brought 
together  here.  Dancing  is  insisted  on,  with  some  frequency,  as 
one  of  the  joys  of  the  saints  in  bliss :  see  Jan.  9,  Feb.  1 5,  June  2, 
July  19,  Sept.  i,  Oct.  14,  31,  Nov.  12,  25,  28.  Feasting  occurs 
just  half  that  number  of  times:  June  14,  Sept.  23,  27,  Nov.  21, 
Dec.  28.  Singing  is  brought  in  on  Jan.  18,  Oct.  14,  Dec.  14;  and 
games  on  July  23.  Special  instruments  of  music  are  assigned  to 
certain  saints,  a  harp  to  Leonard  (Nov.  7),  a  psaltery  to  Theodore 
(Nov.  9),  and  a  lute  to  Brice  (Nov.  13).  There  are  two  allusions 
to  flowers,  May  9,  Oct.  24;  and  possibly  one  to  cherries,  July  9. 
Oct.  1 6,  17,  have  a  strangely  worded  metaphor  from  riding.  To 


xiv  The  English  Register  of  Godstow 

the  veneration  of  the  saints  is  extended  the  custom  of  choosing 
valentines,  Feb.  17,  20,  26,  Aug.  20,  Oct.  29,  Nov.  24;  and  even 
a  page's  office  in  bearing  up  his  lady's  train,  July  21. 


The  English  Register  of  Godstow. 

In  1404  there  was  compiled  for  the  use  of  Godstow  Abbey  a  Latin 
cartulary,  which  is  now  in  the  Public  Records  Office  (Exchequer : 
King's  Remembrancer ;  Miscellaneous  Books,  volume  20)  and  may 
be  cited  as  the  Exchequer  MS.  or  the  Latin  Register.  Soon  after- 
wards the  Abbey  found  it  convenient  to  have  an  English  version, 
which  is  now  in  the  Bodleian  Library  (MS.  Rawlinson  B.  408),  and 
may  be  cited  as  the  English  Register.  In  the  present  edition  all 
the  documents  contained  in  this  English  MS.  are  given,  with  the 
faithfulness  to  the  MS.  text  and  the  care  to  mark  its  features  letter 
by  letter  which  are  looked  for  in  the  issues  of  the  Early  English 
Text  Society. 

Although  of  somewhat  late  date  (1450,  with  additions  1460-70), 
this  MS.  is  not  without  a  claim  to  rank  as  a  mile-stone  of  the 
language.  It  stands  by  itself,  in  its  own  age,  as  an  attempt, 
deliberately  begun  and  carried  right  through  to  the  finish,  to  shake 
off  the  fetters  of  Latin,  and  use  English  speech  for  English  folk  in 
the  management  of  English  land.  If  we  look  to  what  follows,  we 
find  it  a  far-off  forerunner  of  the  good  sense  of  the  Commonwealth 
leaders,  who,  during  their  brief  authority,  caused  the  records  of 
manorial  courts,  which  were  so  largely  concerned  with  land- 
transfers,  to  be  kept  in  English.  The  final  triumph  of  the  principle 
which  was  put  forward  by  this  English  Register  as  early  as 
Edward  IV  was  withheld  till  the  reign  of  George  I,  when  the 
wearisome  law-Latin,  which  had  returned  at  the  Restoration,  was 
finally  laid  aside. 

Defects  of  the  MS. 

A  perusal  of  the  English  Register  showed  that  twelve  of  its 
closely-written  leaves  had  been  cut  out.  This  mutilation  is  later 
than  the  old  paging  of  the  leaves  by  Roman  numbers,  but  earlier 
than  the  modern  paging  by  Arabic  numbers.  A  summary  of  the 
missing  deeds  so  far  as  they  can  be  recovered  from  the  Latin 
Register  has  been  given,  in  the  places  where  they  come  in  natur- 
ally, but  the  gaps  are  not  completely  filled,  because  the  Latin  copy 


Defects  of  the  MS.  xv 

eiids  imperfectly,  some  sheets  at  least  being  missing  between  its 
last  leaf  (190,  mismarked  CO)  and  the  fly-leaves.  From  these 
fly-leaves  notes  have  been  taken,  and  made  use  of,  about  other 
deeds,  which  explain  heads  in  the  Confirmation  Charters  that 
were  otherwise  unaccounted  for.  When  all  has  been  done,  however, 
there  are  still  some  properties  mentioned  (e.g.  the  town  of  Oxford's 
gift,  878  §  22  :  rent-charges  at  Winchester,  902  §  59),  about  which 
we  have  no  deeds. 

A  minute  examination  of  the  English  text  showed  scores  of  places 
in  which,  even  where  the  MS.  was  intact,  there  was  plainly  omission 
or  error  of  some  sort.  Comparison  with  the  Latin  has  cleared  up 
most  of  these  places,  and  accounted  for  the  obscurity. 

(A)  Omissions  of  single  words,  of  two  or  three  words  together, 
even  of  whole  lines,  occur.     These  faults  may  possibly  be  set  down 
to  a  careless  copyist. 

(B)  In  other  places,  words  were  intruded  which  had  no  place 
in  the  Latin.    The  translator  had  blundered,  apparently  by  recollec- 
tion of  some  name  or  fact  in  an  allied  deed,  which  had  no  place  in 
the  deed  he  was  then  translating  (e.g.,  no.  5). 

(C)  The  Latin   word  had  been  misread,   and  so  misrendered  : 
e.g.  domo,  being  read  dono  (no.  672),  was  given  as  '  yifte'  when  it 
should  have  been  '  house  ' ;  and  donum  being  read  domum  (no.  265), 
was  given  as  '  house '  when  it  should  have  been  '  yifte '. 

(D)  The  Latin  is  misrendered  both  in  words  and  in  construc- 
tion.    Thus,  Henry  II  (886  §  42)  gave  Godstow,  at  Pattishall, 
Northamptonshire,  vaccaria  cum pastura,  a  cow-house  with  attached 
pasture-land.    The  translator,  thinking  of  church  matters,  has  made 
this  into  the  '  vicariage ',  though,  oddly  enough,  in  Celestine  Ill's 
confirmation  (902  §  37),  he  has  not  only  the  right  meaning,  but 
apparently   coins  a   word  (the  cowry)  to  express  it.     A   dative 
ecclesie  taken  is  (no)  as  genitive,  and  translated  'of  the  church  ' 
instead  of  '  to  the  church  ',  thereby  darkening  a  whole  paragraph. 

(E)  The  translator  not  only  Englishes,  but  abridges,  and  in  so 
doing  falls  into  many  snares.     The  Latin,  retaining  with  the  full 
forms  the  /  and  my  of  the  grantor,  is  in  no  danger  of  confusion 
with  the  grantee,  who  is  always  in  the  third  person.    The  translator 
causes  obscurity  by  making  both  grantor  and  grantee  third  persons, 
and  causes  error  by  forgetting  that  the  grantor  is  often  a  female. 
Of  him,  to  him,  he,  his,  constantly  usurp  the  place  of  the  feminine 


xvi      Defects  of  the  MS.— Arrangement  of  the  deeds 

pronouns.     In  at  least  one  place  (273),  the  opposite  fault  is  found, 
sche  and  here  appearing  where  he  and  his  ought  to  be  read. 

The  linguistic  analysis,  which  must  come  when  the  text  is  printed, 
will  tabulate  these  and  other  sources  of  error  or  confusion.  Mean- 
while, where  such  faults  have  hopelessly  darkened  the  text,  short 
footnotes  supply  the  required  corrections. 

(F)  The  translator  has  been   especially  careless  in   his  dates. 
He  has  thrown  aside  the  approximate  dates  given  in  the  lists 
of  witnesses1  to  the  earlier  deeds,  falling  back  on  a  parrot-like 
repetition  of  the  formula  '  and  is  without  date '.    He  has  even  added 
this  formula  to  several  deeds  which  are  dated.     He  has,  in  places, 
put  *  Edward  the  son  of  king  Edward  ',  i.  e.  Edward  II,  where  the 
right  date  must  be,  and  is  (in  the  Latin),  '  Edward  the  son  of  king 
Henry,'  i.e.  Edward  I.     It  is  much  to  be  regretted  that  a  text,  in 
itself  so  pithy,  and  possessed  of  so  racy  an  English  smack,  has  by 
its  faults  occasioned  many  footnotes  referring  to  what  ought  to  have 
been  the  superfluous  Latin. 

(G)  In  a  few  places  the  errors  of  the  English  copy  come  from 
repeating  the  faults  of  the  Latin.     Thus,  we  have  (568)  an  '  acre ' 
which  measures   15   ft.  X  26  ft.;    but  the  Latin  rubric   also  has 
'  acra  ',  a  plain  error  for  '  area '. 

Arrangement  of  the  deeds. 

The  compiler  of  the  Latin  Register  had  marked  out  for  himself 
a  natural,  and  (in  conventual  cartularies)  a  usual,  order :  giving  first, 
the  deeds  connected  with  the  foundation ;  then,  deeds  connected  with 
the  estates  taken  in  alphabetical  order;  and  lastly,  the  general 
charters.  This  plan  was  faultily  carried  out.  A  good  many 
charters  escaped  his  first  search,  and  these  were  brought  in  at  the 
end,  in  an  appendix  whose  bulk  we  cannot  estimate  because  the 
MS.  ends  imperfectly.  No  care  was  taken  within  each  head  to  put 
the  deeds  about  estates  into  order  of  time.  Among  the  general 
charters,  on  the  principle  of  putting  the  best  foot  first,  the  fullest 
charter  of  a  sovereign  or  of  the  pope  was  given  precedence,  and  the 
earlier  charters  made  to  follow  it. 

The  writer  of  the  English  Register,  since  his  main  object  was  to 
furnish  the  nuns  with  a  key  to  the  Latin  Register,  necessarily  folio  wed 

1  The  •  Continuator '  who  has  added  renderings  of  the  deeds  about  Bozeat, 
Langford,  Wy  tham,  which  are  not  in  the  Latin  Register,  does  give  the  witnesses. 


Arrangement  of  the  deeds — History  of  the  MS.     xvii 

its  order  (no.  i).  Some  accident,  however,  when  the  sheets  were 
loose,  has  thrust  portions  of  the  estate-deeds  out  of  their  place  in 
the  alphabet.  The  appendix,  of  places  not  included  in  the  alpha- 
betical series,  has  grown,  in  the  English  Kegister,  to  a  formidable 
length.  It  seemed  better,  therefore,  when  giving  the  deeds  the  per- 
manence of  print,  to  adopt  for  them  a  true  alphabetical  order,  i.  e.  by 
counties,  and  in  each  county,  by  parishes.  This  being  decided  on, 
a  further  rearrangement  seemed  advisable,  namely  to  put  the  deeds 
in  each  compartment  into  true  order  of  time,  or,  where  they  were 
many  or  vague,  to  portion  them  out  under  some  natural  heads.  The 
gain  in  clearness  is  very  great,  and  more  than  compensates  for  the 
tedious  marginal  repetition  of  references  to  the  leaves  of  the  MS. 

I  cannot  pass  from  this  part  of  these  forewords  without  expressing 
my  very  great  debt  to  my  old  friend  and  fellow- worker,  Mr.  Herbert 
Hurst.  He  not  only  has  made  repeated  visits  to  the  Public  Records 
Office  to  look  up  doubtful  places  and  obscure  deeds  in  the  Latin 
original ;  he  has  also  most  unselfishly  put  at  my  disposal  his  anno- 
tated list  of  witnesses  to  the  Oxford  deeds,  and  given  me  the  fruits 
of  his  many  years'  observation  of  objects  found  in  excavations  at 
Godstow.  In  fact,  he  has  laboured  for  this  edition  as  if  it  had 
been  his  own,  and  given  it  the  advantage  of  a  local  knowledge 
which  he  alone  possessed. 

History  of  the  MS. 

In  their  original  form,  the  number  and  nature  of  the  evidences 
of  a  religious  house  made  them  hard  to  consult.  Each  individual 
holding,  however  small,  had  its  own  bundle  of  parchment  deeds,  of 
all  sizes,  encumbered  with  seals.  Such  a  bundle  contained  not 
only  the  deed  by  which  the  property  came  to  the  convent,  but 
also  necessary  confirmations  by  the  grantor's  relatives  and  feudal 
or  ecclesiastical  superiors,  and,  in  many  cases,  the  deeds  which  had 
constituted  his  title  to  it  (cp.  nos.  381  and  508),  also  copies  of 
leases  by  which  the  convent  had  farmed  it  out,  and  records  of 
lawsuits  which  its  possession  had  led  to.  If  we  think  of  a  large 
charter-chest  containing  some  hundreds  of  such  bundles,  we 
can  imagine  the  difficulty  of  discovering  at  short  notice  any  one 
particular  deed,  and  the  certainty  of  displacement  of  deeds  if  the 
bundles  were  frequently  consulted. 

This  difficulty  was  surmounted  by  writing  into  a  big  parchment 


xviii  History  of  the  MS. 

book  the  more  important  of  the  deeds,  in  the  order  of  the  parishes 
in  which  the  properties  lay.  The  provision  of  this  Register  or 
Cartulary  was  often  the  benefaction  of  the  head  or  some  superior 
officer  of  the  monastery,  and  is  found  mentioned  with  just  respect 
as  a  gift  not  inferior  to  improvement  of,  or  addition  to,  the 
conventual  buildings  or  estates.  This  was  the  case  at  Godstow. 
Prefixed  to  the  Table  of  Contents  of  the  Latin  Register  is  the 
statement  that  the  volume  was  compiled  in  5  Henry  IV,  i4O4} 
Margaret  Mounteneye  being  then  abbess,  at  the  charges  of,  and  by 
the  '  labour '  of,  Alice  of  Henley,  then  prioress. 

This  Latin  Register,  being  a  necessary  instrument  for  the 
management  of  the  estates,  was  taken  into  the  Exchequer  Office 
when  these  were  confiscated  in  1540.  It  is  a  business-like  volume, 
a  shade  over  13  inches  high  by  9  inches  wide,  enclosed  in  two 
stout  wooden  boards,  which,  after  being  enveloped  in  soft  white 
leather,  were  covered  with  a  strong  flexible  black  leather  wrapper, 
with  a  large  flap  to  overlap  the  opening.  The  present  make-up  of 
the  MS.  is  (a)  4  fly-leaves  with  transcripts  of  deeds  and  other 
jottings  ;  (6)  8  leaves  of  a  good  Table  of  Contents  (absent  from  the 
English  Register) ;  (c)  leaves  I  to  CLXXXIX  followed  by  a  leaf 
wrongly  marked  CC ;  (d)  4  fly-leaves,  with  jottings.  Parchment- 
slips  are  fastened  by  threads  to  several  leaves.  The  last  deed  (no. 
853  in  this  edition)  on  leaf  CC  ends  in  the  middle  of  its  list  of 
witnesses  with  et  multis  aliis,  written  as  a  catch-word.  The 
writing  is  the  clear  close  hand  of  a  professional  scribe.  The 
utmost  economy  of  parchment  has  been  observed,  the  rubric  of  one 
deed  beginning  wherever  the  text  of  the  preceding  deed  ends. 
The  entire  absence  of  interval  suggests  that,  in  the  fifteenth  cen- 
tury, as  miserly  use  was  made  of  writing-material,  as  (in  Tennyson's 
phrase)  of  time  in  the  nineteenth  century  '  when  every  hour  must 
sweat  its  sixty  minutes  to  the  death'.  The  initial  letters  are 
slightly  flowered,  and  have  been  rubbed  over  with  a  yellow  pigment. 

In  the  Exchequer,  the  volume  came  under  the  scrutiny  of  the 
much-searching  Oxford  antiquary  Brian  Twyne,  who  made  excerpts 
from  it  (Twyne's  MS.  xxiv.  232-43  :  AVood's  Life  and  Times,  iv. 
216),  which  were  used  by  Anthony  Wood  in  the  compilation  of  his 
Survey  of  Oxford  City. 

The  English  Register  carries  us  a  step  further.  Its  Prologue 
quaintly  tells,  that  the  nuns,  although  inexpert  at  translating 


History  of  the  MS.  xix 

Latin,  were  keen  managers  of  their  estates.  It  was  therefore 
a  vexation  to  them  that  they  had  to  ask  help  from  outsiders 
when  they  wanted  to  know  the  exact  terms  of  a  deed  in  order  to 
give  directions  to  their  bailiff  or  rent-gatherer.  For  this  reason  '  a 
pore  hrodur  and  welwyller '  to  the  convent  made  an  English  key  of 
the  Latin  Register,  Alice  of  Henley  (see  p.  xxiv)  being  then  abbess. 

At  the  dissolution  this  English  Register,  being  merely  a  duplicate 
of  the  authoritative  Latin  Register,  was  allowed  to  pass  into  private 
hands,  possibly,  in  the  first  instance,  of  George  Owen,  Henry  VIII's 
physician,  who  acquired  Godstow  from  the  Crown.  Early  in  James  I's 
reign  we  find  it  made  use  of  by  Brian  Twyne,  who  has  a  few  excerpts 
from  it  in  vol.  xxi  of  his  MS.  Collections.  About  the  same  time 
notes  were  taken  from  it  by  an  otherwise  unknown  antiquary, 
Randall  Catherall,  and  these,  in  1616,  were  copied  (Wood's  Life 
and  Times,  ii.  354-5)  by  Robert  Sanderson,  afterwards  Bishop 
of  Lincoln,  as  good  an  antiquary  as  he  was  logician  and  casuist, 
but  the  destruction  of  his  MS.  Collections  has  'robbed  his  chaplet 
of  a  rose '.  In  whose  hands  the  volume  then  was  does  not  appear. 
We  next  hear  of  the  volume  as  owned  successively  by  Sir  James 
Ware  (died  1666);  by  Henry  Hyde,  2nd  earl  of  Clarendon  (died 
1709);  by  Dr.  Richard  Rawlinson  (died  1755),  who  gave  it,  with 
his  other  MSS.,  to  the  Bodleian.  Rawlinson  bought  MSS.  too 
extensively  to  keep  watch  over  the  honesty  of  persons  who  brought 
him  MS.  papers  for  sale.  As  a  result,  many  scattered  papers  by 
Anthony  Wood,  stolen  from  ill-guarded  boxes  in  the  Ashmolean 
Library,  came  into  his  hands.  Among  these  was  Wood's  rude 
sketch  (reproduced  in  Wood's  Life  and  Times,  i.  346)  of  Godstow 
Nunnery  taken  from  the  East,  1666'.  This,  Rawliuson  inserted 
in  the  Godstow  English  Register. 

The  presence  of  this  sketch  in  the  volume  has  produced  the  mis- 
leading belief  that  at  one  time  the  volume  was  Anthony  Wood's. 
As  a  matter  of  fact,  Wood  had  never  seen  the  English  Register, 
and  knew  of  it  only  by  Twyne's  excerpts  and  by  the  Catherall- 
Sanderson  notes.  This  circumscribed  knowledge  led  innocent 
Anthony  into  a  set  of  blunders,  which  it  would  have  delighted 
ill-natured  Tom  Hearne  to  expose,  and  which  furnish  an  amusing 
paragraph  for  the  chapter  that  will  tell  of  the  pitfalls  in  which 
antiquaries  have  been  taken.  Twyne  hastily  copied  from  Henry  IPs 
confirmation  charters  two  passages  which  seemed  to  refer  to  Oxford. 


xx  History  of  the  MS. 

Henry  II  (879  §§  29,  30)  confirms  to  Godstow  'The  chirche  of 
Dantesbourne  with-oute  the  south-yate  of  Oxenford,  one  mansion 
thatEylwyne  fitz  Godegose  yaf  with  the  pertynentis ',  &c.  He  also 
(886  §  47)  confirms  '  Of  the  yifte  of  henry  of  Oxenford  one  hide  of 
land  in  Walton  Of  the  yifte  of  William  Venirj  one  mylle  and  his 
lond  with-oute  the  north  yate '.  Wood,  having  justly  the  fullest 
confidence  in  Twyne's  accuracy,  felt  it  necessary  to  bring  both 
statements  into  the  topography  of  Oxford.  Accordingly,  in  Wood's 
City  of  Oxford,  i.  416,  ii.  47-8,  Dantesbourne  is  treated  at  length 
as  an  Oxford  church,  with  conjectures  as  to  the  derivation  of  the 
name  and  speculations  as  to  how  the  church  and  parish  had  utterly 
vanished  from  Oxford  tradition.  The  mill  also  (ibid.  i.  407-8) 
appears  as  an  Oxford  mill,  and,  to  supply  motive-power  to  work  it, 
Wood  magnifies  the  north  ditch  of  Oxford  into  a  river  with  full 
stream.  Reference  to  the  charters  in  this  edition  will  show  that, 
in  the  first  case,  the  omission  of  a  stop  has  moved  Dantesbourne 
from  Gloucestershire  into  Oxford,  and,  in  the  second  place,  the 
dropping  of  a  line,  after  jumbling  together  the  mill  of  Empshott  in 
Hampshire  and  the  north  gate  of  Winchester,  has  dumped  down  the 
misleading  product  outside  Oxford.  A  third  error  of  Wood's  is 
less  excusable.  Finding  in  Twyne's  notes  that  Boy-mill,  east  of 
Oxford,  was  an  early  possession  of  Godstow  (Wood's  City  of  Oxford, 
i.  402),  he  unhesitatingly  adds  that  it  '  continued  to  them  till  about 
the  time  of  their  dissolution'.  He  forgets  the  exchange  (no.  510) 
made  in  1358,  which  he  must  have  come  across  in  his  perusal  of  the 
cartulary  of  St.  Frideswyde's  Priory. 

The  English  Register,  like  its  Latin  original,  is  a  plain  volume 
for  everyday  use.  It  is  a  shade  less  than  13X9  inches,  and  its 
rubrics  are  practically  its  only  ornament.  In  this  edition  these  are 
indicated  by  heavier  type.  The  handwriting  of  the  English  Register 
is  very  similar  to  that  of  the  Latin  Register,  and  is  clearly  of  not 
much  later  date. 

History  of  Godstow. 

Godstow  Abbey,  begun  (no.  2)  in  the  last  years  of  Henry  I,  was 
consecrated,  113!,  in  tne  beginning  of  Stephen's  reign.  The 
foundress,  Edyve  Launcelene,  a  Winchester  lady,  became  the  first 
abbess.  Katherine  Bulkeley,  abbess  at  the  dissolution,  1 540,  appears 
as  twenty-fourth  on  the  list  (p.  xxv),  but  this  list  is  imperfect. 


Site  and  buildings  of  Godstoiv  xxi 

The  site  chosen  was  an  island  about  three  miles  from  the  north- 
gate  of  Oxford,  just  inside  the  franchises  or  territorial  jurisdiction 
of  that  town.  This  island  was  bounded  by  two  small  branches  of 
Thames,  but  the  main  stream  of  Thames  flowed  past  the  next 
island  to  it  on  the  east,  and  came  within  a  stone's-cast  of  the  south- 
eastern corner  of  the  nunnery.  On  the  first  eastern  rise  of  the 
ground  from  the  river-flats  is  the  Oxfordshire  village  of  Wolvercote 
(nos.  767—78)  ;  right  opposite,  on  the  first  western  slope,  is  the 
Berkshire  village  of  Wytham  (nos.  28-49).  The  seclusion  of  the 
place  is  now  destroyed  by  the  towing-path  which  crosses  the  con- 
ventual burying- ground,  and  skirts  a  canal  formed  by  widening  the 
eastern  boundary-stream. 

In  summer-days  Godstow  was  no  doubt,  as  it  is  now,  a  pleasant, 
as  well  as  a  quiet,  spot.  But  in  wet  weather,  although  the  island 
itself  is  just  above  flood-level,  dreary  stretches  of  submerged  meadow 
must  have  lain  round  it  on  all  sides.  In  1540,  it  is  recorded 
(Monast.  iv.  370)  that  89  acres  of  demesne-meadow,  presumably 
hard  by  the  abbey,  were  liable  to  flood.  At  the  present  day  raised 
causeways  and  long  foot-bridges  of  planks  ought  to  suggest  to 
summer  visitors  the  regular  winter  flooding  of  the  eastern  and 
western  approaches. 

About  the  buildings  very  little  is  said  in  the  Register.  The 
consecration  charter  (no.  4)  passes  a  high  encomium  on  the 
foundress  Edyve,  ( that  noble  modyr,  that  with  hyr  propur  labour, 
costys,  and  almys,  edified  the  sayd  churche  ...  fro  the  fyrst  ston.' 
Here,  ( church  '  means  the  whole  range  of  conventual  buildings  as 
they  stood  at  the  dedication  in  1139.  The  translator,  however, 
in  cutting  short  the  bishop's  long-winded  Latin,  has  left  out  an 
essential  part  of  one  clause,  which  mentions  contributions  from 
contemporaries  of  the  foundress.  '  Almys,'  above,  in  the  English 
is  so  put  as  to  appear  a  description  of  Edyve's  own  gift :  but  the 
Latin  is  c  collatisque  fidelium  elemosinis '.  At  the  same  time  we 
may  readily  allow  that  Edyve's  contribution  was  a  considerable  one. 
She  was  the  only  child  of  wealthy  parents.  Even  supposing  her 
son  to  have  taken  his  father's  estate  to  Abingdon  abbey  when  he 
became  a  monk  there,  Edyve  had  her  own  patrimony  to  bestow  on 
Godstow  when  she  and  her  two  daughters  became  nuns. 

The  great  conventual  church  (no.  6)  was  perhaps  a  later  structure 
than  the  1 139  fabric.  Its  western  tower  stood  till  the  great  gale  of 


xxii  Site  and  buildings  of  Godstow 

Jan.  1,1764  (Hurst's  Oxford  Topography,  1 899,  p.  1 1 9).  According 
to  local  tradition  the  stones  were  then  used  to  make  a  new  road 
to  Wytham.  At  the  City  Public  Library,  Oxford,  are  preserved 
three  pieces  of  stone-carving  from  Godstow.  Two  of  them  are  of 
the  Early  English  period,  somewhat  late  in  the  style  with  delicate 
dog-tooth  ornament.  No  authentic  drawing  shows  elaborate  work 
on  the  tower,  so  they  perhaps  came  from  the  interior  of  the  church. 
These  two  fragments  were  recovered  from  the  eastern  arch  of  Toll 

O 

Bridge  near  Godstow.  The  third  fragment  was  fished  out  of  the 
river  not  far  from  the  south-east  angle  of  the  convent.  It  is  of 
a  different  kind  of  stone,  and  the  foliage  on  it  may  confidently  be 
dated  about  1260-80. 

By  the  side  of  the  great  church,  stood  a  range  of  buildings,  dis- 
tinct from  the  convent  proper,  which  tradition  calls  The  Guesten 
Hall.  Here  probably  we  are  to  look  for  those  rooms  which  were 
assigned  to  aged  servants  and  others  who  had  obtained  (no.  608) 
corrodies  from  the  abbey. 

In  the  1885  excavations  a  few  bits  of  Decorated  moulding  were 
unearthed.  We  may  conclude  that,  at  Godstow,  as  elsewhere,  build- 
ing operations,  in  the  shape  of  repairs,  rebuildings,  additions  went 
on  throughout  its  history,  each  age  leaving  its  impress  on  the  fabric. 

The  most  conspicuous  extant  fragment  of  the  convent  proper  is 
the  domestic  chapel  at  the  south-east  corner,  whose  walls  still  show 
the  nuns'  entrance  from  the  convent  enclosure  and  an  entrance  from 
outside  for  such  visitors  as  were  allowed  to  attend  the  services. 
This  is  of  fifteenth-century  work,  and  its  eastern  window  even  of 
slightly  later  date,  possibly  altered  and  beautified,  as  Mr.  Hurst 
thinks,  by  a  benefaction  of  Richard  Fox,  Bishop  of  Winchester 
1500-28. 

In  the  deeds  the  conduit,  which  supplied  the  convent  with  water, 
is  the  building  which  receives  most  notice  (nos.  28T3o).  A  note 
attached  (pp.  45,  46)  to  these  deeds  describes  the  conventual  fish- 
ponds and  the  stream  which  served  them. 

The  chapter-house  is  mentioned  (nos.  6,  153,  180)  as  the  room 
where  business  was  discussed  and  the  abbey  seal  attached  to  deeds. 
It  has  so  completely  disappeared  that  its  site  is  matter  of  mere  guess. 

The  refectory  or  dining-hall,  in  these  deeds  called  the  '  froiture ', 
and  the  kitchen,  are  mentioned  in  connexion  with  the  '  pittances ', 
or  special  dining-allowances,  which  will  presently  be  noticed. 


Site  and  buildings  of  Godstow  xxiii 

The  froiture  occurs,  nos.  374-6;  the  kitchen,  nos.  249-50,  845, 
859,  865. 

The  '  infirmary'  is  the  recipient  of  special  benefactions  to  promote 
the  comfort  of  sick  nuns  (52,  250).  It  also  owned  lands  in  St.  Giles's, 
Oxford,  nos.  536,  619,  630,  which  probably  came  to  it  by  special 
bequest,  though  the  gift  of  them  is  not  recorded. 

The  burial-ground  lay  along  the  very  brink  of  the  eastern 
boundary-stream.  In  1885—6  this  stream  was  widened  some  feet 
on  both  sides,  and  the  old  lock,  at  the  point  where  it  joined  the 
main  stream  of  Thames,  was  enlarged  to  enable  boats  more  easily 
to  go  up  beyond  Godstow.  In  the  excavations  then  made,  over 
twenty  stone  coffins  and  some  eight  oak  coffins  were  unearthed,  and 
reburied  somewhat  nearer  the  convent  wall.  The  crosses  on  the  lids 
of  the  stone  coffins  were  of  three  types,  belonging  to  different  ages. 
The  ends  of  some  were  of  a  plain  spade-shape  ;  of  others,  square  with 
slight  tracery  in  the  inner  corners ;  of  others,  cross-croslets  :  i.  e. 


~UL_ 

_nr~ 


Large  numbers  of  encaustic  tiles  were  then  dug  up,  telling  of 
highly  ornamented  floors  ruthlessly  torn  up  and  buried  in  holes. 
Eighty  pieces,  carefully  examined,  showed  fifty  different  patterns. 
The  coarseness  of  the  clay  of  some  assigned  them  to  the  twelfth 
century.  Among  the  emblems  was  a  crowned  lion,  passant  gardant 
from  the  left,  whose  archaic  form  suggested  the  reign  of  Stephen. 
Some  of  the  fleurs-de-lis  were  also  of  a  type  as  early  as  Henry  II's 
time.  A  favourite  tracery  was  a  cross  within  a  quatrefoil,  both 
of  very  varied  types,  suggesting  long  intervals  of  time  between  their 
making.  The  colours  showed  many  combinations,  yellow  on  brown, 
yellow  on  brown  and  grey,  yellow  on  red,  olive  on  brown  and  black, 
dark  red  on  yellow,  &c.  Mr.  Hurst  has  some  of  these  in  his 
possession,  and  has  copied  in  colours  many  others  in  his  large  MS. 
collections  for  Oxford. 

The  dwelling-house,  into  which  the  nunnery  had  been  converted, 
was  burnt  down,  May  23,  1645,  during  the  operations  connected 
with  the  siege  of  Oxford. 


xxiv  Site  and  buildings  of  Godstow 

The  walls  which  now  show  at  Godstow  are  chiefly  of  two  dates. 
During  the  civil  war,  perhaps  in  the  winter  of  1642,  much  of  the 
buildings  was  pulled  down  to  provide  material  for  a  wall,  loop-holed 
for  musketry,  which  extended  from  close  by  the  west  gate  to  the 
stream  which  supplied  the  fish-ponds,  so  enclosing  a  field  protected 
on  north  and  east  by  wall,  and  on  west  and  south  by  the  stream. 
These  loop-holes  have  since  been  built  up,  but  the  newer  masonry 
shows  their  position  (Hurst's  Oxford  Topography,  p.  1 1 9). 

At  a  later  period,  most  of  what  remained  of  the  buildings  was 
pulled  down  to  convert  the  nunnery-quadrangle  into  a  large 
enclosure  with  sheds  for  cattle.  Built  into  a  cow-house  which  stands 
at  the  south-west  angle  are  two  pieces  of  Norman  work,  presumably 
of  Stephen's  age.  The  east  wall  of  the  enclosure  is  capped  with 
several  stones,  apparently  of  carved  work,  but  the  mason  has  put 
their  backs  outside. 

Abbesses  of  Godstow. 

It  will  be  convenient  to  have  a  corrected  list  of  abbesses,  with  the 
dates  at  which  they  are  mentioned. 

Edyve,  the  foundress,  1135-86. 

E.,  second  abbess  (once  mentioned,  no.  203). 

Agnes,  died  1195  or  1196;  see  no.  713. 

Juliana,  1197-1210. 

Felicia  (or  Aunphelice)  de  Bade,  1216-30. 

Flandryne,  occurs  1242,  deposed  1248. 

Emma  (or  Emyne)  Bluet,  1248-66. 

Isold  de  Derham,  1270—2. 

Rose  Oxhay,  1280. 

Mabel  Wafre,  1284-94. 

Alice  Gorges,  1296—1304. 

Maud  Upton,  1306-15. 

Margery  Dyne,  131 8-3  2 . 

Maud  Beau  champ,  1338. 

Agnes  Streteley,  1350-73. 

Margery  Tracy,  1375. 

Margaret  Mounteneye,  1386-1404. 

Elizabeth  Felmersham,  1412. 

Agnes  of  "Wytham,  1425. 

Alice  of  Henley,  1464. 


Members  of  Godstoiv — Nuns1  portions          xxv 

Katharine  Field,  1480-93. 

Isabel  of  Braynton,  1494. 

Margaret  of  Tewkesbury,  1518. 

Katherine  Bulkeley,  alias  Bewmaris,  1535-40. 


Prioresses  of  Godstow. 

The  prioress  acted  as  head  of  the  convent  in  the  absence  of  the 
abbess  (790),  and  in  cases  where  the  abbess  was  a  party  to  the 
business  (659),  and  therefore  could  not  act.  Very  few  names  occur. 

Emma  and  Havis,  daughters  of  the  foundress,  are  said  (2)  to 
have  been  the  first  and  the  second  to  hold  this  office.  Laura  of 
Hakington,  prioress  (659)  in  1294,  was  a  benefactress  (660).  Alice 
of  Henley,  prioress  in  1404,  paid  for  the  compiling  of  the  Latin 
Register  (p.  xviii). 

Nuns  and  their  dower. 

Godstow  was  founded  (2)  for  twenty-four  nuns.  The  inmates  at 
the  dissolution  were  short  of  that  number.  It  often  happened  that 
several  ladies  of  the  same  family  were  nuns  at  Godstow  at  the  same 
time,  as  e.g.  two  or  more  sisters  (291),  mother  and  daughters  (2, 
232),  aunts  and  nieces  (32).  There  is  an  instance  of  a  wife  leaving 
her  husband  to  enter  the  convent  (25). 

A  nun,  at  her  admission,  brought  to  the  convent  her  portion, 
exactly  as  she  would  have  taken  it  to  a  husband,  if  she  had  married. 
Such  portions  formed  a  constant,  and  at  times  a  not  inconsiderable, 
addition  to  the  endowment  of  the  convent,  which  thus  grew,  like 
the  coral  islands,  by  the  additions  made  by  its  inmates. 

The  sum  of  £13  65.  8d.  seems  in  one  place  (531)  put  forward  as 
the  amount  sufficient  for  a  nun's  portion,  a  woman  there  bargaining, 
possibly  with  her  guardian,  that '  whan  she  wold  entir  religion '  he 
should  give  her  '  xx.  marke  into  subsidie '.  In  place  of  payments 
in  money  we  find  a  great  variety  of  equivalents.  In  some  cases  the 
relatives  provided  for  the  nun,  by  bestowing  on  Godstow  a  pension 
from  a  church  in  the  patronage  of  the  family,  with  the  reversion  of 
the  patronage.  Dantesborne  church,  Gloucestershire,  was  given 
(*54-5)  by  the  Bloets  because  they  had  'sette  there  her  sistur  to 
serue  God  and  seint  lohn '.  A  deed  printed  in  Monasticon,  iv.  365, 
shows  that  the  occasion  of  Simon  of  Wahel's  gift  (878  §  14)  of 


xxvi  Nuns9  portions 

the  moiety  of  Pattishall  church,  Northamptonshire,  was  the  sending 
of  his  two  daughters  Mary  and  Cicely  to  be  nuns  at  Godstow  at  the 
time  of  the  foundation  (4).  In  1214  (ibid.)  Bishop  Hugh  of  Wells 
ordained  in  Pattishall  church  a  perpetual  vicarage,  of  which  Godstow 
was  to  have  the  patronage  and,  of  course,  its  own  half  of  the 
rectorial  revenue.  In  1540  (ibid.  p.  376)  Godstow  drew  £5  65.  Sd. 
from  Pattishall  rectory,  out  of  which  it  had  to  pay  £i  to  the  deacon 
who  served  in  the  church.  Rent-charges  were  a  common  provision 
for  ladies  taking  the  veil.  We  have  '  ii.  shelyngworthe  of  rent '  in 
Tormarton,  Gloucestershire,  as  the  portion  (193)  of  Alice  of  Muton; 
a  rent-charge  on  a  mill,  as  the  portion  (863)  of  a  daughter  of  Peter 
of  Brimelingham  ;  and  '  one  marke  of  rente  in  Oxenforde '  brought 
(517—19)  by  Maud  Durand,  widow,  when  she  'toke  the  habit  of 
religion*.  Most  frequent  of  all  are  grants  of  houses  and  land. 
When  the  wife  of  the  squire  of  Seckworth  took  the  veil,  she 
brought  (25)  to  the  convent  a  meadow  and  the  tithe  of  her  husband's 
two  mills.  'The  isle*  at  Godstow  itself  came  (767)  with  Agas  of 
Euerci.  Middle-ei,  a  meadow  at  Wytham,  was  acquired  (32)  with 
three  daughters  of  the  lord  of  Wytham,  and  other  five  acres  of 
meadow  with  their  two  nieces.  The  meadow  at  Petham  (864)  came 
with  a  daughter  of  Alan  of  Leigh.  Hugh  of  Great  Tew  gave 
(513-14)  *  ix.  shillings-worth '  of  land,  in  Oxford,  with  his  daughter. 
At  Winchester,  Godstow  got  land  and  houses  as  the  dower  (236) 
of  Robert  of  Meisi's  daughter,  and  a  rent-charge  (237)  as  that  of 
Odelena  St.  Quintin.  Lands  at  Bletchingdon,  Oxfordshire,  were 
the  portions  of  two  daughters  (291)  of  Roger  of  St.  Amaury ;  of 
a  daughter  (290)  of  Walter  of  Perry;  and  (292-3)  of  a  daughter 
of  Robert  son  of  Nigel.  Lands  in  Gloucestershire  came  through 
Isabel  of  Bourton  (144)  and  Agatha  of  Teyden  (187).  In  Wiltshire 
Godstow  acquired  property  with  Alice  of  Venuj  (202)  and  with 
Rohaye  la  baanc  and  her  daughter  Cecily  (232).  In  All  Saints 
parish,  Oxford,  '  one  selde,  with  a  stalle  afore  and  a  celere  undir ' 
provided  for  Mariote  Hore  (560).  Ralph  Chendut  took  something 
off  the  price  (76)  which  Godstow  paid  for  ( the  land  called  Anfric ' 
in  Buckinghamshire  in  consideration  of  Godstow's  making  his 
Bister-in-law  Kate  'mynchon  in  the  monasteri  of  Godstowe  with 
the  costys  of  the  hows '. 


Special  foundations  at  Oodstow — Corrodies    xxvii 

Special  foundations  at  Godstow. 

This  seems  a  suitable  place  to  bring  together  some  notices  of 
matters  connected  with  Godstow,  which  are  of  no  value  when  they 
are  scattered  about  in  the  separate  deeds,  but  when  collected  into 
one  place  explain  some  features  of  conventual  life — viz.  the 
corrodies,  the  obits,  the  chantries :  to  which  may  be  added  a  few 
special  benefactions. 

Corrodies  at  Godstow. 

We  have  several  instances  of  corrodies,  that  is,  of  grants  of  board 
and  lodging  for  life-term  by  the  abbey  in  return  for  the  surrender 
of  the  applicant's  estate  to  the  convent.  There  were  two  grades  of 
corrody,  one  giving  the  status,  dress,  and  food  of  a  nun,  the  other 
the  place  and  allowances  of  a  servant.  On  surrender  (652)  by 
Alice  Southam  of  her  property  in  St.  Mary's  parish,  Oxford, 
Godstow  gave  her  *  a  corodye  of  i  mynchon  for  euer  in  the  abbey  of 
Godestowe '.  Stephen,  son  of  Warin  the  miller  (530),  conveyed  his 
Oxford  property  to  Godstow,  on  the  abbey  undertaking  to  pay  his 
debts,  and  granting  'to  hym  and  to  his  wyf  Molde,  with  ther 
seruant  to  serve  them  while  they  lived,  two  corrodies  of  ii. 
mynchons,  and  a  corrodye  of  one  seruant  to  ther  susteynynge '. 
Part  of  the  buildings  at  Godstow  (possibly  The  Guesten  Hall: 
p.  xxii)  may  have  been  set  aside  to  provide  rooms  for  women  and 
aged  men  admitted  on  this  footing.  Alison  of  Walton,  on  surrender 
(608)  of  meadow-land,  was  granted  '  to  the  terme  of  her  lyf  i 
chambre  to  dwelle  in,  the  which  John  masun  first  enhabited  in '. 
The  corrody  granted  to  servants  sometimes  provided  for  continuance 
of  service  to  the  abbey.  Ralph  ben,  of  Bloxham,  surrendered  his 
lands  and  divested  himself  of  power  to  make  a  will,  obtaining  (314) 
in  return  a  grant  of  *  mete  and  drynke  as  longe  as  he  leuyd  in  her 
hows  of  Godestowe,  or  where  so  euer  he  were,  in  there  fre  service, 
also  halfe  a  marke  of  syluer  yerly ',  on  condition  of  never  being 
'  convicte  uppon  ony  cryme  or  trespas '.  Richard  Grene,  of 
Cassington,  surrendered  (420)  his  lands  in  return  for  'the  seruyce 
under  the  porter  for  ever  at  the  yate  of  Godestowe,  and  i  half  mark 
in  the  name  of  his  wagis  yerely  '. 


C    2 


xxviii     Corrodies  and  their  analogues — Anniversaries 


Corrodies  and  their  analogues. 

Such  corrodies  by  a  religious  house  had  their  counterpart  in  like 
grants  of  maintenance  for  life-term  made  by  private  persons  in 
return  for  surrender  of  lands.  At  Meysey-Hampton  Robert  Senle 
and  his  wife  Isabel  sold  (181)  their  lands  to  one  John,  promising 
as  part  payment  'to  the  same  John  resonable  necessaries  of  the 
frutes  of  the  said  lond  al  so  longe  as  he  lived,  in  metis  and  drynkes 
and  in  howses  of  the  forsaid  lond'.  Similarly,  Hugh  paumer, 
taking  over  (531)  the  Oxford  property  of  Agnes  Aunfrey,  promises 
to  '  fynde  the  forsaid  Anneys  worshipfully,  al  so  longe  as  she  lived, 
in  vitaile,  clothyng,  and  shoyng,  and  in  all  other  necessaries,  so 
that  the  forsaid  Anneys  shold  redely  serve  the  forsaid  Hugh,  as 
she  did  afore,  tille  she  willed  to  translate  herself  into  religion '. 

We  find  also  lands  conveyed  both  to  Godstow  and  to  individuals, 
subject  to  life-grants  to  the  seller.  Cecilia  Perle  surrendered 
(700)  to  Godstow  her  interest  in  certain  lands,  on  condition  that 
the  convent  gave  her  '  every  yere,  al  so  longe  as  she  lived,  iii.  marke 
of  siluer  [£2]  and  one  lyverey  of  ther  house  of  charite  to  be  take '. 
To  the  purchase-money  of  lands  which  he  sold  (3.52)  in  Cassington, 
John  of  Wotton  added  that  for  his  lifetime  he  should  receive  yearly 
'  i  paire  hosen  of  the  price  of  ii.  shillings  at  Mighelmasse '.  Alice 
Fitchet  selling  land  (618)  to  Hugh  of  Walton  asked  £i  down,  an 
annuity  to  herself  of  is.,  and  a  quit-rent  to  herself  and  her  heirs  of 
2d.  a  year. 

Obits,  or  anniversaries,  at  Godstow. 

A  very  frequent  bequest  was  for  the  endowment  of  an  inter- 
cessory service  for  the  testator's  soul  on  each  anniversary  of  his 
decease.  In  addition,  that  the  nuns  might  have  a  personal  interest 
in  the  service,  a  '  pittance '  was  provided  for  on  that  day,  that  is, 
an  allowance  to  better  the  fare  of  the  community  at  dinner  in  the 
dining-hall. 

The  obits,  of  which  we  have  notice  at  Godstow,  are  twenty-four 
in  number. 

Of  those  which  were  still  observed  at  the  dissolution  in  1540 
(Monast.  iv.  370-5),  we  may  distinguish  the  following  sets,  according 
to  the  nearer  or  remoter  connexion  of  the  founder  with  Godstow. 


A  nniversaries  xxix 

(A)  Obits  founded  by  members  of  the  community.     Mabel  Wafre, 
abbess,  made  provision  for  her  own  obit  (659,  660),  by  a  charge 
on  property  in  Oxford.     The  deeds  about  the  purchase  of  lands  at 
Great  Tew  give  a  great  many  particulars  about  the  property,  but 
the  most  important  deed,  which  specified  the  donor  of  the  money 
and  the  purpose  she  intended  the  estate  for,  is  missing.     We  learn, 
however,  from  Monast.  iv.  372,  that  the  donor  was  Margery  Dyne, 
abbess,  who  thus  provided  for  the  commemoration  of  herself,  of 
prioress  Laura  de  Hakynton,  a  benefactress  (p.  xxv),  and  of  two 
benefactors,   John    Trulowe   and    John   Walweyn   (possibly  John 
Trillawe  and  John  of  Bloxham),  of  the  Great  Tew  deeds  (740-63). 
In  the  same  way  the  voluminous  Cassington  deeds  are  yet  without 
the  deed  which  contained  the  information  that  part  of  the  purchase- 
money  was  provided  by  Isold  of  Derham,  abbess,  to  endow  an 
anniversary  for  herself  (Monast.  iv.  372). 

(B)  Obits  founded  by  former  officers  or  servants  of  the  community. 
Here,  we  have  to  bring  in  the  obit  of  Gilbert  of  Biham  (373,  376), 
chaplain  of  Godstow  and  incumbent,  on  Godstow's  presentation 
(788),  of  the  church  of  Lamyat.     Also,  the  obit  of  William,  called 
variously    '  master '   or   '  keeper '    (magister,   custos)   of    Godstow 
(374-5),  whose  office  would  be  'master  of  the  chapel',  i.e.  priest 
in  chief  charge  of  the  services  of  the  conventual  church.     John, 
the  baker  (pistor)  of  Godstow,  provided  an  obit  for  himself  (421), 
by  a  charge  on  lands  in  Cassington. 

(C)  Of  obits   founded   by   outsiders,  we   naturally  find    some 
established  by  Oxford  residents,  Maud  Halegod  (677)  and  Maud 
Perle  (699).    But  there  are  several  whose  founders  have  no  special 
connexion   with   Godstow,   that    can    now   be   discovered.      Ela, 
Countess  of  Warwick,  founded  an  obit  (Monast.  iv.  371),  but  the 
deed  of  foundation  is  missing.     Pain  of  Chaworth  gave  a  rent- 
charge  (139)  in  Dorsetshire  to  provide  obits  for  his  mother  and 
his  mother  s  mother.     Wido  of  St.  Valerie,  by  a  rent-charge  at 
Knighton,  Berkshire,   endowed  (16-18)  an   obit   for  his   father. 
Other  endowments  of  obits  were  by  Simon  Lovel,  by  land  at  Ufcot 
(845)  in  Wiltshire;  by  Kalph  Harang,  by  rent-charge  at  Bozeat 
(249-52)  in  Northamptonshire  ;  by  Roger  of  Writele,  by  lands  at 
Broad  Blunsdon  (809-10)  in  Wiltshire.    The  obit  of  John  Veiscele 
(misgiven  as  John  de  la  Westle  in  Monast.  iv.  372)  was  signalized 
(475)  by  the  requirement  '  of  charite  euery  yere,  in  the  day  of  his 


xxx  Anniversaries — Chantries 


annyuersary,  to  fede  xiii.  poore  men',  and  endowed  by  a  rent- 
charge  on  lands  in  Ledwell  in  Oxfordshire. 

(D)  One  obit  came  to  Godstow  as  rector  of  one  of  its  churches. 
Adam,  son  of  Walder,  of  Wy combe,  Buckinghamshire,  when  found- 
ing an  obit  for  himself  in  Wycombe  church  made  provision  (101-2) 
for  its  occasional  observance  at  Godstow. 

Of  some  few  obits  we  have  what  appear  to  be  the  foundation- 
deeds,  but  there  is  no  mention  of  their  observance  at  the  dissolution. 
Agas  Pille  gave  a  rent-charge  in  Holy  well,  Oxford,  to  provide  (635) 
a  pittance  on  her  anniversary.  Henry,  son  of  Ailwy,  gave  a  rent- 
charge  (244)  in  London,  for  a  similar  purpose.  Another  was 
founded  by  Muriella  Eohun  (859) ;  and  Thurstan  Despencer,  in 
1234,  endowed  an  obit  for  his  father  Almaric  and  another  for  his 
son  Almaric  (860,  865). 

Chantries  at,  or  in  the  patronage  of,  Godstow. 

The  chantries  were  fewer  in  number,  but  of  much  greater 
importance.  Here  the  testator  gave  property  enough  to  provide 
for  the  maintenance  of  daily  services  for  ever,  in  intercession  for 
certain  specified  souls. 

In  1275  Thomas  of  Sanford,  or  Stanford  (for  both  spellings  are 
given),  gave  property  in  St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxford,  to  provide  (595) 
for  '  the  susteynyng  of  the  masse  of  oure  ladye  seynt  Marye  at  the 
auter  of  the  blissid  virgyne  in  the  monastery  of  Godestowe  every 
day  to  be  sunge',  for  the  souls  of  himself,  his  kindred,  and  his 
benefactors. 

Ela,  Countess  of  Warwick,  who  died  1297,  was  commemorated 
(Monast.  iv.  370)  by  two  chaplains  saying  mass  in  Godstow  chapel 
daily  for  her  soul,  but  the  deed  founding  this  chantry  is  missing. 

The  chief  chantry  of  which  these  deeds  contain  notice  was  that 
instituted  to  say  daily  offices  for  the  souls  of  Adam,  son  of  Walder, 
of  Adam's  wife,  and  of  Walder  and  his  wife,  in  "Wycombe  church, 
which  brought  to  Godstow  considerable  property  in  that  parish. 
The  two  deeds  (101-2)  connected  with  that  foundation  are  full 
of  information  about  the  nature  and  intention  of  such  chantry 
services. 

In  another  Godstow  church,  that  of  Great  Tew,  there  was  an 
endowed  chantry,  of  which  we  have  a  slight  notice  (246-8). 


Commemoration — Special  gifts  to  Godstow      xxxi 

Commemoration  of  benefactors. 

Many  benefactors,  instead  of  instituting  a  chantry,  asked  for  per- 
petual mention  in  the  ordinary  services  of  Godstow  church.  This 
was  done  (809),  e.  g.  by  Roger  of  Writele,  who  gave  lands  on  condi- 
tion that '  the  foreseyde  abbas  and  mynchons  receyvyd  specially  hys 
sowle,  and  the  sowlysof  Anneys  and  of  Isabel  his  wyfys,  (his)  fadurs 
and  modurs  sowlys,  and  of  all  his  benefeturs,  in  all  her  suffrages, 
prayers,  alinys,  and  vigils  for  euyr '.  A  like  request  was  made  by 
Joan  of  Turvile,  for  her  grant  (24)  at  North  Moreton,  Berkshire  ; 
by  William  Bucktot,  for  a  benefaction  (106)  in  Wycombe ;  and  by 
William  son  of  Peter  of  Kersynton,  for  lands  (409)  in  Cassington. 

This  commemoration  in  the  prayers  of  the  convent  is  sometimes 
demanded  by  a  feudal  superior,  in  recompense  of  withdrawing  an 
action  to  enforce  some  feudal  right,  or  otherwise  surrendering  such 
right  (e.g.  103,  152,  238).  The  chief  example  is  concerned  with 
the  obligation  of  Godstow,  as  owners  of  Watereaton  manor,  to  pay 
suit  to  the  Court  of  High  worth  (or  la  Stapel)  hundred.  One  deed 
(853),  in  which  the  owner  of  the  hundred  court  surrenders  his 
claim  for  a  substantial  sum  of  money,  was  perhaps  a  bargain 
cancelled  by  another  deed  (854),  in  which  he  concludes,  not  for 
money,  but  for  mention  in  the  conventual  prayers. 

S2>ecial  gifts  to  Godstow. 

There  is  mention  (91)  of  a  gift  of  cakes  on  St.  James's  day 
(July  25),  of  the  donor  of  which  we  have  no  notice,  nor  any  reason 
why  the  day  and  saint  should  have  special  distinction  at  Godstow. 
The  provision  (659-60)  for  the  better  keeping  of  St.  Margaret's 
day  (July  20)  was  very  meet  for  the  honour  of  the  patroness 
(Wood's  City  of  Oxford,  i.  329,  ii.  43)  of  Binsey,  where  Edyve  had 
waited  (no.  2)  for  the  token  which  directed  her  to  Godstow. 
June  24,  the  Nativity  of  St.  John  Baptist,  the  patron  saint  of 
Godstow,  had,  by  gift  of  a  countess  of  Clare,  an  endowment  (737—8) 
to  provide  wine,  a  mark  of  honour  not  altogether  appropriate  to 
a  saint  who  '  came  neither  eating  nor  drinking '. 

A  very  quaint  gift  (862)  is  that  of  Margery  Cressy,  widow,  who 
bestowed  five  '  cartlode  of  aldur ',  yearly,  in  the  first  fortnight  of 
October,  that  the  nuns  might  '  drye  their  heryng  '. 


xxxii     Special  gifts  to  Godstow — Estates  of  Qodstow 

The  endowments  (105,  139,  556,  644)  made  for  the  homely 
purpose  of  providing  clothing  for  the  nuns,  bear  out  the  contention 
of  some  early  deeds  (493)  that  the  nunnery  was  poor. 

'  Pittances,'  payments  to  provide  a  better  table  on  a  given  day, 
were  generally  bargained  for  by  the  founders  of  obits  (373-5,  809, 
845,  859).  The  convent,  also,  out  of  its  savings,  with  the  consent 
of  the  bishop,  bought  land  (366)  to  amend  its  poor  fare.  One 
benefaction  (250)  made  very  special  provision  for  the  severe 
season  of  Lent. 

Estates  of  Godstow. 

Two  questions  present  themselves.  How  large  were  the  estates  ? 
and  how  acquired  ? 

In  1291,  by  order  of  Pope  Nicholas  IV,  a  survey  was  made  of 
the  annual  revenues  of  English  churches.  Godstow  was  then,  after 
a  century  and  a  half  of  getting  (1139-1291),  put  down  as  worth 
yearly  £128  35.  8%d.  The  odd  halfpenny  testifies  to  the  minute- 
ness of  the  survey,  and  recalls  the  English  grumble  about  Norman 
William  that  his  Domesday  survey  left  not  out  one  pig.  More  than 
two  centuries  and  a  half  later,  1535  (26  Henry  VIII),  the  king, 
having  in  his  mind  the  confiscation  of  the  savings  of  the  piety  of 
five  centuries,  ordered  a  similar  survey.  Godstow  estates  (Monast. 
iv.  360)  were,  after  deducting  fixed  charges,  valued  at  £258  105. 
6^d.  yearly.  Making  full  allowance  for  the  much  greater  pur- 
chasing power  of  money,  this  is  clearly  no  extravagant  sum  for  the 
maintenance  of  abbess  and  twenty-four  nuns;  for  the  salaries  of 
the  chaplains  who  served  the  conventual  church,  and  of  the  officers 
who  managed  the  estates ;  for  the  repairs  of  the  buildings ;  for  the 
wages  of  porter,  under-porter,  and  other  servants ;  and  for  the 
hospitalities  and  almsgivings  of  a  religious  house. 

This  conclusion,  arrived  at  on  general  grounds,  is  confirmed  by 
a  detailed  perusal  of  the  deeds  in  the  Kegister.  Godstow  at  no  time 
received  any  great  benefaction.  Even  where  much  land  appears  to 
be  given,  the  land  was  really  held  by  freeholders  or  by  copyholders 
at  certain  fixed  rents,  and  yielded  to  the  convent,  the  nominal  owner, 
only  a  small  annual  income. 

The  deeds,  as  we  have  them,  do  not  permit  of  anything  like 
a  full  history  of  Godstow  lands.  There  are  obvious  gaps  in  them. 
Properties  are  mentioned  as  belonging  to  Godstow,  of  whose 


Estates  of  Godstow  xxxiii 

acquisition  there  is  no  trace.  Other  properties  are  mentioned  once, 
and  never  again,  but  there  is  no  record  of  alienation.  Taking  the 
deeds  as  a  whole  they  stop  short  on  some  estates  by  a  century,  on 
others  by  a  century  and  a  half,  of  the  dissolution.  At  the  same 
time,  the  general  result  is  to  confirm  the  popular  opinion  of  the 
tenacity  with  which  a  religious  house  retained  its  property.  Most 
of  the  holdings  mentioned  as  belonging  to  Godstow  in  1139,  1145, 
1156,  1165,  1182,  1192,  can  be  traced  in  the  1535  and  1540 
surveys,  and  in  the  case  of  some  others,  the  reason  for  their  absence 
can  be  assigned. 

As  regards  the  means  by  which  the  estates  were  acquired,  we 
have  only  indirect  evidence,  but  when  the  several  items  are  put 
together,  that  evidence  is  by  no  means  obscure. 

There  is  only  one  frank  statement  of  an  increase  of  property, 
made  from  mere  sympathy  with  the  nuns.  Property  at  Gloucester 
is  said  (177)  to  have  been  bought  with  '  fowre  and  twenty  marke  of 
syluer'  (£16),  the  gift  of  a  no wble- woman,  dame  royse  la  moyne 
i-callyd,  to  the  more  plentyfull  susteynyng  of  the  sayde  monastery 
in  tyme  comyng '.  Almost  all  other  considerable  gifts  are  subject 
to  some  burden  of  maintenance  of  ladies  taking  the  veil  (p.  xxv),  or 
of  providing  chaplains  to  say  masses  for  the  souls  of  the  donors 
(pp.  xxviii>  xxx),  leaving  only  a  small  margin  of  profit  to  the  convent. 

Points  of  connexion  with  English  history. 
It  is  a  common  experience  with  people  who  have  gone  through 
a  long  series  of  documents  connected  with  property  that  they  have, 
at  the  end  of  their  search,  hardly  any  references  to  public  events. 
This  is  not  the  case  with  these  Godstow  deeds.  Allusions  to  con- 
temporary events,  if  slight  and  indirect,  are  at  least  numerous,  and 
capable  of  being  arranged  in  a  sort  of  narrative. 

The  Norman  conquest. 

The  Norman  conquest  overwhelmed  England  by  a  ruling  caste 
of  foreigners,  and  it  was  long  before  the  native  stock  reasserted 
itself.  The  foundation  of  Godstow  stands  near  enough  to  the 
conquest  to  have  some  reflection  of  this  state  of  affairs  in  the 
Register.  In  the  earliest  of  the  deeds  we  find  Norman  sovereigns 
and  barons  speaking  of  the  French  element  as  of  first  importance 
in  England.  The  Empress  Maud,  and  her  son  Henry  II,  make 


xxxiv  The  Norman  conquest — Scutage 

known  their  pleasure  (nos.  87,  718,  874^6,  879)  to  their  'trew 
men,  Frenssh  and  Englissh,  of  all  Englond'.  So  also  Herebert 
of  St.  Quintin  (237)  and  Bernard  of  St.  Valerie  (5).  Some- 
what later,  the  balance  seems  turned,  and  the  natives  have  at 
least  verbal  precedence.  About  1190,  Henry  Doylly,  Lord 
Constable,  addresses  himself  (520)  HO  all  his  men  and  frendes, 
Englissh  and  Frenssh '. 

The  Norman  civil  war. 

The  changing  fortunes  of  the  war  of  the  Norman  succession  are 
seen  in  the  calculated  fickleness  with  which  Godstow  assigns  the 
credit  of  its  earliest  privileges  and  properties,  first  (no.  4),  to 
Stephen,  1139;  then  (718,  874—6),  to  Maud,  lady  of  England, 
1141-4;  and  finally  (878),  to  Maud  and  Henry  II,  1156.  The 
slackening  of  the  bonds  of  feudal  society  by  the  war  may  be 
guessed  from  Henry  IPs  order,  1160,  empowering  (882)  Godstow 
to  seek  out  and  retake  possession  of  those  of  its  serfs  who  had 
escaped  from  its  control  since  Henry  I's  death  in  1135. 

Henry  ITs  reign. 

Henry  U's  land-tax,  imposed  in  1159  in  lieu  of  personal  dis- 
charge -by  landowners  of  their  feudal  obligation  to  military  service, 
long  cast  its  shadow  over  Godstow  tenures.  It  was  clearly  re- 
garded as  a  new  thing,  whose  scope  was  not  fully  understood,  and 
whose  results  might  prove  over-burdensome.  Accordingly,  land- 
owners, in  parting  with  even  small  portions  of  their  property, 
habitually  stipulated  that  those  portions  should  pay  their  full  share 
of  scutage  when  the  king  demanded  it.  A  strip  of  land  at 
Bletchingdon  was  granted  (300)  subject  to  a  yearly  quit-rent  of  2d. 
in  lieu  of  all  claims  '  savynge  the  outward  seruice,  that  is  to  sey, 
id.  whenne  the  scuage  rennythe  or  happenyth*.  When  Godstow, 
about  1280,  bought  three  virgates  at  Cassington,  the  vendor  bar- 
gained (405)  that  Godstow  should  do  '  for  the  forsaid  iii.  yerd- 
londis  foreyn  service,  that  is  to  sey,  scuage  as  moche  as  longeth  to 
be  do  for  iii  yerde-londes,  after  more  or  lesse,  whan  that  scuage 
happenyth  to  rynne  in  the  reame  of  Englond '.  At  Thrupp,  about 
1250,  we  have  (384)  the  reservation  'sauyng  the  kyngis  seruyce, 
that  is  to  sey,  whan  that  he  axeth  generall  scuage  of  Englond '. 
Elena,  Lady  Zouche  of  Ashby,  displays  exceptional  generosity,  in 


Scutage — Odd  dates — Fair  Rosamond         xxxv 

1279,  expressly  declaring  (276)  her  grant  of  land  to  be  '  free  and 
quiet  of  scuage '.  As  late  as  1314,  in  an  agreement  (429)  with 
Sir  Michael  of  Meledon,  Godstow  acknowledged  liability  for  '  the 
seruyce  of  ii.  partis  of  one  knyght's  fee,  that  is  to  sey,  whan  the 
ecuage  rynneth  to  xls.,  ii.  mark  [=  £i  6s.  8d.],  and  to  more,  more, 
and  to  lasse,  lasse '. 

Odd  dates. 

To  Henry  II's  reign  belonged  the  practice  of  dating  by  reference 
to  a  particular  past  event,  as  is  witnessed  by  the  series  of  the 
earliest  fines,  July,  1175-8.  In  the  Godstow  deeds,  Henry  II's 
struggle  with  Becket  is  commemorated  by  two  such  dates.  About 
1168,  at  Empshott,  Hampshire,  an  acknowledgement  (203)  of  a 
debt  has  this  for  its  mark  of  time  : — '  The  forsaid  William  borowed 
the  forsaid  iiii.  mark,  the  same  yere  that  the  strif  was  bitwene 
kyng  Henry  the  second  and  the  cardenales  that  were  I-sent  fro 
Rome  to  reconsile  Thomas  the  archebisshope  with  the  forsaide  kyng/ 
An  Oxford  lease  (572)  is  dated  as  'the  xxxv.  yere  fro  the  deth  of 
seynt  Thomas  of  Caunterbury  I-begunneJ,  i.e.  1205,  Becket's 
murder  being  Dec.  29,  1170.  It  must,  however,  be  noted  that  in 
the  original  Latin  the  years  are  somewhat  obscurely  expressed, 
viz.  xx|xv  which  may  be  xx  corrected  to  xv,  and  not  xxxv  as  the 
translator  has  taken  it.  '  xv  years'  would  be  1185.  Another 
of  Henry  II's  troubles,  the  insurrection  of  Robert  de  Beaumont, 
3rd  earl  of  Leicester,  is  mentioned  in  a  Bloxham  deed  (313), 
whose  one  mark  of  time  is  '  post  decessum  exercitus  Leicestrie '. 
In  the  pipe-roll  of  19  Henry  II,  pp.  58,  107,  173,  178,  payments 
are  found  for  the  army  which  Richard  de  Lucy  and  earl  Reginald 
of  Cornwall  took  to  besiege  Leicester  in  July,  1173.  The  Bloxham 
deed  would  therefore  be  of  1174.  I  have  to  thank  Dr.  R.  L.  Poole 
for  giving  me  the  clue  to  this  system  of  dating,  and  keeping  me 
clear  of  erroneous  guesses. 

Fair  Rosamond. 

Popularly,  Godstow  was  known  chiefly  as  the  retreat  and  burial- 
place  of  Henry  II's  leman,  Rosamond  Clifford.  Her  history,  long 
a  favourite  theme  of  ballad-singer,  story-teller,  chronicler,  and 
black-letter  moralist  (Wood's  Life  and  Times,  i.  341-3),  has  now 
obtained  an  assured  place  in  letters  through  Tennyson's  A  Dream 
of  Fair  Women.  We  find  her  father  (nos.  156,  200)  bestowing 


xxxvi  Fair  Rosamond — Re-foundation 

property  for  the  health  of  her  soul,  about  1180  ;  and  her  brother 
(158)  enlarging  this  gift,  about  1190.  It  is  possible  that  Henry 
II's  re-foundation  of  the  nunnery  under  the  direct  patronage  of 
the  Crown  and  the  grant  of  his  third  charter  may  be  due  to  the 
shelter  it  gave,  in  life  and  death,  to  Fair  Rosamond. 

Re-foundation. 

When  first  founded  in  Henry  I's  time,  Godstow  was  built  on 
a  site  (3,  4)  bought  from,  or  given  by,  John  of  St.  John,  lord  of 
Wolvercote  and  Stahtonj  who  retained  for  himself  and  his  heirs 
both  the  patronship  of  the  abbey,  and  the  feudal  lordship  of 
Wolvercote  (the  vill  in  which  it  stood).  In  1180  these  rights 
rested  in  Bernard  of  St.  Valerie  by  his  marriage  with  Avoris, 
daughter  and  heiress  of  John  of  St.  John.  In  that  year,  however, 
Bernard  (5,  886,  892)  transferred  them  to  Henry  II,  by  a  ceremony 
which  I  cannot  explain,  '  of  a  silken  cloth,  whereof  was  a  chesible 
I-made '  ('  per  pannum  sericum  unde  facta  est  casula '),  '  so  that  the 
forsaid  abbey  should  be  free  for  ever,  and  [held]  in  chief  of  the 
crown,  as  ...  other  riall  abbeyes  that  ben  I-sette  in  Englond.' 
Henry  II  then  confirmed  to  Godstow  its  former  estates,  arid  added 
fresh  ones. 

Reign  of  Henry  III. 

Henry  III  made  two  expeditions  into  Gascony,  1242,  1253. 
One  or  other  of  these  got  into  the  shibboleth  of  the  law-courts  as 
a  formula  for  an  indefinite  date  in  past  time.  In  141 2,  in  a  precept 
(802)  of  Henry  IV  to  the  sheriff  of  Warwickshire,  reference  is 
made  to  a  complaint  by  the  abbess  of  Godstow  that  'Robert 
Clynton  and  John  Raves,  unrightfully  and  without  iugement, 
disseised  her  of  her  fre  tenement  in  Barton-henmersh,  aftir 
the  goyng  of  kyng  Henry  the  sone  of  kyng  John  into  Guyan'. 
The  editors  of  Dugdale's  Montisticon  (1846)  have  taken  this  as 
evidence  that  the  precept  was  of  13  Henry  III  and  so  put  the 
abbess  mentioned  in  it,  Elizabeth  Felmersham,  into  the  list  at 
1229,  nigh  two  centuries  before  her  time.  The  election,  1256,  of 
Henry  Ill's  brother,  Richard,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  to  be  King  of  the 
Romans  has  given  an  odd  date  to  one  of  his  Oxfordshire  deeds 
(361),  '  The  date  at  Bekkele,  tne  xx.  day  of  Janyvere,  the  xiii.  yere 
of  his  reigne.'  At  Henry  Ill's  death,  the  uncertainty  which  still 
attached  to  the  succession  is  seen  in  the  dating  of  a  Wiltshire 


Henry  III — The  subsidy  of  the  Holy  Land     xxxvii 

lease  (813)  of  Dec.  13,  1272,  '  in  the  day  of  seynt  Lucye,  uirgyn, 
next  after  the  dethe  of  Henry  the  son  of  kynge  John.'  Henry  III 
died  Nov.  16,  1272,  but  as  prince  Edward,  his  eldest  son,  was 
then  absent  oversea  on  the  eighth  crusade,  the  lawyer  who  drafted 
the  deed  was  too  cautious  to  commit  himself  to  any  statement  as 
to  his  accession. 

Reign  of  Edward  I. 

Edward  I  took  the  cross  a  second  time  in  1287,  but  that  crusade 
was  never  actually  begun.  It  seems,  however,  that  for  some  time 
afterwards  there  was  a  permanent,  though  possibly  a  voluntary, 
tax  in  preparation  for  it.  We  find  people  binding  themselves  to 
pay  forfeits  to  such  a  tax,  much  as  at  the  present  day  a  politician 
backs  his  opinion  by  offering  to  pay  £20  to  the  local  infirmary  if 
some  statement  of  his  can  be  shown  to  be  false.  In  1289  a  citizen 
of  Oxford  bound  himself  (651)  to  complete  a  conveyance,  under 
penalty,  if  he  neglected  to  do  so,  of  '  x.  mark  of  sterlyngis' 
(£6135.  4(£.)  'into  subsidie  of  the  Holy  Londe '.  In  1306  a 
Warwickshire  squire  pledged  himself  (80 1)  to  repayment  of  a  loan 
*  in  the  peyne  of  an  hundred  shillyngis  to  be  paid  vnto  the  sub- 
sidie of  the  Holy  Londe'.  In  1307  Godstow  bound  (562)  the 
lessee  of  one  of  its  Oxford  houses  to  keep  the  property  in  good 
repair  '  vndir  the  payne  of  x.  mark  to  be  paid  to  the  subsidie  of 
the  Holy  Lond'. 

Slight  mention  is  found  of  the  great  fraternities  established 
to  protect  pilgrims  to  Palestine.  The  Knights  Hospitallers,  or 
Knights  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem,  are  possibly  '  the  hospital  of 
Jerusalem'  which  held  (515)  land  in  Oxford  about  1160,  and  'the 
brethered  of  Jerusalem'  to  whom  a  small  rent-charge  was  be- 
queathed (807)  in  Wiltshire,  in  1284.  The  lands  of  the  Knights 
Templars  at  Cowley  near  Oxford  are  mentioned  (433-5),  and 
about  1 2 20  we  find  at  Wy combe  certain  messuages  (101)  held  by 
payment  of  a  rent-charge  of  '  xiid.  to  the  Temple '. 

Statute  of  Mortmain. 

The  three  great  legislative  acts  of  Edward  I  are  presented  to  us 
in  a  multitude  of  notices. 

In  these  deeds  we  have  a  fairly  complete  view  of  the  origin  and 
of  the  working  of  the  vaunted  Statute  of  Mortmain  of  1279,  and 


XXXV111 


Statute  of  Mortmain 


are  enabled  to  conclude  not  only  that  it  failed  to  accomplish  its 
professed  object,  but  even  that  it  was  a  great  obstacle  to  the 
natural  development  of  the  country. 

We  begin  with  the  popular  feeling  that  too  much  land  was 
passing  into  ecclesiastical  ownership.  In  grants  of  land,  or  leases, 
we  find  frequently  inserted  a  clause  forbidding  the  demise  of  the 
property  to  any  religious  house.  About  1230,  William  dyer, 
demising  land  in  Oxford  (686)  to  Robert  le  glosur,  granted  him 
leave  to  assign  it  '  out-take  to  religious  men ',  the  restriction  in 
this  case  being  the  more  singular,  because  the  feudal  superior 
was  St.  Frideswyde's  Priory.  About  1270,  Peter  of  Wilcote, 
demising  (399)  land  at  Cassington  to  his  son  Robert,  granted  him 
powers  to  assign  it  as  he  chose  '  except  to  religeous  houses ',  and 
renewed  the  limitation  when  he  confirmed  (401)  the  transference 
of  the  land  by  said  Robert  to  his  sister.  About  1270,  John 
Franklin,  of  Great  Tew,  demised  (747)  land  there  to  John  Lake 
and  his  assigns  'except  religious  men'.  In  this  notification  of 
inadmissible  tenants  or  lessees  the  religious  orders  are  not  infre- 
quently joined  with  Jews.  About  1240,  a  life-rent  (356)  of  land 
in  Cassington  concedes  to  the  life-renters  '  power  to  yeve  and  selle 
the  forsaid  tenement  to  who-so-ever  they  wold,  except  to  religious 
houses  and  to  the  lurye ',  for  any  portion  of  their  life-term.  About 
1260,  a  grant  (181)  of  land  in  Meysey-Hampton,  Gloucestershire, 
contains  permission  « to  yeve,  selle,  bequeth,  or  lay  hit  to  wedde, 
...  or  in  any  other  wise  assigne  hit,  .  .  .  out-take  hit  be  to  reli- 
gious men  or  lewis'.  Godstow  itself  is  found  going  with  the 
current.  About  1250,  Godstow  granted  a  tenement  (117)  in 
Wycombe  to  a  man  and  his  assigns,  '  excepte  howses  of  religion 
and  lewys.'  In  1265  Godstow,  granting  a  messuage  (621)  in 
St.  Giles's  parish,  to  be  held  for  ever  by  a  small  quit-rent,  pro- 
vided that  '  hit  shold  not  be  lawfull  to  the  said  John  or  to  his 
heires  to  leye  to  wedde  the  seid  mese  in  luery,  nother  to  aliene 
hit  to  ony  religious  (out-take  the  house  of  Godestowe) '.  In  the 
same  way,  we  find  provision  made  in  a  life-grant  to  a  '  secular ' 
cleric  that  the  grant  is  to  be  void  if  the  life-renter  joins  one  of  the 
'regular'  orders.  In  1272  Godstow  granted  (534)  lands  near 
Oxford  in  life-rent  to  Robert  Maynard  of  Oxford,  chaplain,  on  terms 
that  '  yf  the  said  Robert  died,  or  entred  religion,  all  the  said  lond 
shold  turne  agayn '  to  Godstow.  Here  Godstow,  a '  religious '  house  of 


Statute  of  Mortmain  xxxix 

the  Benedictine  rule,  shares  in  the  general  objection  to  a  *  religious ' 
tenant. 

The  Statute  of  Mortmain  (November,  1279),  professedly  giving 
effect  to  this  feeling,  forbade  the  transference  of  land  to  eccle- 
siastical ownership,  except  by  licence  of  the  king  and  of  the  chief 
lord  of  whom  the  land  was  held.  Inasmuch,  however,  as  these 
licences  were  never  refused,  and  inasmuch  as  neglect  to  ask 
for  them  was  condoned  by  a  fine,  the  one  effect  of  the  statute  was 
to  increase  the  expenses  of  land- transfer  by  the  costs  of  the  cum- 
brous procedure  required  under  the  statute.  The  Crown  lawyers 
and  the  engrossers  of  the  required  licences  received  increase  of 
fees ;  there  was  no  diminution  in  the  amount  of  land  which 
passed  into  'the  dead  hand'.  It  is  true  that,  in  the  case  of 
Godstow,  the  editors  of  the  1846  edition  of  the  Monasticon  say 
(iv.  358)  that  '  After  the  Statute  of  Mortmain,  the  accessions  of 
property  were,  of  course,  few  or  none';  but  this  statement  is 
merely  such  a  glib  falsehood  as  comes  handy  to  editors  who  are 
conceited  enough  to  make  statements  without  taking  trouble  to 
examine  the  facts. 

These  Godstow  documents,  in  giving  us  examples  of  the  different 
procedures  under  the  statute,  show  us  acquisitions  of  land  as  large 
and  as  constant  as  before  the  statute  was  passed. 

In  1284  Roger  of  Writele  was  ready  to  give  Godstow  one  of  the 
largest  properties  it  ever  received  at  one  time.  The  king's  licences 
were  at  once  forthcoming  (808,  836),  as  also  that  of  the  chief  lord 
(835);  and  the  transference  (809,  843)  was  effected  in  1285.  In 
1314  apparently  by  the  benefaction  (Monast.  iv.  372)  of  Margery 
Dyne,  abbess,  trustees  purchased  for  Godstow  considerable  lands 
in  Great  Tew,  and  we  have  almost  a  complete  set  (750-8)  of  the 
tedious  deeds  required  under  the  statute. 

A  sufficient  condemnation  of  the  statute  is  that  the  Crown  soon 
tired  of  issuing  licences  for  the  acquisition  of  small  portions  of  land, 
and  granted  religious  houses  general  licences  to  break  the  statute 
up  to  a  certain  point,  merely  on  reporting  the  purchase.  Thus, 
Godstow  had  licence  (897)  to  acquire,  in  spite  of  the  statute, 
lands  'to  the  valew  of  a  C.  shillings  by  yere,  after  the  verry 
valew  of  the  same ',  and  the  Great  Tew  property  was  acquired  (760) 
as  representing  415.  yearly  value  of  this  concession. 

The  insincerity  of  the  statute  is  apparent  frem  the  fact  that 


xl  Statute  of  Mortmain 

where  land  had  been  seized  by  the  king's  escheators,  as  forfeited 
because  acquired  in  defiance  of  the  statute,  the  payment  of  a  fine 
obtained  release  of  the  escheat,  and  its  conveyance  to  the  religious 
house.  In  1301  Godstow  bought  property  (179)  in  Gloucester 
from  Agnes  of  Pershore  without  observing  the  statute.  The 
property  was  then  escheated,  but  given  up  (1306)  to  the  abbey  on 
payment  of  a  fine.  Unfortunately,  neither  in  the  eases  of  the 
requirements  of  the  statute  being  observed,  nor  in  the  case  of  fine 
for  neglect  of  them,  have  we  any  indication  of  the  legal  costs. 

The  most  shameful  part  of  the  statute  was,,  that  licence  in 
mortmain  had  to  be  obtained  in  cases  of  exchanges  of  land  however 
small.  In  1314  in  the  exchange  between  Sir  William  Mountagu 
and  Godstow  of  two  acres  at  Cassington,  we  have  (425-^)  the 
necessary  set  of  licences,  in  their  wearisome  iteration.  Another 
licence  occurs  in  1321,  when  William  Burncestre  exchanged  (613) 
a  small  enclosure  in  North  Oxford  for  a  strip  of  Godstow  land. 
Even  where  all  the  lands  were  already  in  mortmain,  licences  had 
to  be  taken  out  if  an  exchange  was  desired.  In  1358  we  have 
the  agreement  (510)  by  which  Godstow  and  St.  Frideswyde's,  by 
private  arrangement,  decided  to  farm  as  if  their  own,  certain  pieces 
of  each  other's  lands,  until  they  *  myght  lawfully  opteyne  licence  of 
the  kyng  (with  commune  costes  of  them)  and  of  other  the  which 
had  to  entermete  in  that  parte  of  the  fore  eschaunge  to  be  made '. 
When  we  recall  the  intermixed  strips  in  which  land  was  held,  and 
the  utter  need  that  there  was  of  consolidation  before  the  land  could 
be  properly  worked,  it  becomes  plain  that  the  Statute  of  Mortmain 
was  not  merely  a  fraudulent  device  to  collect  fees,  but  actually 
pernicious  as  a  hindrance  to  agriculture. 

There  is  one  instance  (539)  of  the  procedure  necessary  to 
establish  title  to  lands  acquired  by  Godstow,  prior  to  the  Statute 
of  Mortmain,  when  that  title  had  been  challenged.  The  same 
deed  introduces  us  to  the  subtle  distinction  that  a  grant  of  free 
land  in  life-rent  could  not  be  made  without  taking  out  a  licence 
in  mortmain,  but  if  the  tenant  held  the  land  '  in  villenage '  for  his 
life-term  no  licence  was  required. 

The  Quia  Emptores  Statute  of  Edward  I. 
The   1290  Quia  emptores  Statute  possibly  appears  in  a  more 
favourable  light,  as  perhaps  needed,  and  as  in  a  way  effective. 


The  Quia  Emptores  Statute  xli 

Yet  even  here,  the  deeds  supply  us  with  some  reasons  for  grumbling 
at  the  statute.  In  the  theory  of  the  feudal  lawyers,  English  land 
was  a  great  rope,  composed  of  many  strands,  each  strand  con- 
sisting of  many  cords,  and  each  cord  made  up  of  many  threads. 
The  end  where  the  rope  was  undivided  was  in  the  king's  hands. 
A  little  apart  from  him  stood  the  barons,  each  holding  a  strand 
untwisted  from  the  rope :  Arundel,  Chester,  Cornwall,  Lancaster, 
are  names  which  occur  in  these  deeds.  A  stage  further  on,  stood 
lords  of  manors,  every  one  of  them  with  a  cord  untwisted  from  his 
overlord's  strand.  Further  away  still,  came  smaller  landholders 
with  filaments  and  fractions  of  filaments  subdivided  from  their 
manorial  lord's  cord.  Accordingly,  in  practice,  whenever  a  piece 
of  land  (large  or  small)  was  sold  or  otherwise  severed  from  an 
estate  (large  or  small)  the  seller  or  donor,  to  perpetuate  its  feudal 
subjection  to  his  estate,  retained  from  it,  for  himself  and  his  heirs, 
something  in  the  nature  of  a  quit-rent.  The  result  was  that  at 
each  fresh  sale,  the  land  was  burdened  with  a  fresh  quit-rent,  and 
so,  like  Goldsmith's  Traveller  'dragged  at  each  remove  a  lengthening 
chain'  of  feudal  charges.  At  Cassington,  for  example,  we  have  lands 
(352)  held  by  yearly  quit-rents  of  6d.  and  a  pair  of  gloves  to  the  chief 
lord,  and  then,  by  other  acts  of  subinfeudation,  by  5s.  to  Godstow, 
a  '  sparhawk '  to  another  mesne  lord,  and  id.  to  a  third  mesne  lord. 
It  would  appear  that  the  original  quit-rents  imposed  by  the 
chief  lords,  at  the  first  severance  of  the  lands  from  the  demesne, 
were  in  many  cases  intended  to  be  substantial  money-charges  or 
fixed  rents,  but  that  the  later,  intermediate,  quit-rents  were 
sometimes  nominal  charges,  not  intended  to  be  rigidly  collected. 
This  conclusion  is  pointed  to  both  by  the  amount  of  the  original 
quit-rents  and  the  continued  notice  which  is  taken  of  them.  Thus 
we  have  land  (576)  held  by  yearly  quit-rent  of  2s.  to  the  chief  lord^ 
but  of  only  id.  to  the  mesne  lord;  and  other  land  (581)  held  by 
yearly  quit-rent  of  4*.  to  the  chief  lord,  but  of  only  id.  to  the 
mesne  lord.  An  Oxford  shop  (557),  already  paying  quit-rents  of 
8s.  to  Oseney  abbey,  and  2s.  to  the  heirs  of  Adam  Feteplace,  when 
sold  about  1255,  was  subjected  to  a  further  quit-rent  of  id.  to  the 
seller  and  his  heirs  as  the  new  mesne  lord.  An  overlord,  granting 
confirmation  of  a  mesne  lord's  conveyance  of  land,  often  inserts 
(e.  g.  748)  a  clause  providing  for  due  payment  of  the  original  quit- 
rent  to  himself  and  his  heirs. 


xlii         The  Quia  Emptores  Statute — Quaint  tenures 

It  is  plain  that  at  one  time  the  overlord  interpreted  very 
strictly  his  superiority  over  lands  granted  out  of  his  demesne. 
Intending  purchasers  of  land  are  found  (341,  377)  bargaining 
beforehand  how  much  they  are  to  pay  for  the  overlord's  permission 
to  hold  land  '  of  his  fee '.  Godstow  often  paid  a  substantial  sum 
both  to  the  mesne  lord  for  the  purchase  of  the  land  and  to  the 
overlord  for  confirmation  of  the  under-lord's  grant  (20,  23).  An 
overlord,  confirming  the  conveyance  by  the  mesne  lord  of  his 
interest  in  the  land  to  Godstow,  is  found  (322)  bargaining  for 
commemoration  in  the  prayers  of  the  convent  as  if  he  had  given 
a  considerable  benefaction. 

There  were  frequent  misunderstandings,  disputes,  and  suits  at 
law,  as  to  whether  the  services  due  from  the  land  to  the  overlord 
were  to  be  paid  by  the  mesne  lord  who  had  parted  with  it,  or  by 
the  new  holder  (cp.  192,  220). 

A  general  cloud  of  unsettledness  hung  over  lands,  lest  at  any  time, 
like  Shylock  with  his  pound  of  flesh,  some  overlord  or  mesne  lord 
might  attempt  to  resume  possession  of  the  land,  on  the  ground 
that  some  of  its  numerous  petty  services  had  been  neglected.  We 
have  one  instance  of  Godstow  thus  re-entering,  in  virtue  of  a  legal 
decision,  into  property  which  had  been  granted  out  to  be  held  by 
quit-rent  (682). 

The  1290  statute  Quia  emptores,  by  directing  that  land  sold 
was  henceforth  to  be  held  not  of  the  mesne  lord  but  of  the  chief 
lord,  may  have  given  a  sense  of  security  of  possession  which  had 
hitherto  been  impossible. 

Quaint  tenures. 

So  much  of  Godstow  land  was  acquired  before  the  Quia  emptores 
statute,  that  we  have  abundant  material  from  which  to  illustrate 
the  artificial  tenures  by  which  subinfeudation  took  place. 

In  some  cases  feudal  superiority  was  retained  by  a  small  yearly 
quit-rent  in  money.  We  have  %d.,  payable  at  Easter,  as  a  quit- 
rent  at  Great  Tew  (746);  %d.,  payable  at  Christmas,  also  at  Great 
Tew  (744);  very  commonly,  id.,  e.g.  payable  at  Easter  by  land  in 
St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxford  (581),  and  again,  payable  at  Michaelmas, 
by  property  in  Wycombe  (128).  Very  common  also  is  a  quit-rent 
of  2(1.,  e.  g.  payable  at  Michaelmas  by  land  at  Cassington  (333). 
The  most  ingenious  of  these  money  quit-rents  is  that  imposed, 


Quaint  tenures  xliii 

about  1230,  on  meadow  (606)  near  Oxford,  which  was  to  be  held 
by  yearly  payment  of  one  shilling,  one  penny,  one  halfpenny,  one 
farthing.  A  quit-rent  of  this  sort  was  often  jealously  exacted,  because 
of  the  rights  of  possible  reversion  which  it  retained.  Accordingly, 
we  find  (129)  a  solemn  conveyance,  as  of  something  of  real  impor- 
tance, of  the  yearly  quit-rent  of  id.}  and  of  the  casualties  which  might 
accrue  to  the  holder  of  it  as  feudal  superior. 

Very  frequently  the  quit-rent  was  a  small  payment  in  kind. 

The  proverbial  '  peppercorn  rent '  of  modern  parlance  occurs  in 
St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxford,  where  a  rent-charge  (589)  yielded  to 
its  overlord  '  one  corne  of  grayne  of  pepir  in  the  fest  of  our  lordis 
birthe  for  all  seculer  services,  customes  and  demaundes '.  Tenure 
by  yearly  payment  of  i  Ib.  of  pepper  occurs  about  a  dozen  times. 
At  Little  Kissington,  Gloucestershire,  a  yardland  (190)  was  held 
by  yearly  payment  of  '  i  Ib.  of  pepir  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Thomas  the 
appostle  for  all  servyce,  exaccion,  sute,  custome,  and  demaunde'. 
So  also  at  Bozeat,  Northamptonshire  (249),  and  at  Cassington 
near  Oxford  (429).  In  some  deeds  the  option  is  given  of  the 
pepper  or  of  a  money  quit-rent.  At  Fencot,  Oxfordshire,  we  have 
a  grant  of  lands  to  be  held  (446)  '  for  i  li.  of  peper  (or  vie?.,  after 
the  wille  of  the  same  Gefrei,  his  heires,  or  of  ony  of  his  assinis) ',  at 
Michaelmas,  'for  alle  seruice  and  exaccion/  In  1540  (Monast.  iv. 
372)  the  £um  of  2s.  had  become  the  recognized  commutation- value 
of  these  'Ib.  of  pepper'  quit-rents.  In  one  deed  (523),  the  grant 
to  Godstow  of  a  Ib.  of  pepper  quit-rent  is  treated  as  a  substantial 
benefaction,  entitling  the  donor  to  commemoration  in  the  prayers 
of  the  convent.  This,  of  course,  was  because  the  ownership  of  the 
quit-rent  implied  legal  right  to  the  reversion  of  the  lands  held  by 
that  tenure. 

Cumin  was  another  favourite  spice,  and  was  frequently  pressed 
into  service  as  a  tenure.  Ely  of  Maundeville,  selling  at  10  years' 
purchase  a  rent-charge  (829)  in  Wiltshire,  retained  his  lordship 
over  it  'by  half  a  li.  of  comin  for  all  exaccion  and  seculer 
demaunde,  at  Estur '.  The  commonest  tenure  is  by  '  i  Ib.  of 
comin ',  e.  g.  payable  at  Michaelmas,  by  land  (448)  at  Fencot.  We 
find  it  in  combination  with  other  quit-rents.  Thus,  in  Wiltshire, 
the  grant  of  a  half-yardland  (841)  was  subjected  to  quit-rents  of 
a  halfpenny  of  silver  and  i  Ib.  of  cumin  at  Michaelmas.  St. 
Oswald's  Priory,  Gloucester,  held  some  Godstow  property  in  that 

d  2 


Quaint  tenures 

city,  by  quit-rent  (166)  of  '  2  shillings  of  sterlynges  and  i  li.  of 
comyn  at  the  feste  of  seynte  Hillary'  (Jan.  14).  Property  (837) 
in  Wiltshire  was  held  of  the  chief  lord  by  '  i  paire  of  spurres  gilte 
(or  vie?,  of  siluir)  at  Estur,  and  at  Mihelmas  i  Ib.  of  comyn  for  all 
sendees'.  In  1540  4$.  was  the  recognized  commutation-money 
for  the  Ib.  of  cumin  (Monast.  iv.  373). 

Much  the  most  common  of  these  spice  tenures  is  that  by  a  single 
grain  of  clove,  whose  old  name  '  clove  gillyflower '  in  its  great 
variety  of  spellings  quaintly  disguises  its  Greek  original  Kapvd- 
0uAAov.  Examples  of  tenure  by  one  clove  gillyflower  are  : — payable 
at  Easter,  properties  in  St.  Giles's,  Oxford  (593,  599,  610),  and  at 
Wycombe  (122);  payable  at  Midsummer,  in  St.  Giles's,  Oxford 
(592);  at  Michaelmas,  there  also  (619);  at  Christmas,  in  Great 
Tew  (741). 

These  tenures,  by  spices,  suggest  agreements  arrived  at  on  festal 
occasions,  over  cups  of  spiced  ale.  There  are  other  tenures,  with 
more  of  poetry  about  them,  by  fruits  or  flowers  of  English  growth. 

In  1270  Maud  Arneby  retained  superiority  over  her  grant  of 
land  (591)  in  St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxford,  by  'one  rede  appull  at 
Myghelmasse '.  Hugh  Hore,  conveying  a  shop  (559)  in  All  Saints 
parish,  Oxford,  to  his  daughter  Mariote,  subjected  it  to  the  charge 
of  '  yelding  therof  yerely  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  one  rose  at  Mid- 
somer '.  This  '  rose  at  Midsomer '  tenure  occurs  twice  at  Great 
Tew  (745,  749).  It  is  a  tenure  especially  common  in  grants  made 
to  Godstow  (177,  363,  370-2,  419,  421,  588),  because  Midsummer 
Day  (June  24)  is  the  Nativity  of  St.  John  Baptist,  the  patron  saint 
of  Godstow.  When  Godstow  granted  leases  at  a  nominal  rent,  this 
rent  (431,  630)  was  'a  rose  at  Midsummer'.  This  tenure  is  found 
in  conjunction  with  others.  Thus,  about  1 260,  on  occasion  of  a  grant 
to  Godstow  of  lands  (223),  held  of  the  feudal  superior  by  a  clove 
at  Michaelmas,  the  grantor  imposes  a  new  quit-rent  of  a  rose  at 
Midsummer  to  himself  and  his  heirs  as  mesne  lord. 

Gloves  are  still  a  recognized  present  on  various  occasions  of 
ceremony.  At  Oxford,  for  example,  when  the  University  pays  its 
formal  call  on  the  Judge  of  the  Assize,  the  Vice-Chancellor  brings 
with  him  white  gloves.  These  deeds  carry  back  this  present  to  the 
time  of  feudal  tenures.  Very  often,  to  prevent  misunderstanding, 
the  deeds  mention  a  commutation-price.  At  Wycombe,  Bucking- 
hamshire, we  find  property  (124)  held  by  payment  of  '  one  paire  of 


Quaint  tenures      •*  xlv 

white  gloves  of  the  price  of  i  halfpenny  at  Ester'.  In  North 
Moreton,  Berkshire,  there  is  a  tenure  (24)  by  '  a  pair  of  gloves  or 
id.  at  Michaelmas'.  This  seems  to  have  been  a  favourite  Oxford- 
shire tenure.  In  Oxford  itself  we  have  (666),  about  1240,  'a  paire 
of  gloves  at  Cristmasse/  and  (543)  '  i  paire  of  white  gloves  at 
Estir '.  At  Great  Tew,  we  have  (7 40), this  same  '  i  paire  of  white 
gloves  at  Ester'.  At  Cassington,  tenures  are  (384)  '  i  paire  of 
gloves  or  id.  withyn  the  vtas  of  Estir ',  and  (349)  '  i  paire  of  new 
gloves  or  id.  whether  of  tho  two  his  heires  will  chese,  and  to  do 
this  in  the  court  of  Karsynton ',  no  doubt  meaning  at  the  court  held 
on  the  leet-day.  In  Cassington  also  we  have  this  glove-payment 
joined  with  a  quit-rent  in  money,  in  the  tenure  (352)  by  'vid. 
at  Cristmasse  and  i  paire  of  white  gloves  of  the  price  of  i  half- 
penny at  Ester '. 

Spurs  occur  as  a  tenure  almost  as  often  as  gloves.  De  Braose, 
lord  of  Bramber,  Sussex,  parting  with  lands  (791)  to  a  St.  Valerie, 
subjected  them  to  the  quit-rent  of  a  'paire  of  sporres  over  gilte, 
price  of  vi.  d.',  to  be  paid  on  Michaelmas  Day  at  Bramber  Castle. 
In  1540  Godstow  was  still  paying  this  6d.  in  lieu  of  a  pair  of  gilt 
spurs,  but  under  the  prosaic  condition  (Monast.  iv.  374)  of  a  fee  of 
6s.  Sd.  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk's  bailiff  for  coming  to  Godstow  to 
receive  the  6d.  In  the  same  way,  the  lord  of  Cassington,  parting 
with  houses  and  land,  imposes  (326)  a  quit-rent  of '  i  paire  of 
spores  (or  2d.,  yf  he  had  lever),  at  Myghelmas,  for  all  service 
longyng  to  hym'  and  to  his  heires '.  Spurs  occur  also  as  a  courtesy 
payment.  Godstow,  acquiring  land  (463)  in  Hampton-Gay,  paid 
the  owner  £10,  and  gave  his  wife  a  bezant  (23.)  and  his  heir 
'  xiid.  to  by  hym  sporys '. 

'  Alisaundir  of  Swereford,  tresorer  of  seynt  Powles  of  London,' 
parting  with  lands  (351)  in  Cassington,  asked  payment  of 
'  a  sper-hawke  sowryng  at  Lammas  '  ('  unum  spervarium  sorum '). 
*  Sorus '  is  late  Latin  for  '  red ',  as  of  a  smoked  herring.  If  '  sper- 
varius ',  sper-hawke,  means  sparrow-hawk,  we  have  here  an  instance 
of  the  sporting  parson. 

The  statute  of  Quia  emptores,  1290,  in  forbidding  subinfeuda- 
tion,  swept  away  all  the  tenures  by  which  it  had  been  carried  on. 
In  subsequent  conveyances  there  is  greater  simplicity,  but  also 
absolute  loss  of  individuality  in  the  tenure  clause,  which  becomes 
'  to  be  held  of  the  chief  lords  of  the  fee  by  the  accustomed  services '. 


xlvi         Quaint  tenures — Expulsion  of  the  Jews 

Before  parting  from  these  tenures,  we  may  place  alongside  of 
them  a  corresponding  church  custom,  by  which  was  intimated  the 
homage  due  by  a  church  to  its  parent  church  or  to  a  benefactor 
church.  This  was  done  by  an  offering  of  wax-candles  of  a 
prescribed  weight  on  a  given  day.  In  acknowledgement  of  the 
kindness  of  Oseney  abbey  in  withdrawing  a  claim  to  certain  tithes 
also  claimed  by  Godstow,  Godstow  was  bound  (493)  to  pay  'yerely 
ii.  sergis  of  iii.  Ib.  of  wexe,  the  which,  honestly  araied,  thei  ought 
to  offre  vpon  the  hye  auter  of  our  blissed  lady  seynt  Marye  of 
Oseney,  in  the  vigille  of  the  assumpcion  of  her,  afore  evensouge '. 
This  was  in  1192.  In  1239,  in  acknowledgement  of  the  privilege 
of  having  a  chapel  of  its  own,  St.  John  Baptist's  Hospital, 
Wycombe,  was  bound  (99)  to  give  to  Wycombe  parish  church  'ii. 
sergis  of  ii.  Ib.  of  wexe  in  the  day  of  the  pryncipall  fest  every 
yere '. 

Expulsion  of  the  Jews. 

We  have  several  indications  of  the  discontents  which  ended  in  the 
atrocity  of  the  expulsion  of  the  Jews  in  1290. 

Very  frequently,  in  notices  of  sales  of  land,  the  cause  of  aliena- 
tion is  stated  to  be  debt  to  the  Jews.  At  Gloucester,  about  1200, 
the  purchaser  of  certain  lands  (169)  gave  the  seller  '  afore-handis 
x.  marke  of  siluer  to  acquite  him  of  the  Juis  of  Gloucetur'. 
About  1230,  Godstow,  buying  houses  (529,  530)  in  Oxford,  gave  the 
seller '  to  his  grete  nede,  that  is  to  sey,  to  aquyte  hym  of  the  Jewrye, 
and  in  other  placis  where  he  was  indetted,  x.  marke  of  siluer  in 
warison'.  In  1244,  a  buyer  of  lands  in  Cassington  (350)  paid 
2  os.  to  the  seller  and  undertook  to  'quytte  him  of  xxi.  shillings 
ayenst  Vynos  Sapin,  Jewe  of  Oxenford,  in  the  whiche  he  was  I-bound 
to  hym  in  the  same  day  that  this  charter  was  I-made'.  In  1250, 
buying  land  (299)  in  Bletchingdon,  Godstow  gave  the  seller  'halfe 
a  marke  of  sterlingys  to  quite  hym  of  the  Jurye  in  the  towne  of 
Oxenford,  that  is  to  sey,  ageynst  James  of  London,  lue  fitz  Moysy '. 
In  1280,  buying  land  (412)  at  Cassington,  Godstow  gave  the  seller 
'  C.  shillings  and  xx.  d.  to  delyuer  hym  of  the  Juys  hondys,  in  whos 
dettis  at  that  tyme  he  was  I-bounde '. 

The  existence  of  many  mortgages,  held  by  Jews  as  security  for 
money  lent  by  them,  is  often  brought  before  us  in  those  forms  of 
warranty-clauses  which  were  in  favour  1240-80.  About  thirty 


Expulsion  of  the  Jews  xlvii 

examples  are  found,  viz.  one  in  Dinton,  a  few  in  Wycombe,  several 
in  Cassington,  the  rest  in  Oxford.  At  Cassington  (398)  '  the  said 
Ainye  and  her  heires  waran^ed,  aquyted,  and  defended  for  euer  the 
said  ii.  acres  ...  to  the  said  mynchons  and  to  their  successours 
ayenst  all  men  and  women,  bothe  cristen  and  Juwys '.  At  Dinton 
(57),  warranty  was  given  'ageiniste  alle  men  and  women,  bothe 
Jues  and  cristinmen'.  In  Oxford,  warranty  was  given  (592) 
'ayenst  all  peple,  men  and  women,  both  Jewes,  Jewesses,  and 
cristen  men '.  Other  Oxford  examples  are  560,  566,  594,  600,  626. 
From  1230  to  1280  there  is  evidence  of  a  feeling  that  too  much 
land  was  passing  into  the  hands  of  Jews,  or  being  mortgaged  to  them. 
Leases  and  grants  often  contain  a  clause  forbidding  the  selling  or 
mortgaging  of  the  property,  especially  to  Jews.  In  Oxford,  e.  g., 
1 230,  Godstow  bound  its  tenant  (620)  that  he  '  fro  that  tyme  forthe 
myght  not  plegge,  selle,  nother  encrease  the  rent,  ne  in  no  wyse 
aliene  the  forsaid  lond  to  Jewys  or  cristen  men '.  A  lease  for  life 
(693)  of  certain  houses  in  Oxford,  1266,  was  made  on  condition 
that  the  life-renter  '  shold  not  selle,  nother  lay  to  wedde,  nother 
assigne  to  no  man,  cristen  nother  Jewe,  nother  in  religion  nother 
out  of  religion,  the  forsaid  ii.  meses '.  The  frequent  conjunction  of 
Jews  and  monastic  houses  ('  exceptis  religiosis  et  Judaeis ')  as  in- 
admissible tenants  or  subtenants  has  already  been  noticed  (p.xxxviii). 

Reign  of  Edward  II. 

In  the  first  half  of  1314,  Godstow  was  engaged  in  buying  and 
exchanging  lands.  The  places  at  which  the  king  granted  the 
necessary  licences  in  mortmain  mark  the  stages  of  his  journey  to 
Bannockburn.  On  Feb.  2,  131!,  he  was  at  Canterbury  (425);  on 
May  8, 13 14,  at  York  (760);  on  June  14,  atBerwick-on-Tweed(428). 

The  Statutes  of  Praemunire  and  Provisors. 

These  deeds  afford  several  indications  of  the  conditions  which 
prompted  Edward  Ill's  statutes  directed  against  the  exercise  of 
jurisdiction  in  England  by  the  papal  Curia.  We  find  a  great  many 
suits  which  were  appealed  to  Rome,  and,  after  payment  of  fees  in 
the  papal  court,  decided  in  England  by  English  ecclesiastics  named 
as  papal  commissioners.  Thus,  Pope  Celestine  III  (1191-8) 
appointed  commissions  to  decide  controversies — about  tithe  (493), 


xlviii  Appeals  to  Rome 

between  Oseney  abbey  and  Godstow;  about  the  ecclesiastical 
position  of  Watereaton  chapel  (851),  between  Cirencester  abbey 
and  Godstow ;  about  a  pension  from  Bloxham  church  (308),  between 
Westminster  abbey  and  Godstow.  In  1205  commissioners  of 
Innocent  III  gave  judgement  in  the  dispute  between  Godstow  and 
Norton  priory  about  the  position  of  Easington  church  (440).  Pope 
Gregory  IX  (1227-41)  issued  many  commissions.  One  of  these,  in 
1228,  repelled  (160)  the  claim  of  the  vicar  of  Frampton  for  tithe 
from  Godstow.  Another,  in  1234,  awarded  (92)  Godstow  the  tithes 
of  Wy combe  mills;  and  another,  in  1235,  decided  a  controversy  as 
to  tithes  in  Wycombe  (94)  between  Bee  abbey  and  Godstow.  In 
1236  another  commission  denned  the  tithe  obligation  (855)  of 
Godstow's  manor  of  Watereaton  to  Eisey  church.  In  1239  another 
instituted  (99)  a  chapel  in  St.  John  Baptist's  Hospital,  Wycombe. 
In  124^  a  commission,  apparently  after  the  death  of  the  pope  who 
had  appointed  it,  rejected  (31)  the  vicar  of  Wytham's  claim  for 
certain  tithes  from  Godstow.  Innocent  IV  issued  a  commission, 
which,  in  1247,  confirmed  (214)  to  Godstow  a  pension  out  of 
Faringdon  church,  Hampshire.  Gregory  X  issued  a  commission, 
which,  in  1273,  confirmed  (442)  to  Godstow  a  pension  out  of 
Easington  church,  Oxfordshire. 

The  number  of  these  appeals  to  Rome,  recorded  in  the  imperfect 
register  of  one  nunnery,  and  that  a  small  one,  gives  us  a  hint  of  the 
vast  number  of  suits  in  church  matters  which  were  decided  after 
being  appealed  to  Rome. 

Indications  are  not  wanting  that  English  litigants,  both  corpora- 
tions and  individuals,  had  grown  weary  of  the  expenses  incident  to 
the  jurisdiction  of  a  foreign  court.  Thus,  in  1238,  a  commission 
was  issued  by  Pope  Gregory  IX  to  give  judgement  in  a  suit  raised 
by  the  vicar  of  St.  Peter's  in  the  East,  Oxford,  against  Godstow 
about  tithes  and  church-dues  in  Wolvercote  ;  but  the  matter  was 
decided  (775)  in  1239  by  both  parties  inviting  arbitration  by  the 
diocesan,  Bishop  Robert  Grostete,  a  great  resister  of  papal  claims. 
At  a  still  earlier  date,  about  1192,  in  concluding  their  dissension 
about  Watereaton  chapel,  Cirencester  abbey  and  Godstow  promised 
each  other  (851)  that  they  '  sholde  never  afturwarde  gete  no  letters 
fro  the  pope  nother  use  non  I-gote ',  to  override  the  agreement  they 
had  come  to.  Much  later,  1338,  considering  the  'harmes  and 
expensis '  that  might  come  by  such  litigation,  Godstow  and  Oseney 


Appeals  to  Rome  xlix 

abbey  referred  (495)  their  difference  about  tithes  in  Walton  to  the 
award  of  the  diocesan,  the  Bishop  of  Lincoln. 

The  system  of  papal  provision,  by  which  the  Roman  pontiff 
nominated  to  English  benefices,  in  defiance  of  the  right  of  the 
English  patron,  is  probably  hinted  at  in  the  sworn  promise  exacted 
(790)  by  Godstow  in  1376,  before  it  presented  to  Lamyat  church, 
that  its  presentee  '  wold  never  resigne  the  said  chirch  of  Lamyete 
out  of  Englond '. 

The  Alien  Priories. 

Of  foreign  monasteries  possessed  of  revenues  in  England,  the 
G-odstow  deeds  present  us  with  Bec-Hellouin  abbey,  owning  tithe 
in  Wycombe  (93-6),  which  at  one  time  had  to  be  paid  to  the  prior 
of  their  cell  at  Ogbourne,  Wiltshire ;  with  Bertincourt  abbey, 
owning  Duxford  mills  in  Berkshire  (10—12) ;  and  with  'Nimgun ' 
priory,  owning  land  (7)  in  Blewberry,  Berkshire.  At  the  be- 
ginning of  his  quarrel  with  France,  Edward  III,  to  provide  the 
sinews  of  war,  seized  on  the  Wycombe  revenues  of  Bee  abbey. 
After  Cre9y,  he  relaxed  his  grip  on  them  (97),  and  allowed  the 
Norman  house  to  sell  the  ownership  of  them  to  an  English  subject. 
It  is  interesting  to  find  this  anticipation  of  Henry  V's  action,  1414, 
in  confiscating  the  English  estates  of  Norman  monasteries,  to 
provide  funds  for  his  invasion  of  France. 

Conditions  of  English  land. 

In  some  hundreds  of  deeds  relating  to  property,  and  reaching  in 
date  from  1140  to  1460,  we  naturally  look  for  bits  of  information 
as  to  the  methods  of  working  the  land,  managing  estates,  and  the 
like.  I  have  brought  together  under  heads  what  can  be  gleaned 
from  the  deeds  in  this  direction. 

Town  properties. 

Indications  of  civic  life  are  few,  but  such  as  are  given  are  of 
interest. 

In  Oxford,  we  have  a  brief  notice  (562)  of  an  academic  hall  in 
1307,  with  its  chambers  for  the  residence  of  its  students;  its 
kitchen,  a  separate  building  from  fear  of  fire  in  those  days  of 
thatched  roofs ;  and  its  stables  for  the  students'  horses,  riding  being 
the  sole  mode  of  travelling.  We  have  two  glimpses  at  the  trade- 


1  Town  property — The  Common-field  system. 

quarters  with  their  very  small  shops  on  the  street  level,  and  in  the 
next  storey  a  room  (often  in  different  ownership)  extending  over 
two  or  three  of  them  (672,  683).  In  the  case  of  one  '  seld  '  (667) 
we  have  the  actual  measurements,  28  J  ft.  x  20  ft.  Another  deed 
(541)  suggests  the  complications  as  to  water-drip  and  window-rights 
which  existed  in  these  subdivided  houses. 

Somewhat  singular  is  the  existence  of  large  permanent  garden 
ground  (663)  in  the  very  heart  of  what  is  generally  depicted  as 
a  crowded  town. 

In  Wycombe  there  is  a  minute  account  (104)  of  the  feudal  lord's 
rights  over  the  town,  exacting  yearly  dues  from  the  houses, 
compelling  townsmen  to  serve  as  his  unpaid  officers  of  the  market, 
collecting  for  his  own  use  the  mulcts  for  breaches  of  market-rules, 
forcing  the  community  to  rent  the  market  from  him,  and  carrying 
off  to  his  own  land  all  manure  deposited  on  the  streets.  This  last 
item,  and  the  twelve-months'  exemption  from  it  allowed  to  Godstow 
and  Godstow  tenants,  tell  us  of  the  insanitary  state  of  towns. 

In  Banbury  we  have  (285,  868,  869)  a  perpetual  rent-charge 
imposed  on  the  market-revenues.  In  Cricklade  (814)  the  feudal 
superior  makes  a  long  lease  to  an  individual  of  the  revenues  and 
perquisites  of  the  market. 

At  Brackley  in  Northamptonshire  (256)  and  at  Cricklade  in 
Wiltshire  (817)  we  have  'burgages',  i.e.  houses  in  the  town  which 
carried  with  them  the  right  of  buying  and  selling  in  the  town- 
market. 

The  Common-field  system. 

These  deeds  show  us,  in  full  working  order,  in  every  county 
where  Godstow  held  land,  the  old  communal  system  of  tillage. 
Each  vill  or  township  was  divided  into  several  holdings  of  de- 
terminate size,  viz.  yardlands  (c  virgatae  terrae '),  half-yardlands, 
and  quarter-yardlands.  These  had  each  houses,  and  certain  small 
enclosures  as  their  own  individual  property.  But  much  the  greater 
part  of  the  arable  land  consisted  of  strips  in  certain  large  fields, 
and  the  strips  of  the  several  holdings  were  so  intermingled  that 
they  could  be  tilled  only  by  the  whole  township  following  the  same 
routine  of  leaving  fallow,  ploughing,  cropping,  reaping.  Most  of 
the  meadow  went  with  the  arable,  so  much  meadow  in  the  common 
meadows  being  attached  to  so  many  acres  of  arable.  This  again 


The  Common-field  system  li 

necessitated  common  action  in  hay-making,  carrying,  and  turning 
the  cattle  on  to  the  meadow.  Further,  the  cattle,  sheep,  and  pigs 
were  pastured  in  common,  each  holding  according  to  its  acres  being 
entitled  to  have  so  much  stock  at  pasture. 

In  Cassington  we  have  (432),  in  1350,  a  description  of  the 
buildings  of  a  farm  '  messuage ',  i.e.  of  the  housing  we  may  suppose 
to  have  belonged  to  a  yardland.  A  typical  example  of  the  make- 
up of  a  yardland,  described  by  its  scattered  acres,  half-acres,  and 
roods,  is  found  (740)  at  Great  Tew.  An  example  of  a  half-yard- 
land,  described  piece  by  piece,  occurs  (297)  at  Bletchingdon. 
Another  description  of  the  scattered  arable,  meadow,  and  common 
pasture  rights  of  a  half-yardland  is  given  (182)  at  Meysey-Hampton 
in  Gloucestershire.  Bletchingdon  supplies  (298)  a  typical  quarter- 
yardland.  Besides  these  we  have  holdings  described  by  acre,  half- 
acre,  quarter-acre,  and  even  smaller  pieces,  with  'forers',  'butts',  &c., 
in  Oxfordshire,  in  the  north  suburb  of  Oxford  (502),  Cowley,  Milton, 
Milcombe,  Shillingford ;  in  Berkshire,  in  North  Moreton,  Wytham ; 
in  Buckinghamshire,  in  Dinton ;  in  Northamptonshire,  in  Evenley ; 
in  Sussex,  in  Bodington ;  in  Wiltshire,  in  Broad  Blunsdon, 
Eastrop,  and  Watereaton.  In  all  these  places,  as  also  at  Gloucester 
(17)  and  in  Hampshire  at  King's  Clere  (225),  there  is  a  multitude 
of  old  field-names  which  invite  comparison  and  analysis. 

Grants  of  arable  land  generally  specify  (288)  how  much 
meadow  the  arable  carried  with  it.  In  many  places  just  before 
hay-making,  the  common  meadow  was  marked  off,  probably  by 
pegs,  into  acre  or  half-acre  strips.  These  were  numbered,  and  the 
persons  who  had  rights  of  common  meadow  drew  lots,  and  chose 
their  share  for  the  year  in  the  order  which  the  lot  assigned.  This 
continued  till  living  memory.  Mr.  Hurst  has  told  me  that  at 
Cassington,  north  of  Oxford,  he  has  spoken  with  old  men  who  not 
only  remembered  the  system  but  also  that  the  determination  by  lot 
proceeded  by  drawing  stalks  of  hay  of  different  length,  the  longest 
having  first  choice  of  strip.  An  interesting  account  of  the  system, 
and  of  another  quaint  method  of  drawing  lots  in  use  at  Kidlington, 
Oxfordshire,  is  given  by  Rev.  Vaughan  Thomas  in  a  Gough  MS. 
(no.  91)  in  the  Bodleian,  and  is  partly  printed  in  Stapleton's  Three 
Oxfordshire  Parishes  (1893),  pp.  308-11.  This  'meadow  by  lot' 
system  is  mentioned  in  deeds  about  the  Thames  meadows  near 
Oxford  (606-9)  >  at  Bletchingdon  (297) ;  at  Little  Rissington, 


Hi  Meadcnu  and  pasture  rights 

Gloucestershire  (187);  and  with  extreme  frequency  at  Cassington 
(369>  372,  373,  378,  382,  399,  405,  410,  420,  432). 

The  yardlands  and  fractions  of  yardlands  possessed  rights  of 
pasture  for  cattle,  &c.,  in  proportion  to  the  amount  of  their  arable, 
not  only  over  the  waste  of  the  township,  but  over  land  lying  in 
fallow,  over  the  common  meadows  after  the  hay  had  been  lifted,  and 
over  the  common  fields  when  the  crops  had  been  carried.  These 
pasture  rights  are  often  mentioned,  e.g.  in  Oxfordshire,  at  Bletch- 
ingdon  (287,  288,  291),  Milcombe  (480),  and  the  north  suburb  of 
Oxford  (623,  630) ;  in  Gloucestershire,  at  Meysey-Hampton  (182); 
in  Hampshire,  at  "Woolverton  in  King's  Clere  parish  (239) ;  in 
Northamptonshire,  at  Evenley  (265) ;  in  Wiltshire,  at  Broad 
Blunsdon  (809).  At  Shillingford  in  Oxfordshire  the  deeds  (720-3, 
729-32)  have  many  marginal  notes  drawing  attention  to  the  fact 
that  the  arable  bought  carried  with  it  rights  of  common  pasture. 
At  Halso  in  Northamptonshire  mention  is  made  (278)  of  pasture 
for  the  full  plough-team  of  eight  oxen,  and  of  Easter  as  the  begin- 
ning of  the  season  of  common  pasture.  At  Little  Rissington  in 
Gloucestershire,  we  find  (186-7)  a  clear  statement  of  the  times 
during  which  meadow  and  arable  were  'in  defence',  i.e.  not  open 
to  pasture. 

There  were  different  degrees  of  common  pasture.  At  the  dis- 
solution (Monast.  iv.  371)  we  find  some  Godstow  meadows  common 
after  the  first  mowing ;  others  not  common  till  Michaelmas. 

Echyng :  Assart :   Vineyard :  Max. 

Of  much  interest,  but  vaguely  expressed,  are  those  portions  of 
arable  and  meadow  which  are  named,  echyng,  heche,  encrese,  or 
encresyng  (in  Latin  '  de  incremento,  in  incremento ').  So  far  as 
I  can  see,  these  were  proportionate  shares,  assigned  to  the  holdings 
of  a  township,  of  land  brought  under  cultivation  or  enclosed  as 
permanent  meadow,  at  a  date  later  than  the  allocation  of  the  strips 
in  the  original  common  fields.  Meadow  so  named  is  mentioned  at 
Hampton  Gay  (46 3);  and  arable  so  named  at  Cassington  (349), 
Meysey-Hampton  (182),  Eastrop  (820). 

Lands  reclaimed  from  forest  and  brought  under  cultivation  were 
called  'assarts'.  There  is  one  assart  (813)  at  Chalworth  by 
Cricklade,  in  Wiltshire;  and  others  (238-9),  described  at  some 
length,  beside  Woolverton  Park  near  King's  Clere  in  Hampshire. 


Echyng:  Assart:  Vineyard:  Flax  liii 

An  interesting  feature  about  these  assarts  is,  that,  as  they  were  re- 
claimed and  put  under  cultivation,  special  provisions  were  made  for 
payment  by  them  of  tithe-corn  (94),  1235.  From  a  deed  of  1346, 
it  would  seem  (312)  that  the  overlord  could  decide  which  church  or 
religious  house  was  to  receive  the  tithe.  Care  was  often  taken,  when 
forest-land  was  parted  with  on  permanent  lease,  to  provide  that  it 
should  not  be  assarted.  In  1 265,  e.g.  Henry  III  granted  woodland 
(324)  to  Godstow,  subject  to  its  remaining  forest. 

The  cultivation  of  the  vine  seems  to  have  been  of  some  impor- 
tance. At  Bozeat  in  Northamptonshire  (249,  253),  a  vineyard 
was  part  of  the  lands  granted  to  a  religious  house,  but  it  was 
apparently  so  much  missed  that  it  was  bought  back  by  the  donor. 

At  Wycombe  (871)  the  tithe  of  flax  is  mentioned  as  of  equal 
importance  with  the  tithe  of  wool,  and  in  the  Godstow  lease  (91) 
of  the  rectory,  this  tithe-flax  is  specially  reserved  to  the  convent : 
'out-take  all  lynnen  and  hemp  comyng  to  the  said  chirche,  the 
which  were  reserved  to  the  Covent  of  Godestowe'.  A  similar 
reservation  is  made  (871)  in  St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxford.  We  are 
perhaps  to  think  of  this  tithe-flax  being  brought  to  Godstow,  and 
there  spun  by  the  abbess  and  her  nuns. 

Woodland  rights. 

Woodland  rights  were  of  much  greater  importance  than  now. 
The  only  fuel  was  wood  or  charcoal ;  farm-buildings  and  cottages 
were  of  wood  ;  cattle  were  kept  off  the  otherwise  unprotected 
common  fields  and  meadows  by  hurdles  ('dead  hedges'):  so  much 
so,  that  in  manorial  deeds  of  this  period  the  cattle-herd  is  most 
commonly  styled  the  hay  ward,  i.e.  hedge- ward.  Several  special 
benefactions  to  Godstow  take  this  form,  to  supply  one  or  other  of 
these  needs.  'Fowre  burdyns  of  thornys'  every  day  out  of  Cumnor 
wood  was  an  early  benefaction  (8)  by  Abingdon  abbey.  Henry  II 
(892)  gave  'two  cartis  to  go  euery  day  in  the  wode  of  Shottore 
[Shotover,  east  of  Oxford]  to  carye  wode  to  there  nede'.  This 
privilege  perhaps  disturbed  the  king's  game,  since  King  John  (894) 
gave  Godstow  '  parte  of  the  wode  of  Hildesdene '  in  Buckingham- 
shire '  into  an  eschaunge  of  ii.  cartis  the  which  they  had  euery  day 
walkyng  to  busshyng  in  his  wode  of  Shottore '.  Edward  II  was 
perhaps  less  keen  on  venison;  he  granted  (739)  Godstow,  for  the 
lifetime  of  the  then  abbess,  fuel  rights  in  Shotover.  A  quaint 


Woodland  rights — The  manorial  system 

reason  for  a  grant  of  fuel  has  already  been  mentioned  (p.  xxxi). 
A  perpetual  grant  of  timber  for  repairs  of  a  Godstow  mill  is  found 
(764)  at  Watlington.  The  oak  given  (86)  each  year  at  Westbury, 
Buckinghamshire,  would  come  in  handy  for  repairs  on  Godstow 
houses  at  Brackley.  The  rods  given  in  the  same  grant  may  also 
have  served  for  purposes  of  repairs.  Major  Bale,  in  Essex  Review, 
xiii.  219,  says  'A  common  material  for  filling  in  spaces  between 
studs  of  waitings  was  stiff  clay,  mixed  with  dry  cut  grass,  bedded  on 
a  foundation  of  hazel  sticks,  and  faced  with  rough  lime  stucco 
on  the  outside,  and  floated  with  fine  mortar  inside*.  The  strip 
of  wood  acquired  (66)  at  Hughenden  had  perhaps  reference  to 
dilapidations  on  Godstow  tenements  in  Wycombe.  In  this  case  we 
learn  that  woodland  was  measured  by  a  perch  or  pole  peculiar  to 
itself,  and  not  used  for  measuring  land, '  the  woodland  perch.'  The 
strip  of  Wychwood  forest  (324)  held  by  Godstow  was  convenient 
for  timber  to  repair  tenements  in  Cassington  and  at  Godstow. 

Another  woodland  right  was  '  pannage ',  i.  e.  leave  to  pasture  pigs 
in  the  woods  during  the  acorn  season.  For  this  a  lord  of  a  manor 
often  exacted  a  payment  for  each  pig  turned  out.  At  King's  Clere 
in  Hampshire  we  find  (238)  a  dispute  between  Godstow  on  the  one 
hand,  and,  on  the  other,  the  church  and  the  manor  of  Woolverton 
as  to  their  respective  rights  of  free  pannage.  In  the  wood  of 
Boarstall,  Buckinghamshire,  a  special  benefaction  (81-3)  allowed 
Godstow  to  have  forty  pigs  at  pannage,  without  fee. 

The  right  of  road  through  a  wood  (287)  is  a  special  benefac- 
tion, at  Bletchingdon. 

Woodland  rights  are  found  specially  mentioned  as  going  with 
a  yardland :  e.g.  no.  456,  at  Garsington. 

The  manorial  system. 

Godstow  held  land  under  lords  of  manors  in  several  counties. 
Godstow  itself  was  lord  of  several  manors.  Both  as  tenant  and  as 
lord,  therefore,  Godstow  had  full  experience  of  the  system.  Refer- 
ences to  it  abound  in  the  deeds,  but  they  are  tantalizingly  vague. 

The  charters  of  Stephen  (872),  1139;  Maud  (875),  1144;  and 
Henry  II  (878),  1156,  conferred  on  Godstow  court  in  Walton 
outside  Oxford  full  manorial  jurisdiction,  in  the  pre-Norman 
formula  '  with  sok  and  sake,  tol  and  team,  with  infange  and  out- 
fange  theyf.  The  manor  of  Watereaton  in  Wiltshire  (847-50) 


Manorial  privileges  Iv 

was  acquired  before  1145.      Manorial  privileges  in  other  places 
came  by  later  gifts  and  purchases. 

Manorial  privileges. 

The  two  fullest  recitals  of  the  formula  concerning  manorial 
privileges  are  found  at  Broad  Blunsdon  (810)  in  Wiltshire  and  at 
Great  Tew  (750)  in  Oxfordshire.  At  Broad  Blunsdon  Roger  of 
Writele  conveys  'all  his  londes  and  tenementis  .  .  .  with  mansions, 
bildyngis,  gardens,  culverhowses,  mylles,  fre  tenauntes,  bondemen 
(villenagis  or  bonde  holdes),  with  ther  sequelis  and  catallis,  coterellis, 
rentis,  workyngis,  helpis,  wardis,  relefis,  eschetis,  al  maner  fynes  of 
londes,  redempcions  or  ayene-biyngis  of  progenitours  or  fadirs- 
afore,  medis,  fedyngis,  pastures,  pondis,  sutis  of  courtis,  with  all 
other  liberteis  or  fredoms  and  fre  customes  longyng  to  the  forsaid 
tenementis '.  At  Great  Tew  the  formula  is  even  longer,  but,  while 
it  includes  other  points,  omits  some  particulars  contained  in  the 
preceding.  Conveyance  is  made  of  '  viii.  yerdis  of  lond,  .  .  .  with 
the  pertynentis  .  .  .  also  ...  the  bodies  of  ...  his  bonde  men,  with 
all  ther  catell,  sewtis,  and  sequelis,  with  all  ther  londis  and  tene- 
mentis the  which  ben  called  "  natif "  or  bonde  or  bonde  of  birthe  . .  . 
and  all  ther  getyngis  or  perquisitis,  with  all  pertynentis,  as  in 
howsis,  curtilagis,  londis,  medis,  fedyngis,  pasturis,  hayes,  dyches, 
watirs,  pondis,  stewes,  ryvers  or  riparies,  duffehowses,  mylles,  weyes, 
pathis,  scuagis,  homagis,  fewteys,  rentis,  customys,  wardys,  mariagis, 
fynys,  relefis,  heriettis,  eschetis,  sutis  of  courtis,  and  all  maner  of 
liberteis  and  fre  customs,  service,  appeiamentis,  reversions,  or 
eisementis  all,  comyng  forthe  bothe  of  fre  teneraentis,  or  of  bonde 
or  natif,  or  of  tenauntis  holdynge  in  bondage  or  villenage '. 

We  may  bring  together  here  such  notices  as  illustrate  the 
several  points  of  this  formula. 

Dove-house.  The  right  to  have  a  dove-house,  or  culver-house  (from 
'culver',  an  old  word  for  pigeon)  was  a  manorial  right,  very 
oppressive  to  the  lord's  neighbours,  from  damage  done  to  their  crops. 
In  An  Alphabet  of  Tales  (edit.  M.  M.  Banks,  E.E.T.S.  1904)^.  109, 
there  is  a  quaint  tale  illustrative  of  the  feeling  against  pigeon-houses. 
The  passion  for  hawking  largely  explains  their  existence.  Accor- 
dingly, the  dove-house  is  often  separately  mentioned  in  the 
conveyance  of  an  estate,  e.g.  at  Bozeat,  Northamptonshire  (249). 
Tithe  of  pigeon-houses  is  mentioned  (476)  as  levied  at  Milcombe, 


Ivi  Manorial  privileges 

Oxfordshire.  In  1540  the  dove-house  at  Godstow  is  found  in  the 
list  (Monast.  iv.  376)  of  buildings  of  the  homestead. 

Mills.  The  obligation  on  tenants  to  have  their  grain  ground 
at  the  lord's  mill  is  universally  known  from  the  notices  of  it  in 
Sir  Walter  Scott's  Monastery.  It  was  enforced  by  fines  imposed 
in  the  Court  Baron  of  the  lord.  Thus,  in  the  Court  Bolls  of  Great 
Waltham  manor,  Essex,  belonging  to  the  Earl  of  Essex  (Public 
Record  Office :  Court  Rolls  753,  no.  62),  in  Edward  I's  reign,  we 
have  a  fine  of  6s.  taken  '  de  pluribus  custumariis  ville  quia  non 
molaverunt  ad  molendinum  comitis '.  This  obligation  is  twice 
mentioned  in  these  deeds.  The  grant  of  Frampton  mill  (156)  to 
Godstow,  1 1 80,  was  made  'with  all  his  pertinences,  seutis,  and 
liberties'.  Elena,  lady  Zouch  of  Ashby,  in  1279  made  (276)  God- 
stow  and  Godstow  tenants  *  free  and  quiet  of  ...  sute  of  her  myllys ' 
at  Halso.  We  find  that  by  old  custom  the  miller  was  expected 
to  grind  corn  for  use  of  the  lord's  household  free  of  charge. 
At  Frampton,  William  of  Clifford  when  he  gave  (156)  the  mill  to 
Godstow,  bargained  that  grain  ground  for  his  household  should  not 
be  subject  to  multure ;  his  son,  Richard,  by  a  further  concession 
(158)  agreed  to  pay  multure. 

Free  tenants.  Free  tenants  were  not  only  personally  free,  but 
their  lands  were  held  by  money  quit-rents,  without  obligation  to  do 
regular  work  on  demesne  land  of  the  lord.  In  these  deeds,  trans- 
fers of  property  generally  mention  the  number  of  freeholds  and  the 
amount  of  their  quit-rents,  e.g.  at  Cassington  (337,  386,  432);  at 
Bozeat  (249). 

Bond  men.  In  transfers  of  land  it  is  usual  to  mention  the  serfs 
or  neifs,  not  infrequently  by  name,  as  handed  over  with  their 
families,  their  lands,  and  all  their  property,  to  the  new  owner.  Thus, 
at  King's  Clere  in  Hampshire,  '  for  8  shillings  of  sterlynges  yerly ' 
Godstow  transferred  (227)  to  Nicholas  of  Clere  'John  i-called 
Aylmer,  sumtyme  her  bondeman,  with  all  hys  goodys  and  catall  and 
londis '.  Still  more  explicit  statements  are  made  in  the  deeds  con- 
cerning Great  Tew,  Oxfordshire  (750,  757)  in  1313;  and  Cher- 
riugton,  Gloucestershire  (145).  Other  references  are: — in  Berk- 
shire at  North  Moreton  (19)  ;  in  Northamptonshire  at  Bozeat 
(249);  in  Oxfordshire  at  Asthall-Leigh  (281),  Cassington  (384), 
Fencot  (448),  Minster  Lovell  (489);  in  Sussex  at  Bodington  (791). 

It  has  to  be  added,  however,  that,  as  a  rule,  serfs'  holdings  came 


Manorial  privileges  Ivii 

to  be  granted  to  the  tenant,  his  heirs,  and  assigns,  subject  only  to 
certain  payments  and  services,  so  that,  long  before  the  dissolution, 
the  acreage  of  land  directly  under  control  of  the  monastic  houses 
was  greatly  reduced  by  the  portioning  off  of  copyholds  in  addition 
to  the  old  freeholds. 

Land  held  in  villeinage  for  the  serfs  life  seems  to  have  differed 
from  ordinary  leaseholds  for  life-term  in  not  requiring  licence  in 
mortmain  (p,  xl)  to  sanction  the  grant  (539). 

Coterells.  These  were  bondmen  who  held  a  small  portion  of 
land,  a  coteland  (344)  or  cotland. 

Rents.  By  this  word  is  meant  chiefly  quit-rents,  small  fixed 
yearly  payments  in  virtue  of  which  freeholders  held  their  lands  of 
the  manor,  and  similar  payments  in  money  or  in  kind  exacted  from 
those  serfs'  holdings  which  afterwards  became  copyholds.  Certain 
Cassington  holdings  (432)  supply  good  examples  of  the  latter.  In 
the  north  suburb  of  Oxford  a  holding  (509),  in  1286,  paid  Godstow 
yearly  iSd.  and  two  hens,  each  hen  valued  at  i^d.  At  King's 
Clere,  Hampshire,  we  have  a  rent  of  two  fat  hens  at  Martinmas 
(218),  and  another  rent  of  4  horseshoes  (221); 

In  rents,  paid  under  terms  of  ordinary  leases,  we  find  the  same 
form  of  payment:  e.g.  at  Chalworth  in  Wiltshire,  a  rent  (813)  of 
55.  in  money  and  of  half  a  quarter  of  wheat. 

Workings.  A  large  part  of  the  work  on  the  demesne  land  was 
done  by  the  serf- tenants,  as  part  of  their  yearly  payment  for  the 
lands  they  held  of  the  manor,  the  tenant  being  in  some  grants 
required  to  provide  the  labour  of  one  man,  in  other  grants,  of  two 
men.  About  1230,  we  find  a  piece  of  meadow  (606)  near  Oxford 
held  by  payment  of  quit-rent  and  by  the  ploughing  of  i  acre. 
Such  services  were  extremely  common  in  hay-time  and  harvest. 
Good  examples  are  found  at  Bloxham  in  Oxfordshire  (313)  and  at 
Broad  Blunsdon  in  Wiltshire  (818),  where  a  marginal  note  in  the 
Register  draws  attention  to  'the  cestum  yn  heruyste'.  Several 
holdings  in  St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxford,  were  subject  to  specified 
days  of  labour  on  Godstow  land  there  (620,  628-9).  The  Latin 
name  for  a  day's  work  on  these  conditions  was  precaria.  By  old 
agreement  or  custom,  the  lord  of  the  manor  (313)  provided  the 
labourer  with  his  food  on  certain  precariae,  which  were  therefore 
called  siccae.  On  other  work-days,  the  lord  provided  both  food  and 
drink  (818),  and  these  were  non  siccae.  Another  word  connected 

e 


Iviii  Manorial  privileges 

with  this  custom  is  the  'grete  bederepe  in  hervest5  (no.  62 1),  i.e.  the 
day  when  Godstow  called  out  everybody  over  whom  it  had  a  claim 
for  labour  to  a  joint  day's  work  in  securing  the  crops  of  the  con- 
ventual demesne  land.  A  great  benefactor  of  monasteries,  Robert 
Beaumont,  second  earl  of  Leicester,  in  granting  (269)  Godstow 
a  ploughland  at  Halso  in  Northamptonshire  granted  also  exemption 
from  works  to  his  manor.  There  is  an  interesting  example  (228) 
at  King's  Clere,  Hampshire,  of  the  substitution  of  a  money-rent 
for  the  works,  made  subject  to  a  return  in  certain  contingencies  to 
the  old  services. 

Scutage,  the  claim  by  the  lord  that  each  piece  of  land  held  of 
him  shall  pay  a  contribution  when  this  tax  is  asked,  has  been 
already  mentioned  (p.  xxxiv).  We  find,  in  the  same  way,  the  lord 
of  a  manor  subjecting  all  holdings  under  the  manor  to  payment  of 
their  share  when  the  king  imposed  tallage  (104),  and  in  legal 
formulae  the  land  remained  nominally  subject  to  this  burden  long 
after  the  impost  had  ceased  to  be  made. 

Homage  and.  fealty.  Homage  was  the  formal  recognition  by  a 
tenant  on  entering  the  fee  that  he  held  the  land  of  the  lord  and 
owed  him  service  and  submission  for  it  (313).  Fealty  was  the 
oath  taken  by  a  tenant  on  entering  the  fee  that  he  would  be  true 
to  the  lord.  Homage  was  rendered1  by  the  tenant  holding  'his 
hands  together  betweene  the  hands  of  his  Lord',  fealty  by  the 
tenant  holding  '  his  right  hand  upon  a  booke ',  but  practically 
there  seems  little  difference  between  the  two.  On  doing  fealty, 
a  fee  had  to  be  paid  to  the  steward  of  the  manor. 

Helps  were  certain  ancient  customary  charges,  by  which,  e.g. 
the  lord  of  a  manor  asked  contributions  from  his  tenants  to  meet 
the  expense  of  making  his  eldest  son  a  knight,  and  of  providing 
a  marriage  portion  for  his  daughter.  Except  in  the  formula, 
they  are  unnoticed  in  the  deeds.  'Yelde'  (432)  seems  to  be 
a  commutation-charge  in  lieu  of  them. 

Wards.  The  right  to  appoint  a  guardian,  and  charge  a  fee  for 
the  appointment,  is  definitely  mentioned  in  1307,  in  connexion 
with  a  Godstow  property  in  St.  Mary's  parish,  Oxford  (662).  At 
Broad  Blunsdon  in  Wiltshire  (806),  a  landowner  bargains,  for 
himself  and  his  heirs,  for  a  fee  on  occasion  of  each  new  appointment 

1  Dr.  John  Cowell's  The  Interpreter  (1607). 


Manorial  privileges  lix 

of  an  abbess  of  Godstow,  in  consideration  of  his  wardship  (during 
the  vacancy)  of  Godstow  rights  over  the  land  held  of  his  manor. 

Marriage,  in  the  manorial  sense,  is  not  mentioned  except  in  the 
formula.  A  serf  might  not  marry  without  licence  of  his  lord,  and 
he  might  not  give  his  daughter  in  marriage  without  licence ;  and 
for  this  licence  a  fee  Was  charged. 

Heriot  was  the  lord's  claim  to  the  best  beast  owned  by  a  deceased 
serf.  In  lieu  of  it,  land  was  sometimes  subjected  to  a  money- 
payment,  the  heriotable  fine.  In  Fencot,  Oxfordshire,  Richard 
Bere,  accepting  (454)  a  grant  of  land  from  Godstow,  bargained  that 
'  for  heriette  and  relefe '  after  his  death,  or  the  death  of  his  heir, 
only  £2  i os.  shall  be  charged.  His  successor  obtained  (455)  a  re- 
duction of  the  charge  to  «£i  i6s. 

Relief  was  a  sum  paid  by  a  tenant  entering  into  possession  of  a 
freehold,  whether  by  succession  or  purchase.  At  this  time  it  seems 
to  have  been  fixed  by  bargain  between  lord  and  tenant.  At 
Garsington  (456),  before  taking  over  lands  held  by  quit-rent  of  half- 
a-marc  (6s.  8d.),  the  new  tenants  bargained  that  'if  hit  hapnid  that 
relef  sholde  be  gife  therof,  thei  sholde  not  gife  but  i  besaunde  of 
golde  for  relefe '.  The  gold  bezant  was  perhaps  worth  a  marc  and 
a  half  (£1).  'Resonable  relef  is  often  expressly  reserved  (804, 
820,  826)  by  a  grantor,  when  he  exempts  the  land  granted  from 
all  other  manorial  claims.  At  a  later  date  we  find  relief  fixed  by 
custom  at  a  sum  equal  to  the  yearly  quit-rent  by  which  the  land 
was  held.  Whether  this  was  regarded  as  '  resonable  '  at  the  time 
of  these  deeds,  there  is  no  means  of  saying. 

Fines.  The  commonest  fine  on  land  was  a  sum  exacted  by  the 
lord  from  the  person  who  was  about  to  enter  on  tenancy  of  a  serf- 
holding,  lands  held  in  'villeinage'.  Its  amount  was  generally  settled 
by  bargain  between  lord  and  serf.  Such  holdings  afterwards  became 
copyholds.  Except  in  the  formulae,  these  fines  are  not  mentioned. 

Escheats  were  holdings  forfeited  to  the  lord  in  consequence  of 
breach  of  some  customs  of  the  manor  (see  below,  under  Customs). 

Reversions  were  holdings  which  returned  to  the  lord,  after  the 
death  of  a  life-rentor,  or  of  the  last  person  entitled  to  it  in  an 
entail  (see  p.  Ixiv,  and  p.  Ixvi). 

Customs.  These  were  very  numerous.  Two  may  be  brought 
in  here,  because  mentioned  in  the  deeds.  Lands  and  houses  in 
villeinage,  or  held  by  any  tenure  which  approached  to  what  is 

e  2 


Ix  Manorial  privileges 

afterwards  called  copyhold,  was  strictly  subjected  to  obligation  to 
keep  in  good  repair.  Neglect  of  repairs  was  one  of  the  breaches  of 
manorial  law  which  justified  recall  of  the  grant  and  re-entry  of 
the  lord  into  possession  of  the  holding,  however  small  the  quit- 
rent  which  he  held  over  it.  The  Godstow  example  is  a  good  one. 
In  Holywell,  Oxford,  about  1200,  Godstow-  held  certain  houses 
(634),  and  was  threatened  with  pams  and  penalties  by  the  feudal 
superior,  the  rector  of  St.  Peter's  in  the  East,  Oxford,  unless  they 
were  put  in  repair.  Doubtless  these  were  the  houses  (636)  after- 
wards held  from  Godstow  by  Fowke  cordwainer  by  a  quit-rent  of 
43.  4d.,  but  held  by  Godstow  from  St.  Peter's  rectory  by  a  quit- 
rent  of  Sd: 

Harbourage  is  also  mentioned.  In  1247,  in  a  su^  (451)  before 
the  justices  at  Oxford,  the  holder  of  lands  at  Fencot,  Oxfordshire, 
stated  that  his  ancestors  had  paid  for  them  to  the  feudal  superiors 
1 55.  bi  yere  and  to  find  to  hem  herborowh',  and  craved  that  in  future 
he  might  hold  the  lands  by  payment  of  Ss.  4d.  yearly  (without 
herborowh)  with  '  homage  and  resonable  relefe'.  This  harbourage 
was  probably  house-room  and  entertainment  for  the  superior  or  his 
representative  when  they  made  a  tour  of  the  estates.  A  similar 
claim  for  hospitality  by  the  archdeacon  and  his  company,  on  his 
visitations,  was  regarded  as  so  formidable  a  burden  that  Godstow, 
at  its  foundation,  bargained  (866-7)  f°r  exemption  from  it.  The 
last  stage  of  this  charge  seems  presented  to  us  at  Winchester, 
where  the  grantor  of  property  reserves  (236)  to  himself  house-room 
in  it  when  he  needs  it,  but  promises  to  pay  for  his  use  of  it.  Com- 
pare  also  the  clause  in  the  lease  (91)  of  Wycombe  rectory,  where 
Godstow  provides  that  'the  abbesse  in  her  every  comyng  shold  have 
easementis  of  houses '  in  the  dwelling-house  and  out-buildings. 

'  Redemptions  or  ayene  biyngis  of  progenitours  or  fadirs  afore,' 
is  an  example  of  a  common  trick  of  the  translator  who  constantly 
gives  a  double  rendering  of  one  Latin  word,  one  rendering  being 
pompous,  the  other  simple.  Here  the  Latin  is  '  redemptiones 
antecessorum '.  I  suppose  that  the  reference  is  to  payments  by 
serfs  to  purchase  their  emancipation. 

Meadows,  &c.  The  clause  '  in  pratis,  pascuis,  et  pasturis '  con- 
stantly recurs.  Its  import  has  been  explained  (pp.  li,  lii). 

Hayes.  The  hedges  meant,  I  suppose,  are  growing-hedges, 
which  were  lopped  at  intervals  to  provide  faggots.  The  right  to 


Manorial  privileges  Ixi 

them  constituted  one  of  the  woodland-rights  (p.  liii)  attached  to 
a  manor,  or  to  land  held  of  it.  Timber-trees  growing  in  such 
hedges  on  serfs'-holdings  belonged  to  the  manor,  and  were  jealously 
watched  (p.  Ixiv)  by  the  lord. 

'Dyches,  watirs,  pondis,  stewes,  ryvers  or  riparies.'  Every 
right  to  the  fish  in  stream  or  pond  was  carefully  guarded  by  the 
landholder  entitled  to  it.  Under  pre-Beformation  regime,  and 
before  improved  land-carriage  brought  into  country-places  the 
harvest  of  the  sea,  freshwater  fish,  however  coarse,  were  of  much 
greater  value  than  now.  There  are  in  these  deeds  numerous  indi- 
cations of  the  high  value  attaching  to  rights  of  fishery.  Fish  from 
Thames  and  Cherwell  still  find  their  way  to  the  slabs  of  Oxford 
fish-shops :  but  nowadays  the  fishery  attached  to  King's  Weir  in 
the  Thames  above  Godstow  would  hardly  be  reckoned  (4,  772)  as 
a  chief  item  in  an  estate ;  nor  would  fisheries  in  Cherwell  (540), 
perhaps  by  Parson's  Pleasure,  or  in  ^the  Thames  at  "Cassington 
(430),  bring  in  a  rent  as  large  as  that  of  a  farm.  Tithe  of  the  eel- 
ponds  at  Woodstock  (894)  was  a  king's  gift.  In  the  same  way, 
when  a  water-mill  is  mentioned,  express  notice  is  taken  of  its 
fishery-rights  in  its  mill-ponds,  as  at  Seckworth  (25)  on  a  branch 
of  Thames,  south-west  of  Godstow,  and  at  Duxford  (15)  on  Thames, 
north  of  Godstow.  In  1540  (Monast.  iv.  371)  we  find  the  fishery  at 
King's  Weir  let  along  with  Wolvercote  mill,  at  a  rent  of  £6  for  the 
two.  Even  meadows  have  their  fishery-right  reckoned  into  their 
value,  as  the  Wyke  (623)  in  Port  Meadow  at  Oxford.  A  pond  on 
a  Gloucestershire  farm  is  counted  worthy  of  separate  mention  (182). 

Ways,  paths.  Rights  of  way  were  of  -considerable  importance. 
One  was  a  subject  of  a  grant  to  Godstow  (287)  at  Bletchingdon, 
At  King's  Clere  in  Hampshire  Godstow  promised  (239)  to  grant 
rights  of  way  over  their  lands.  At  Cassington  Godstow  purchased 
land  to  make  a  way  (408).  At  Cassington  also  in  an  exchange  of 
lands  (327),  part  of  the  bargain  is  for  land  to  get  access  to  the  rest 
of  the  holding.  The  pasture  and  grass  of  such  ways  was  of  value. 

Suits  of  Court.  Suit  of  Court  meant  that  the  tenant  was  bound 
to  attend,  and  to  serve  as  juryman  in,  the  manorial  courts,  or  to 
purchase  exemption.  Originally  the  court  met  every  third  week, 
and  tenants  were  bound  to  attendance  at  all  meetings.  At  Broad 
Blunsdon  (818)  in  Wiltshire  tenants  '  shall  make  sute  of  courte  fro 
three  wokys  unto  thre  wokys '.  And  so  at  Cassington  in  Oxford- 


Ixii  Manorial  privileges — Burdens  on  land 

shire  (432).  Afterwards  the  court  met  at  irregular  intervals,  but 
tenants  were  bound  to  attend  whenever  summoned.  Thus,  at 
Meysey  Hampton  (184),  Gloucestershire,  Godstow  requires  a  tenant 
to  make  'sute  to  the  courte  of  Eton  [Water-eaton  manor  in  Wilt- 
shire, belonging  to  Godstow]  at  the  wille  of  the  abbesse  or  of  her 
baillifes,  as  other  tenantes  of  the  same  abbesse'.  Tenants  often 
bargained  for  a  minimum  of  attendances.  Near  Oxford,  we  find 
Godstow  tenants  subject  to  only  (628)  'twyes  by  the  yere,  sute  to 
ther  courte  of  "Walton',  or  (626)  'sute  of  ii.  chief  courtes/  i.  e.  those 
held  on  the  same  day  as  the  leet-courts. 

Apart  from  the  Court  Baron  was  the  Court  Leet,  which  met  at 
this  time  at  least  once  a  year,  on  a  day  (fix«d  by  the  custom  of  the 
manor)  in  Eastertide  or  Whitsuntide.  In  the  case  of  Godstow's 
manor  of  Walton  the  usual  Leet-day  was  the  second  Tuesday  after 
Easter,  '  Hock-day 3  as  it  was  called,  A  second  leet,  held  about 
Michaelmas,  also  occurs.  The  Court  Leet  represented  a  measure 
of  the  king's  authority,  delegated  to  the  lord  of  the  manor.  It 
controlled  brewers,  bakers,  butchers,  shoemakers,  and  other  trades- 
men ;  judged  and  punished  cases  of  larceny,  assault,  and  breach 
of  the  peace;  punished  persons  who  obstructed  roads  or  blocked 
rights  of  way,  or  neglected  to  repair  roads  or  bridges.  At  this 
court,  therefore,  a  large  attendance  was  desirable,  and  the  deed 
(622)  which  bound  a  Godstow  tenant  to  attend  '  twey  grete  courtis 
at  Myghelmasse  and  at  Hokkeday '  is  no  doubt  a  typical  one. 

This  burden  was  often  the  subject  of  special  grants  to  Godstow. 
Thus,  Roger  de  Quincy,  second  earl  of  Winchester,  about  1260, 
granted  (275)  Godstow  as  a  corporate  body  the  privilege  of  non- 
attendance  at  his  court  at  Brackley,  but  retained  for  Godstow 
tenants  the  obligation  to  personal  attendance. 

In  1540  (Monast.  iv.  374)  we  find  Godstow  paying  a  fixed  sum 
of  2s.  as  '  suit-fine '  for  leave  of  absence  from  the  manorial  court : 
e.g.  to  the  duke  of  Norfolk's  court  at  Bramber  castle,  for  the 
Sussex  estate ;  to  the  earl  of  Huntingdon's  court  for  the  lands  at 
Dinton,  Buckinghamshire. 

Outward   and   inward  service. 

The  services  which  a  holding  owed  to  the  feudal  superior  of 
whom  it  was  held  were  called  '  inward  service ',  a  term  which 
therefore  includes  all  the  burdens  described  above  as  privileges  of 


Burdens  on  land  Ixiii 

the  manor.  '  Outward  service ',  or  '  foreign  service ',  meant  the 
services  which  were  due  elsewhere,  e.  g.  to  the  king.  Thus,  laud 
at  Evenley  in  Northamptonshire  was  granted  (265)  to  Godstow, 
free  '  fro  all  seruice  owtewarde  and  inwarde  for  evir '.  A  Godstow 
grant  (i  1 7)  in  Wycombe  subjects  the  land  conditionally  to  outward 
service,  exemption  being  given  from  '  all  demaundis,  but  hit  were 
to  a  forrenge  courte  and  that  at  ther  resonable  warnyng '. 

Outward   services   due   by  land. 

Lands  owed  suit  and  fees  to  the  courts  of  the  larger  units,  the 
honour,  the  hundred,  the  thrithing,  and  the  shire  (or  the  burgh). 
Our  information  as  to  Godstow's  share  of  these  conies  chiefly  from 
Monasticon,  iv.  371-5,  where,  in  1540,  we  find  Godstow  paying  (a) 
to  the  bailiff  of  the  honour  of  Wallingford  2s.  for  lands  in  Cassing- 
ton  and  6s.  Sd.  for  those  at  Wycombe ;  (b)  6d.  for  the  yardland  at 
Ledwell,  to  Wooton  hundred ;  45.,  for  the  Oxford  St.  Giles's  property 
to  Northgate  hundred  to  be  excused  attendance  at  the  hundred 
court;  (c)  2s.  to  the  sheriff  of  Gloucester,  for  property  in  Gloucester, 
to  be  excused  attendance  at  the  sheriff's  court ;  (d)  35.  gd.  to  the 
hustings  court  of  Oxford  town,  to  be  excused  attendance  at  that 
court,  for  their  Oxford  town  property.  Two  deeds  about  Godstow's 
duty  to  the  hundred-court  of  Stapel  or  Highworth  occur  853-4. 

Lands  had  also  to  contribute  their  share  to  the  fines  by  which 
the  community  made  good  the  crimes  of  individuals,  as  also  to 
the  corve"es  exacted  by  the  king,  when  these  imposts  were 
charged.  The  chief  mention  of  these  is  in  the  charter  (886)  of 
Henry  II,  which  provided,  1182,  that  Godstow  should  be  *  vtterly 
quyte  fro  shires  and  hundredis,  pleis  and  playntis,  helpys  and 
assises,  yelde  and  danegelde,  of  murthere  and  of  theeft,  of  scuage, 
yiftis,  scottis,  and  workes  of  castels  and  bowses,  walles,  parkes, 
stywys,  dichis,  and  briggis,  of  summage  and  cariage,  of  warde  peny 
and  aver  peny,  hundrede  peny  and  thederyng  peny'.  This  exemp- 
tion seems  to  have  extended  only  to  the  properties  which  Godstow 
then  had.  Land  at  Rissington,  Gloucestershire,  was  conveyed  (188) 
to  Godstow  '  acquyted  of  all  sutes,  that  is  to  sey,  of  shire  and  hun- 
dred and  of  ridyng,  uttirly '.  At  King's  Clere  land  was  granted 
(223)  to  Godstow  free  of  'sewte  of  courtes  of  shyrys,  hundredys, 
law-day ',  the  last  being  the  court  leet  (60).  '  Ward  penny '  was 
a  contribution  to  the  payment  of  the  garrison  of  the  chief  castle  in 


Ixiv  Burdens  on  land — Leases  of  lands 

the  district.  In  Berkshire,  e.g.  a  small  holding  (34)  at  Wytham 
paid  a  half-penny  'to  the  warde  of  Wyndesore  whan  hyt  corny th,  at 
every  terme  i-sette  by  the  yere'.  In  Essex,  in  1350,  the  bishop 
of  London's  tenants  at  Wickham  Bishops,  near  Maldon,  paid 
'ward-penny*  yearly  at  Hock-day  to  the  castle  at  Bishop's 
Stortford,  in  Herts. 

Management   of  estates. 

Leases  and  grants  by  Grodstow  and  other  landowners  occupy 
a  very  large  part  of  the  Register.  We  may  therefore  condense  the 
information  contained  in  them  and  reduce  it  to  order,  taking,  first 
of  all,  agricultural  land,  and  next,  house  property. 

Leases  of  lands. 

Leases  for  terms  of  years.  We  have  a  ten-years  lease  (696), 
with  compensation  to  tenant  for  improvements  made  during  the 
lease;  a  twelve-years  lease  (813),  with  (contrary  to  the  usual  prac- 
tice) power  to  sublet ;  a  sixteen-years  lease  (482),  with  tillage 
speculations;  a  lease  (630)  for  ten  years  certain,  with  extension  to 
a  second  ten  years  term,  if  either  husband  or  wife  live  so  long, 
with  right  to  the  standing  crops  at  the  end  of  the  lease,  but 
reservation  by  the  lessor  of  powers  to  resume  possession  if  the 
land  is  not  tilled  every  year.  Tillage  conditions  occur  among  the 
complicated  provisions  of  the  lease  (91)  of  Wycombe  rectory. 
There  are  two  instances  (524,  620)  of  permanent  increase  of  rent, 
because  the  lessor  had  advanced  money  on  the  land.  Leases  (431, 
483)  often  expressly  reserve  the  timber.  Power  of  distraint  for 
rent  is  reserved  (630)  over  even  the  plough-beasts,  in  contradiction 
of  the  old  feudal  custom  of  waynage. 

Leases  for  lives.  Of  leases  for  one  life,  a  typical  instance  (184) 
specifies  payment  of  a  lump  sum,  a  small  yearly  rent  during  the 
lease,  and  suit  to  court.  In  another  (627)  £2  6s.  8d.  was  paid 
down;  the  rent  per  annum  per  acre  was  6d. ;  suit  to  court 
is  not  mentioned.  Among  leases  for  two  lives,  we  may  instance 
a  lease  (453)  to  husband  and  wife  and  the  longest  liver  of  them ; 
a  similar  lease  (742),  but  with  reservation  by  the  lessor  of  right 
of  re-entry  at  the  end  of  the  first  ten  years  another  (818),  with 
extension  for  one  year  after  the  second  decease,  to  allow  of  the 
estate  being  wound  up.  A  fishery  is  leased  (540)  to  the  longest 


Leases  of  lands — Leases  of  house-property         Ixv 

liver  of  two  partners.  Among  leases  for  three  lives,  we  have 
a  lease  (637)  to  husband,  wife,  and  daughter;  a  lease  (663)  to  hus- 
band, wife,  and  possibly  son-in-law  ;  a  lease  (731)  to  husband,  wife, 
and  son,  with  obligation  on  the  lessor  to  find  straw  for  repairs. 

A  complicated  lease  (228)  at  King's  Clere  granted  the  land  to 
the  son  on  payment  of  rent  in  money,  but  if  he  predeceased  his 
father,  it  was  to  pass  in  life-rent  to  the  father,  to  be  held  not  by 
money  but  by  the  old  services  (p.  Iviii). 

Perpetual  leases  are  found,  e.g.  to  St.  Oswald's  priory,  Gloucester, 
of  land  (174)  in  Gloucester;  and  to  Burford  priory,  of  land  (284) 
at  Asthall-lejgh,  after  trouble  ,(283)  about  the  rent.  Grants  to 
heirs  and  assigns  abound,  amounting  to  perpetual  leases,  at  a  small 
quit-rent. 

In  .1540  (Monast.  iv.  371)  we  find  the  receiver-general  of 
Godstow  making  two  progresses  each  year  to  collect  the  rents. 

Leases  of  house-property. 

Leases  of  house-property  bind  the  tenant  to  keep  the  buildings 
in  repair  ;  forbid  subletting  without  leave ;  and  reserve  powers  of 
distraint  and  re-entry.  After  these  general  features  we  have  a  great 
variety  of  special  provisions.  We  have  leases  for  40  years  (632)  ; 
for  40  years  (7*10),  unless  cut  short  by  death  of  the  lessee;  for  60 
years  (631).  We  have  also  leases  for  lives,  as  (685)  to  husband  and 
wife ;  or  (706)  to  husband  for  life  and  to  his  wife  during  her  widow- 
hood; frequently  (261,  263,  629,  656)  to  husband,  wife,  and  son, 
and  (648)  to  husband  and  wife  and  for  life-term  of  their  children. 

Building  leases. 

There  are  several  leases  with  definite  provisions  as  to  new&uildings 
to  be  erected  on  the  site.  Thus,  there  is  an  agreement  (85)  to 
remit  arrears  of  a  rent-charge,  on  condition  of  the  tenant  rebuilding ; 
a  lease  (180)  for  70  years,  the  tenant  being  bound  to  'make  oon 
competente  howse  newe  there,  with  his  own  costes  and  expensis, 
within  the  3ere  next  folowyng';  a  lease  (655),  to  husband  and  wife 
and  the  longest  liver  of  them ;  a  lease  (683),  to  husband  and  wife, 
the  rent  to  be  raised  after  the  first  ten  years;  a  lease  (628),  to 
husband,  wife,  and  daughter,  and  to  the  longest  liver  of  them ; 
a  lease  (633),  to  husband,  wife,  and  daughter,  but  the  whole  term 
of  the  lease  not  to  exceed  20  years. 


Ixvi  Leases  of  house-property 

Grants  to  heirs  of  body. 

Grants  of  house-property  are  often  made  to  people  and  their 
heirs  of  body,  and  form  a  sort  of  long  lease  of  speculative  duration. 
A  messuage  (625)  was  granted  to  Richard  of  Handborough  and  '  his 
heiris  of  his  body  lawfully  i-gote',  at  a  quit-rent  of  135.  ^d. 
yearly,  with  suit  to  court  twice  a  year,  under  obligation  to  repair, 
and  not  to  transfer  the  property  without  leave.  Another  messuage 
(626)  was  granted  to  Robert  of  Milton  '  and  to  the  heires  of  his  body 
lawfully  begote',  quit-rent  to  be  133.  ^d.  yearly,  with  'ii.  dayes 
journey  in  hervest',  twice  suit  of  court,  under  covenant  not  to 
sell  or  assign,  and  under  obligations  to  repair  and  to  find 
a  '  borow '  (surety)  for  payment  of  the  rent.  Similarly,  two  mes- 
suages (693)  were  granted  to  William  le  gloser  'and  to  his  heires  of 
his  body  i-gote ' ;  quit-rent  to  be  id.  at  Easter  ;  the  property  not 
to  be  sold,  given  away,  or  mortgaged ;  if  said  William  die  without 
heir  of  body,  *  anon  after  the  decesse  '  the  messuages  shall  '  turne 
agayn '  to  the  grantor  and  his  heirs, 

Special  provisions  in  leases. 

Some  exceptional  provisions  of  the  leases  may  be  brought 
together,  as  acquiring  added  interest  by  comparison. 

In  1331,  in  the  lease  (91)  of  Wycombe  rectory  we  have  an  anti- 
cipation of  the  '  war-risks '  of  modern  insurance.  The  lessees 
'pease  I-supposed  and  had  of  that  countre,  shold  susteyne  and  leve 
that  manere  aforsaid  in  al  so  good  state  or  better  then  they 
resceived  hit,  and  they  sholde  repaire  sufficiantly  the  chauncell  of  the 
said  chirche  in  all  coueryng  to  all  that  terme  aforsaid,  all  casis  of 
fortune  out-take  (the  which  shold  not  be  put  to  them) '. 

The  provisions  in  prospect  of  accident  by  fire  or  flood  are  note- 
worthy. In  Oxford,  the  tenant  of  Ship  hall  was  bound  (562) 
to  rebuild,  if  the  fire  began  in  the  house  itself :  if  the  fire  came  from 
outside,  the  lessor  was  to  be  responsible.  In  the  country,  where 
the  buildings  stood  alone,  the  tenant  was  made  to  take  all  risks. 
The  grant  (161),  subject  to  a  yearly  quit-rent,  of  Frampton  mill 
gave  Godstow  extensive  powers  of  distraint  to  compel  the  tenant 
to  rebuild  if  the  mill  were  'drownid,  brennid,  or  distruid  bi 
defaute  of  amendinge  '.  So  also  (15)  at  Duxford  mills. 

An  agreement  (143)  as  to  payment  of  a  rent-charge  from  Maiden- 
Newton,  Dorsetshire,  contains  odd  arrangements  as  to  payment  at 


Special  covenants  in  leases — Terms  of  payment     Ixvii 

a  given  place  and  entertainment  of  the  messenger  who  brought  the 
money  during  his  necessary  stay  at  that  place. 

Special  covenants  in  leases. 

In  one  lease  (631)  for  a  long  term  of  years,  a  clause  is  inserted 
granting  the  lessee  or  his  heir  the  first  offer  of  a  new  lease  when 
the  old  one  expires. 

Several  of  the  distraint  clauses  have  individual  peculiarities. 
In  one  grant  (136)  the  tenant  is  bound,  in  his  own  disparagement,  to 
keep  up  on  the  site  of  a  house  '  sufficient  to  neme  and  to  distreyne 
for  the  forsaid  rente  and  the  arreragis  of  hit,  yf  ther  happened 
ony '.  In  other  agreements  (460-1)  the  tenant  finds  sureties  who 
jointly  with  him  pledge  themselves  to  submit  to  distraint  either  by 
the  bailiff  of  Godstow  or  by  an  officer  of  the  king.  At  Duxford 
(9,  15)  and  in  St.  Michael's  North  Gate,  Oxford  (678),  and  at 
Gloucester  (176),  we  seem  to  have  acceptance  of  permanent  reduc- 
tion in  the  amount  of  a  rent-charge  in  order  to  secure  more  effective 
powers.  At  Asthall-leigh  (283)  we  have  a  peculiar  case.  The 
tenant,  after  incurring  a  considerable  debt  for  arrears  of  quit-rent, 
had  granted  a  ten  year**  lease  of  the  property  to  a  sub-tenant.  This 
sub-tenant  paid  Godstow  a  fee  to  persuade  the  convent  not  to  dis- 
train on  the  property  for  the  arrears  until  after  his  lease  had  run 
out.  The  '  custom  of  Oxford '  as  regards  sale  of  goods  seized  in 
distraint  is  mentioned  (628),  about  1300. 

Terms  of  payment. 

There  is  an  extraordinary  variety  in  the  dates  at  which  rents  and 
quit-rents  were  required  to  be  paid. 

In  the  case  of  payments  once  a  year,  Michaelmas  was  probably 
the  most  usual  term.  Next  in  frequency  come  Easter  and  Christ- 
mas, the  one  occurring  about  as  often  as  the  other.  Then, 
"Whitsuntide  and  Martinmas  (Nov.  n),  less  frequently  than  the 
preceding,  but  about  an  equal  number  of  times  with  each  other. 
We  have  also : — Hilary  (Jan.  13 :  174),  Ladyday  (March  25  :  180), 
Octave  of  Easter  (384),  Peter  and  Paul  (June  29  :  394),  Lammas 
(Aug.  i:  351),  Bartholomew  (Aug.  24:  586),  Nativity  of  Mary 
(Sept.  8:  641),  Frideswyde  (Oct.  19:  683),  Lucy  (Dec.  13:  813), 
Thomas  the  apostle  (Dec.  21 :  429). 

Half-yearly   payments  are    most   frequently   at   Ladyday   and 


Ixviii       Tei^ms  of  payment — Payments  in  kind 

Michaelmas,  but  Easter  and  Michaelmas  are  often  found.  "We  have 
also  Natale  of  Mary  (Jan.  i)  and  Michaelmas  (13);  Candlemas 
(Feb.  2)  and  Midsummer  (161);  Ladyday  (91)  and  Margaret 
(July  20);  Ladyday  and  Lammas  (84);  Ladyday  (268)  and 
Assumption  of  Mary  (Aug.  15);  Ladyday  (524)  and  All  Saints 
(Nov.  i);  Midlent  and  Michaelmas  (217);  Palm  Sunday  and 
Michaelmas  (526);  Easter  Monday  and  Michaelmas  (548,  549); 
Hockday  (2nd  Tuesday  after  Easter)  and  Michaelmas  (815); 
Hockday  and  All  Saints  (664) ;  Ascensiontide  and  Martinmas 
(630);  Whitsuntide  and  Martinmas  (195);  Octave  of  Whitsuntide 
and  Octave  of  Martinmas  (241);  Octave  of  Whitsuntide  and 
Octave  of  All  Saints  (308);  Midsummer  and  Michaelmas  (223); 
Midsummer  (70)  and  Andrew  (Nov.  30) ;  Midsummer  and  Thomas 
Apostle  (461) ;  Midsummer  and  Christmas  (488).  The  combination 
Sexagesima  Sunday  and  Midlent  Sunday  (252)  was  made  under 
special  circumstances.  It  renders  possible  the  conjunction  of 
Michaelmas  and  Christmas  (279). 

The  most  frequent  set  of  quarterly  terms  is  Easter,  Midsummer, 
Michaelmas,  and  Christmas.  Another  common  set  is  Ladyday, 
Midsummer,  Michaelmas,  Christmas;  and  another  Ladyday,  Mid- 
summer, Michaelmas,  Thomas  Apostle.  "We  are  told  (685)  that 
Thomas  Apostle  was  the  usual  term-day  in  Oxford.  Another  com- 
bination is  (561)  Easter,  Michaelmas,  Martinmas,  Christmas. 

Payments  at  three  terms  of  the  year  are  also  found,  especially  at 
Brackley  in  Northamptonshire.  Candlemas,  Midsummer,  Michael- 
mas (257,  855)  ;  Candlemas,  Whitsuntide,  Michaelmas  (256,  263, 
617);  Candlemas,  Trinity. Sunday,  Michaelmas  (261). 

Payments  in  -money  and  in  kind. 

Payments  of  rent  wholly  or  partly  in  kind  have  been  mentioned 
(p.  Ivii).  The  same  thing  occurs  with  ordinary  bargains  and 
purchases.  Thus,  for  land  in  St.  Giles,  Oxford  (583)  an  annuity  of 
6  quarters  of  wheat  was  asked.  Other  payments  are : — 35.  and 
i  quarter  of  wheat  (387)^;  i  marc  of  silver  and  half  a  quarter  of 
beans  (408) ;  ros.  of  silver  and  12  bushels  of  wheat  (404) ;  7  marcs 
and  two  loads  of  barley  (572).  At  Gloucester  (173)  payment  is  made 
in  money,  in  wheat,  and  in  rye.  We  have  also  (215)  .£3  185.  4$.  in 
money,  and  two  silver  cups;  and  (384)  £46  135.  4^.  in  money 
with  a  palfrey  '  of  the  price  of  v.  marc ' ;  and  (60 1)  405.  to  the  bus- 


Payments  in  kind  Ixix 

band  and  to  the  wife  '  i  curtell  (kirtle)  of  Irissh  clothe  '.  Of  com- 
plimentary payments  between  great  folk  we  find  (197)  silver  cups 
given  for  a  grant.  Of  farm  bargains,  we  have  (480)  surrender  of 
a  lease  and  of  certain  standing  crops  in  lieu  of  any  money  payment. 

Marriage  and  dower. 

Frequent  allusions  are  found  to  the  relations  between  property  and 
married  women,  but,  as  was  to  be  expected,  they  are  all  very  slight. 
Dr.  John  Cowell,  in  The  Interpreter  (1607^  under  the  word  '  dower ' 
bewails  the  confounding  in  English  law,  under  the  same  name,  of 
two  distinct  things  (a)  the  portion  given  to  a  wife  by  her  own 
kindred,  (b)  the  rights  over  her  husband's  property  acquired  by  the 
wife  through  her  marriage. 

The  former  of  these,  viz.  lands  belonging  to  the  wife  in  her  own 
right,  were  at  this  time  often  called  '  marriage ',  and  examples  occur 
in  nos.  145,  342,  517,  862.  The  variant  'fre  marriage*  applied 
specially  to  grants  in  which  the  wife's  kinsman  gave  the  land  free 
from  feudal  superiorities  for  two  generations.  Instances  occur  (353, 
749)  of  the  deed  of  entail  by  which  the  maritagium  was  governed. 
The  recognition  of  the  necessity  of  providing  a  portion  for 
a  marriageable  woman  is  attested  by  the  deed  (482)  in  which 
Maud  Eace  raises  money  for  her  *  grete  nede,  that  is  to  sey,  to  mary 
her  doughtirs',  and  in  the  confirmation  (484)  of  that  deed  by 
her  son. 

The  rights  which  came  to  the  wife  by  her  marriage  were  of  two 
sorts.  In  some  cases,  the  amount  of  the  jointure  which  the  widow 
should  enjoy  was  determined  by  a  special  gift  (650),  made  by  the 
husband  according  to  old  custom  at  the  door  of  the  church  on 
coming  out  from  the  wedding.  In  the  absence  of  such  special 
provision,  the  widow  was  entitled,  for  her  widowhood,  to  a  third 
part  of  her  husband's  lands  (268).  Instances  abound  in  which 
Godstow,  having  bought  a  property  from  the  husband,  after  his 
death  buys  also  the  widow's  jointure-right.  Thus  (415)  at 
Cassington  a  widow  '  in  her  lawfull  wedowhode  and  with  her  owne 
fre  wille,  relesed  and  quyte-claimed  to  ...  Godstow  ...  for  ever, 
all  her  right  and  clayme  that  she  had  or  in  ony  wyse  myght  have 
by  the  name  of  her  dowre  ...  in  all  ...  londes  .  . .  that  at  that 
tyme  were  or  ever  shold  be  of  the  fee  of  William  somtyme  her 
husbonde'.  Similarly,  at  Milcomb,  a  widow  surrendered  (481)  'all 


Ixx         Marriage  portions  and  jointures — Money 

the  right  and  clayme  that  she  had  or  myght  have  by  the  name 
her  dowry  in  the  third  parte  of  xvi.  acres  of  arable  lond '  once  held 
by  her  husband.  It  would  appear  (482-4)  that,  before  a  widow 
could  grant  a  lease  of  her  jointure-land,  she  had  to  obtain  the 
consent  of  the  reversionary  heir. 

In  one  deed  (379)  the  'marriage'  and  the  'dower'  seem  joined 
together,  the  text  running  'all  her  right  that  she  had  or  might 
have  bothe  by  her  dowry  and  by-cause  of  her  marriage '. 

It  is  probably  to  the  reversionary  rights  of  the  wife  to  jointure, 
and  of  the  son  to  inheritance,  that  we  are  to  ascribe  the  addition  of 
complimentary  payments  to  the  wife,  or  to  the  wife  and  son,  beyond 
the  payment  to  the  actual  seller  of  the  land.  Isold  of  Middleton, 
buying  (60 1)  the  interest  of  Thomas  Scott  and  his  wife  Lucy  in 
a  messuage,  '  yaf  to  them  xl.  shillings  of  sterlyngis  before  handis 
in  warison  and  i  curtell  to  the  said  Luce  of  Irissh  clothe.'  At 
Eissington,  Gloucestershire,  the  purchaser  paid  (i 88)  to  the  seller 
of  the  land  '  before  handis  vi.  mark  of  silver,  and  to  Sibile  his  wyf, 
xiid. ',  and  Godstow,  in  the  same  parish  (190),  paid  to  the  seller 
'  ix.  marke  of  silver  into  waryson,  and  to  Sibille  his  wyf,  half 
a  marke'.  Similarly,  at  Cassington,  a  purchaser  gave  (336)  to  the 
seller  and  his  wife  '  ii.  besauntis  and  to  William  his  sone  a  swerde 
price  of  xiief. ';  and  another  paid  (344)  to  the  seller  and  his  wife 
'  xx.  shillings  of  sterlyngis  and  to  Peter  ther  sone  and  heire,  xiid.' 
Other  references  are  188,  463,  574. 

Genealogies. 

Mr.  J.  Horace  Round  has  shown  that  certain  of  these  Godstow 
deeds  (847-9)  furnish  the  clue  which  explains  an  intricate  point  in 
the  history  of  the  Earldom  of  Hereford.  It  is  possible  that  slight 
additions  to  other  family  trees,  as,  e.  g.  to  that  of  the  Despencers, 
may  be  made  by  experts,  now  that  all  the  Godstow  deeds  are 
accessible. 

Money. 

Two  circumstances  show  that,  for  the  most  part,  the  penny  was 
the  unit  of  reckoning  in  the  people's  thoughts.  Where  the  amount 
is  one  shilling  it  is  never  so  expressed,  but  always  twelve-pence, 
xiid.  We  find  (353,  439) '  pennies '  used  as  equivalent  to  '  money '. 
The  best  instance  occurs  in  1259,  when,  in  regard  of  53  marcs 


Money  Ixxi 

(£35  6s.  8d.),  the  place  is  specified  (76)  in  which  '  the  seyd  penyes 
shold  be  payd '. 

In  the  deeds,  in  reckonings  by  pennies,  we  have  certain  sets  of 
multiples  of  the  penny  whose  constant  recurrence  suggests  three 
primitive  ways  of  counting  by  application  of  the  fingers.  For 
large  sums,  we  assume  that  a  bag  of  pennies  was  emptied  on 
a  table  and  that  all  the  fingers  and  thumbs  of  both  hands  were 
used  to  push  out  tens.  We  have  thus  an  extremely  common  series, 
iod.,  2od.,  4od.,  Sod.  This  last,  i.e.  65.  8d.>  is  the  oft-mentioned 
half-marc.  Its  double,  i6od.,  is  the  marc  (135.  4c?.),  and  was  the 
unit  in  general  use  to  express  the  larger  sums  of  money.  For 
smaller  sums,  one  way  of  count  may  have  been  with  the  fourth  and 
little  fingers  folded  in  and  the  thumb  and  two  fingers  used  to  push 
out  threes,  so  yielding  the  constantly  recurring  series,  yd.,  6d.,  gd., 
izd.,  i'5<£,  iSd.,  2id.  The  four  fingers  without  the  thumb  account 
for  another  set  of  multiples,  4^.,  8d.,  i2d.,  i6d. 

Where  the  shilling  is  used  as  the  unit,  the  reckoning  proceeds  by. 
the  same  multiples  of  ten,  three,  four.  The  pound  is  rarely  men- 
tioned, its  place  being  taken  by  20$.,  40$.,  6os.,  8os.,  IOQS.  The 
crown  is  not  mentioned,  but  its  existence  may  be  perhaps  inferred 
from  our  never  finding  300?.,  but  always  23.  6d.  (i.  e.  half  a  crown). 

The  bezant  of  gold  is  mentioned  once  (456),  The  bezant  of 
silver,  probably  worth  23.,  occurs  more  frequently  (336,  527,  &c.). 
This  25.,  coin  is  also  called  (151)  a  gulden. 

In  almost  every  place  where  money  is  mentioned,  the  words  '  of 
silver '  or  '  of  sterlings '  are  added ;  thus  (352}'  x.  marke  of  siluer ', 
and  (617,  844)'  id.  of  siluer',  and  (350) '  xx.  shillings  of  sterlyngis '. 
Note  must  be  made,  however,  of  the  deed  (466)  at  Langford,  on 
the  debatable  land  between  Berkshire  and  Oxfordshire,  which 
directs  payment  of  '  xiid.  at  Estir  of  the  most  used  money  in  the 
towne  of  Langeford,  unto  the  workes  of '  Lincoln  Minster. 

Ecclesiastical  Notes. 

The  foregoing  notes  have  all  had  reference  to  matters  civil.  We 
turn  now  to  church  affairs  and  find  bits  of  information,  scanty  and 
scrappy,  but  capable  of  being  soldered  into  distinct  heads. 

Formation  of  parishes. 

We  have  several  hints  as  to  the  manner  in  which  English  land 
became  portioned  out  into  parishes.  Perhaps  the  most  interesting 


Ixxii  Formation  of  parishes 

of  these  deeds,  being  also  the  ones  in  which  Godstow  was  most 
nearly  concerned,  describe  the  ecclesiastical  partition  of  the  district 
outside  the  north  waft  of  Oxford  between  the  parallel  streams  of 
Thames  and  Cherwell,  which  formed  part  of  the  ancient  franchises 
(p;  xxi)  of  the  town.  The  suggestion  of  these  deeds  is  that,  just 
after  the  Norman  conquest  this  district  presented  only  bare  fields 
and  meadow,  the  tillers  of  the  soil  perhaps  driving  out  their  cattle 
from  the  shelter  of  the  city  wall  and  trench  in  the  morning  and 
bringing  them  back  in  the  evening.  At  this  time  the  land  was 
known  by  three  vague  names,  Walton  being  the  strip  which  lay 
nearest  the  Thames  on  the  west,  Holywell  skirting  the  Cherwell 
on  the  east  and  extending  northwards  as  far  as  "Wolvercote,  and 
Beaumont  (continued  northwards  by  Bradmore)  occupying  the 
middle  space.  Ecclesiastically,  Walton  and  Beaumont  belonged  to 
the  church  of  St.  George  in  the  Castle,  Holywell  and  Wolvercote 
to  St.  Peter's  in  the  East.  The  boundary  between  the  two  is  now 
represented  by  the  road  which  runs  north  past  Wadham  College 
and  the  Parks.  A  diagram  will  serve  to  make  this  plain. 

BradmoreV 

o  I  y  w  e   II 


Ditch  ==    Parish  Boundary  _^  __ 


About  1 1  oo,  considerable  changes  were  made.  The  castellans 
of  Oxford,  the  great  D'oylly  family,  when  they  turned  St.  George's 
into  a  conventual  church,  divided  its  parish  into  two,  building  the 
churches  of  St.  Nicholas  (afterwards  St.  Thomas  Becket),  to  which 
the  western  suburb  and  Walton  were  assigned,  and  St.  Mary 
Magdalene,  which  received  Beaumont.  Eilwyne,  son  of  Godegose, 


Formation  of  parishes 


Ixxiii 


otherwise  unknown,  obtained  further  north  a  great  stretch  of  land 
for  the  church  which  he  built  and  dedicated  to  St.  Giles,  the 
favourite  patron  saint  { in  the  fields '.  The  rector  of  the  rich 
benefice  of  St.  Peter  in  the  East  built,  or  allowed  to  be  built, 
churches  at  Holywell  and  Wolvercote,  but  retained  them  in  subjec- 
tion as  chapels-of-ease  to  St.  Peter's.  This  is  shown  in  a  second 
diagram. 


\ 


to  Wolvercote  Chapel 
*  Zfimiks 


9  Giles 


Holycross  Chapej^ 


-^Nicholas 

(St  Thomas) 


The  boundaries  must  have  been  vague,  arable  land  then  lying 
in  intermingled  strips.  Hence  came  great  lawsuits  about  tithes, 
between  Oseney  abbey,  as  rector  of  St.  George's  (and  the  daughter 
churches  St.  Nicholas  and  St.  Mary  Magdalene),  and  Godstow,  as 
rector  of  St.  Giles's,  1190  onwards  (493-9). 

In  the  same  way,  Easington,  Oxfordshire,  was  originally  a  chapel- 
of-ease  of  Pirton  parish,  and  we  have  a  record  of  the  suit  (440) 
which  erected  it  into  an  independent  parish. 

Dinton  in  Buckinghamshire  gives  a  striking  example  of  the  way 
in  which  the  accumulation  of  church  lands  in  monastic  hands 
impoverished  and  choked  the  growth  of  church  life  in  rural  England. 
The  lord  of  the  manor  had  built  (60)  a  chapel  in  the  hamlet  of 
Ford  in  that  large  parish  (3,800  acres),  and  given  a  yardland  to  the 

f 


Ixxiv      Formation  of  parishes — Monastic  chapels 

rectory  of  Dinton  to  provide  for  service  (64)  in  Ford  chapel  three 
days  a  week.  Then,  yielding  to  the  passion  of  the  age  for  conventual 
life,  his  successor  bestowed  (52)  the  rectory  of  Dinton,  with  (of  course) 
the  yardland,  on  Godstow,  and  the  convent  became  responsible  for  the 
services  alike  of  the  parish  church  of  Dinton  and  of  its  chapel-of-ease 
at  Ford.  Under  this  arrangement,  the  income  of  the  church  of 
Dinton  was  spent  at  Godstow,  and  the  services  at  Dinton  performed 
by  a  chaplain  named  by  Godstow  and  paid  such  allowance  as  he 
and  the  convent  agreed  upon.  We  next  find  (64)  the  chaplain  in 
question  protesting  that  his  income  was  too  small  to  bear  the 
burden  of  the  duty  in  the  chapel-of-ease.  The  Court  Leet  of  Dinton 
manor  (60),  the  king's  court  for  the  county  (61),  and  the  diocesan's 
official  (62)  successively  try  to  compel  the  chaplain  to  maintain  the 
services.  In  the  end,  if  we  may  judge  by  a  deed  (65)  of  1374?  the 
inhabitants  of  Ford  clubbed  together  to  pay  a  chaplain  of  their  own, 
and  obtained  leave  from  the  diocesan  to  have  the  services  in  Ford 
chapel  performed  by  this  chaplain. 

Water-eaton  by  Cricklade  was,  in  the  same  way,  a  chapel-of-ease 
of  Eisey  parish.  In  this  case  the  interests  of  the  chapel-of-ease 
were  watched  over  by  Godstow,  the  owner  of  the  manor  of  Water- 
eaton,  and  those  of  the  parish  church  by  its  rector/being  a  powerful 
monastery,  Cirencester  abbey.  We  thus  get  unusually  fall 
statements  (851-2)  both  of  the  services  a  chapel-of-ease  claimed 
from  the  mother  church,  and  of  the  emoluments  the  rectory  received 
from  the  chapel. 

The  situation  at  Milcomb  has  peculiarities  of  its  own.  There 
Godstow  and  Einsham  abbey  contribute  towards  the  settlement  of 
a  chaplain  (478),  and  the  tithes  of  the  chapelry  are  the  subject  of 
dispute  between  two  adjacent  parishes,  Bloxham  and  Wigginton. 

Monastic  chapels. 

It  is  well  known  that  the  rectors  of  parish  churches  looked 
askance  on  the  erection  within  their  limits  of  monastic  or  semi- 
monastic  chapels.  They  feared  that  the  more  popular  chapel  would 
lessen  the  reputation,  offerings,  and  legacies  of  the  parish  church. 
Accordingly,  among  the  causes  of  excommunication  they  got  a  clause 
inserted  forbidding  the  regular  clergy  from  inducing  people  (p.  x) 
to  desire  burial  in  a  conventual  chapel  rather  than  in  their  parish 
church.  It  was  with  extreme  reluctance  that  they  consented  to  the 


Monastic  chapels — Impropriation  of  rectories     Ixxv 

building  of  such  chapels  and  the  opening  of  their  services  to 
outsiders.  When  a  religious  house  was  rector  of  a  parish  church 
it  shared  to  the  full  in  this  antipathy  to  monastic  chapels.  In 
Wycombe  it  was  only  after  appeal  to  Rome  that  the  Master  and 
Brethren  of  St.  John  Baptist's  Hospital  obtained  the  consent  of 
Godstow,  as  rector  of  Wycombe,  to  having  public  services  in  the 
Hospital  chapel,  and  even  then  their  charter  (99),  in  many  odd 
particulars,  compelled  them  to  contribute  to  the  prestige  and  to  the 
revenues  of  the  parish  church. 

Imjrropriation  of  rectories. 

The  manner  in  which  the  impropriation  of  rectories  by  monastic 
houses  was  worked  is  shown  in  one  or  two  places.  At  first,  the 
monastery  took  the  whole  revenues  of  the  church,  paying  only 
a  small  pension  to  a  cleric,  who  was  called  a  chaplain  of  Godstow, 
to  perform  the  services.  The  position  of  this  cleric  was  doubly 
insecure.  He  might  be  dismissed  by  the  bishop  on  ecclesiastical 
grounds.  The  privileges  of  Godstow  entitled  the  abbess  to  remove 
him  from  his  chaplaincy,  much  at  her  own  will  and  pleasure.  This 
was  the  state  of  affairs  created  by  the  grant  (4,  866)  of  Alexander, 
Bishop  of  Lincoln,  in  1 139  ;  confirmed,  fifty  years  later,  by  Bishop 
Hugh  of  Avalon  (869);  confirmed  also  (902)  by  Pope  Celestine 
III,  about  1192.  It  would  appear  that  the  Lateran  Council,  1215, 
dealt  with  this  matter.  At  any  rate,  immediately  after  its  session, 
we  find  chaplains  paid  at  the  discretion  of  and  removable  at  the 
will  of  the  abbess  replaced  by  perpetual  vicars,  who  cannot  be 
removed  except  by  the  bishop  for  ecclesiastical  offence,  and  are  paid 
by  certain  dues  and  tithes  secured  by  the  deed  which  established 
the  vicarages.  Hence  we  have  the  long  and  interesting  deed  (871), 
in  which  Bishop  Hugh  of  Welles,  1221,  c  ordeyned,  by  the  autorite 
of  the  couucel,  in  the  churchy s  of  Wycombe,  Bloxham,  and  of  seynt 
Gylys  without  Oxenford  .  .  .  perpetual  vicarys  at  the  presentacion 
of  ...  Godstowe.' 

The  grant  of  a  rectory  was  often  made  subject  to  the  life-interest 
of  the  then  rector,  as  at  Bloxham  (306)  and  Dinton  (53),  and  the 
impropriation  was  delayed  till  his  death  or  cession. 

Another  plan  was  to  assign  to  the  monastic  house  a  pension  out 
of  the  revenues  of  the  church,  and,  subject  to  that  charge,  to  leave 
the  parson  of  the  church  in  his  former  position.  This  was  done  at 

f  2 


Ixxvi  Impropriation  of  rectories — Tithes 

Lamyat  in  Somerset  (780-1),  Farringdon  in  Hampshire  (2O\ 
Easington  in  Oxfordshire  (442),  St.  Mary  le  Crypt  in  Gloucester 
(163-4),  and  Daglingworth  in  Gloucestershire  (150).  From  the 
number  of  confirmations  and  suits  connected  with  such  pensions,  it 
is  plain  that  the  tax  was  bitterly  resented  by  the  parochial  clergy. 
There  is  a  lease  (91)  of  the  rectory  of  Wy combe  in  1331,  which 
contains  many  interesting  details. 

Tithes. 

The  deeds  contain  a  multitude  of  references  to  tithe,  but  the  in- 
formation is  often  vague,  and  much  of  the  earlier  part  results  in 
mere  guess-work. 

In  the  earliest  period  of  all,  the  suggestion  of  the  deeds  is  that 
a  lord  of  a  manor  was  under  obligation  to  pay  tithes,  but  had  free 
choice  of  the  church  to  which  he  paid  them.  In  the  next  period, 
we  find  the  tithe-payer  assigning  his  tithes  permanently  to  some 
particular  church  or  convent,  by  a  deed  which  neither  he  nor  his 
heirs  could  afterwards  recall.  Thus,  before  1140,  Walter,  arch- 
deacon of  Oxford,  assigned  to  St.  Giles's  church  the  tithe  of  his  land 
(570)  in  Walton,  but  to  Godstow  the  tithe  of  his  land  (436)  in 
Cutslow.  At  Sewkeworth,  we  have  three  separate  assignments  of 
tithe  (25-7),  tithe  of  the  corn-mills  to  Godstow,  tithe  of  the 
fulling-mills  to  Godstow,  tithe  of  meadow  to  Sewkeworth  church. 
At  Wycombe,  certain  land-owners  had  assigned  the  tithes  of  their 
lands  (93-4)  to  Bee  abbey  in  Normandy.  At  Bloxham,  Aniary  of 
St.  Amand  assigned  (310)  the  tithes  of  his  lands  to  Godstow;  and 
as  late  as  1338,  Sir  Roger  Beauchamp  granted  (312)  the  tithes  of 
his  Bloxham  lands  to  Godstow.  In  this  latter  instance,  the  grant 
included  tithe  of  assarts  (p.  liii). 

From  the  Wycornbe  deeds  (93-4)  the  inference  is  that,  when  the 
lord  of  a  manor  bestowed  his  tithe  on  a  church  other  than  the 
church  of  the  parish  in  which  his  lands  lay,  church  custom  strictly 
reserved  to  the  parish  church  the  tithe  of  each  thirtieth  acre. 

We  find  a  multitude  of  suits  about  tithe,  many  of  them  decided 
only  after  appeal  (xlvii)  to  Rome. 

The  ground  of  dispute  was  often  indistinctness  of  boundaries,  as 
apparently  at  Walton  outside  Oxford  (493,  498-9)  and  at  Milcombe 
near  Bloxham  (476-7).  In  other  cases  a  papal  privilege  clashed 
with  the  common  law  of  England.  In  1192  Pope  Celestine  Ill's 


Tithes — Great  and  small  tithes  Ixxvii 

charter  (902)  granted  to  Godstow  that  'no  man  shall  presume  to 
take  or  aske  of  yow  tythes  of  youre  noualle  that  ye  tele  with  youre 
hondes  or  costis,  or  of  the  norisshyng  of  youre  bestis,  or  of  the 
frutes  of  youre  trees,  or  of  the  usis  of  fisshyngis '.  Novale  is  defined 
(31)  as  'a  feld  yerly  tyllyd,  or  ellys  euyry  other  year',  i.e., 
apparently,  not  permanent  arable,  and  so  never  under  crop  for  more 
than  one  year  at  a  time  or  for  more  than  two  crops.  It  would  thus 
correspond  to  outfield  cultivation  as  depicted  in  Scott's  Monastery, 
chap.  xiii.  The  claim  (31)  of  the  parson  of  Wytham  for  tithe  was 
repelled,  in  1245,  because  the  croft  of  which  the  tithe  was  claimed 
was  of  this  cultivation.  Part  of  the  claim  (775)  by  the  vicar  of 
St.  Peter  in  the  East  in  Wolvercote  was  rejected,  in  1239,  because 
of  the  above-cited  privilege  as  regards  Godstow  cattle.  The  ex- 
emption from  paying  tithes  on  fishings  seems  stretched  to  imply 
exemption  from  paying  tithes  on  the  mills  to  which  (p.  Ixi)  the 
fisheries  were  often  attached.  The  claim  of  the  vicar  of  St.  Peter 
in  the  East  just  mentioned  included  a  demand  for  tithe  of  Wolvercote 
mills,  which  was  set  aside  because  of  this  privilege  :  and  so  also 
(i 60)  the  claim  of  the  parson  of  Frampton,  in  1229,  for  the  tithe 
of  Frampton  mill.  Other  suits  were  begun  to  enforce  payment  of 
tithes  which  had  been  withheld.  Thus,  after  impropriating  the 
rectory  of  Wycombe,  Godstow  demanded  and  obtained  (92)  tithes  of 
the  corn  and  fulling-mills  in  that  parish. 

Great  and  small  tithes. 

Tithes  were  divided  (310,  476,  777,  851-2)  into  'more  and 
less  '.  After  the  settlement  of  perpetual  vicarages  in  impropriated 
rectories,  the  ordinary  arrangement  was  to  assign  (as  in  no.  871)  the 
great  tithes  to  the  impropriator  and  the  small  tithes  to  the  vicar. 
The  division-line  between  the  two  is  nowhere  clearly  stated  in 
these  deeds,  but  the  general  result  is  as  follows. 

Small  or  vicarial  tithe  included  (871)  tithes  of  cheeses,  of  geese, 
of  gardens  and  orchards.  Also,  where  the  stock-owner  had  too  few 
new-born  beasts  in  the  year  to  yield  a  *  tithe '  (or  tenth)  pig,  lamb, 
or  calf,  there  was  a  fixed  tithe- commutation  charge  of  \d.  or  id.  on 
each  new-born  beast.  This  went  to  the  vicar,  and  is  called  (305) 
c  tithe  of  silver'. 

Great  or  rectorial  tithe  is  set  forth  in  nos.  91,  312,  871.  The 
chief  item  in  it  was  the  tithe  of  sheaves  of  grain  of  every  sort,  each 


Ixxviii  Tithes — Lights  in  churches 

tenth  sheaf  (903)  being  collected  on  the  field  and  conveyed  to 
rectory  tithe-barn  (851).  There  were  also  tithe  of  hay  (otherwise 
called,  of  meadow),  tithe  of  pasture  (i.  e.  of  new-born  cattle,  viz. 
pigs,  lambs,  calves),  tithe  of  wool,  tithe  of  flax  (305)  and  hemp 
(p,  liii),  tithe  of  fullers'  teazles,  which  seem  to  have  all  ranked  as 
rectorial  tithe. 

The  tithe  of  fish  (25)  and  the  tithe  of  the  multures  and  profits  of 
corn-mills  and  of  the  profits  of  fulling-mills  (25-6,  92,438)  perhaps 
(judging  by  the  claim  in  no.  775)  counted  as  vicarial  tithe. 

There  is  also  mention  of  the  tithe  of  underwood  (312),  of  the 
profits  of  hunting  (894),  of  eel-ponds  (894),  and  of  pigeons  in  dove- 
houses  (476).  It  may  be,  however,  that  these  were  special  grants 
to  a  convent,  and  had  no  place  among  ordinary  parochial  tithes. 

.     Lights  in  churches. 

A  frequent  object  of  bequests  was  the  maintenance  of  the  '  light ' 
or  Mights'  in  a  given  church.  Thus,  Westminster  Abbey  devoted 
the  pension  of  £3  6s.  Sd.  which  it  received  (308)  out  of  Bloxham 
church  *  to  the  sexten  of  the  churche  of  Westmynster  ...  to  the 
lyht  of  the  auter '.  A  burgage  in  Cricklade  was  given  (8 1 5)  for '  the 
susteynynge  of  a  lyhte  in  wex  a-fore  the  cros  in  the  quere  of  the 
monasteri  of  Godestowe '.  Gilbert  of  Biham's  executors  assigned  a 
small  endowment  (373)  to  the  light  of  the  Lady  chapel  at  Godstow. 
At  Cassington  we  find  (394)  a  quit-rent  of  a  half-penny  yearly  'to 
the  light  of  our  Lady  of  Karsynton '.  This  would  be  the  light  in  the 
Lady  Chapel,  because  Cassington  is  dedicated  to  St.  Peter.  In 
Oxford  we  have  yearly  rent-charges  for  lights,  one  (617)  'vi.  d.  to 
the  light  of  seynt  Gyle ' ;  another  (676)  '  to  the  light  of  seynt  Michell 
chirche  at  the  southe  yate  of  Oxenford  \\d.  at  Cristmasse '.  Elabo- 
rate directions  (807)  are  given  by  Roger  of  Writele  for  wax-candles 
and  lamps  endowed  by  him  in  the  churches  of  Broad  Blunsdon  and 
Highworth  in  Wiltshire.  In  two  Godstow  churches  special 
arrangements  are  made  (871)  about  the  division  between  Godstow 
and  the  vicars  of  the  offerings  of  candles.  At  Wycombe  Godstow 
took  the  larger  share  ;  at  St.  Giles's,  Oxford,  much  the  less. 

These  offerings  of  candles  were  chiefly  made  on  the  Purification 
of  Mary  (Feb.  2),  and  gave  that  festival  its  popular  name  of 
Candlemas  day. 

The  presentation  of  wax-candles  as  a  mark  of  respect  to  a  mother 
church  has  been  noticed  (p.  xlvi). 


Church  customs  Ixxix 

Double  ownership  of  obit  or  chantry  lands. 

In  endowments  to  provide  prayers  for  the  soul  of  the  donor,  we 
find  several  times  a  double  ownership  established,  e.  g.,  by  the  lands 
being  granted  first  to  one  monastic  house  and  then  conveyed  to 
another  monastery  at  a  distance,  but  now  subject  to  a  quit-rent  to 
the  first  monastery.  This  occurs  so  often  that  it  must  be  inten- 
tional, and  a  likely  motive  seems  to  be  to  get  additional  security  for 
the  continuous  performance  of  the  commemorative  services  by 
freeing  them  from  possibility  of  interruption  by  local  causes, 
insurrections,  pestilences,  and  the  like.  Thus,  we  have  the  con- 
junction of  Godstow  with  St.  James's  Abbey  by  Northampton  in 
the  Bozeat  property  (249-52);  of  Godstow  with  Thame  Abbey  at 
Boarstall  (81-3),  of  Godstow  and  Wroxton  at  Syston  in  Lincoln- 
shire (240-2).  Possibly,  also,  this  would  explain  the  conjunction 
of  Godstow  with  the  Norman  abbey  of  Bertincourt  at  Duxford  in 
Berkshire  (9-12). 

Married  clergy. 

In  two  places  we  may  possibly  trace  the  tradition  of  marriage 
among  the  clergy.  At  Shillingford  (717),  about  1140,  Walter, 
Archdeacon  of  Oxford,  gave  to  Godstow  land  which  had  belonged 
to  a  lady  who  is  termed  by  him  in  the  Latin  '  Brityna  arnica  mea ', 
and  who  in  the  English  version  is  styled  '  his  leman '.  In  Oxford  we 
have  (572),  in  1205, '  Willelmus  films  decani,'  and  (573) '  Willelmus 
filius  Nigelli  quondam  decani  Oxon.' 

Minor  church  customs. 

Presentation  on  the  altar.  The  ceremony  of  presenting  gifts  by 
laying  the  gift,  or  the  deed  conferring  it,  on  the  altar  is  referred  to 
several  times  (185,  436).  In  one  place  (186)  we  are  told  that  the 
object  of  the  ceremony  was  to  ensure  the  undisputed  possession 
of  it  to  the  church  by  bringing  its  violation  under  the  provisions  of 
the  greater  excommunication. 

Church-scot,  an  offering  of  threshed  corn  at  Martinmas  (Nov.  n), 
is  found  at  Bloxham  (871),  where  Godstow  assigned  it  to  the  vicar 
as  part  of  his  stipend. 

In  Bloxham  there  was  an  offering  (possibly  identical  with  the 
church-scot)  of  '  corn  menglyd  that  is  to  sey,  of  whete  corne  and  of 
rye '  which  the  '  power  nedy  parysshens '  claimed  (311)  for  distribu- 


Ixxx  Church  customs 

tion  as  a  weekly  dole,  but  unsuccessfully,  having  no  title-deed  to 
show. 

At  Great  Tew,  Godstow  provided  (762)  '  ii.  galons  of  wyne  or  xd. 
to  the  parisshens  of  Tywe,  to  be  communed  at  the  fest  of  Ester'. 
This  was  about  1329.  The  practice  of  administering  the  Eucharist 
in  one  kind  only  made  slower  progress  in  England  than  abroad.  In 
some  places  the  older  practice  of  administering  in  both  kinds  con- 
tinued. In  others,  by  way  of  compromise,  communicants  shared  a 
cup  of  unconsecrated  wine.  This  will  account  for  the  amount  of 
wine  required  for  the  Easter  communion.  It  was  not  till  1415,  in 
the  Council  of  Constance,  that  communion  in  one  kind  only  was 
enjoined  authoritatively. 

The  modern  Easter  egg  appears  (87 1)  in  offerings  of  eggs  on  Easter 
Eve. 

The  recluse  of  Meysey  Hampton  was  of  consideration  enough  to 
have  a  man  specially  attached  to  his  service  (182-3). 

A  shadow  of  baronial  authority  seems  conferred  on  bishops  by  the 
archaic  formula  of  some  of  the  earlier  deeds  in  which  a  donor  in- 
timates to  the  bishop  a  merely  secular  gift  to  the  church :  e.  g.  at 
Combe  (861). 

The  rural  deans  appear  as  executive  officers  in  frequent  employ- 
ment:  the  dean  of  Broughton  (476),  of  Cirencester  (149),  of 
Gloucester  (160),  of  Iffley  and  Great  Marlow  (92). 

Churches  are  used  to  transact  ordinary  law  business :  e.  g.  St. 
Mary  Magdalene  Church,  Oxford,  in  1309,  to  seal  a  surrender  (262) 
of  property  in  Bloxham. 

Thus  we  see  that  a  set  of  documents  which  on  first  examination 
seems  to  contain  nothing  except  barren  law-terms,  may  yet  be  rich 
in  information  about  the  way  of  life  and  the  surroundings  of  the 
people  through  three  centuries. 

In  conclusion  I  have  to  express  my  warm  thanks  to  the  Rev. 
F.  "W.  Weaver  of  Milton-Clevedon,  the  Rev.  S.  Spencer  Pearce  of 
Combe  Longa,  Falconer  Madan,  G.  E.  Cokayne,  and  other  corre- 
spondents whose  kindness  in  answering  questions  has  largely 
made  up  for  my  distance  from  a  library.  I  owe  especial  gratitude 
to  our  late  Director  for  forbearance,  encouragement,  and  valued 
counsel. 

ANDREW  CLARK. 


Ixxxi 


Visitation  of  G-odstow  Nunnery  by  the  diocesan, 
William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432,  10  Henr.  VI. 

William  Grey,  Dean  of  York  in  1421,  was  consecrated  Bishop  of 
London,  6  May,  1426,  and  translated  to  the  see  of  Lincoln,  30  April, 
1431.  In  the  second  year  of  his  rule  of  Lincoln  diocese,  reports 
of  lax  discipline  at  Godstow  Abbey  constrained  him  personally  to 
visit  that  nunnery.  After  this  visitation  he  issued  injunctions  for 
its  better  government.  Two  years  later  he  was  vexed  by  reports 
that  the  Abbess  and  her  nuns,  despising  his  injunctions,  continued 
in  their  former  lax  courses. 

It  was  then  the  evil  time  of  the  boy-king  Henry  VI,  born 
6  Dec.  1421,  crowned  King  of  England  at  Westminster  6  Nov. 
1429,  and  King  of  France  at  Paris,  17  Dec.  1431.  English  ascen- 
dancy in  France,  even  under  the  guidance  of  the  king's  wise  uncle, 
John,  Duke  of  Bedford,  was  vanishing.  Home  affairs  were  in  tur- 
moil through  the  intrigues  of  the  king's  ambitious  and  reckless 
uncle,  Humphrey,  Duke  of  Gloucester.  Pressure  of  public  affairs, 
accordingly,  in  church  and  in  state,  in  England  and  in  France, 
prevented  Bishop  Grey  from  again  personally  looking  into  matters 
at  Godstow.  He  therefore  delegated  his  authority  to  Thomas 
Hooknorton,  Abbot  of  Oseney  (1430-1452),  and  Robert  Thornton, 
a  graduate  in  Civil  and  Canon  Law.  The  text  of  his  Commission 
is  preserved  in  Bishop  Grey's  Register  at  Lincoln,  fol.  167,  and  is 
here  given.  A  translation  is  added,  with  a  short  comment. 

It  may  be  questioned  whether  the  inquiry  resulted  in  any 
practical  reform.  The  Commission  was  issued  7  June,  1434 ; 
Bishop  Grey  died  February,  I43f.  The  whole  matter,  presum- 
ably, would  have  to  be  gone  into  afresh  by  Grey's  successor, 
William  Alnwick. 

Willhelmus,  permissione  diuina  Lincolniensis  episcopus,  dilectis  Address, 
filiis  Abbati  monasterii  de  Oseneye,  ordinis  sancti  Augustini,  no- 
stre  diocesis,  et  Magistro  Roberto  Thorneton,  in  legibus  licentiato, 
salutem,  graciam  et  benedictionem. 

Visitantes    iamdudum    iure    et    auctoritate    nostra    ordinaria  Lately  we 
monasterium  de  Godestowe,  ordinis  sancti  Benedicti,  dicte  nostre 
diocesis,  tarn  in  capite  quam  in  inembris  eiusdem ;  ac  super  statu  Abbey, 
et  regimine  ipsius  monasterii  tarn  in  spiritualibus  quam  in  tern- 


Ixxxii          Visitation  of  Godstow  Nunnery  by 
juiring  into  poralibus,    singularumque    personarum  eiusdem  vita  moribus  et 

8  conduct  of  .  .  „    .  .  ,    .     ,   .  .  , 

inmates.      conuersatione,   prout  ex  omen  nostri  debito   nobis  incumbebat, 

solicite  inquirentes. 

e  found  that  Quia  per  inquisiciones  huiusmodi  reperiebamus  euidenter  non- 
muled,  y  nulla  vetita  et  sacre  religion!  contraria  inibi  absque  pudore  com- 

d  issued  in-  mitti,  certas  iniunctiones,  ordinaciones,  et  mandata  nostra.  licite  et 
ictionsfor  .  .  .... 

3  better  rule  canomce,  pro  salubriore  regimine  dicti  Monasterii  ac  Abbatisse  et 

ry,  in  letters  Conuentus  eiusdem  fecimus  eisdem,  quorum  tenores  in  scedula 
'bess  and*  °  Presentibus  annexa  continentur,  easque  et  ea  sub  sigillo  nostro 
avent,  praefatis  Abbatisse  et  conuentui  transmisimus,  per  eas,  sub  certis 

penis,  in  litteris  nostris  eisdem  Abbatisse  et  Conuentui  super  hoc 
:eatening  directis  et  liberatis,  et  per  eas  admissis  et  receptis  (ad  quas  nos 
jlect.  referimus,  et  quatenus  expediat  pro  hie  insertis  haberi  volumus), 

plenius  expressatis,  penitus  obseruanda. 

5  grieve  to  Verumptamen  fama  publica  referente,  et  clamosa  insinuatione 
nours,  too  <lue  tergiuersatione  aliquali  celari  non  potest,  ad  aures  nostras, 
o-looked°  be  (1UO(^  dolentes  referimus,  sepissime  pervenit  quod  dicta  Abbatissa 

rm  that  the  e^   Conuentus,   freno   obediencie   dissoluto   et    pudicicie    laxatis 

bess  and  ^         r 

:nuns,         habenis,  ad  prioris  vite  sue  luxum  et  vomitum  detestabilem  vt 

e  the  dog  in  .  ..,,.. 

>v.  xxvi.        canes  impudici  redeuntes,  ac  in  inobediencie  et  contemptus  perni- 

76  gone  back  ciem  fronte  infirmata  resilientes,  huiusmodi  ordinaciones,  in- 
iunctiones,  et  mandata  nostra  quasi  pro  ridicule  et  ludibrio 
Iia^en*es5  eas  aut  ea  seu  eorum  aliquod  obseruare,  penitus  et 

unctions,      omnino,  contemptibiliter  et  derisorie,  omiserunt,  et  omittunt  arro- 

1  flouting  . 

:  threatened  ganter  de  presenti,  penas  predictas  mtrepide  incurrentes  in  suarum 
graue  periculum  animarum,  aliorum  perniciosum  exemplum,  nostri- 
que  et  iurisdictionis  nostre  episcopalis  et  ordinarie  contemptum  et 
vilipendium  manifesta. 

addition,  Nobis  igitur  super  premissis,  et  an  soror  Maria  Browne,  monialis 
dicti  monasterii,  tune  impregnata  aliquibus  officiariis  exterioribus 
ve^  interioribus,  citra  dictam  visitationem  nostram,  absque  speciali 


uggied  out   nostra  Hcencia,  fuerit  subtracta,  aut  claustrum  seu  septa  monasterii 
ihe  Con  vent. 

exierit  ; 

e  Abbess  aut  si  dicta  Abbatissa  aliqualem  in  monialem  dicti  monasterii  iure 

n  without     nostro  perficiendam,  absque  nostra  speciali  auctoritate  et  mandate, 

receptauerit  ; 


William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432         Ixxxiii 

et  si  alique  mulieres  conjugate,  vel  alie  queuis  seculares  persone  Women  (L 
preter  seruientes  necessaries,  et  presertim  vxor  cuinsdam  cogno- 
minati  ffelmersham,  vel  vxor  Ricardi  Kyrkeby,  infra  situm  dicti 

monasterii  prebendinaverint  seu  morate  fuerint  de  die  vel  nocte  ;     are.  allow« 

reside  in  t 

aut  si  aliqui  scolares  vniuersitatis  Oxoniensis,  graduati  vel  non-  Nunnery. 
graduati,  ad  ipsum  monasterium  accessum  habuerint,  aut  moram  in 
eodeni  contra  formam  iniunctionum  nostraruin  predictarum  [traxe- 
rint  *,  volentibus]  plenius  informari,  disposuimus  nos  descendere  ut 


videremur  si  clamor  opere  compleretur,  regis  tamen  et  regnorum  FnqSre  in 


suorum2  negociis,  vniuersalisque  ecclesie  republica   procuranda, 
quominus  hiis  intendere  valeamus  notorie  impediti.  forbid?8 

Ad  inquirenduna  igitur,  tarn  in  specie  quam  in  genere,  super  We  give  y 
premissis  omnibus  et  singulis  et  eorum  circumstantiis  vniuersis,  conduct^ 
vocatis  ad  hoc  ipsis  Abbatissa  et  Conuentu  in  specie,  et  ceteris  j^aU  th 
omnibus  quorum  interest  ;  necnon  eandem  Abbatissam  ac  singu-  matters, 
lares  personas  conuentus  dicti  monasterii,  eorum  interposito  super 
hoc  (si  expediat)  iuramento,   mature,  et  diligentius,   eciam  arti- 
culatim,3    examinandas;     ceteraque    omnia   et   singula   facienda, 
exercenda  et  expedienda,  cum  omnibus  et  singulis  emergentibus, 
dependentibus,   incidentibus,  et  connexis   in    premissis  et  eorum 
quolibet,  necessaria  et  opportuna,  VOBIS,  de  cuius  fidelitate  et 
circumspectionis    industria   plene    in    domino    confidentes,    vices 
nostras  committimus,  tarn  coniunctim  quam  diuisim,  per  presentes, 
cum    cuiuslibet    cohercionis    et    executionis    canonice   potestate, 
mandantes  quatenus  nos  de  omni  eo  quod  feceritis  et  inueneritis  asking  yen 

.     .       .      .  certify  us 

in  premissis,  ipsis  expeditis,  distmcte  et  aperte  certificetis  litteris  writing  w] 
vestris  (patentibus  aut  clausis)  horum  seriem  et  totum  factum 
vestrum  plenius  continentibus,  et  arete  sigillatis. 
Datum  sub  sigillo  nostro  ad  causas  in  hosp 
vetus  templum  London),  septimo  die  rnensis  Ju 
Mccccxxxiiijto  et  nostre  translacionis  Anno  quarto. 


Datum  sub  sigillo  nostro  ad  causas  in  hospitio  nostro  apud  Sealed  at 
vetus  templum  London),  septimo  die  rnensis  Junii  Anno  doniini  7  June,  143 


1  Words  to  this  effect  seem  omitted.  beforehand.     An  instance  of  the  pro- 

2  i.e.  France  and  England.  cedure  is  found  in  Anthony  Wood's 

3  Examination   articulatim  meant  trial  in  1692  :  Wood's  Life  and  Times, 
requiring  distinct  answers  to  a  series  iv.  21,  29-34. 

of  very  definite  questions,  drawn  up 


Ixxxiv         Visitation  of  Godstow  Nunnery  by 
b  of  the  Iniunctiones  et  ordinaciones  facte  in  monasterio  de  Gode- 

esaid 

motions,     stowe,   ordinis  sancti  Benedicti,  Lincolniensis  diocesis,  per  reve- 

rendum  in  Christo  patrem  et  dominum,  dominum  Willhelmum  dei 
ivery  nun  gracia  Lincolniensem  Episcopum,  in  visitatione  sua  per  ipsum  in 
^Matins'  ^cto  raonasterio  exercita  sub  Anno  domini  MCCCC  xxxiido  et  sue 
(&)  to  join  translacionis  Anno  secundo. 

he  render- 

of  Vespers, 

,  at  the 

*r  canon-         [i]  In  primis,  quod  onines  moniales,  saltern  petentes,1  omni  nocte 

L  good'  intersint  matutinis  in  Choro,  et  quod  exerceant  chorum  in  missis 
itate  if  vesperis,  et  aliis  horis  licet  non  psallant,  tamen  vt  aliquid  boni 
on  chapel  legant,  contemplentur,  vel  meditentur,  secundum  antiquam  et 

refectory     laudabilem  consuetudinem  monasterii. 
e  repaired, 
twelve 

Jke^neir*'  W  ^em,  quod  ad  minus  duodecim  moniales  comedant  omni  die  in 
,1  there  refectorio,  et  quod  ipsum  refectorium  cum  omni  celeritate  debite 

ro  talking    reparetur. 
jrbidden 

•id'den  [3]  Item,  quod  silencium   ab  omnibus  monialibus    indistincte 

Jes'r  seruetur  horis  et  locis  debitis,  et  quod  transgredientes  in  hoc  acriter 

tor,request-  puniantur  secundum  regulam  absque  personarum  accepcione. 

ti  a  nun,  is 

public^ t0        M  ^emJ  <1UO(1  extraneivenientes  ad  monasterium  statim  ducantur 

n  of  the      jn  aulam  Abbatisse  per  ianitorem   Monasterii,  ubi,  cognita  per 

personally  Abbatissam   causa   aduentus   eorum    et   si  ob  aliquam  monialem 

by  deputy) 

be  present  accesserint  cum  ea  locuturi,  statim  pro  ea  mittat  Abbatissa,  et 
3  audiat  ipsa  (si  sibi  vacet)  vel  alia  monialis  senior  et  discreta,  de 


and       ipsius  Abbatisse  mandate,  quid  inter  eos  communicetur  et  loquatur 


ry  the         vj.  c^o  expediatur  aduentus  eorum,  et  recedant,  sic  quod  ibi  nulla- 

one,  except  tenus  pernoctent  nisi  fuerit  pater  et  mater,  frater  et  soror  monialis 

3ar  blood- 

,tive  of  a     illius  cuius  gracia  ad  monasterium  sic  venerint. 

L  is  to  stay 

r-night. 

he  Abbey        [5]  Item,  quod  ianitor  prestet  iuramentum  coram  Abbatissa  et 

3  oath  Consilio  suo  quod  diligenter  et  fideliter  custodiat  magnas  portas 

)rve  this  monasterii,   nee   sinat  aliquos   extraneos   intrare   preterquam    in 

rse-  forma  predicta. 

1  ?  valentes,  or  potentes. 


William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432          Ixxxv 

[6]  Item,  quod  vxor  ffelmersham  cum  tota  familia  sua,  et  alie  w 
mulieres  prouecciores,  cum  sint   monialibus  inquiete  et  res  mail 

exempli  occasione  apparatus  earum  et  eis  aduentantium,  sint  a  especially 

dame  Fein 

monasterio  penitus  amote  infra  vnum  Annum  proxime  futurum.       sham,  are 

be  sent  aw 
their  vain 

[7]  Item,  quod  balliuus  monasterii  qui  nunc  est  non  habeat  aliqua  the  mmsa 
secreta  colloquia  cum  aliquali  moniali,  cum  dicat  non  fore  aliquam  exa*fple- 
bonam  mulierem  in  monasterio.  istobeallc 

no  private 
terview  wi 
any  nun,  1 

[8]  Item,  quod  nulle  sint  vigilie  aut  potaciones  post  completorium  ;  ing  slande 
sed,  ipso  finite,  omnes  moniales  vniformiter  accedant  ad  dormi-  g.  After  cc 
torium  et  ibidem  de  nocte  iaceant,  nisi  Abbatissa  si  infirmata 
fuerit  vel  per  extraneos  impedita  ad  commodum  et  honorem 

monasterii,  et  exceptis  infirmis  que  tune  iaceant  in  infirmaria.          be  allowed 

all  nuns  ir 
go  to  the  d 
mitory,  ex 

[9]  Item,  quod  ostia  claustri  et  dormitorii  omni  die  claudantur  et  the  Abbess 
aperiantur  horis  debitis  secundum  regulam.  taining  gu 

or  sick  nui 
the  Infirnc 

[10]  Item,  quod  lecta  in  domiciliis  monialium  omnino  de  cameris  cloisterer] 
suis  amoueantur,  preterquam  pro  paruis,  et  quod  nulla  monialis     11 


recipiat  aliquem  secularem  *  ad  aliqua  solacia  in  cameris  suis,  sub  at  appoint 

hours. 

pena  excommunicationis.     Nam  scolares  Oxonienses  dicunt  quod  I0.  Nomu 


possunt  habere  omnimoda  solacia  cum  monialibus  prout  desiderare 

invite  anj 

secular  to 

[ii]  Item,  quod  celle  honeste  et  competentes  ordinentur  in  infir-  refection  i 

her  chaml 

maria  pro  monialibus  infirmantibus.  Oxford 

scholars  p 
of  varied 

[12]  Item,  quod  iuuenes  moniales  sole  non  exeant  loca  claustralia  at  Godsto 
ad  curiam  exteriorem,  nee  eciam  cum  socia  nisi  de  licencia  unius 

presidencium  relieioni  petita  et  obtenta.  have  suit8 

cubicles. 

12.  No  yoi 

1  '  Secularis  '  was  a  word  of  doubtful  dinary  parish  clergyman,  as  opposed  Out  of  the 
import,  meaning  sometimes  (a)  a  lay-  to  a  member  of  a  religious  order  precincts 
man  or  laywoman,  as  opposed  to  a  (monk,  friar,  nun).  It  is  often  doubt-  herself,  n< 
cleric  or  nun  ;  sometimes  (b)  an  or-  ful  which  meaning  is  to  be  taken.  Pftir  of  yo 

nuns  witl 
leave. 


Ixxxvi         Visitation  of  Godstoiv  Nunnery  by 


13.  No  nun  is        ["13]  Item,  quod  nulla  monialis  egrediatur  vel  exeat  ad  villas 

to  go  to  Oxford,        L      J 

or  other  town,  prope  monasterium,  nee  ad  Oxoniam,  nee  ad  alia  loca  remota  vel 
without  due 

escort  and        propinqua,  nisi  sub  testimonio  sufficiente,  et  de  speciali  licencia 
without  special 

leave.  Abbatisse  petita  et  obtenta. 

14.  No  nun  is 

to  chat  with  n 

any  secular  in       [14]  Item,  quod  moniales  non  confabulentur  cum  secularibus  in 

the  nave  of  the          ... 

church,  or  in    navi  ecclesie,  nee  in  capellis  separatis,  nisi  tantum  in  aula  Abba- 

any  chapel 

there  :  only  as  tisse  et  hoc  in  audiencia  ad  minus  alterius  solide  monialis. 

in  Inj.  4. 

15.  No  nun 
may,  with 
impunity, 
defy  the 
Abbess. 

1  6.  Lights  are 

to  be  kept 

burning  every 

night  in  dor- 

mitory and 

cloister. 

17.  No  cleric, 

secular  or 

regular,  may 

enter  the  pre-  loca  claustralia  vel  domos  monialium  post  completorium  nee  ante 

cincts  after 

10  p.m.  or         pulsacionem  prime  ;  Et  quod  nullus  (presertim  secularis)  exerceat 

before  7  a.m.  ; 

no  outsider      aliquam  lurisdictionem  in  monasterio  aut  personis  eiusdem,  nisi 

to  have  any 

jurisdiction  in  hii  quibus  congruit  de  iure  vel  regulari  ordine  ;  Nee  quod  Abba- 

the  Abbey  ; 

and  the  Abbess  tissa  committat  vices  suas  ad  corrigendum  dilinquentes  in  religione 

may  not  dele-       .  .  .  . 

gate  her  nisi  presidentibus  religionis. 

disciplinary 
powers  except 


[15]  Item,  quod  omnes  moniales  indifferenter  obediant  Abbatisse, 
et  transgredientes  in  hoc  puniantur  acriter  secundum  regulam. 

[16]  Item,  quod  lampades  in  dormitorio  et  claustro  omni  nocte 
accendantur  pro  consurgentibus  ad  matutinas. 

[i  7]  Item,  quod  nullus  secularis,  frater,  nee  alius  religiosus,  intret 


[l8]  Item,  quod  nullus  secularis  habeat  equos  stantes  aut  pa- 

ua    epu  y.      scen^es  infra  gitum  monasterii  preterquam  Senescallus  Balliuus  vel 
1  8.  No  secular  x 

u      Receptor  aut  alius  officiarius  ex  debito  officii  sui. 

or  let  loose  to 

the  Abbey  "        [19]  Item,  quod  illi  centum  solidi  depositi  in  quadam  cista  infra 

grounds 

except  the        Monasterium    pro    releuamine    egencium   monialium   cum    omni 

19.  The  hun-    festinacione  ad  eundum  effectum  in  eandem  cistam  restituantur 
dred  shillings 

intended  for     et  reponantur. 

relief  of  poor 

nuns  must  be 

replaced  in  [~2o~|  Item,  quod  omnia  ostia  domorum  monialium  versus  curiam 

the  chest. 

20.  All  doors     exteriorem,  per  que  potest  ingredi  in  loca  claustralia  eciam   si 
leading  from 


William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432        Ixxxvii 

cetera  ostia  claustri  fuerint  pro  tune  clausa,  omnino  obstruantur,  the  nuns' 

houses  to  the 

vel  tails  firmitas  vel  clausura  apponatur  quod  per  ipsa  ostia  secu-  outer  court 
,      .,  ,..  ,  .  must  be  built 

laribus  non  pateat  aditus  vel  ingressus.  up  or  so 

sufficiently 

[21]  Item,  quod  accessus  scolarium  Oxoniensium  ad  monasterium  prevent  egress 
omnino  cohibeatur  et  refrenetur.  or  ^S^BB. 

21.  Oxford 

r      -i  T  i.  .  .  /»       .  ,  .  ...         scholars  must 

\_22\  Item,  quod  in  monasterio  solum  smt  tres  tamilie  moniahum  be  utterly 

preter  familiam  Abbatisse.  in  quarum  trium  familiarum  qualibet 

22.  No  more 
sint  ad  minus   sex,   septem,  vel    octo  moniales,  iuxta  numerum  than  three 

.  households  are 

moniahum  in  conventu.  to  be  allowed, 

and  the  nuns 

[23]  Item,  quod  ianitor.  monasterii  nee  quevis  alia  secularis  per-  are  to  be  even- 


sona,  queque  dona,  munera,  litteras,  aut  signa,  quibusuis  scolaribus 
Oxoniensibus  aut  alii  persons  cuicumque  a  monialibus  differat,  but  the  Abbess 

nee  a  talibus  scolaribus  vel  personis  ad  easdem  moniales  reportet  ;  °wn  house- 

hold. 
nee  eciam  vtres  cum  vino,  absque  visu  et  sciencia  Abbatisse,  et       No      _ 

de  eius  licencia  speciali  petita  et  obtenta,  sub  pena  expulsionis  ab  sents,  letters, 

officio  suo  in  dicto  monasterio  per  perpetuum.  et  si  que  monialis  pass  from  nuns 

to  outsiders,  or 
contrafecerit  subeat  incarceracionem  pro  anno.  from  outsiders 

to  nuns  ; 

_  and  no  pre- 

sents of  wine 
may  be  taken 

Abbreviated   translation   of  the    Commission.  in,  unless  by 

consent  of  the 

William  Grey,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  to  the  Abbot  of  Oseney  and  to  ^SSwn* 
Robert  Thornton,  a  graduate  in  the  Laws,  greeting.  offends,  let  him 

T-»  11      /'  \  11-1  /*»••!       •   '       •  /»    /~N     i   i         be  dismissed: 

Recently  (in  1432)  we  held  an  official   visitation  of  Godstow  ifanun,lether 
Abbey,  making  special  inquiry  as  to  the  conduct  of  its  inmates. 

We  then  found,  beyond  all  doubt,  that,  in  several  respects,  con- 
ventual rules  were  openly  disobeyed. 

We  therefore  issued  stringent  Injunctions  (a  copy  of  which  is 
appended)  to  the  Abbess  and  Convent,  under  our  seal,  with  a  letter 
(which  please  ask  for)  in  which  we  stated  the  penalties  we  would 
impose  for  disobedience. 

We  grieve  to  say  that,  by  reports  too  frequent  and  clamorous  to 
be  set  aside,  we  are  certified  that  the  Abbess  and  her  nuns  have 
openly  disobeyed  our  Injunctions,  and  continue  in  their  former 
lax  practices,  despising  our  authority  and  flouting  our  threatened 
punishments. 


Ixxxviii       Visitation  of  Godstow  Nunnery  by 

In  particular,  these  scandals  are  reported  : — 

(a)  Sister  Mary  Browne,  found  at  the  time  of  our  visitation  to 
have  been  got  with  child  by  some  official  of  the  Abbey,  has  since 
been  smuggled  out  of  the  Convent ; 

(6)  the  Abbess  has  admitted  a  nun,  without  licence  ; 

(c)  laywomen,  such  as  dame  Felmersham  and  dame  Richard 
Kirkby,  continue  to  dwell  within  the  Abbey  precinct ; 

(d)  Oxford  scholars   are  still  frequent  visitors  at  the  Abbey, 
contrary  to  our  express  order. 

We  wished  to  inquire  personally  into  these  matters,  but  are 
prevented  by  the  troubled  state  of  affairs  in  Henry  VI's  realms 
of  France  and  England. 

Having  full  confidence  in  your  fidelity  and  discretion,  we  now 
entrust  this  whole  inquiry  to  you,  giving  you  full  powers  to  call 
before  you  as  well  the  Abbess  and  nuns,  as  all  other  persons  con- 
cerned; to  put  every  member  of  the  convent  on  oath;  and  to 
constrain  them  all  to  answer  to  such  special  questions  as  you  may 
ask ;  trusting  that  you  will  do  all  that  is  needful  in  this  matter ; 
and  requiring  you  to  certify  us  fully,  by  letter  under  your  seals,  as 
to  what  you  have  found  out  about  this  matter,  and  as  to  what 
action  you  have  taken  in  it. 

Given,  under  our  smaller  seal,  in  our  lodging  at  Old  Temple, 
London,  7  June  1434,  in  the  fourth  year  of  our  translation. 

Word  for   word   rendering   of  the   Injunctions. 

Injunctions  and  ordinances,  made  in  the  monastery  of  Godstow, 
of  the  order  of  St.  Benedict,  of  Lincoln  diocese,  by  the  reverend 
father  and  lord  in  Christ,  the  lord  William,  by  God's  grace  Bishop 
of  Lincoln,  in  the  visitation  made  by  himself  in  that  monastery  during 
the  year  of  our  Lord  1432,  and  the  second  year  of  his  translation. 

Firstly,  all  nuns,  if  in  good  health,  shall  be  present  every  morning 
at  Matins  [shortly  after  midnight]  in  the  choir ;  and  take  part  in 
the  choir  service  at  Vespers  [6  p.m.].  At  the  other  canonical 
hours  [Prime,  Tierce,  Sext,  Nones,  Compline,  i.e.  about  7  a.m., 
9  a.m.,  noon,  4  p.m.,  10  p.m.],  if  they  are  not  singing  the  psalms, 
they  shall  read  some  good  book  or  meditate  piously,  according  to 
the  old  and  praiseworthy  custom  of  the  Abbey. 

Secondly,  twelve   nuns,  at   the   least,   shall  take  their  meals 


William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432         Ixxxix 

together  daily  in  the  refectory ;  and  the  refectory  must  be,  with 
all  speed,  duly  repaired. 

Thirdly,  silence  is  to  be  kept  by  all  nuns,  without  exception,  at 
due  hours  and  in  due  places,  and  offenders  in  this  matter  are  to  be 
sharply  punished  according  to  the  Rule,  without  respect  of  persons. 

Fourthly,  visitors,  on  coming  to  the  Abbey,  are  to  be  straight- 
way taken  by  the  Abbey  gate-keeper  to  the  public-room  of  the 
Abbess,  and,  after  the  Abbess  has  there  learned  the  reason  of  their 
coming,  if  they  have  come  wishing  speech  with  any  nun,  the 
Abbess  is  straightway  to  send  for  that  nun,  and  herself  (if  free  to 
do  so),  or  some  elderly  and  discreet  nun  (at  the  special  request  of 
the  Abbess),  is  to  listen  to  all  that  is  spoken  and  answered  by  the 
one  to  the  other,  so  that  the  visit  may  be  speedily  at  an  end,  and 
nun  and  visitor  may  go  their  several  ways,  provided  always  that 
no  person  may  stay  the  night  there,  unless  it  be  father,  mother, 
brother,  or  sister,  of  the  nun  on  whose  account  the  visitor  has 
come  to  the  Abbey. 

Fifthly,  the  gate-keeper  must  take  oath  before  the  Abbess  and 
her  council  that  he  shall  needfully  and  faithfully  keep  watch  over 
the  great  gate  of  the  Abbey,  and  allow  no  outsider  to  enter, 
except  in  the  manner  above  prescribed. 

Sixthly,  dame  Felmersham,  with  her  whole  household,  and  the 
other  elderly  lady-tenants,  since  [by  their  quarrels  with  each  other] 
they  disturb  the  nuns'  quiet,  and  give  bad  example  by  reason  of 
the  extravagant  apparel  of  themselves  and  their  visitors,  are  to  be 
altogether  removed  from  the  Abbey  within  the  space  of  the  year 
ensuing. 

Seventhly,  the  present  bailiff  of  the  Abbey  shall  have  no  private 
meeting  with  any  nun,  since  he  asserts  that  never  a  nun  in  the 
Abbey  will  remain  pure. 

Eighthly,  there  shall  be  no  little  parties  *  for  gossip  or  sipping 
wine  after  Compline  [10  p.m.],  but,  Compline  over,  every  nun, 
without  exception,  shall  go  to  the  dormitory  to  lie  there  all 
night,  except  the  Abbess  if  she  be  ill  or  hindered  by  entertaining 
outsiders  for  the  profit  and  credit  of  the  Abbey,  and,  also  excused, 
any  sick  nuns  who  may  be  in  the  Infirmary. 

Ninthly,  the  doors  of  the  cloister  and  dormitory  must  remain 

1  *  vigiliae ',  French  *  la  veille'e  ',  described  by  Erckmann-Chatrian  as  recently 
common  in  Alsace  (ISInvasion,  cap.  ii). 

g 


xc  Visitation  of  Oodstow  Nunnery  by 

shut,  except  only  at  the  appointed  hours  each  day,  according  to 
the  Kule. 

Tenthly,  all  bedsteads  now  in  the  rooms  of  the  nuns'  chambers 
are  to  be  removed,  except  only  those  for  their  girl-pupils ;  and  no 
nun  shall  admit  any  secular  to  any  junketing  in  her  room,  on  pain 
of  excommunication.  Oxford  scholars  brag  that  with  the  nuns 
they  may  have  junketing  of  every  sort,  to  their  hearts'  content. 

Eleventhly,  decent  and  comfortable  cubicles  for  sick  nuns  must 
be  provided  in  the  Infirmary. 

Twelfthly,  no  young  nun  is  to  go  by  herself  out  of  the  cloister- 
precinct  into  the  outer  court;  nor  even  when  accompanied  by 
another  nun,  unless  the  leave  of  a  conventual  superior  has  been 
asked  and  obtained. 

Thirteenthly,  no  nun  is  to  go  out  to  the  neighbouring  villages 
[e.  g.  Wytham  and  Wolvercot],  or  to  Oxford,  or  to  other  place  far 
or  near,  unless  under  adequate  escort,  and  after  asking  and  getting 
special  leave  from  the  Abbess. 

Fourteenthly,  no  nun  shall  chat  with  lay-folk  in  the  nave  of  the 
Abbey  Church,  or  in  any  of  the  chapels  thereof,  but  only  [see  Inj. 
4]  in  the  public-room  of  the  Abbess,  and  that  in  full  hearing  of  at 
least  one  other  trustworthy  nun. 

Fifteenthly,  every  nun,  without  exception,  shall  obey  the  Abbess, 
and  every  transgressor  shall  be  sharply  punished,  according  to  the 
Rule. 

Sixteenthly,  the  lamps  in  the  dormitory  and  the  cloister  shall  be 
lit  every  night  for  the  use  of  the  nuns  all  getting  up  for  Matins 
[shortly  after  midnight]. 

Seventeenthly,  no  secular  chaplain,  no  friar,  nor  other  man  of 
any  order  in  religion,  shall  come  within  the  cloister-precinct  or 
into  the  houses  of  the  nuns  after  Compline  [10  p.m.]  or  before 
bell-ringing  for  Prime  [7  a.m.] ;  no  man  (especially  no  secular) 
shall  have  any  rule  in  the  nunnery  or  over  its  inmates,  those  only 
excepted  to  whom  such  rule  belongs  by  law  or  recognized  order ; 
nor  shall  the  Abbess  hand  over  her  duty  of  punishing  any  offending 
nun  except  to  one  of  the  conventual  superiors. 

Eighteenthly,  no  secular  shall  have  his  horse  standing  or  grazing 
within  the  Abbey  grounds,  except  the  Abbey  steward,  bailiff,  or 
rent-collector,  or  other  Abbey  servant  in  discharge  of  his  office. 

Nineteenthly,  the  sum  of  i  oo  shillings  placed  in  a  chest  in  the 


William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432  xci 

Abbey  for  the  relief  of  distressed  nuns  must,  with  all  haste,  be 
replaced  in  that  chest  to  serve  that  purpose. 

Twentiethly,  every  doorway  between  the  nuns'  houses  and  the 
outer  court,  by  which  the  cloister-precinct  may  be  entered  when 
the  usual  cloister-doors  are  shut,  must  be  wholly  built  up,  or  so 
securely  blocked  that  no  outsider  can  come  in  or  get  out  by  it. 

Twenty-firstly,  clerks  of  Oxford  are  to  be  utterly  excluded  from 
the  nunnery. 

Twenty-secondly,  within  the  nunnery,  over  and  above  the 
household  of  the  Abbess,  there  shall  be  only  three  households,  and 
the  whole  number  of  nuns  shall  be  evenly  divided  between  these 
three  households,  viz.  6,  7,  or  8  in  each,  according  to  the  total 
number  of  inmates. 

Twenty-thirdly  (and  lastly),  neither  the  gate-keeper  nor  any  other 
secular  shall  carry  out  any  gift,  present,  letter,  or  token,  from  a  nun 
to  any  clerk  of  Oxford  or  other  person,  or  bring  in  to  a  nun  any 
euch  thing  from  any  such  clerk  or  person ;  and,  in  especial,  no 
flask  of  wine  is  to  be  brought  in,  unless  the  Abbess  has  been  told 
about  it  and  has  seen  it  and  has  given  special  leave,  on  pain  of 
expulsion  for  ever  from  his  office  in  the  Abbey,  if  a  servant  offends, 
and,  if  a  nun  offends,  a  year's  incarceration. 


Conventual  life  at  Godstow,  1430-5. 

Bishop  Grey's  Injunctions  and  Commission  concerning  Godstow, 
if  carefully  studied,  supply  a  strange  picture  of  conventual  life 
there. 

The  Abbey  buildings,  it  appears,  were  divided  into  two  great 
courts;  the  inner  court  ('loca  claustralia '),  to  which  the  younger 
nuns  were  required  (Inj.  12)  rigidly  to  confine  themselves ;  and  the 
outer  court,  into  which  outsiders  came  and  in  which,  in  particular, 
the  Abbey  had  certain  houses  which  it  let  to  ladies  who  were  in  no 
way  connected  with  the  convent  but  who  had  many  visitors  (Inj.  6). 
Here  also  were  rooms  where  even  male  visitors  might  be  put  up 
for  the  night  (Inj.  4).  By  the  conventual  'Rule'  so  frequently 
appealed  to  in  the  Injunctions,  i.e.  the  code  of  statutes  of  the 
Benedictine  order,  there  ought  to  have  been  only  one  door  from  the 
inner  court  into  the  outer  court,  and  that  door  jealously  watched, 

g  2 


xcii  Visitation  of  Godstow  Nunnery  by 

and  opened  only  at  stated  hours  (Inj.  9  and  20).  The  great  gate 
of  the  Abbey  by  which  access  was  obtained  to  the  outer  court  from 
the  outside  world  was  in  charge  of  a  male  gate-keeper,  an  officer  of 
great  importance  (Inj.  4,  5,  23). 

Of  the  buildings  in  the  inner  court,  mention  is  made  of  the 
lodgings  assigned  to  the  Abbess.  In  them  was  a  large  public-room 
or  parlour  ('aula'),  which  was  the  recognized  place  (Inj.  4,  14)  for 
interviews  between  nuns  and  outsiders,  in  the  presence  and  hear- 
ing of  the  Abbess  or  her  deputy.  Here  also  the  Abbess  entertained 
favoured  visitors,  even  giving  them  late  suppers  (Inj.  8);  and 
here  she  interviewed  the  estate-officers  of  the  Abbey  (Inj.  18). 
There  was  also  a  stack  of  buildings  ('  domus  monialium '  or 
*domicilia  monialium')  in  which  a  nun  might  have  a  room  or 
rooms  of  her  own,  and  take  in  girls  as  boarder-pupils  (Inj.  10). 
By  the  Rule  of  the  order,  these  rooms  ought  to  have  been  used  by 
the  nuns  only  by  day  (Inj.  10).  The  night  was  to  be  spent  in  the 
Dormitory  (Inj.  8),  a  long  common  sleeping-room  (probably  built 
over  the  cloister),  the  door  of  which  ought  to  be  jealously  guarded 
and  open  only  at  stated  hours  (Inj.  9).  For  sick  nuns,  there  was 
an  Infirmary  (Inj.  8,  u).  The  great  church  of  the  Abbey  was 
accessible  by  the  nuns  through  a  private  door  from  the  cloister 
(Inj.  9,  1 6).  The  choir  in  the  church  was  reserved  for  the  nuns 
(Inj.  i),  but  outsiders  were  admitted  to  the  nave  (Inj.  14)  and 
to  the  chapels  which  opened  out  from  the  nave.  Lastly,  mention  is 
made  of  the  Eefectory  (Inj.  2),  in  which,  according  to  conventual 
rule,  meals  ought  to  be  taken  in  common. 

As  regards  the  life  of  the  inmates,  these  other  points  are  alluded 
to.  Conversation  was,  at  certain  hours  and  in  certain  portions  of 
the  building,  altogether  unlawful  (Inj.  3).  All  the  mans  were 
required  (Inj.  I,  16)  to  be  present  in  the  choir  at  Matins,  a  service 
shortly  after  midnight,  and  all  were  required  to  take  part  in  the 
service  at  Vespers,  about  6  p.m.,  the  chief  service  of  the  day.  For 
the  services  at  the  other  five  canonical  hours,  only  some  few  of  the 
nuns  came,  by  turns,  to  the  choir  to  chant  the  Psalms,  but  those 
nuns  who  were  not  on  this  duty  were  supposed  (Inj.  i )  to  be  then  read- 
ing pious  books  or  engaged  in  pious  meditations,  in  the  Dormitory 
by  night,  or  in  their  own  rooms  by  day.  All  nuns  were  required 
(Inj.  15)  to  yield  unquestioning  obedience  to  the  Abbess.  Certain 
of  the  nuns  ('  praesidentes  religionis ')  had  statutable  authority  over 


William,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  1432  xciii 

the  rest  (Inj.  12,  17).  These  probably  formed  the  advisory 
council  (Inj.  5)  of  the  Abbess. 

The  Bishop's  Injunctions  show  such  open  disregard  of  most  of 
these  rules  of  the  Benedictine  order  as  to  render  the  Abbey  more 
like  a  laxly-kept  ladies'  boarding-house  than  a  nunnery.  Some  of 
the  nuns,  clearly,  were  ladies  of  influential  families,  were  in  receipt 
of  considerable  allowances  from  relatives,  and  had  a  wide  circle  of 
acquaintances.  They  submitted  to  conventual  rule  and  to  the 
orders  of  the  Abbess  (Inj.  15)  only  so  far  as  pleased  themselves. 
Several  of  them  had  within  the  inner  court  their  own  separate 
house  or  staircase,  with  their  own  establishment  of  maid-servants 
('familia');  admitted  to  spare  rooms  in  their  house  just  as  many  or 
few  of  the  other  nuns  as  they  chose  (Inj.  22);  took  their  meals 
in  their  own  rooms ;  and  slept  there,  and  not  in  the  Dormitory  or 
the  Infirmary.  So  much  so  that  the  Refectory  and  the  Infirmary 
had,  by  disuse,  fallen  into  disrepair  (Inj.  2,  j,i).  Late  at  night 
they  had  company  in  their  rooms,  to  gossip  and  sip  wine  (Inj.  8). 
Even  male  friends  came  to  their  rooms  for  such  entertainment 
(Inj.  10),  even  at  late  hours  (Inj.  17) ;  and  sent  in  flagons  of  wine 
for  the  banquet  (Inj.  23).  The  nuns  insisted  on  having  private 
doors  to  their  houses,  by  which  they  might  go  out  at  will  into  the 
outer  court  (Inj.  20),  to  admire  the  gay  attire  of  their  lady-tenants 
(Inj.  6),  and  take  sides  in  the  feuds  between  these,  so  coming 
to  quarrels  among  themselves  (Inj.  6).  They  gadded  about  the 
country  (Inj.  13).  They  saw  a  great  deal  of  male  company, 
especially  clerks  from  Oxford  (Inj.  10,  21).  The  number  of  saddled 
horses  tied  up  at  the  Abbey  gate,  or  left  to  graze  in  the  paddock 
beside  it,  while  the  cavaliers  were  within,  was  a  popular  jest 
(Inj.  1 8).  The  nave  of  the  church,  and  the  chapels,  were  full  of  nuns 
and  visitors,  holding  whispered  colloquies  (Inj.  14).  Billets-doux, 
tokens,  presents,  passed  freely  between  the  nuns  and  the  outside 
world  (Inj.  23).  The  service  of  Matins  was  neglected.  To  save  oil, 
the  Abbey  on  certain  nights  trusted  to  the  moon,  and  did  not  keep, 
as  the  Rule  required,  lamps  burning  every  night  (Inj.  161)  in  the 
Dormitory  and  cloister.  The  inference  is  that,  if  the  night  proved 
cloudy,  the  nuns  found  in  the  darkness  of  the  cloister  a  convenient 
excuse  for  staying  away  from  this  nocturnal  service. 

An  interesting  notice  is  that  which  refers  to  the  Chest  for  poor 
nuns.  In  the  University  of  Oxford  a  favourite  form  of  benefaction 


xciv  Grammar  Notes 

(Maxwell  Lyte's  Hist.  Univ.  Oxford,  101)  had  been  the  gift  to  the 
University  or  to  a  particular  College  of  a  strong-box,  with  a  sum  of 
money  from  which,  in  times  of  stress,  temporary  loans  might  be 
made,  without  interest,  to  poor  scholars.  It  appears  that  at  God- 
stow  there  had  been  a  benefaction  of  iocs,  for  affording  temporary 
relief  in  this  way  to  nuns  in  need  of  it,  but,  in  1432,  it  was  found 
that  the  capital  had  been  withdrawn  for  other  purposes,  and  the 
chest  was  empty  (Inj.  19). 

Some  Grammar  Notes. 

In  the  Forewords  proper,  pp.  ix-lxxx,  which  were  written  before 
the  Text  had  passed  though  the  press,  the  references  are  to  the 
numbers  of  the  deeds  (p.  25,  note  i).  In  the  notes  and  tables 
which  follow,  as  also  in  the  two  concluding  Indexes,  the  references 
are  by  the  minuter  system,  namely  by  page  and  line  of  the  Text. 

Defects  and  peculiarities  of  the  English  Register. 

In  the  Forewords  (pp.  xv,  xvi)  a  few  criticisms  of  the  English 
rendering  have  been  left  exactly  as  they  were  at  first  written,  just 
after  comparison  of  considerable  parts  of  the  MS.  with  the  Latin 
original.  Since  then  other  large  portions  of  the  English  text,  in 
its  printed  form,  have  been  collated  with  the  Latin  of  the 
Exchequer  MS.  The  final  conclusion  is  that  nothing  short  of  the 
issue  of  the  Latin  text  in  its  entirety  will  definitively  clear  up 
the  frequent  mistakes,  the  numerous  obscurities,  and  the  strange 
inconsistencies  of  the  English  rendering. 

It  is  plain,  from  several  circumstances,  that  more  than  one 
person  took  part  in  the  work  of  translation.  Thus,  to  take  the 
evidence  of  single  words,  in  the  formulae  which  enumerate 
manorial  privileges  and  burdens  there  is  one  man  who  renders 
pascua  by  'fedingis'  559/16;  libertates  by  'fredomes'  33/9; 
quietedamavit  by  phrases  such  as  'claymyd  to  be  in  pees  and 
rest*  80/14,  or  '  claymyd  to  be  in  rest'  78/6,  and  the  like; 
servieia  inde  debita  et  iure  con#ueta,  by  '  seruycis  therof  dewe  and 
I-wonydJ,  186/24;  while  another  renders  the  same  words  and 
phrases  by  'lesues'  604/1  ;  'libertees'  269/27;  '  quyte-claymed  * 
100/14;  'seruyce  therof  dew  and  of  right  accustomed'  55/26. 
The  same  conclusion  is  borne  out  by  the  use  of  alternative  forms 


Defects  of  the  English  Register  xcv 

in  the  pronouns  'hem'  and  'them',  'her'  and  'their';  and  by 
the  use  of  harder  forms  '  gife '  and  '  gate ',  or  of  softer  forms  '  yefe ' 
and  '  yate '.  It  is  also  plain  that  in  some  portions  of  the  MS.  there 
is  a  far  firmer  grip  of  English  construction  than  in  others.  If 
ever  a  competent  archivist  succeeds  in  discovering  exactly  the 
original  order  of  the  sheets  of  the  MS.  (p.  xvii),  we  may  also 
attain  to  the  determination  of  where  the  first  translator,  or  group 
of  translators,  left  off,  and  the  other  or  others  began. 

Taking  what  is  presumably  the  work  of  the  earliest  of  the 
translators,  the  'pore  brodur  and  welwyller',  25/19,  we  may  put 
down  our  impressions  of  it  under  a  number  of  separate  heads.  On 
the  whole,  he  seems  to  have  undertaken  the  task  with  no  very 
distinct  appreciation  of  the  exactitude  attained  by  Latin  inflec- 
tions, and  without  any  scheme  for  correctly  expressing  in  unin- 
flected  English  the  intricate  relationships  of  words  which  occur  in 
complicated  Latin  sentences. 

Latinisms  in  single  words. 

Real  English  equivalents  for  Latin  words  were  not  always 
forthcoming.  In  the  translation,  therefore,  we  have  often  the 
Latin  words  unchanged,  or  with  a  minimum  of  change.  Examples 
are : — 

in  gersumma,  V.  marke  of  syluer  in  gersumm  209/16. 

gracias,  gracias  say  we  12/232  ;  sey  gracias  12/251. 

in  soca,  in  soca  of  the  bisshop  658/9. 

benefactores,  benefetours  605/4. 

levare,  to  make  levey  268/25. 

decime  noualium  vestrorum,  tythes  of  youre  noualle  680/21. 

quiete-clamavit,  claymyd-quite  159/12. 

renuncians  exceptioni,  renuncyng  to  the  excepcion  266/7,  8. 

in  dudbus  primis  sortibus,  in  two  the  first  sortis  290/26. 

Tentative  renderings  of  single  words. 

In  other  cases  the  translator,  knowing  of  no  fixed  technical 
equivalent  in  English,  has  sought  to  express  the  Latin  word  by 
giving  the  English  of  its  component  parts.  These  forms  are  of 
especial  interest.  They  show  that  it  was  still  possible,  in  1460, 
that  the  vocabulary  of  the  English  tongue  might  have  consisted 
mainly  of  words  built  up  of  native  elements  and  so  akin  to 


xcvi  Defects  of  the  English  Register 

modern  German,  and  not  of  words  borrowed  from  Latin  and  so 
akin  to  modern  French.  What  influences  determined  the  abandon- 
ment of  again-buyer  and  the  adoption  of  redeemer  ? 

quae  adiacet,  that  lieth  to  301/10. 

benef adores,  good  doers  604/16. 

contradicunt,  they  a-geynst  sey  47/16. 

sine  ulla  contradictione,  withoute  ony  a-geynyste  seynge  171/31, 
198/15. 

contraveniant,  come  agayn  [=agaynst]  380/24. 

contraveniat,  come  ayenst  416/15,  16. 

omnibus  aliis  exitibus  terre,  all  other  availes  that  comyn  out  of 
the  londe  257/15. 

cum  hominibus  libere  tenentibus  with  men  freholders  300/33. 

predictus  prior,  the  seyd  prior  before  47/11. 

quieteclamavit,  claymyd  to  be  quiet  198/30;  claymyd  to  be  in 
rest  81/15;  199/4,  5- 

redemptor,  oure  lord  agayne-byere  Ihesu  676/26. 

regressus,  agayn  goyng  243/9,  10. 

retinere,  to  hold  stille  88/3. 

sine  ullo  retinemento,  without  ony  withholdyng  agayne  300/13. 

rescriptum,  ayeyn-wrytynge  351/28. 

Duplicate  renderings  of  single  Latin  words. 

The  translator's  uncertainty  as  to  how  he  should  express  himself 
is  almost  painfully  shown  in  the  multitude  of  instances  in  which 
he  has  been  afraid  to  commit  himself  to  one  English  equivalent  for 
a  Latin  word,  and  so  introduces  two  words  in  his  rendering  for 
one  in  the  original,  very  often  a  Latinism  conjoined  with  a  tenta- 
tive English  alternative.  This  expedient  often  darkens  the 
meaning  of  the  whole  sentence.  Examples  are  : — 

angulus,  an  angle  or  a  corner  171/29. 

attornavit,  attorneyd  or  made  attorney  560/2. 

secundum  careatum,  the  seconde  careatum  or  cariyng  458/22, 

459/24- 
cum   competente    mansione,    with    a   competent    or   accordyng 

dwellyng  place  259/38. 

contradictio^  agayn-saing  or  contradiccion  261/11. 
deducta,  I-deduced  or  I-take  out  489/31. 


Duplicate  renderings  of  words  xcvii 

sine  ulla  difficultate,  without  ony  difficulte  or  tariyng  261/7,  8« 
dissensiof  a  dissencion  or  mater  of  question  366/5;    a  debate 

and  mater  of  question  366/30. 

prout  divisasunt,  even  as  they  be  departed  or  devided  302/2. 
excommunicatis  exclusis,   cursed  people  I-excluded  or  I-shitte 

oute  680/34. 

impeticio,  impeticion  or  axyng  266/6. 
diem  iudicii,  the  day  of  iuggement  or  dome  645/6. 
perocto  leucas,  by  viij.  lekis  or  myles  260/26. 
non  levare,  did  not  leuy  or  aroise  485/28. 
cum  omnibus  dliis  libertatibus,  with  all  other  liberteis  or  fredoms 

605/13. 
non  numerate  pecunie  et  non  tradite,  of  not  I-numbred  not  I-paid 

and  of  the  money  not  I-take  to  hym  266/8. 
in  particulis,  in  particles  or  litel  partis  255/3. 
de  perquisitis   suiv,   of  his   owne  getyng  or  ('of   in  Text  is 

wrong)  perquysitis  257/8;  559/14. 
praetor,  pretor  or  mayere  372/18. 
per   procuratorem    suum,   by  ther   procuratoure  or    attorney 

524/20. 

pro  .  .  .  querelis,  for  .  .  .  quareles  or  playntis  277/29,  628/15. 
ratione,  by  the  reson  or  skille  302/23. 

sine  reclamatione,  without  reclaymyng  or  criyng  agayn  466/1 5, 1 6. 
in  recognicionem,  in  recognycion  or  agayn  knowlechyng  385/24. 
recognovit,  made  a  knowlech  and  recognicion  265/14,  15. 
de  recto,  by  the  bref  *  de  recto ',  that  is  to  sey  of  right  249/1 1. 
cum  .  .  .  redemptionibus  progenitorum,  with  .  .  .  redempcions  or 

ayene-biyngis  of  progenitours  or  fadirs-afore  605/1 i ;  a- 

geyne-byynges  of  her  progeniturys,  627/11. 
renunciantes,  renounsyng  and  forsakying  261/10;  renunsyng  or 

forsakyng  480/2. 
requisiti,   whenne   f>ey   been   conueniently   requisityd   or   axid 

M7/7- 

sine  ullo  retinemento,  without   any  reteynyng  or  withholdyng 
242/10  ;    without  ony  reteynyng   or  withholdyng   agayn 

257/9- 
quae  .  .  .  Thomas  .  .  .  retinuit,  which  .  .  ,  Thomas  .  .  .  reteyned 

or  holde  243/7. 
ripariae,  ryversor  riparies  559/16. 


xcviii  Duplicate  renderings  of  words 

ruinosum,  ruynowse  or  fallyngdowne  491/13. 

unam  salinam,  one  salyne,  that  is  to  sey,  a  salte  pitte  664/12. 

scriptor,  scriptor  oferwise  writer  141/2,  3. 

cumiiij.  scrophis,  with  iiij.  scrophis  or  diches  290/27. 

separatim,  separat  and  diuided  or  by  them  self  249/9. 

cum  sequdis  suis,  with  her  sequelis  or  hem  ]?at  folowe  of  hem 

627/9. 

sponsus,  husbond  or  spouse  259/20,  21. 
tenentes,  tenauntis  and  holders  507/5. 
in  territorio,  in  the  territory  or  ground  290/4. 
haec  transaccio,  thys  transaccion,  or  translacion  230/14. 
de  vilenagio,  of  bondholde  or  vilenage  280/20,  21. 
in  viUenagiis,  in  villenagis  or  bondages  257/15  ;  258/26. 
visu,  by  the  sight  or  vewe  357/2. 

Examples  of  duplicate  rendering  without  obvious  repetition  of 
the  Latin  word  in  either  member  are  : — 
accidere,  to  happe  or  falle  or  towche  250/4. 
evenire,  to  falle  or  chaunce  300/2. 
tenebantur,  they  were  I-hold  or  I-bound  301/35. 
versus,  towarde  or  ayenst  507/12. 

Wrong  renderings  of  single  Latin  words. 

There  are  numerous  instances  of  wrong  rendering  of  single  Latin 
words  and  expressions,  with,  in  some  cases,  consequent  obscurity. 
The  following  examples  are  in  addition  to  those  which  have  been 
already  given  in  the  notes. 

proximas  illis  dudbus  acris,  next  to  the  acre  299/8.  The  sense 
of  the  whole  sentence  is  lost.  The  passage  ought  to  be : — ij.  acres, 
next  toward  the  south  to  those  two  acres  which  were  Symon 
Balehorn's. 

exceptis  trigesime  acre,  excepte  thritty  acres  90/12.  It  should 
be  : — except  [the  tithes]  of  each  thirtieth  acre.  The  mistake  puts 
out  of  view  a  noteworthy  rule  as  to  tithe  (Ixxvi). 

in  assartis,  I-hegged  in  297/16,  concealing  the  special  character 
of  the  enclosure  (p.  Hi). 

ad  easdem  [sc.  virgatas],  to  hit  294/18.  The  whole  passage  is 
thrown  out  of  gear.  It  ought  to  be: — iij.  yerdis  [virgatas]  of 
londe  in  the  feld  of  Karsynton,  with  the  mede  longyng  to  them  as 


Errors  in  the  English  version  xcix 

lotte  yeveth  from  yere  to  yere,  namely,  that  yerde  londe  the  which 
Seuald  held  sometyme,  etc. 

tempore ' donacionis,  in  the  tyme  of  his  lyf  245/20,  instead  of 

'  at  the  time  of  his  gift '. 
eius  or  suis,  his  33/4,  for  'her'. 
eius,  hir  65/24,  for  'his'. 

tilts  et  eorum  heredibus,  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  246/21. 
et,  of  265/10,  for  'and*.     Jordan  of  Aldewelle  was  'lettyng', 

i.  e.  defendant  in  the  case. 

CC  Hire,  CC  mark  266/  title  of  no.  365.     But  correct  266/20. 
in  medietate,  immediate  297/17. 
quibuscunque  et  quandocunque,  to  ...  whosoeuer  or  whomsoever 

286/30. 
retinuimus,  changed  to  third  person  and  translated  '  they  held ', 

252/21  ;  but  it  means  'they  retained',  when  they  alienated 

the  rest. 

coram  barone  de  scaccario,  afore  a  Baron  of  the  courte  244/13. 
soror,  wyf  259/19. 

iiuxta  terram,  next  to  the  ende  297/21. 
vel,  of  300/17.     It  should  be : — spores  or  ij.d. 
cum  dimidia  virgata,  with  half  j.  acre  261/22. 


Wrong  renderings  of  longer  passages. 

Several  passages  of  more  or  less  length  are  hopelessly  or  unin- 
telligibly misrendered.  Examples  are  : — 

renuncians  excepcioni  de  '  non  numerate  pecunie  et  non  tradite ', 
renuncyng  excepcion  not  remembred  of  none  payment  to  me  taken 
266/20.  The  passage  is  a  negative  formula  of  acknowledging 
payment  266/8.  It  should  be  : — promising  not  to  make  use  of  the 
objection  that  the  money  had  not  been  paid  and  handed  over. 

The  formal  marriage-settlement  in  deed  no.  353  is  specially 
unfortunate  in  regard  of  misrenderings : — 

(A)  *  Quam  quidem  cartam,  vna  cum  carta  mea  quam  dictis 
Willelmo  filio  meo  et  Colette  vxori  sue  de  dicta  terra  cum  per- 
tinentiis  feci,  et  alias  cartas  confectas  a  dicto  Alexandro  de  dicta 
terra  cum  pertinentiis  quam  dictus  Alexander  dicto  lohanni  filio 
Radulphi  tradidit  et  liberavit  .  .  .  liberavi/ 


c  Errors  in  the  English  version 

The  passage  refers  to  the  complicated  title  deeds  (p.  xvii)  of  the 
property  which  is  being  conveyed.  These  are  (i)  '  quam  quidem 
cartam ',  the  formal  conveyance  by  Alisaunder  to  lohn  fitz  Raaf;  (ii) 
'cartamea* — the  settlement  by  William  on  his  son  and  daughter-in- 
law;  (iii)  other  deeds  executed  by  Alisaunder  in  favonr  of  lohn  fitz 
Raaf;  (iv)  etc.  All  these  were  transferred,  with  the  land,  by 
William  the  father  to  William  the  son.  This  is  made  a  hash  of  in 
258/15-19. 

(B)  '  Quod  si  dicta  Coletta  conceperit  de  dicto  Willelmo  filio 
Willelmi  sponso  suo  et  prolem  in  luce  perduxerit,  ipsa  videlicet 
proles '  should  have,  etc.     The  passage  is  a  simple  deed  of  entail 
in  favour  of  issue  of  the  marriage.     It  is  very  obscurely  given 
259/20,  21. 

(C)  'Et  si  dictus  Willelmus  filius  Willelmi  ante  suscitatam  prolem 
de  dicta  Coletta  uxore  sua  obierit.'     The  clause  makes  provision 
for  life-rent  to  the  widow  in  case  of  her  husband's  decease  without 
child.     This  also  is  very  obscurely  given  259/24. 

(D)  'Ad  denarios  dicto  Willelmo  de  Sancto  Audoeno  pacatos  plene 
levandos.'     Provision  is  made  for  a  temporary  ownership  of  the 
land  till  repayment  has  been  obtained  of  money  advanced  on  it. 
The  rendering,  259/30,  makes  it  appear  as  payment  of  new  purchase- 
money. 

Adherence  to  Latin  construction  and  order. 

The  English  text  is  greatly  darkened  in  a  multitude  of  places 
by  the  Latin  constructions  being  retained  where  they  are  foreign 
to  the  genius  of  uninflected  English. 

Accwative  and  infinitive.  The  translator  had  not  found  out 
that  this  common  Latin  idiom  ought  to  be  otherwise  expressed  in 
English,  e.  g.  by  '  that '  followed  by  subject  and  verb  in  indicative. 
There  is  this  excuse  for  him  that  his  version  was  intended,  26/1,2, 
to  be  read  alongside  of  the  Latin. 

Examples  of  simple  accusative  and  infinitive  are : — 

He  willed  to  be  know  hym  self  to  have  I-graunted  104/6,  i.  e. 
that  he  had  granted. 

"Walter  .  .  .  made  a  knowlechyng  hym  and  his  heires  to  be  hold 
410/19:  'recognovit  se  et  heredes  suos  teneri/  viz.  acknowledged 
that  he  and  his  heirs  were  bound. 


Latinisms  in  the  English  version  ci 

Yf  hit  happun  hem  to  be  amercid  608/20,  i.  e.  that  they  are  fined. 

In  these  examples  preceding  the  construction  is  rendered  less 
harsh  by  the  fact  that  the  pronoun  possesses  an  objectival  inflection. 

In  some  instances  the  translator  has  started  on  the  construction 
with  '  that ',  but  not  carried  it  out,  e.  g. : — 

Ranulph  . .  .  willed  to  be  know  that ...  to  have  graunted  90/7,  8, 
i.  e.  that  he  had  granted. 

Yf  hit  happe  that  the  forsaid  Alexandre  ...  to  faile  of  the  pay- 
ment 126/36. 

William  .  .  .  made  a  knowlech  .  .  .  that  the  foreseid  mese  ...  to 
be  the  right  of  the  same  Kichard  345/32. 

Ablative  absolute.  The  translator  has  not  observed  that  the 
inflection  for  the  ablative  case  removes  all  possibility  of  confusion 
in  the  Latin,  whereas  there  is  nothing  to  show  in  an  English 
junction  of  a  noun  and  a  participle  that  the  noun  is  neither  subject 
nor  object  in  the  sentence,  but  stands  apart  from  it.  The  ablative 
absolute  is  a  favourite  idiom  in  the  formula  of  papal  commissions, 
and  these  documents  are  therefore  specially  hard  reading  in  the 
text. 

An  example  is  : — 

}?e  abbas  of  Godestowe  and  J?e  couent  I-callid  afore  hem  136/19. 
If  any  device  like  '  having  been  I-called '  had  been  used  to  express 
vocatis,  the  construction  would  have  been  clear. 

Latin  impersonal  verb  and  reflexive  verbs. 

The  translator  allows  himself  to  be  overly  shackled  with  both 
these  idioms.  Examples  of  impersonals  are : — 

Dicitur,  Seythe  236/30,  meaning  'they  state  that'. 

pontem  quo  itur,  the  brigge  by  the  which  hit  is  to  go  385/13, 
i.  e.  by  which  people  go.  Cp.  536/6. 

There  is  a  misrendering  of  an  impersonal : — as  hit  shewith  and 
witnessith  484/27,  must  be  '  as  it  is  shewn  and  witnessed '. 

The  most  common  reflexive  verb  is  se  extender  e  in  expressing  the 
lie  and  limits  of  lands.  In  a  great  many  places  we  have  the 
renderings  'hit  streccith  hit-self  267/15  ',  'thei  strecehen  themself 
301/19  ;  but  there  is  a  tendency  towards  using  the  simple  forms,  '  it 
streccith'  299/13,  '  they  strecehen '  247/9. 


cii  Latinisms  in  the  English  Version 

Retention  of  the  Latin  order. 

The  translator  lias  overlooked  the  propriety  of  conforming  to  the 
English  order,  viz.  subject,  verb,  object.  The  effect  of  this  neglect 
is  sometimes  perplexing  at  first  sight,  and  requires  a  moment's 
reflection  to  make  English  of  it : — 

The  tenement  that  somtyme  held  Luce  Cane  116/8. 

The  house  . .  .  the  which  now  holdith  the  abbot  of  Oseneye  438/1. 

That  he  shold  brynge  into  the  possession  of  the  tythes  of  the  said 
mylles  the  said  mynchons  89/37. 

In  the  same  manner,  exactly  in  the  Latin  way,  a  participle  is 
often  put  a  long  way  from  the  noun  it  goes  with  and  an  adjective 
after  the  noun  it  qualifies,  e.  g. : — 

Anneys  ...  in  her  pur  weduhod  and  lauful  power  beynge  320/28. 

pro  servicio  regali,  for  seruyce  riall  270/16. 

servicium  debitum  et  consuetum,  seruice  dewe  and  wonyd  225/14. 

There  is,  however,  apparent  a  tendency  to  English  order,  e.  g. : — 

With  all  dewe  and  wonyd  seruyce  263/5  ;  278/24. 

Neglect  of  Latin  exactness. 

One  of  the  most  desolating  errors  of  the  translator  is  his  replacing 
of  the  highly  inflected  and  therefore  exceptionally  distinct  Latin 
qui,  quae,  quod,  by  absolutely  colourless  words  the-which,  which, 
that  equally  applicable  to  all  cases,  numbers,  genders.  Cp.  Oseney 
English  Register  (E.E.T.S.,  1907),  p.  5,  note  4.  This  is  the  more 
to  be  regretted,  because  he  was  not  ignorant  of  the  possibilities  of 
exactness  attainable  by  means  of  who,  whom,  whose,  which.  This 
will  be  noticed  later  on,  pp.  cxxx,  cxxxi. 

Ambiguous  use  of  to  take. 

Great  dubiety  is  imported  into  the  text  in  many  places  by  the 
absolutely  contradictory  use  of  the  verb  to  take,  as  meaning  (i)  to 
receive,  capere,  recipere;  (ii)  to  give,  committere,  tradere.  Cp. 
Oseney  English  Register  (E.E.T.S.,  1907),  p.  73,  note  6. 

(i)  to  take=to  receive  to  oneself. 
they  toke  .  .  .  grete  hurt  25/9,  they  received, 
the  deene  .  .  .  toke  the  popes  maundement  88/24. 
Robert  .  .  .  toke  the  popes  lettres  93/2. 
take  101/20,  25,  to  receive,  to  be  paid. 
Reynolde  toke  ...  in  hys  .  .  .  proteccion  182/7,  recepit. 


Defects  of  the  English  version  ciii 

to  distreyne  and  to  take  226/5. 

to  take  ayene,  506/22,  to  receive  back. 

but  (ii)  to  take = to  give  away. 
In-to  f>i  handes,  lorde!  I  take  my  soule  12/225. 
toke  43/6,  commisit. 
toke  83/14,  86/14,  gave  and  granted, 
toke  to  a  fee-ferme  361/12,  gave  a  lease  of. 
toke  and  left  606/10,  tradidit  et  dimisit. 

Accumulation  of  negatives. 

The  duplication  and  accumulation  of  negatives  is  a  characteristic 
feature  of  the  text. 

J>at  fei  haue  no  parte  .  .  .  ne  no  parte  3/28,  29. 

that  in  oure  way  no  wise  we  erre  nought  15/319. 

Whom  J>at  I  wyl  chaunge  neuer  for  no  newe  20/485. 

he  shold  not  do  no  sacrament  but  syngyng  of  masses  94/8. 

fat  thys  yft  shuld  not  be  dowtfull  to  no  man  209/16. 

to  take  awey  thys  almys  213/8. 

we  forbede  also  that  no  man  be  bold 

nofer  hyt  sholde  not  be  law  full  ...  to  make  a  testament 
233/12,  13. 

so  that  nother  he  ne  none  of  his  heires  shold  not  afterward 
chalange  nother  clayme  no  right  ne  clay  me  in  the  forsaid  mese 
268/19-21. 

so  that  he  and  his  heires  shold  never  axe  no  thynge  309/14. 

she  shold  not  make  no  testament  356/28. 

nother  his  executours  shold  not  have  no  admynystracion  of  his 
goodes  394/12. 

so  that  nother  the  said  Edmond,  nother  his  heires,  myght  never 
t  in  no  wise  ...  clayme  ony  right  563/3,  4. 

Analysis  of  verbal  forms. 

The  Text  is  not  altogether  favourable  to  a  tabulation  of  verbal 
forms.  As  has  been  pointed  out  [p.  xv  (E)],  the  translator  has 
intentionally  rejected  the  first  and  second  persons  for  the  third. 
There  are  thus  only  a  very  few  forms  found  for  the  first  and  second 
persons,  some  in  the  short  prefixed  pieces,  some  in  the  Text  at 
places  where,  by  forgetfulness,  the  translator  has  failed  to  keep  to 
his  self-imposed  rule. 


civ  Analysis  of  verbal  forms 

The  forms  which  occur  fall  into  four  distinct  sets  : — 

(i)  A  number  of  comparatively  highly  inflected  forms,  of  a  dis- 
tinctively '  deutsch '  type,  for  3rd  person  singular  of  the  present 
tense,  for  all  persons  plural  in  the  present  and  past  tense,  and  for 
the  past  participle.  These  present  an  English  verb  of  obvious 
cousin-red  with  the  modern  German  verb. 

(ii)  A  number  of  other  forms  for  the  past  participle  in  which  the 
presence  of  the  initial  t-  is  accompanied  by  dropping  the  inflectional 
letter  -n  or  -d  at  the  end. 

(iii)  A  multitude  of  past  tenses  and  past  participles  which  con- 
form to  the  types  which  have  become  standard  in  modern  English. 

(iv)  No  slight  number  of  forms  in  which  the  dropping  of  in- 
flectional elements  has  been  carried  to  an  extent  which  has  not 
succeeded  in  establishing  itself  in  modern  standard  use. 

The  verb*  to  be'. 

These  seem  to  be  the  outstanding  features : — 

(i)   Art,  are  do  not  occur. 

(ii)  Is,  was  are  the  only  instances  in  which  -s  occurs  as  ending 
for  3rd  person  singular  of  any  verb. 

(iii)  The  past  participle,  in  this  text,  never  has  i-  prefixed. 
But  i-be  occurs  in  Oseney  English  Register  (E.E.T.S.,  1907). 

(iv)  More  frequently  probably  than  in  any  other  verb,  the  past 
participle,  in  compound  tenses,  loses  every  inflectional  mark,  and 
is  reduced  from  ben  to  be. 

Imperative  of  to-be. 
2nd  pers.  sing. — be,  i.  e.  be  thou 

O  Cross  ...  be  euer  cure  spede  4/1. 

Euer  blessid  )>ou  be,  good  lorde !   12/238. 
3rd  pers.  sing. — be,  i.  e.  let  ...  be. 

Blessid  be  f>e  frute  of  pi  wombe  7/89. 
3rd  pers.  plur. — byn  i.  e.  be  +  n  (of  plurality),  let  them  be. 

Now  byn  they  to  god  commendyd  2  7/9. 

Present  tense  of  to-be. 
3rd  pers.  sing,  (uniformly)  is. 
ist  pers.  plur.  ben,  i.  e.  be  +  n  (of  plurality). 
We  ben  bought  15/317. 


The  verb  '  to  be '  cv 

2nd  pers.  plur. 

Ye  ben  hold  to  amende  471/4. 

Ye  bene  sette  to  goddes  seruyce  674/17. 
3rd  pers.  plur. — (i)  been,  ben,  bin,  byn. 

Al  fat  ben  ordened  1/17. 

Subiectes  fat  ben  acursed  1/21. 

Alle  .  .  .  been  a-cursed  2/4. 

My  defautes  ben  innumerable  9/154. 

They  byn  excusyd  47/38. 

Acris  .  .  .  fat  bin  next  64/2. 

Nicholas  and  William  .  .  .  byn  holde  and  bounde  175/19. 

ther  ben  iij.  fre  tenauntis  318/14. 

tenementes  fat  bin  holde  333/13. 
3rd  pers.  plur. — (ii)  be,  dropping  the  n  of  plurality. 

Al  fo  fat  by  name  be  acursed  2/10,  12. 

what-soeuer  fei  be  3/11. 

And  so  be  they  besy  27/3. 

them  that  be  now  and  to  come  549/4. 

3rd  pers.  plur. — (iii)  beth,  i.  e.  be  +  th,  which  is  properly  termi- 
nation of  3rd  pers.  sing. 

Al  [persons]  fat  beth  done  out  of  church  1/22. 

Alle  f o  .  .  .  fat  .  .  .  beth  assoyled  2/4. 

fer  beth  iij.  lies  of  mede  319/11. 

Past  tense  of  to-be. 

3rd  pers.  sing. — (habitually)  was. 

The  form  wace  occurs  once,  p.  26,  in  heading  of  deed  no.  2. 

The  form  whas  occurs  139/1,  17,  18  ;   146/4,  29. 
2nd  pers.  plur. — were. 

Ye  were  wonte  to  pay  123/14. 
3rd  pers.  plur. — (i)  weren,  weryn. 

Where  so  euyr  they  weryn  79/11. 

Her  predecessours  .  .  .  weryn  seysenyt  237/13  ;  597/13. 

ij.  acres  . .  .  the  which  weren  299/9. 

(ii)  (most  commonly)  were. 

f  e  cursyng  fat  fei  were  in  before  2/7. 

they  wer  wonyde  ...  to  take  228/29. 


cvi  The  verb  'to  be' 

Subjunctive  present  of  to-be. 
3rd  pers.  sing. — be. 

if  fe  forsayde  rente  be  not  payid  145/22. 
ist  pers.  plur. — ben. 

That  we  ben  saued  5/39. 

J>at  we  ben  cladde  17/388. 
3rd  pers.  plur. — be. 

vntil  j?ei  be  reconciled  1/25. 

yf  thei  be  not  I-founde  598/8. 

Subjunctive  past  of  to-be. 

3rd  pers.  sing. — were. 

whan  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe  were  ther  personally  35/2. 
if  J?e  fore-sayde  rente  .  .  .  were  not  payid  146/14. 
where  so  euer  he  were  233/4. 

Past  participle  of  to-be. 

(i)  usual  form. 

my  handes  to  synne  haue  ben  ful  light  10/173. 
(ii)  clipped  form,  in  very  frequent  use. 

f>e  had  be  in  possession  167/5. 

evene  as  ...  hit  had  be  of  ther  owne  almesse  652/22. 

as  hit  hath  be  said  155/14. 

as  hit  hathe  be  I-said  afore  512/3. 

hyt  hafe  be  shewyd  J>at  hyt  hathe  not  be  vsyd  231/10. 

I  haue  .  .  .  ofte  be  vnkynd  9/144. 

they  haue  be  wonyd  34/6  ;  2 19/7. 

A  nomalous  forms. 

We  find  ben  used  with  certain  auxiliary  verbs  which  are  usually 
combined  with  be.     This  may  be  past  participle  used  wrongly  for 
infinitive;    or  the  auxiliary  +  the  infinitive   may  be  regarded   as 
receiving  the  -n  of  plurality  at  the  end  of  the  composite  verb. 
In  J>is  world  here  shul  not  we  longe  ben  15/316. 
That  we  may  ben  seruantes  15/322. 
Compare  in  other  verbs : — 

that  [they]  sholde  in  no  damage  .  .  .  her  aftur  fallyn  25/24, 
all  ...  thyngis  which  gone  out  or  may  gone  out  of  the  forsaid 
lond  129/20,  21. 


The  verb  'to  give1  cvii 

The  verb  '  to  give '. 

Because  of  its  two-fold  pronunciation,  with  hard  g  or  soft  y,  and 
because  of  y  being  often  represented  by  5,  the  verb  to-give  is 
represented  by  an  exceptional  variety  of  forms. 

Form  I — '  to  give '. 
Infinitive : — 

to  distribute  also  and  to  gefe  to  J>e  .  .  .  parysshens  231/13. 
he  wyllythe  to  gyfe  . .  .  hyt  224/6. 
they  grauntyd  to  gyfe  to  hem  339/20. 
J>ei  sholde  not  gife  but  j.  besaunde  334/11. 
J>ei  wille  gif  hit  615/17. 
Present  tense: — 

as  the  lot  gyvyth  220/38. 
Past  tense: — 

Turstyne  .  .  .  gaf  and  grauntyd  43/11. 
Walter  Clifford  grauntid  and  gafe  135/5. 
Thys  medewe  he  gafe  570/11. 
the  fore-seyd  mynchons  gafyn  to  hym  219/24. 
Past  Participle : — 

(i)  full  form — i-gefen — does  not  occur, 
(ii)  shortened  form — i-gefe,  &c. 

These  finges  were  I-gife  and  actid  70/32. 
I-gyfe  at  Godstowe  80/10. 
I-geyf  at  Godstowe  82/7. 
I-gefe  at  Bloxham  236/14. 
(iii)  standard  form — given — not  found, 
(iv)  clipped  form  : — gefe,  &c. 
Wehaue  gyf  48/11. 
as  ony  almys  may  be  gyf  230/32. 
relef  sholde  be  gife  j?erof  334/1 1. 
hit  was  gef  to  hem  633/20. 
hit  was  gyfe  to  hem  634/14. 
Connected  Substantives : — 

they  shuld  be  cler  fro  gyfynge  of  such  maner  tethys  48/12. 
for  thys  gefynge  and  grauntynge  195/15. 
J>at  }?is  gifte  myht  bide  firme  132/17. 
thys  gyft  graunt  and  confirmacion  171/33. 
his  gift,  graunt,  con6rmacion  618/10. 
h  2 


cviii  The  verb  '  to  give ' 

Form  II — to  yeve. 
Infinitive : — 

to  ...  whom-so-euer  he  willed  to  yeve  ...  hit  150/21. 
they  myht  .  .  .  more  clerely  yeue  informacion  25/17. 
as  the  lotte  wille  yeve  277/22. 
Present  tense : — 

I  yeve  and  graunte  239/3. 
as  the  lot  yeuyth  220/37. 

as  certen  markes  J?ere  yeuin  and  shewin  68/19. 
Past  tense:— 

lohane  .  .  .  yaf  and  graunted  33/3. 

The  foreseyd  abbot  and  couent  . .  .  grauntyd  and  yaf  en  229/21. 
Present  participle : — 

yevyng  to  theym  .  .  .  power  37/18. 
yevyng  knowlech  that  they  347/23. 
Past  participle : — 

(i)  full  form — i-yefen — does  not  occur, 
(ii)  shortened  form — i-yefe,  &c. 
I-yef  at  Godstowe  2 1 2/2  2 . 
I-yeve  at  Godestowe  304/10. 
more  diligently  to  be  I-yeve  490/3. 
the  tythes  were  never  I-yeve  579/15. 
(iii)  standard  form — yeven — does   not  occur, 
(iv)  clipped  form. 

Bernard  .  .  .  hathe  yeue  and  grauntyd  30/18. 

as  ony  almus  may  be  yef  215/30. 

to  who-so-euer  they  were  yeve  269/28. 

I  have  yeve  full  power  471/10. 


(i)  full  form — i-yoven — does  not  occur, 
(ii)  shortened  form — i-yove. 

every  day  that  the  pytaunce  was  I-yove  99/21. 

by  the  auctorite  I-yove  to  them  365/23. 
(iii)  standard  form — yoven. 

Richard  .  .  .  and  Alice  .  .  .  hath  yovene  and  graunted 
49/21. 

we  have  yoven  licence  603/4. 
(iv)  clipped  form. 

shold  be  yove  99/21. 


The  verb  'to  give''  cix 

Connected  substantives : — 

all  the  yevynge  of  his  aunceturs  215/15. 

exempte  fro  yevyng  of  the  said  tythes  576/4. 

the  charters  of  the  yevers  244/31 ;  665/11. 

this  graunt,  yeft  and  confirmacion  210/11. 

his  yift  497/3- 

the  yifte  that  his  fadir  yaf  204/5. 

yiftes  and  helpes  342/11 ;  343/8. 

yiftis,  scottis  665/5;  670/14. 

the  yft  of  Guido  39/14. 

j?e  yfte  J>at  Raf  .  .  .  made  177/19. 

it  makyth  mension  of  the  grete  yftys  28/11. 

all  the  yftys,  landis  and  possessions  650/5. 

Form  III — to  jeve. 
Infinitive : — 

fere  successouris  sholde  $ef  144/24. 
Imperative : — 

2nd  pers.  sing. — }if  me  13/271  ;  ;iffe  me  13/264. 
— jeueth  me,  Seynt  Marke!   16/367. 
—good  lady!  jeue  us  16/355. 
Present  tense : — 

Lorde,  }?at  jeuest  us  many  Jringes  12/239. 
Past  tense : — 

Christe  ^aue  3/23. 

Robert  .  .  .  $af  and  grauntid  138/18;   202/22. 

J>e  .  .  mynchons  jaf  to  hym  147/18. 
Present  participle: — 

jeuyng  10/180. 
Past  participle : —     , 

whas  a  sentence  diffinityf  I-^ef  139/2. 

fowre  and  twenty  marke  of  syluer  I-^efe  and  assynyd  147/19; 

Bernard  .  .  .  hath  jyf  and  I-grauntid  573/2. 
Connected  substantives : — 

Jjys  jyfte  and  graunte  143/11. 

he  grauntyd  with  the  jyft  of  the  rent  340/15. 

of  his  gifte  and  of  fe  jyfte  of  William  623/6. 

the  foresayde  jyftes  203/22, 


ex  Present  tense  of  the  verb 

Present  tense :  3rd  person  singular. 

The  regular  termination  is  -th : — 

he  axeth  281/3. 

the  chartur  .  .  .  beryth  wyttenes  574/9. 

a  croft  .  .  .  buttythe  174/29. 

he  desyrythe  47/24. 

for  euyry  distreynynge  }>at  he  dothe  176/3. 

none  [=no  one]  that  gothe  away  680/30. 

scuage  whenne  hyt  happynyth  225/18. 

blis  fat  hath  none  ende  12/231. 

J>e  .  .  .  place  .  .  .  lyj>e  by-twene  177/5. 

the  which  mese  lieth  bitwene  96/20. 

whan  scuage  rynnyth  306/19. 

as  lawe  of  holichurch  seyth  3/3. 

Isabelle  of  Clare  .  .  .  seith  in  this  wise  549/2. 

J?e  hy  wei  J>e  which  streccith  64/1. 

whan  the  kyng  tallagith  his  demaynes  102/18. 

he  ]?at  vseth  hem  2/27. 
Forms  without  inflexional  ending  occur  very  rarely  : — 

J»e  life  J>at  neuer  ende  8/133.     This  is  possibly  for  the  sake  of 
rime. 

Richard  .  .  .  kyng  of  Romayns  .  .  .  sende  greting,   264/26. 

This  is  possibly  due  to  the  plural  of  majesty,  '  We'  264/29. 

as  the  charter  .  .  .  bare  out  and  witnessith  245/24.     Here  bare 

is  bearith.     It  will  be  noticed  later  (p.  cxxii)  that  when  two 

forms  come  together  one  or  other  is  apt  to  lose  its  inflexion. 

Present  tense :  all  persons  plural. 

It  is  plain  that,  for  all  persons  of  the  present  tense,  the  plurality 
suffix  was  usually  -n,  or  -en. 

Of  the  ist  person  plural  we  have  examples : — 

"We  ben,  supra  p.  civ. 

pyne  vtas  we  done  holde  21/505. 

We  interdijten  3/9. 
Of  the  2nd  person  plural  we  have  : — 

Ye  ben,  supra  p.  cv. 

Of  the  3rd  person  plural,  the  following  abbreviated  list  will 
give  an  idea  of  the  constant  use  of  the  form  : — 


Present  tense  of  the  verb  cxi 

they  abydyn  there  649/32. 

they  ben,  supra  p.  cv. 

acris  .  .  .  the  which  bntten  them  self  443/26. 

J?edir  comen  no  foles  19/462. 

hys  chyldryn  that  comyn  of  hym  210/24. 

heresyes  f>at  doon  spryng  24/597. 

the  oxen  .  .  .  feden  208/11. 

:jif  fei  gone  out  anon  1/23. 

J?ey  hauen  203/20. 

the  mynchons  havyn  216/8. 

londes  and  tenawntries  the  which  they  holden  205/27. 

tho  two  acris  lien  at  Anfric  81/29. 

the  wyche  londes  and  tenementes  lyen  and  been  146/29. 

al  so  long  as  they  liven  272/31. 

as  longe  as  j?ey  lyvyn  198/3. 

all  other  seruyces  that  longen  to  the  same  lond  265/25. 

demaundis  that  longyn  to  hym  209/11. 

the  forsaid  Abbesse  and  Couent  .  .  .  maken  594/16. 

they  .  .  .  oftyn  to  take  316/6,  debent. 

his  heires  oughten  to  waranti^e  527/5,  debent. 

the  service  ...  the  which  the  same  meses  oughten  527/1. 

the  foreseyde  mynchons  owyn  to  pay  yerly  228/31. 

f>e  sein  69/9,  say-en. 

J>ey  seyen  J»at  237/19. 

fey  seyne  fat  237/12. 

The  abbas  and  couent  of  Godstow  seyn  47/31. 

his  heires  shold  nevjer  .  ,  .  sesyn  155/22,  seize-n. 

as  fe  markis  shewin  67/6. 

two  acris  .  .  .  the  which  strecchen  247/9. 

the  markes  and  departyngys  vppon  euery  syde  techen  and 

shewyn  81/33. 

tho  thynges  that  towchyn  .  .  .  the  mynchons  649/34. 
iiij.  acris  .  .  .  ]?e  whiche  turnin  141/6. 
al  men  ...   fat  vsen  haserdyng  ...   or  ellis  maken  hem 

parteneres  3/11. 

as  the  charters  of  them  witnessen  309/3. 
as  her  charturs  witnessin  131/5. 
J>e  seide  abbas  and  ofer  wrongin  him  136/10. 
the  whyche  the  seyd  mynchons  wyllen  to  sende  649/30. 


cxii 


Present  tense  of  the  verb 


Present  tense :  third  person  plural. 

Besides  the  -n  form  just  noticed,  two  other  forms  occur  frequently 
in  the  third  person  plural. 

i.  Forms  without  plurality  mark. 
In  many  cases  the  plurality  mark  is  dropped, 
^if  f>ei  do  it  hit  not  2/6. 
ij.  houses  ...  the  which  lye  410/5. 
iij.  seldes  .  .  .  the  which  lye  499/1. 
the  markes  and  departyngis  teche  and  shew  107/19,  20. 

ii.  Forms  with  -th  as  plurality  mark. 
beth,  supra  p.  cv. 

al  oure  floures  begynneth  to  fade  19/436. 
they  .  .  .  graunte  and  .  .  .  byndith  hem  194/11. 
they  conteyneth  319/12,  13. 

William  .  .  .  and  lohn  .  .  .  hath  yoven  and  graunted  53/27. 
Allepat  helpethi/i. 
Alle  men  of  religion  fat  howselilth,  or  weddith,  or  anelith 

i/4,  5- 

iiij.  acris  .  .  .  of  the  which  ij.  lieth  359/13. 
Edward  Langford,  John  Nowers,  Squyers,  and  Thomas  Lewys 

sendith  gretyng  348/13. 

ij.  acres  .  .  .  the  which  strecchith  299/12,  quae  se  extendunt. 
as  the  markes  and  departyngis  vpon  everich  side  techith  and 

she  with  116/11. 

Fast  tense :  forms  in  use. 

The  forms  used  in  the  past  tense  do  not,  as  a  rule,  differ  from 
those  now  in  use  except  in  regard  of  archaic  spelling.  Only  a  few 
examples  are  therefore  given. 

hitbefalled  368/12. 

he  confer myd  hyt  with  hys  seele  235/14. 

but  he  left  and  dud  dew  satisfaccion  646/17. 

J?ey  dyd  no  wronge  237/4. 

the  antecessours  that  the  seyd  lande  fyrst  gate  and  purchasyd 
27/19. 

he  ...  impletid  hymin  the  kyngis  courte  260/23. 

Moolde  .  .  .  pleted  in  the  kyngis  courte  121/1. 

as  he  sawe  and  rad  166/17,  read. 


Past  tense  of  the  verb  cxiii 

dede  he  was  and  rose  vp  agayne  4/5. 

yf  he  say  hit  to  be  goode  93/14 ;  she  saw  the  charter  549/2, 
past  tense  of  to  sey=see. 

Into  wytnes  of  J>e  same  he  sette  hys  seele  235/28. 

his  winde  mille  fat  stondit  63/15,  standed= stood. 

hewillid  and  commaundid  227/18. 

he  wolde  and  commaundyd  203/21  :  past  tense  of  woll,  variant 

of  will. 

In  a  number  of  cases,  however,  the  -d  or  other  mark  of  past 
time  is  dropped.    Some  of  these  cases  may  he  due  to  clerical  error. 

ofte  to  her  come  by  a  vysyon  26/15,  it  came. 

f>e  oj?ers  come  not  to  answer  but  on  lohn  at  dale  answeryd  for 
hem  236/28. 

Godstowe  admyttyd  .  .  .  and  institute  hym  587/5. 

J>e  seide  Thomas  knowliche  J>at  71/20,  acknowledged. 

Herebert  knowliche  to  the  fore-seide  Osbert  328/25,  acknow- 
ledged. 

Alisaundir  .  .  .  quytte  hym  256/1,  acquitted. 

the  patente  that  the  kyng  sende  yow  92/24,  sent. 
Some  few  anomalies  require  separate  explanation : — 

He  institued  228/7  :  instituted  was  felt  to  be  harsh. 

as  J?e  charter  of  his  fadur  wytnyssenyd  203/25.     Probably 

begun  as  if  it  had  been  '  charters ',  and  left  uncorrected. 
In  the  following  cases  the  -en  plurality  mark  seems  to  have  been 
attached  in  error  to  the  3rd  person  singular : — 

he  bounden  hym  and  his  executours  594/13. 

he  bounden  hym,  his  heires,  and  assignes  597/6. 

so  J>at  . .  .  Raph  ...  by  none  in  hys  name  sholden  mowe  to  aske 
233/22. 

Fast  tense :  third  person  plural. 

In  many  cases  the  third  person  plural  is  found  still  retaining 
the  -n  plurality  mark. 

they  promysed  and  bounden  hem-self  126/8. 
they  bounden  them-selue  to  pay  x.  mark  483/3. 
yf  the  forsaid  Thomas  and  Cecilie,  or  the  other  of  them, 
faileden  or  failed  in  the  paiyng  466/4,  5  :  '  failed '  is  singular 
and  goes  with  '  other '. 


cxiv  Past  tense  of  the  verb 

gafyn :  supra  p.  cvii. 

they  hadden  349/1 ;    they  haddyn  78/8;  J>e  persons  .  .  .  ]?e 

which  haddin  69/6. 
they  helden  249/34;  j?eyheldyn  197/18;  they  hyldyn  222/26, 

226/19. 

the  brethyrne  .  .  .  leten  319/20. 
al  so  long  as  they  liveden  527/17. 
his  fadur  and  his  moodur  maden  631/14. 
the  gyft  that  his  aunceturs  madyn  571/15. 
yfe  all  thynges  .  .  .  myhtyn  haue  a  goode  effecte  79/29. 
Ipe  partyes  puttyn  to  fer  seeles  233/25. 
J?ey  seydyn  169/28. 

that  these  foreseyd  thyngys  shulden  byde  sure  222/14. 
the  sayde  mynchons  token  144/29,  took = gave, 
the  distreynyngis  that  they  token  315/4. 
weren,  supra  p.  cv. 
to  whom  so  euyr  £>ey  wolden  606/29. 
Raph  Chendut  and  Agnes  hys  wyfe  .  .  .  wyllydden  to  be  knowe 

80/2. 

Verb :  imperative  forms :  -th  and  -en. 

Only  a  few  occur,  and  these  in  the  prefixed  verses.    For  those 
belonging  to  be,  see  supra  p.  civ. 

2nd  person  sing. — lady!    .  .  .  praieth  5oure  sone  me  for  to 
spare  11/212:  pray  thou. 

all  holichurch  .  .  .  graunt  me  .  .  .  and  praieth  oure  lorde 

for  my  saluacyon  11/217. 
seynt  John  of  Beuerlay  . . .  gadre  us  floures  .  . .  and  cureth 

ferwith  oure  grete  soules  ache  17/383. 

3rd  person  sing. — The  communion  of  seyntis  now  for  vs  preith 
8/ii7=let  .  .  .  pray.     [More  probably  imperative,  or  in- 
tercessional,  than  indicative  and  stating  a  fact.] 
2nd  person  plural. — Prayeth  for  us,  Marcellyan  and  Marke 
18/421,  pray  ye. 
Nerei,  Achille,  and  Pancrace,  seyth  forjeuenesse. 17/385, 

=say  ye. 

Philip  and  Jacob!    maken  mencyon  17/3 7 3,  =  make  ye 
mention. 


Present  Participle  cxv 

Verb :  present  participle. 

In  a  few  cases  the  'g'  of  the  present  participle  inflexion  is 
dropped.  This  is,  by  the  rarity  of  it,  probably  a  mere  clerical 
error,  and  not  an  intrusion  of  the  alternative  dialectical  form, 
'and,'  'an/  'in.' 

v.  acres  (lien  to-gedir)  301/12,   acre  (iacentes  simul) ;    but 

liyng  301/15. 

iiij.  buttes  of  londe  Hinge  togedur  and  strecchyn  hem-selfe 
615/11 ;  but  Hinge  togedur  and  strecchinge  615/9. 

Verb :  past  participle 

Of  all  parts  of  the  verb,  the  past  participle  is  presented  to  us 
in  the  greatest  variety  of  forms.  I  have  arranged  these  forms  in 
such  groups  as  seemed  most  natural,  and  have  brought  under  each 
group  an  alphabetical  list  of  verbs  which  come  under  it.  The  past 
participle  is,  beyond  all  doubt,  the  outstanding  feature  of  the 
Godstow  text. 

Past  participle  :  Form  I. 
i-  +  verb  stem  (possibly  modified)  +  n  of  past  time. 

This  form  is  singularly  scant.  Notice  has  already  been  taken 
(pp.  cvii,  cviii)  of  its  absence  in  the  verb  to-give.  I  seem  to  have 
come  across  only  one  instance : — 

thyngis  resonably  I-goten  658/12. 

Past  participle :  Form  II. 
i-  +  verb  stem  +  -d  of  past  time. 

This  is  probably  the  prevailing  form.     I  give  no  more  than  one 
example  in  the  case  of  any  one  verb,  except  for  some  special  reason. 
The  thyngis  were  I-acted  107/8. 
Justices  I-assinid  to  here  .  .  .  transgressions  637/22. 
licence  I-axed  93/14. 
houses  I-bilded  416/1. 
ten  pounde  .  .  .  I-borowed  596/18. 
the  witnesses  that  were  I-called  89/5. 


cxvi  Past  participles 

strife  I-cesid  79/28. 

a  writyng  I-chartered  525/5. 

J>e  .  .  .  couent  .  .  .  I-citid  636/9. 

two  toftis  I-closed  in  315/24. 

I-commaundid  622/30. 

the  cure  .  .  .  was  I-commytted  to  hym  674/4. 

they  had  I-communed  with  the  counseil  576/14  ;   27/2. 

the  terme  .  .  .  I-completid  317/28. 

to  be  I-confermed  515/1,  2. 

he  had  first  I-considred  tho  thynges  368/5. 

In  the  which  mese  is  I-conteyned  318/9. 

hit  was  I-corded  508/20,= accorded,  agreed  upon. 

that  parte  the  which  is  I-couered  with  stone  531/5. 

the  .  .  .  tenementis  were  I-delyuered  418/26. 

crofte  and  mede  I-dichid  in  euiri  side  and  I-closid  68/1. 

the  terme  of  x.  yere  I-ended  88/19. 

the  parishens  of  Wycombe  I-excluded  94/4. 

the  which  ben  I-fedde  and  ben  I-logged  578/18. 

she  had  I-founded  hit  652/22. 

these  thyngis  shold  be  I-fulfilled  380/21. 

that  that  is  I-graunted  for  the  nede  of  sike  men  94/26. 

expensis  I- had  88/10. 

ther   conuentuell    seale   that   is   I-hanged   to  this   writyng 

184/13. 
ther  commune  seale  was  I-honged  to   thise  present  lettres 

367/28. 

he  had  I-herd  by  inquysicion  312/29. 
to  them  I-ioinid  togedur  69/23. 
the  forsaid  fynges  not  I-keped  by  hym  94/22. 
to  the  partie  I-letted  370/10. 
the  premysses  fully  I-loked   and   I-sey  and   I-undirstonded 

581/16. 

the  wele  I-loved  to  vs  in  Crist  525/5. 
sholde  be  I-mercyd  237/26. 
strife  I-meuid  ageiniste  him  70/14. 
Eobert  .  .  .  and  Eobert  .  .  .  by-fore  I-myndyd  571/23. 
in  the  fourme  aboue  I-noted  493/11. 
with  all  ther  pertynentis  I- named  605/16. 
shold  be  surely  I-obserued  575/9. 


Past  participles  cxvii 

to  be  I-ordeyned  or  I-iuged  416/21. 

J>e  custome  of  time  I-passid  afore  70/23. 

tylle  J>e  foresayde  rente  be  fully  I-payid  145/28. 

we  haue  I-perdonyd  148/22. 

hyt  was  I-pleid  159/3  ;  hit  was  I-pleyd  133/7. 

hit  was  I-pleted  100/10  ;  hit  was  I-pletid  249/10. 

I-praiide  71/6. 

J?ei  were  I-priuilegid  136/25. 

as  hit  is  I-prouided  95/8. 

fere  content  I-purposed  89/16. 

I-ratified  and  sure  91/28. 

I-restored  to  the  said  lames  357/1. 

I-retourned  in  the  Chauncerye  566/25. 

I-rolled  in  the  kyngis  rolle  244/14. 

hys  two  dowhters  there  I-sacryd  to  God  49/7. 

tille  they  were  fully  I-satisfyed  88/9. 

as  hit  is  I-said  afore  186/19  ;    as  hit  is  I-seid  afore  240/11 ; 

these  yftys  aboue  I-sayd  29/24. 
she  was  I-segid  at  Oxenford  652/10. 
I-selyd  with  j>ere  sele  144/32. 
I-seysonde  of  ]>e  fore-seyde  tenantries  236/30  ;  I-seysynyt  of 

J>e  fore-seyde  tenementes  237/9. 
as  they  ben  I-shewed    300/24  ;    in  f>e  which  is  I-schewyd 

203/25, 

that  ben  I-somoned  598/10. 
the  parcels  ben  I-specified  558/21. 
lond  .  .  .  I-streight  in  al  so  good  a  place  155/12,  stretched, 

lying. 

this  present  charter  I  have  I-strengthed  124/23. 
J>e  paiment  I-taried  abacke  336/31. 
I-telyd  and  not  I-telyd  33/11,  culta  et  inculta. 
with  lampes  I-tended  677/6. 
with  . .  .  fredoms  afore  I-towched  272/1,  pretactis. 
they  were  I-troubled  659/7. 
customes  . .  .  afore  dew  and  I-vsed  563/27. 
they  were  I-wonyd  to   take  92/1 ;    was   I-woned  to  paye 

378/36;  were  not  I-wonid  to  pai  330/23. 
To  these  must  be  added  a  few  which  have  slightly  modified  this 
form :  e.  g. 


cxviii  Past  participles 

were  I-brente  416/4,  brenn,  burn. 

all  the  articles  I-content  in  the  same  charter  358/13,  con- 
tained. 

the  stryf  of  this  lawfully  I-contestate  575/32. 

ther  was  afreyndely  composicion  I-made  228/18;  this  present 
charter  I-maade  sure  140/3. 

at  the  termes  I-sette  35/21. 

Past  participle:  Form  III. 

i-  +  verbal  stem  with  vowel  modified : 
without  -n  or  -d. 

the  composicion  I-begonne  91/25. 

his  heires  lawfully  I-begote  491/4. 

the  seyd  mynchons  were  I-bounde  to  pay  80/5. 

whan  they  were  resonably  I-chose  101/30,  from  to-chese. 

ben  I-fed  yerely  208/14  ;  the  which  ben  I-fedde  575/26. 

the  goodes  ther  I-founde  88/8. 

that  were  I-gote  to  the  same  house  400/29. 

he  had  I-helde  239/11. 

they  had  I-ley  101/14,  fr°m  to-lie. 

We  have  I-sey  a  writying  525/4. 

the  yates  I-shitte  680/33. 

masse  shold  be  solempnely  I-songe  93/23. 

Ipe  balif .  .  .  I-swore  to  f>e  kynge  608/23. 

f>e  dai  and  place  within  I-wrete  70/14;  the  charters  .  .  .  ben 

not  I-writte  here  380/32. 
I-vndre-writte  381/1. 

Past  participle:  Form  IV. 
i-  +  plain  verbal  stem  only. 

a  solar  ouer  the  same  selde  I-bilde  508/24  ;  after  ]?at  hit  is  so 

I-bylde  149/21. 
I-cast  vppon  hys  londe  171/26. 
x.  yere  fully  I-complete  212/6. 
all  offeryngis  there  I-do  93/27. 
were  I-draw  out  354/29. 
they  were  I-exempte  578/35. 


Past  participles  cxix 

londis  .  .  .  they  late  had  I-gete  563/17. 

now  syth  is  thys  lady  .  . .  I-goo  26/27. 

he  is  I-holde  to  pai  yerli  335/8. 

and  was  I-know  to  hym  578/36. 

wyth  her  feyfe  I-pleyht  607/22;    by  her  trouthe  I-plight 

356/25. 

appele  I-put  aside  89/2. 
the  whyche  wer  I-quitte  237/27. 
J?er  was  a  delegacie  I-sende  631/28. 
ij.  acris  I-sowe  of  hard  corne  356/1. 
of  the  money  not  I-take  to  hym  266/9. 
the  corn  that  is  wonyd  to  be  gyf  I-thresshe  649/8. 
afore  I-write  449/23;  before  I-wryte  142/3. 
There  are  variant  forms  of  this  i-  of  the  past  participle,  viz.  y-  and 
a-,  but  both  occur  very  sparsely  in  this  text. 

vntil  fei  be  reconciled  and  y-come  to  amendemente  1/25. 
haue  y-hote  2/5,  i.  e.  y-behote,  promised, 
in  englyssh  bokys  well  y-lernyd  25/21. 
he  was  y-wonyd  to  yeld  408/27. 

oure  ynward  syght  ys  almost  a-gone  18/424. 

bi  viij.  yere   apaste  70/6;    in  ony  tyme   a-passed    303/12, 

tempore  elapso;  J?e  yer  fat  was  a-passid  637/16. 
ther  was  a-spronge  a  dissencion  366/4. 

This  a-  is,  in  one  instance,  found  prefixed  not  to  the  past  parti- 
ciple, but  to  the  past  tense  : — 

the    bothe  partyes   a-seelyd   euerych    to   of>er    146/21,   i.e. 
attached  their  seals. 

It  is  possible  also  that  certain  be-  forms  are  variants  of  the  i- 
forms. 

her  baylifs  were  be-holde  to  pay  to  hym  610/10. 

Past  participle :  Form  V. 

Forms  coincident  with,  except  for  archaic  spelling,  the  modern 
standard  forms,  obtained  (a)  by  adding  -n  (b)  by  adding  -d  (c)  by 
modifying  the  vowel  of  the  verb-stem. 

heires  of  his  body  begoten-  460/24. 

we  have  beholden  the  charter  123/27. 


cxx  Past  participles 

in  no  wise  stonde  bounden  126/23  ;   hys  heyrys  byn  bounden 

340/6. 
thys  transaccion  .  .  .  was  don  230/15 ;    al  that  beth  done  out 

of  church  1/22. 
Be  hit  knowen  193/31. 
a  yerely  rent  of  viij.  shillings  to  be  taken  364/2 ;  an  assise 

was  takyn  by-twene  hem  237/7. 
all  maner  of  instrumentis  .  .  .  which  hath  ben  withdrawen 

594/29. 
thys  chartur  afore  wretyn  222/15;    a^  tnise  afore-written 

thynges  523/2  ;   in  the  maner  vndir  written  379/22  ;  with 

all  libertees  to-fore  wrytyn  216/17. 


her  subiects  fat  ben  acursed  1/21. 

hathe  .  .  .  annexit  29/26. 

fei  mowe  not  be  assoyled  2/1. 

to  be  bilded  463/24. 

witnes  fat  bin  callid  and  named  136/13. 

yf  hit  were  commytted  184/19. 

as  hit  is  conteyned  in  the  charters  5 1 7/7. 

as  they  ben  departed  by  markes  204/28. 

mede  dichid  rownde  aboute  and  closid  67/5. 

in  churchis  enterdited  1/20. 

aftur  he  hadde  halowyd  the  churche  212/25. 

the  kynge  had  herd  all  27/1. 

to  hem  that  be  hurtyd  45/29. 

therof  was  he  impleyde  163/26,  implea-ed. 

to  be  keped  truly  88/12;   surely  to  be  kepid  89/4;  to  be 

kepyd  47/5  ;  sureli  to  be  kept  136/13. 
after  they  have  ben  layed  there  102/9. 
whos  dore  is  opened  toward  the  strete  101/22. 
howsis  to  be  made  506/8. 
to  be  payd  and  hadde  213/3. 

hit  was  pleid  bitwene  hem  635/10;  hyt  was  pleyd  172/1 1. 
hit  was  pletid  bitwene  hem  330/17. 
tille  fey  haue  restorid  2/17. 
as  hit  is  aforsaid  483/20. 
her  predecessours  .  .  .  weryn  seysenyt  in  the  same  tenantries 


Past  participles  cxxi 

whan  they  ben  resonably  somoned  206/5. 

acris  .  .  .  yerly  to  be  sowyd  217/1. 

in  telid  londis  and  vntelid  243/32,  in  cultis  et  incultis. 

they  were  wonyd  to  resceive  500/10. 


ther  was  a  strif  .  .  .  began  192/27  ;  ther  was  begon  a  debate 

366/30. 

ben  bound  to  pay  hit  126/26  ;  were  bownde  to  pay  222/25. 
J»ei  haue  chose  i/io :  from  to-chese. 
all  other  that  have  ben  gote  656/5. 
shold  make  to  [be]lefte-vp  463/23  :  lifted-up,  erected, 
hit  shall  be  ronge  93/29. 
f»er  be  sette  in  J?e  lawe  2/26. 
vnbroke  178/22;  221/9. 
in  the  termes  vndir-writte  87/12. 

Past  participle :  Form  VI. 

Forms  in  which  the  dropping  of  the  inflexions  has  been  carried 
beyond  the  point  recognized  by  the  present  standard  forms, 
be :  see  p.  cvi. 
when  }?ei  ben  bede  1/23. 
In  "Winchester  was  a  lady  bore  26/5 ;    that  was  of  j?e  modyr 

bor  27/10. 

aftir  tho  x.  yere  fully  complete  466/1. 
when  he  were  convicte  95/4,  convicted, 
bi  oure  delegat  and  ordinari  power  167/25,  delegated, 
the  paiyng  ...  to  be  do  38/25  :  especially  common. 
William  .  .  .  had  drawe  .  .  .  Roger  into  plee  637/5. 
to  be  exclude  ...  fro  all  right  505/26. 
into  many  synnes  ofte  haue  I  falle  8/137  :  shortening  possibly 

a  concession  to  rime, 
hit  shold  not  ...  be  forgete  520/11. 
3if  hit  wold  be  gete  21/521. 
to  be  hold   to  the  mynchons  36/24,  form  in  constant  use, 

especially  in  the  habendum  et  tenendum  formula,  to  be  had 

and  to  be  hold  313/12. 
he  had  laufulli  institute  and  sette  in  65/13. 
hit  is  to  be  knowe  that  163/14. 
I  haue  ofte  myspend  10/169  :  shortening  probably  a  concession 

to  rime. 


cxxii  Past  participles 

what  that  hit  were  nede  to  be  amended  87/9. 

as  he  had  sei  bi  her  charturs  132/14  ;  he  had  sey  and  behold 

the  ordeynyng  577/12. 
what  god  in  a  vysyon  her  had  sende  26/28. 
of  the  said  maner  to  be  sowe  87/31. 
be  take  with  ony  sikenesse  356/27. 
J>e  same  fat  is  wrete  next  afore  616/2. 
fredoms   byfore  wrete   173/15;    the  afore- write  couenaunte 

382/18;  ij.  shillings  ij.d  before-wryte  340/16. 
at  }>e  termis  vndur  write  336/15. 


Fast  participle :  conjoined  forms. 

It  is  noticeable  that  when  two  past  participles  come  together,  it 
often  occurs  that  one  is  of  a  more  archaic  form,  but  the  other  is 
shortened  in  some  way.  The  more  archaic  form  sometimes  has 
first  place,  sometimes  second.  The  same  thing  happens  with  the 
conjunction  of  three  past  participles. 

I-acted  and  I-do  579/34;  I-actid  and  do  167/29. 

Thomas  Tarlari  was  welle  I-content  and  plesid  621/19. 

that  mark  of  siluer  first  I-deduced  or  I- take  out  489/31. 

v.  acris  wele  I-eryd  and  not  I-sowe  356/2. 

vndurwodys  I-fellyd  and  to  be  fellyd  232/4. 

tenementis  .  .  .  I-gete  or  purchased  418/22. 

these  Binges  were  I-gife  and  actid  70/32. 

benefettys  .  .  .  I-grauntyd  and  yefe  647/5, 

they  were  so  I-labored  and  I-draw,  herd,  and  wrote,  and 
turned  588/29. 

to  have  I-loked  and  behold  585/31. 

I-prayed  and  requyred  588/31. 

I-saued  and  reserued  or  kepid  463/33. 

pease  I-supposed  and  had  86/28. 

I-take  and  leueyd  of  hys  londe  171/26. 

I- wrete  and  confer  my  d  644/7. 


thisB  afore  I-write  and  afore  I-diuided  thyngis  449/23,  24. 
to  be  amended  and  I-covered  87/9. 
were  hold  and  I-bound  418/1.8. 
to  be  hold  and  I-had  163/7. 


Past  participles  cxxiii 

that  they  be  not  ...  greved  or  I-weriecl  674/12. 

to  be  observed  or  I-kepid  578/5. 

Bernard  .  .  .  hath  $yf  and  I-grauntid  573/2. 

I-rede,  I-rehersed  and  I-vndirstonde  578/37. 
I-redde,  rehersed  and  I-vndirstonde  576/7. 


Plural  of  nouns. 

There  is  nothing  striking  in  the  inflexion  of  nouns.  Such  facts 
as  seemed  capable  of  tabulation,  in  respect  of  number  and  case, 
have,  however,  been  brought  together. 

Plurals  ending  in  -n. 

The  ending  -en  for  the  plural  is  found  attached  to  much  the 
same  list  of  words  as  still  retain  it  in  literature  or  in  general 
dialect.  It  is  perhaps  singular  that  we  have  never  housen  in  this 
text,  but  only  houses. 

Al  halowen  23/557 ;  the  fest  of  all  haloun  82/8 ;  the  fest  of 
Alhalowen    194/34.     But   we   have   also   the   fest   of  all 
seyntis  87/25;   228/34. 
brethern  93/7 ;  628/25;  brethyrn  174/4;   319/17;  brefyrn 

134/20;  brethyrne  195/2. 
caluene  331/14,  calves, 
chyldre    26/11;     chyldyr    26/7;     chyldyrn    43/5;     573/5 

chyldryn  210/24;  children  50/30;  82/13. 
fowre  horsshone  171/25. 
j.  paire  hosen  257/30,  unum  calciamentum. 
kyne  215/4  ;  318/11  ;  kene  543/26. 
oxen  208/8;  318/11. 

susteren  628/25;  sustern  681/26;  susterne  674/2;  systyrn 
174/4;  systryn  174/17;  sustirs  681/25;  sustres  676/11. 

Plural  instead  of  collective  use. 

The  plural  inflexion  is  found  attached  to  a  number  of  words 
which  are  now  generally  treated  as  collective  and  singular  nouns. 
Examples  are : — 

with  all  cornys,  heyes,  wolles  86/19,  i.e.  corn,  hay,  wool, 
all  cornis  136/2  ;  J>e  cornys  I-sowe  in  fe  same  assarte  182/26  ; 
i  2 


cxxiv  Plural  of  nouns 

in  cornys  and  medis   240/21,    in   bladis   et   pratis;    the 
vesture  of  cornys  growying  in  the  same  lond  466/27.     But 
we  have  also  in  corne  241/34,  in  bladis. 
after  the  decesses  of  the  forsaid  William,  Margerye,  and  Henry 

465/4. 

the  dunges  102/2;  the  donges  101/13. 
v.  acres  of  firses  343/5,  furze, 
hey  is  579/8,  hay. 
honest ees  229/19. 
ageynyste  all  pepuls  199/14. 

havyng  God  and  equyte  byfore  ther  sightis  576/15. 
to-gedirs  391/10;  togedris  541/32. 
bothe  parties  plight  ther  trowthes  517/17. 
in  all  wises  674/7. 

Collective  use  instead  of  plural. 

Some  words,  which  would  now  be  plural  in  form,  are  found 
regularly  used  without  the  plural  suffix.  Mark  (the  coin)  is  one  ; 
and  ploughland  is  a  second.  There  are  some  places  in  the  Text  in 
which  markes  has  been  given,  but  this  is  now  proved  to  be  an 
erroneous  expansion  of  the  contraction. 

iiij.  score  mark  of  siluer  265/31 ;  x.  marke  of  siluer  317/3. 
twey  ploughlond  265/12;  iij.  ploughlond  316/23. 

Plural  of  nouns  ending  in  sibilants. 

Nouns  which  end  in  sibilants  show  a  tendency  to  drop  the  -s  of 
plurality.  Examples  are  : — 

Amphelice  and  all  the  abbesse  succedyng  her,  99/18;  to  the 
same  abbesse  and  to  other  abbesse  that  shold  succede  her 
265/27.  But  we  have  also — other  abbesses  101/18  ;  o)?er 
abbasys  171/3!  other  abbessys  265/19;  ofer  abbassis  330/24. 

The  citteseyns  and  burges  of  Oxenford  29/4 ;  to  the  burgeys 
of  Wycumbe  87/18. 

distresse  198/19;  distres  332/26,  goods  taken  in  distraint. 
But  also — distresses  193/20;  distressis  137/25. 

Afore  the  kyngis  Justice  at  Westmynster  157/17  ;  afore  many 
lustys  in  the  same  place  574/15.  But  also — Justices 
100/4;  lusticis  100/27;  lusticis  lurneyng  159/28. 


Plural  of  nouns  cxxv 

These  beyng  wytnys  138/21,  hiis  testibus\  thewytnes  that  be 
callyd,  yf  they  wythdrawe  47/6.  But  also  —  the  witnesses 
that  were  I-called  89/4. 

Plural  of  nouns  ending  in  -el. 

Nouns  ending  in  -el  show  distinctly  a  tendency  to  drop  the  -s 
of  plurality  and  rank  as  singular  nouns  used  collectively. 
alle  offryng  of  candel  thorowe  the  yere  648/31. 
catall[i.e.chattells]  159/19;  466/9;  559/14;  catell  474/12  ; 
559/8.  But  also  —  catalles  127/1  ;  589/4;  catallis  416/10; 
559/29;  605/9;  catals  464/2. 
coterell  603/31  ;  627/10;  coterellis  605/9. 
novalle  680/21,  novalia. 

fro  all  quarell  and  playntys  571/10.  Plural  much  more 
common  —  quarels  242/5  ;  425/20  ;  querels  557/2  ;  querelis 
600/2. 

sequele  603/31.  But  the  plural  is  much  more  common  in  the 
manorial  formula  —  sequelis  559/9  ;  605/9;  627/9  ;  sequelys 
559/29;  58o/7;  sequels  329/8. 

Tendency  to  drop  plural  .suffix. 
Several  other  words  incline  to  drop  the  plural  suffix. 

The  costis  191/31,  but  —  the  .  .  .  cost  to  be  do  in  the  same 
houses  521/9  ;  vndur  f>e  forseide  waryn  and  his  heiris  coste 


•I 


to  drye  there  heryng  642/6. 

for  all  other  holdyng  afterward  his  londes  38/19;  and  many 

other  51/14,  et  multisaliis. 
of  both  partie  304/22,  i.  e.  on  both  sides. 
Godstow  and  all  thynge  perteynyng  therto  27/16. 
the  forsaid  x.  yere  212/6. 

Plural  attached  to  adjectives. 

In  some  few  instances,  copying  the  Latin,  the  -s  of  the  plural 
has  been  attached  to  the  adjective  as  well  as  to  the  noun. 
Examples  are  :  — 

accions  reals  and  personels  304/4. 

exceptions  dilatorys  350/14. 

lettres  obligatories  266/3. 

lettres  patentis  446/17,  18,  and  so  frequently. 


cxxvi  Possessive  case 

The  possessive  case. 

There  are  plenty  of  examples  of  the  ordinary  form  of  the 
possessive  case  —  e.g.  goddys-curs  43/16;  for  goddis  sake  246/2; 
for  goddes  sake  514/19. 

There  appears,  however,  a  tendency  to  separate  the  suffix  from 
the  noun.  Examples  are  :  — 

Ihesus,  oure  lorde  god  is  sone  7/90. 
Thorgh  crist  is  mercy  8/123. 
one  of  Benet  ys  heyre  19/444. 
in  kynge  Henry  is  tyme  217/27. 

In  several  cases  the  suffix  is  dropped  altogether.     Thus  :  — 
for  hys  fadyr  and  modyr  soule  27/17,  18. 
for  the  helth  of  his  fadir  soule  and  modir  soule  384/13. 
for  the  helth  of  his  soule  and  of  his  fadir  and  modir  sowles 


the  auctorite  I-yove  to  them  of  the  pope  self  365/23. 
lohn  .  .  .  put  to  hys  notarye  syne  231/22. 

In  all  the  above  instances  the  provocation  to  the  omission  may 
have  been  the  sibilance  before  words  beginning  with  s. 

Fossessives  replaced  by  compound  nouns. 

There  is  apparent  a  tendency  to  dispense  with  the  possessive 
case  by  placing  nouns  in  mere  juxtaposition.  The  result  is  a  set 
of  compound-nouns,  somewhat  as  in  modern  German. 

Two  types  are  distinguishable,  according  as  the  noun  in  the 
possessive  case  is  placed  first  or  second. 

(i)  Possessive-ease  noun  placed  first. 
angels  degre  7/94. 
with  bellis  ryngyng   1/20:    may  be  with  ringing   of  bells, 

pulsatione  campanarum. 

Seynt  Petir  chirche  hay  528/4,  the  fence  of  St.  Peter's  church. 
herte  contricyon  -8/1.2  2  . 
heuen  blys  19/464. 

one  knyght  fee,  314/15;  by  a  knyght  service  126/19. 
our  lady  knyght  16/365,  the  knight  of  Our  Lady. 
at  Marty  n  masse  499/26. 

J?i  passyon  pyne  5/35,  the  anguish  of  thy  passion. 
rent  gedurarys  25/17,  gatherers  of  rents. 


Possessive  case  cxxvii 

for  hys  soule  hele  573/5. 
for  hys  sowle  helthe  195/25. 
f>at  virgyn  flour  20/495,  possibly  flos  virginum. 
novall  tithis  633/19. 

In  a  number  of  cases  the  provocation  to  treat  the  words  in  this 
way  might  appear  to  be  the  desire  to  avoid  a  hissing  sound, 
next  to  the  abbess  e  lond  297/23. 
next  to  the  abbesse  mede  and  mynchons  of  Godestowe  298/4 ; 

iuxta  pratum  abbatisse  et  moniaUuin  de  Godestowe. 
afore  the  abbesse  proctour  94/20. 

(ii)  Possessive-case  noun  placed  second. 
of  the  forsaid  acre  mede  270/17,  acre  prati. 
the  sentence  of  this  charter  quyte-clayme  is  528/15. 
a  hide  lond  248/5,  hidam  terre. 

the  sentence  of  this  lettir  attorney  is  347/21 ;  565/1. 
one  plough  lond  268/13,  carucata  terre. 
for  the  tythe  hey  318/32,  pro  decimafeni. 
a  yerde  mede  55/20,  virga  prati. 

Comparison  of  adjectives  and  adverbs. 

The  examples  of  comparison  of  adjectives  and  adverbs  present 
us  with  several  eccentricities.  In  particular,  the  translator  could 
not  hit  upon  a  satisfactory  rendering  of  the  constantly  recurring 
tenure-clauses  melius  et  plenius,  melius  et  liberius,  and  similar 
formulae. 

as  the  charter  .  .  .  J?erof  more   better   and   fullyer  bereth 

witnesse  251/5. 

as  in  the  charter  .  .  .  more  better  and  frelyer  shewith  and 
witnessith  484/10. 


as  William  de  Kampan  [correct  Text  from  Latin]  more  frely 
and  quyetlyer  helde  ever  in  his  dayes  253/3,  4- 

as  he  ever  most  best  and  most  frely  held  hit  291/16. 

with  ony  almesse  in  Englond  most  freliest,  quyettisly  and  best 
I-holde  535/25. 

as  ...  his  vncle  helde  hit  moste  best  and  frelieste  in  his  life 
631/25. 

was  I-hold  in  Englond  most  freist  quyetyliest  and  best  658/18. 


cxxviii  Adjectives 

xxiiij.  of  the  moost  gentylwomen  that  ye  can  fynde  26/25. 
in  the  most  fre  and  best  wise  33/13. 
to  ther  most  grete  nede  528/12. 

)>e  more  nihher  614/35,  36. 

the  more  solempnyere  and  the  more  devoutly  489/35. 

more  sowther  66/10,  n. 

more  surere  583/4. 

most  best  and  most  profitable  261/1. 

the  most  northist  lotte  307/35,  36. 

the  most  westist  lotte  307/34. 

Personal  pronouns. 

There  seems  very  little  of  distinctive  matter  to  be  gathered 
about  the  personal  or  other  pronouns.     There  are  possibly  more 
frequent  traces  of  the  old  dative  case  than   are   common   now. 
There  are  alternative  forms  of  the  plurals  of  the  pronouns  of  the 
third  person.     Here  are  set  down  such  notes  as  have  been  made. 
ist  personal  pronoun. — he  us  graunt  27/11,  to  us. 
2nd  personal  pronoun. — Edyue,  ryse  the  up,  and  ...  go  ye 

there  26/22,  23. 

Now  of  the  lady  y  shal  yow  sey  26/13,  to  you. 
%rd  personal  pronoun. — thys  lady  ...  all  him  hath  shewed  what 

God  in  a  vysyon  her  had  sende  26/28,  to  him,  to  her. 
%rd  personal  pronoun  plural. — to   rede  bokys   and  hem  well 

vndurstonde  25/2. 

in  al  so  good  a  state  as  they  resceived  hem  or  better  317/20. 
he  shold  pray  to  god  for  them  97/28. 
to  be  paid  to  theym  193/9. 

Omission  of  pronoun. 

The  3rd  personal  pronoun  (hit,  hyt)  is  occasionally  omitted, 
without  '  there '  being  put  in  its  place  as  would  now  be  done. 
Ofte  to  her  come  by  a  vysyon  26/15,  ^  came,  there  came. 

Redundancy  of  pronoun. 

The  3rd  personal  pronouns  are  sometimes  brought  in,  even  where 
the  noun  is  present,  especially  when  other  clauses  intervene. 
Thatheuenly  spyce  hit  is  ful  swete  21/519. 


Personal  pronouns  cxxix 

presentid  f»at  f»e  chaunteri  j?at  was  would  to  be  do  ...  hit  is 

withdrawe  now  69/3. 
all  the  ryht  that  the  .  .  .  Couent  had  .  .  .  they  gafe  hyt  to  the 

churche  228/26. 
till  the  arreragis  .  .  .  they  shold  be  fully  I-paid  38/15. 

Reflexive  pronouns. 

The  reflexive  element  is  always  -self  or  -selve.  I  have  noted  no 
occurrence  of  -selves.  There  are  several  inaccuracies  both  as  to 
gender  and  number. 

the  whyche  pece  of  londe  strecchyth  hytself  80/18,  19. 

J?e  bothe  pertis  consentid  for  hem-selfe  167/24. 

v.  acris  .  .  .  butten  hem-self  vpon  the  lond  of  the  abbot  465/24. 

lohn  and  his  heires  bounde  them-self  349/25. 

as  the  markes  haue  them  self  106/13. 

ij.  acris  .  . .  the  whiche  strecch  themself  246/14,  15. 


the  crofte  .  .  .  that  streccith  hymself  beside  the  grete  gardeyn 

242/26,  27. 

ij.  acris  .  .  .  the  which  lye  .  .  .  and  strecchith  hitself  375/5. 
The  simple  third  personal  pronoun  is  found  doing  duty  in  place 
©f  the  reflexive  pronoun. 

The  wytnes  that  be  callyd  yf  they  wythdrawe  hem  to  sey  the 

trowth  47/6,  i.  e.  themselves. 

Hugh  .  .  .  and  all  the  Couente  .  .  .  bounde  theym  and  ther 
successours  183/18,  i.e.  themselves. 

Possessive  pronouns :  third  person. 

The  feminine  singular  shows  a  considerable  variety  of  spelling. 

the  abbas  of  Godstowe  and  here  couent  46/7. 

}>e  seid  Marget  and  hir  heiris  609/1. 

J>e  same  abbas  and  hur  churche  172/21. 

borne  of  a  mayde  without  hyre  hurtying  7/102. 
The  neuter  singular  is,  of  course,  his : — 

the  forsaid  lond  with  all  his  pertynentis  33/17. 

the  hole  maner  of  Wolgarcote  with  all  hys  pertenaunce  31/5. 
The  plural  exhibits  the  same  alternative  forms  as  the  personal 
pronoun. 

$if  J?ei  haue  chose  her  birieng  among  hem  i/io. 


ex  xx  Possessive  pronouns 

they  made  these  her  lettres  patentes  to  them  37/24. 

all  other  eschetis  that  shold  happe  of  the  forsaid  men  or  her 

heires  or  her  assignes  300/8,  vel  heredibus  eorum. 
fei  distroye  hit  be  fer  power  1/16. 
the  forsaid  abbesse  and  Couente  bounde  them  self  and  ther 

goodes  in  fere  maners  86/25. 
their  commune  scale  .  .  .  they  have  put  to  275/25. 

Relative  pronouns. 

Attention  has  been  called  (p.  cii),  to  the  vexing  frequency  with 
which  the  translator  makes  use  of  featureless  relative  pronouns, 
the  which,  which,  that,  and  neglects  the  inflexional,  and  therefore 

accurate.  wJio.  m,       , .  , 

The  which. 

The-which  is  used  for  all  cases,  genders,  and  numbers,  often  with 
great  resulting  obscurity. 

ony  . . .  luge  . . .  the  which  the  . .  .  couente  wolde  chese  38/27, 

quern,  whom, 
to  the  same  abbesse  and  abbessis  the  which  shold  succede  to 

her  133/12,  quae,  who  (plur.). 
The  whych  for  as  much  fat  he  wolde  haue  hit  sure,  he  con- 

fermyd  hit  by  settyng  of  his  seele  143/13. 
euyryche  of  the  wyche  acris  339/13. 
he  and  his  heires  and  they  by  the  whiche  he  was  I-feffed  309/4, 

quibus,  by  whom, 
to  hym  and  to  his  heires  and  to  them  to  the  which  he  wold 

assigne  them  244/30,  quibus,  to  whom. 

Which. 
vnto  f  e  comin  of  j.  Alein  fat  was  her  vicare  .  .  .  whiche  with- 

drowe  .  .  .  f  e  seide  chauntri  69/12,  qui,  who. 
to  his  heires  and  to  his  assignes  to  which  that  euer  he  wolde 

give  it  278/20,  quibus,  to  whom. 
Now  of  the  lady  y  shal  yow  sey,  in  whych  maner  and  in  whych 

wyse  she  lyuyd  26/13. 

That :  as  relative  pronoun. 
That  applies  to  all  genders  and  numbers : — 
in  fe  hows  fat  was  his  summe-tyme  235/20. 
fe  same  pension  fat  fei  wer  wonid  to  take  132/21. 


Relative  pronouns  cxxxi 

also,  that  that  he  decreyd  ...  he  shold  charge  ferm  47/4. 
ij.  hydys  .  .  .  tho  that  they  held  33/6. 

Edyve  .  .  .  that  .  .  .  edified  the  sayd  churche  28/5,  quae,  who. 
they  had  thre  chyldre  to-gedyr  that  much  were  fayre  26/11, 

qui,  who. 
to  all  pepull  at  fat  time  and  j?at  were  to  come  afterward 

65/13- 
and  alle  his  successoures  fat  for  f  e  tyme  helde  f  e  sayde  church 

139/5- 
The  above  are  all  intelligible,  but — 

he  willed  that  ...  his  heires  after  hym,  and  he  that  he  wold 
assigne  or  yeve  hit,  have  and  holde  all  the  forsaid  yerd-lond 

24I/33- 
is  unintelligible  till  the  Latin  has  shown  { that'  to  be  cm, to  whom. 

Who. 

The  translators,  or  one  of  the  translators,  was  not  ignorant  of  the 
inflected  English  who,  of  which  so  little  use  is  made  in  the  text. 
possessive  singular: — to  hym  thorow  whose  londys  45/15. 
hys  wyfe  .  .  .  of  whos  dowry  was  that  forseyd  londe  217/28. 
in  kinge  Stephin's  time,  bi  whos  chartur  630/25. 
possessive  plural : — the  abbotes  ...  by  wos  menys  there  was  a 

freyndely  composition  I-made  228/17. 

to  delyuer  hym  of  the  luys  hondys  in  whos  dettis  at  that 
tyme  he  was  I-bounde  299/23,  de  manibus  ludaeorum, 
quorum  debitis. 

objective : — and  to  his  heires  or  to  whom  he  wold  yeve  .  .  .  hit 

241/22,  et  heredibus  suis  vel  cui  dare  .  .  .  voluerit;  243/26. 

the  abbas  of  Godstowe  and  her  convent  . .  .  ageynst  whom  .  .  . 

Robert  .  .  .  purposyd  hys  entent  47/13. 

The  translator  is,  however,  not  at  his  ease  with  this  pronoun 
and  uses  it  alongside  of,  or  as  alternative  to,  neuter  forms. 

In  whoos  wytnes  he  lete  make  hys  patent  letters  196/21. 
the  ovyn  .  .  .  whos  dore  is  opened  to  the  hye  weye  495/6. 
by  the  consent  of  Syr  Robert  fytz  nigelle,  of  whoos  fee  the 
londe  is  and  the  whyche  is  cheefe  and  heed  of  the  londe 
218/19. 

viij.  acris  of  arable  londe,  halfe  an  acre  of  mede,  and  j.  rode  . . . 
whom  or  whyche  the  fadur  sumtyme  helde  233/19. 


cxxxii  Relative  pronouns 

Whoever:  whosoever. 

into  whoseuer  hande  the  forsaid  mylle  were  to  be  take  84/4. 
londis  and  teneraentis  ...  to  whos  euer  hondes  they  come 
314/20. 

Who-so-euir  wille  come  ageynyste  J?e  .  .  .  gifte,  ...  he  shal 

knowe  J>at  he  is  acursid  322/12. 

his  heires  or  his  successours  who  so  ever  thei  be  126/36. 
to  hys  heyrys  or  to  all  othyr  who-so-euyr  they  be  ...  he 

wyllyth  to  gyfe  hyt  223/11. 
to  ther  successours  or  to  ther  assignes  whosoeuer  they  be 

501/29. 

into  whos-so-euer  handis  they  come  38/8. 
in  whos-so-euer  hondis  they  happen  314/34. 
to  who-soeueris  hondis  ]>ei  come  333/11. 
to  whom-so-euir  he  wille  assine  or  gif  hit  328/3. 
to  whom-so-euer  he  wolde  yeue  .  .  .  hit  496/24. 
to  ...  his  assignes  or  to  who-so-euer  they  were  yeve  269/28. 

Whatsoever. 

to  his  assigneis  whatsoever  thei  be  125/1 ;  279/12. 
for  the  arreragis  therof  whatsoever  it  be  126/24. 
by  there  baillifs  whatsoeuer  }>ey  be  14^/25. 
to  hys  heyrys  or  assynys  what-so-euyr  they  be  2  2  3/2 1 . 
to  everich  and  to  all  whatsoever  they  be  270/10,  cuicunque 
vel  quibuscunque. 

This. 

Nothing  to  note  except  uncertain  spelling, 
this  confirmacion  205/1. 
thys  chartur  219/13. 
these  beyng  witnesse  55/28. 
theyes  wytnes  39/16, 
thise  beyng  witnesse  206/9. 
]?ys  presente  wrytynges  177/12. 

That:  demonstrative:  plural  tho. 
All  J>o  been  acursed  J>at  2/4. 
Alle  fo  }»at  customably  come  2/24. 
Ipo  peynes  ben  ful  scharpe  23/561. 


Relative  pronouns  cxxxiii 

ij.  hydys  of  lond  .  .  .  tho  that  they  held  33/6. 

the  offeryngis  (out-take  tho  that  comyn  in  the  forsaid  fyfe 

days)  94/6. 
the  chief  lordis  of  tho  feis  392/3. 

Gor  Y. 

A  number  of  words  fluctuate  between  the  hard  initial  g  and  its 
softened  form  y. 

Gate  and  yate. 

Gate  occurs  at  least  a  score  of  times  : — 

the  north  gate  of  Oxenford  437/10. 

Wynchestir  .  .  .  the  estgate  669/34. 
Yate  occurs  at  least  twice  as  often : — • 

the  yate  of  the  forseyd  chyrch  28/29. 

the  yate  of  Godestowe  306/26. 

the  north  yate  of  Oxenford  371/7  ;  3  7  9/1. 

the  yate  of  the  castel  388/10. 

the  west  yate  of  Seynt  Poule  663/21. 

the  yates  I-shitte  680/33. 
Gate  and  yate  are  found  in  the  same  deed : — 

the  north  gate  503/3  ;  the  southe  yate  503/10. 

the  west  gate  of  Seynt  Poule  669/3;  [Wynchester]  .  .  .  the 
north  yate  669/10. 

Geld  and  yeld. 
gelde  653/31,  33. 
yelde  318/24;  652/17;  656/10;  665/4. 

Give  and  yeve. 
See  supra,  pp.  cvii,  cviii. 

Against  and  ayainst. 

The  form  with  g  occurs  more  frequently  than  the  form  with  y, 

but  the  latter  is  not  uncommon.     The  spelling  varies  considerably. 

agaynste  140/15;  agaynyst  338/27;  ageiniste66/33;  200/29  ; 

ageniste  333/3;  ageynyst  80/20;  ageynst  506/6;  agen&t 

454/3L 

ayenst  33/18  ;  382/17  ;  ayenste  51/9;  a$ens  i/i ;  a$enst  6/61. 
Both  forms   are  found   in  the   same  deed: — ageynyst  47/15; 
ayeynst  47/16. 


CXXX1V 


Field-names 


Analysis  of  Field-names. 

These  Godstow  deeds  contain  a  great  number  of  early  field- 
names, drawn  from  widely  separate  localities.  These  names,  in  many 
cases,  are  built  up  by  means  of  the  same  elements.  In  the  following 
list  they  are  grouped  according  to  the  alphabetical  sequence  of 
their  apparent  last  factor.  Not  more  than  two  references  are  given 
for  any  one  name,  unless  for  some  special  reason.  Some  other 
local  names,  e.g.  of  mills,  are  inserted  for  completeness'  sake. 

bench,  Eastrop  615/5;    High- 
worth,  625/29. 

borow. 

bradeborowe,  Eastrop  614/12. 
goldsmythes      borow,      Oxford 

465/22. 
grene    berow    (bergh),    Milton 

360/3;  359/15- 
herynge  borow,  Tew  550/20,  21. 
spelburge,  sepellburge,  Bletch- 

ingdon  220/7,  23;  214/15. 
vinych  burgge,  Wycombe  104/5. 


acre. 

bal  acre,  Eastrop  614/34. 
Carter's   acre,  Wytham    56/5; 

57/I5- 
danichis      acre,      Bletchingdon 

221/19. 
diche  acre  397/10;  dyche  acre, 

Oxford  398/5. 

forne  [a]cre,  Evenley  201/13. 
hac  acre,  Oxford  447/x9- 
Prynkes      halfeacre,     Wytham 

58/11. 
Wilmotes  halfeacre,  Bletchington 

221/31. 
hede  acre,  Cassington  272/15; 

*  haued '  in  Latin, 
heued  acre,  Oxford  374/^9*  20. 
hide  acre,  Cassington  246/16; 

254/10. 
krockers     acre,      Kings     Clere 

174/14- 

mers  acre,  Bletchingdon  220/4. 
mylle  acre,  Oxford  379/27. 
myrys  acre,  Bletchingdon  2I4/ 

19. 

nine  acres,  Oxford  374/3- 
seven  acre,  Oxford  369/2. 
souene  acre,  N.  Moreton  40/13. 
ten  acre,  Rissington  i54/J7- 
ten  acres,  Shillingford  546/17- 
thennh  acre,  Oxford  453/3. 
three  acre,  Bissington  154/7. 
trente  acris, Shillingford  53 8/14. 
twenty  acres,  Oxford  365/7. 

battas,  Meysyhampton  151/21. 
wythibedde,  Cassington  255/19. 


brech. 

brech,  Blunsdon  599/7;  600/25; 
Bodington  593/7 ;  Eastrop 
615/13;  Empshot  164/11; 
Kings  Clere  175/8;  Shilling- 
ford  543/27. 

holewey  brech,Cassington  2  7  7/5. 

longe  breche,  Eastrop  614/16; 
Milcomb  354/3- 

malmie  breche,  Eastrop  614/17. 

micclel  breche,  Evenley  201/17. 

storth  breche,  Cowley  321/4. 


churcheman  brygge,  Bletching- 
don 214/12. 

wode  brigge,  wode  [b]rigge,  Tew 
551/2;  555A5;  558/3. 

brobattes,  Cricklade  611/32. 
gorbrode,  Evenley  201/21. 
shouel  brode,  Milcomb  354/10. 
shule  brede,  Tew  550/18. 


Field-names 


ex  xxv 


brook. 

broken,  Tew  554/27. 
hursbroke,  Bodington  593/7. 
karsewelle    broc,    Bletchingdon 

221/22. 

northbroke,  Bodington  589/14. 

ashen  causey,  Rissington  154/6. 
chenosche,  Cassington  254/10. 

dive. 

clyue,  Blunsdon  599/8 ;  600/27. 
heyclyue,  Tew  550/23. 
woweclyve,  Tew  550/22. 

deneche^es-cnolle,  Eastrop  6i4/ 

n. 

combe. 

combe,     la     cumbe,     Blunsdon 

599/13;  600/31. 
elle    combe,    Eastrop    614/20  • 

620/21. 

shoccombe,  Eastrop,  614/14. 
shortescome  Cassington  305/31 ; 

307/25. 
smale  combe,  Tew  550/23. 

framcorde  (frauncorde  in  Latin 
register),  Cassington  289/18. 

cot. 

aywyepurcot,  Kings  Clere  1 7  7/5. 
denpurcut,  Kings  Clere  172/30. 
lambecote,  lambe-cupe,  Cassing- 
ton 309/24;  306/11. 
middelcote,  Bodington  589/7. 

croft. 

barbe-crofte, Cassington  255/25. 
brad  crof te,  bredcroft,  brady  croft, 

Bletchingdon  214/17;    2  2  o/ 

13;  221/27;   225/2. 
caluene  croft,  Fencot  331/14. 
chalcrofte,Wytham52/i7;  60/3. 
chirchecrofte,  Oxford    366/11; 

368/19. 

denys  crofte,  Oxford  366/12. 
est  croft,  Cassington  318/15. 
frere  crofte,  Oxford  366/13. 


gaytes  (geytes)  croft,  Bletching- 
don 222/2;  224/33. 

herbelot  croft,  Westneston  592/ 
14. 

horscrofte,  Kings  Clere  171/29. 

mede  crofte,  Cowley  319/22,  23. 

mylle  crofte,  Wolvercote  576/28; 
579/18. 

new  crofte,  Cassington  254/4. 

preuet  croft,  Kings  Clere  174/29. 

riscroft,  N.  Moreton  40/14. 

strokyngescroft,  Kings  Clere 
171/24. 

taywyeres  croft,  Kings  Clere 
173/2. 

walton  croft,  Oxford  372/15. 

west  croft,  Shillingford  541/13, 

14;  547/29. 

wycroft,  Oxford  458  n.,  459/9. 
wyke  croft,  Oxford  668/31. 

cross. 
hornys   crosse,    Halso,   207/27, 

34- 

stony  crosse,  Hughendon  73/9. 

langedale,  Cassington  277/21. 
staindelfe,  Bletchingdon  214/26. 
groundell,  Shillingford  541/10. 

ditch. 

elde  dich,  Tew  551/13. 

grene  diche,  Dinton  66/6 ; 
Oxford  465/25. 

hawkelowe  dyche  369/6  ;  haws- 
Ion  dich,  Oxford  380/8. 

wodych,  Oxford  373/4;  465/19. 

dole. 

from  dol,  Bletchingdon  220/38. 
midel  dol,  Bletchingdon  220/37. 

down,  dune,  den. 
doune,  Eastrop  620/27;  dune, 

Bletchingdon  214/15. 
Bulenden,  Cowley  320/14. 
grene  downe,  Cassington  306/4. 
innesdon,  Oakley  82/15. 


CXXXV1 


Field-names 


litel     faremannys     done,     Tew 

557/33- 

north  dune,  Milcomb  353/27; 
354/12. 

putlesden,  puthlesden,  Gassing- 
ton  307/14;  284/13. 

reddone,  Eastrop  615/4. 

rowendene,  Highworth  625/10, 

17- 

tewalden,   Bletchingdon   224/2, 

30. 

thoryndon,  Cassington  270/30. 
thystelden,  Oxford  368/22. 
walden,  Bletchingdon,   221/18; 

224  n. 

ei,  eit,  heite. 

heit,   Seacourt    658    n. ;    heyet, 

Seacourt  3  2  2/2  3 ;  3  2  3/ 1 1 ;  see 

hea  heite. 
bishoppis  heyte  (hayte),  Oxford 

396/25;  450/2. 
litell  chaleueye,  Wytham  56/6. 
corne  heyte,  Cassington  304/20 ; 

309/20. 

eilrichs  eit,  Oxford  447  n. 
euertiches  heite,  Oxford  447/8. 
francherdeie,  Cassington  290/6; 

francwordy,  Cassington  3©7/ 

22. 

goshei,  Dinton  66/7. 
hea  heite,  Seacourt  43/10. 
horshey,  Wytham  54/28. 
lambey,Wolvercote  29/1;  381/8; 

655/8. 
lichesey 655/6 ;  licheseyt,  657/4; 

licheseia,  Wolvercote  57  3  n. 
midelei,  Wytham  xxvi,  49/3. 
pekeseye,     pyxey,     Wolvercote 

573/1 1 ;  662/21. 
portmaneit  (hey t),  Oxford  29/5; 

653/22;  657/13. 
rouuenye  319/9  ;  roweneye  277/ 

22  ;     reweneye,     Cassington 

272/14. 
schedday,  Wytham  54/2 7 ;  shorte 

shuddaye,  Wytham  56/7. 


sornheyte,  Cassington  255/3. 
thorney,  Halso  207/12. 
toddenei,  Highworth  624/27. 
wydehey,  Wytham  47/17. 

elmes,  Oxford  465/28. 
kyngeweyesende,        Cassington 

289/20. 

fordh  sotere,  Shillingford  538/2. 
reuenere,  Wytham  49/8. 
sudere,  Bletchingdon  222/4. 
landewe,  Highworth  626/6. 

field. 
blynd  put  feld,  Cassington  277/ 

15- 

est  feld,  Blunsdon  599/15;  6oi/ 
i;  Evenley  201/6;  Meysey- 
hampton  151/20;  Milcomb 
359/13;  N-  Moreton  40/5; 
Tew  557/29 ;  Watereaton 
632/24. 

halde  feld,  Cassington  288/10; 
see  olde. 

north  feld,  Highworth  625/11 ; 
Milcomb  353/10;  Tew  55o/ 

16;  557/27- m 

olde  feld,  Cassington  290/13; 
308/31. 

south  feld,  Blunsdon  599/11; 
Highworth  626/1 ;  Milcomb 
353/9;  Tew 552/10;  557/3°; 
Watereaton  632/28. 

westefeld,  Bletchingdon  221/31; 
Blunsdon  599/7;  Evenley  2OO/ 
20;  Kings  Clere  174/9; 
Meysyhampton  151/19;  Mil- 
comb  353/27;  Milton  359/14; 
N.  Moreton  40/8  ;  Tew  55o/ 
ii ;  557/2Q. 

chypfen,  Bletchingdon  214/22. 
necre  feme,  Evenley  200/25. 
gurefeu,  Highworth  626/9. 

ford. 

bern  hulles  ford,  Tew  551/9; 
557/30. 


Field-names 


cxxxvn 


brade  ford,  Cassington  290/9 ; 
301/23. 

depford,  Wytham  54/25. 

heneforde,  Tew  557/34- 

longeforde,  lonkeforde,  Glouces- 
ter 141/8;  142/31- 

theneldeford,  Milcomb  354/8. 

est  forere,  Shillingford  546/16. 
waterforn,  Highworth  625/12. 
fryth,    Kings    Clere     175/10; 
Woolverton  181/4. 


bacun  forlonge,  Milcomb  353/17* 
batemore  [forlonge :  added  from 

Latin],  Cassington  299/17. 
broclonges  furlonge,  Bletching- 

220/27. 
broke  forlonge,  Cricklade  6n/ 

3i- 
brumel  forlonge,  Eastrop  6i4/ 

3L 

burne    furlonge,    Kings    Clere 

174/11. 
burt     furlonge,      Bletchingdon 

220/19. 
bynde     were    (bere)     furlonge, 

Blunsdon  599/14;  600/32. 
luttle  chalde  forlong,  Highworth 

625/19. 
chalke     forlonge,     Shillingford 

541/17;  546/15- 
cher     furlonge,      Bletchingdon 

220/31. 
churegewei    forlonge,    Eastrop 

614/30. 
clif  furlonge,  Bletchingdon  22O/ 

5;  225  n. 
litil  colde  forlonge,  Eastrop  62O/ 

24. 
cotman   forlonge,   Bletchingdon 

214/18. 
cran    leke    furlonge,   Blunsdon 

599/9 ;     600/28 ;    Cricklade 

611/32. 
crow  forlonge,Cassington  311/20. 


curto  forlonge,  Cassington 

23- 
dodemanes    forlonge,    Blunsdon 

601/1. 

esne  forlonge,  Cassington  277/6. 
heche    furlonge,    Bletchingdon 

214/26. 

hony  forlonge,  Ford  369/5. 
hurth  wel  furlong,  Tew  550/20. 
hut  furlonge,  Bletchingdon  2I4/ 

21. 

longe  furlonge,  Bletchingdon 
221/29;  Blunsdon  599/17; 
601/3;  Cassington  306/9; 
Cowley  319/26;  Cricklade 
611/30;  Halso  204/21;  Tew 
550/19;  557/i6. 

longedenys  forlonge,  Cassington 

277/3- 
mere     furlonge,     Bletchingdon 

220/34;  meris  forlonge,  Shil- 
lingford 539/8. 

myddyl  furlong,  Bletchingdon 
214/21  ;  middil  forlonge, 
Eastrop  614/37;  middel  for- 
long,  N.  Moreton  40/7. 

mille  forlonge,  Milcomb  353/12. 

mochel  forlonge,  Cassington 
286/7;  287/15.  ^ 

more  forlonge,  Cassington  276/ 
22. 

morelake  furlonge,  Cassington 
290/24. 

more    well    forlonge,    Milcomb 

353/25. 

ode  furlonge,  Cassington  276/24. 
pol  forlonge,  Cassington  283/25; 

308/20. 

por forlonge,  Cassington  290/21. 
preste     forlonge,     Shillingford 

537/12,  25. 
pul  furlonge,  Bletchingdon  22O/ 

pur  furlonge,  Evenley  201/9. 
puse  furlong,  Shillingford  54i/ 

27. 
put  furlong,  Cassington  277/8; 


k 


CXXXVlll 


Field-names 


after  '  John  yonge '  add  (from 
the  Latin)  [and  one  half-acre 
lieth  in  Putfurlong  between 
the  land  of  Walter  Morel  and 
the  land  of  Walter  Yong]. 

putles  denes  forlonge,  Gassing- 
ton  289/21. 

reuerdes  forlonge,  Highworth 
626/1. 

ru  furlong  297/18;  Rouffor- 
lunge  298/24;  301/18;  Row- 
forlonge  Cassington  299/9 ; 
301/25. 

sclade  forlonge,.  Eastrop  614/8. 

shal  forlonge,  Shillin-gford  547/ 

25- 
short  forlonge,  Cassington  299/ 

15;  301/27. 
shorte  longe  furlonge,  Tew  55o/ 

*7;  556/24. 

shot  forlonge,  Milcomb  353/14. 
stot  furlonge,  Eastrop  620/23. 
strete      forlonge,      Shillingford 

538/16. 

thun  furlonge,  Halso  204/22. 
vedermor  forlonge,  Watereaton 

632/28. 

verm  furlong,  Tew  556/19. 
vox  lewes  forlonge,  Tew  553/31. 
vt  forlonge,  Milcomb  353/23. 
wayte  burge  forlonge,  Milcomb 

353/3°- 

yorkeles  furlonge,  Blunsdon  59  g/ 
ii ;  ]?orkele  forlonge  600/29. 

gore. 

gare,  Shillingford  536/5 ;  gore, 
Bodington  593/7 ;  Shilling- 
ford  546/14;  Tew  554/24; 
557/2i;  gores,Oxford465/i7. 

helde  gore,  Tew  551/5;  olde 
gore,  Tew  552/io;  558/4- 

grove. 

del  the  grove,  K  ings  Clere  169/29. 
hegyng  grove,  Hughendon  73/5. 


short  grove,  Kings  Clere  1 69/29. 

gutter,  Wycombe  96/31 ;  99/3. 
trippen  hak,  Oxford  372/17. 

ham. 

ackenham,  Dinton  63/4. 
batesham,  Tew  551/12. 
boieham,     Wolvercote     29/12; 

657/4. 

boieham,  Cassington  246/20; 
254/12. 

bolenham,  Cassington  307/14; 
319/12. 

borowham,  Cassington  305/27  ; 
read  wrongly  Boronham  (for 
Borouham)  299/18  ;  Borne- 
ham  298/3  ;  Borengham  30 1/ 

32. 

chuham,  Bletchingdon  214/24; 
cowham,  Bletchingdon  22O/ 

23- 

great  ham,  Wolvercote  657  n. 
hedenham,  Dinton  66/14,  19. 
herthesham,  Wolvercote  576/23; 

579/J 3- 
herynesham,  Wolvercote  29/12 ; 

. 573/8- 
hin    (hyu)    ham,    Bletchingdon 

214/24;  220/26. 
lichesham,  Wolvercote  657/4. 
littleham,  Wolvercote  657  n. 
northeham,     Oxford      369/18; 

373/L 
pedderes  (poderes)  ham,  Wy  tham 

49/15;  664/5. 
secourt  ham,  Wytham  43. 
soppeham,  Crickelade  609/16. 
walham,    waltham,    Gloucester, 

141/10;   142/13. 
wereham,  Wolvercote  573/9. 
wolmers  ham,  Tew  551/3 ;  557/ 

29. 
wydi  hamme,  Highworth  626/ 

10. 
wytherynde     ham,     Rissington 

154/8. 


Field-names 


CXXX1X 


hay. 
haye,  Cassington  296/21  ;  3017 

29. 

bori  hai,  Eastrop  614/27. 
wyde  hey,  Wytham  47/17. 

puke  hege,  Wycombe  118/2. 
rede  hegge,  Cassington  270/28  ; 

287/17. 
longeherde,  Bletchingdon  224/3, 

Si- 

herpe,  Tew  551/6. 
mor  hened,  Watereaton  637/28. 
post   cunehe  heued,  Cbalworth 

606/14. 

hill,  hull 

at  hulle,  Rissington  154/5. 
benehull,  Bletcbingdon    215/1; 

litul  benehull  214/13. 
berhull,  Tew  551/8. 
blynde    welle    hill,    Cassington 

307/32- 
bowen  hull,  Bletchingdon  22O/ 

'5- 

deneknedishull,Eastrop620/26. 
farnehull,    Cassington     252/24 

and  frequently, 
ferthehull,  Cassington  298/5. 
frarrenhull,  in  Latin,  for  farn- 

hull,  Cassington  271/18. 
hagenhull,  Kings  Clere  177/6. 
henhull,  Bletchingdon  220/11. 
holewellehulle,  Tew  550/15. 
kynges  hull,  Missenden  7.8/10. 
larkehull,  Oxford  368/21,  23. 
ophull,  Cowley  321/1. 
pauenhull,    Bletchingdon    2i4/ 

1 1 ;    pounhyll,   Bletchingdon 

220/3. 

pilehulle,  Rissington  154/8. 
sandhull,   Bletchingdon  220/4; 

sondehull,  Bletchingdon  2I4/ 

21. 
sevenhemehull,  Highworth  626/ 

2. 

serenhull,  Bletchingdon  220/15. 
stepe  hyl,  Bletchingdon  215/2. 


swytewel  hulle,  Tew  553/28 : 
see  witewelle. 

tether  hel,  Bladon  309/22. 

tudenhull,  Kings  Clere  1 7 1/30. 

wale  hull,  Eastrop,  620/27. 

wastaneshulle,  Tew  553/30 ; 
wasteynshulle  551/20. 

west  wydy  hill,  Blunsdon  602. 

willardes  fordes  hull,  Bletching- 
don 220/2.0. 

witewelle  hulle,  Tew  551/19. 

worde  hull,  214/17;  worthe- 
hull,  Bletchingdon  224/29. 

wrot  hull,  224/1 ;  wrought  hull, 
Bletchingdon  214  n.,  223  n., 
22411.  

hoge,  Dinton  63/15. 

hold. 

middislade  held,  Tew  552/8  '> 
middislade  hold  552/32; 
myddel  slades  holde  557/23. 

hole. 

foxen  hole,  Bodington  589/13. 
grounde  hole,  Tew  551/4. 

Mt. 

ramis  holte,  Kings  Clere  171/21. 
thorneholte,  Gretwortli  208/28; 
Halso  207/31 ;  208/7. 

hook. 

hoke,  Bodington  589/8. 
balneham  hoke,  Cassington,  29©/ 

12. 

sarnildes  hoke,  Cassington  2%g/ 
16.  

hame  hore,  Westneston  592/15. 
diche  hurne,  Milcomb  353/27. 
wattones      hurne,      Highworth 

625/22. 

croke  hurst,  Bodington  589/15. 
wode     hyde,      Meyseyhampton 

150/16. 
hynch,  Bletchingdon  220/33, 


cxl 


Field-names 


oxwelle  kappe,  Tew  555/18. 
midde  kepyn,  Oxford  372/19. 

lade  :  see  also  slade. 

middellade,  Tew  550/13. 
pese  lade,  Tew  568/25. 
witewelleslede,  Tew  551/17. 

lake. 

halywell    lake,    Tew    568/27  ; 
hole  well  lake,  Tew  554/24  ; 

553/32. 

holelake,  High  worth  626/7. 
merelake,  Cassington  304/20. 
merewelle    lake,    Tew    554/3  ; 

557/22. 

scotislake,  Langton  255/11. 
shotis  lake,  Cassington  309/25. 
stone  lake,  Wytham  56/7. 
walteris  lake,  Rissington  157/3. 

land. 

aylardes  londe,  Oxford  369/14. 
banlond,     Cassington     289/22  ; 

305/23;  Tew,  55%  6. 
berelond,    berland,    Cassington, 

305/21;   284/16. 
beringeres     londe,    Watereaton 

632/25. 
blakelonde,    Highworth    614/5, 

24;  N.  Moreton  40/8. 
blakmunde  lond,  Tew  551/15. 
bordlond,  Maiden  Newton  1277 

20. 

brakelonde,  Highworth  614/5. 
clenelonde,  cleteloude,  Tew  s68/ 

26. 
dodemannesben  lond,  Blunsdon 

599/15- 

elde  londe,  Highworth  625/10. 
flexland,  Meyseyhampton 

22. 
gerbrode  londe,  Highworth 


nether  guldene  londe  614/1  ; 
over  guldene  londe,  Highworth 
613/23. 


gurrelond,  Cassington  308/24  : 
see  Surrelond  Surelond  288/ 

12,  307/10. 

hanginlond,  hangyndelond,  Cas- 
sington 288/11;  308/1 6;  hang- 
indelond,  N.  Moreton  40/5,  6. 

harm  lond,  Oxford  398/20. 

heyfordelond,  Bletchingdon  2 1 4/ 
16. 

in-londe,  Cassington  295/24; 
Highworth,  626/3,  4. 

more  lond,  Cassington,  288/8  ; 
308/29. 

nordlongelond,  Bletchingdon 
214/25. 

northlond,  Cassington  307/28. 

northlongelond,  Cassington  29O/ 
!6>  307/30;  N.  Moreton 
40/9. 

peselonde,  Cassington  276/13; 
277/1. 

redelond,  Wytham  54/25. 

revelond,  Milton  359/13- 

rugfordelonde,Highworth  625/11. 

sarpelond,  serpelond,  Tew  55©/ 
15;  556/22. 

shiplond,  Bodington  589/12. 

strokyngeslonde,  Kings  Clere 
177/8. 

surrelond,  surelond,  Cassington: 
see  gurrelond. 

westlongelond,  N.  Moreton  40/9. 

wodelond,  Bletchingdon  220/25; 
225/6. 

wowelonde,  Eastrop  €14/22  ; 
nether  wowelonde,  Eastrop 
614/23;  wowelonde,  High- 
worth  626/6. 


croyden  lane,  Wycombe  1 1 6/4. 
irelandes  lane,  Wycombe  121/3. 
clistirlonge,  Bletchingdon  225/8. 

ley. 

dedecherle,    Cassington    296/7 ; 
301/26. 


Field-names 


cxli 


edwardisburielis,  Evenley  20 1/ 

19. 

hewle,  Blunsdon  600/31. 
hureleye,  Cassington  301/22. 
northlye,  Kings  Clere  170/7. 
setteles,  Tew  555/x7- 
tr  is  tale,  Chal  worth  606/15. 
withile,  Cassington  255/17. 

lowe. 

collo we,  Bletchingdon  221/20. 
fuleslo,  Cassington  307/18. 
hodelowe,  Oxford  423/19. 
shynelowe,  shriuelowe,  Tew5<>8/ 

26. 
twysdelowe,  Oxford  380/3. 

lynch. 
lynche,      ShilHngford      537/4  5 

538/3. 

grenlinche,  Highworth  625/20. 
stanlynke,  Shillingford  540/21. 
woluethelynge,  Kings  Clere 

174/13.     

sydlyngis,  Oxford  369/8. 
marsh :  see  mersh. 
brekes  me,  Tew  550/16. 

mede. 

bacche  mede,  Fencote  332/10. 
burmede,  Shillingford  548/2. 
dudemede,  Tew  550/23. 
est  mede,  Highworth  624/26  ; 

625/10;  Wycombe  118/3. 
forde  mede,  Watereaton  636/19. 
hey  mede,  Cassington  319/12. 
hide  mede,  Watereaton  636/19. 
hole  mede,  Kings  Clere  1 7  7/6. 
letle  mede,  Shillingford  536/21. 
londe  mede,  Gloucester  141/12. 
north  mede,  N.  Moreton,  40/15  ; 

Wolvercote  576/21  ;  579/11. 
olde  mede,  Cassington  307/16. 
ondermede,  Eastrop  624/26. 
reuemcde,  Bletchingdon  214/25. 
ryemead,  Bletchingdon  2i4n. 


sunder  ined,  Highworth  625/10. 
vp  mede,  Seacourt  323/12. 
west  mede,  Cassington  319/8. 

mere. 
cadborowemere,      Bletchingdon 

220/17. 

fordyngmere,  Tew  551/18. 
kyngysheimere,       Bletchingdon 

220/29. 
kyngysmere,Bletchingdon  215/1. 

mersh. 

litelmerssh,  Shillingford  541/24. 
wytemers,  Bletchingdon  220/10. 

mills. 

bruge  mylle,  Wycombe  89/22. 
burne  mylles,  Wycombe  89/21. 
gyuant  mylles,  Wycombe  89/25. 
pann  mylle,  Wycombe  89/23. 
pynnockys    mul,    Bletchingdon 

221/26. 

robynmylle,  Wycombe  89/24. 
weymis  myll,  Kings  Clere  173/3. 
woche  rnulne,  Watlington 


18. 


more. 


more,  Cassington  312/11;  Faw- 

ler  326/24. 
asseke-more,  Bletchingdon  2 1 4/ 

12. 

battemore,  batemore,  Cassington 
246/17;  301/15;  and  fre- 
quently. 

blac  [blanc]  purne  more,  Bletch- 
ingdon 215/26. 

bradmore,  Oxford  373/io; 
brademore  374/20. 

farendone  more,  Milcomb  354/5. 

hei  more,  Eastrop  615/10;  heye 
more,  Highworth  626/6. 

longe  more,  Eastrop  615/12 ; 
Wytham  45/3. 

sinte  (suite)  more,  Cassington 
307/21. 

somersmore,  Tew  551/10. 


cxlii 


Field-names 


stims3esmore,  Eastrop  615/8. 
Williams     more,    Kings     Clere 
169/29.      - 

Bollesshepene,  Oxford  379/30. 
Boltares  place,  Wytham  51/1  ; 

58/10  ;     Calemondes     place, 

Wytham       50/11;       51/22; 

Carters  place,  Wytham    5o/ 

32;  62/1. 
rnorl      plotte,      Sevenhampton 

628/6. 

wode  pole,  Sevenhampton  628/4. 
punde,  Bodington  589/7. 
rigge,  Highworth  625/16;  west- 

crofte  rugge,  Cricklade  6n/ 

34- 

fordroue,  Bletchingdon  220/24. 
ruenth,  Wytham  680/18. 
brixtam  sedys,  Oxford  439/14. 
brugset,  Oxford  379/27. 

slade  :  see  lade. 
aldredeslade,    Cassington 

16;     307/8; 

283/29. 

middislade,  Tew  550/11. 
swytewelleslade  Tew  553/27. 

por  led  staple,  Tew  551/14. 
losenestede,  Eastrop  614/7. 
sheluyngstole,  sullewyngstole, 

Oxford  515/4;  396/23. 
shrobbes,  Tew  551/17;  553/26. 
sonde,  Bodington   593/6;    Tew 

55i/6;  556/23- 
south-and-north,  Oxford  372/23. 

sprotte,  Tew  5  5  7/3  2- 


halradesclade 


adgarston,  Cowley  321/3. 
harestane,  Cassington  255/21. 
horestone,  Cassington  276/20; 

Oxford  380/8. 
ogaynkeston,  Cowley  320/19. 

stowe. 

elrenestowe,  Tew  568/25. 
occhestowe,  Shillingford  538/21. 


pleystowe,  Tew  552/33. 

strete,  Shillingford  546/19. 

mappeldure-stuble,  Bletching- 
don 214/23  ;  mapeldure- 
stuppe  221/25. 

hellenestubbe,      Kings       Clere 

174/9- 

sty  we  214/10. 
swynysty,  Tew  551/7. 

thorn. 

lowsy  thorn,  Oxford  369/9. 
myle  thorn,  Oxford  465/27. 
sett  el  J>orne,  Highworth  625/30. 
]?icke  ):orne,  Highworth  625/14. 

ton. 

grafton,  Eastrop  614/32,  37. 
lechtun,  Frampton  135/9. 
lynton,      Cassington      290/22; 

306/8;  grete  lynton  308/23; 

lyt ell  lynton  286/25  ;  308/21. 
watton,  Eastrop  615/3. 

nectuke,  Tew  550/15. 
rowndeuer,  Eastrop  614/3,  sper- 

cever,  Tew  551/3. 
cary  walle,  Oxford  366/14. 
loud  watir,  Tew  550/17. 
lude  watir,  Wycombe  121/8. 

way. 

ailmewey,  Bletchingdon  220/18. 
brodewei,       Eastrop       614/4; 

bradeweye,  Milton  360/1. 
le  buri  wei,  Dinton  68/18. 
byr  weye,  Wytham  56/5. 
litel  chalueueye,  Wytham  56/6. 
grenewey,  Shillingford  538/15. 
halywey,  Cassington  277/13. 
holeweye,   Highworth    625/27; 

Tew  557/19- 

hundrewey,  Oxford  372/21. 
hydewey,  Milcomb  353/19. 
portewey,  Cassington    295/27; 

297/22;  299/15; 

Tew 

568/27. 


Field-names 


cxliii 


thoeathamweye,  Oxford  372/29. 
wodeweye,  Tew  568/25. 

well. 
blende  welle,  Cassington  288/15; 

blundewelle  305/32 ;  308/27. 
bude  welle,  High  worth  625/24. 
burwell,  Cassington  295/23. 
dilmereswelle,  Oxford  380/7. 
dud  well,  Seacourt  44/15. 
enedewelle,      Milton      360/26 ; 

endewelle  359/15. 
eylmeres  welle,  Oxford  423/16. 
fox  welle,  Tew  551/2  ;  557/28. 
harewell,  Cricklade  611/30. 
he  well,  Blunsdon  599/13. 
holy  welle,  Tew  556/18. 
korpes  welle,   Highworth   626/ 

ii. 

larke  welle,  Tew  567/18. 
mere  welle,  Tew  554/1. 


pule  welle,  Oxford  369/15. 
rede  welle,  Bodington  589/12. 
renardes  well,  Eastrop  614/29. 
tunnidus  well,  Tew  556/21. 
wolwardes     welle,     Wolvercote 

371/20. 
worme  well,  Hampton  Gay  338/ 

halke    were,    Oxford     372/25; 

halde  were,  447/19. 
quene  wode,  Bloxham  232/1. 
vvewes,   Tew    554/26;    558/2; 

wowes  551/10;    long  wowe, 

Cassington  290/19. 
wyke,  Oxford  653/22. 
long-yardes,  Bletchingdon  2  2  3n., 


Garstons  3ete,  Highworth 

23- 
drac3iirde,  Highworth  625/25. 


ENGLISH  REGISTER  OF  GODSTOW 

(Eawlinson  MS.  B.  408) 
PREFIXED  LITURGICAL  PIECES 

ARTICLES  OP  EXCOMMUNICATION 
(two  first  leaves1  cut  out) 

2  *  In  constituc[ione]  Oct[obonis],  ca[pitul]o  '  q[ww]m 
^  armis.' 

H  Alle  fat  helpeth  f  e  sarejenes  asens  cristen  men,  in  armys  Helping 
or  in  any  ofer  finge.  In  q[ua]d[a]m  ex[tra]uagante  in  agains?3 
cle[mentinis],  qu[a]e  incipit  '  multa  multis.'  Christians. 

4      1F  Alle  men  of  religion  bat  howselith,  or  wedditn,  or    Monastics 

v.*  -,T        ,  i  r>i-  (i)  giving  sacra- 

anelitn  any  man  or  woman,  wetA-out  leve  of1  his  proper    ments,  without  parish 


*  leaf  2. 
of  EX- 


preste;  or  assoyletfi  any  man  a  pena  &  culpa,  with- 
out  special  pn'uelege  of  f  e  pope  ;  or  makitn  or  leditn    tion,  without  pope's 
8  any  man,  be  fayre  wordes,  or  be-hestis,  to  be-hote  or  to 


swere  to  be  biried  among  hem,  from  his  parissli  churct  :    ^ventua^ch^rch  •* 


(iv)  forbidding  pep- 
promise,  if  aftlrwards 


church. 


or  3if  fei  haue  chose  her  birieng1  among1  hem,  for  to 
lette  hem  for  to  change  hit,  fey  be  acwrsecf.     ex£ra 

12  de  pn'uilegt'is  c[apituljo  'Religiosi.'  &  ex^ra  de 
penis  &  re.  ca[pitul]o  ' Cupie^tes  inde.' 

IT  Alle   fat   knoweth   heresy,  wicchecrafte,  encTiauntement,   Conniving 
Nigromancy,  coniurisones  or  any  fals  beleve  ajens  the  feytn  of 

1 6  holichurch,  but  jif  fei  distroye  hit  be  f>e?  power.     And  al  fat   craft- 
ben  ordened  to  enquere  f er-on,  }if  fei  leue  the  sute  f 0rof.    Extfra 
de  aentencia  ex[communicationis]  ' quiGunque*  li[br]o3  5°. 

fl  Alle  lordes  fat  maketh  he?  prestes  to  synge  he?  messe   Great  folks 

20  in    churchis    enterdited,    and    with    bellis    ryngyng1    clepitli 
folke  to  messis;    or  forbeditt  her  subiectcs  fat  ben   acursed 
to  go  out  of  f  e  church,  and  al  fat  beth  done  out  of  church  by      (ii)  en- 
name,    but   }if    fei   gone   out   anon  when   fei   ben    bede    by  followers 

24  f  e    preste    thryes,    &   hold?  hem    out    of   al    churches    vntil  coimuii?" 
fei   be   reconciled?  and   y-come   to   Amendemente,    fei    mowe   cation. 

1  The'present  foliation  allows  for  one  leaf.  3  i.  e.  Sexti  Decretalium  libro  v.  tit.  xi, 

2  Clarendon  type  represents  the  rubrics       cap.  n. 
of  the  original. 


priests  to 


Comminution  Service 

Persons  ex-  not  be  a£soylecT  o(>  her  rebelte  but  of  f  e  pope  alone.  Exlra  de 
sentence  ex[communicationis]  *  cafpitulo]  '  Grauis  '  in 
ole[mentinis]. 

Sick  people       If  Alle  f  o  been  A-cursed  fat  in  parelle  of  dethe  befh  assoyled  4 
^solution     °^  kjm  1^  katfc  no  Powe^  be  VQ  lawe»  an(l  haue  y-hote  to  seche 
fromunli-     absolucon  of  hym  bat  hath  power\  *if  bei  do  hit  not  anon  as 

censed  per-  r  .  _    .       *  . 

sons,andre-  sone  as  pei  may,  pel  ialle  ajen  in  fe  cursyng1  pat  pei  were  in 
fromHcens-  Before  &  worse  for  her  vnbuxumnesse.      Q~x.tr  a  de  sententia  8 
ed  persons.    ex[communicatioms]  '  eos  qui  J  li[br]o  5°. 
Paramours        U  Al  J:o  fat  by  name  be  acursed  for  lechery,  men  or  women, 
j^hcom-rS1St  kut  31^  J>ei  departe  company  anon,  and  al  j?at  comenytli  with 
panying       bem  J?at  be  acursed1,  in  etynge  or  in  drynkyng1,  helpyng*  or  12 
other.  receyvyng1  or  faueryng1,  but  onlicli  in  hope  to  brynge  hem  in-to 


ance  them.  ^  Alle  f  o  fat  lettit^,  by  worde  or  be  dede,  partyes  fat  ben 

wiwSnder  wrothe,  or  iii  stryvyng1,  or  in  pletyng1,  to  be  made  at  cone,  ben  16 

settlement  acwrse  $  and  mow  not  be  assoyled  tille  fey  haue  restorid  fat  yat 

of  feuds  or 

law-pleas,  was  wronge  and  so  mocn  more  to  pore  men.     In  constitucione 

oct[obonis]  ca[pitul]o  *  Cum  propter.' 

Secular  IT  Alle  secular  lordes  and  bayles  fat  lettith  the  ordinaryes  of>  20 

hindering  holichurct  to  dispose  the  goodis  of  men  dyingo  wetA-out  testa- 

church  mentes  in  paving1  of  he?  dettis  or  in  almes  aevyng1  for  her  sowles. 

officers  in 

intestacy.  In  constitucione  Strafford1  ca[pituljo  '  Accidit.' 

People  who  U  Alle  fo  fat  customably  come  to  lyches  and  occupy  hem  24 

wakes'*  wit/t  vanytees  and  rybawdry,  whe?  f  ei  shuld  pray  for  fe  sowle. 

instead  of  Many  of  er  poyntes  f  er  be  sette  in  f  e  lawe  of  holichureli,  for 

deceased's  f  e  wiche  he  fat  vsetti  hem  customablich,  and  wil  net  amend" 

Man  oth  r  ^^m  fer"°^  ^s  acursed1  and  putte  out  of  comenyng1  of  cristen  28 

offences  ;  men.     Of  f  e  wiche  oofi  is  f  is  :  he  fat  custom  ablicli  swerith  by 
lpQ  ^ere  °^  criste,  *  or  by  his  hede,  or  any  olfer  mvmer  .vsith 


*  leaf  2,       blasphemyng1  ajens  god  or  his  seyntis,  3'if  he  is  in  order  of 

holichureli,  he  shal  be  deposid1  ferfor;  And  ^if  he  be  A  lewde  32 
man   he   shal   be   acursed1  f  erf  or,    as  hit   is    seyd1  in  Canon. 
[causa].     22.  q[uest.]  1.    Siquis  per  capilluw  del  uel  per 
caput  iuraumt   uel   amodo  blasphemia   vsus  fumt,    si 
in  eecfosiastico  ordine  est  :    deponatur.     Si  laycus  es<  :  36 
Anathemati^etur. 

1  eos  qui  Z*[6r]o  5°  followed  :   struck  out,  because  belonging  to  next  section.     It  is 
cap.  22  of  lib.  v.  tit.  xi. 


Commination  Service 

11  Also  al  raaner  of  haserdow?£s  and  comyn  dyes  players,  3if  pei 
at  warenyng1  of  holichurch  sease  not  ther-of,  pei  shulle  be  acursed1,  ' 

as  lawe  of  holichurch  seyth.   d[istinctione]  jij.  ca[pitu?]o  .  .  . : 
4  3if  a  bisshop  or  a  preste  vse  such  haserdyng1  or  dyseplayng1,  but 
31?  he  leue  hit,  certenly  he  is  dampned1:    3if  a   deken)  or  a 
subdeken  or  any  clerke  vse  hit,  he  shal  be  put  out  of  comenyng^f 
cristen  men:   Also  31^  he  be  a  lay  man,  he  shal  be  a-cursedl 
8  II  Also  in  pe  ciuile  hit  is  wrytten.     Codice  de  episcopis  &  ^civil^11 
clmcis.  »Auctentiea.     We  interdi3ten  al  bysshopes,  prestis,  lawpro- 
deken^s,  subdekenes,  and  al  men   of  religion  what-soeuer  pei  clerics, 
be,   pat  vsen   haserdyng1  or  dyseplayng1,   or  ellis   maken  hem 

12  parteneres  or  ellis  come  to  be-holden  such  man«r  men  playng1. 
11  Siquis  autem  ex  hljs  in  hoc  deliquerit,  iubemws  hirnc 
tribus  annis  venerabili  misterio  prohiberi  &  in  mona- 
sterio  redigi.  Sed  si  medio  tempore  se  penitentem 

1 6  ostenderit :  liceat  sacerdoti  sub  quo  cowstitutus  est 
muneB. . .  t9  . . .  Et  hunc  rmrsus  proprio  misterio  redde?*e. 

tjii. 

IT  Excowwimicacio. 
By  f>e  auctorite  of  oure  lorde  god  almy3ti,  and  our  lady  seynt  Formula 

20  mary,  and  al  )?e  seyntes  in  heuen,  of  angelis  and  arclumngeles,   muniSScn 
patriarkes  and  prophetis,  apostolis  and  euawngelistis,  Marteres,   °£. these 
confessoris  and  virgynes,  and  also  by  J>e  power  of  holichurcli   andoftlieir 
J>at  ou?e  lorde  Ih^su  c/iriste  3aue  to  seynt  Petur  and  to  al  his  a  e  ors> 

24  successoris, 

We  denownce  al  J?o  openly  acurseoT  J>at  we  haue  f>us  rekened1 
to  3ow ;  and  al  £>o  J»at  maynten  hem  in  her  synnes,  or  3eve  ]?em 
any  helpe  ferto  or  cou^seH.  So  f»at  J>ei  be  departed?  fro  god 

28  an[d]  al  holy  church,  and  fat  fei  haue  no  parte  of  fe  passion 
of  criste  ne  no  parte  of  prayer^s  amonge  cristen  folke,  but  pat 
j)ei  ben  acursed  of  god  and  of  al  holichurch,  fro  f»e  sole  of  her 
[fote]  to  Ipe  crowne  of  her  hede,  slepyng1  and  wakyng1,  sytting1 

32  or  stondyng1,  And  in  al  her  workes  workyng1  and  in  al  her 
wordes  spekynge.  And  but  3if  J?ei  haue  grace  of  god  for  to 
amende  hem  here  by  her  lyfe,  for  to  dwelle  in  J>e  payne  of  helle 
for  euer  wit/i-out  ende.  And  ri3t  as  pis  Candefte  is  qwenched"  exempijfie(i 

36  and  departed1  fro  h^t :    so  f>ei  for  to  be  departed  fro  god  pat  i>y  putting 
is  lijt  of  pis  worlde  for  euer  and  to  dwelle  in  helle  aft  way   caudle, 
in  derkenesse  witAout  ende.     Fiat  Fiat.     Amen, 

B  2 


DEVOTIONAL  PIECES 


*  leaf  3. 


[Invocation  to  the  Cross.] 
*  Here  begynneth  f  e  .  A  .  B  .  C  .  of  deuocion 


Help  us, 
O  cross, 


always  to 
reverence 

theej 


to  please 
God  in  our 
life; 


and  to 
attain  to 
glory. 


»J«  of  ihesu  criste  be  euer  oure  spede,  i 

And  kepe  vs  from  perel  of  synnes  and  payne. 
Blessid  be  fat  lorde  fat  on  f  e  crosse  dide  blede, 
Crist1,  god  and  man,  fat  for  vs  was  slayne  : 
Dede  he  was  and  rose  vp  agayne.  5 

Euer  helpe  us,  crosse  !  witli  hym  to  a-ryse 
Fro  deeth  to  lyue,  and  synne  to  dispise.  7 

(2) 
Gracyous  crosse  !  now  grawiit  us  fat  grace  8 

Hym  for  to  worship  with  al  oure  mynde, 
In  wordes,  in  werkes,  and  in  euery  place 

Knelyng1  and  kyssyng*  f  e,  where  we  f  e  fynde. 
Late  us  be  neuer  to  hym  vnkynde  12 

Mercyfully  fat  made  vs  to  be  men 
Nomore  to  kepe  but  his  heestis  ten.  14 

(3) 
O  blissful  crosse  !  teche  us  al  vertu  15 

Plesyng-  to  god  for  oure  saluacion, 
Quenchyng1  alle  vices  in  f  e  name  of  ihesu 
Raunson  payng»  for  oure  dampnacion. 
Sende  us  suche  grace  of  conuersacion  19 

That  we  may  stye  and  glorified  be 
"Where  crist  is  kyng-  fat  dyed  on  tre.  21 


O  Christ, 


do  us  good, 


by  the 
'  title '  on 
thy  cross. 


Crist,  fat  dyed  on  fe  holy  roode  ! 

I  pray  f  e,  good  lorde  !  with  al  my  myght, 
Sende  us  suwme  part  of  al  thy  goode, 

And  kepe  us  from  yuel  euer  day  and  nyght, 
Contynuyng1  fi  mercy  sauyng>  al  ryght. 
Titulle  of  f  i  passion  Poynt1  us  saue 
As  to  thy  >{«  reuerence  we  may  haue. 


26 


28 


[Metrical  versions  of  some  General  Acts  of  Devotion.] 


Devotional  Pieces:  Pater  noster 


33 


35 


(5) 
In  nomine  paZris  &  fllij  et  Bpiritus  sancti.     Amen. 

In  the  name  of  J>e  blessid  trinyte, 

The  fader,  pe  sone,  and  pe  holi  goost1, 
I  make  f>is  >J«  to  defende  me 

Fro  myne  enemyes  and  per  boost1. 
Blesse  me,  lorde  ihesu,  J?at  I  be  not  lost1, 

Thorgh  vertu  and  grace  of  f>is  »J«  holy  syne, 
Where-on  pow  suiFred  Ipi  passyon  pyne. 

(6) 


General 
Prayers. 
Prayer,  at 
rising, 
making  the 
sign  of  the 
Cross, 


and  crossing 
yourself. 


The  Lord's 
Prayer, 


clause  by 
clause. 


*  Pater  noster,  qui  es  in  celis,  sanctiflcet?^r  nomen  tuum.  *  leaf  3, 

back. 
36     Oure  fader  in  heuen  halowed  be  Ipi  name, 

As  Ihesus  pi  sone  taw$t  us  to  say: 
Kepe  us  pi  children  from  synne  and  blame, 

That  we  ben  saued  at  oure  laste  day. 
40         Thi  name  in  us  halowed  be  may 

Iff  we  make  clene  oure  tempil  wit^-ynne. 
43  Now  kepe  us,  fader!    fro  deedly  synne. 

(7) 
Adueniat  regnum  tuum. 

43     Fader  !   pi  kyngdom  late  come  to  us, 

That  we  may  come  and  dwelle  with  the : 
Thy  sonne,  oure  broker  and  oure  lorde,  ihesus, 

Bought  us  f>at  kyngdome  on  pe  rode  tre. 
47         Now,  for  his  loue  }?at   dyed  for  me 

And  hath  oure  flessh  J?ere  in  his  region, 

49  Lete  me  come  aftur  with  true  confession. 

(8) 
Fiat?  uoluntas  tua,  sicut1  in  celo,  &  in  terra. 

50  Fader !    pi  wille  late  euer  be  done, 

With  us  in  erthe,  as  it  is  in  heuen: 
And  as  ofte  as  we  make  any  trangression, 

The  werkes  of  mercy  late  helpe  us  seuen  [The  seven 

54         In  oure  a-countes  f>at  we  stande  euen,  mercy]°f 

So  f>at  pi  wil  fulfilled  may  be 
56  With  feyth  and  hope  and  trew  charite. 


General 
Prayers. 


[The  Evil 
One  is  a 
fisherman 
with  baited 
hooks, 


and  with 
nets.] 


*  leaf  4. 


[We  are 
fighting 
n  battle, 
and  in 
danger  of 
being  made 
captives.] 


Devotional  Pieces:  Pater  notter 

(9) 

Panem  nostrum  cotidianum  da  nobis  hodie. 
Geue  us  fis  day  oure  euery  dayes  brede,  57 

Oure  bodily  sustynaunce  and  gostely  also, 
That1  whefer  we  be  a-lyue  or  dede 
Oure  gostely  fode  with  us  may  go 
To  make  us  stronge  a-jenst1  oure  fo,  61 

Euer  vpon  us  fat  lythe  in  a-wayte 
To  take  f i  children  with  hokes  and  bayte.  63 

(10) 
Bt1  dimitte  nobis  debita  nostra,  sicut  &  nos  di  mittiirms 

debitorib^s  nostris. 
And  also,  fader  I   forjeue  oure  dettes,  64 

To  al  oure  dettours  as  we  forgeue; 
And  when  oure  enemye  wil  caste  his  nettes 
To  cacche  fi  children,  jeue  hym  no  leuc. 
Suffre  us  neuer  f  e  for  to  greue,  68 

Fo^euyng1  al  fat?  ys  done  before; 
And  grawnt?  us  grace  to  greue  f  e  nomore.  70 

7i 

75 
77 

78 
82 


*  Et>  ne  nos  inducas  in  temptacionem. 

And  lede  us  not,  fader  !    in-to  temptacion, 

Ne  suffre  us  neuer  to  falle  fer-ynne. 
The  fende  bryngetti  us  fals  delectacion; 
Our  flessn  is  redy  euer  to  synne; 
The  worlde  is  besy  us  for  to  blynne. 

When  fer  temptaciones  meuetli  ou?  entent, 
Suffer  us  neuer  to  graunt  nor  consent. 

(12) 
Sed  libera  nos  a  rnalo. 

But,  fader !  delyuer  us  from  al  ylle 

ThorgTi  J>ese  peticiouns  fat  ihesus  vs  taught, 
And  suffre  oure  sowles  neuer  to  spylle 

For  whom  fi  sone  so  manly  hatfi  faught. 
And  in  oure  batayle  jif-  we  be  caught 

Raunsom  us,  fader !  with  mercy  and  grace, 
And  bryng1  us  al  to  fi  blisful  place.     Amen. 


Devotional   Pieces:   Creed 


(15) 

99  I  beleue  on  ihesn  c/wist,  Ipe  secound1  persone, 

The  sone  of  god,  )?e  holygost1  worchyng1, 
Was  man  conceyued,  a-boue  al  resone ; 

And  borne  of  a  mayde  wttA-out  hyre  hurtyng1. 
103        But  he  was  hurte,  with  myche  payne  suffryng1: 
Crucified,  deed,  and  leyde  on  his  graue, 

105  Descendyng*  to  helle  his  serucmntes  to  saue. 

(16) 

106  *  The  f>ridde  [day]  aftur  f>o  he  a-roos, 

And  to  his  discipullis  ofte  he  dide  apere. 
He  stied  to  heuen  with  his  body  cloos, 

Sendyng1  his  holygost1  f>em  for  to  chere : 
1 10        And  atte  domes-day  he  wil  come  nere 

To  deme  Ipe  worlde,  al  qwykke  and  dede, 
112  Aftir  f>e  lyfe  as  J?ei  dide  here  lede. 


Prayers. 


The  argelic 
Salutation : 
Hail, Mary! 
which  is 
our  solace. 


(13) 

Aue,  maria,  gracia    plena ;    dominus   tecuw :   b^n^dicta  General 
tu  in  mulieribits,  &  cetera. 

8;     Hayle  maiy,  virgyn  so  ful  of  grace  ! 

Oure  lorde  almyghty  is  fully  with  Ipe. 
This  salutacion  is  oure  solace. 

A-boue  al  women  blessid  mot1  ]?ow  be, 
89       And  blessid  be  f>e  frute  of  fi  wombe  so  fre. 
Ihesus,  oure  lorde  god  is  sone  and  J>yne, 

91  Pray  hym  for  us,  blessid  lady  myne. 

(14) 
Credo  in  deum  patrem,  &  cetera. 

92  I  beleue  on  god  in  persones  J?re, 

The  fader,  and  sone,  and  holigost1, 
Maker  of  hetien,  with  angels  degre. 

And  erthely  Binges,  both  leste  and  most1. 
96        All  J>is  he  made  wifh-oute  any  cost1: 

His  worde  was  seyd,  and  al  was  done. 
98  And  lyke  myghty  is  euery  persone. 


The  Creed; 

I  believe, 
in  the  Holy 
Trinity ; 
in  the 
Father, 
Maker  of 
all  things. 


I  believe  in 
the  Son, 
incarnate, 


and 
crucified, 


*  leaf  4, 
back. 

and  risen 
again, 
and 

ascended, 
and  coming 
in  judge- 
ment. 


General 
Prayers. 

I  believe 
in  Holy 
Church, 
and  the 
Seven 
Sacra- 
ments. 


Devotional  Pieces :   Greed 
(17) 

I  bileue  also  in  al  holichurch,  113 

With  fe  seuen  sacramentis  after  fe  feitti. 
Crist'  grawnt1  us  grace  truly  to  worcTi, 
With  true  bileue  as  holichurch  seifh. 
The  cow?mmion  of  seyntis  now  for  vs  preith,  117 

In  whom  I  beleue,  as  holichurcli  techith, 
And  as  fe  clergy  to  fe  pepul  prechith.  119 


I  believe  in 
forgiveness 
of  sins, 
with  con- 
fession and 
penitence. 


(18) 

I  bileue  more-ouer,  in  fulle  remyssyon  120 

Of  al  oure  synnes,  in  worke  or  fought, 
With  shrifte  of  mowth  and  herte  contricyon, 
Thorgli  crist1  is  mercy,  fat  us  hath  bought. 
Than,  synful  man!  dispayre  fe  nought }  124 

For  jif  fi  sy nnes  be  many  and  grete, 
Aske  m^rcy,  and  amende,  and  god  wil  forgete.    126 


I  believe 
in  the  Re- 
surrection. 


(19) 

I  bileue  at  f  e  laste  in  f  e  resurreccyon, 
"When  al  oure  bodies  shal  rise  aijeyne. 
Then  cristes  passion  be  oure  proteccyon, 
When  he  shal  see  al  oure  lyif  pleyne. 
God  saue  us  from  euerlastyng1  peyne, 
Helpyng1  oure  lyfe  her  to  amende ; 
And  graunt1  us  fe  life  f>at  neuer  ende. 


127 


i33 


General 
confession 
of  sins. 


Through 
my  frailty 


(20) 
Conflteor  deo,  &  cetera. 

I  knowlech  to  god,  wiih  veray  contricon,  134 

Vn-to  seynt  mary,  and  his  seyntis  alle, 
pat,  f>orgh  my  frealte  and  wrecchid  condicton, 
In-to  many  synnes  ofte  haue  I  falle. 
But  aftir  mercy  now  wille  I  calle,  138 

With  true  confession,  repentaunce, 
(God  graunt  me  space),  and  due  penaunce.  140 


Devotional  Pieces:  Confession  of  sins 

(21) 

141    *  First :  I  knowlech  J>at  I  haue  broken 

His  x.  coramaundementis  in  many  a  place, 
In  werke,  in  worde,  in  Bought,  in  token; 

And  ofte  be  vnkynd  vn-to  his  grace ; 
145        Sweryng1  by  his  body,  or  by  his  face, 

Taken  in  ydul  his  blessid  holy  name : 
147  "Wherfore  y  knowlech  me  gretely  to  blame. 


9 


General 
Prayers. 

*  leaf  5. 

I  have 
broken 
the  Ten 
Command- 
ments : 
using  pro- 
fane oaths ; 


(22) 

148    I  haue  not1  loued  hym  and  dred  as  I  shuld, 

Neither  serued  hym  in  kepyng  myne  holyday; 
But  rather  to  playes  and  Tapes  y  wolde, 

Then  to  serue  god,  rede,  syng1,  or  pray. 
152       Al  }>e  circumstaunce  y  can  not  say, 
So  synful  y  am  and  so  vnstable, 
154  For  my  defautes  ben  innumerable. 


playing 
on  Holy 
Days,  in- 
stead of 
worship- 
ping; 


(23) 

155    My  fader  and  moder  I  haue  not  obeyed, 

As  y  shuld  haue  done,  wiih  helpe  or  mekenesse. 
The  balance  of  vertues  I  haue  mysweyecT, 

With  sleyng1  of  tonge,  or  with  wilfulnesse, 
159        With  lechory,  or  with   J?efte,  or  fals  witnesse, 

Couetyng1  wykkydly  man  or  mannes  wyfe 
161  And  oper  gode  jmt  longed  to  j?er  lyfe. 


not  doing 
my  duty 
to  men. 


(24) 

162    The  seuen  dedely  synnes  I  can  not  excuse: 

For  I  am  gylty,  in  many  mane?  wyse, 
With  delectacyon,  consente,  and  vse; 

Al  now  to  reherce  I  may  not  suffyse; 
1 66        In  Pryde,  Envye,  wrath,  Lechory,  &  couetyse, 

Sleuth,  and  Glotony,  witfi  al  f>er  spices. 
1 68  Ala?!  al  my  life  is  ful  of  vices. 


I  have  been 
guilty  of 
the  Seven 
Deadly 
Sins. 


10 

General 
Prayers. 

I  have 
misused 
my  Five 


Devotional  Pieces:    Confession  of  sins 

(25) 

And  my  fyue  wyttes  I  haue  ofte  myspencT; 

To  many  vanytes  castyng-  my  syght?, 
And  with  my  heeryng1  ful  ofte  y  offend1; 

My  smellyng1,  my  tastyng1,  I  spend  not  ryghfc; 
My  handes  to  synne  haue  ben  ful  light. 
Thus  haue  I  gouerned  my  wittes  fyve, 
And  in  synne  mispended  al  my  lyve. 


*  leaf  5, 
back. 
I  have 
omitted  the 
Works  of 
Mercy ; 


(26) 

*  The  werkes  of  mercy  I  haue  not  fulfilled",  176 

Aftir  my  power,  as  ofte  as  I  myghfr. 
To  helpe  fe  pore  I  was  not  beste  willed1, 

With  mete  and  drynke  and  closing1  fern  dyght1, 
geuyng1  no  herborogn  a-dayes  or  nyght,  180 

Helpyng1  no  prisoners,  ne  vysyting1  fe  seeke ; 
To  bery  fe  dede  I  was  not  meke.  182 


and  the 

Spiritual 

Works. 


(27) 

The  gostely  werkes  y  haue  lefte  also,  183 

To  couwcel  and  teche  fern  fat  were  lewde, 
Geuyng1  no  comfort1  in  socour  and  wo, 
Neyther  to  chaste  such  as  were  shrewde, 
And  so  fer  harmes  not  sore  me  rawed1,  187 

Neyther  for^euyng7  with  true  pacience 
Or  prayed  for  fern  fat  dide  me  offence,  189 


I  have 
contemned 
the  Seven 
Sacra- 
ments. 


(28) 

I  haue  not  reuerensed  fe  seuen  sacramentes  190 

pat  ben  ordenyd  for  my  saluacion, 
But  of  *  sore  synned  fat1  me  repentes. 
Aftir  my  baptym2  and  confirmacion, 
My  orders  or  wedlok  standith  in  accusacion.  194 

God  grauni?  me  penawnce,  and  holy  brede, 
And  holy  anoyntyng1,  or  I  be  dede.  196 


Of  is  elsewhere  used  for  oft. 


Sic. 


Devotional  Pieces:  Prayers 


11 


(29) 

197    At  Jns  I  knowlecn  in  general, 

Of  synnes  doyng1,  and  leuyng1  good1  werkes. 
3if  I  shulde  nombre  J>e  branches  especial, 

I  shulde  occupy  to  wryte  per-of  many  clerkes. 
201         With  synful  lyfe  my  sowle  derkes 

That  I  can  not  see  and  lasse  my  defautes, 

203  And  euer  my  enemyes  maketh  many  sautes. 

(30) 

204  Now  light  me,  holygost!  with  f>i  presence; 

And  3eue  grace  my  lyfe  to  amende, 
With  drede,  and  pyte,  and  trew  science, 

With  gostely  strength  to  make  a  good  ende. 
208        Thy  gracyous  councel  to  me  now  sende, 

With  sucn  vnderstondyng1,  and  clere  wisdome, 
210  That1  y  may  come  to  f>i  kyngdome. 


General 
Prayers, 
lam  a 
miserable 


may  the 
Holy  Ghost 
grant  me 
amend- 
ment of 
life. 


(31) 
*  Precor  sanctam  mariam,  omnes  sanctos,  et  cetera. 

2ii    I  pray  f>e,  lady!  f>e  mode?  of  crist1, 

Praieth  joure  gone  me  for  to  spare, 
With  al  angels,  and  lohn  Baptist?, 

And  al  joure  company  J?at  now  ys  thare. 
215        Al  holichurcfi,  for  my  welfare, 

Graunt?  me  of  joure  merites  a  participacion, 
217  And  praieth  oure  lorde  for  my  saluacyon. 


*  leaf  6. 

Therefore  I 
invoke  the 
Saints, 


and  desire 
the  merits 
of  the 
Church. 


(32) 
Misereatur  mei  omnipotens  deus,  &  cetera. 

218    Now,  god  almyghty !  haue  mercy  on  me, 
For  maryes  prayers  and  al  J?i  sayntes. 
To  whom,  wepyng1  and  knelyng1  on  kne, 

Thus  now  1  make  my  complayntes. 
222        For  sorow  and  shame  my  hert  ful  fayntes; 

Wherfor  of  al  my  synnes  mercy  I  cry, 
224  And  pray  the  to  bryng1  to  heuen  an  hy. 


Prayer 
for  God's 
mercy. 


12 

General 
Prayers. 


Last  thing 
at  night  • 
commenda- 
tion to  God. 

[take= 
give.] 


Grace 
before  and 
after  meat. 


Prayer  for 
'benefactors. 


*  leaf  8, 
back. 
Prayer  for 
the  dead. 


Devotional  Pieces:   Prayers 

(33) 

In  mamis  tuas,  &  cetera. 
In-to  J>i  handes,  lorde  !  I  take  my  soule, 

Whom  J3ou  boughtist1  with  Ipi  bittur  passion. 
Assoyle  me,  for  seynt  petur  and  poule, 
And  al  f>i  seyntis  supplicacion ; 
And,  by  J>e  vertu  of  f>is  confession, 
Saue  me  fro  payne  and  fro  f>e  fende, 
And  bring1  me  to  blis  J?at  hath  none  ende. 

(34) 

Pro  graciis  Agendis. 
Afore  mete,  and  aftir,  gracias  say  we, 

Thankyng  J>e,  lorde !  of  al  f>i  grete  grace ; 
And  for  al  f>i  jiftes  blessid  mote  J>ou  be, 
Of  mete,  of  drynke,  and  of>er  solace : 
At  al  due  tymes,  and  in  euery  place, 
Thyne  almes  is  redy  to  riche  and  pore: 
Euer  blessid  J>ou  be,  good  lorde!  f>erfore. 

(35) 

Betribuere  dignare.  &  cetera. 
Lorde,  Jmt  jeuest  us  many  Binges, 
Kewarde  to  al  oure  benefactours, 
To  al  oure  frendes,  and  wel  wyllynges, 
Thy  reste  of  heuen,  after  J>er  labours. 
Grauwt  us  al  J>yne  helpe  and  socours, 
As  ofte  as  we  pray  fi  mercy  and  grace, 
While  f>at  we  lyue  in  f>is  short?  space. 

(36) 

*  Anime  omnium  fidelium  defunctorum,  et  cetera. 
And  al  j?e  soules  now  paste  byfore, 

Abydyng1  f>i  mercy  in  payneful  place, 
Suffre  Ipem,  lorde!   be  payned  nomore; 
But  send  f>em  soon  j?i  fauour  and  grace, 
That1  }>ei  may  come  before  Ipi  face, 
And  sey  gracias  ]?ere  byfore  j?e. 
Amen,  lorde !  amen !  so  mote  hit  be ! 

Explicit. 

[Kalendar :  (i)  lunar,  (ii)  dominical,  (iii)  Roman, 
(iv)  church.] 


225 


229 


231 


232 


236 


238 


239 


243 


245 


246 


250 


252 


Kalendar 
*  lanuarius. 


13 

*  leaf  7. 
January. 


iij   A 

KL 

b 

iiij     Ns 

xi   c 

iij    N 

d 

ij     N9 

xix  e 

Nonas 

viij   f 

g 

>• 

xvj   A 

vjl 

v  b 

vf 

c 

iiij) 

xiij   d 

iij)   C 

ij   e 

ij   Id3 

f 

Idus 

x   g 

xix  Kl9 

A 

xviij   b 

xviij|Kla 
xvij) 

vij   c 
d 

XVJrEl3 

xv) 

xv  e 

xiiij  |Kj8 

iiij   f 

xiij) 

g 

xij    Kl* 

xij   A 

xj 

j    b 

X[KIB 

c 

ix 

ix  d 

viij\ 

e 

VijKl9 

xvij    f 

vj 

vj    g 

vJ 

A 

iiij) 

xiiij   b 

iij^Kls 

iij     c 

ijJ 

1.  Clrcumcislc  Do- 
mini. 


6.  Epiphanla  Do- 


(1) 

O  Ihesu  lorde!  for  )?i  Circumsicyon,  253 

In  f>e  begynnyng1  as  of  f>e  new  jere, 
Kepe  me  euer  from  al  confusyon. 
When  fat  I  shal  stonde  at?  myne  answere, 
Lorde  graunt  me  grace  wel  for  to  apere ;  357 

And  for  f  i  worshipful  Epyphanye, 
Graunt  fou  me  good  lyfe,  and  wel  for  to  dye.  259 

(2) 
Now  pray  for  me,  blessid  Seynt  lucyan,  260  8.  mcianu*.  Presb. 

That  I  myght  be  hadde  forth  vnto  joure  daunce, 
There  god  reulith  both  angel  and  man 
In  right  true  loue  with-outen  variaunce. 
giffe  me  some  comfort  as  of  acqueyntaunce, 
Confessour  and  bisshop  Seynt  biliary, 
With  good?  Seynt  felice  f>at  ioyeth  J?e  by. 

(3) 

0  sacred  abbot  Maure !  kepe  me  from  vyce, 
With  help  of  fe,  pope  and  martir,  Marcel. 

1  pray  J>e  teche  me,  blessid  Seynt  sulpice, 
With  fiat  holy  virgyn  Prisce,  syng1  nowel. 
0  bysshop  wlstan,  jif  me  good  councel, 

And  f>ese  martirs  Fabian  and  Sebastian, 
With  Ipe  virgyn  Agnes  fat  wel  help  can. 

(4) 
Sette  my  pacience,  halowed  vincent, 

That  hit  may  grow  with  ynne  my  inwarde  saule. 
Conuert1  fou  us  from  al  euel  entent, 
Glorious  conuersion  of  seynt  Paule, 
That  we  escape  Ipe  wikked  fendes  braule. 
Help  us,  Seynt  lulyan !  to  be  vnbound1, 
With  f>e  virgyn  Agnes  now  Ipe  secound1. 

(5) 
Kepe  us  dayly  from  al  maner  of  synne,  281 

Quene  Batylde !  in  especyal  from  pryde  : 
Suffer  us  neuer  for  to  dye  fere-ynne. 


264 

13.  Hilarius,  Episc. 
266  14.  Felix.  Presb. 


27  15.  Maurus,  Abbas. 

16.  Marcellus.P.etM. 

17.  Sulpicius.  Episc. 
etc. 

18.  Prisca,  Virgo. 

271  19.  Wulstan.E.  etc. 

20.  Fabianus  et  Se- 
bastlanus,  MM. 

273  21.  Agnes,  V.  et  M. 


2  74  22.  Vincentius,  M. 


25.  Converslo  Pauli. 
278 

27.  lulianus.E.et  C. 

280  2s-  Agnes  (2nd  com- 
memoration). 


30.  Batbtldls,  Beg. 
etV. 


14 


*  leaf  7,  back. 

February. 

1.  Brigida,  V. 

d 

KL 

2.  PurificatloB.V.M. 

xj   e 

iiij    Nf 

3.  Blasius,  E.  et  M. 

xix  f 

iij     N 

viij   g 

ij     N 

5.  Agatha.  V.  et  M. 

A 

Nonas 

6.  Vedastus  et  A- 
maiidus.  Episc. 

xvj   b 

viijj 

v   c 

vij  [-Id8 

d 

vj) 

xiij    e 

V1 

10.  Scholastlca.  V. 

ij   f 

iiij   Id 

g 

iij) 

x   A 

[y]  w 

b 

Idus 

H.Valentlnus.Episc. 
et.ll. 

xviij   c 

xvj  j 

vij   d 

xv  IKI 

16.  Juliana,  V.  et  M. 

e 

xiiij  ) 

[valentines, 

XV    f 

xiijj^. 

iiij   g 

xij} 

and  love-ditties  ] 

A 

xj) 

-•  '  ^         •    • 

xij   b 

X[KI 

• 

ixJ 

22.  Cathedra  Petri 
in  Antiochia. 

d 

viij\ 

ix   e 

vij  IKI 

24.  Mathias.  Apoat. 

f 
xvij    g 

vj 
v) 

[  valentine.  1 

vj   A 

iiij) 

b 

iijhK] 

xiiij   c 

y) 

Kalendar 

*  Februarius. 

Ihesu  !  for  )?i  holy  virgyn  Seynt  Bryde.  284 

O  puryfied1  lady,  be  now  oure  gyde.  285 

Teche  us  to  lyue  wel,  o  bysshop  Seynt?  Blase, 
For  fis  wrecchid  lyfe  is  but  as  a  mase.  287 

(6) 
Lede  J:ou  us,  virgyn  and  niartir  Agas,  288 

And  ]>e  bisshopes  Vedast?  and  Amand! 
We  walke  now  here  in  J?is  derkenes,  alas ! 
Teche  us  J>e  troutn  for  to  vnderstond1, 
Delyueryng1  us  from  the  ferides  bond1.  292 

Help  Ipn  us,  holy  virgyn  Seynt  scolast, 
Until  }>is  short  lyfe  here  be  oner  past.  294 

(7) 
Id3  Be  of  good  comfort?  and  ioye  now,  hert1  myne :       295 

Wel  maysi?  J>u  glade  and  verray  lusty  be. 
For,  as  I  hope  truly,  Seynt?  valentyne 
Wil  schewe  us  loue,  and  daunsyiig1  be  with  me. 
O  virgyn  lulyan,  I  ch'ese  now  the 


To  my  valentyne,  both  with  hert1  and  mouth  : 
To  be  true  to  J>e  wold  gooTf>at  I  coutfi. 

(8) 
I  hope  and  trist  to  lerne  for  to  pursewe 

Aftur  f>ese  valentynes  be  metre. 
I  loue  fern  al  wel,  both  olde  and  newe, 
With  cathedracion  l  of  Seynt  petre. 
No  more  of  loue  y  me  entremetre. 
I  pray  J?e  now,  apostil  Seynt  Mathye, 
For  cristes  true  loue  I  to  lyue  and  dye. 

(9) 

O  true  valeyntyne  is  oure  lord1  to  me. 
Al  his  body  on  f>e  crosse  he  spredde, 
And  for  Jrat  my  soule  his  spouse  shuld  be. 

1  MS.—  om. 


299 
301 

302 

306 
308 

309 


iij    d 

Kl 

e 

vj    NS 

xj   f 

V      N* 

or 

iiij    N9 

xix   A 

iij     N« 

viij    b 

ij    N* 

c 

Nonas 

xvj   d 

viij|Idg 

v    e 

vij} 

f 

vj)T,g 

xiij    g 

v) 

ij   A 

iiij) 

b 

iij  \  Ida 

x  c 

ij) 

d 

Idus. 

xviij   e 

xvij) 

vij    f 

xvj  [  Kl3 

g 

xvj 

xv   A 

xiiij 

iiij    b 

^  -Kls 

c 

xij  f 

xij    d 

xjJ 

• 

X) 

f 

f 

ix  g 

viijj 

A 

vij) 

xvij   b 

vj^Kl* 

vj    c 

v) 

d 

iiij) 

xiiij    e 

iij  [xi» 

iij    f 

ij) 

Calendar  15 

*  leaf  8. 
*    Marcius.  March. 

With  his  blode,  Seynt  dauid!  he  did  me  wedde :  3121.  David,  EPISC. 
Pray  for  me  now,  with  sacred  Seynt  Chedde,    313  2.  cedda.EPisc. 
That  I  to  hym  my  couenaunt1  wole  holde 
That  for  me  was  both  bought?  and  solde.  315 

(10) 
In  J?is  world1  here  shul  not  we  longe  ben;  316 

Vn-to  a  uoper  contrey  we  ben  bought. 
Now  pray  for  us,  moost?  holy  virgyn  ! 
Thai?  in  oure  wey  no  wise  we  erre  nought1, 
But  al  oure  werkes  both  in  worde  and  fought1     320 
Be  made  so  plesaunt1  vnto  f>i  hy^e  spouse 
That1  we  may  ben  seruantes  in  his  hyje  house.   3:2 


7.  Perpetua  et 
Felicitas,  YV.  et 


O  holy  doctour,  blessid  pope  Gregour  !  323  12.  Gregorys.  papa. 

That  sendist1  seynt  Austyn  in  to  Euglonde, 
In  my  temptacion  I  may  fynde  socour 
By  comfort  of  }>i  moost?  gracyous  soonde  : 
But  ^it  by  Y\  writyng1  1  vudurstonde  327 

That  al  J>is  wrecchid  lyfe  is  here  ful  harde. 
Now     pray      for     us,     blessid     kyng1     Seynt 


Edwarde. 

(12) 
We  ben  ful  myche  dayly  in  goddes  dette ; 

Good  bisshop  Cuthbert,  pray  f>u  now  for  us 
And  f  ou  holy  Abbot,  good  Seynt  Benette, 
Help  whyle  we  stond1  in  J>e  myre  now  pus, 
That  oure  good1  lord  now,  swete  ih^'us, 
May  make  us  perof  a  mytigacion 
In  reuerence  of  his  Annunciacion. 

(IS)' 

O  blessid  lady  !  with  f>is  Emanuel J, 
Now  for  his  glorious  Resurreccion, 

Helpe  us,  with  fine  angel  Gabriel 
For  his  worshipful  salutacion, 
And  for  his  mervelous  incarnacion 
Which  }?at  wrought  was  f>orgh  f>e  holigost1. 

1  Rubricated  in  error. 


329 


330 


20.  Depositlo  Cuth- 

21.  Renedtctus. 

Abbas. 


334 


336  2£.  Annunciatio  Dc- 
OJ        mluica. 


337 


27.  Besurrectio  Do- 
luiaica. 

28.  Gabriel.  Arch- 


341 


16 

*  leaf  8,  back. 
April 


3.  Ricardos,  Ep.etC. 


4.  Ambrosius.  Ep. 
et  C« 


Kalendar 


Kl 


xj   A 

b 

viij    d 
xvj   e 

v  f 
g 

iiij    N3 
iij     N8 
ij     Ns 
Nonas, 
viij) 
vij  [id" 
vj) 

I  Proverb.) 


H.  Tiburtlus.  Vale- 
riauus,  MM. 


xiij 
ij 


xviij 
vij 


nij 


Idus. 
xviij 


g   xvij 


19.  Alphegus.  M. 


[Pilgrimage  to 
sin  lues,  j 


23.  Georgius,  M.                  iX     A  ! 

b  V] 

25.  Marcus,  Evang.        XVij     C  VTJ 

vj   d  vj> 

e  v 


*  Aprilis. 
Kepe  us,  lady,  vnder  f  i  blessid  ost1.  343 

(14) 
N3  Now  thenke  on  gentil  oft  chose  \  344 

For  f  e  ri:jt  good  prayer  of  Seynt  Richard, 
And  for  f  e  huge  loue  of  doctour  Ambrose, 
For  f  is  world  is  now  ful  fals  and  hard1. 
Turne  not,  swete  lady,  f  i  chore  a-wayward1,       348 
For,  al  fogh  fai?  we  ry$t  synful  be, 
The  more  nede,  lady  !  haue  we  now  to  f  e.       350 

(15) 

Who  spareth  to  speke,  he  spareth  to  spede  :          35 1 

Therfor  we  aught  to  cry,  both  day  &  nyght, 
Now  helpe  us,  good  lady  !  in  oure  nede, 
For  f  i  halowed  son  ys  ful  of  myght. 
Of  the  blessid  sonne-beem  jeue  us  summe  light1,   355 
For  Seynt  Tyburce  and  for  Valerian, 
And  shew  us  fu  art  a  gentil  woman.  357 

(16) 
Whiles  fat  I  lyue,  y  wil  no  wyse  sese  358 

To  crye  on  hym  fat  ys  my  souerayn  lege. 
Halowed  kyng1  Ihesu  !  now  sende  us  pese, 
For  f  e  holy  prayer  of  Seynt  Alphege. 
I  wil  now  me  walke  from  sege  to  sege,  362 

And  pray  to  help  me  now  euery  saynt, 
For  vn-to  hym  I  made  fere  my  complaynt. 


* 


28.  Vitalis,  M. 


xiiij   f      iiij 
iij   g       iij, 

A       ij 


(17) 
O  sacred  Seynt  George !  oure  lady  knyght, 

To  fat1  lady  f u  pray  now  for  me. 
geueth  me,  Seynt  Marke  !  some  goostely  sight1 
pat  I  may  my  self  f  e  bettur  to  se. 
Alas !  myne  y$e  is  blynd  in  his  degre, 
But  jitte  y  pray  f  e,  marter  Seynt  vital, 
Helpe  me  to  lyue  wel  when  fat  I  dye  shal. 

(18) 

And  je  two  apostelis,  now  both  in  fere, 
1  Sic. 


364 


365 


369 


372 


Kalendar 

17 

*  leaf  9. 

*  May  us. 

May 

xj 

b 

Kl 

Philip  and  lacob  !  maken  mencyon                   373 

1.  Phillppus  et 
lacobus.  Apost. 

c 

vj    N8 

To  god  of  us  al  in  joure  good  prayere. 

xix 

d 

V     N" 

Now,  for  the  holy  Crosse  Inuencyon, 

3.  Inventio  Crucis. 

viij 

e 

iiij   N8 

Heuen  blisse  we  axe  for  oure  pension,                    376 

f 

iij   N8 

Thorgh  meryte  of  j?y  dyuyne  Ascenc^on, 

[5.  Ascension  day.] 

xvj 

g 

ii   N9 

With  f»e  helpe  of  Seynt  lohn  at-porte  latyne.  378 

6.  Johannes  ante 
Portam  Latinam. 

(19) 

V 

A 

Nonas. 

Now,  glorious  seynt1  lohn  of  Beuerlay,                379 

7.  Johannes  do 
Beverlaco. 

b 

viij) 

I  pray  J»e  hertely  draw  not  a-bache  : 

xiij 

c 

vij   Ids 

Gadre  us  floures  of  heuenly  maye, 

[The  may.] 

ij 

d 

vj) 

With  martyrs  Gordian  and  Epimache, 

10.  Gordtanus  et 
Kpimachus,  MM. 

e 

v\ 

And  cureth  f>er-with  oure  grete  soules  ache.         383 

x 

f 

iiij  [-Id9 

Now  Nerei,  Achille,  And  Pancrace, 

12.  Nereus,  Achilleus. 
Pancratius,  MM. 

g 

iij) 

Seyth  forjeuenesse  as  of  oure  trespace.               385 

(20) 

xviij 

A 

y  id* 

Good  seyntes  !  make  je  al  oure  soules  hole              386 

vij 

b 

Idus. 

A-jenst  Ipe  hyje  fest1  as  of  Pentecost1, 

[15.  Whitsun-day.] 

c 

XVijtKl' 

pat  we  ben  cladde  in  a  snow-whyjt  stole 

XV 

d 

•   f  -EVi 

xvjj 

Thorgh  Ipe  vertue  of  Ipe  holy  goost1. 

iiij 

e 

XV) 

He  us  comfort1,  J?at  is  of  rnyghtes  moost1,                390 

f 

xiijj   Kls 

With  Ipe  holy  prayers  of  seynt1  Dunston, 

19.  Depositio  Dun- 
stanl. 

xij 

g 

xiij) 

For  with-out  hym  forsoth  wytte  haue  we  noon.  392 

(21) 

j 

A 

xiJA 

God,  j?at  is  but  one  in  p^rsones  thfe,                        393 

b 

**   Kl9 

Holy  Trynyte,  with-oute  begynnyng1, 

[22.  Trinity  Sunday.] 

ix 

c 

xf^ 

Sende  Us  such  grace  fat1  we  saued  may  be 

d 

ixJ 

When  we  shal  passe  at  f»is  lyues  endyng1. 

xvrj 

e 

viij\ 

Helpe  us,  Seynt  Aldelme,  for  oure  amendyng1,  397 

25.  Depositio  Ald- 
helmi. 

vj 

f 

vij  L1§ 

With   J?e  feste  of  corpus  Christi;    and   Seynt 

^[Corpu^Chrlsti.] 

r  JV1S 

glorum  Apost* 

Austyne, 

g 

vj) 

Which  fafr  taught  us,  to  his  feyth  enclyne.         399 

(22) 

xiiij 

A 

v] 

O  J?ou  blessid  bysshop  Seynt  German,                 400 

28.Gwmanus.Ep. 

iij 

b 

^  Kl' 

I  pray  f>»  my  petycyon  fulfyl. 

c 

i«  K1 

I  pray  \>e  same  as  hertily  as  I  can. 

xj 

d 

yJ 

Helpe  us,  gentil  virgyn,  Seynt  Petronyl  !               ».  petrontna.  v. 

c 

18 

*  leaf  9,  back. 
June. 

1.  Nicomedes.  M. 

2.  Marcellinus  et 
Petrus,  MM. 


5.  Bonifacius  et 
socii. 


8.  Medarduset 
Oildardus. 

9.  Translatto  Ed- 
mundi,  R.  et  M. 


11.  Barnabas,  A  post. 

12.  BasiHdes,  M. 


15.  Vitw  et  Mo- 

destus. 

16.  Cirtcus  et  lulitta, 

17.  Botulphns, 
Abbas. 


18.  Marcus  et  Mar- 
cellianus. 

19.  Gervaslus  et 
Protbaiius. 


Kalendar 
*  Iimius. 


e  Kl 
f  iiij  I 
g  iij  I 


Also,  Seynt1  Nichomede  !  I  pray  ]>y  good  wille.  404 
Teche  me  3oure  daunce,  Marcellyne  and  petre ! 
To  whom  I  syngi  with  fis  sympul  metre.  406 


(23) 


xvj  A 

vb 
c 

xiij  d 
ij  e 

f 
xg 


ij  N« 

Nonas. 

viij 

vij 

vjJ 


407 


iiij) 


Ids 


*} 

Jj) 


XV 


22.  Albanus,  Proto- 
raartyr  Angltae. 

23.  Etheldreda,  Y. 

24.  Nativltaalohan- 
nls  Bapt. 


6.  lohannes  et 
Paulus,  MM. 


28.  I*o. 

».Petnis«t  Paulus, 

A  post. 

30.  Commemoratio 
PaulU 


A 

xviy  b 

vij  c     Idus. 
d  xviijj, 
xv  e   xvij ) 
iiijf     xvjj 
g 


xij 

jb 
c 

ixd 
e 

xvijf 
vjg 


Ids 


xiij 


x 


viij 


I  cry  vn-to  jow  now,  al  on  a  rowe, 

In  special  to  martyr  Boneface 
With  al  J?i  felowes,  both  hyje  and  lowe, 
That  30  gete  to  us  repentaunce  and  space. 
Medard  and  Gildard,  now  where  is  $our  grace  ?  411 
Prayeth  for  oure  synnes,  with  [Seynt  Edmundj, 
And  aftur  f>is  lyfe  to  haue  J>e  secund!  413 

(24) 
Now,  blessid*  Seynt  Barnard  ' !  for  us  Ipon  pray,    414 

With  J>e  good1  Batylde l,  £>e  martyr  and  preste, 
That  we  be  closed  al  in  3oure  aray, 
Where  as  he  sitteth  at  his  ryal  feste. 
Kepe  joue,  now  I  pray  3oue,  Vite  and  Modeste,  418 
}      Cyryce  and  lulytte,  kepe  us  fro  J?e  wulfe ; 

And  lyght  oure  goost  eclipsed,  Seynt  Botulfe.  420 

(25) 
Prayeth  for  us,  Marcellyan  and  Marke, 

Wyth  Geruase  and  Prothase,  martyrs  ylkone. 
This  world  now,  Seynt  Edward  1  wexyth  darke, 
For  oure  ynward  syght  ys  al-most  a-gone. 
Lede  us,  oure  first  martyr,  Seynt  Albone. 
Etheldrede  of  Ely,  I  pray  now  helpe  me, 
Wyth  Seynt  lohn  Baptist  J>e  natiuite. 


421 


425 


(26) 
Bryng1  us  mydsomer  of  heuenly  blys, 

I  pray  3ow,  martyrs  both,  Paule  and  lohn ; 
Wherof  gladsom  myrth  we  shal  not  mys, 
For  fat  Leo  pope  endureth  al  one. 
Now  Petre  and  Paule,  I  trist?  3ow  vpon ; 
And  Seynt  Paule  fi  commemoracyon. 
1  Sic  in  MS. 


427 


428 


432 


xix 


Kl 


iiij  A  xvm 

b    xvjf. 
xii  c      xv  f 
xiiij/ 


j  d 

e 

ix  f 

g 


xiij 
xij 


-Kls 


Kalendar 

*  lulius. 

Helpe  us  euer  to  oure  saluacyon, 
(27) 


19 

*  leaf  10. 
July. 


434 


435 


0  je  martirs  Martynyan  and  Processe  ! 
Now  al  oure  floures  begynneth  to  fade  ; 

In  f>is  erth,  Martyn,  is  but  wreechidnesse, 
Syth  f>ai?  Adam  *  put  f?er-on  his  spade. 
Now  mercyful  god,  J?at  al  Ipiuges  hath  made,         439 
For  }?e  translacyon  of  Seynt  Thomas 
Bryng1  us  ones  to  his  endeles  solace.  441 

(28) 
Lo  now,  tyme  passith  of  chyrry  fayre  ;  442 

Therfor  I  pray  ^ou  f>en,  Brethren  seuyn, 
That  I  may  be  one  of  Benet  ys  heyre, 
Where  $e  ben  yn  Belyques  of  heuyn. 
lentyl  broker  Ih^su  !  bryng1  us  }>er  euyn  :  446 

That  were  to  me  a  gracyous  fortune. 
Now  help  J?e  holy  bysshop  Swithune.  448 

(29) 

1  mette  a-while  wttft  blessid  Seynt  Botnlphe  :      449 
Now,  sacred  Seynt  Kenelme !  with  J>e  I  mete, 

Prayng1  £e  with  hert,  f>is  Seynt  Arnnlphe, 
Bryng1  me  to  J>at  mery  daunsyng1  so  swete. 
A !  gentyl  may  den,  O  Seynt  Margarete,  453 

And  noble  Praxede,  lete  me  bere  ^oure  trayne, 
And  joure  also,  Lady  Magdalayne.  455 

(30) 
Seynt  Appollinare,  teche  me  joure  games.  456 

Make  us,  Seynt  Crystyn !  heuenly  lepars. 
Lete  us  dispute  with  f»e,  good  Seynt  James ; 
Bryng1  us  to  Seynt  Anne  to  oure  versepars. 
Make  us  to  study,  )?e  seuen  slepars ;  460 

Lede  us,  Seynt  Sampson,  to  pe  hy3e  seoles, 
For  }?edir,  Pelyce  !  comen  no  foles.  462 

(31) 

O  Abdon  and  Sennen !  I  me  redresse.  463 

Good  Seynt  German,  bring1  us  to  heuen  blys. 


2.  Ptocessusfrt 
Martiniapus. 


4.  Translatio 
Martini. 


7.  Translatio 
Thomae,  M. 


10.  Septem  Fratres 
Martyres. 


11.  Translatio  Ber 
dicti,  Abb. 


[12.  Relic  Sunday.] 


15.  Translatio 
Swithuni. 


[16.  Four-weeks 
commemoration 
of  St.  Botulph.) 

17.  Kenelmus.  R. 
etM. 

18.  Arnulphus,  R. 
etM. 

I  dancing.] 


20.  Margareta,V. 
etM. 


21.  Praxedes,  V. 

22.  Maria  Magdaleaa. 


1  Rubricated  in  error, 

e  2 


25.  lac-bus.  Ap. 


26.  Anna,  mater 

Marine. 


27.  Septem  Dormi- 
entes. 


23.  Samson,  Episc. 
29.  FelU,  M. 


30.  Abuon  et  Senne». 


31.  Germanus,  Ep. 

etc. 


20 

*  leaf  10, 

back. 

August. 

1.  Petrus  ad  Vincula 
(Lammas). 

viij    c         Kl 

2.  Stephanus,  Papa 

xvj    d     iiij    NS 

S.InventioStephani. 
Diaconi  et  Proto- 

v   e       iij    Ns 

martyris. 

£*  *           TkT  , 

1J     NS 

5.  Oswiiaus,  R. 
etM. 

xiij   g     Nonas. 

6.  Sixtus,  P.  et  M. 

ij   A  viij) 

7.  Donatus,  Ep. 
etM. 

b     vij  [id* 

8.  Cyriacus,  M. 

X    C          Vj) 

9.  Romanus,  M. 

d       v|Ida 

10.  Laurencius,  M. 

xviij   e     iiij  ) 

11.  Tyburtius,  M. 

vij   f      iij   Ids 

g       ij) 

4 

13.  Hypolitus  cum 
sociis. 

xv   A      Idus. 

14.  Eusebius,  Presb. 

iiij    b    xix) 

15.  Assumptio  B. 
V.M. 

c  xviij  rKl9 

xij   d  xvij) 

j   e    xvj' 

18.  Magnus  [ought 

f      xv   Kl8 

to  be  19]. 

19.  Quinta  dies  infra 
Octavas  Assum- 

ix  g  xiiij 

ptionis. 

[valentine.] 

A  xim 

xvij   b     xij   K16 

22.  Timotheus,  Ep. 

vj   c      xjj 

etc. 

d        x- 

24.  Bartholomaeus. 
Ap. 

xiiij    e       ix) 

iij   f    viij  I  O 

g     vij) 

27.  Ruphus,  M. 

xj   A     vj 

28.  Augustlnus,  Ep. 
et  Doctor. 

xix   b        vhZl 

29.  Decollatio  loh. 

"Rant 

c     iiij 

Kalendar 

*  Augustus. 

The  bondes  of  Seynt  petur  of  lammesse  465 

Vnbynde  us,  blessid  pope  Steven ! 
And,  sacred  Stephen  deken,  467 

Help  with  J?i  merytes  many  afolde, 
With  J>is  kyng1  and  martir  Seynt  Oswolde.     469 

(32) 
Seynt  Sixte  J>e  pope,  for  goddes  loue  and  sake,   470 

With  Donate  Bysshop,  do  }>i  diligence. 
And  with  Ipi  felowes,  Seynt  Cyriake, 
With  Seynt  Romane,  helpe  J»ou  oure  conscience. 
O  f>ow  worthy  martir  Seynt  Laurence,  474 

Pray  for  us  now,  with  J?is  Seynt  Tyburce : 
I  hope  now  hit  wil  be  neuer  f>e  wurse.  476 

(33) 
Seynt  ypolyte,  here  my  peticyon,  477 

With  Seynt  Euseby,  the  holy  confessour. 
Now,  lady !  for  J?yne  hy^e  Assumpcyon, 
3eue  us  J?i  hande,  and  jn  holy  socour, 
Thai?  we  no  we  mowe  sty3e  in- to  j?i  hyje  toure,    481 
Where  }?at  glorious  Seynt  Magne  is  with  ]>e. 
Lady  in  octavis,  only  socour  me.  483 

(34) 
To  my  valentyne,  lady !  I  chese  J?e,  484 

Whom  f>at  I  wyl  chaunge  neuer  for  no  newe. 
Now  pray  for  me,  halowed  Seynt  tymothe, 
To  my  lady  J?at  I  euer  be  trewe. 
Help  me  nowe  I  pray  J»e,  Seynt?  Bartilmewe,  488 
So  worthy  apostil  as  f>ow  art  one, 
For  better  helpe  J>an  prayer  can  I  none.  490 


(35) 


491 


SO.  Felix,  M. 

31.  Cuthberga,  V. 


Helpe  us,  Seynt  Ruphe,  J>e  martir  of  crisi?; 
And  Seynt  Austyn,  fe  worthy  hy^e  doctour, 

With  Decollacyon  of  Seynt?  lohn  Baptyst1: 
Seynt1  Felice  !  pray  Ih<?su  chrjBt,  oure  saviour, 
"With    blessycT  Seynt    Cuthburge,    \>at   virgyn 
flour,  495 


Kalendar  21 

*  leaf  11. 
*    September.  September. 


10.  Tertia  dies  infra 
Octavas  Nat.  B. 
V.  M. 


xvj    f         Kl  So  J>at  we  may  daunse  with  holy  Seynt  Gyle,  496  i. 

v   g     iiij    N8         In  heuen  an  hyje  aftir  )?is  litul  whyle.  497 

(36) 

A  iij    Ns  Al  f>is  world  ys  ful  of  care  and  pyne  :                    498 

xiij   b        ij    Ns  Now  pray  for  us,  holy  bysshop)  Seynt  Cuthbert1,    *-, 

ij   c  Nonas.  With  J?e  holy  Abbot1  Seynt  Bertyne,                          5.  Bertinus,  Abbas. 

d  viij  |  That  we  may  now  gracyously  astert. 

x   e  vij !  gitte  I  pray  to  f>e,  with  al  myne  hert1,                  502 

f  vJ|Tjg  Lady  !  for  )?i  ioyful  Natyuyte,                               s.  Native  B.V.M. 

xviij   g        vj  That,  with  Seynt  Gorgone,  fowfenke  on  me.  5049- Gorgoni«s.M. 

(37) 

vij    A    iiij  |          Souerayn  lady  !  fyne  Vtas  we  done  holde  505  n  Prothus  et  Hya. 

With  Prothe  and  lacincte,  A  commemoracyon.      °inthus>  MM< 
Muche  grace  of  the,  lady !  haue  I  herde  tolde : 
Now  helpe,  lady  !  in  oure  temptacyon. 

For  J>y  holy  Crosse  Exaltacyon,  509  w-Kaitaciocrucu. 

Pray  for  us  now,  martyr,  atte  oure  moost1  nede,      [«•  Nicomedes,  M.J 
With  virgyn  Edythe,  for  fe  bettyr  spede.       51 1  16- Editha- v- 

(38) 

A    xv |          Now,  }>ow  bysshop)  and  martyr,  Seynt  lamberfr  1512  ^  Lambert™.  EP. 
ix  b  xiiij  r  Kl8      Pray  here  for  us  al  to  swete  Ihesu  Crisi? 

xiijj          That  he  pourge  and  dense  oure  soules  and  heri? 
Fro  al  wikked,  synful,  and  derkely  myst1. 
Help  us,  Seynt  Mathew  }>e  eua^ngelisl?,         516  21;tMEay"S|fus' Ap' 
And  al  J?i  felowes  of  Seynt  Mauryce,  22;tISSLclus>  M" 

:iiij   g      ixj  With  f>e  virgyn  Tecle,  to  take  a  spyce.  518  a  Tecia,v. 

(39) 

That  heuenly  spyce  hit1  is  ful  swete  :  519 

Help  us  Jajrof,  good  bysshop)  Fermyne.  ^ tFM.mIUUS>  Kp< 

Sacred  Cipriane,  3if  hit?  wold1  be  gete, 
With  Cosme  and  damiane  wold  I  dyne. 
Lede  us  federward,  as  ryght  as  a  lyne,  523 

viij    f       iij  I "  Seynt  Myghel  1  To  fat  heuenly  kyngdome,          29.  Michael. 

Helpyng1  fe  holy  doctour  Seynt  lerome.         525  ^rgjg"** 


22 


Kalendar 


*  leaf  11, 

back. 

October. 

1.  Remigius.  Ep. 

2.  Leodogarius,  Ep. 


XVJ 
V 

xiij 
ij 


A 

b 
c 
d 
e 
f 
g 


ij    N 

Nonas. 


XV11J 


9.  Dionysius,  Rusti- 
cus,  et  Eleuthe- 
riiis,  MM. 

10.  Gereon,  M. 

11.  Nicasius,  Kp. 
et  M. 


13.  Translatio  Ed- 
ward i,  X.  et  Conf. 

14.  Calixtus,  P.etM. 


15.  Wulfran,  Ep. 

j 

A      Idus. 

16.  Michael  in  Monte 
Tumba. 

b  xvijl 

ix 

c     xvj^Kls1 

18.  Lucas,  Evang. 

d     xvj 

19.  Fr«deswitha.  V. 

xvij 
vj 

e  xiiij) 
f    xiijlKl*1 

21.  Undecim  Mlllia 
Yirgines. 

g     *ij 

23.  Romauus, 
Archiep. 


25.  Crispinus  et 
Criipini*nus. 


28.  Simon  et  ludas, 
A  post. 


[valentine.] 


31.  Quintinus,  M. 


A 

b 
c 
d 
e 
f 
viij  g 


xmj 
iij 


xix 


xvj 

V 


A 

b 


*  October, 

(40) 

Kl        Now,  holy  Seynt  Remyge  !  with  al  angeles,       526 
vj    N8      Thorgh  Ipe  prayer  of  Seynt  Leodegare, 
v    N8    Bringe  us  now  from  al  wrecchidnesse, 
iiij    N8       Beyng1  ful  of  synne,  wrecchid  sorow,  and  care. 
iij    Ns       I  wyl  not  loue  f>is  world1;  I  wil  be  wel  ware:     530 
For  me  hit  is  ^yme  as  to  leue  J>at  warke, 
By  help  of  jow,  martirs,  Marcelle  and  Marke !  533 

(41) 
I  wyl  be  as  stedfast?  as  any  stone.  533 

Helpe,  with  ]?i  felowes,  Seynt  Dyonyse, 
So  J>at  I  may  dwelle  with  Seynt  Gerone,   * 
And  with  Seynt  Nichase,  in  hyje  paradyse ; 
For  of  J?is  lyfe  I  sette  ful  litul  pryce.  537 

I  pray  J>e,  Seynt  Edward?,  confessour  and  kyng1, 
That  I  may  with  Kalyxteboth  hoppe  and  syng1. 539 

•(42) 
Teche  me  Ipe  way,  glorious  Seynt  Wolfran  !         540 

To  Myghel  in  J>e  mount  wold  I  ryde : 
Klsl  Flessh  is  my  hors,  sowle  ys  Ipe  man. 

I  pray  f  e,  Seynt  Luke  !  for  to  be  my  gyde. 
Helpe  me,  lentyl  virgyn,  Seynt  Pryswyde,      544 
One  of  f>e  floures  here  of  EngloncT, 
With  al  holy  virgyns  Eleuen  Jjowsond1.          546 

(43) 
That  was  a  present  made,  al  in  a  day,  547 

Ful  worthy  to  god,  Seynt  Romanian. 
Hys  floures,  in  October  as  wel  as  I[n]  may, 

God  gaderyth,  Seynt  Cryspyn  and  Cryspynian. 
vij)  Some  of  f>em  fadeth  and  wexith  al  wan.  551 

vj  rKls         Why  1  for  her  maners  be  so  lewde  and  rude, 
v)  But  prayeth  for  us  now,  Symon  and  lude.    553 

(44) 

I  chese  al  seyntes  to  my  valentyne ;  554 

Kl8      Trewly  I  hold  hit  ryght  as  for  f>e  beste. 

Teche  us  for  to  Daunse,  blessid  Seynt  Quyntyne. 
1  MS.  has  Id8  in  error. 


1UJ 

iij 


Kalendar 


d 

Kl 

xiij 

e 

iiij    N* 

ij 

f 

iij    NS 

g 

ij    N* 

X 

A 

Nonas. 

b 

viij\ 

xviij 

c 

s» 

vij 

d 

vj 

e 

VJ 

XV 

f 

iiij) 

*  Nouember. 

With  Al  halowen,  in  {>is  moost  hy$Q  feste, 
Al  Cristen  sowles  God  jeue  f>em  good  reste 

A-bydyng1  hys  mercy  in  purgatory, 

Suffryng1  for  her  synnes  peynes  bitturly.  560 


*  leaf  12. 
November. 

g  .  >_  1.  Festum  Omnium 
OO/      Sanctorum. 

c-o  2.  Commemoratio 
00°      Animarum. 


(45) 


561 


6.  Leonardus,  Abbas. 


A 

ij   b 

j   c  xviij 
d  xvij 
e     xvj 
f      xv 
xvij   g  xiiij 


ix 


Lord  Iliesu.  Christ !  f>o  peynes  ben  ful  scharpe, 
Now,  Seynfc  leonard)  Helpe  us  J>erfore ; 

Make  J?em  easy  with  f>y  moste  dowcet?  harpe : 
And  J>e  Foure  crowned  I  pray  jow  euermore,        8*j?arattresCoronatt 
Helpyng  with  J>y  sawtry,  Seynt  Theodore !      565  ».  Theodoras,  M. 

(That    hit1   may    aswage    some-what    cure    grete 
Ids  peyne, 

With  J?e  prayers  of  holy  Seynt  Martyne.       567  n^Martmus,  EP. 

(46) 

ij    Id8   For  J?is  holy  daunce,  mynstralcy  ys  goode :  568 

Idus.         Now,  Seynt  Bruce!  helpe  with  \>y  sownded  lute.  is.  Bricius,EP.etc. 
That?  cryste  wassn  me  with  his  precyous  blode, 
Pray  for  us  now  al,  sacred  Seynt  Machute  !  ia  »u*utn«,  EP. 

Edmunde  of  Pounteney,  now  in  joure  sute  572  16x^dh™Sopus 
I  wold  J?at  I  were,  with  sacred  Seynt  Hewe,  irc^iso>  Ep'  **' 
Whefer  hit  were  coloure  whyte,  rede,  or  blewe,  574 


Kl3 


(47) 


575 


20.  Edmundus,  B. 


22.  Cecilia.  V.  et  M. 


I  wold  be  closed  in  cristemasse  lyueray : 

Helpe  me  fer-to,  holy  Edmund?  J?e  kyng1. 
Of  al  J?at  huge  feste  fere  ys  but1  a  day, 
Where  j?at  Seynt  Cecily  ys  euer  beyng1, 
And  J?ere  Seynt  Clement1  ys  euer  enduryng».     579  2a.ciemens,p.etM. 
Bring1  me  Ipere,  Crysogone,  with  my  valentyne,    24.  chrysogonus,  M. 
So  J>at  I  may  daunse  with  Seynt  Kateryne.  581  ^^herina,  v. 

(48) 

geue  me  f>y  blessid1  hond1,  Seynt  Lyne  f>e  pope,  582  ».  Linus,  p.  et  M. 

Wold  god  I  cowth  J>y  steppes  wel  to  sewe ! 
Helpe  me  to  daunse  in  Ipy  halowed  cope, 

With  Seynt  Saturne,  J?e  martyr  ful  trewe.  w>  saturnim*. 

Pray  for  us  J?en,  Apostel  Seynt  Andrewe,  586  ^  Andreas.  AP. 


24 

*  leaf  12, 
back. 

December. 

II.  Advent.] 


xiij    f 

PJ]    g 


Kl 
iiij 


A     iij    Ns 
x  b       ij    Ne 

c     Nonas. 

6.  Nicolaus,  Abbas.    XVUJ     d 

vij    e 

8.  Conceptio  B.V.M.  f 

XV    g 


iiij   A  iiij) 
b     iij  [ids 

xij    c       ij) 
j   d       Idus. 
e    xix) 

ix   f  xviijj-Kl* 
g 


13.  Lucia.  V.  et  M. 


16.  0  Sapientia! 


1.  Thomas,  Ap. 


xix  A     ix 


25.  Nativitas 
Domini. 

25.  Stephanug, 
Protomartyr. 

27.  Johannes.  Ap. 
et  Evang. 

28.  Innocentes,  MM. 

29.  Thomas.Archiep. 
et  M. 


31.  Silvester,  P.  et 
Conf. 


' 


Kalendar 

*  December. 
As  a-3enst  oure  lordes  Secund  aduent 


587 
588 


So  at  domes  day  fat1  we  be  not  shent1. 

(49) 

A !  lorcFIhmi  Christ !  to  fe  now  I  cry,  589 

Whome  f  is  fat1  we  we l  offende  with  synnes,  Alas ! 
Lord !  haue  mercy,  for  f  y  moder  mary, 
And  also  for  f  e  loue  of  Seynt  Nicholas. 
As  truly,  lord?!  as  she  fy  moder  was  593 

Kepte  from  fylthed  in  her  Concepcyon, 
Wassh  us  from  synne  with  f  y  swete  passyon.  595 

(50) 

Saue,  lord1 !  f  y  blessid  spowse,  holy  church,  596 

From  erroures  and  heresyes  fat  doon  spryng1; 
And  tech  with  feyth  truly  for  to  wurch, 
With  deuoute  Seynfr  Lucy,  f  yn  own  derlyngV 
Graunt  us  f  yne  heri?  as  for  to  ioye  and  syng1,      600 
With  al  of  er  seyntes  in  f  y  presence, 
Thy  worthy  so  grete  song1,  O  sapience.  602 

(51) 

Kepe  al  f  y  peple  which  fat  ben  on  lyue,  603 

Them  especyal  fat  I  haue  of  mynd, 
And  al  good  sowles  fat  with  f  y  woundes  fyue 
Whoom  hit  pleasith  f  e  from  peynes  vnbynde. 
Graunt  us  for  to  be  with  Thomas  of  ynde.      607 
A  curyous  caral  f  is  Crysteinasse 
As  to  syng1  nowel  when  fat  we  hens  passe.       609 

(52) 
Lo  !  now  ys  come  f  e  moosi?  glorious  feste,  610 

The  holy  Natyuyte  of  oure  lorde. 
Goode  Stephen,  make  us  al,  moste  and  leste, 
With  Seynt  lohn,  in  vertues  to  acorde 
That  we  may  sitte  at  Innocentes  borde,  614 

With  Thomas  of  Caunturbury,  oure  frende. 
Now  saue  us,  fader !  with,  oure  flessh,  f  y  worde,  616 
For  Seynt  Siluester  loue,  at  oure  laste  ende. 
1  Misreading,  for  '  Whome  'tis  that  we  offend.' 


THE  ENGLISH  REGISTER  OF  GODSTOW        *LeafI 

or  13. 

[1.1  l    *  The  2  prolog^  of  the  englyssh  register.  Prologue, 

about 
1460. 

THE  wyseman  tawht  hys  chyld  gladly  to  rede  bokys,  and  Reading 

hem  well  vndurstonde  ;    for,  in  defaute  of  vndyrstondyng1,  is 


ofttymes  causyd  neclygence,  hurte,  harme,  and  hynderaunce,  as  standing, 

.  i  *     -,     f  i       and  under- 

4  expgryence   prevyth    in   many  a  place.      And,   for  as   muche  standing 


as  women  of  relygyone,  in  redynge  bokys  of  latyn,  byn  excusyd 
of  grete   vndurstondyng1,  where  it  is   not  her   modyr  tonge;   safety. 
Therfore,  how  be  hyt  that  they  wolde  rede  he?  bokys  of  remem-  Nuns  can't 
8  braunce  and  of  he?  munymentys  wryte  in  latyn,  for  defaute  of 


undurstondyng'they  toke  ofte  tymes  grete  hurt  and  hyndraunce;  and  yet  the 
and,  what  for  defaute  of  trewe  lernyd  men  that  aft  tymes  be  not  necessary 
redy  hem  to  teche  and  counsayl,  and  feere  also  &  drede  to  she  we  ^n^e-61 

12  he?  euydence  opynly  (that  oftyntyme  hath  causyd  repentaunce),   merit  of 
Hyt  we?  ryht  necessary,  as  hyt  semyth  to  the  undyrstondyng1  of  estates  are 
suche  relygyous  women,  that  they  myght  haue,  out  of  her  latyn  in  Latin- 
bokys,  sum  wrytynge  in  he?  modyr  tonge,  where-by  they  myht 

16  haue  bettyr  knowlyge  of  he?  munymentys,  and  more  clerely 
yeue  informacyon  to  her  seruauntys,  rent  gedurarys,  and 
receyuowrs,  in  the  absent  of  her  lernyd  counceft.  Whe?-fore> 
a  pore  brodwr  and  welwylle?  [  .  .  .  3]  to  the  goode  Abbas 

20  of  Godstowe,  Dame  Alice  henley,  and  to  aft  hyr  couent,  the  Godstow 
whych  byn  for  the  more  party  in  englyssti  bokys  weft  y-lernyd,  well-read 
hertyly  desyryng1  the   worshyp,   profyt,    and   welfare   of  that  inEnglish- 
deuoute  place,  that,  for  lak  of  vndurstondyng1  he?  muny[mm]tys,  them  with 

24  sholde  in  no  damage  of  he?  lyflod  he?  aftur  fallyn,     In  the  ^ates  a 
worship  of  ou?  lady  and  seynt  John  Baptist,  patron  of  thys  seyd  well-wisher 
monastery,  the  sentence  for  the  more  partye  of  her  munymentys  their  Latin 

1  This  and  other  running  numbers  are  Monasticon  (edit.  1846),  iv.  369,  but  with 
added  for  cross-reference.     They  extend  to  the  pronoun  forms  'her,'  'hem,'  altered  to 
No.  903.  '  ther,'  '  them.' 

2  The  «  Prologe  '    and  '  Cronicle  '  have  *  Gap  left  in  MS.  for  insertion  of  the 
been  printed  from  this  MS.  in  Dugdale's  translator's  name. 


26  Foundress  and  Foundation 

Kegisterin-  conteynyd  in  the  boke  of  her  regysti?  in  latyn,  aftyr  the  same 
giving  the  '  forme  and  ordyr  of  the  seyd  boke,  hath  purposed  with  goddys 
grace  to  make,  aftur  hys  conceyt,  fro  latyn  in-to  englyssh, 
sewtencyosly,  as  foloweth  thys  symple  translation.  4 

Henley,  be- 
ing Abbess. 

story  of  the  [2.]     The    cronicle  *    Of  the    hows    and    Monasteri    of 

foundation,    L     J 

which  took  Godstow   makyth   mensyon   how  that  place  wace 


fowndyde   fyrst   by  reuelacyon    in  thys  wyse    in 
wynchestre. 

Edyve  IN  wynchester  was  a  lady  bore  of  the   worthyest  blood  of 

cheater"        *^ys  reme  >  ^ame  Edyfe  was  she  callyd  ;  hyr  fadyr  and  modyr 
had  no  mo  chyldyr,  but  her  onely  ;  and  for  that,  she  was  more 
lovyd  and  cherysshed.     She  was  fayre  and  comly,  and  welt  was  8 
a  lady  dear   with  the  kyng1  almyhty  ;    and   syth   was  maryd  to  a   knyht, 
to  God,         gyr  winf'am  lavncelne  2.     By  the  grace  of  god  they  had  thre 
Sir  William  chyldre  to-gedyr,  that  muche  were  fayre  and  euinaunt3,  oon* 
Lanoelyne,    gonne  an(j  ^00  dowhtyrs  :    the  sonne  was  Abbot  of  Abendon.  12 
Now  of  the  lady  y  shal  yow  sey,  in  whych  maner  and  in  whych 
wyse  she  lyuyd  in  goddys  seruise.     Aftyr  the   decese  of  her 
warning  ^f   housbond,  ofte  to  her  come  by  a  vysyon  that  she  shulde  goo  nye 
a  vision,       to  fae  Qyte  tjjat  Qxenford?  was  I-callyd,  and  there  she  shold  16 
a-byde  anone  to  J?e  tyme  she  se  a  tokyn  of  the  kyng1  allmyhty, 
how  and  what  wyse  she  shold  byeld  a  place  to  god^s  seruise. 
To  bynsey  is  thys  lady  come,  as  in  a  vysion  her  was  sent  in  her 
orisouras  ;   there  she  dwellyd  and  muche  holy  lyfe  she  ledde.  20 
Here  a         ^ne  voyce  *n  a  nyht  s^e  herd,  the  whych  to  he?  seyd  what  she 
voice'bade     shold    do:  —  "Edyue5,    Edyue,    ryse    the    up,    and,   with-onte 
a  nunnery    abydywg1,  go  ye  there  where  the  lyht  of  heuyn  a-lyhtyth  to  the 
sh^uidSsee     erfc^e  ^rom  ^e  firmament,  and  there  ordeyne  ye  Mynchyns  to  24 
light  from     the  seruise  of  god,  xxiiij.  of  the  moost  gentylwomen  that  ye  can 
faUing1         fynde."     And  thus  was  furst  thys  abbey  founded.     Now  syth 
upon  earth.  js  thys  ia(jy  Edyue  to  the  kynge,  henry  the  fyrst,  I-goo  ;  and  aft 
helping,        him  hath  shewyd  what  god  in  a  vysyon  her  had  sende.   Whanne  28 

1  The  Chronicle  is  in  French.  add  a  John  to  the  list  of  abbots  of  Abing- 

3  'Wylleam   Launcelene'    in    the    Ex-  don,  probably  between  Ingulph  (died  1158) 

chequer  MS.  and  Roger  (abbot  1  1  75-84). 

3  'Mult   estoint  beauz  e[t]  avenaunz,'  5  'Ediz,'   fet   il,    '  sus    levez    et   saunz 

ibid.  demorance  yalez  au  lu  ou  lumer  desent  au 

*  '  Un  fiz  jeanoit,  que  de  eux  fu  ne,  a  tere  du  firmament/  ibid. 
Abindone  estoit  puz  abbe.'     This  seems  to 


Foundress  and  Foundation  27 

the  kyng-0  Lad  herd  ait  that  she  say  wolde,  by-twene  hem  they 

hathe  I-cornmund1  how  and  what  wyse  they  myht  bryng'tf  thys   Godstow 

good  dede  to  an  ende.     And  so  be  they  besy  in  goddys  seruise 

4  how  they  myht  best  bylde  a  chyrch  in  the  worshyp  of  god,  and 
of  ou?  lady,  and  seynt  John  Baptist.     Now  is  thys  lady,  dame  *    13,  back. 
Edyue,  the  Abbas  in  her  chyrche,  and  xxiiij.  ladys  vriih  her.   Of  foundress 
hyr  too  dowhtyrs,  the  eldeste,  Dame  Emine  was  her  name,  the 

8  pn'oras  of  thys  hows ;  and  Dame  Hauis,  the  secunde  dowhtyr, 
the  secunde  prioras  so  longe  as  she  lyuyd.  Now  byn  they  to 
god  commendyd,  that  was  of  \>e  modyr  bor,  that  for  us  synners 
wolde  fowchesafe  to  dye.  He  us  graunt,  yf  hym  plesyde,  to  hys 

*  Joy  to  come.     Amen. 

[NOTE. — In  the  Latin  copy  (Exchequer  MS.,  at  top  of  first  page  of  table  of 
contents)  is  a  notice  of  the  foundress  which  the  translator  has  omitted  :— 'Tempore 
regis  Henrici  primi  locus  iste  cepit  esse  domus  Dei  in  vigilia  paschae  per  bone 
memorie  dominam  Edivam  Lancelene,  primam  abbatissam,  que  domum  istam  rexit 
L.  et  unum  annos  et  in  senectute  bona  obiit  in  domino.'] 


[3.]     The  chartur  of  syr  John  synt  lohn  of  the  londe  of  About 
Godestowe.  1135- 

THE  2  sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  how  John  of  synt  John  hathe  Grant  to 
grauntyd  and  yeue  to  Edyue,  fyrst  Abbas  of  Godstowe,  to  att 
the  Mynchyns  of  hyr  cowgregacton,  and  to  alt  hyr  successours,  st- 

16  the  lande  I-callyd  Godstow  and  att  thynge  perteynyng1  ther-to,  island 
to-holes  and  quietly,  in  perpetual!  almus,  for  hys  fadyr  and 
modyr  sonle  and  for  the  soulis  of  the  antecessours  that  the  seyd 
lande  fyrst  gate  and  purchasyd,  Ipat,  aftyr  the  dethe  of  the  withpro- 

20  forseyde  Ediue,  sholde  non  odyr  gou^rner  ne  Abbas  be  take  or 


chose  but  of  the  same  co/igregacion  in  the  same  plase.     Thys  should 

,,     A1  IT.  elect  their 

wytnessyth  Alysauwder,  -of  lyncolne  bysshop,  and  many  odyr  ;   own  abbess 

and  thys  was  confyrmyd  a-fore  the  bysshop  of  Salysbury  in  the 
24  tyme  of  herry  the  fyrst,  kyngtf  of  yngloncT. 


[NOTE.  —  Among  the  witnesses  are  Alexander,  bishop  of  Lincoln  (1123-47),  and 
the  second  Robert  D'Oylly  (died  1142).  Roger,  bishop  of  Salisbury  (1102-39),  was 
regent  for  Henry  I  (1100-35).] 

1  Mis-read  '  they  hathen  and  commaund  2  The  Latin  is  printed  in  Mona&t.  iv.  363, 

how,'  in  Dugd.  Monast.  3  '  solide  '  in  the  Latin. 


Consecration  and  First  Endowments 


Consecration, 
USf. 


Consecration 
of  Godstow  by 
Alexander, 
bishop  of  Lin- 
coln, 

built  by  Edyve 
with  her  own 
money, 

in  presence  of 
King  Stephen 
and  his  queen. 


Recital  of  early 
benefactions, 
including  (not 
mentioned  in 
separate  deeds) 
gifts  by  the 
following : — 
*  leaf  II  or  14. 
Matilda  of 
Boulogne, 
queen  consort ; 
prince  Eus- 
tace; arch- 
bishop Theo- 
bald; 


[St.  Mary  de 
Crypt,  Glou- 
cester.] 


Herebert, 
Abbot  of  West- 
minster ;  In- 
gulph,  abbot 
of  Abingdon ; 

John  of  St. 
John,  in 
Wolvercote ; 


[4.]    The l  dedycacion  of  the  churche  of  Godestowe 
by  Alysaunder  bysshop  of  lincolne. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  letter  testimonial  makyth  mension 
that  Alexander,  busshop  of  lincolne,  declined2  and  halowed 
the  chyrche  of  Godstowe  the  ye?  of  ou?  lord  &nno  M°.  C. 
xxxviij.,  the  fowrthe  yer  of  the  reygne  of  kynge  Stephyw,  4 
the  tyme  of  Edyue  Abbas,  that  noble  modyr,  that3  with 
hyr  propur  labour  costys  and  almys  edified  the  sayd  churche 
in  the  honour  of  oure  lady  and  seynt  lohn  Baptist  fro  the 
fyrst  ston,  beynge  present  the  seyd  kynge  Stephyra  and  hys  8 
quene  Matild,  with  mony  erels,  barons,  lordys,  &  busshoppys 
in  the  seyd  lettyr  rehersyd. 

Also   it   makyth   mension   of  the   grete  yftys   that   the 
seyd    lordys    indowyd    the    seyde    churche.      The     kynge  12 
grawntyd,  of  hys  propur  lorshyp,  C.  shillings  valour  in  land1 
in  the  *  stret  callyd   walton ;    Also  Matild  the  quene,   x. 
mark  worth   lande ;    Also   Ewstachiws   he?   son,    yerly   C. 
shillings  in  money,  vn-to  the  tyme  that  he  myht  purchas  so  16 
moche  land  &  valour ;    Also  Theobald,  busshop  of  Cawntyr- 
bury  in  lifelode,   C.  shillings;    Also  the  seyd   alisawnder, 
busshop  of  lincolne,  of  the  tol  of  Banbury  jerly  C.  shillings  ; 
Also  Robert,  busshop  of  exetw,  yerly  xl.  shillings,  viz.  xx.  20 
shillings  in  a  pension  of  seynt  Mari  chyrch  of  Glowcetur 
I-callid   the    Crist,    &   xx.    shillings   in   a   pension   of   the 
churche  of  farindon  in  hampton-shyre ;  Also  Roger,  busshop 
of  Salisbury,    a  mylle  I-callyd  boye-mille  with  the  lande  24 
that  lyeth  ther-to ;   Also  the  Abbot  of  Westmynster,  yerly 
Ix.  shillings ;    Also  Ingulf,  the  Abbot  of  Abendon,  Ix.  shil- 
lings ;   Also  John  of  seynt  John,  a  mille  of  iiij  tj.  of  rent 
in  wlgarcote,   &  the  mansions  of'  ij  men  with  the  pertin-  28 
ence,  &  a  parcel  of  land   a-fore   the   yate   of  the  forseyd 
chyrch  in  the  yland  that  lyeth  bytwene  ij.  waters,  &  half 


1  Printed  in  Dugd.  Monast.  (1846)  iv. 
70,  and  the  Latin,  ibid.  iv.  362-3. 


[n  all  these  deeds  the  Exchequer  MS. 
(Latin)  has  the  first  person,  and  is  there- 
fore much  clearer.  Here  the  English 
version  is  very  brief.  There  is  no  word 
exactly  corresponding  to  this  :  the  nearest 


phrase  being  '  misterium  dedicationis.' 

3  The  Latin  gives  more  prominence  to  the 
co-operation  of  benefactors  contemporary 
with  the  foundress :  '  loci  illius  ecclesiam 
proprio  sumptu  et  labore  collatisque  fide- 
lium  elemosinis  ...  a  primo  lapide  pru- 
denter  edificavit.' 


Consecration  and  First  Endowments  29 

the  medew  that  is  callid  lambey ;   Also  of  Robert  of  olley,  that 
odyr  half  of  the  seyd  mede  of  lambei,  and  a  busshel  of  whete 
euery  ye?;    Also  Mile  of  Glovcester,  constable,    xx.   shillings  Milo 
4  worth  ;    Also  the  Citteseyns  &  burges  of  OxenforcF,  the  land  in 
pormeneit 1  that  segrim  held 2 ;    Also  Robert,  erel  of  leycester  Oxford 
&  hys  wyf  Amice,  Countesse,  Ix.  shillings  in  land  in  hals ;   Also  !** y ' 
Hugo  of  tywe,  ix.  shillings  in  Oxenford1;    Also  Seuams,  in  the  Brackiey7] 
8  same   town,    vij.    shillings;    Also3,    at   london,    in   est   chepe,   Seuar, of 
ix.  shillings ;    Also  Roger  of  almeryk,  xxv.  acris  erable  euery 
yere  in  Blechyndon  and  4  as  mony  to  warenyd  ;    Also  Galtere  of 
pery,  a  yerd  lond  &  v.  acris  in  the  same  town  j    Also  Reynold  [same  town 

12  of  seynt  walery,  heryngysham,  &  boieham,  &  the  fysshynge  were  ing?on?]h~ 
with  the  pertynance,  &  al  the  yland  betwene  to  briggis 5 ;    Also 
Edwyn6  the  son  of  Godgose,  the  churche  of  seynt  Gylys  wztA-out 
Oxenford,  and  on  that  othyr  party  of  the  same  town,  toward 

1 6  Abendon,  xviij  shillings ;  Also  Robert  of  Wyhtham,  the  parte 
of  the  mede  be-sydes  the  seyd  churche  of  Godstow ;  Also  Rapfi, 
Rogers  son,  v.  shillings  in  Shyptonne;  Also  Nicholas  Basset, 
j  hyde  of  londe  at  risendynne ;  Also  simon  of  wahelle,  half  the 

20  churche  of  pattyshul  with  the  pertenence ;  Also  the  seyd  kynge 
Stephen  hathe  I-graunted7  them  the  feyre  of  iij  days  in  the 
fest  of  seynt  lohn  Baptist ;  Also  Galtere,  archydiacon  of  Oxen- 
ford,  the  tythe  of  hys  lorshyp  of  Cudeslaue. 

24      Alle  these  yftys   a-boue   I-sayd   the   lord  busshop  Confirmation  by  the 
&  pope's  legate  Albericws,  that  tyme  in  Engelond,  by  pope's  legate 

,,,,.,  ,    [Albericus,  bishop  of 

the  popis  auctorite  hathe  halouid  &  annexit  to  the  seyd  Ostia,  1138-48], 

churche  of  Godstowe. 

28      And  aft  these  yftys  kynge  Stephen  by  the  pnuilege  by  king  Stephen, 
of  hys  regal  powe?  ha]?e  strenghyd  &  corafermid. 

1  The  Latin  has,  more  correctly,  '  Port-  acres  in  the  common  fields,  one  half  to  be 

man  eit.'  under  crop,  and  one  half  to  be  in  fallow. 

3  InStephen's confirmation, no. 872, sum-  5  The  Latin  adds:  *et  supradicta  quae 

marized  in  the  English  version,  the  Latin  Johannes  de  sancto  Honore  dedit  in  dedi- 

(printed  in  Monast.  iv.  363)  adds  here  the  catione  memoratae  ecclesiae.'     Here  '  Ho- 

clause : — '  and  of  the  gift  of  Ealph,  the  nore '  is  a  slip  for  '  lohanne.'     The  clause 

chancellor  of  the  queen,  a  marc  of  silver  is  a  confirmation  of  John   of  St.  John's 

until  he  get  land' (to  that  value).  gift   (p.  27)  by  Reginald  of  St.  Valerie, 

8  In  Stephen's  confirmation,  the  Latin  who  (as  Rev.  H.  Salter  informs  me)  held 

puts  Senarus'  gift  at  iii*.,  and  the  East-  from  1154  to  1166  the  properties  formerly 

cheap  land  at  xi*.  held  by  John  of  St.  John. 

*  The  Latin  is :  '  xxv.  acras  unoquoque  6  Latin  '  Elwinus.'  ^ 

anno  ad  seminandum  in   Blechesdona  et  7  A  marginal  note  is  added  :  '  ^[For  the 

totidem    ad    ware[c]tandum,'    i.  e.    fifty  fey  ere! 


30  Refoundation 

by  the  And  alt  the  seyd  yftys  the  seyd  busshop  of  Cavntwrbury,  with 

andJtii?        a^e  ^ne  k°le  comPany  °f  busshoppys  ther  present,  by  her  holy 
suffragans,    busshoppys  powe?  &  autorite  cowfermyd,  so  alt  they,  with  on 
Anathema    assent,  on  wilt,  &  on  voyce,  decreyd  the  sentens l  of  cursynge  to  4 
vMators.      a^  *iem  ^iat  ^ur  that  ty1116  nialiciously  take  a-wey,  or  lesse 
make 2,  hurte,  or  in-to  worsse  chaunge 3,  eny  of  the  seyd  yftys, 
or  eny  odur  in  tyme  to  come  her-aftur  in  augmentaczon  profit 
or  dotac^on  of  the  seyd  church,  with-out  satisfaccion  &  dewe  8 
penaunce  or  he  passyd. 

Grant  of  in-       Fyrthyrmore  the  seyd  legate,  by  the  popis  powe?,  gafe  grete 
du  genoe.      pey^on  to  alt  good  doers  &  visitours  or  comforters  of  the  seyd 

place4.  12 

Confirma-         Thys  wrytyn,  vndur  the  sel  of  the  busshop  of  lincoln),  was 
mother     *   cowfermid   by  the   hole   ehaptyr  of  the   churche   of  lincolne, 


[NOTE.  —  The  translator  strangely  cuts  short  the  indulgence.  Its  terms  are 
(Honast.  iv.  363)  'to  the  bestowers  of  the  above  benefits  the  legate  Albe-ric,  by 
apostolic  authority,  released  one  year  of  penances  enjoined  ;  and  he  granted  40 
days  indulgence  in  each  year  to  all  who  with  devout  heart  visited  CJodstow 
church  die  Prece  virginis  (Prisca  V.  =  Jan.  18)  or  on  Nativity  of  S.  John  Baptist 
(June  24).'] 

*  leaf  n  or  14,  [5.]     *A  graunt8  I-made  to  the  kynge  by 

SSout  1180.  bernarde  of  seynt  walery. 

Grant  to  Henry  n       THE  sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  how  Bernard*  forsayd,  16 

and  his  successors  w^  wyjj  &  consent  of  hys  wyf  fAnor?Wl  &  of  hys  sons 

in  the  Crown,  by  "  "          '      L 

the  St.  Valerie        (Reginald  6)  Bernard*  &  Thomas,  hathe  yeue  &  grauwtyd 

**  for  euyr  to  kynge  henry  the  secund  the  place  of  the 

of  the  patronage      abbey  of  Godstowe  &  all  the  lordshyp,  right,  &  patron-  20 

of  Godstow  abbey,    age?    &  ^   advoydans   of  the  seyd   abbasye7  that    I8 

haue  hadde  in  the  same  house,  fre  &  quite,  for  me  & 

in  order  to  make     alt  myn  eyrys,  from  alt  seruice  &  seculer  exaccs'one,  to 

&  n7s  successours,  kyngys  of  ynglond1,  So  that  the  24 


1  In  margin  :  '  H  j>e  curse  agaynst  alle  adds   «  Reginald/  who   is  not  in  the  Ex- 

mysdoers  of  this  churche.*  chequer  MS. 

In  Latin  :  «  minuere.'  7  The  Latin  is  :  '  sedem  abbatiae  et  totum 

In  Latin  :  '  in  deterius  mutare.*  dominiuin  et  ius  advocationis  eiusdem  ab- 

In  margin  :  '  Se  the  pardon.*  batiae.' 

Printed  in  Monast.  iv.  364.  *  The  translator  accidentally  retains  the 

The  MS.  omits  the  wife's  name,  and  first  person  of  the  Latin. 


Conventual  Church  31 

forseyd  Abbey  here  aftur  be  had  fre  &  in  the  chef  crowne  of 
the  kynge,  as1  the  Abbey  of  seynt  Edmund1  &  odyr  real 
Abbeys  2  of  Englonde,  except  only  to  hym  3  &  to  hys  eyrys  the 
4  preyours  almys  &  suffrages  of  the  seyd  Mynchyws.  Also  the 
hole  maner  of  wolgarcote  4  with  aft  hys  pertenaunce  hathe  and  also  of 
yeue  &  grauwtyd  to  the  seyd  kynge,  with  the  consent  &  the 


wylt  of  hys  seyd  wyf  &  hys  eyrys,  holdynge  ferine  &  stable  cote»  to  be 

8  what   euyr   he   wolde   do   ther-we't^,   &   neuyr  to  haue  more  Henry  II 

clay  me,  ne  eny  of  hys  eyrys,  for  euyr-more  :  and  thys  ys  with-  p  ease  * 
out  date. 

[NOTE.  —  About  1170-5  Godstow  seems  to  have  experienced  some  sense  of  in- 
security; see  the  protections  by  Henry  II,  nos.  883-5.  Rosamond  Clifford's 
burial  there  (about  1176)  perhaps  commended  the  place  to  Henry  II's  larger 
patronage.  The  patronage,  vested  in  the  heirs  of  John  of  St.  John  (no.  3),  had 
now  come  to  his  son-in-law,  Bernard  of  St.  Valerie  (p.  29,  n.  5).  Accordingly, 
to  permit  of  Godstow  becoming  a  royal  foundation,  Bernard  of  St.  Valerie,  by 
a  ceremonial  act,  transferred  his  rights  in  the  abbey  to  the  Crown.  See  Henry  II's 
third  charter,  1182,  no.  892,  which  recites  this  transference.] 


[6.     *  Presentation  by  Godstow  to  the  conventual       *  Lincoln 
church.  Eg*- 

Oct.  13. 
REUERENDO   in   chrzsfo   patri   et   domino,   domino   loharaii  TO  John 

12  pmnissione  diuina  "Lincolniensi  Eipiscopo,  vestrove  vicario  in  J^*1*^ ' 
spmfaalibus   generali   et   official!   principal!   seu   commissario  Lincoln 
cmcunque  vestro,  humiles  et  deuote  in  chmfo  filie,  margareta 
Tewxburye  del  paciencia  abbatissa  domus  siue  monastery  beate  Godstow 

1 6  marie  virginis  et  diui  loharanis  baptists  de  godstowe  ordinis  prei 
sancti  benedfcti  et  lincolme?ms  diocm's  et  eiusdem  loci  conventus, 
omnimodas  obedienfa'as  et  reueren^'as   tanto  Reuerendo   patri 
debitas  cum  honore.      Ad  Rectoriara   ecclesie  parrochialis  de 

20  Godstowe  iuxta  eccksiam  cowventualem  nostfram  predictam  site 
et  eidem  annexe,  iam  le^ritime  vacantem  et  ad  nostr&m.  presenta- 
cionew  pleno  lure  spectantem,  cum  suis  luribus  et  pertinenciis 
vniuersis  dilectum  nobis  in  christo  magistruw  matheum  Smythe,  Matthew 

24  sacre  theologie  professorem,  vestre  Reuerende  paternitati  intuitu 
charitatis  pmentamus,  humiliter  et  deuote  supplicantes  qua- 

1  In  the  margin  is  added:  'Hthe  fredom       sicut  aliae  regales  abbatiae.' 
as  gret  as  of  seynt  Edmuwdisbury.'  8  i.e.  to  Bernard  of  St.  Valerie. 

3  Latin  is :  '  libera  et  in  capite  coronae,  *  *  Wolgariscote,'  in  the  Latin. 


32  Conventual  Church 

Brasenose     tenua  eundem  magistrum  matheum  ad  eawdem  eccksiam  admit- 
1510-48),  for   tere  velitis,  eumqwe  in  eadem  canonice  instituere,  &tque  curam 

institution    ibzWtfrn  tarn  secularem  qwam   abbatisse   et   monialium   ibidem 

to  the  .  .  ^4 

rectory  of     committere,  atqwe  ipsitm  in  realem  possessionem  eiusdem  eccksie  4 

fore  introducendwm  pronuwciare  (cum  suis  luribus  et  pertinen- 
ciis  vmuersis,  Rectori  ib^em  ab  antique  debitis,  et  a  nobis  antea 
qualitercuwqite  cowcessis)  dignemini  graciose,  Ceteraqwe  peragere 
et  facere  que  \estro  in  hac  parte  incumbunt  officio  pastorali.  8 
Datum  in  domo  nosfra  capitulari  sub  sigillo  nostro  communi 
xiij°  die  me?^sis  octobris  Anno  dommi  MilWimo  quingen^stmo 
xxxiij0. 

[Endorsed :]  Oxonz'd.  xiii°  (?)  octobris  Anno  d0?mni  1533°  apud  12 
.  .  .  personalto  fuit  admissus,  et  rector  institutes  canom'ce  in 
eadem,  etc.     InY&mentum  c&nonice  obedientiae  [cepit]  &  cetera .] 

[NoTE. — Extant  drawings  and  measurements^  old  and  modern,  show  that, 
immediately  to  the  north  of  the  convent,  there  stood  a  large  church,  fifty  yards 
long  by  nineteen  yards  wide.  The  inmates  of  the  convent  had  access  to  it  by 
a  private  passage  from  their  own  buildings.  Outsiders  entered  by  a  door,  beside 
a  large  square  western  tower,  outside  of  the  conventual  enclosure.  The  above  deed, 
found  by  Mr.  T.  Austin  among  the  Exchequer  Gate  Records  at  Lincoln,  shows  that 
this  church  served  as  the  parish  church  for  the  district  around  Godstow.  There  is 
attached  a  broken  seal,  2  inches  high  by  i^  inches  wide,  showing  windows  at  the 
top  and  a  doorway  arch  at  the  foot.] 


33 


GODSTOW  ESTATES 


BERKSHIRE 


[BLEWBERKY  :  see  also  in  North  Moreton.] 

[7.1    *A   Charter   of   lohane,  the   doughtir   of   lohn    *  leaf  92. 

About 
Tureuyle,  confermynge  ij.  hydys  of  lond?  in  Blebyry.      1205 


THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  lohane,  the  doughtir  of 
lohn  Tureuyle,  with  the  consent  and  the  assent  of  her  husbond11, 
yaf  and  grauntecT  &  cetera,  for  the  helbe  of  the  soules  of  his 

4  fadirs  and  modirs  and  of  alt  his  auncetwrs  and  successors,  to 
god?&  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  there  smiyngi 
god,  ij.  hydys  of  lond1  in  blebyry,  that  is  to  sey,  tho  that  they 
held?  of  the  priour  and  couent  of  Nimgun 2 ;  with  the  mese  where 

8  they  were  wonyd?  to  abide  in  the  same  towne ;  and  with  aft  other 
pertynentis  and  fredomes  longyng1  to  the  same  lond1,  in  toftis  in 
croftis,  in  wode  and  mede,  in  weyes  and  pathes,  in  londes 
I-telyd1  and  not  I-telyd1:  To  be  hold1  and  to  be  had1,  frely  and 

12  quyetly,  worshipfully  and  in  pease  for  euer,  and  that  in  the  most 
fre  and  best  wise  as  euer  they  held1  hit  of  the  Monkis,  yeldyng1 
therof  yerely  xx.  shillings,  at  Mighelmasse  to  the  forsaid1  priour 
and  monkis  of  Nimgun  for  aft  seruyce  longyng1  to  the  same 

16  priour  and  Couent,  sauyng1  the  kyngis  s^ruyce.  And  she  and 
her  heires  warantized?  the  forsaid1  lond1  with  aft  his  pertynentis 
aforseid?  to  the  forsaid?  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ayenst  aft  men 
and  women,  &  cetera  3. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Joan 
Turvyle, 


of  two  hides 
held  of  the 
convent  of 
Nimgun, 
and  a 
messuage, 


subject  to 
a  pension 

Of  2OS.  tO 

Nimgun. 


1  The  name  c  Osbert  Turpin  '  is  given  in 
the  Latin  copy. 

a  '  Nimgun '  also  in  the  Latin  copy. 


3  Witnesses :  William,  Walerand,  Hu- 
bert, Henry,  chaplains  of  Godstow ;  Sir 
Ralph  Harange  j  Reginald  Basset. 


34 


*leaf  VI  or 
18,  back. 
About 
1190. 

Confirma- 
tion to  God- 
stow,  by 
Abingdon 
abbey,  of  an 
old  grant 
of  faggots 
every  day. 
[Hugh, 
abbot, 
1189-1221.] 


Berkshire:  Gumnor 

CUMNOR 

[8.]    *  A   charter  of  huge  Abbot  of  Abendon  for  iiij. 
burthyns  of  thornys. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  charter  is,  that  Huge,  Abbot  of  Abendon, 
&  alt  the  Couent  of  the  same  place,  -with  oone  assent,  yaf  & 
grauntyd  to  the  Mynchons  of  Godstow,  for  the  loue  of  god,  in-to 
pu?  &  perpetual  alinys,  fowre  burdyns  of  thornys  of  her  wood  of  4 
Cumnore,  to  be  hadde  euyry  day  thorow  the  yere  by  the  syht  of 
he?  foreste?,  as  they  haue  be  wonyd  to  haue  in  tyme  here  a-fore  : 
&  that  they  be  not  greuid,  ne  let  by  the  gryef  of  any  man,  in  any 
tyme,  of  these  burduns  of  thornys  to  be  hadde.  The  forseyde  8 
Abbot  &  his  couent  confermyd  the  sa'me  graunt  vtikh  he? 
wrytynge,  &  settynge  to  of  he?  seeles :  these  beynge  wytnes : 
&  is  viith-out  date. 


[DuxFOBD,  on  the  Thames,  in  Longworth  parish.] 

[NOTE. — The  probability  is  that  the  abbess  and  convent  of  Bertincourt  in  Normandy 
held  the  feudal  superiority  of  this  property,  and  that  therefore  the  tenant,  Henry 
of  St.  Valerie,  could  not  impose  a  rent-charge  on  it  without  their  permission.  For 
this  leave  they  imposed  the  problematical  rent,  that  Godstow  should  acknowledge 
the  overlordship  of  Bertincourt  by  payment  of  izd.  when  the  abbess  of  Godstow 
visited  Bertincourt.  Godstow  seems  afterwards  to  have  accepted  a  smaller  rent- 
charge  in  consideration  of  obtaining  powers  of  distraint  for  arrears.  The  rent-charge 
does  not  occur  either  in  Pope  Nicholas  IV's  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,  1291,  or  at  the 
dissolution  in  1540.] 


*  leaf  150. 

About 

1235. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Henry 
of  St. 
Valerie, 
of  i2S.  rent- 
charge  on 
the  mill, 


subject  to 
a  casualty 
to  Bertin- 
court 


[9.]  *  A  Charter  of  henry  of  seynt  walerye,  for  the 
mylle  of  dudekesforde  to  the  holy  mynchons  of 
Godestowe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  henry  of  seynt  walerye  I2 
yaf,  &  cetera,  to  god7  &  cetera  and  to  the  holy  mynchons  of 
Godestowe  ther  seruyng1  god1,  for  the  helth  of  his  soule  and  of 
his  auncetowrs  and  of  his  heires,  xij.  shillings  of  yerely  rent 
of  the  mylle  of  dudekesford1,  with  att  encrese  that  myght  come  of  16 
the  mylle,  as  hit  is  conteyned1  in  the  charter  that  he  made  of  the 
abbesse  and  covente  of  Bertancourte :    To  be  had1  and  to  be 
hold1,  into  fre  and  perpetuel  almesse,  by  service  that  he  ought 
to  do  to  the  said1  abbesse  of  Bertancourte,  that  is  to  sey,  by  xij.  20 


Berkshire:  Dudekesford  35 

[pence1]  to  be   yeldecT  at  Bertancourte  whan  the  abbesse  of  abbey,  Nor- 

.  mandy. 

Godestowe  were  ther  personally  :  these  beyng1  witnes. 

[10.]  A  Charter  of  the  abbesse  of  Bertoncoiirte  for  the  About 
mylle  of  Dudesforde,  confermyng1  the  yifte  of  henry  1235' 
of  seynt  Walerye,  the  which  yaf  and  conformed1  hit 
to   the    abbesse  and  covent  of  Godestowe,  of  xij. 
shillings  of  yerely  rente  of  the  mylle  of  Dudekes- 
forde. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Margarete,  by  the  grace  Confirma- 
4  of  god1  abbesse  of  Bertancourte,  and  aft  the  Couent  of  the  same 


place,  graunted1  and  conformed?  with  ther  charter,  the  yifte  of  by  Bertin- 
Henry  of  seynt  Walerye  the  whiche  he  made  and  conformed1  with  abbey,  of 
his  charter  to  the  abbesse  and  Couente  of  Godestowe  of  xij.  no'9' 
8  shillings   of  yerely  rente  in  the  mylle  of  dudekesforde,  witn 
encresyng1  and  makyng1  more   that  may  come  of  the  forsaid1 
mylle2,  as  hit  is  conteynecP  in  the  charter  that  the  said1  henry  of 
seynt  walerye  had1  of  them.     Thise  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[11.]    A-nother  Charter  of  the  same  abbesse  of  Bertan-  i246,Juiy, 
court,  I-made  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  for  the 
mylle  aforsaid?. 

12      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Margarete,  by  the  grace  Confirma- 
of  god  abbesse  of  Bertancourte,  and  the  couent  of  the  same  place,  stow,°by0 

ordeyned"  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe  to  resceive  of  ther  rente  in  Bertincourt 

abbey,  ot 
Inglond1,  that  is  to  sey,  vpon  xij.  shillings  yerely  of  the  mylle  of  no.  9, 

16  dudekesforcT,  with  the  pertynentis,  the  whiche  *  henry  fit^  henry  *  leaf  150, 

fitj  Symeon)  of  Oxen  ford1  held  of  them.     They  grauntecf  also  to  ^^rentl 

the  said?  abbesse  the  same  power  that  they  had?  in  that  mylle,  on  a  change 
to  distreyne  the  forsaicT  henry,  and  who-so-euer  held1  Ipat  mylle, 

20  after  the  lawes  and  customes  of  the  Eeame  of  Englond?,  but  he 

y  elded1  the  said?  rente  to  the.  same  abbesse  at  the  termes  I-sette.  power  of 

And    into    witnesse    of    this   thynge   they   made    ther   lettres  d  tramt* 

1  The  Latin  copy  supplies  the  tenure  :  3  This  clause  suggests  that  the  sum  of 

*  per  duodecim   denarios  reddendos   apud  1  2s.  may  have  been  fixed  by  way  of  tithe, 

Bertincurt  cum  abbatissa  de   Godestowe  and  was  to  increase   if  the  mill  became 

ibidem  personaliter  fuerit,  pro  omni  ser-  more  profitable. 
vitio.' 

D  2 


36  Berkshire:  Dudekesford 

patentis,  for  ever  to  dure  to  the  forenamed1  abbesse,  And  that 
hit  be  levied1  to  the  same  abbesse  in  euery  courte  as  to  them 
surely  for  them  and  vpon  ther  thyngis  to  be  do.  The  date  the 
yere  of  oure  lord1  a  M*.  CCxlvj*1,  in  the  moneth  of  lule.  4 


*  leaf  150.   [12.]    *  A  Charter  of  the  Abbesse  of  Bertancourte,  I-made 
1246'  to  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  for  xij.  shillings,  yerely. 


Orders  by 
Bertin- 
court 
abbey, 
to  their 
tenant, 
Henry,  son 
of  Henry 
Simeon  of 
Oxford, 
to  pay 
8  years' 
arrears  of 
the  rent- 
charge  (as 
in  no.  9), 
and  to  pay 
it  duly 
in  future, 
with  con- 
firmation 
to  Godstow 
of  power  of 
distraint. 

*  leaf  161. 

About 

1255. 


Acknow- 
ledgement 
to  Godstow, 
by  Henry 
Simeon, 


of  his  obli- 
gation to 
pay  6s.  quit- 
rent  out  of 
the  mills, 


THE  sentence  of  this  Charter  is,  that  Margarete,  by  the  grace 
of  god,  abbesse  of  Bartancourte,  and  the  Couent  of  the  same 
place,  comaunded1  to  her  welbeloued?  henry  the  sone  of  fitj  hem  y, 
and  bad1  that  he  shold1  lette  not  to  yelde  ther  rente  of  the  my  lie  8 
of  dudekesford?,  that  is  to  sey,  xij.  shillings  yerely,  to  the  abbesse 
of  Godestowe  that  was  for  the  tyme,  with  the  arreragis  of  viij. 
yere,  \viihout  ony  agayfi)    saiyng1:    they  made  the  abbesse  of 
Godestowe  ther  resceive  of  the  said1  rente,  yeldyng1  to  the  same  1 2 
alt  her  power  to  distreyne  them  and  euery  holder  of  the  same 
mylle  for  the  forsaid?  yerely  rente,  also  ofte  tyme  as  hit  were 
nede,  so  moche  therof  makyng1  that  they  have  no  more  vexacion) 
by  yow.     Farewel :  god  kepe  you.     The  date  at  Bertoncourte,  16 
the  yere  of  oure  lord?  a  thowsancF,  two  hundred1,  fourty  and 
Sixe. 

[13.]  *A  couenaunte  bitwene  dame  Emme  Bluet, 
abbesse  of  Godestow,  and  Henry  Symeon)  for  vj. 
shillings  of  yerely  rente  of  the  mylles  of  Dudekes- 
forde. 

THE  sentence  of  this  couenaunte  is,  that  there  was  a  cou- 
euaunte  I-made,  bitwene  dame  Emme  Bluet,  abbesse  of  Gode-  20 
stowe,  and  the  couent  of  the  same  place  of  the  one  partie,  and 
henry  Symeon)  of  the  other  partie,  that  is  to  sey,  that  the  same 
henry   Symeon)   knowleched1  hym-self  and    his   heires   or   his 
assignes  to  be  hold1  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestow  and  to  ther  24 
successours   in  vj.  shillings  of  yerely  rente,  of  the  mylles  of 
dudekesforcT  with  ther  pertynentis,  frely  vtterly  and  quyetly  for 
ever,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  myghelmasse  iij.  shillings  and 
at  the  natiuite1  of  our  lady  iij.  shillings.     And  yf  hit  happened?  28 


1  «  Nativity '  of  Mary  is  September  8.     No  doubt  the  term  meant  is  «  Annunciation,' 
March  25. 


Berkshire:  Dudekesford  37 

that  the  same  Henry  Symeon)  or  his  assignes  or  his  heires  paiect1  with  power 
not  at  the  termes  afore-named1  the  seicT  rente,  hit  sholcTbe  lawfuft  traint, 
to  the  seicf  mynchons  and  to  ther  successours  to  distreyne  and 

4  nyme,  by  ony  certayn)  smiant,  in  the  said1  my  lies  or  in  ther 
p^rtynentis,  the  said1  henry  or  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  tille  hit 
were  fully  I-  satisfied1  to  the  said1  mynchons  and  to  ther  suc- 
cessours. And  the  said1  abbesse  and  mynchons  of  Godestow  and 

8  ther  successours  shold1  acquyte  and  defende  the  forsaid1  henry 
and  his  heires  or  his  assignes  ayenst  the  abbesse  and  couente  of 
Berhemcourte,  and  of  the  vj.  shillings   of  yerely   rente   kepe  [=  Bertin- 
them  harmelesse.     And  that  this  afore  couencwnt,  &  vetera. 

[14.]     A  lettre  of  attorney  to  William  Wurth  and  Roger  1297, 
Fynacourte,  I-made  of  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  to 
aske  the  arreragis  of  the  my  lie  of  Dudekesforde. 

12      THE   sentence  of  this  lettre  attorney  is,  that  Alice  Gorges,   Claim  by 
abbesse  of  Godestowe,  and  the  couente  of  the  same  place,  made, 


ordeyned1,  and  sette,  theire  welbeloued1  in  crist  William  Wurth  arrears  of 
and  Roger  Fynacourte,  to  axe  and  to  take  in  ther  name  all  the  charge  on 


16  arreragis  dew  to  them  of  the  yerely  rente  of  xij.  shillings  of  the  i 
my  lie  of  Dudekesford1,  the  whiche  ben  behynde  to  them  of  xviij. 
yere  and  more,  yevyng1  to  theym  or  to  the  other  of  them  power 
for  the  same,  in  the  my  lie  aforsaid1  or  in  his  pertynentis  wher- 

20  so-euer  they  saw  hit  best  to  spede,  to  neme  or  to  distreyne  tille 
hit  were  fully  I-satisfyecT  to  them  in  ther  name  or  them  of  the 
forsaid1  arreragis,  also  wiih  the  yerely  rente  in  the  tmnes  after- 
ward1 of  J:e  forsaid1  mylle  with  his  p^rtynentis  to  be  paid1.  Into 

24  witnesse   of  the   whicli   thynge,  they  made  these   her  l^res 
patentee  to  them.     The  date  at  Godestowe,  the  Tewesday  next 
aftir  the  fest  of  seynt  Martyn),  the  xxv.  yere  endyng1  of  the  [Martin  = 
reigne  of  kyng1  Edward1. 

[15.]     *  A  Charter  of  lohn  at  the  Grove  of  Longeworth,  *  leaf  150, 
I-made     to     the     mynchons     of     Godestowe,    for  1293, 
x.  shillings  of  yerely  rente  at  Mighelmasse  of  the  APril2*' 
mylle  of  Dudekesford1. 

28      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  lolin  of  the  Grove  of  Acknow- 
Longeworthe  bound1  hym-self  to  the  lady  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  en 


stow,  by 
John  at 
grove,  of 
obligation 
to  pay  IDS. 
rent-charge 
out  of  the 
mill, 


[Fishery.] 


and  of 
Godstow's 
right  of 
distraint 
over  all  his 
property, 


even  if  the 
mill  is 
destroyed 
by  fire  or 
otherwise. 


38  Berkshire:  Dudekesford 

and  to  the  covent  of  ]>e  same  place,  in  x.  shillings  of  yerely  rente 
yerely  to  be  paid1  for  euer  to  the  same  in  the  same  house  of 
Godestowe  at  Mighehnasse  of  the  mylle  of  dudekesforde.     And 
to  that  paiyng1  of  the  forsaid1  rente,  he  bound1  hym-self,  his  heires  4 
and  assignes,  and  aft  his  londes  and  tenementis  in  longewortfi, 
and  in  aft  other  places,  that,  trewly  and  without  gile,  to  be  do 
for  euer,  to  the  same  and  to  ther  successours,  yerely  at  the 
forsaid1  terme  x.  shillings,  into  whos-so-euer  handis  they  come,  8 
also  with  the  mylle  aforsaid)  waters,  fysshweres,  and  aft  other 
pertynentis,  to  the  constreynyng1  and  distreynyng1  of  J>e  forsaid? 
abbesse,  Couente,  or  ther  baillifis,  that  they  myght  distreyne 
them  and  reteyne  the  distreynyngis  tille  the  arreragis  of  the  12 
forsaid1  rente  of  x.  shillings,  yf  ther  were  ony  (that  god  forbede), 
also  with  the  harmes  and  expensis,  yf  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and 
Couente  susteyned?  ony  by  that  occasion),  they  shold1  be  fully 
I-paid!     And  yf  hit  happened1  the  forsaid?  mylle,  in  ony  case  16 
fallyng1,  to  falle  downe,  to  be  cast  downe,  or  vtterly  to   be 
distroyecT,  or  to  be  brennyd)  Ipat  (that  notwetAstondyng1)  he  shold? 
be  bounde,  for  hym  and  his  heires,  and  also  for  aft  other  holdyng1 
afterward1  his  londes  and  tenementis,  to  the  forsaid?  abbesse  and  20 
covente,  in  the  forsaid1  x.  shillings  of  yerely  rente  for  eiier,  of 
the  forsaid?  londis  and  tenementis,  at  the  forsaid1  terrne  euery 
yere  fully  to  paye,  as  hit  is  aforsaid1,  by  the  forsaid1  distreynyng1. 
And  to  more  suerte  of  the  same  of  the  paiyng1  of  the  forsaid?  24 
rente,  as  hit  is  I-seid?  before,  to  be  do,  he  bounde  hym-self  and 
his  heires  to  the  distreynyng1  of  ony  maner  luge  of  the  chircn 
the  which  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  couente  wolde  chese,  that 
they  myght  compelle  them  by  the  censure  of  the  chirche  to  the  28 
forsaid1  paiyng1,  all  excepcions  I-put  be-hynde.     Into  witnesse  of 
this  he  put  to  his  scale.     The  date  at  Godestowe,  the  thursday 
next  after  the  fest  of  seynt  George,  the  xxvj.  yere  of  the  reigne 
of  kyng1  Edwarde  the  sone  of  kynge  Henry.  32 

[KNIGHTON,  in  Compton  Beauchamp  parish.] 

[NOTE. — Early  in  the  history  of  the  convent,  Godstow's  interest  in  this  parish  was 
forgotten,  and  consequently  erroneous  readings  have  crept  in  at  most  mentions  of 
it  in  the  Registers,  both  Latin  and  English.  A  branch  of  the  St.  Valerie  family 
possessed  considerable  lands  here.  About  1200  Wido  of  St.  Valerie  (possibly 
a  younger  brother  of  Bernard)  gave  Godstow  a  rent-charge  (nos.  16,  17)  of  6s.  Sd. 
over  these  lands  to  endow  an  obital  service  for  his  father.  About  1225  Wido's 


[George  • 
Apr.  23]. 


Berkshire:  Knighton  39 

son,  Eeginald,  sold  his  Knighton  property  to  St.  Frideswyde's  priory  (Wigram's 
Cartulary  of  St.  Frideswide,  1896,  ii.  297-306).  The  Rev.  H.  Salter  has  shown  me  that 
Mr.  Wigram,  following  Dugdale,  has  assigned  the  sale  to  the  great  Reginald  (died 
1166),  whereas  the  conveyance  is  dated  'in  die  Translacionis  B.  Thome  Martiris,' 
and  cannot  therefore  be  earlier  than  1224.  In  1286,  in  an  exchange  of 
rent-charges  over  each  other's  property,  Godstow  (no.  509)  gave  up  this  Knighton 
rent-  charge  to  St.  Frideswyde's  priory.  The  service  for  the  founder's  father 
was  provided  for  by  transferring  the  obligation  to  Godstow  property  in  North  Oxford, 
where,  at  the  dissolution  in  1540,  we  find  this  6s.  Sd.  still  charged  (Monasticon,  iv. 
370).  When,  some  150  years  later,  the  compiler  of  the  Latin  Register  transcribed 
the  deeds  about  the  obit,  he  could  not  make  out  the  locality.  He  had  recourse  to 
two  subterfuges.  Two  deeds  (nos.  17  and  18),  owing  to  the  founder's  name,  he 
attached  to  St.  Valerie  donations  elsewhere.  A  third  (no.  16)  he  put  into  his  un- 
identified set  at  the  end,  under  Cniscetuna  (for  Cnigtetuna).  In  the  general  charters 
he  has  even  wandered  into  Cumberton.'] 

[16.]     *  A  Charter  of  Wyde  of  Seynt  Walerye  for  half  *  leaf  151, 
a  marke  [in]  Cniscetuw.  About 

1200. 
THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Wydo  of  seint  Walerye,   Grant  to 

for  his  soule  and  for  his  fadir  and  modir  and  brother  sowles,  yaf 


and  grauntecT  half  a  marke,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  holy  St.  Valerie, 

4  mynchons   of   Godestow   there    smiyng1   god,   in-to    perpetuel  ohargeof 

almesse,  in  cniscetuw  every  yere  in  the  anniuersarye  of  his  fadir  ^  8dt 
aforsaid1.     These  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[17.]     *A  chartur  of  wydo  of  seynt  walery  of  halfe  *ieafiior 

a  marke  of  syluer  I-gyfe  to  the  couent  of  Godestowe.  About*' 

1200. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  dede  is  that  Wydo  of  seint  walery,  by  Duplicate 

8  the  consent  of  hys  wyfe  Aubreche  l  and  Reynald1  hys  heyr,  hath  ceding. 

5yf  &  graimtyd  to  the  Mynchyns  *  of  Godstowe,  in  perpetual  *  leaf  III 

almys,  half  a  mark  of  syluyr  euyry  yere,  to  be  take  in  the  obit  °*  ;t  for 

of  hys  fadur,  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Geyle,  of  the  land  that  Gerard  Wido's 

12  hath  hold  :  thys  wytnesith  Thomas,  Chapeleyn  of  Godstowe,  &  On  Sept.  ,. 
many  othyr  vrith-m  rehersyd1;  &  is  wit^-out  date. 

[18.]     A  chartur  I-made  by  Reynolde  flat  wydo.  About 

1200. 

THYS  is  a  confirmacion  of  Reynold  of  seynt  walery  of  the  yft  Confirma- 

of  Guido  a-boue  seyd,  of  the  seycT  halfe  marc*,  as  it  is  a-boue  stow!by°d~ 

1  6  rehersyd1  in  the  next  dede  a-fore  :  theyes  wytnes,  &  cetera.    And  Reginald  of 

St.  Valerie, 

is  wtt/i-out  date.  of  no.  16. 

1  '  Albredra  '  in  Latin. 


*Exchequer  MS. 
leaf  92,  back. 
About  1255. 


40  Berkshire:  North  Moreton 

[LANGFOED  :  see  Langford  in  Oxfordshire.] 
[NORTH  MOBETON.] 

[NOTE. — The  Godstow  lands  in  North  Moreton  were  held  by  tenants  on  payment 
of  quit-rents,  which  are  returned  at  £5  6s.  8d.  a  year,  both  in  1291  in  pope  Nicholas 
IV's  Taxatio  Ecdesiastica  and  in  1540  at  the  dissolution  (Monast.  iv.  374-5).] 

[19.     *  Charter  of  Osbert  Turpin  and  his  wife 
loan  of  North  Morton. 

Grant  to  Godstow,        OsBEKT  and  loan  Turpin,  for  the  welfare  of  themselves 
JoanS|rurpinn          anc^  ^or  ^ne  souls  °f  their  ancestors  and  successors,  gave 
of  the  mediety  of     to  Godstow  a  mediety  of  all  their  holding  in  North  Morton, 
viz.  of  7  yardlands,  4  being  in  demesne l,  and  3  in  villenage.  4 

In  demesne : — in  Est  felde  6  acres  which  are  called  Hang- 
indelond  on  the  east,  and  14  acres  against  the  ditch  on 
the  west,  and  in  middel  forlong  10  acres  towards  the  north 
and  10  in  Blakelond  next  the  north.  In  West  felde  22  acres,  8 
viz.  in  Northlongelonde  towards  the  north,  and  in  Westlongelond 
20  acres  towards  the  north  at  the  head  of  the  same  land  with 
a  '  furrow.'  And,  in  addition,  half  of  the  whole  messuage  which 
is  called  Parthes  2  next  the  north  and  half  of  all  the  meadow  j  2 
called  Souene  acre  on  the  south  and  half  of  the  meadow  which 
is  called  Riscroft  towards  the  north,  and  3  acres  of  meadow  in 
North  meade.  And  6d.  of  yearly  rent  at  Michaelmas  from 
Richard  Turepin  and  his  heirs.  16 

In  villeinage : — lohn  Suth,   with   all  his  land  and  all   his 
sequela  and  their  chattels ;    and   Matilda,  widow  of  Thomas 
Brun,  and  all  her  land  and  all  her  sequela  and  their  chattels  ; 
and  Alice,  widow  of  lohn  of  Withham,  and  all  her  land  and  all  20 
her  sequela  and  their  chattels. 

All  this  was  given  to  Godstow  in  free  alms,  to  be  held  by 
Godstow  by  i  Ib.  of  cumin  at  Michaelmas. 

Witnesses  : — Sir  Henry  Basset ;   Sir   Philip  of  Sanderuill ;  24 
Sir  "William  of  Seuekesworth ;  Sir  Henry  of  Baywerthe.] 


(a)  4  yard 
lands  in 
demesne, 


(&)  a  croft, 

(c)  certain 
meadows, 


(d)  and 
three  yard 
lands  in 
villeinage : 


tenure  = 
i  Ib.  of 
cumin. 


*  Exchequer  MS. 
leaf  92.    About 
1255. 


[20.     *  Charter  of  Henry  Basset  of 
Northmorton. 


Confirmation  to  God- 
stow,  by  Henry 
Basset,  feudal 


HENRY  BASSET  confirms  to  Godstow  the  gift  by  Osbert 
Turpin  and  his  wife  Joan  of  the  mediety  of  their  lands 
1  'In  dominicis,'  'in  villenagiis.'  2  'Pare'  in  no.  21. 


Berkshire:  North  Moreton  41 

belonging   to   his   fee  of  Northmorton.      For  this   con-  superior  of  no.  19. 

firmation  Godstow  gave  him  9  marks  of  silver.  Purchase  money, 

Witnesses  :—  Sir  William  of  Wyldesor  ;   Sir  Philip  of  £6' 
4  Sanderuill  ;    Sir  Henry  of  Bay  werth  ;    '  Sir  '    Nicholas, 
then  steward  of  Abingdon  ;    Peter  Torold  l  of  Oxford  ; 
Richard  Threstwald  of  Dunsingeton.] 

[21.     *  Charter  of  William  son  of  lolm  of  ^Exchequer  MS. 

__  leaf  93,  back. 

Northmorton.  About  1255. 

Said  William  for  the  health  of  his  soul  and  of  the  Confirmation  to 

8  souls  of  his  heirs  and  ancestors,  confirmed  to  godstow  William'  son  of 


the  gift  of  Osbert  Turpin  and  loan  of  Blebiri,  viz.  of  j£  ^  perhapsheir 

half  of  the  croft  called  pare  and  of  half]*  of2  the  vij.   no.  19. 

yerdis  of  lond1  with  ther  pMynentis  in  northmorton  :    To  Q£*WI-  MS>  leaf 

12  be  had?  and  to  be  hold1,  to  the  said1  mynchons  and  to  ther 
successours,  into  fre  and  p^rpetuett  almesse,  after  as  the 
charter  of  the  said1  Osbert  and  of  lohane  his  wyf  the 
which  they  made  therof  shewith  and  witnessith.  And  for 

16  this  graunte  and  conn  rmac  ion  of  this  charter,  the  forsaict1 

mynchons  yaf  to  hym  I  [half  3]  mark  of  siluer.     And  that  Purchase  money, 
this  his  graunte  sholcT  be  sure,  &  cetera  4.  6*'  M' 

[22.     *  Charter  5  of  loan  of  Blebiri,  formerly      *Exchequer  MS. 

•x.       *  *  T-      L   m  »  -*r     .LI.  leaf  92,  back, 

wife  of  Osbert  Turpin  of  Northmorton.  and  leaf  93. 

IOAN  of  Blebiri   in    her   lawful   widowhood,   for   the   ar£^t  to  Godstow, 
20  welfare  of  her   own  soul  and  of  the  soul   of  her  late  byJoan  of  Blew-  ' 
husband  Osbert  Turpin,   *  gave  to  Godstow  half  of  all   *  leaf  93. 
her  holding  in  Northmorton  with  all  its  pertinents,  viz.  of  the  other  half 
half  of  7  yardlands  (4  in  demesne  and  3  in"  villeinage),  to  jn  £o.  fp,  6£ 
24  be  held  by  Godstow  on  payment  of  i  Ib.  of  cumin  for  all 

services,  except  foreign  service;    and  confirmed  the  gift  and  confirmation 
,'  ."  .       a       at.         ir  of  the  former  gift. 

made  by  her  husband  and  herself. 

Witnesses  :  —  Sir  William  of  Wyndlesore  ;  Eobert  Basset  ; 
28  John   of  Hakeburne;    Philip   of  Sandrevile;    Hugh   of 
Kenetwode;  Milo  of  Morton;  James  of  Hauehunt6.] 

1  Peter  son  of  Torald  died  1257  :  Wood's  Seuekesworth  ;    Sir  Roger  of  Withtham  ; 
City  of  Oxford,  iii.  460.  Sir  Henry  of  Bayworthe  ;  James,  steward  of 

2  The   English   Register    begins    again  Godstow.  '  Sir,'  in  some  instances,  no  doubt 
after  a  lost  leaf.  describes  the  parish  priest,  not  a  knight. 

3  Added  from  the  Latin.  5  Given  in  duplicate. 

4  Witnesses      are  :     Sir    William      of  6  '  De  Hauncia/  in  the  duplicate. 


Berkshire:  North  Moreton 


*  Rawl. 
MS.  leaf 
92. 

About 
1265. 


Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  Milo 


feudal 
superior, 
of  no.  22, 
and  quit- 
claim of 
manorial 
rights. 


Purchase 
money, 
£5  6s.  8d. 


[23.]  *  A  Charter  of  Milo  Basset  of  Northmorton  re- 
myttyng1  and  quyte-claymyng1  to  the  abbesse  and 
mynchons  of  Godestowe  att  his  right  and  clayme 
that  he  had?  toward?  the  forsaid?  abbesse  and  myn- 
chons vpon  homage  and  relefe,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Milo  Basset  remitted1 
and  furthermore  quyte-claymed1,  for  hym  and  his  heires  for  euer, 
to  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  mynchons  there  seruyng1 
god1,  aH  the  right  and  clayme  that  he  had1  or  myght  haue  toward?  4 
the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  the  forsaid1  mynchons  vpon  homage, 
relefe,  warde,  and  sute  of  courte,  of  the  tenement  that  fei  held1 
of  hym  in  northmorton),  the  which  tenement  they  had1  of  the 
yifte  of  lohane  Turpyne  of  Blebyry,  So  that  nother  he  n other  8 
his  heires  myght  no  thynge  axe  after-ward1  of  the  forsaid1  abbesse 
and  mynchons  of  the  forseid1  homagis  relefis  wardis  and  sutis 
of  courte,  but  att  only  the  kyngis  seruyce,  as  they  were  I-wonyoT 
to  do  afore.     And  for  this  remyttyng1  and  quyte-claymyng1  the  12 
forsaid?  abbesse  and  mynchons  yaf  to  hym  viij.  mark  of  silver?. 
And  because  hit  shold  be  sure,  &  cetera1. 


*Exchequer  MS. 
leaf  92.  About 
1265. 


[24.     *  Charter  of  loan  of  Turevile  of 
Morton. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Joan 
Turevile, 
of  2  yard- 
lands, 

*  leaf  92, 
back, 
tenure  — 
pair  of 
gloves. 


IOAN   of  Turevile,.  in  her  lawful  widowhood,  confirmed  to 
Godstow  2  yardlands  in  the  fee  of  Morton,  viz.  a  yardland  which  16 
Thomas  of  Harewelle  once  held  to  farm  of  her,  and  a  yardland 
which  Alice  widow  of  Fulc  held,  to  be  had  and  held  by  God- 
stow  *  by  payment  of  i  pair  of  gloves  or  id.  at  Michaelmas  for  all 
service,  the  convent  also  making  said  loan  partaker  of  all  good  20 
deeds  and  alms  which  should  be  done  at  Godstow. 

Witnesses  : — Sir  William  of  Suuekewerthe ;  Sir  Roger  of 
Withtham ;  Robert  of  Botteleye ;  William  Calamund ;  James, 
steward  of  Godstow;  Henry,  porter.] 

[SEACOURT  or  SECKWORTH.] 

[NOTE. — Seuecurda,  Seukeworth,  Seckworth  (Wood's  City  of  Oxford,  i.  325-8),  and, 
more  recently,  Seacourt,  was  once  a  considerable  village  in  Berkshire,  between 
Wytham  and  North  Hincksey,  of  which  little  now  survives  except  the  name  (now 
pronounced  *  Sec-urth '  by  Wytham  folks).  Its  decay  probably  dates  from  the  con- 

1  Witnesses  :  Sir  Alan  of  Fernham,  Robert  of  Sandervill,  &c. 


Berkshire:  Sewkeworth  43 

struction  of  the  Seven  Bridges  Road  (formerly,  Botley  Causeway)  which  gave 
a  more  convenient  access  from  Oxford  across  the  many-streamed  Thames  valley 
to  the  road  to  Bath  and  the  west.  Before  that,  the  route  went  north  from  Oxford 
through  Walton  for  about  a  mile  ;  then  turned  westward  ;  crossed  the  main  Thames 
at  Binsey  ford  ;  and  thence  advanced  across  various  branches  of  Thames  by  bridges, 
whose  abutments  remained  till  living  memory,  to  Seukeworth,  just  south  of  the 
branch  of  Thames  which  parts  Oxfordshire  from  Berkshire. 

There  is  some  confusion  about  the  dates  of  the  de  Seukeworth  family.  Wood, 
basing  his  judgement  on  Brian  Twyne's  excerpts,  assumed  that  William  of  Seuke- 
worth gave  the  tithe  of  his  mills  (no.  25)  to  Godstow  at  the  foundation,  in  113$.  This 
cannot  be,  since  the  first  list  in  which  the  grant  is  mentioned  is  Henry  IFs  second 
charter  (no.  879),  i.e.  about  1165.  The  family  descent  seems  to  be  —  Robert  of 
Seukeworth,  about  1140;  William,  about  1165;  Robert,  1200;  Sir  William,  1230; 
Dionysia,  1260. 

The  church  (no.  27),  or  chapel-of-ease,  of  Seukeworth  was  a  benefaction  of  the 
family  to  Studley  Priory  in  Oxfordshire. 

At  the  dissolution,  1540,  Godstow  still  owned  (Monast.  iv.  375)  a  parcel  of  meadow 
called  Secourt  ham,  valued  at  35.  4^.  a  year,  and  then  reckoned  to  be  in  Wytham 
parish.] 


[25.]     *A  chartur  of  William  of  Sewkeworth  of  the 

tythe  of  ij.  mytt  &  dber  commodyteys  in  ye  same.       About 

1165. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  that  William  of  Sewekeworth  Grant  to 

willith  to  be  know  that  he  grauntyd  &  gaf  to  god  &  to  our>  j    WnHa 


lady  seynt  Marye,  &  to  the  churche  of  Godstowe,  &  to  the  holy  of  Sewke- 
4  mynchyns  there  seruinge  god,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  sowle,  &  of 
hys  chyldyrn,  &  of  hys  aunceters,  vfith  hys  wyfs  also,  the  whyche  as  a  nun's 
he  toke  *  to  kepe  to  the  forseyd  holy  mynchons  to  serue  god  :  —  the  tithes 


that   is   to  say,  he  grauntyd  &  gaf  to  the   holy  my[n]chons 
8  a-foreseyde  tethe  of  hys  too  Millis  of  Sewekeworth  in  corne,  grant  of 
money,  &  fysshes  ;  Also  v.  acris  of  hys  demayne  medewe,  namede  meadow. 
heahitte  2  ;  Also,  by  hys  owne  consent  &  meuynge  of  hymselfe 
&  of  hys  wyf,  Turstyne,  hys  sone  of  wedloke,  gaf  &  grauntyd  Also  con- 
12  to  the  forseyd  church'e  of  Godstowe  the  churche  of  esdome  &  a  ^^^ 
yerde  of  londe  of  hys  owne  demayne,  &  tythe  of  the  same  towne  son's  gift  of 
a-fore-sayd.     He,  hys  wyf,  &  hys  sone,  gafe  &  grauntyd8  alt  church  (no. 


these  thynges  to  be  hadde  for  euyr  in  almys  to  the  churche  of 
1  6  Godstowe,  And  gaf  goddys-curs  to  aft  aduersaries  &  by-nemers  4  tithe  in 
of  thys  gyft,  &  prayed  veniaunce  of  god1  to  falle  to  hem  :  these 
beynge  wytnes  :  &  is  wttA-out  date. 

1  '  Take  '  is  used  as  equivalent  to  'give.'  2  Latin  is  :  '  heaheite.' 

The  Latin  is  :  '  cum  uxore  mea,  quam  in  illis  3  In  margin  is  put  :  '  U  for  Sewkeworth.' 

praefatis  sanctimonialibus  ad  deo  servien-  *  Latin  is  :  '  ablatores.' 
dum  commisi.' 


Berkshire :  Sewkeworth 

[26.]  A  chartur  of  Eobert  of  Seuecorthe  for  the  same. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartu?  is,  that  Robert  of  Sevecowrthe 
gaf  &  grauntyd  &  cowfirmyd  with  hys  chartur,  vrith  the  assent 
of  hys  eyerys,  to  god  &  to  on?  lady  Seynt  Marie  &  to  seynt 
John  Baptist  of  Godstowe,  &  to  the  myrcchons  there  seruinge  4 
god,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  sowle,  &  of  hys  auncetwrs,  in-to  pure 
&  perpetual  almes,  tythe  of  hys  two  myllis  fuleree  in  Seve- 
cowrthe, &  that  hys  gyft  shulde  be  sure,  &  neuer  be  broke,  he 
made  hyt  stronge  by  settynge  to  of  hys  seele ;  these  beynge  8 
wytnes  :  &  is  wit/4-out  date. 

[NOTE. — The  mills  of  which  the  tithes  were  given  by  the  father  (no.  25)  were 
corn-mills  (the  Latin  having  'in  blach's  et  nummis  et  piscibus').  These,  in  the 
son's  gift,  must  be  different,  being  fulling-mills  for  the  felting  of  woollen-cloth 
('  decimas  duorum  molendinorum  meorum  fuleree  in  Seuecordta ').] 


44 

About 
12OO. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Eobert 
of  Seuke- 
worth,  of 
the  tithes 
of  two  full- 
ing-mills. 


*  Exchequer  MS. 
(second  leaf  after 
text).  About  1240. 


[27.     *  Grant  by  William,  lord  of  Seuekeworthe, 
to  the  church  of  St.  Mary  of  Sewkeworth. 


Grant  by 
William 
of  Sewke- 
worth, to 
the  church 
there,  of 
tithe  of  the 
meadow 
held  by 
Godstow 
(no.  25). 


I,  William  of  Seuekeworthe,  grant  to  the  church  of  Sewke- 
worth the  tithe  of  that  meadow  which  my  ancestors  gave  to 
Godstow,  and,  in  augmentation  of  the  tithes,  if  they  are  in-  12 
sufficient,  pasture  for  two  oxen  in  my  meadows  with  my  own 
oxen  in  wood  and  plain,  etc.,  and  the  half  of  the  water-course 
of  Dudwell.     Confirmed  by  the  seal  of  the  bishop  of  Salisbury. 
Witnesses : — Thomas,    then    vicar    of    Sewkeworth ;    William  16 
Moreton,    archdeacon    of  Berkshire   and   dean   of  Abingdon; 
Walter  of  Sewkeworth ;  Kobert  of  Boteley.] 

[WYTHAM.] 


[i.  Charters  about  Godstow  conduit.] 


*  leaf  III 
or  15. 
About 
1135. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Robert, 
son  of 
Vincent,  of 
a  site  near 


[28.] 


*  A  chartur  I-made  to  the  couent  of  Godstowe 
by  Robert  fi;t  vincent. 

THE   sentence  of  thys  dede    is,  that  Robert1  the  sone   of 
vyncent,  lord1  of  Wyhtham,  hath  grauntyd  &  confirmycT  to  the  20 
Mynchyns  of  Godstowe,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  soule  &  many  othyr 
rehersyd,  a  plase  to  make  an  hede  of  her  water  cundit,  to  haue 

1  See  his  gift  of  land  in  1 13!  (no.  4). 


Berkshire  :  Wytham  45 

for  euyr  vppon  hys  londe  the  whyche  lyeth  be-twene  the  londe  Wytham, 

of  the  churcli  of  Wyhtham  &  the  lond1  of  lohn  of  appelford1  in  collecting- 

the  secund1  furlonge  of  the  longe  more  toward  Wyhtham.     Also  reservoir, 

4  he  hathe  grauntyd  to  the  same  Mynchyns,  to  make  &  brynge  to  bring  the 


the  seyde  water  cundit  to  the  cowrt  of  Godstowe,  as  wel  by  hys 
arable  lond1,  Medewe,  &  al  maner  londes  of  hys  tenauntes  for   his  lands. 
euyr,  vndur  the  same  condiczon  that  the  damage  in  the  defaute 
8  of  the  reparacion  *  of  the  same  mow  be  satysfyecT,  as  it  is  seyd1  in   *  leaf  III 
the  dede  next  a-fore  l.     And  is  wttA-out  date.  back.' 

[29.1     a  chartur  of  Robert  calamunt  for  the  cundit.     About 

1135. 
THE  sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  that  Robert  Calannmt2  of  Grant  to 

Wyhtham   hath  grauntyd1  &   confermycT  to  the  Mynchyns  of  GyKob7rt 
12  Godstowe  free  lycence  to  make  a  cundit  to  he?  cowrt  of  God-   Calamunt, 

of  rights,  as 

stowe  bothe  by  hys  arable  londe  &  also  by  hys  medewe,  vndur  in  no.  28. 
the  condicion  that  they  satisfye  &  make  good1  to  hym  thorow 
whose  londys  they  make  he?  cundyt  for  the  harmys,  by  the 
J6  discrescion  of  neyburs,  for  his  hurt  in  the  defaute  of  reparacion 
of  the  same  :  &  is  with  out  date. 

[30.]     *  a  chartur  of  Robert  Newman  made  to  f>e  couent  *  Jeaf  in 

of  Godestowe  of  fe  cundit  at  wytham.  About 

1200  ?. 
THE  sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  how  that  Robert  Newman   Grant  to 

of  wyhtham  yaf  and  grauntyd,  in  pure  &  perpetual  almys,  for  ^°^b^t 
20  hym   &   hys   eyrys,   to   the   Mynchyns    of    Godstowe   &   here  Newman, 
successours,  a  parcefl  of  lond1,  xij.  fete  of  lengyth  &  x.  of  brede, 
in  largeing1  &  augmentynge  the  hede  of  the  cundyte  &  for  the  of  an  en- 
howse  byldynge  there-vppon,  the  whyche  hede  was  grauntyd1  of  Ofthereser- 
24  Robert  the  sone  of  Vincent,  as  hyt  shal  be  more  playnly  shewyd1  voir-site, 
in  the  next  dede  folowynge3,  with  fre  entres  and  re-intres  to 
belde  &  repayre  the  same.     Also  he  grauntyd  that  the  forsayd1  and  right 
Mynchyns  mowe  repayre  &  amend1  the  forseyd1  cundyt,  aftur  he?  repair/ 
28  owne  wyft,  as  oft  as  nede  requiryth,  so  that  for  the  harmys  be 
made  auiendes  by  the  dyscresion  of  Neyburs  to  hem  that  be  hurtyd 
by  occasyon  of  suche  reparacion,  &  cetera.   And  is  with-out  date. 

[NOTE.  —  I  take  this  conduit  to  be  for  the  supply  of  drinking  water  to  the  nunnery. 
Somewhere  beyond  the  village  of  Wytham,  a  reservoir  seems  to  have  been  con- 
structed to  catch  one  of  the  springs  which  gush  out  of  the  foot  of  the  Berkshire 

1  Now  no.  29.        a  Probably  the  same  as  Robert,  son  of  Vincent.        8  Now  no.  28. 


46  Berkshire:  Wytham 


hills.  Mr.  H.  Hurst  points  out  the  difficulty  of  supposing  engineers  at  that  date 
to  be  capable  of  conducting  a  stream  of  water  under  the  branches  of  Thames  which 
lie  between  Wytham  and  Grodstow.  But  Oseney  Abbey  (Wood's  City  of  Oxford,  ii.  205) 
was  supplied  by  a  reservoir  at  North  Hincksey,  and  portions  of  the  lead-pipe 
(enclosed  in  stone),  by  which  the  water  was  conveyed  across  the  Thames  valley 
and  probably  under  the  streams,  have  been  dug  up  in  modern  times.  Otho 
Nicholson's  conduit  (Wood,  i.  441)  at  Carfax,  built  in  1610,  of  which  the  reservoir- 
house  still  stands  on  the  slope  of  Hincksey  hill,  is  a  later  and  more  famous  example. 
Mr.  Hurst  has  drawn  my  attention  to  a  remarkable  work,  to  supply  the  tanks 
within  the  nunnery  enclosure  and  the  large  fishponds  outside.  To  the  west  of 
Godstow  there  is  a  small,  winding  branch  of  Thames,  called  'Wytham  brook.' 
From  this,  by  a  straight  artificial  canal,  a  stream  of  water  was  led  along  most  of  the 
west  side  of  the  gardens,  parallel  to  the  convent.  When  near  the  south-west  corner, 
this  canal  turned  sharply  eastwards,  was  brought  under  the  west  wall  by  a  fourteenth- 
century  arch  (which  still  remains),  formed  within  the  court  two  largish  baths  or 
ponds,  passed  through  the  east  wall  by  an  arch,  no  doubt  fed  the  fishponds  (which 
had  one  arm  65  yards  by  9  yards,  another  23  yards  by  8  yards,  both  of  about  4  feet 
deep  :  all  filled  up  in  1887)  which  lay  just  south  of  the  convent ;  and  thence  escaped 
to  the  Thames  by  a  channel  which  was  filled  up  in  1885.  This  was  called  the 
1  Sanctuary  Stream.'  The  field  enclosed  between  this  stream  on  the  west  and  the 
convent  buildings  on  the  east  is  called  <  Sanctuary  Field ' ;  that  west  of  it  is  called 
'Sentry  Field,'  probably  from  memory  of  the  1645-6  campaigns.  At  the  point 
where  Sanctuary  stream  leaves  Wytham  brook,  an  elm-tree  was  blown  down  in 
1899.  The  cattle,  trampling  over  the  spot,  brought  out  the  foundations  of  a 
rectangular  building  which  had  no  doubt  been  erected  to  keep  the  water  in  the 
canal  at  a  just  level.  Mr.  Hurst,  who  made  the  discovery,  thinks  that  this  is  the 
'  head '  described  in  no.  28.  I  do  not  agree,  for  I  cannot  find  here  any  '  arable  land,' 
for  the  crossing  of  which  (nos.  28,  29)  permission  had  to  be  obtained.  I  must,  how- 
ever, add  that  Mr.  Hurst  opines  that  the  levels  of  the  water  round  Godstow  have  been 
greatly  altered,  and  that  lands  now  meadow  may  have  been  formerly  plowable.] 

[2.  Dispute  about  tithe  at  Wytham.] 

*ieaf  HI  or  [31.]  *  A  chartwr  I-made  by  dyuers  iuggys  a-geynst  J>e 
124$.,  person  of  wyhtham. 

Commis-  ^HE  sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  that  the  Prior  of  seynt  lamys 

sioners  Of  Northampton  had  receyuyd  a  maundment  of  Gregori  pope,  as 
byPpope  hyt  a-peryth  by  the  wrytyng1  there  "  Nouerit  vniuereitas  vestm 
M^rch^f '  me  mandatuw  domini  pape,"  &  sequitur,  4 

1241,  to  Gregorius  episcopws  seruus  seruorwm  dei,  how  that  Robert, 

a  tithe-suit,  person  of  wyhtham,  shewyd  to  hym  &  playnyd  that  the  Abbas 
of  Godstowe  &  here  couent,  lohn  lucy,  prest,  Roger  wytham,  & 
othyr  clerkes  &  lay  men  of  the  diocesis  of  Lincolne  &  Salisbury,  8 
wrongyd  hym  &  dyd  vnryht  to  hym  vpon  certen  possessions, 
tethys,  dewteys  &  othyr  thynges ;  wherefore  oure  holy  fadur  the 
pope  be-fore  rehersyd  comraaundid1  that  the  seyd  Prior  of  seynt 


Berkshire  :  Wytham  47 

lamys  shuld1  calle  the  partyes  &  here  the  cause  by-twene  hem,   [Form  of 
appele  put  a-syde,  wronge  &  vnryhtful  wMholdynge  cesynge; 


&  that  he  shuld  make  a  dewe  ende  by-twene  hem.     Also,  that  Pa.Pal  com- 

mission.] 
4  that  he  decreyd1  &  ordeynyd1  be-twene  hem,   he  shold1  charge 

ferme  &  stabiliche,  to  be  kej^d  by  the  censur1  of  the  churche. 

The  wytnes  that  be  callyd1,  yf  they  wytHdrawe  hem  to  sey  the 

trowth,  for  fauor,  haterede,  or  drede,  that  he  shuld  constreyne 
8  hem  vndur  peyne  of  curse,  appele  ceassynge  &  set  a-syde.    I-gyf 

at  sent  lohn  lateranense,  the  Modur  churche  of  rome,  the  syxt  [27  March, 

kalerales  of  aprile  the  xv.  yere  of  hys  popehede. 

By  the  autorite  of  thys  maundeme^t,  the  seyd  prior  before 
12  callyd  the  Abbas  of  Godstowe  &  her1  couent  a-fore  hym  aftur  the 

ordyr  of  lawe.     A-geynst  whom  the  seyd   Robert,    person   of  Robert, 

wyhtham,  purposyd  hys  entent  in  thys  maner.     Robert,  person 


of  wyhtham,  seyth  a-geynyst  the  Abbas  &  couent  of  Godstowe  claimed 

1  6  that  they  a-geynst  sey1,  a-yeynst  ryht,  to  pay  to  hym,  &  to  hys  &  croft  in 
churche,  tethys  comynge  forth  of  a  croft  callyd  wydehey  with-ia.  Wy*b«Bi 
the  boundes  termys  or  markys  of  hys  churche  of  Wyhtham, 
&  longynge  to  hym  aftur  the  comyn  lawe  :  for  thys  cause,  he 

20  askyth  the  seyd  Abbas  &  couent  of  Godstowe  to  be  constreynyde, 
by  censu?  of  the  churche,  to  a  graunt  to  be  made  of  the  seyd 
tethys  to  hym  &  to  hys  churche.  Also  he  askyth  in  the  name 
of  arreragis  of  tethys  take  of  the  seyd?  crofte  for  vj.  yerys  passyd  and  arrears 

24  xviij.  shillings  aftur  estymacion,  the  whych  he  desyrythe  the  years. 
seyd  Abbas  &  Couent  to  be  condempnyd  in  by  the  arbitriment    . 
of  the  forseyd  pn'or  :  furthyrmore  makynge  a  -protestacion  that, 
yf  hyt  be  shewyd?  in  ony  wyse  the  seyd  Abbas  &  couent  to  be 

28  free  &  excusycT  by  ony  special  prmilege  for  2  the  *  grauntynge  of  *leaf  IIII 
the  seyd?  tethys,  that,  as  the  lawe  iuggyth,  he  to  leue  of  hys  or  ie* 
askynge  &  peticion.     To  whose  intent  was  it  answeryd1  in  thys 
maner  :  —  The  Abbas  &  couent  of  Godstow  seyn  that  the  place 

32  markyd?  or  shewyd?,  aftur,  &  in  entent  of,  the  seyd  person,  actor 
&  doer,  is  not  we'tA-in  the  bondes  of  hys  parisshe  of  wyhtham,  & 
so  he  may  not  aske  tethys  ther-of  by  the  commune  lawe  ;    &,  yf  Godstow 
the  same  place  be  witA-in  the  boundes  of  the  seyd1  parisshe,  they  exemption, 

36  be  not  bound1  to  pay  the  tethys  of  hyt,  for  hyt  is  '  nouale/  that  J^^ 
is  to  sey,  a  feld  yerly  tyllycT,  or  ellys  euyry  othyr  yere.     Also  because 
they  byn  excusyd?  &  prmilegid1  by  the  pope  fro  the  graunt  of  is  novale. 
1  i.  e.  refuse  :  '  contradicunt.'  2  Read  '  from.' 


48  Berkshire:  Wytham 

suche  tethis ;  &,  to  preue  thys,  they  haue  shewyd?  in  iuggement 
the  prmylege  of  the  pope  excusynge  hem  fro  the  payment  of 
tethys  of  feldys  yerly  or  euery  othyr  ye?  uraned11.  It  was  askyd? 
of  the  seyd  person  whethe?  the  seyde  place  we?  of  suche  condicion  4 
or  none.  "With  hys  owne  mowf>e  he  seyd :  so 2.  And  vppon  thys 
they 3  browht  forth  wytnes  more  in  euyry  excepcion 4  to  preue 
that  it  was  so.  Then,  whenne  hyt  was  shewyd  that  the  seyd 
person  preuyd1  nothynge  of  hys  entent,  &  hyt  was  shewyd  opynly  8 
by  confession  made  of  the  part  in  iuggement,  &  what  by  laweful 
preuynge  &  by  preuylege  of  the  pope,  that  they  shuld  be  cler 
fro  gyfynge  of  such  maner  tethys,  we  haue  gyf  for  the  sake  of 
god1  the  sentens  in  thys  maner.  12 

In  nomine   patris   &   f[ilii]  &  sfpiritus]  s[ancti]  amen. 
Visis  &  inspectis  &  ce[tera~\. 

Decision  in  By  the  autorite  of  ou?  holy  fadur  the  pope  we  assoyle  &  lowse, 
r^dT  °f  sentencially  &  by  iuggement,  the  Abbas  &  couent  of  Godstowe 
&  he?  successours,  in  the  name  of  the  monastery,  fro  the 
vnryhtful  askynge  of  the  seyd1  Robert,  person  of  the  churche  of  16 
wyhtham,  of  the  gefynge  of  tethys  askyd,  &  we  put  hym,  hys 
successours,  &  hys  churche,  to  perpetual  silence  vppon  askynge 
of  the  seyd  tethys. 

To  the  whyche  wrytynge  hys  seel  I-put  to  is  wytnes:    The  20 
yere  of  the  incarnacion  of  our  lorde  a  thowsanct1  two  hundurcT 
&  fowrty.     iiii°.  Jdus  februarij  in  the  church  of  seynt  petur  at 
Nor  theham  pton . 


[3.  Early  charters  about  lands  in  Wytham.] 

[NOTE. — At  the  dissolution,  1540,  the  only  piece  of  Godstow  property  separately 
noticed  (Monast.  iv.  375)  is  l  Our  Lady's  House/  rented  at  los.  The  other  Godstow 
lands  in  this  parish  were  no  doubt  reckoned  in  with  lands  in  Wolvercote  as  forming 
the  home-farm  of  the  convent,  as  described  in  Monast.  iv.  376.] 

1  The  translator  has  blundered  over  the  plaintiff  '  an  dictus  locus  esset  novale,  con- 
contraction-form  '  immunes,'  and  made  it  fessus  fuit  in  iudicio,  viva  voce,  quod  novale 
'  unmed.'      The   clause  in  the  Latin    is :  fuit  pars.' 
et  ips[a]e  immunes  suwt  a  petfitione  deci-  8  i.  e.  Godstow* 
marum  de  noualibus.'  *  Latin  :  '  omni  exceptione  maiores/  i.  e. 

a  Bead   probably  '  Some,'  i.  e.  '  partly/  too  weighty  to  be  cavilled  at. 
The  Latin  is  :  when  it  was  asked  of  the 


Berkshire  :    Wytham  49 

[32.]     *  A  chartur  of  vincent  of  wyhtham  for  *  leaf  III  or  15, 

the  londe  of  Myddylhey.  back'   About  neo' 

THE  sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  that  Vincent  of  Wyhtham  hath   Confirma- 
grauntyd  &  confermyd  to  the  Mynchyns  of  Godstowe  the  londe 


that  is  callyd  midelei,  the  whyche  Robert  hys  fadur  gaf  to  the  by  Vincent, 

4  seyd  Mynchyns,  in  perpetual  almys,  with  hys  thre  dowhters  in  tham,  of 

the  same  place  Mynchyns.     Also  he  hathe  grauntyd,  -with  assent  giftfofhers 

&  consent  of  mold1  hys  wyfe  &  hys  eyrys  *,  to  the  seyd  Mynchyns,  Middle-el 

with  hys  two  dowhters  there  I-sacryd?  to  god,  v.  acrys  of  medewe  dower]  and 

8  of  hys  owne  herytage,  the  whyche  medewe  is  callycT  reuenere,  £^0^  a 

with  alt  the  purtenaunce,  frely,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  sowle  &  (Revenere 

[Nun's 

auncet-wrs  :  &  is  with-out  date.  dower]. 

[NOTE.  —  The  Latin  is  printed  in  Monast.  iv.  363  :  Witnesses  are  Vincent's  sons 
Robert,  William,  and  John.  The  father  Robert's  gift  was  made  at  the  foundation 
(no.  4).] 

[33.]     *A  chartur  of  "Roger  abbot  of  abendon  of          *ieaf  vior 
J>e  londe  callyd1  pedderysham. 


THE    sentence   of   thys   chartur   is,    that   Roger,    Abbot   of  G-rant  to 
12  Abendon,  &  alt  the  couent  of  be  same  place,  by  her  commune   podstow» 

by  Abing- 

assent  yaf  &  grauntyd1  to  the  Mynchons  of  Godstow,  for  the  don  abbey 


loue  of  god  &  askynge  of  the  kynge,  in-to  perpetual  almys,  the  amx)t)  II75_ 

londe   that   is    callid    pedderesham.      Thys   londe   is   nyhe    &  84)> of  a 

16  boundynge  to  the  gardyn  of  the  Mynchons,  conteynynge  v.  acris,  on  petition 

&  they  willid  that  these  v.  acris  sholde  be  firme  &  clene  with-  ofHenryIL 
out   ony   c[h]alenge  to    the   seyd  Mynchons  for  euyr ;    &   is 
with-out  date. 

[4.  Later  Charters  about  lands  in  Wytham.] 

[34.]    *  A  Charters  of  Richard?  leodewyne,  of  wightham,   *  ieaf  199. 
and  Alice  his  wyf,  confermyng1  to  Thomas  Pacokes 


2 
a  mesuage  with  a  crofte  and  half  an  acre  of  arrable 

lonoT  in  the  towne  of  wyghtham. 

20      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Richard1  leodewyn^ 2  of  Grant  ta 
wyghtam  and  Alice  his  wyf  hath  yovene  and  grauntecT  and  by 

1  An  initial  '  h '  has  been  erased.  dewyn's     Lane,'      '  Jaudewin's     Market 

2  This  name  is  of  Oxford  interest,  as       (Wood's  City  of  Oxford,  i.  132,  371). 
giving  a  reasonable  derivation  of  'Jaw- 


50 


Berkshire :    Wightham 


Pacokes, 
by  Richard 
and  Alice 
Jeodewyne, 
of  a  mes- 
suage,croft, 
and  half- 
acre, 


subject  to 
quit-rent 
to  Cale- 
mondes- 
place, 
and  to  the 
ward  of 
Windsor, 
Id. 


tliere  present  chartire  conformed1  to  Thomas  Pacokes  a  mesuage 
witfi  a  Crofte  and  an  half  acre  of  arrable  loncT  liyng1  in  the  towne 
of  wygtham,  which  they  had1  of  the  yifte  and  graunte  of  Symond? 
leodewyne,  the  whicn  is  sette  bitwene  the  mesuage  of  Henry  4 
Bolters  toward  the  Sowthe,  and  bitwene  the  lond1  of  Richard1 
Foxe  toward1  the  Not  the :   To  have  and  to  hold1  att  the  forsaid? 
mesuage,  witfi  the  forsaid1  Crofte  and  half  acre  of  arrable  lond1, 
witH  att  his  other  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Thomas  his  heires  8 
and  his  assignes,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee,  by  seruice  dewe 
and  of  right  accustomed1,  for  ever  more,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to 
the  lord1  of  a  messuage  whicli  is  called1  Calemondesplace  viij.  d?. 
at  the  tmnes  of  Seynt  Thomas  the  appostle,  the  Annunciacion)  12 
of  oure  lady,  the  Natiuite  of  Seynt  lolin  Baptist,  and  Seynt 
Michett  the  Archaungett,  by  evyne  porcions ;  And  to  the  warde 
of  wyndesore,  whan  hit  comytli,  at  every  terme  I-sette  by  the 
yere,  i.  ofoolus,  For  att  other  seruycis.     And  the  forsaid1  Richard1 16 
and  Alice  his  wyf  and  ther  heires,  att  the  forsaid1  mesuage  with 
the  forsaid1  crofte  and  half  acre  of  arrable  lond1,  witfi  att  ther 
other  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Thomas  his  heires  and   his 
assignes  ayenst  att   maner  of  peple  shatt  waranti3e  for  ever-  20 
more.      In  witnesse  wherof  to  this  present  chartir  they  sette 
to  there  scales.      Thise   beyug1  witnesse,  Robert  of  wygtham, 
william  of  Sanford1,  Raaf  wheler,  Thomas   atte   Hole,  waiter 
Mason),  Symond1  Corpel,  and  many  other.     The  date  at  wygt-  24 
ham,  the  xxix.  day  of  luyn),  In  the  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng» 
Edward1  the  thirde  after  the  conquest 


Febr.  3. 


Grant  to 

William 

Brothur, 

by  Thomas 

Pocokes, 

*  leaf  199, 

back. 

of  Carter's- 

place  (no. 

34). 


[35.]  *  A  Charters  of  Thomas  Pocokes  of  wytham 
confermyng1  to  william  Brothure  of  the  same,  and 
Edithe  his  wyf,  Luce  and  Alexandre  theire  childreS), 
a  mesuage  and  an  acre  of  arrable  lond;  to  the  same 
mesuage  liyng1,  in  wytham,  called?  Cartersplace. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Thomas  Pocokes  of 
Wytham  hatfi  yoven)  and  graunted1  and  by  his  present  charter  28 
confermed1  to  William  Brothure  of  the  same,  and  to  Edithe  his 
wyf5,  Luce  and  Alexandre  *  theire  children),  a  mesuage  and  an 
acre  of  arable  lond?  liyng1  to  the  same  mesuage,  in  wytham 
aforsaicT,  the  whiche  is  called?  Cartersplace,  and  hit  is  I-sette  32 


Berkshire  :    Wightham  51 

next  the  mesuage  that  is  called1  Boltaresplace  :  To  haue  and  to 
holde,  the  forsaid1  mesuage  and  the  said1  acre  of  loEcTwftA  alt  his 
pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  William,  Edithe,  Luce  and  Alexandra 
4  and  to  theire  heires  and  to  theire  assignes,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of 
that  fee,  by  seruycis  therof  dewe  and  of  right  accustomed1,  for 
evermore.  And.  the  forsaid1  Thomas  and  his  heires  the  forsaid1 
mesuage  and  the  seid1  acre  of  lond1  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  * 

8  the  forsaid!1  William,  Edithe,  Luce,  and  Alexandre,  and  to  there 
heires  and  theire  assignes,  ayenste  aft  maner  of  peple  shaft 
warantije  and  defende  for  ever-more.  In  witn<sse  wherof 
to  this  present  charter  he  sette  to  his  scale.  These  beyng1 

12  witnesse,  Robert  of  Wytham,  Sire  waiter,  person)  of  the  chirche 
of  wytham,  Symond  Cogbel,  Thomas  of  wormenhale,  Clerk,  and 
many  other.  The  date  at  wytham,  the  Sonday  next  aftir  the 
fest  of  the  Purificacion)  of  oure  Lady  seynt  Marie,  In  the  yere 

16  of  the  reigne  of  kyng-  Edward1  the  thirde  aftir  the  conquest  xliiij*1'. 

[36.]     A  Chartere  of  Symond?  leodewyne  of  wyghtham  1378, 
confer  myng1  to  Kaynold?  atte  wykes  and  to  william  June  6* 
atte  wykes  aH  his  place  in  wyghtham  and  half  a 
yerde  lond1  with  medis  lesues  pastures  and  aH  other 
pertynentis  longyng1  to  the  same  place. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Symond1  leodewyre  of  Grant  to 
wyghtham  yaf  graunted1  and  by  his  charter  confermed1  to  Ray- 
nolcT  atte  wykes  and  to  william  atte  wykes  aft  his  place  in 
20  wyghtham   afcrsaid1,  and  one  half  yerde  of  lond1,  witn  meclis,  of  a  mes- 
lesues,  pasturis,  and  aft  other  pertynentis,  liyng1  to  the  same 
place  :  Whiche  forsaid1  place  is  called1  yonge  Calemondesplace  : 


To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the  forsaid1  place  and  half  yerde  lond1,  with   Caie- 

24  medys,  lesues,  pasturis  and  other  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  piace. 

Raynold1  and  william  and  to  theire  heires  and  theire  assignes, 

Of  the  chief  lordis  of  that  fee,  by  seruyce  therof  dewe  and  of 

right  accustomed1,  for  evermore.     And  the  forsaid1  Symond1  and 

28  his  heires  the  forsaid1  place  and  half  yerde  lond1,  with  medys, 

lesues,  pastures  and  other  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Reynold1 

and  William  and  to  there  heires  and  there  assignes  ayenste  aft 

maner  of  peple  shaft  warantije  for  evermore.     Also  the  forsaid1 

32  Syir.oncTyaf  and  graunted1  vnto  the  same  Raynold1  and  william 

*  aft  his  goodes  and  catalles,  mevable  and  vnmeuable,  which  he   *  leaf  200. 

E  2 


Berkshire :    Wightham 


138|, 
Jan.  6. 


junior,  by 
Alexander 
Brothur, 

of  no  35. 


hacF  in  the  towne  and  feldis  of  wyghtham  aforsaid1  or  in  any 
other  place  in  any  wise  for  hens-forthe  to  be  chalenged1  of  them 
or  ony  of  them.  In  witnesse  whereof"  to  this  present  charters 
he  put  to  his  scale.  These  beyng1  witnesse,  Robert  of  wightham,  4 
Thomas  atte  hole,  william  Tatyn),  wilKam  Sandford1,  Thomas 
Padbury,  "Walter  Danndeseye,  Robert  Carter  and  others.  The 
date  at  wightham,  the  vjte.  day  of  luyne,  In  the  yere  of  the 
reigne  of  kyng1  Richard1  the  Seconde  after  the  conquest  the  First.  8 

[37.]  A  Charter  of  Alexandre,  the  sone  of  Edithe  late 
the  wyf  of  william  Brethere  of  wyghtham,  confer- 
myng1  to  Symond1  leodewyne  the  yonger  of  wight- 
ham, and  to  luliane  his  wyf,  a  mesuage  with  a 
crofte  and  half  an  acre  of  arable  lond1. 

Grant  to  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Alexandre,  the  sone  of 

Jeodewyne,   Edithe  late  the  wyf  of  william  Brether  of  wightham,    hath 
yoven)  and  graunted1  and  by  his  charter  confermed1  to  Symond1 
leodewyne  the  yongere  of  wightham  and  to  luliane  his  wyf  12 
a  mesuage,  with  a  crofte  and  half  an  acre  of  arable  lonct1  to  the 
same  mesuage  liyng1,  and  his  pertynentis,  in  wightham  aforsaiaT, 
which  mesuage  is  I-sette  bitwene  the  tenement  which  at  that 
tyme  Richard1  Bolles  held1  on  the  south  partye,  and  the  crofte  16 
called1  Chalcrofte  of  the  north  partie,   and  the  same  acre  of 
arable  lond1  lieth  in  the  same  crofte  :  To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the 
forsaid1  mese  and  Crofte,  with  half  an  acre  of  arable  lond1  and  the 
pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  SymoncT  and  lulian)  his  wyf  and  to  20 
the  heires  and  assignes  of  the  seicT  Symond1  for  evermore,  Of 
the  chief  lordis  of  that  fee,  by  seruyces  therof  dewe  and  accus- 
tomed1.    And  the  forsaicT  Alexandre  and  his  heires  the  forsaid1 
mese  and  crofte,  with  half  acre  of  arable  lond1,  and  his  perty-  24 
nentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Symond1  and  luliane  his  wyf  and  to  the 
heires  and  the  assignes  of  the  same  Symond1  ayenst  aft  maner 
of  peple  shaft  warantije  and  defende  for  euermore.    In  witnesse 
wherof  to  this  charter  he  sette  to  his  seale.     These  beyng1  wit-  28 
nesse,  Robert  of  wightham,  william  Tatyn),  Symond1  leodewyn) 
the  eldire,  Thomas  atte  hole,  Thomas  Padbury,  waiter  Daundesey, 
and  othere.     The  date  at  wyghtham,  the  vj.te  day  of  lanyvere, 
In  the  yere  of  kyng  Richard1  the  seconde  after  the  conquest  of  32 
EngloncT  the  vjte. 


Berkshire :    Wightham  53 

[38.]     A   relese   and    quyteclayme   of  Alexandre,    the  I38f, 

sone  of  Edithe  late  *the  wyf  of  william  Brethere  of  *iekf2oo, 
wightham,  I-made  to  Symond1  leodewyn)  the  yonger  back- 
of  wightham  and  to  luliane  his  wyf  [of]  all  the 
right  that  he  had1  in  a  mese  and  a  crofte  and  half 
acre  of  londe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  quyte-clayme  is,   that  Alexandir,  the  Quit-claim 
sone  of  Edith  late  the   wyf  of  william  Brether,   relesed?  and 
ali-wey  for  hym  and  for  his  heires  for  euermore  quyteclaymed1 

4  to  Symond?  leodewyn)  the  yonger  of  wightham,  and  to  luliane  Brothur,  of 
his  wyf,  and  to  the  heires  and  assignes  of  the  same  Symond1,  for  jn  no>  35. 
euermore,  att  the  right  and  clayme  which  he  had1  or  myght  haue 
in  any  maner  wise  in  a  mese  witft  a  crofte  and  half  an  acre 
8  of  arable  lond1  liyng1  to  the  same  witn  his  pertynentis  in  the 
towne  and  feldes  of  wightham,   So  that  neither  the'  forsaid1 
Alexandre,  neither*  his  heires,   nor  none  other  in  his  name, 
ony  maner  right  or  clayme  in  the   forsaid?  mese  with  crofte 

1 2  and  half  acre  of  arable  lond?  and  his  pertynentis  nor  in  no  parte 
therof  fro  hens-fortH  make  ony  chalenge  for  euer,  But  fro  att 
maner  of  right  and  clayme  in  the  same  by  this  present  writyng1 
for  euermore  to  be  vttirly  excluded1.  Furthermore,  the  forsaid1 

16  Alexandre  and  his  heires  the  forsaid1  mese  with  crofte  and  half 
acre  of  arable  lond?  and  his  pertyuentis  to  the  forsaid?  Symond? 
and  luliane  and  to  the  heires  and  assignes  of  the  same  Syinond? 
ayenst  att  maner  of  peple  shatt  waranti3e  for  euer.  In  witnesse 

20  wherof  to  this  presente  writyng1  he  hath  sette  to  his  scale. 
These  beyng1  witnesse,  Robert  of  wightham,  William  Tatyn), 
Syrnond1  leodewyn)  the  eldird,  Thomas  atte  hole,  Thomas  Pad- 
bury,  Walter  Daundeseye,  and  other.  The  date  at  wightham, 

24  the  xij.  day  of  lanyvere,  In  the  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1 
Richard?  the  seconde  after  the  conquest  of  Englond?  the  vjte. 

[39.]     A  Charters  of  william  Tatyn)  the  Elder  and  lohn  i38|, 
Missenden)   of   Abyndon)   conform yng1    to    Symond?  Jaa>  I0< 
ludewyn)  the   Yonger   of  wytham  there  tenement 
beyng1  in  the  towne  of  wytham  next  to  the  mese 
of  Richard?  Bollus. 
THE  sentence   of  this  charter  is,   that  william  Tatyn)  the   Quit-claim 

elder   and   lolin    Mussyndene    of   AbendoiD    hatti   yovefi)    and  Jeodewya 


54  Berkshire  :    Wightham 

junior,  by     grauntecT  and  by  there  present  charter  confermed1  to   Symond1 
ludywyne  the  yongere  of  wytham  a  tenement  beyng1  in   the 


Missenden  towne  of  wytham  next  to  the  mese  of  Richard1  Bollus  ;  To  haue 

husbands  and  to  hold1,  aft  the  forsaid1  tenement,  with  aft  his  pertynentis  4 

Brothm-^11  a^  about,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee,  to  the  forsaid1  Symond1 

widow  and  ^g  beires  or  his  assignes,  frely  quyetly  holy  wele  and  in  pease, 

no.  35),  rightfully  for  euermore,  by  seruyce   therof  dew  and  of  right 

of  aU  right  accugt0med!,     And   the   forsaid1  william   and  loTm   and  *  there  8 

in  no  3«. 

*  leaf  201.   heires  the  forsaid1  tenemente,  with  aft  his  pertynentis  aft  aboute, 
to  the  forsaid1  Symond1  his  heires  and  assignes,  ayenst  aft  maner 
of  peple  shaft  warantij  3  and  surely  defende  for  ever-more.     In 
witnesse  wherof  to  this  present  charter  they  sette  to  there  scales.  12 
These  beyng1  witnesse,  Robert  of  wytham,  waiter  Daundeseye, 
william   SanforcT,  Thomas  Padbury,   lohn  Pynche,  and  othere. 
The  date  at  witham,  the  x.  day  of   the  luoneth   of  lanyvere, 
In  the  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  Richard1  the  Seconde  after  the  16 
conquest  the  xij. 


1396,          [40J     A  Charter  of  Symond?  leodwyne  of  wightham  and 
June  21.  luliane  his  wyf  confermyng1  to  william  atte  wyk 

and  to  Raynold?  his  sone  an  acre  and  an  half  acre 
of  arable  lond?,  and  an  acre  of  mede,  &  cetera. 

Grant  to  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Symond1  leodwyne  of 

wightham  and  luliane  his  wyf  hath  yoven)  and  graunted1  and  by 


by  Simon      there  present  charter  confermed1  to  william  atte  wyk  and  to  20 
of  land  and  EaynolcT  his  sone  an  acre  and  one  half  acre  of  arable  lond?  and 
£oss?b°ly'as    one  acre  °^  me(^ej  wherof  one  half  acre  of  lond1  aforsaid1  lietft  in 
security  for  the   vppirmost   feld1  of  the  towne  of  wightham  towarde  the 
[vicar  of       Cotage  of  the  parson)  of  wightham,  and  one  half  acre  lietli  24 
Wytham's    in  the  Rede  lond1,  and  another  half  acre  lieth  in  DepforcT,  And 
half  an  acre  mede  lietli  in  the  mede  aboue  vndir  Godestowe, 
[yerde  =        and  a  yerde  of  mede  lieth  in   Schedday,  And  a-nothere  yerde 

mede  lieth  in  Horshey  :  To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the  forsaid1  ij.  acres  28 
and  half  acre  of  lond1  and  mede,  with  aft  theire  pertynentis, 
to  the  forsaid1  William  and  Raynold?  his  sone  and  to  there  heires 
and  assignes,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee,  by  seruyces  ther-of 
dew  and  of  right  accustomed1,  for  evermore.     And  the  forsaide  32 


Berkshire :    Wightham  55 

SymoncFand  luliane  and  there  heires,  the  forsaicFij.  acres  and  an 
half  of  lond1  and  mede  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaide 
william  and  RaynoloThis  song  and  to  there  heires  and  assignes, 

4  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple  shaft  warantije  for  evermore.  In 
witnesse  wherof  to  this  present  charter  they  have  putte  to  there 
scales,  Thise  beyng1  witnesse,  Robert  of  wightham,  william 
Tatyn),  Robert  Carter,  Thomas  Paddebury,  waiter  Daundeseye, 

8  Thomas  Pocok,  lohn  Lye,  and  other.  The  date  at  wightham, 
in  the  fest  of  whitsontyde,  In  the  yere  of  the  reigne  of 
kyngi  Richard1  the  second1  aftir  the  conquest  of  Englond1  the 
xix. 


[41.]  A  Charter  of  william  atte  wyk  and  of  Kaynold?  his  1398, 
sone  confer myng1  to  Symond?Ieodwyne  and  to  luliane     U1 

his  wyf  an  acre  and  an  half  *of  arable  lond?  and  an  * leaf  201, 

back 
acre  of  mede  in  Wightham. 

12      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  william  atte  wyk  and   Grant  to 
RaynolcT  his  sone  yaf  graunted1  and  by  ther  present  charter  jeSiewyne 
conformed?  to  Symond?  leodewyne  of  wightham  and  to  luliane  his  by  William 
wyf  an  acre  and  an  half  of  arable  lond1  and  an  acre  of  mede  :   of  land  and 

16  Wherof  one  half  acre  of  the  forsaid1  lomFliett  in  the  vppirmost  S 
felcf  of  the  towne  of  wightham  toward1  the  Cotage  of  the  parson) 
of  wightham,  and  anothere  half  acre  lieth  in  RedelonoT,   and 
another  half  acre  lieth  in  DepforcT,  And  half  an  acre  of  mede 

20  lieth  jn  the  mede  aboue  *  vndir  Godestowe,  and  a  yerde  mede 
lietfi  in  Shedday,  and  another  yerde  mede  lietfi  in  Horshey  :  To 
have  and  to  hold1,  the  forsaid?  ij.  acres  and  an  half  of  lond1  and 
mede,  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  SymonoT  and  luliane 

24  his  wyf  and  to  the  heires  and  assignes  of  the  forsaid?  SymoncT, 
frely  to-gedir  and  in  pease  for  euer-more,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of 
that  fee,  by  seruyce  therof  dew  and  of  right  accustomed1.  In 
witnesse  wherof  to  this  present  charter  they  sette  to  ther  scales. 

28  These  beyng1  witnesse  ;  Robert  of  wightham,  william  Tatyn), 
Robert'  Cartere,  waiter  Daundeseye,  Thomas  PokoE,  and  other. 
The  date  at  wightham,  in  the  fest  of  the  holy  Trynyte,  In  the 
yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  Richard1  the  second1  after  the  conquest 

32  of  EngeloncTxxj. 

1  i.  e. '  above  Under-Godstow,'  a  part  of  the  village. 


56 


Berkshire :    Wightham 


1404, 

Aug.  10. 


Grant  to 
Simon 
Jeodewyne 
by  William 
Caldecote, 
of  a  portion 
of  the  land 
described 
in  no.  40. 


*  leaf  202. 


1408, 

July  8. 


Grant  to 
three  feof- 
fees by 
Simon 
Jeodewyne, 
of  aU  his 
lands  in 
Wytham, 
possibly  on 
mortgage. 


[42.]  A  Charts  of  william  Caldecote  of  Aylesbury  and 
of  Elizabeth  his  wyf  confermyng1  to  Symond1  lede- 
wyne of  wightham  an  acre  and  a  butte  of  arable 
lond?  and  a  butte  of  mede,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  William  Caldecote  of 
Aylesbury  and  Elizabeth  his  wyf  hathe  yoven)  and  grauntecT 
and  by  ther  present  chartire  conformed1  to  Symond1  ledewyne  of 
wightham  and  to  his  heires  and  his  assignes  an  acre  of  arable  4 
lond?  liyng1  in  Byrweye  in  the  feldis  of  wightham  called1  Carters, 
and  a  butte  of  arable  lond?  liyng1  in  Liteft  Chaleueye,  and  also  a 
butte  of  mede  liynge  in  Shorte  shuddaye  at  Stonelake,  strecchyng1 
hit-self  into  the  water  of  Thamyse :   To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the  8 
forsaid?  acre   and  butte  of  arable  lond1  and  the  forsaid?  butte 
of  mede,  witfi  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Symond1  and  to  his 
heires  and  to  his  assignes,  for  euermore,  Of  the  chief  lordis 
of  that  fee,  by  seruyce  therof  dewe  and  accustomed1.     And  the  12 
forsaid?  William  and  Elizabeth  the  forsaid1  acre  and  butte  of 
*arable  lond1  and  the  forsaid1  butte  of  mede  witn  his  pertynentis 
to  the  same  Syinond?  ledewyne  and  to  his  heires  and  to  his 
assignes  ayenst  al  maner  of  peple  shaft  waranti^e  and  defende.  16 
In-to  witnesse  of  the  which  thynge  to  this  present  charter  they 
sette  to  there  scales.     Thise  beyng1  witnesse,  Robert  wightham, 
Richard1  wightham,  Roger  FulbecK,  Thomas  PocoK,  lonn  Hote- 
hale,  and  other.     The  date  at  wightham,  the  x.  day  of  August,  20 
In  the  yeie  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  henry  the  Fourthe  after  the 
conquest  of  Englond1  the  vtfi. 

[43.]  A  Charter  of  Symond1  ledewyne  of  wightham 
grauntyng1  and  confermyng1  to  Kichard?  Bannebury, 
Richard?  Mountegu  and  lohu  Otale  aft  his  londes 
and  tenementis  that  he  had?  in  the  towne  and  feldes 
of  wightham. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Symond?  ledewyne  of 
wightham  yaf,  grauntect1,  and  by  his  present  charter  confermed1,  to  24 
Richard1  Bannebury,  Richard1  Mountegu,  and  lohn  Otale,  aft  the 
londes  and  tenementis  which  he  had?  in  the  towne  and  feldes  of 
wightham  aforseicT;  To  haue  and  to  hold1,  aft  the  forsaid?  londes 
and  tenementis,  rentes  and  seruycis,  witn  meclys  lesues  and  28 


Berkshire  :    Wightham  57 

pasturis,  and  aft  ther  other  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid?  Richard? 
Bannebury,  Richard?  Mountegu,  and  lohn  Otale,  yeldyng1  therof 
yerely  vnto  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee  seruyces  dew  and 

4  accustomed1;  And  the  forsaid?  Symond?  and  his  heires  aft  the 
forsaid?  londes  and  tenementis,  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  the 
forsaid1  Richard?  Bannebury,  Richard?  Mountegu,  and  loTm  Otale, 
[and]  to  ther  heires  and  assignes,  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple  shaft 

3  warantije   and   defende   for   euermore.     Into   witnesse  wherof 

vnto  this  present  charier  he  putte  to  his  scale,  These  beyng1 

witnesse  :  lohn  Eburton),  Richard?  Wightham,  lohn  Coventre, 

and  many  other.     The  date,  the  viij.  day  of  luyft,  In  the  yere 

12  of  the  reigne  of  kyng-  henry  the  iiij.  after  the  conquest  viij. 

[44.]     A  charter  of  lohn  Leyot,  deane  of  Chestire,  con-  1410, 
fermyng1  to  "William  Golafre  an  acre  of  arable  lond?  Sept>  H* 
called?  Carters  and  ij.  Buttis  of  lond?  and  mede  in  the 
feldis  of  Wightham. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  lolin  Leyot,  deane  of  Grant  to 
Chestire,  yaf,  graunted)  and  by  his  present  charter  conformed1,  to 


William  Golafre  an  acre  of  arable  lond1  called?  Carters  liyng1  in  by  John 
1  6  Byrweye  in  the  feldes  of  wightham,  witft  ij.  Buttis  of  lond1  and   of  land  and 


mede  liyng1  in  the  feldes  aforsaid1,  wherof  one  Butte  of  arable  J 

lond1  lieth  in  liteft  Chalueye,  *  And  another  Butte  of  mede  lieth  *  leaf  202, 

in  Shorte   shoddaye  at  StanelaE  and  hit  strecchitli  into  the     ao  ' 

20  watir  of  Thamyse  :  To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the  forsaid?  acre  of 
lond1  with  the  forsaid?  ij.  Buttis  and  aft  there  other  pertynentis, 
to  the  forsaid?  william  Golafre  and  to  his  heires  and  his  assignes, 
frely  to-gedire  and  in  pease,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee, 

24  by  seruyces  therof  dewe  and  of  right  accustomed1,  for  euermore, 
ydldyng1  therof  vnto  the  forseid?  lohn  Leyot,  his  heires,  and  to  his 
assignes,  in  the  fest  of  Seynt  Migheft  the  archaungeft  ij.  d?.  cfoolus  Quit-rent, 
of  yerely  rente  duryng1  euermore  for  aft  others  seruyces  and  2*  ' 

28  demaundes.  And  the  forsaicT  lolin  Leyot  and  his  heires  the 
forsaid1  acre  of  arable  lond1  with  the  forsaid?  ij.  Buttis  of  lond1  and 
mede,  with  aft  there  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  william  Golafre 
and  to  his  heires  and  his  assignes  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple 

32  shaft  warantije  and  defende  for  euer  in  the  forme  aboueseid1. 
In  witnesse  wherof  to  this  present  chartire  he  sette  to  his  scale, 
These  beyng1  witnesse  :  lohn  Golafre,  Edinond?  Spersholt,  Richard? 


58 


142f, 

March  3. 


Grant  to 

John 

Woderove, 

byMargery, 

widow  of 

Simon 

Jeodewyne 

and  now 

wife  of 

Robert 

Schelles- 

tonof 

Buckland, 

Berkshire, 

of  Carter's- 

place,  as 

in  no.  34. 


*  leaf  203. 

Utt, 

Febr.  22. 


Grant  to 
John 

Woderove, 
by  two 
feoffees, 


Berkshire:   Wightham 

vvightham,  waiter  daundeseye,  Richard1  wodeford1,  lohn  Otale, 
Roger  Bosse,  and  other.  The  date  at  wightham,  the  xiiij.  day 
of  Septembre,  The  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng-  henry  the  Fourthe 
after 'the  conquest  the  xj**.  4 

[45.]  A  Charter  of  Hobert  Schellestori)  of  Bokelond1  and 
Margery  his  wyf  late  the  wyf  of  Symond1  ledewyne 
of  wightham  confermyng1  to  lohn  woderove  of 
wightham  and  to  Isabelle  his  wyf  a  mese  called1 
Cartersplace  in  wightham,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Robert  Schelleston)  of 
Bokelond?  and  Margery  his  wyf  late  the  wyf  of  SymoncT  ledewyne 
of  wightham  hath  yoven)  and  grauntecT  and  by  theirs  present 
chartir  conformed1  to  loftn  woderove  of  wightham  and  to  Isabelle  8 
his  wyf  a  mese  called1  Cartersplace,  in  wightham  aforsaid1,  which 
is  I-sette  bitwene  a  voide  place  called1  Bolters  of  the  South 
parte,  and  the  loncT  that  is  called1  Prynkeshalfacre  on)  the  north 
parte  :  To  haue  and  to  hold)  the  said1  mese  with  londis,  medis,  12 
lesues l,  and  pastures,  with  the  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  lolin 
woderove  and  Isabelle  his  wyf,  to  there  heires  and  there  assignes, 
for  euermore,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee,  by  seruyces  therof 
dew  and   of  right   accustomed1.     Into   witnesse  of  the  which  16 
thynge,  to  this  present  charter  they  sette  to  there  scales,  These 
beyng1  witnesse :    Thomas   Denton),    Richard  Burton),    Thomas 
Gibbes,  Richard1  ledewyne,  Migheft  Norton),  and  other.     The 
date  at  wightham,  the  third  e  day  of  'Marche,  The  yere  of  the  20 
reigne  of  knyge  henry  the  Sixte  aftir  the  conquest  the  vijtfi. 

[46.]  *A  Chartere  of  lohn  Wylcokys  and  Bichard? 
Smert  confermyng1  to  lohn  Woderove  of  wightham 
and  to  lohane  his  wyf  all  that  tenemente  with 
gardeyne  liyng1  to  in  wightham  called?  Cartersplace 
with  londes,  medis,  lesues,  pastures,  wodes,  with  att 
other  pertynentes. 

THE   sentence   of  this   charter   is,  that  lohn  wilcokys  and 
Richard1  Smert  hath  yoven),  and  by  there  present  charter  con- 
fermecT,  to  lolin  woderove  of  wightham,  and  to  lohane  his  wyf,  24 
att  that  tenement  with  gardeyne  liyng1  to,  in  wightham  aforsaid1, 
1  i.  e.  lesues,  leswes,  or  leasowes  —  pastures. 


Berkshire  :    Wightham  59 

called1  Carlersplace,  witli  londes  medowes  lesues  pastures  wodes  of  Carter's- 
and  alt  other  pertynentis  liyng1  to  the  same  tenement,  Which  fn^o.  34), 
the  forsaid?  lolin  wilcokkis  and  Richard1  late  had1  of  the  yifte  and  and  lands 

which  go 

4  feffement  of  the  forsaid1  loan  woderove  as  in  the  charter  of  the  with  it, 
same  lolin  woderove  to  them)  made  more  playnly  hit  appereth  : 
To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the  forsaid?  tenemente  with  gardeyne  liyng1  perhaps  as 
to,  londes,   medis,  lesues,  pastures,  wodis,  and   all  his  other 
8  perfcynentes,  to  the  forsaid1  lolbn  woderove  and  lohane  his  wyf 
and  to  ther  heires  and  assignes,  frely  quyetly  wele  and  in  pease 
for  euer,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee,  by  seruyces  therof  dewe 
and  of  right  accustomed1.     And  the  forsaid1  lohn  wilcokkis  and 

12  Richard1  and  ther  heires,  the  forsaid?  tenement  and  gardeyne 
liyng1  to,  londes,  medis,  and  all  other  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1 
Idhn  woderove  and  lohane  his  wyf  and  to  ther  heires  and 
assignes,  ayenst  all  maner  of  peple  shall  waranti3e  and  defende 

1  6  for  ever.  In  witnesse  of  the  whicn  thynge  to  this  present 
charter  they  sette  to  theire  scales,  These  beyng1  witnesse  :  lonn 
Golafre,  Squyere,  william  Fit3  waryne,  Hugh  Roose,  Thomas 
Deuton),  Henry  Lucas,  and  other.  The  date  at  wightham,  the 

20  thursday  next  before  the  fest  of  Seynt  Mathie  the  Appostle,  [St.  Mat- 
The  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kynge  henry  the  Sixte  after  the  Fe^  "  i 
conquest  of  Englond7  the  ixtfi. 

[47.]     A  Chartere  of  lohn   woderof   of  wightham   and  1442, 
lohane  his  wyf  confermyng'to  Richard?  Stonley  there  Nov'  5' 
cosyne  aH  that  tenement  with  gardeyne  liyng1  to,  in 
wightham,  called?  Cartersplace,  with  londes  medis 
lesues  pastures  and  aH  other  pertynentis. 

THE   sentence   of   this    charter    is,    that    lohn    woderof   of  Grant  to 
24  wightham  in  the  Counte  of  Berkshire  and  lohane  his  wyf  hath  stonley, 


yoven,  and  graunted1,  and  by  there  present  charter  confermed1  to 

Richard1  Stonley  ther  cosyne  all  that  tenement  witfr  gardeyne  of  Carter's- 

liyng1  to,  in  wightham  aforsaid1,  called1  Cartersplace,  with,  londes,  fn^o.  34) 

28  medis,  lesues,  pastures,  wodes,  and  all  other  pertynentis  longyng1 
to  the  same  tenement,  which  the  forsaid?  Idhn  and  luliane  late 
to-gedir  had?  of  the  yifte  and  feffemewt  *  of  lohn  Wylcokkys  and   *  leaf  203, 
Richard?  Smert  of  Bynsey,  in  the  towne  and  feldes  of  wightham 

3  2  aforsaid1,   as   in   a    charter   of  the   said?  lohn  wylcokkys   and 
Richard1  to  them  made  playnly  appereth.     Also  they  yaf,  and 


60 


and  of 
parcel  of 
Chalcroft, 


on  entail. 


1463, 

July  4. 


*  leaf  204. 

Grant  to 

Thomas 

Wilcocks, 


Berkshire :    Wightham 

grauntecP,  and  by  ther  present  chaiter  conformed?,  to  the  same 
Richard1  Stonley,  iiij.  Buttes  of  lond?  liyng1  in  the  north  parte  in 
Chalcrofte  in  wightham  aboueseid?:    To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the 
forsaid1  tenement,  gardeyne,  lond1,  medys,  lesues,  wodis,  and  his  4 
pertynentis,  and  the  forsaid?  iiij.  Buttis  of  lond1  in  Chalcrofte, 
to  the  forsaid?  Richard1  Stonley  and  to  the  heires  of  his  body 
lawfully-  begote,   Of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee,  by  seruyces 
therof  dew  and  accustomed1,  for  euer.     And  yf  hit  happe  the  8 
same  Richard?  Stonley  with  out   heire   of  his   body   lawfully 
begote  to  dye,  that  than  they  wolle  and  graunte,  by  this  present 
writyng',  that   the   forsaid1  tenemente,   gardeyne,   lond1,    mede, 
lesues,  wodes,  and  there  pertynentis,    And  also  the  iiij.  Buttis.  12 
of  lond?  in  Chalcrofte  aforsaid1,  shaft  remayne  vnto  kateryne,  the 
modir  of  the  forsaid1  Richard?  Stonley,  and  to  her  heires  and 
assignes  for  evere :  To  be  holde,  of  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee} 
by  seruyces  aboueseid1,  for  euer.     And  the  forsaid1  lohn  and  16 
lohane  his  wyf  and  ther  heires,  the  forsaide  tenemente  with 
gardeyne   londis   medis    lesues   wodes    and   there   pertynentis, 
And  also  the  forsaid1  iiij.  Buttes  of  lond1  in  Chalcrofte  aboveseid1, 
to  the  forsaid1  Richard?  Stonley  and  to  the  heires  of  his  body  20 
lawfully  begoten),  and  also,  for  defaute  of  such  heires  of  the 
same  Richard1  Stonley,  to  the  forsaid1  kateryne  Stonley  and  to 
her  heires  and  to  her  assignes,  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple  they 
shaft  warantije  for  ever.     In  witnesse  of  which  thyng1  to  this  24 
present  charter  they  sette  to  there  scales  :  These  beyng1  witnesse  : 
Robert  Harecourt,  knyght,  Richard  Harecourt,  Squyere,  william 
Gyles,  Richard?  Blakeman)  of  Eynesham,  Robert  Mulleward1  of 
the  same,  and  other.     The  date  at  wightham  aforseid1,  the  v.  day  23 
of  the  moneth  of  Nouembere,  The  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyug1 
Henry  the  vjte  after  the  conquest  of  Englond1  xxj^. 

[48.]  A  Charter  of  Richard?  Stonley  and  kateryne 
Stonley  confermyng1  to  Thomas  wylcokkis  Clerk 
att  that  mese  or  tenement  with  a  gardeyns  liyng1  to 
in  wightham  called?  Cartersplace  with  all  other 
pertynentis  longyng1  to  the  same. 

*  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Richard?  Stonley  and 
kateryne  Stonley  hath  yoveri),  and  grauuted1,  and  by  ther  present  32 
charter  confermed1,  to  Thomas  wylcokkis,  Clerk,  aft  that  mese  or 


Berkshire :    Wightham  61 

tenemente  witli  gardyne  liyng1  to,  whicTi  is  I-sette  in  wightham   by  Eichard 
in  the  Counte  of  Berkshire,  called1  Cartersplace,  witli  londes,  of°c^ter's- 
medis,  lesues,  and  pastures,  wodes,  and  alt  pertynentis  to  the  place, 
4  same  mese  or  tenement  perteynyng1  in  any  maner  wise :  which 
forsaid1  tenement  or  mese,  witli  alt  other  before  named1,  and  ther 
pertynentis,    the   forsaid1  Eichard1  late   had?  of  the  yifte   and 
feffement  of  lolin  woderof,  late  of  wightham  aforsaid?,  and  of 
8  lohane  his  wyf.     Also  they  yaf,  and  grauntecT,  and   by  ther 
present  charter  conformed1,  to  the  forsaid?  Thomas  iiij.  Buttes  of  and  of 
arable  lond1  liyng1  in  a  crofte  called1  Chalcrofte,  in  the  north  chalcroft 
parte  of  the  same  crofte,  in  wightham  aforsaid1 :  To  haue  and  to 

1 2  hold1,  the  forseid1  tenemente  or  mese,  with  gardeyne,  lond1,  medis, 
lesues,  pastures,  wodes,  and  alt  other  pertynentis,  And  also  the 
forsaid?  Buttes  of  arable  lond1,  witli  ther  pertynentis,  to  the 
forsaid?  Thomas  his  heires  and  to  his  assignes,  Of  the  chief 

1 6  lordes  of  that  fee,  by  seruyces  therof  dew  and  of  right  accus- 
tomed1, for  ever.  And  the  forsaid1  Richard?  and  kateryne  and 
ther  heires,  the  forsaid?  tenemente  or  mese  with  gardyne,  and 
also  the  forsaid1  iiij.  Buttis  of  lond1,  and  alt  that  is  before  I-named?, 

20  witTi  alt  ther  other  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Thomas  and  to  his 
heires  and  to  his  assignes,  ayenst  all  maner  of  peple  shall 
waranti^e  for  euer.  In  witnesse  of  the  which  thynge  to  this 
present  charter  they  have  putte  to  ther  scales,  These  beyng1 

24  witnesse  :  Thomas  Denton)  the  eldir,  Thomas  Denton)  the  yonger, 
William  lelys,  lolin  Langfeld1,  lolin  Denton),  and  other.  The 
date  at  wightham  aforsaid",  the  iiijt-h  day  of  luylt,  The  yere  of 
the  reigne  of  kyng1  henry  the  vj.  after  the  conquest  xxxj. 

[49.]     A   Charter   of  Thomas  wylcokkis,    Clerk,    con-  1465, 
fermyng1  to  Alexandre  Martyne,  Edmond?  Argenteine  Sept<  6' 
and  lohn  Rudyng'Clerkis  att  that  mese  with  gardeyne 
liyng1  to   called?  Cartersplace    with  londes,  medis, 
lesues,  pastures,  wodis,  vndirwodis  and  iiij.  Buttes 
of  arable  lon&with  all  ther  pertynentis  in  wightham. 

28     THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Thomas    wylcokkys,  Grant  to 

Clerk,  yaf,  graunted1,  and  by  his  present  charter  confermed1,  to  Thfmas by 

Alexandre  Martyne,  Edmond1  Argenteine,  and  to  lolin  Rudyng1,  Wilcocks, 
Clerkis,  alt  that  his  mese,  witli  gardeyne  liyng'  to,  in  the  towne 


62 


Berkshire :    Wiglitham 


*  leaf  204,  of  wightham  *  in  the  Counte  of  Berkshire,  callecT  Cartersplace, 

with  londes,  medis,  lesues,  pastures,  wodes,  vndirwodes,  and  aft 
of  Carter's- 
place, 


and  of 
parcel  of 
Chalcroffc. 


other  pertynentis  overall     And  also  he  yaf,  graunted1,  and  by 
his  charter  conformed1,  to  the  forsaide  Alexandre,  EdmoncT,  and  4 
lolin,  iiij.  Buttes  of  arable  lond1  liyng1  in  a  crofte  called1  Chal- 
crofte,  in  the   north   parte  of   the   same  crofte,  in  wightham 
aforsaicT:  which  forsaid1  mese,  with  londes,  medys,  and  alt  other 
before  rehersed1,  late  1 1  had?  of  the  yifte  and  feffement  of  Richard?  8 
Stoneley  and  kateryne  his  modir  :    To  haue  and  to  hold1,  the 
forsaid?  mese,  vfith  a  gardeyne  liyng1  to,  londes,  medes,  and  alt 
his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid?  Alexandre,  Edmond?,  and  lolin,  to 
there  heires  and  to  ther  assignes,  Of  the  chief  loides  of  that  12 
fee,  by  seruyces  therof  dewe.     And  the  forsaid1  Thomas  and  his 
heires,  the  forsaid1  mese,  vtiih  gardeyne,  and  alt  other  before 
named1,  to  the  forsaid1  Alexandre  and  Edmond1  and  lolin  to  there 
heires  and  to  there  assignes,  ayenst  alt  maner  of  peple  shall  16 
warantije  for  evermore.     In  witnesse  of  the  which  thynge,  to 
this  present  charter  he  sette  to  his  scale  ;  These  beyngiwitnesse: 
Idhn  Denton),  Thomas  Peny,  Clerk,  William  Hows,  John  Hows, 
John  Fermere,  and  other.     The 2  date  at  wightham  aforsaid,  the  20 
vjte.  day  of  Septembre,  The  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng  Edward 
the  Fourthe  after  the  conquest  vte.* 


*  end  of 
leaf  204, 
back. 

1  The  translator  retains  the  first  person, 
by  a  slip. 

2  The  last  few  deeds  seem  to  have  been 
copted    into   this    English    Register    just 


subsequent  to  the  completion  of  the  trans- 
lation of  the  Latin  Register.  They  are 
incomplete,  affording  no  clue  as  to  how 
these  lands  and  houses  came  to  Godstow. 


63 


BUCKINGHAMSHIRE 

[BOARSTALL  :  see  under  Oakley] 

[DINTON] 

[NOTE.  —  In  pope  Nicholas  IV's  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,  1291,  the  Godstow  properties 
at  Dinton  and  Little  Missenden  are  put  together  as  being  in  Wendover  rural 
deanery,  and  are  estimated  to  be  worth  £1  7s.  Sd.  yearly.  At  the  dissolution,  1540, 
Godstow  received  (Monast.  iv.  374)  from  '  Donyugton  '  rectory  and  the  yardland  at 
Ford  £16  IDS.  yearly,  and  paid  as.  quit-rent  to  the  earl  of  Huntingdon,  and  8s.  5^. 
to  the  poor,  by  doles  at  St.  Thomas  the  Apostle  and  Easter.  The  deeds  relating  to 
the  hamlet  of  Ford  are  given  under  its  own  name.] 

[50.1     *Chartur  of  All;  of  Mynchonsey  of  iij   acris   *ieafxxv 

or  36,  back. 
in  doninton.  About  1170. 

THE  sentence  of  J>is  chartur  is,  J?at  Alij  l,  f>e  downer  of   Grant  to  St. 
pagane  )>e  sone  of  lohn,  gaf  &  grauntid;  to  god  &  to  )>e 


churche  of  seint  petur  of  doninton,  iij.  acris  of  londe  of  her  Agnes  of  Myn- 

4  lordshippe,  f  e  whyche  lien  vppon  Ackenham  nihe  *  J>e  londe  *  leaf  xxvi 

fat  was  bawdewyne  fraunces,  &  aft  ]>e  tithe  of  alt  he?  hei  of  or  37- 

doninton,  in-to  pure  &  fre  &  perpetuel  almis,  for  the  helthe  acres,  and  the 

of  her  sowle  &  of  alt  her  aunceturs  :  &  )?at  her  gifte  sholde  ^e'ofhay. 
8  not  be  reuokycT  a-geine,  she  strengthicT  hit  with  her  writinge, 
&  with  he?  seele  :  &  is  wit^-oute  date. 

[51.]     *  Chartur  of  Anneis  of  Mynchonsy  be  dowhter  of  *  leaf 
pagane  J>e  sone  of  lohn  of  a  winde-mille  in  donynton.      35,  back. 

About 
THE  sentence  of  J>is  chartur  is,  pat  agneis1,  pe  dowhter  of  1180. 

pagane  J>e  son  of  lohn,  for  be  helfe  of  his  2  sowle  &  for  f>e  helfe 
12  of  alt  his2  auncetwrs  &  of  alt  his2  heiris,  gaf  &  grauntid1,  in-to  by  Agnes 
pure  &  fre  &  pdrpetuel  almis,  to  god  &  to  be  churche  of  ou?  lady  chonsey, 
&  of  seint  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe,  &  to  be  Mynchons  the? 
seruinge  god1,  his  l  winde-mille  fat  stondit  vppon  hoge  wif-oute  mill 

1  Agnes  de  Monte  Canisio,  or  de  Mun-  3  '  his  '  should  be  '  her.'     The  translator 

chenesei,   a  great  benefactress  to  Oseney       often  makes  this  mistake  in  charters  where 
(Rev.  H.  Salter).  a  lady  is  the  donor. 


64 


Buckinghamshire :   f  Doninton 


J?e  towne  of  doninton,  nyhe  f>e  hy  wei  f>e  whiche  strecchith  fro 
[Aylesbury]  OxenforcT  toward  Alisburi,  &  iiij.  acris  of  his 1  londe  Ipat  bin  next 
to  f>e  wei  &  to  Ipe  mille  &  strecchen  fro  Ipe  mille  toward?  Ipe  est, 
to  be  had  for  euir  &  to  be  bold1,  freli  &  quietli  fro  aft  seculer  4 
seruice :  &  Ipat  her  graunt  shold1  be  sure  &  sad12,  she  strength  id1 
hit  with  her  seele  &  is  wit^-oute  date. 


and  four 
acres. 


*leaf 
XXV  or 
36.  About 
1180. 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Agnes  of 
Mynchon- 
sey,  of  the 
rectory  of 
Dinton,  for 
endow- 
ment of  the 
infirmary 
at  Godstow, 
with  a  re- 
quest for 
a  cell  of 
Godstow  at 
Dinton. 


[52.]     *  A  Chartur  of  agnes  the  dowhter  of  Pagane  of  J>e 
churche  of  donington. 

THE  sentence  of  }>is  chartur  is,  ])at  agnes,  Ipe  dowhtwr  of 
pagane  Ipe  sone  of  lohn,  gaf  &  grauntid1,  to  god?  &  to  Ipe  churche  8 
of  oure  lady  &  of  seint  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  \>e  holi 
minchons  J>ere  seruinge  god1,  nameliche  to  f>e   susteininge  of 
seke  mynchons  of  Ipe   infirmarie3,   for   Ipe  \iellpe   of  })e   sowle 
of  lorde  henri  kynge  &  of  his  sonis  &  of  his  grauntesire  kynge  12 
benri  &  for  f>e  heltn  of  his l  owne  sowle  &  of  his l  predecessours  & 
of  his l  successours,  his 1  churche  of  donington,  in-to  perpetueft 
almis,  fre  &  quiete  fro  aft  secule?  smiice  &  exaccon,  with  aft  his 
pertinences,  in  tithis  &  offeringis,  in  londis  &  medis  &  pasturis.  16 
He 4  grauntid1  also  to  Ipe  foreseide  holi  rainchons,  if  hit  plesicTgod1 
&  Ipe  Abbas  of  Ipe  churche  of  Godestowe  &  to  aft  J?e  couent,  an 
howse  of  her  profession  to  be  sette  in  Ipe  foreseide  donington : 
&  is  wztA-oute  date.  20 


About 
1180. 


*leaf 
XXV  or 
36,  back. 
The  grant 
to  Godstow, 
by  Agnes  of 
Mynchon- 
sey,  of  the 
rectory  of 
Dinton  (no. 
52)  is  sub- 
ject to  the 
life  interest 
of  the  in- 
cumbent, 
who  is  to 


[53.]     An  oj?e?  charter  of  donington. 

THE  sentence  of  this  chartur  is,  Ipai  annes,  Ipe  dowhtur  of 
pagane  Ipe  *  sone  of  lohn,  gaf  &  grauntid  Ipe  churche  of  doninton5, 
•with  aft  his  pertinences,  to  J>e  Infirmarie  of  Godestowe  to  susteine 
seke  minchons,  in-to  perpetuel  almis  &  quiete  fro  aft  ertheli  24 
seruice,  vndur  this  condicion  Ipat  Bartholmewe  Ipe  clerke,  Ipe 
sone  of  lohn  clerke,  sholde  holde  Ipe  fore-seide  church  in-to 
a  perpetuel  vicariage,  Ipat  is  to  sei,  in  medis  in  pasturis  &  in 
londis,  in  tithis  &  in  offerings,  &  in  aft  Binges  perteininge  to  Ipe  28 
same  churche,  painge  yerli  to  Ipe  fore-seide  minchons  x.  mark 
of  siluer  at  iiij.  termis,  at  cristemas,  ij.  marke  &  j  halfe ;  at 
estur,  ij.  marke  &  j  halfe  ;  at  f6  fest  of  petur  &  poule,  ij.  marke 


1  i.  e.  her. 

2  '  Coram  viris  honestis  fide  confirmavit.' 


3  ITybr  seke  mynchons,  note  in  margin. 

4  i.  e.  She.  5  MS.  '  dominton.' 


Buckinghamshire  :  If  Donington  65 

&  j  halfe  ;  &  at  Mihelmas,  ij.  marke  &  j  halfe  :  &  pe  fore-namicT  pay  Qod- 

Bartholmewe   sware   &  cowfirmid?  a-fore   honest   men,   by   his  p^ion  of 

trowthe,  pat  he  sholde  finde  pe  sonys  &  pe  dowhters  of  lohn  ^^s  '  4d' 

4  clerke  his  broker  aftur1  his  power1  &  aftur  pat  his  goode  miht 

suffise  :    &,  aftur  pe  decese  of  pe  fore-namid?  Bartholomew,  pe  Eequest  for 

fore-namid?  churche  shold?  bide  vtturli  quite  to  the  fore-seide  ^odstow  at 

minchons.     Also  if  Ipe  abbas  &  pQ  convent  of  pe  churche  of  Dinton. 

8  Godestowe  wolde  make  an  abbey  pat  minchons  shold1  dweft  J>ere, 
if  f>ei  sawe  Ipat  hit  were  to  Ipe  profite  &  availe  of  all  Ipe  couewt  : 
and  is  wyth-oute  date. 

[54.1     *The  institucion  of  doninton  bi  Robert  Archi-  *ieaf 

XXVI 

decun  of  Bukingeham.  or  37. 

About 

THE  sentence  of  this  institucion  is,  Ipat  Eobert,  archedecun  118°- 
12  of  bukingham,  willid  to  be  know,  to  alt  peputt  at  pat  time  & 
Ipat  were  to  come  afterward1,  pat  he  had  laufulli  institute,  & 

sette  in,  f>e  abbas  of  Godestowe,  &  aft  f>e  Couent  of  the  same  (of  Burn- 

place,  in  pe  churche  of  Doninton  &  in  aft  his  pertinences,  &  pat  Beacon  o?" 

16  at  pe  peticion,  axinge,  and  presentacion,  of  anneis  of  Minchonsey  :  Bucking- 

&  pat  pis  institucion  sholde  be  ferme  &  sure,  he  confirmicF  hit  no™2.° 
with  his  seele  &  writinge. 

[55.]     Chartur  of  Raph  of  Mynchonsey  of  ]>e  churche  About 

of  doninton.  1180' 

THE  sentence  of  f>is  writinge  is,  pat  raph  of  Minchonsei  gaf  Confirma- 
20  &  grauntid1,  &  confirmid1  v?it7i  his  writinge,  to  god  &   to  pe 


churche  of  ou?  lady  &  of  seiiit  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  by  Ralph  of 
to  pe  minchons  J?ere  seruinge  god1,  pe  churche  of  doninton,  with  sey,  of  his 


all  his  pertinences,  in-to  perpetueft  almis,  fre  &  quiete  fro  all 
24  seculer  seruice  &  exaccion,  as  anneis  hir  modur  gaf  &  grauntid?  in  no-  5* 
to  pe  foreseicT  Minchons,  &  as  hir  writinge  wittnessith  :   &  is 
•with-onte  date. 

[56.1     *  Chartur  bitwene  hugh  aldrede  of  forde  &       *  leaf 

xxxxx 
william  helie.  or  49. 

About 
THE  sentence  of  pis  chartur  is,  pat  hugh  aldreoT  of  forde  gaf,   1330. 

28  grauntid1,  &  confirmid1,  to  william  helie,  for  his  homage  &  seruice,   ^^m 
ij.  acris  &  j  half  of  his  arable  londe  wtt^  aft  his  pertinences,  Helie,  by 


66 


Hugh 
Aldred,  of 
2.\  acres, 


described 
in  half-acre 
strips. 


Quit-rent, 


*leaf 
XXXIX 

or  49, 
back. 


Buckinghamshire :   *[[  Donington 


Hinge  in  f>e  bowndis  of  Ipe  towne  of  donington :  where-of  j  halfe 
acre   lieth   of  Ipe   weste   side    of  ]?e  gardine  of  )?e  courte  of 
donington,  bitwene  fe  londe  of  william  hirke  of  f>e  sowj?e  side 
&  f>e  londe  of  waiter  bisshopiston  of  f>e  nor]?e  side,  &  strecchithe  4 
him-selfe  towarde  Ipe  west  in-to  |?e  forowe  of  wature  kniht  & 
towarde  Ipe  est  in  la  grene  diche  of  Ipe  west  side  of  Ipe  fore-seide 
gardine ;  &  j  acre  liethe  vppon  goshei  of  Ipe  weste  parte,  bitwene 
j?e  londe  of  Robert  blake  of  J>e  sowthe  parte  &  Ipe  londe  Ipai  was  8 
of  Gefrei  burgeis  of  \>e  northe  parte,  &  strecchithe  him-selfe  in-to 
J?e.  kinges  wei  toward1  Ipe  est,  &  j  halfe  acre  of  f>e  same  acre  more 
sowthe?  strecchithe  m-to  Ipe  forowe  of  edithe  blakistan  &  an- 
of>er  halfe  acre  more  northe  strecchif>e  him-selfe  in-to  Ipe  forowe  12 
of  william  paume? ;  &  j  halfe  acre  strecchith  him-selfe  in  lengthe 
vppon  Ipe  hift  fro  Ipe  felde  of  hedenham  vn-to  Ipe  londe  )mt 
Richard  albocT  helde  toward1  Ipe  est,  &  liethe  in  brede  bitwene  Ipe 
londe   J»at  Richard  cniht   helde  &  Ipe  londe  Ipai  Thomas  fit}  16 
Godwine  helde;  &  j  halfe  acre  strecchitti  him-self  in  lengthe 
fro  Ipe  londe  f>at  Robert  dunston  helde  vn-to  fe  wei  J>at  ledith 
to  hedenham,  &  lietha  in  brede  bitwene  ]>e  tenement  Ipai  william 
hirk  hilde  &  Ipe  arable  londe  of  Ipe  fore-seide  william  hirke :  to  20 
be  had1  &  to  be  hold1,  of  him  &  of  his  heiris,  to  Ipe  fore-seide 
william  of  heilei  &  to  his  heiris  or  to  whom-so-euir  or  whenne- 
pat-eui?  he  wolde  gif,  biquefe,  selle,  or  assine  hit  for  riht  heritage, 
freli  quietli  pesibli  &  holli  for  euire,  painge  J?erof  yerli  to  him  24 
&  to  his  heiris  v.  d1  of  siluer  at  iiij.  termis  of  Ipe  yere,  j>at  is  to 
sei,  at  mihelmas  j  d1  qua.,  at  martinmas  j  d1  qua.,  at  cristemas 
j  <Tqwa.,  and  at  estu?  I-flowricTj  d1  qua.,  for  alt  seruices  customs 
&  demaundis :   &  for  J>is  gifte  graunt  &  confirmacion  Ipe  fore-  28 
seide  william  heilei  gaf  to  him  xl.  shillings  of  siluer  in  warison : 
&  J>e  fore-seide  hugh  aldrect1  &  his  heiris  waran^id1  acquitid1  & 
defendicT}>e  fore-seide  ij.  acris  &  j  halfe  of  arable  londe  vriih  alt 
his  pertinences  to  Ipe  fore-seide  william  heilei,  &  to  his  hei*ris  32 
or  to  his  assinis,  ageiniste  alt  men  liuinge  for  euir,  bi  f>e  fore- 
seide  seruice.     In-to  witnes  Iper-of  he  sette  to  his  seele :    &  is 
wiih-oute  date. 


Buckinghamshire  :   If  Forde  67 

[FORD,  in  Dinton  parish  ;  see  p.  63.] 

[i.  Deeds  about  land.] 

[57.]     *  Charter   of  philip  fit}   hugh  west  de  la  forde  *  leaf 

of  j  mese  with  J>e  pertinencis  in  the  same  towne.       Or  48, 

back.' 
THE  sentence  of  f  is  chartur  is,  \>ai  philip  fitj  hugh  west  de  About 

la  forde  gaf,  grauntid1,  &  confirmicP,  to  god1  &  to  Ipe  churche  of  Sale  ^0 
ou?  ladi  &  of  seint  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  J»e  minchons  Gtodstow, 
4  Iper  seruinge  gocF&  to  serue  for  euir,  aft  his  mese,  curtilage,  his   West,  of  a 


hole  crofte  &  mede  dichid1  rownde  a-boute  &  closid1,  in  Ipe  towne 
of  forde,  euin  as  Ipe  markis  shewin,  bitwene  f  e  seide  mese  &  Ipe 
mese  of  henri  bacun  vppon  Ipe  est  side  &  Ipe  londe  that  sum-time 
8  was  of  pikot  vppon  j?e  west  side,  }>e  whiche  mese  curtilage  held  of 
and  hole  crofte  &  mede  hugh  his  fadur  helde  sum  time  of  f>e  C 
fore-seide  minchons  in  fee  &  heritage  ;  to  be  had  &  to  be  holde, 
viiih  aft  he?  pertinences,  in  medis  pasturis  &  waters  &  aft  olper 

1  2  fredoms  longinge  to  Ipe  fore-seide  mese  curtilage  crofte  &  mede, 
of  him  &  of  his  heiris  or  his  assinis,  to  Ipe  fore-seide  minchons 
&  to  here  successours,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuell  almis,  vrith-oute 
oni  agein  holdinge  to  him  &  to  his  heiris  or  his  assinis  for  euir  ; 

1  6  &  fe  seide  philip  &  his  heiris  or  his  assinis  warantijid1  acquitid1 
&  defended1  for  euir  to  Ipe  fore-seide  minchons  &  to  here  succes- 
sours  Ipe  fore-seide  mese  curtilage  croft  &  mede,  with  att  he?  [warranty 
pertinences,  in  aft  places  &  fredoms  &  eschetes,  ageiniste  alle 

ao  men  &  women  bo)?e  lues  &  cristinmen,  w^t^  here  owne  costes  : 

&  for  }>is  gifte  graunt  waranti}inge  acquitinge  defendinge  &  Purchase 
confirminge,  J?e  fore-seicT  minchons  gaf  to  him  xiij.  marke  of  Ss^^d. 
siluer  a-fore  hondis  in  warisone.  Furf>ermore  fat  his  gift  graunt 

24  warantijinge  aquitywg1  and  defendinge  sholde  be  sure  .and  stable 
for  euir,  he  put  to  this  writinge  his  seele  :  &  is  with-oute  date. 

[58.]     *  A  quiete-claime  of  henri  weste  de  la  forde     *  leaf 

^tiX^LlSI 

of  j  mese  with  be  pertinences.  or  49. 

1282, 

THE   sentence  of  J?is  quiete-claime  is,  Ipat  henri  west  de  la  April  23. 

forde,  J>e  sone  of  hugh  west,  relesid1  &  vttwrli  quiete-claimid1,  toG^dstow 

28  for  him  &  his  heiris,  to  fe  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  to  Ipe  minchons  by  Henry 

bere  seruinge  god1,  aft  f>e  riht  &  claime  fat  he  had1  or  in  oni  toother  of 

F  2 


68 


Buckinghamshire :  ^f  Forde 


the  vendor,   wise  miht  haue  in  aft  bat  mese,  curtilage,  crofte  &  mede  I-diclncT 

of  all  title      .          .  .     .,      0   T    ,     .£  .       . 

in  no.  57.      in  euiri  side  &  l-closi(f,  as  pe  markis  she  win,  in  pe  town  de  la 

forde,  bitwene  Ipe  mese  &  f>e  crofte  of  henri  bacun  &  Ipe  londe 
J?at  was  sum  time  of  lohn  pikot,  Ipe  whiche  mese  curtilage  crofte  4 
&   mede  with   all  here  pertinences  philip  his  brothe?   gaf  & 
incharterid1  to  \>e  fore-seide  abbas  &  minchons  of  Godestowe,  so 
Ipat  nolper  he  ne  none  of  his  heiris  sholde  neuer  aske  ne  chalenge 
oni  riht  or  claime  in  aft  Ipat  mese  or  in  parte  of  Ipe  curtilage  8 
crofte  &  mede  a-fore  namicT.     In-to  witnes  of  f>is  finge  he  sette 
to  his  seele:  Ipe  date  at  Godestowe,  in  seint  Georgis  dai  be 
martir,  Ipe  x.  yere  of  Ipe  reine  of  kinge  Edwarde. 

[59.]     *  A  quiete-claime  of  William  heri  for  ij.  cotages 
&  ij.  curtilages  in  J>e  town  of  ford1. 

THE  sentence  of  f>is  quiet-claime  is,  Ipat  william  heri1  re-  12 
mittid1  relesid1  &  vtturli  qmet-claimid1,  for  him  &  for  his  heiris, 
to  dame  margeri  dine,  abbas  of  Godestowe,  &  to  Ipe  couent  of 
Ipe  same  place  &  to  here  successours,  afi  his  riht  &  claime  Ipat 
he    had1   or    miht  haue  in   oni   wise   in   ij.    cotages,  with  ij.  16 
curtilages  liinge  Iper-to,  in  Ipe  town  of  ford1,  Ipe  whiche  cotages 
with  Ipe  curtilages  bin  bitwene  j?e  mese  of  agneis  bacun  &  le  buri 
wei,  as  certen  markes  Ipere  yeuin  &  shewin;   so  Ipat  nolper  he 
nolper  his  heiris  ne  non  olper  in  his  name  miht  not  aske  ne  20 
chalenge  here-aftur  in  \>e  .seide  cotages  with  curtilages  liinge 
J?er-to  oni  riht  or  claime  in  time  to  come.     In-to  witnes  here-of  he 
put  to  his  seele  :  J?e  date  at  Godestowe,  Ipe  monedai  next  aftu?  Ipe 
feste  of  semt  valentine,  f>e  xiiij.  yere  of  Ipe  reine  of  kinge  Edwarde.  24 

[NOTE. — '14  of  king  Edward' would  be  I28f,  but  Margery  Dine  was  abbess  in 
Edward  Ill's  reign  :  and  so  it  must  be  14  Edward  III.] 


*leaf 
XXXIX 

or  49, 
back. 
13tf, 

Febr.  19. 

Quit-claim 
to  G-odstow, 
by  William 
Heri,  of 
all  right 
in  two 
cottages. 


*leaf 
XXXIX 

or  49, 
back. 
1313, 

May  i. 
Proceed- 


[a.  Deeds  about  the  chapel  of  Ford.] 

[60.]     *  Courte 2  franciplege  or  lawdais  I-holde  for  J>e 
chaunteri  of  forde. 

DONINGTON,  at 3  Ipe  lawdai,  I-holde  Ipe  twisdai  in  J?e  feste  of 
Ipe  apostolis  philip  &  lacob,  Ipe  yj.  yere  of  Ipe  reine  of  kinge 


1  Cp.  <  Helie,'  p.  65. 

2  In  the  Latin  copy : '  Curia  tenta  franci 


plegii  pro  canteria  de  la  ford.' 

3  '  Ad  visum  franci  plegii,  tentum.' 


Buckinghamshire  :  1  Forde  69 

Edwarde,  william  edricTi,  tethemaw,  &  his  felawis  I-swore,  pre-  ingsagainst 

sentid1  Ipat  Ipe  chauntm  j?at  was  wonid1  to  be  do  in  J»e  chapel  of  Vicar  Of 

forde  bi  thre  dais  in  euiri  woke  of  be  yere,  hit  is  witftdrawe  now  Pmton; 

*      J  for  neglect 

4  bi  sire  Robert  f>e  vicari  Ipat  is  nowe  ;  &  Ipat  f>e  seide  chauntri  of  to  supply 
J?e  seide  chapel  was  do  *  fro  be  time  of  J?e  fundacion  of  ]?e  seide 


chapeft  bi  f>e  parsers  of  donington,  Ipe  which  haddin  of  Ipe  lorde   of  Ford, 
fat  was  J?at  time  j  yerde  of  londe  in  forde  in-to  helpe  to  f>e  seicT  Or  50. 


8  chapel  to  be  susteinicT  &  Ipe  seide  chauntm  to  be  do  ;  Also  Ipei 
sein  plainli  }>at.  aftur  Ipe  churche  of  donington  was  gif  to  lp  e  abbas  endow- 
of  Godestowe,  f>9  seide  chauntri1  was  euer  I-do  bi  all  he?  vicaris 
vn-to  Ipe  comin  of  j  alein  Ipat  was  he?  vicare  bi  Mastur  Robert 

12  kenelingworthe,  whiche  wttAdrowe  maliciusli  &  gilfulli  J?e  seide 
chauntri,  to  }>e  disheritinge  of  \>e  lorde  ;  &  for-asmuche  as  lp  e 
abbas  of  Godestowe,  f»e  whiche  holdife  }>e  same  yerde  londe, 
iustifieth  not  her  vicare  to  J?e  seide  chauntri  to  be  don,  ideo  l  and  fines 

16  &  cetera  in  mercemente;    &  for  Ipat,  }>at  sir  Robert,  Ipat  was  JJa^Tim. 
}>at  time  vicars,  knowlichith  for  to  do  f>e  fore-seide  chauntri  in 
futt  courte,  &  did  hit  not  bi  too  yere  to-gedur  but  witA-drowe 
hit  in-to  preiudice  of  )?e  lorde,  ideo  ?  &  cetera. 

[NOTE.  —  The  date  is  given  as  '  6  Edward,'  which,  if  Edward  I,  would  be  1278,  but 
in  that  year  May-day  fell  on  a  Sunday.  The  year  is  probably  6  Edward  II  (see 
preceding  section),  1313,  in  which  May-day  fell  on  Tuesday.  The  proceedings  were 
taken  in  the  court  leet  of  Dinton  manor,  on  presentation  by  the  sworn  jury  of 
tithing-men  (decenarii),] 

[61.]     *  An  eschete  ageinist  }>e  vicari  of  domngto[V]     *  leaf 

for  J>e  chauntm  of  J>e  forde.  OT349IX 

back/ 
20      THE  sentence  of  ]?is  euidence  is,  f>at  petu?  of  Salford)  escheter  About 

of  ]?e  kinges  in  bokingham-shire,  to  John  Stokes,  Richard  wedon,  pro^ed- 

&  hugh  michel,  of  )?e  kinges  be-halfe  commaundid1,  to  the[m]  ings  in 

I-ioinid1  to-gedur  &  to  eueriche  of  hem,  Ipat  att  J>ei  or  on  of  hem  court  for 
24  sholde  distreine    Thomas,  vicari  of  Ipe  churche  of  donington, 


f>orow  aft  his  londis  &  cataft  in  his  bailif-wike,  &  fat  j?ei  sholde  against 

answere  of  f  e  getinge   of  Ipe    same  to   fe   kinge,    so   Ipat   he   Malet,vicar 

1  '  Dicta   canteria   semper   extitit   facta  2  The  ordinary  formula  of  the  manorial 

per  quoscunque  vicarios  suos  usque  adven-  courts  on  finding  a  person  guilty  is  '  ideo 

turn,    cuiusdam    Alani     qui     ibidem    fuit  ipse  est  in  misericordia,'  the  *  mercy  '  im- 

vicarius    per     magistrum     Robertum     de  plying   a  fine   not   fixed   by  statute,  but 

Kenellworthe,  qui  maliciose  et  fraudulenter  assessed   by   the    two   '  affeerers  '   of    the 

ad  exher[ed]itationem  domini.'    Something  court  itself. 
seems  left  out. 


70 


Buckinghamshire :   1  Forde 


of  Dinton, 
for  failing 
to  provide 
services 
in  Ford 
chapel. 


*  leaf  XL 
or  50. 
1356, 

Sept.  20. 

*  leaf  XL 
or  50, 
back. 
Promise  by 
Thomas 
Malet,  vicar 
of  Dinton, 
made  in 
the  ec- 
clesiastical 
court, 

that  he  will 
provide  the 
services 
in  Ford 
chapel. 


shulde  finde  a  chaplein  to  singe  masse  in  f»e  chapel  of  forde 
euiri  woke  in  Ipe  yere  bi  thre  dais,  where-to  )?e  seide  Thomas  & 
all  his  successours  bin  bounde  fro  time  oute  of  minde  for  j  yerde- 
londe  Ipat  Ipe  ladi  of  donington  gaf  to  Ipe  seide  abbas  of  Godestowe  4 
in-to  pure  and  perpetuel  almis,  &  for  to  satisfi  for  f>e  time  of 
withdrawinge  of  f>e  fore-seioT  chauntri  bi  viij.  yere  apaste  & 
more,  as  hit  is  I-preuid1  bi  inquisicion  I-made  a-fore  me :    & 
how  J>e  commaundiment  is  executid1,  let  me  haue  knowliche  at  8 
next  shire.     In-to  witnes  of  J>is  jringe  J>e  seele  of  f>e  foreseid1 
shreuehode  was  put  Iper-to. 

[62.]     *  Sentence  vppon  ]>e  chaunteri  of  ]?e  chapett  of 

Forde. 

*  THE  sentence  is  f>is,  Ipat  si?  Thomas  malet,  vicari  of  Ipe 
churche  of  donmgton  of  lincolne  diocese,  comperinge  personalli  12 
a-fore  mastur  william  downe,  officiall  of  lincolne,  in  ]?e  dai  & 
place  wet^-in  I-wrete,  seide  Ipat  he  wolde  cese  strife  I-meuid1 
a-geiniste  him  a-fore  )?e  discrete  man,  mastur  lohn  Cudington, 
person  of  Ipe  churche  of  Staunton  seint  lohn,  his  commissarie  16 
special  in  fis  parte,  at  Ipe  instance  of  }>e  religious  women,  abbas 
&   couent  of  J>e  monasteri  of  Godestowe  of  f>e  seide  lincolne 
diocese,  for  }>e  occasion  of  wtt^-drawinge  of  a  chaunteri  in  J?e 
chapelt   of  Forde  with-'m  f>e  parisshe   of  J»e  seide  church  of  20 
donington  sette.    J?e  fore-seide  vicari  ojEfred"  him-selfe  a-redi  to 
stonde  to  ]>&  lawe  thorowe  all  Ipiuges  &  to  supporte  \>e  burdon 
of  Ipat  chaunteri  aftur  J?e  custome  of  time  I-passid1  a-fore ;  (&  so 
forth  hit  folowith,  euin  J»e  same  sentence  worde  for  worde  as  24 
hit  is  I- write  in  J>e  iuggement  a-fore i.)    &  vppon  j?is  he  gafe 
iuggement  Ipat,  aftur  his  owne  wilful  confession  he  sholde  be 
bownde  to  kepe  J>e  seide  chaunteri  &  to  supporte  hit,  &  j?e  iugge 
sittinge  in  iuggement  condempnicf  him  lawfulli  &  customabli  28 
f>orowe  alt  Binges.     In-to  witnes  of  J>ese  thinges  he  lete  write 
&  to  publisshe  Jris  opin  instrument  Ipat  is  I- write  hole  in  [the]  boke 
of  euidences  &  to  strengthe  hit  bi  ]?e  hanginge  to  of  his  seele. 
These  Binges  were  I-gife  &  actid1  in  J>e  parisshe  of  Carthrop  of  32 
lincolne  diocese  J>e  yere  fro  fe  incarnacion  of  our  lorde,  aftur 
f>e  cowrse  &   cowntinge   of  Ircglonde,  Millesemo  CCC°  Ivj,  J>e 
ix.  indiccion  of  J?e  bisshophocT  of  J>e  moste  holi  fadur  in  crist  & 
1  Now  no.  64. 


Buckinghamshire  :   If  Forde  71 

lorde,  lorde  Innocent  fe  vj.,  pope,  fe  iiij.  yere,  fe  xx.  dai  of 
septewbre.  &  to  kepe  aft  f  e  fore-seide  f  inges  &  neuer  to  do 
ageiniste  hem  or  oni  of  hem,  f  e  fore-seide  vicari  made  a  bodili 

4  of  e,  towchinge  with  his  hondis  the  holi  godspellis.  &  henri 
Elsham,  clerke  of  f  e  seide  diocese,  a-fore  a  commune  notari,  sawe 
herd?  &  wrote  aft  f  ese  f  ingis  a-fore,  &  I-praiide  made  aft  f  ese 
actes  to  be  turnid1  in-to  a  cowimune  forme  &  sinid1  hit  vfith  his 

8  sine  &  name,  in-to  feif  e  &  witnes  of  f  e  f  inges  a-fore  I-put. 


[63.]    Instrument  opin  of  J>e  chaunteri  of  Forde.        1356, 

Sept.  20. 

THE  sentence  of  fis  instrument  shortli  is,  fat  aftur  fat  he  Acceptance 
had  made  a  wilful!  knowlich  &  submittid?  him  selfe  to  supporte  (as  in  no. 
f  e  seide  chaunteri,  f  e  seide  cowmissari,  mastur  william  downe, 


12  assoilioT  him,  &  lete  make  vppe  fe  instrument  wit  A  his  seele  I-  Lincoln's 
sette  to  &  ])  e  sine  of  f  e  notari  aforseicT. 


[64.]   *  lugement  I-made  bi  ]>e  oflieiail  of  Oxenfordl      *  ieaf  XL 

or  50. 

THE  sentence  of  J>is  iugement  was  fis,  J>at  religius  men,  ]?e  |g5t6' 
abbot  of  osenei,  &  fe  prior  of  frideswith,  &  J?e  denis  of  Oxen-  Formal  de. 

1  6  ford1  &  of  wendouer,  of  lincolne  diocese,  assinid1  iugges   bi  l>e  cision  of 

'  .  .  ^e  ecclesi- 

official  of  lincolne,  bi-twene  Thomas  malet,  vicari  of  donington  astical 

of  lp  e  seide  diocese,  &  fe  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  J?e  couent  of  }?e  the  services 
same  place,  comperid?  a-fore  hem  sittinge  in  iugement  :  where  ^  Foijd 

20  fe  seide  Thomas  knowliche  fat  bof  e  he  &  his  predecessours 
vicarijs,  of  f  e  seide  churche,  did1  to  be  do  a  chauntm  in  fe 
chapel  of  forde,  monedai,  wodenisdai,  &  fredai,  eueri  yere  ;  & 
f  ei  knowlechioT  f  e  burdon  of  f  e  supportinge  of  f  e  same  chaun- 

24  teri  vfith  her1  owne  costis,  &  fat  f  ei  were  wonicD  to  do,  support, 
&  knowe,  &  make  to  be  seide,  diuine  sendees  fere,  bi  a  conue- 
nient  chaplein,  fe  fore-seide  dais,  -with  he?  owne  costes;  &  fat 
f  e  same  Thomas,  for  powrenesse  of  his  vicariage,  as  he  seide,  repelling 

28  witAdrow  f  e  fore-seide  chaunteri  bi  certeine  time,  &  wold1  not 


knowe  f  e  burdon  of  f  e  same  aftur  f>e  vse  &  maner  of  f  e  time  Ple»  of  tlie 
a-fore  I-passicT:    willinge   &  consentinge  expresli  fat  fro  fat  his  vicar 


time  forthe  he  wolde  make  to  be  do  fat  maner  of  chaunteri,  & 
32  wolde  bere  f  e  burden  f  erof,  like  as  hit  was  wonicT;  &  fat  he  him  to 
sholde  be  condempnid?  fcentencialli  bi  f  e  seide  iuggis  to  be  vndur  them. 


72  Buclcinghamshire  :  ^f  Forde 

support! cT  &  know  }>e  burdon  perpetueft  of  f>e  fore-seide  per- 
petueft  chaunteri  in  J?e  seide  dais.      Aftur  his  owne  propur 
confession  I-do  iudicialli  a-fore  hem,  thei  condempnicT  &  com- 
maundid  him  fat  he  shol<T  do  f  is  maner  of  chaunteri  to  be  do  as  4 
he  was  spedili  astreinid.  For  f  is  cause,  &  for  his  knowlich  I-made 
a-fore  f  e  seide  official,  f  ei,  aftur  his  commission  &  maundement 
I-made  to  eueriche  of  hem  &  to  aft  to-gedur,  sholde  coradempne 
f>e  fore-seide  vicari  to  do  f  e  fore-seide  f  inges  &  to  obei  fe  con-  8 
dempninge  bi  f  e  sensures  of  f  e  churche  &  f  e  aggreffe  of  hem 
spedili.     Furfermore,  f  e  seicF  official  chargid1  hem  to  compelle 
him  lawfulli,  as  ofte  &  whenne  f  ei  were  requiricT  dewli,  for  f  e 
parte  of  f  e  seide  abbas  &  couent.     To  f  e  which  aft  &  eueriche  1 2 
to  be  do,  he  committicf  his  stede  to  eumche  of  hem,  with  J?e 
powers  of  lawful  constreininge  ;  &  what  thei  did?  in  ]?is  maters, 
f>ei  sholde  certifie  bi  here  patente  letters  f  e  J  &  processe  of  Jns 
iuggement  conteininge  as  ofte  &  whenne  J>ei  were  requiricT.    The  16 
date  at  Staumforde,  xxiiij.  dai  of  the  moneth  of  septembre,  f>e 
yere  of  owre  lorde  Millm'mo  CCClvj. 


*leaf 
XXXIX 

or  49, 
back. 
1374, 
Sept.  22. 
Licence  by 
John  Bo- 
kyngham, 
bishop  of 
Lincoln,  to 
the  inhabi- 
tants of 
Ford,  sanc- 
tioning 
their 
having 
services 
said  in  Ford 
chapel  by 
competent 
chaplains. 


[65.]    *  Conflrmacion  of  lohn  bisshop  of  lincolne  of  )>e 
chauntrie  of  }>e  forde. 

THE  sentence  of  f>is  confirmacion  is,  J>at  lohn,  bisshop  of 
lincolne,  grauntid1  to  men  dwellinge  &  women  in  J>e  towne  of  20 
forde,  in  J>e  parisshe  of  donington  of  his  diocise,  fat  fei  miht 
lete  to  sei  masses  to  be  seide,  &  oj?er  diuine  seruices,  lawfulli,  bi 
conuenient  chapleinis,  in  J?e  fore-seide  chapett  of  f>e  towne  of 
forde,  so  j?at  none  oj?er  sacramentes  of  J?e  churche  sholde  be  24 
ministird1  fere ;  &  leste  Ipai  oni  preiudice  we?  do  to  ]> e  person 2  or 
vicari  bi  hit,  he  grauntid1  special  licence  to  hem,  bi  J?e  tenowre 
of  f>is  writinge,  [to]  presente  vn-to  f>e  nexte  visitacion.     In-to 
witnis  of  fis  he  put  to  fis  present  writinge  his  seele.     The  date  at  28 
SleforcT,  xxij.  dai  of  September,  Ipe  yere  of  oure  lorde  Millesmo 
CCClxxiiijo  &  of  his  consecracion  xij. 


[NOTE. — This  deed  seems  to  imply  that,  since  Godstow  and  the  vicar  appointed 
by  Godstow  failed  to  supply  the  services,  the  inhabitants  now  sought  to  do  so  by 
themselves  paying  a  chaplain.] 

1  Sic  in  MS.    Something  left  out.  a  persona  =  rector. 


Buckinghamshire :  Hegenden 


73 


[HUGHENDON.] 

[NOTE. — The  locality  is  fixed  by  the  witnesses  (Exchequer  MS.),  viz.  Alexander  of 
Hamden  ;  Henry,  parson  of  Hamden  ;  William  Russell  of  Coleshull ;  William 
Waud  of  Wicombe.  This  particular  acquisition  was  soon  lost  amidst  the 
Wycombe  property  of  Godstow.  There  is  no  other  separate  mention  of  it.] 

[66.]    *  A  Charter  of  Raynold?  Deno?  fit}  Richard?  I-made   *  leaf  149, 
to  Pagane  of  Godestowe  for  a  Grove  in  his  wode  in  About 

1200? 


the  towne  of  Hegeden1,  &  cetera. 

THE   sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Kaynold?2  Deno?  fit3 

Kicharct1  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  Pagane  of  Godestowe,  for  his  homage 

and  seruyce  and  xxviij.  shillings,  the  whiche  he  yaf  to  hym  in 

4  warison),  I  grove  of  his  wode  in  the  towne  of  Hegenden),  with 

his  pertynentis,  that  is  to  sey,  that  [which]  is  I-callecT  hegyng- 

.  .  grove,  and  hit  strecchith  hit-self  in  length  toward1  the  South 
and  the  northe  bitwene  the  wey8  and  the  arrable  lond1,  the 
8  which  conteyneth  in  length,  fro  the  Beche 4  to  the  north  hede,  by 
perche  of  xviij.  fote,  toward"  the  stonycrosse  by  pmjhis  of  xviij. 
fote ;  and  is  in  brede 5  toward1  the  sowth  hede,  of  ij.  perchis 
and  i.  fote,  and  in  the  myddel,  of  v.  pmshis  and  an  half,  and  at 

1 2  the  north  hede,  beside  the  Beche  aforsaid1,  of  xxij.  fete :  To  be 
had?  and  to  be  hold1,  of  hym  and  his  heires,  to  them  and  to  ther 
heires  or  whom-so-ever  they  wold?  yeve  or  assigne  or  bequetn 
hit,  frely  quyetly  wele  and  in  pease  heritably  and  holy,  with  all 

1 6  fredom)  to  the  said1  grove  perteynyng1,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to 
hym  and  to  his  heires  or  to  his  assignes  i.  <T.  at  Mighelmasse,  for 
aft  s^ruyce  and  exaccion)  and  for  aft  seculer  demaund?  that  myght 
be  axed1  of  the  wode  or  lond?:  and  Eaynold?  aforsaid1  and  his 

20  heires  waran^ed1  and  defended1  aft  the  forsaid?  grove,  with  aft 
ther  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Pagane  and  to  his  heires  or  to 
whom-so-euer  he  wold?  yeve  hit,  assigne,  or  bequeth  hit,  ayenst 
aft  men  and  women,  by  the  smiyce  aforsaid1.  And  that  this 

24  yifte,  &  cetera. 


Sale,  for 
£i  8*.,  by 
Reginald  of 
Denore, 

to  Pain 
[probably 
steward]  of 
Godstow, 
of  a  strip  of 
wood. 

[The  Beech- 
tree  J. 


*  'Hegenden'  in  the  Latin  copy  (Ex- 
chequer MS.). 

2  <  Reginaldus  de  Denore,'  ibid. 
8  i.  e.  the  highway. 

*  '  A  fago ' :  probably  some  conspicuous 
tree.      Read :    '  which  contains  in  length 
from  the  beech  at  the  north  end  to  Stoni- 


croft,  twenty-eight  perches  [measured]  by 
the  perch  of  eighteen  feet '  [used  for  measur- 
ing woodland].  So  in  Great  Waltham 
manor,  Essex,  the  arable  was  (1609) 
measured  by  '  the  pole  of  i6£  feet,'  but  the 
woodland  by  '  the  pole  of  18  feet.' 
5  i.  e.  in  breadth  at  the  dbuth  end. 


Buckinghamshire :    Ickeford 


[ICKFORD.] 

[NoTE.— First  mentioned  in  pope  Celestine  Ill's  confirmation,  1192.  At  the 
dissolution,  1540,  Godstow  held  (Monast.  iv.  373)  two  copyhold  yardlands  in  Ickford, 
receiving  from  them  153.  yearly.] 


*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  64. 
About 
1190. 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Bartho- 
lomew of 
Ickford,  of 
a  rent- 
charge  of 
6s.  Sd.,  with 
feudal 
superiority 
over  a 
virgate. 


[67.    *  Charter  of  Bartholomew  of  ycforde. 

BARTHOLOMEW  of  Ycford,  with  leave  of  his  lord  Richard  son 
of  William,  also  with  consent  of  his  own  wife  Maud  and  his  son 
William,  for  the  souls  of  his  father  and  mother  and  for  the 
health  of  himself,  his  wife,  and  relatives,  gave  to  Godstow  half-  4 
a-marc  of  rent,  viz.  that  land  which  Henry  Flamang  holds  in 
Ycford  with  all  its  pertinents  in  wood  and  plain,  etc.,  free  from 
all  services. 

Witnesses  :— Robert  of  Witefeld ;  Walter,  chaplain  of  Gode-  8 
stowe ;  Robert  of  Bolebec  ;  William  of  Baggehurst,  etc.] 


*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  64. 
About 
1190. 
Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  William, 
son  of  Bar- 
tholomew, 
of  no.  67. 


[68.  *  Charter  of  William  son  of  Bartholomew  of  Hicford. 

WILLIAM  son  of  Bartholomew  of  Hickford  confirms  to  God- 
stow  his  father's  gift,  viz.  of  the  yardland  in  Hickford,  which 
Henry  Flemyng  held,  and  for  which  Henry  Flemyng  and  his  12 
heirs  are  to  pay  Godstow  half-a-marc  yearly. 

Witnesses  : — Adam,  Walerand,  Jordan,  and   Walter,  chap- 
lains of  Godstow  ;  William  of  Baggehurst  \  Fulc  Brehille.] 


*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  64 
and  64, 
back. 
About 
1210. 
Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
byWilliam, 
son  of  Bar- 
tholomew, 
of  no.  67. 


*  Charter  of  William  of  Hicford  of  a 
yardland. 

WILLIAM  of  Hicford  gives  to  Godstow  a  yardland  in  Hicford,  16 
viz.  that  which  his  father 1  Bartholomew  gave,  viz.  that  which 
Henry  le  flamyng  held. 

Witnesses  : — Robert  le  megre  ;    Ralph  Harang ;    Robert  of 
Cesterton  ;  Hugh  le  poure ;  Henry,  steward  of  Godstow ;  Ralph,  20 
son  of  Ralph  Harang.] 


?  Grandfather. 


Buckinghamshire:  Ickeford  75 

[70.]     *A  Charter  of  henry  Tullus  of  Ickeford?,  I-made  *  leaf  152. 
to  Robert  Tullus,  for  a  mese,  with  the  pertynentis,  in  1220. 
the  towne  of  Ickeforde,  and  a  yerde  londe,  with  the 
partynentis,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  henry  Tullus  of  Ickeford1  Grant  to 
yaf,   &  cetera,  to  Eobert  Tullus  his  sone,  for  his  homage  and   Tullus,  by 


seruyce,  i.  mese,  witA  the  pertynentis,  in  the  towne  of  Ickeford1 

4  and  a  yerde  of  lond1,  with  mede  and  pertynentes  longywg"  to  the  messuage 

forsaid1  mese  in  the  medys  of  Ickeford1,  the  which  mese  and  land,  late 


the  whicn  yerde  lond1  henry  Flemyng'  somtyme  held1:  To  be  had1 
and  to  be  holde,  to  the  forsaid1  Robert  and  to  his  heires  or  his 
8  assignes,  of  hym  and  his  heires,  in  fee  and  heritage,  frely  and 
quyetly  pesibly  holy  and  fully,  in  weyes  in  pathes  in  medys  in 
pasturis  in  waters  and  fedyngis,  and  with  all  libertees  longyng^ 
to  the  forsaid1  lond}  yeldyng1  j?erof  yerely  to  them  and  to  ther 

12  heires  i.  d!  at  Mighelmasse,  and  to  the  Abbey  of  Godestowe  subject  to 
half  a  marke,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  natiuite  of  seynt  lohn 
Baptist  xl.  d1  and  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Andrew  thappostle  xl.  d1,  Godstow. 
for  all  seruyce  exacciofD.and  demaund1.  And  the  forsaid1  henry 

1  6  and  his  heires  warantijed1  aquyted1  and  defended1  the  forsaid1 
mese,  with  the  pertynentis,  and  the  forsaid1  yerd1  lond1,  with  the 
pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  Eobert  and  to  his  heires  or  his 
assignes  ayenst  all  men  for  euer.  And  that  all  these  afore  write 

20  thyngis,  &  cetera. 

[71.]     *  A  Charter  of  henry  Tullus,   I-made  to  Robert  *  leaf  152, 
Tullus  his  sone,  for  a  mese  with  the  pertynentis  and  Duplicate 
a  yerde  lond?  with  mede  and  perty  nentis  longyng1  of  no*  7°- 
therto  in  the  feldis  of  Ickeford;  yeldyng1  therof  the 
same  rente  as  hit  is  I-writte  in  the  charter  afore 
next,  worde  by  worde,  &  cetera. 

[72.]     A  Charter  of  Emme,  the  wyf  of  henry  Tullus,  About 
I-made  to  Robert  Tullus  her  sone,  for  a  mese  with  1220' 
the  pertynentis  in  the  towne  of  lokeford1  and  a  yerd? 
of  lond?  with  the  mede  and  pertynentis  longyng1 
therto. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Emme,  the  wyf  of  henry  Confirma- 
Tullus,  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  Eobert  Tullus  her  sone,  for  his  homage  •  Robert 


76  Buckinghamshire :  Ickeford 

Tullus,  by  and  seruyce,  i.  mese,  with  the  pertynentis,  in  the  towne  of 

Emm^her  Ickeford;   and   i.   yerde  of  lond1,  with   niede  and   pertyntntis 

daughter  of  longyng1  therto l  the  said1  mese  in  the  feldis  of  Ickeford1,  the  which 

Flemyng,  mese  and  the  whiah  yerde  lond1  henry  Flemyng1  somtynie  held1:  4 

of  no.  70.  TQ  be  ha(J,  and  to  be  ho](j,  to  the  forgai(j>  Robert  and  to  his 

heim  or  to  his  assignes,  of  her  and  her  heires,  in  fee  and 
heritage,  frely  and  quyetly  fully  and  holy,  in  weyes  and  pathes 
in  medis  and  pasturis  in  watirs  and  fedyngis,  and  with  other  8 
Iib0?*teis  longyng1  to  the  forsaid?  lond1,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to 
her  and  to  her  heires  i.  d1.  at  Mighelmasse,  and  to  the  Abbesse 
of  Godestowe  half  a  marke,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  Natiuite  of 
seynt  lohn  Baptist  xl.  d?and  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Andrew  xl.  d1, 
for  aft  seruyce  exaccion)  and  demaunde.  And  the  forsaid1  Emme 
and  her  heires  waran^ed?  aquyted1  and  defended1  the  forsaid1 
mese  with  the  p^rtynentis,  and  the  forsaid1  yerde  lond1  with  the 
pertynentis,  to  Ipe  forsaid1  Robert  and  to  his  heires  or  assignes  1 
ayenst  aft  men  and  women  for  euer.  And  that  thise,  &  cetera. 


*  leaf  152,   [73.]     *A  Charter  of  Emme,  the  doughtir  of  fit}  henry 

1220!*  Flemyng1,   somtyme  the   wyf  of  henry   Tullus   of 

Ickeford;  I-made  to  Richard?  her  sone,  for  his  lond1 

with  mede  and  mese  with  theire  partynentis  in  the 

towne  and  feld1  of  Ickeforde. 

Quit-claim        THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Emme,  the  dough  ter  of 
Henry  Flemyng',  somtyme  the  wyf  of  Henry  Tullus  of  Ickeford1, 


his  mother    yaf  &  cetera  to  Richard?2  his  son*?,  for  his  homage  and  seruyce,  aft  20 
all  right       her  lond1,  with  mede  and  mese  and  other  pertynentis  longyng1  to 


n  no.  70.       the  gai(jilon(ji  in  the  towne  and  feitfof  Ickeford1,  the  which  she 
held1  of  the  abbesse  and  couente  of  Godestowe.     She  yaf  also 
and  graunted1  to  the  same  Richard1  aft  the  right,  fredoin),  and  24 
clayme  that  she  had1  in  the  forsaid1  lond1,  with  the  p^rtynentis,  or 
ever  had1  or  myght  haue  :    To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  with  aft 

*  leaf  152,  the  partynentis  and  *liberteis,  of  her  and  her  heires,  to  the 

forsaid?  Richard1  and  to  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  frely  quyttly  28 
wele  and  pesibly,  bothe  with-out  and  with-iu  the  towne,  in  aft 

1  in  error  for  '  to.'  in    error  ;     or    Robert    may    have    died, 

3  The  Latin   also  has  '  Richard.'     The       and  a    brother  Richard   have   taken   hia 
Christian  name  in  nos.    70,    72   may  be       place. 


Buckinghamshire :   Ickeford  77 

placis  and  esementis  longyng1  to  the  said1  lond?,  yeldyng1  therof 
yerely  to  the  Abbesse  and  Couent  of  Godestowe  half  a  marke  of 
siluer  at  ij.  tmnes  of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  Natiuite 

4  of  seynt  lolin  Baptist  iij.  shillings  iiij.  ct1,  And  at  the  fest  of 
seynt  Andrew  the  appostle  iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1,  for  aft  smiyce 
seculer,  customs,  and  exaccions,  sutis  of  courtis,  and  aft 
demaundis,  savyng1  kyngis  s^myce  also  moche  as  longitft  to  the  Scutage 

8  same  tenement  of  the  same  towne  of  the  same  fee.  And  the 
forsaicT  Emme  and  her  heires  warantijecT  aquytecT  and  defended? 
aft  the  forsaid?  lond1,  with  aft  the  perkynentes  afore-named)  as  hit 
is  aforsaid1,  to  the  forsaicFKichard1  and  to  his  heires  and  assignes, 
12  by  the  forsaicT  smiyce,  ayenst  aft  men  for  ever.  And  for  this 
yifte,  graunte,  &  cetera,  the  said1  Richard?  yaf  to  the  myndecT 
Emme  xl.  shillings  of  sterlyngis  before  handes  into  warison).  And 
>is,  &  cetera. 


[74.     *  Charter  of  John  of  Hicford. 

leaf  64, 
1  6      JOHN  of  Hicford  confirms  to  Godstow  the  yardland  given  by  back. 


his  father1  Bartholomew,  viz.  that  which  Henry  le  flemyng  held. 

Witnesses  :    John  son  of  Nigel,  knight  ;  John  of  Greynvyle  of  Confirma- 

Chilton  ;     Odo    of    Watlington  ;     Edmund    of    the    park    of  Godstow, 

ao  Wodestoke.  *    ° 


At  Godstow,  morrow  of  St.  Hilary,  1294.]  no.  70. 


[75.     *  Charter  of  a  yardland  in  Hicford  of  the  gift  of 

Sir  Thomas  of  Appleton.  leaf  64, 

back. 


SIR  THOMAS  of  Appleton,  knight,  gave  to  Godstow  a  messuage 

in  the  town  of  Hicford  with  a  yardland  and  the  meadow  belong-  Grant  to 

24  ing  to  it,  which  Koger  son  of  Hereward  fulb.  once  held  in  by>sir°W> 

vilinage,  free  of  all  service.  Thomas  of 

Appleton, 

Witnesses:  Sir  Fulk  of  Ruycote,  knight;   William,  master  of  ofamessu- 
Godestow  ;  William,  chaplain  of  Godestow  ;    John,  son  of  Nigel 
28  of  Borstalle.] 

1  His  ancestor  ? 


78  Buckinghamshire :  Litil  Myssynden 

[LITTLE  MISSENDEN.] 

[NOTE. — At  the  dissolution  (1540)  the  land  Anfric  in   Little  Missenden  parish 
yielded  Godstow  £3  6s.  8d.  yearly  :  Monast.  iv.  374.] 


*  leaf  VII 
or  19, 
back. 
125f, 
March  23. 

Sale  to 
Godstow, 
by  Ralph 
and  Agnes 
Chendut, 
flntroit  of 
IV  Sunday 
in  Lent.] 
of  land 
called  An- 
fric, late 
held  by  Sir 
Ralph  of 
the  checur 
[Ralph  de 
Ely  occurs 
Baron  of 
the  Ex- 
chequer, 
1241]. 
Sale-price 


besides 
taking  his 
sister-in- 
law  Ka- 
therine 
into  a 
nun's 

place  with- 
out a  por- 
tion. 

The  sellers 
to  find 
their  own 
and  their 
servants' 
'  horse  and 
harness  ' 
while  ob- 
taining con- 
firmation 
in  the 
king's 
court. 
Payment  to 
be  in  two 


[76.]     *  A  quiet  clayme   of  certeyn  lond^s  made  to  }>e 
Apbbess]  of  G[odestowe]  by  R[alph]  Chendut. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  a-corde  is,  that  bytwene  the  lady  of 
Godstowe  &  the  couent  of  that  on  party,  &  Raph  Chendut  & 
agnes  hys  wyfe  of  that  othyr  party,  at  Godstowe,  the  sonne-day 
in  the  whyche  is  songe  '  letare  lerusalem,'  the  yere  of  kynge  4 
henry  the  sonne  of  kynge  lohn  xliij0,  so,  that  is  to  say,  that  the 
seyd  E-aph  hathe  left  &  claymycf  to  be  in  rest  for  hym  selfe,  by 
the  consent  &  the  assent  of  agnes  hys  wyfe  &  of  hys  heyrys,  alt 
the  ryht  &  clayme  that  they  haddyn  or  myht  haue  in  the  londe  8 
that  is  callid  Anfric,  the  whyche  sumtyme  was  of  si?  Raph  of 
the  checu?,  uppon  ryngeshuft  l  in  the  parisshe  of  litil  Myssynden, 
with  aft  hys  pertinences,  in  medewys,  pasturys  &  in  wodys,  with 
out  ony  witA-holdynge  a-geyne,  that  may  longe  to  hem  or  to  12 
he?  heyrys  in  ony  maner  of  wyse,  to  the  seyd1  Abbas  &  couent 
of  Godstowe  &  to  he?  successours  for  euyr.     For  thys  quiete- 
claime  &  reles,  the  seyd  abbas  &  holy  mynchons  of  Godstowe 
yafe  to  the  seyde  raph  &  agnes  hys  wyfe  liij°.  marke  &  made  16 
katerine,  the  systw  of  the  seyd  agnes  (wyfe  of  the  seyd  raph), 
Mynchon  in  the  monasteri  of  Godstowe  with  the  costys  of  the 
hows :    &  the  same  Raph,  by  the  bettyr  councett  &  prouidence 
of  discrete  men,  with-out  tariinge  or  slewthynge,  al  so  sone  as  20 
hyt  myht  lawfully  be  done,  with  the  hows  costys,  he  sholde 
more-ouyr  make  hys  wyfe  to  make  the  seyd  londe  to  be  charturcT 
in  the  kyngys  courte,  out-take  that  the  seyd  raph  shal  fynde 
hors  &  harnes  to  hym-selfe  &  to  hys  wyfe  &  to  hem  that  were  of  24 
hys  howshold1  al  so  longe  as  they  laboryd1  a-bout  the  purchesynge 
of  the   kyngys   chartur;    and   the   seyd   holy   my[^]chons   of 
Godstowe    shold1  pay   to   the   seyd   raph    &    agnes    hys   wyfe 
xxv.  marke  of  the  forseyd  liij.  marke  in  that  day  in  the  whyche  28 
the  fore-seyd1  katerine  sholde  be  delyuercT  to  hem  to  be  norysshyd1 
&  to  be  made  mynchon  in  the  same  place  &  in  the  whyche  the 

1  This,  by  the  map,  ought  to  be  Kyngeshuff. 


Buckinghamshire:  Little  Missenden  79 

seyd1  penyes  shold1  be  payd1;    but  wbenne  the  chartur  in  the   instal- 
kyngys  court  was  leueyid1,  in  the  place  puruyid1  by  the  consent 


of  both  partys,  all  the  residewe  of  the  forseyd  summe  of  money  stow,  when 
4  ouer  xxv.  marke  vn-to  liij.  marke  shold?  be  satisfyecT  to  the  seyd  enters  * 


raph  &  agnes  hys  wyfe  by  the  seyd  abbas  &  holy  mynchons,  in 

the  same  day  ])at  the  chartur  was  leueyid1,  a-fore  J  or  the  chartur  place  to  be 

we?  deliuyrcf  [toj  the  seyd  holy  mynchons,  vndur  peyne  of  x.  marke  u^f,  when 

8  to  be  payd1  to  raph  &  agnes  hys  wyfe  to-gedur  with  the  principal  ^^n^i 

dette  that  was  not  payd?.     Also  the  seyde  holy  mynchons  of  Godstow 
Godstowe  grauntyd  that  they  myht  dystreyne  thorowe  londys 


rentys  &  catelt  where-so-euyr  they  weryn  in  the  power  of  the  ditions,  by 
12  kywge  of  almayne  by  the  baillys  to  the  forseyd  couenaunt  surely  over  lands 
to  be  kept  yf  they  may  dystreyne  lawfully.    And  yf  hyt  happun  Bi^ard6  ° 
that  the  seyd1  raph  doo  gyl  fully  in  ony  man^r  wyse  a-geynyst  earl  of 
the  forseyd  couenaunt,  that  he  shold1  be  constreynyoT  to  hold1  [King 
1  6  couenaunt  by  lyke  dystreynynge  ;  &  yf  hyt  happun  or  case  falle 
that  in  no  wyse  the  forseyd!  couenaunt  myht  be  stable  and  sure 
by  the  seyd1  raph  &  agnes  hys  wyfe,  the  seyd  raph  sholcF  paye   chendut 
-    ageyne  *  xxv.  marke,  payd1  by  fore  hond1  to  the  same  raph,  to  the    ^hnse!?  to 
20  seycTholy  mynchons  with-iri  iij.  monethys  next  folowynge,  &  that  2   carry  out 
was  iugyd1  by  dyscrete  men,  with  lyke  peyne  as  hyt  is  a-fore  ;   &   covenants. 
then  the  seyd1  lond1  of  anfric,  with  hys  pertynences,  sholde  byde   *leaf  VIII 
in  the  state  in  the  whyche  hyt  was  a-fore  thys  couenaunt,  tille 
24  the  tyme  that  hyt  we?0  iugyd1,  a-fore  the  kynges  iuge,  who  of 
hem  had  more  ryht  to  hyt  (that  is  to  sey,  whether  the  abbas 
of  Godstowe  &  the  couent,  or  the  seyde  raph  &  agnes  hys  wyfe), 
but3  that  pese  we?e  reformyd?  with  a  bettur  condicion  by-twene 
28  hem  &  strife  I-cesid.    And,  yfe  alt  thyng^s  as  we?  a-fore  dyuisid? 
myhtyn  haue  a  goode  eifecte  &  ende,  aftur  J>e  chartur  were 
leueyid,  the  seyd1  raph  shold1  make  to  the  seyde  holy  mynchons  Ralph 
hys  chartur  of  feffynge  to  hem  &  to  he?  successours  of  aft  the  aft®£  tjje' 

32  forenamycT  londe  with  hys    pertynenc^s   for   hym-selfe   &  hys  king's  court 

_.  assented  to 
heyrys  or  hys  assynys.     And  that  alt  these  thyngys  a-fore  seyd1  the  sale, 

myhtyn  a-byde  ferme  sure  &  stable,  the  seyd  abbas  &  couent  & 
the  seyd?  raph  of  Chendut  haue  put  to  he?  seelys,  euyryche  confirming 
.36  a-geynyst  othyr,  to  the  wrytynge  I-made  like  a  chartur  :  &  is  Godstow. 
with-out  date. 

1  i.  e.  or  before.  2  i.  e.  whatever  compensation-money  was,  &c. 

3  but  that  =  unless. 


80 


125|, 

March  24. 


Acknow- 
ledgement 
to  Godstow, 
by  Ralph 
Chendut, 
of  pay- 
ment of 
£16  133.  4&, 
in  part  pay- 
ment of 
no.  76. 


Buckinghamshire :  Little  Missenden 

[77.]     A  quietans  of  Raph  Chendut  of  xxv.  marke  made 
to  ye  mynchons  of  Godstow. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  quietans  is,  that  Raph  Chendut  &  agnes 
hys  wyfe  (the  dowhtur  of  syr  raph  of  the  checur)  wyllydden  to 
be  knowe  that  they  receyuyd1  of  the  holy  mynchons  of  Godstowe 
xxv.  marke  of  sterlyngys,  of  liij.  marke  in  the  whych  the  seyd 
mynchons  were  I-bounde  to  pay  to  the  forseyde  Raph  &  agneys 
for  the  peece  &  couenaunt  I-made  by-twene  the?  bothe  pertyes 
for  the  londe  of  anfric,  as  hyt  is  conteynyd  in  the  chartur  by- 
twene  bothe  partyes  forseyd1  I-made ;  &  that  none  askynge  were 
there-of  afturwaroT  of  the  seyd1  holy  mynchons  by  the  seyd1  raph 
&  agneys  hys  wyfe  of  the  for  seyd  xxv.  marke.  I-gyfe  at  god- 
stowe  in  the  vigil  of  the  annunciacion  of  ou?£  lady,  the  ye?  of 
kynge  henry,  the  sone  of  kynge  Jolin,  xliij. 


*  leaf  VII 
or  19. 
About 
1259. 

Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow  by 
Adam 
Sperling, 
as  feudal 
superior,  of 
a  portion  of 
no.  76, 


*  leaf  VII 
or  19, 
back. 

subject  to 
a  quit-rent 


*leafVIU 
or  20. 
1286, 

April. 


12 


[78.]     *  A  quiet  clayme  by  A.  S.  of  o  pece  [of]  londe  to 
ye  A[bbess]  of  G[odstowe]  in  WLusaynden. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  that  Adam  Sperlinge  of 
kyngeshuft  gmuntyd  &  claymyd  [to  be]  in  pees  &  rest,  for 
hym  &  hys  heyrys,  to  the  abbas  of  Godstowe  &  to  the  couent  of 
the  same  place  &  to  her  successours,  j.  pece  of  londe  with  hys  16 
p^rtynens,  the  whyche  raph  of  the  checur  sum  tyme  had  of  the 
forseyde  adam  Sperlynge,  the  whyche  pece  of  londe  strecchyth 
hyt  self  in  lengthe  nyhe  the  watur  in  the  parysshe  of  lititt 
Myssynden  euyn  streyht  a-geynyst  the  Mylle,  willinge  the  for-  20 
eeyd  pece  of  londe  to  be  had  &  holde  to  the  same  *  Abbas  and 
couent  a-fore  seyde  &  to  he?  successours,  herytably,  frely  &  in 
rest,  for  hym  &  for  hys  heyrys  for  euyr,  paynge  yerly  to  hym  & 
to  hys  heyrys  iij.  d1,  that  is  to  say,  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Myhel  24 
j.  d1.  ot).,  &  at  the  fest  of  ou?  lady  in  Marche  j.  cT.  oB.,  for  al  seruice  & 
demaundys ;  &,  that  he  he?-aftur  ne  none  of  hys  heyrys  miht 
axe  ony  thynge  of  ryht  or  of  clayme  in  the  forseyd  pece  of  lond1, 
he  set  to  hys  seele  to  thys  for-seyd  chartur :  &  is  wtA-out  date.  28 

[79.]      *  a  final  a-corde  I-made  in  ]>e  kynges  court  at 
wycombe    by-twene  the    Abbas   of  Godestowe   &     . 
williawi  hyebrynge  for  J>e  lowde  of  anfric. 
THE  sentence  of  thys  euydence  is,  that  a  final  concorde  was 


Sale  to 

by°the°heirs   made  in  lp*  kynges  cowrt  at  wycombe  fro  estur  day  in-to  thre 


Buckinghamshire :  Little  Missenden  81 

wokys,  the  ye?  of  the  reyne  of  kynge  Edwarde,  the  sone  of  kynge  of  Kalph 
henry,  the  xiiij,  a-fore  lohn  of  walys,  William  of  Maham,  Roger  C  Lut' 
Loueday,  lohn  of  Metyngham,  &  Nicholas  le  gras,  Justices 

4  iurnaynge,  &  othyr  trewe  men  of  the  kyngys  part  there  beynge 
present,  bytwene  william  of  hye-brynge  &  katerine  hys  wyfe  & 
raph  the  sone  of  raph  Chendut,  asker,  and  Mabili  wafre,  Abbas 
of  Godstowe,  tenent,  by  Edmunde  of  parke  in  he?  place  or  styd 

8  to  gete  or  to  lese,  of  on  yerdlonde  with  hys   pertynences  in 
kyngyshuft  in  the  paryshe  of  litil  Myssyndyn,  where-of  '  Assise  [Assisa 
[of]  hys  auncetwr  dede'  was  take  by-twene  hem  in  the  same  court,  ^t^essoria 
that  is  to  sey,  the  forseyde  william  &  kateryne  &  raph  know-  ort  of  mort 

12  lychycT,  or  made  a  recognicion,  the  foreseyd?  mese  &  londe  with  ter.] 

hys  pertinences  to  be  the  ryht  of  the  abbas  &  of  the  churche  of  of  all  claim 
ou?  lady  seynt  Marye  &  of  seyrct  lohn  baptist  of  Godstowe,  &  m  no*  76' 
they  haue  relesyd1  &  claymyd  hyt  to  be  in  rest  of  hew  &  he? 

1 6  heyrys  raph  &  kateryne,  to  the  fore  seyd1  abbas,  &  to  othyr  ab- 
basses  the  whych  shuft  succede  to  hyr,  &  to  hyr  forseyd1  churche 
for  euyr.     And  for  thys  reconysaunce,  reles   &  quiete  clayme.  Purchase 
fine    &   acorde,  the  same  abbas  gafe   to   the   forseyd*  williaw, 

20  kateryne  &  raph  x.  marke  of  sterlingys. 


[80.]     A  couenant  I-made  by-twene  j>e  Abbas  of  God-  1322, 
stowe  &  'Richard  bacheler  of  ij.  acris  at  anfric.          Nov>  *' 

THE  sentence  of  thys  conuencion  is,  that  a  couenaunt  was  made  Grant  by 
by-twene  dame  margery  dyne,  Abbas  of  Godstowe,  &  the  couent  to  Richard 


of  the  on  part,  &  Richard1  bacheler  of  lytytt  Missenden  of  that 
24  othyr  party,  that  is  to  sey,  that  the  seyd1  abbas  (dame  *  Margerie)  *ieaf  VIII 
&  the  couent  tokyn  &  leten  to  the  forseyd1  Richard1  &  Malde  hys  JJ^Jj^' 
wyfe,  for  a  suwime  of  Money  the  whyche  the  forseyd1  Richard1  & 
Malde  yaf  to  hem  by-fore  hondes,  to  acris  of  londe  with  the 
28  pertinences  in  the  parysshe  of  litul  Missenden;   &  tho  two  acris  of  two  acres 
lien  at  anfric,  in  lengthe  by-twene  the  lond1  of  henry  taylfer 
vppou  the  northe  part  &  the  kyngys  wey  vppon  the  southe  part, 
&  in  brede  by-twene  the  felde  that  is  callid1  the  stonyfeelde  vppon 
32  the  west  part  and  the  kyngys  wey  vppon  the  est  part,  as  the 
markes  &  departyngys  vppon  euery  syde  techen  &  shewyn.    Also 
the  seyde  abbas  &  couent  willicT  to  the  for-seyd  Richard1  &  Maid1 
the  fore-seyd1  ij.  acris  of  londe  with  he?  pertinences,  to  haue  & 

Q 


82 


*  leaf  153. 

About 

1108. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Emma 
Bray, 


age,  lands, 


and  pas-v 
tare-right 
for  40  pigs. 


About 
1198. 


Duplicate, 
but  in 
slightly 


Buckinghamshire :  Oclee 

holde  hem  vn-to  f>e  ende  of  her1  liuys,   frely  in  rest,  weft    & 
pesybly,  of  the  chefe  lordys  of  the  fee  by  the  seruice  dewe  & 
vsyd?  ther-of:    and  the  forseyd1  Dame  Margery  &  the   couent 
warentyd1  the  fore-seyd  ij.  acris  of  londe  vfith  the  pertinences  to  4 
the  for-seyd1  Richard1  &  Maid1  vn-to  he?  liuys  ende  a-geynst  alt 
pepuft.      In-to  wytnes  ther'-of  they  put  to  here  seelys  to  the 
wrytynge  therof  endentyd1,  euerych  a-geynyst  othyr.     I-geyf  at 
Godstowe  in  the  fest  of  all  haloun  the  yere  of  kynge  Edwarde  8 
the  sone  of  kynge  Edward1  xvj. 

[OAKLEY  in  Boarstall  Parish.] 

[81.]  *  A  Charter  of  Emme  Bray,  I-made  to  the  myn- 
chons  of  Godestowe,  for  half  a  mese  in  Oclee,  j  acre, 
j  Crofte,  j  yerde  lond1,  that  is  to  sey,  xij.  acris  vpon 
Innesdon)  and  the  other  parte  of  bonde  lond1,  with  all 
ther  pertynentis,  and  xl.  hogges  in  his *  wode  quyte 
fro  pannage. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Emme  Bray  grauntecT& 
cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestow  ther 
seruyng1  god,  for  the  heltfi  of  the  soules  of  her  fadir  and  modir  1 2 
and  of  her  children)  and  of  aft  her  benefetowrs  and  for  the  helth 
of  her  sowle,  half  a  mese  that  was  of  Jolin  Maunseft,  and  j  acre, 
a  crofte,  a  yerde  lond?,  that  is  to  sey,  xij.  acris  vpon  Innesdon) 
and  the  other  perte  of  bonde  lond?,  with  aft  ther  pertynentis  and  16 
fre  customes,  in  wode  and  playne,  in  mede  and  pasture,  in  weyes 
and  pathis,  and  xl.  hoggis  in  his  *  wode  quyte  of  pannage,  into 
pure  fre  and  perpetuel  almesse,  and  quyte  fro  aft  seculer  seruyce 
and  aft  exaccion)  that  longith  to  hym1,  Savyng^he  kyngis  seruyce :  20 
To  be  hold1  of  her  and  her  heires  for  ever.     These  beyng1  wit- 
nesse,  &  cetera. 

[82.]  A  Charter  of  Emme  Bray,  I-made  to  the  myn- 
chons of  Godestow,  for  j  yerde  lond1  in  Borestatt, 
with  j  mese,  and  j  acre  lond1  to  the  Crofte  of  that 
hyde  that  longith  to  Oclee,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Emme  Bray  graunted) 
&  cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ther  24 

1  i.  e.  her. 


Buckinghamshire:  Torueston  83 

seruyng1  god,  for  the  heltli  of  the  sowles  of  her  fadir  and  modir  different 


and  children  and  of  aft  her  benefetcwrs  and  for  the  heltt  of  her  JoTs?  °f 
soule,  j  yerd1  of  lond1  in  Bor  staff,  with  a  mese,  and  j  acre  lond? 

4  to  the  crofte  of  that  hyde  that  longitfi  to  Aclee,  with  alt  his 
pertynentis  and  fre  customes,  in  wode  and  playne,  and  mede  and 
pasture,  and  weyes  and  pathes,  and  xl.hogges  in  her  wode  quyte 
fro  pannage,  into  perpetuel  almesse,  and  quyte  fro  aft  seculer 

8  seruyce  and  aft  exaccion)  that  longed1  to  her,  Savyng1  the  kyngis 
seruyce  :  To  be  hold1  of  her  and  of  her  heires  for  euer.  These 
beyngi  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[83.]     A  Couenaunt  I-made  bitwene  the  Abbey  of  Tame   A..D.  1198, 
and  the   abbey  of  Godestowe  for  j  yerd?  lond1  in 
Oclee  to  be  hold1  of  theym). 
*  THE  sentence  of  this  writyng1  is  that  there  was  a  couenaunte   *  leaf  153> 

12  I-made  the  ix.  yere  of  kyng1  Richard1,  bitwene  the  abbey  of  Tame,   Grant  by 
and  the  Abbey  of  Godestowe,  fat  the  abbey  of  Godestowe,  with  ?£^w'to 
the  assent  of  Emme  Bray,  toke,  and  in  writyng1  confermed1,  to  Abbey, 
the  abbey  of  Tame,  j  yerde  on  lond?  in  Oclee,  fynally  to  be  hold?  of  *he  land 

1  6  of  them,  with  aft  his  pertynentis  and  his  fre  customs,  in  wode 
and  playne,  mede  and  pasture,  in  weyes  and  pathis,  fre  and  quyte. 
fro  aft  seculer  seruyce  that  longed?  to  them,  Savyng1  foreyn) 
seruyce,  for  viij.  shillings  yerely  at  ij.  t0rm.es,  that  is  to  sey,  ataquit- 

20  half  at  Ester  and  half  at  myghelmasse.     And  this  is  the  yerde 
lond1  the  which  the  forsaid1  Emme  Bray  yaf  to  the  mynchons 
of  Godestowe  in  Oclee  and  confermed1  hit   with  her  charter,  reserving 
And  she  graunted?to  the  same  mynchons  of  Godestowe  xl.  hoggis  thepasture- 

24  in  her  wode  euery  yere,  quyte  fro  pannage  to  her  yerd1  lond1. 
These  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[TURWESTON.] 

[84.]     *A   Charter    of   Raaf   Stonylle,   I-made    to    the  *ieafiee 
mynchons  of  Godestowe  for  half  a  marke  of  siluer  1230? 
of  the  mylle  of  Torueston,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Baaf  Stonylle  *  yaf,  &   Grant  to 
cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ther 


28  seruyng1  god1,  into  pure  and  perpetuel  almesse,  for  his  helth  and  Scovilla> 

1  Head  «  Scoujlle.'     Eadulfus  de  Scovilla  of  Turweston  made  gifts  to  Einsham  and 
Oseney. 


G  2 


84 


[burial  at 
Godstow] 

of  a  rent- 
charge  of 
6s.  8<Z.,  issu- 
ing out  ot 
the  mill. 


Buckinghamshire :  Torueston 

for  the  helthe  of  laurence  his  wyf  and  for  the  sowles  of  his 
auncetottrs  and  for  the  helthe  of  his  successours,  with  his  body 
and  the  body  of  the  forsaicT  laurence  his  wyf,  half  a  marke  of 
sillier  yerely 1  of  the  rente  of  his  mylle  of  Torueston),  into  whos-  4 
euer  hande  the  forsaid1  mylle  were  to  be  take,  at  ij.  termes  of  the 
yere,  that  is  to  sey,  atte  fest  of  seynt  Petir  that  is  I-callecP 
Ad  uincula,  xl.  d1;  and  -atte  fest  of  our  lady  in  marche,  other 
xl.  d1.  And  J?at  £>is,  &  cetera.  8 


1308, 

May  10. 


Agreement 
by  Godstow 
to  excuse 
arrears  of 
the  rent- 
charge 
(no.  84),  due 
8  Sept. 


on  condi- 
tion of  the 
tenant  re- 
building 
the  mill. 


[85.]  A  Charter  of  Moolde  vptori),  abbesse  of  Godestowe, 
pardonyng1  to  Emme  that  was  somtyme  the  wyf  of 
william  of  mylles  of  ToruestoiD  att  the  arreragis  of 
theire  Rente,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Moolde  vpton),  Abbesse 
of  Godestowe,  and  the  Couente  of  the  same  place,  remytted1  and 
pardoned1  to  Emme,  that  was  the  wyf  of  William  of  the  mylles 
of  Torueston),  aH  the  arreragis  of  theire  rente  the  which  they  12 
were  behynde  before,  vnto  the  fest  of  the  Natiuite  of  our  lady 
the  first  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng^  Edward  the  sone  of  kynge 
Edwarde ;  So  that  the  forsaid?  Emme  and  her  heires  sholcT  make 
and  bilde  agayne  the  forsaid1  mylle,  with  theire  owne  costis,  afore  16 
the  fest   aforsaid1,    And   pay  afterward?  euery  yere  the  forsaid1 
rente,  that  is  to   sey,  vj.  shillings  viij.  cT.   to  them  in  wonyd1 
termes,  truly  without  gyle  :  or  els  this  present  writyng1  sholcf  be 
had1  for  nought.    Into  witnesse,  &  cetera.    The  date  at  Godestowe,  20 
the  x.  day  of  may,  in  the  yere  abouesaide. 


*  leaf  151. 

About 

1220. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Ralph 
Harange, 


[WESTBUEY  (near  Brackley).] 

[86.]  *A  Charter  of  Baaf  Harange,  I-made  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestowe,  for  j  oke  and  a  cartlode  of 
roddys  in  his  wode  of  westbury. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Raaf  harange  yaf  & 
cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  holy  mynchons  of  Godestow 
ther  seruyng1  god1,  in-to  pure  and1  perpetuel  almesse,  for  the  helth 


1  The  rent-charge  is  mentioned  in  the  1291   Taxatio  Ecclesiastica  of  pope  Nicholas 
IV,  in  Buckingham  deanery. 


Buckinghamshire  :    Westbury  85 

of  hym  his  wyf  and  his  children,  and  for  his  fadirs  and  modirs 
sowles  and  aunceturs  soules,  j  oke  and  j  cartlode  of  roddis  in  of  wood- 
his  wode  of  westbury,  yerely  to  be  take  at  these  tmnes,  that  is   rights< 
4  to  sey,  in  march  a  cartlode  of  roddes,  and  at  whitsontyde  an 
oke  l.     And  he  and  his  heires  warantrjecT  for  euer  that  same 
almesse  to  the  forsaid1  holy  mynchons,  &  cetera. 

[WYCOMBE.] 
[i.  Documents  relating  to  the  rectory.] 

[NOTE.  —  At  the  dissolution,  1540,  the  rectory  was  valued  (Monast.  iv.  374)  at  £16, 
and  Godstow  paid  out  yearly  75.  Sd.  for  procurations  and  synodals,  and  i6s.  Sd.  to 
the  poor  at  Christmas  and  Easter.] 

[87.     *  Charter  of  King  Henry.  *  Exchequer 

MS.  leaf  152, 


HENKY,  king  of  England,  lets  French  and  English  know  ^bJut  1175 
8  that  he  has  given  to  Godstow  the  church  of  Wycombe.  Grant  to  God- 

Witnesses  :-G[eoffrey   Ridel]   bishop  of  Ely  [1174-89], 
John  [of  Oxford]  bishop  of  Norwich  [1175—1200],  Richard   tory' 
of  Lucy,  William  of  Boketot,  etc.] 

[88.     *  Charter  of  the  church  of  Wicumbe.          *  Exchequer 

MS.  leaf  153. 
1  2      RJCHAKD,  '  minister  '  of  the  church  of  Canterbury  and  pri-   About  1175. 

mate  of  England  and  legate,  confirmed  to  Godstow  the  church 
of  Wycombe  of  the  institution  of  G[eoffrey  Plantagenet] 
bishop  elect  [  1  17  3]  and  the  presentation  of  the  king  of  England,   terbuiy  (1174- 
16      Witnesses  :—  Walter  Baioc2,  archdeacon;  Mr,  P.  Blesen-  ^f  the  rec- 
sis  3  ;  William  of  Norhall  ;  Mr.  Robert  of  Inglesham.] 

[89.     *  Collation  of  Wycombe  Church  'by  W,  bishop  *  Exchequer 

*        MS.  leaf  153. 

of  Lincoln.  A.D.  ii84. 

P.  surrendered  the  church  of  Wycombe,  which  he  had  of  Collation  of 
the  gift  of  the  king  of  England.     The  bishop  [Walter  de   Godstowjby0 
20  Constantiis,  1  183-4]  gave  the  church  to  Godstow.  the  diocesan- 

Witnesses  :  —  Robert  [de  Burnham],  archdeacon  of  Buck- 
ingham ;  Osebert  of  the  chamber  of  the  king.] 

1  Perhaps  in  view  of  repairs  to  Godstow  2  i.  e.  of  Bayeux. 

houses  in  Brackley.     The  feudal  superior  3  Peter   of    Blois,   cancellarius    to    the 

generally  provided  the  timber  for  repairs  primate  (1173). 
of  the  housing  of  copyholds. 


86 

*  Exchequer 
MS.  leaf  152, 
back. 

About  1200. 
Confirmation 

*  leaf  153. 
toGrodstow,  by 
William  of 
Boketot(ofthe 
rectory  ?). 


Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe 
[90.     *  Charter  of  William  of  Boketot. 


WILLIAM  of  Boketot  confirmed  to  Godstow  king  Henry's 
gift  of  Wicumbe  *as  they  held  it  in  the  time  of  king  Henry 
and  John,  count  of  Moretam. 

Witnesses  : — Michael  de  Bosco,  Robert  Pemart,  Ralph  of  4 
Peletot.] 


*  Bawl. 
MS.  leaf 
183. 
1331, 

Nov.  27. 


Lease  by 
G-odstow, 


to  John 
Coleman 
(of  GOatton, 
Hunting- 
don) and 
Robert  atte 
Walle  (of 
Maxey, 
Northamp- 
tonshire), 
*  leaf  183, 
back. 
"Transla- 
tion of 
Thomas 
Becket  = 
July  7.] 
for  ten 
years,  of 
the  rectory 
of  Wy- 
combe and 
its  profits, 
reserving 
to  Godstow 
the  tithe  of 
flax  and 
hemp. 


[War  risks 
excepted.] 


[91.]  *A  Couenaunte  I-made,  bytwene  the  Abbesse  of 
Godestowe,  and  sire  loiln  Colemafi),  person)  of 
Glatton,  and  sir  "Robert  at  the  walle,  perpetual! 
vicary  of  Makesey,  for  the  personage  of  wycombe  to 
ferme  I-sette  for  x.  yere,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  covenaunte  is  this,  that  the  xxvij.  day 
of  Nouembre,  the  fyfte  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  Edward1  the 
thirde,  hit  was  accorded1  bitwene  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  8 
the  Covente  of  the  same  place  of  the  one  partie,  and  sir  lohn 
Coleman),  person)  of  the  chirche  of  Glatton),  and  sir  Robert  atte 
walle  of  Newenden),  perpetuett  vicary  of  Makesey,  ioyntly  and 
departyngly  of  the  other  parte  So  that  the  one  shold1  not  better  12 
than  the  other,  that  is  to  sey,  *that  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and 
Couente  toke,  grauntecT,  and  lette  to  ferme,  to  the  said1  sers  lohn 
and  Robert  and  to  her  executours,  fro  the  day  of  the  transulacion) 
of  seynt  Thomas  the  martir  next  after  the  day  of  the  makyng-  of  16 
this  present  writyng1  vnto  the  ende  of  x.  yere  fully  complete 
next  folowyng1,  [the1  manor  of  the  rectory  of  Wycumbe]  with 
all  cornys,  heyes,  wolles,  and  lambis,  rentis,  londis,  and  customs, 
and  with  all  and  evericft  profitis  and  tythis,  the  forsaid1  terme  20 
duryftg1,  fallyng1  chaunsyng1  or  longyng1  to  the  said1  Rectorie  or 
parsonage  in  ony  wise,  out-take 2  all  lynnen  and  hemp  comyng1 
to  the  said1  chirche,  the  whiche  were  reserved1  to  the  Covent  of 
Godestowe.     To  the  which  covenaunte  truly  to   be   hold1,  the  24 
forsaid1  abbesse  and  Couente  bounde  them  self  and  ther  goodes 
in  J>ere  manors,  wherso-ever  they  were  I-founde,  to  distreynyng1 
of  all  Ipe  forsaid1  of  the  chirche  or  of  the  seculere  parte.     And 
for  the  said1  ferme  the  forsaid1  lolin  and  Robert,  pease  I-supposeoT  28 


1  Accidentally  omitted  in  the  English.       Wycumbe.' 
The    Latin   is  :     '  manerium    rectorie   de  2  Latin :  *  exceptis  linis  et  cambris.' 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wycombe  87 

and  had1  of  that  countre  l,  sholcT  susteyne  and  leve  that  manere  The  lessees 
aforsaid1  in  al  so  good1  state  or  better  than  they  resceivecT  hit. 


And  they  shold1  repaire  sufficiantly  the  chaunceft  of  the  said1  ma;n°rial 
4  chirche  in  aft  coueryng1  to  aft  that  terme  aforsaid;  aft  casis  of  (6)  the 
fortune  out-take  the  whicfi  shold1  not  be  put  to  them  nother  to 
ther  executours,  to  the  whicn  the  said1  lolin  and  Robert  bounde   (inordinary 
not  them-self.     And  the  saioT  Abbesse  and  Couente  shold1  fynde   Godst'ow 


8  grete  tymbre  to  aft  the  workes  in  the  said?  manere,  whan  that 

hit  were  nede  to  be  amended1  and  I-covereoT.     Yeldyng1  therof  Kent  =£20 

yerely,   duryng1  the  terme  aforsaid1,   to  the  seid1  abbesse   and  besides 

Couente  of  Godestowe  xx.  li.  of  good1  and  lawfuft  money  in  the  £ayi*Jg  to 

12  termes  vndir-writte,  That  is  to  sey,  in  the  fest  o£  the  Annun-  £8  yearly 
ciacion)  of  oure  lady,  x.  K,  and  in  the  fest  of  Seynt  Margarete, 


x.  li  ;  And  to  the  Priour  of  Beke  Harlewyne,  viij.  li.,  that  is  to 
sey,  iiij.  li.  in  the  fest  of  Seynt  Migheft  and  iiij.  li.  in  the  fest  Leet,  and 
1  6  of  f>e  Annunciacion)  of  oure  lady;  Also  they  shold1  paye  to  the  yea^fy(jue 
Courte  of  wallyngford1,  half  a  marke  by  yere  ;  and  to  sire  lohn  Lessees  to 
Cromwelle,  xij.  d1;  And  to  the  Burgeys  of  wy  combe,  rente  dewe  chaplain81 


to  them;    And  to  the  Archidekon)  of  Bokyngham,  procuracy. 
20  And  the  forsaicT  lohn  and  Robert  [should  find]  one  chapeleyne,   chantry 
with  ther  owne  costis,  dayly  syngyng1  in  the  chirche  of  wycombe 


at  aft  the  terme  aforsaicT.     And  the  saide  lohn  and  Robert  shold1  Godstow 
pay  euery  yere,   duryng1  the  forsaid1  tmne,   iiij.  marfc  to  the  pittance  on 
24  abbesse  and  Couente  of  Godestowe  the  which  were  specially     ov*  If 
assigned1,  that  is  to  sey,  to  pay  at  the  fest  of  aft  seyntis  ;    And 
iiij.  *  ehilly  ngworth  of  Cakys2  specially  I-assigned1  to  the  forsaid1  *  leaf  184. 
abbesse  and  Covente,  That  is  to  sey,  To  be  paid1  at  the  fest  of 


28  seynt  lame3.    And  that  the  Abbesse  in  her  every  comyng1  shold1  cakes  on 
haue  easementis  of  houses  in  the  same  maner  aforsaid1.     And  the  <jay  ; 
said1  lohn  and  Robert,  the  terme  aforsaid1  ended1,  shold1,  as  good1  *°  sive  the 
husbondis,  shold1  so  we  the  londis  of  the  said1  maner  to  be  so  we,   houseroom 

32  and  delyuere  them  so  I-sowe  into  the  handes  of  the  said1  Abbesse 

and  Couent  :  And  4  they  sowed1  lesse  of  a  quarter  the  yere  last  of  Tillage  con- 
the  terme  aforsaid1  than  in  the  yere  of  this  makyngiwere  I-sowe, 
they  shold1  to  the  said1  abbesse  and  Couente  satisfye  of  the 

1  Latin:    'supposita  pace  illius  patrie,'  a  Latin:  'quattuorsolidatasartocoporum. 

i.  e.  district.      In  manorial  deeds  '  patria  '  3  St.  James  =  July  25. 

is  used  generally  to  express  the  township,  4  'and'  =  if. 
or  district,  belonging  to  the  manor. 


88  Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe 

Still  those     residue  of  the  sede.     And  the  said1  lotm  and  Robert  sholcT  make 
to  cary  the  said1  Calds  vnto  Godestowe  vrith  there  owne  costis. 


tion  of          And  yf  hit  happened?  the  said1  lohn  and  Robert  to  hold1  stille  the 
dStrain  for  said1  payment,  in  parte  or  in  aft,  as  hit  is  aforsaicT,  over  a  monetft  4 
rent*  after  certeyne  termes  aboue  I-writte,  or  faile  in  the  paiyng1,  hit 

sholcT  be  lawfuft  to  the  said1  abbesse  and  Couente  to  the  said1 
maner  of  the  parsonage  to  entir  in,  and  to  mynystre  the  goodes 
ther  I-founde,  wttA-holde,  and  selle  as  they  semed1  best,  tille  8 
they  were  fully  I-satisfyecT  of  the  forsaid1  payment,  with  the 
mysis  and  expensis  I-had  by  the  defaute  of  the  said1  loftn  and 
Robert  or  of  ther  executours.      To  the  whicn  payment   and 
couenaunte  to  be  keped1  truly  in  aH  these  articles,  the  forsaid1 12 
lohn  and  Robert  bounde  them-self  and  euerych  of  them  in  the 
hole  and  theire  executours  and  alt  ther  goodes  mevable  and 
vnmeuable,   londes   and   tenements,   where-so-ever   they  were 
I-founde,   bothe   in   the   same   manere   or   elles- where,  to  the  16 
distreynyng1  and  cohercion)  of  the  seid1  Abbesse  and  Couente, 
and  of  aft  luges  bothe  seculer  and  of  the  chircft.     And  the 
terme  of  x.  yere  I-ended1,  the  forsaid1  maner  of  the  parsonage  of 
wycombe  to  turne  agayne  to  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  Couente  20 
fully.     Into  witnesse,  &  cetera.    The  date  at  Godestowe,  the  day 
and  the  yere  abouesaid1. 


•  [2.  Documents  relating  to  tithe  in  Wycombe.] 
*  leaf  177.          [92.1     *  A  sentence  for  the  tythes  of  "Wycombe. 

A.D.  1235. 

Comrnis-  THE  sentence  of  this  sentence  is,  that  the  Priour1  of  Seynt 

by  pope*6      FrideswttA  of  Oxenford1  and  the  deene 2  of  yifteley  toke  the  popes  24 

Gregory  ix  maundeinent  in  these  wordes : — 
(1227—41), 

Gregory,   bisshop,    seruant   of  the  seru  antes  of  god1,  Sende 

willyng1  heltli  and  his  blissyng1  to  his  welbeloueoT  children),  Priour 
to  invest!-  of  seynt  Frideswitft  and  of  yifteley  deene.  The  abbesse  of  28 
Saim  of  Godestowe  and  the  Couente  of  the  same  place  shewed1  to  hym 
for^tithls  that  Abbottis  of  Beke  and  of  Eynysham  and  some  other  of 
said  to  be  lyncolne  wynchestir  and  worcestir  diocises  wronged1  hem  vpon 
3ld'  tithis  and  other  thynges.  Therfor  he  comaundecl?  by  his  32 

1  Helias,  prior  1228-35.  2  Kural  dean  of  Iffley. 


Buckinghamshire  :    Wycombe  89 

writyngis  to  ther  discreciofi),  that,  the  parties  I-callecT,  they  [Formula 
shold1  here  the  cause,  and  appele  I-put  a-side,  they  sholcP  terme   commas-* 
hit  with  a  dew  ende,  makyng1  that  that  they  decreicT  surely  to  Slon>] 
4  be  kepicT  by  the  censure  of  the  chirche  ;  and  the  witnesses  that 
were  I-called1,  yf  they  wztA-drewe  them-self  for  fauour,  haterede, 
or   drede,  they  sholcf  constreyne  them   by  the  same  censure, 
appele  cesyng1,  to  here  witnesse  to  the  trouthe.     And  yf  ye  may 
8  not  aft  be  at   these   thyngis  to  be  executed1,  tweyn)  of  yow 
nathelesse  shold?  execute  hit.     The  date  at  Anager,  kalendis  of   =  1234. 
Octobre,  the  vij.  yere  of  his  bisshoprich. 

By  the  auctorite  of  this  maundement  ther-fore,  they  called1 

12  *  before  them  the  lordis  and  possessioners  and  tenauntis  of  the   *  leaf  177, 
mylles   in   the   parissh   of  wycombe   afore  them  peremptorie,   |^^ow 
the   which   I-sette   afore   them,    the   abbesse  and  Couente  of  as  rector  of 
Godestow,  comperyngi  by  sir  Gilbert  Vyam,  ther  procurator? 

16  I-ordeynecT  to  aft  the  cause,  Ipere  content  I-purposed?  afore  ayenst 

the  forsaicF,  [the]  abbesse  and  covente  of  Godestowe  axecFvndir  this  Wycombe, 
forme,  in  the  maner  of  ther  chirche  of  wycombe,  the  tithes  of 
the  mylles  in  ther  parissh  of  the  chirch  of  wycombe,  that  is  to 

20  sey,   of  "William   Heryne,  of  his  two  mylles  the  whiche  ben) 

I-called1  Burne  mylles  ;  of  Alice  Anguot  and  her  partyners,  of  viz.  Burne 
the  mylle  that  is  I-called1  Bruge  mylle  ;  of  Richard?  of  Croyedene,  j^^J^u 
of  the  mylle  that  is  I-called?  pannmylle  ;  of  Henry  Chesemonger  Pann  mill, 

24  and  his  partyners,  of  ij.  mylles  that  ben  I-called1  Robynmylle  ;   Robyn 
of  William,  of  his  mylles  that  ben  I-called1  Gyuant;   of  John 
ludewater,  of  his  mylle  ;  of  Martyne  Fuller  fulerant  ;  and  they  mill, 
axed1  of  aft  the  forsaicT,  tythes  of  the  forsaid?  mylles,  for  they  Water'sU 


28  longe  to  them  of  the  comofi)  law,  for  they  ben  I-sette  with-in 

the  fulling 

the  lymytes  of  ther  parissh  of  wycombe,  and  they  entende  the  mill. 
axyng1  of  the  fyng1.     The  entente  I-pwrposed1,  they  graunted1  the   On  the 
said1  tythes  to  be  sette  with-in  the  lymytes  of  ther  parissn  of 


32  wycombe.      Wherfor  the  luges,  heryng1  the  knowlech  aforsaid1,   th.at  their 
lugged?  diffynytifly  to  the  said1  mynchons,  in  the  name  of  ther  were  in 


chircli  of  wycombe,  the  said?  tythes  of  mylles  for  ever*,  as  I-sette 

with-in  the  lymytes  of  the  parissh  of  wycombe,  Comaundyng1  to  judgement 

36  the  deene  of  Merlawe  that  he  sholcT  brynge  into  the  possession)  for  God-n 

of  the  tythes  of  the  said1  mylles  the  said1  mynchons,  and  that  he  stow* 

shold?  acurse  solempnely  the  agayfD-sayers  and  troublers  of  the  of  Great 

seid1  possession),  reseruyng1  to  them-self  power  furthermore,  whan  Marlow-l 


90  Buckinghamshire  :   Wycombe 

they  sey  hit  to  be  expedient.  And  into  perpetuel  witnesse  of 
the.  same  tliynge,  they  putte  to  this  writyng1  theire  scales,  & 
cetera. 

*  leaf  171.  [93.]  *A  Charter  of  Ranulph  general!  procurature  of 
tne  Abbot  of  Beke  grauntyng1  to  the  mynchons  of 
Godestowe  att  the  tythes  in  Wycombe  parisshe,  & 

cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  composiciofi)  is  that  BanulpTi,  procura-  4 
toure  of  thabhot  and  Couente  of  Beke,  havyng*  general!  and  fre 
admynstracion)  of  all  theire  goodes  in  EngloncT,  willed?  to  be 
know  that,  by  the  auctorite  of  the  forsaid?  Abbot  and  Couente 
the  whiche  he  had1  in  this  parte,  to  have  graunted1,  to  the  chirche  8 
of  seynt  loTm  Baptist  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  mynchons  there 
servyng  god,  aft  theire  tythes  that  they  had1  in  Wycombe  of  the 
yifte  of  Milo  Crispyne,  that  is  to  sey,  aft  the  tythes  of  the 
demayne  of  the  same  towne  (excepte  thritty  acris  the  which  12 
longitli  to  the  chirche  of  Wycombe),  and  xviij.  shillings  that 
fei  were  I-wonyd1  to  take  at  the  chekour  at  londorD  of  the  rente 
of  Wycombe  :    To  be  hold1  to  perpetuelt  ferme,  of  the  forsaid1 
Abbot  and  Couente  of  Beke,  vndir  a  pension)  of  iij.  H.  at  ij.  16 
termes,  that  is  to  sey,  in  the  fest  of  seynt  Mighett  xxx.  shillings, 
and  in  the  fest  of  cure  lady  in  marche  xxx.  shillings,  And  that 
this  graunte,  &  cetera. 

[NOTE.  —  Comparison  with  the  Latin  (Exchequer  MS.  leaf  154,  back)  shows  that 
the  translation  is  inexact.  The  tithes  in  Wycoinbe  given  to  Bee  by  Milo  Crispin 
were  '  of  his  demesne  in  Wycombe,  except  the  tithe  of  the  thirtieth  acre  which 
should  go  to  the  church  of  Wycombe.'  The  witnesses  are  :  —  Hugh,  abbot  of 
Abingdon  (died  1221),  John  of  St.  Elen,  Kobert  of  Seuecurd  (  =  Seukeworth).  In 
the  Exchequer  MS.,  leaf  192,  are  some  excerpts  from  the  Great  Roll  of  6  Henry  II 
(1160),  in  Buckinghamshire,  showing  that  the  chamberlain  received  £72  of  the 
'  firma  '  of  Wycombe  with  tithes,  and  that  he  paid  out  i8s.  to  the  monastery  of  Bee, 
and  135.  40?.  to  the  church  of  the  town.] 


Lease  to 

ty  ^Beo-W' 
Heriouin 

mandy, 


of  the  tithe 
Crispin's 


and  of  a 


chequer: 

rent  £3 
year  y. 


*  Exche- 
iqeafri54S' 

Decision  by 
a  papal 

in  a  suit 


[94.     *  Suit  between  Bee  abbey  and  G-odstow  about 
tithes  in  Wycombe. 

THE  prior  and  precentor  of  Dunstaple  and  the  sacrist  (as  20 
sub-delegate  of  the  prior)  of  Caldewell,  acting  on  a  commission, 
dated  v  kal.  Maii,  7th  year  of  his  pontificate  (  =1234,  April 


Buckinghamshire  :    Wy  combe  91 

27),  of  pope  Gregory  IX,  issued  to  the  prior  and  precentor  of  about  tithe 
Dunstable  and  the  prior  of  Caldewell  to  examine  the  complaint 
of  Bee  abbey  that  the  abbeys  of  Abingdon  and  Tewkesbury  and 

4  others  were  withholding  tithe  from  them,  gave  this  decision 
between    Bee   and   Godstow.      Of  the    demesnes   of  Gplbert] 
Basset  and  R.  de  Velpont  l,  Bee  shall  take  all  tithes  of  the  ancient   Bee  abbey 
demesne,  saving  to  the  mother  church  wholly  the  thirtieth  acre, 

8  as  they  were  accustomed  to  take  of  old  ;  but  of  the  assarts  and 
of  all  land  hereafter  assarted,  Bee  shall  take  two-thirds,  reserving 
the  other  third  to  the  mother  church.     Of  all  other  tithes  God-   and  God- 
stow  shall  take  two  thirds,  reserving  the  other  third  to  the  s  ow' 
12  parish  church.    Bee  abbey  agrees  not  to  ask  from  Godstow  costs 
of  the  suit.] 

[95.     *  Of  tithes  in  Wycumbe  parish.  *  Exche- 

quer MS. 
FEIAB  WILLIAM  of  Ginewill,  proctor  of  Bee  Abbey,  granted  leaf  154. 

Godstow  a  lease,  beginning  Peter  and  Paul  (June  29),  1254,  of          ' 


1  6  all  the  tithes,  more  or  less,  which  Bee  had  in  Wycombe,  together  Perpetual 
with  a  rent-charge  of  i8s.  issuing  from  the  Exchequer,  on  con-  G0dstow, 
dition  that  Godstow  should  pay  yearly  *  at  Ockeburn  major  2  b£,Bec 

HDD6y? 

twelve  marcs  of  silver  to  the  proctor  of  Bee,  viz.  six  marcs  at  of  Bee 

20  Michaelmas  and  six  at  Lady  day,  and  incur  a  penalty  of  one  marc   *lfeaf  1*54 

(135.  4d.)  for  each  week  the  rent  should  be  in  arrear.     Dated  back. 

the  vigil  of  Philip  and  James,  1254.]  fo/lfiTa  6 

year. 

[96.]     *  A   Covenaunte  or  a  Composiciori)  bitwene  the  *  Bawl. 
Abbot  of  Becke  and  the  Abbesse  of  Godestowe  for  ™^'  leaf 
the  tythes  more  and  lesse  that  the  Abbot  of  Becke  1254. 
hadde  in  Wycombe  parisshe,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  composicion  is,  that  Robert,  by  the  grace  Confirma- 
24  of  god1  abbot  of  Becke,  and  the  couent  of  the  same  place,  willed1 


to  be  knowe  that  they  wold?  haue  the  composicion)  I-be-gonne  by  Bec 
bitwene  Frer^  William  Emnenylle  3  the  general!  procuratoure  in   the  lease 
Englond1,  of  the  one  partie,  and  the  religious  women  abbesse  and 


28  mynchons  of  Godestow  of  the  other  partie,  I-ratifiecT  and  sure,   their 
vpon  the  tythes  both  more  and  lesse  that  they  had1  in  Wycombe, 

1  i.  e.  Robert  de  Vipont.  3  «  William   of  Guyneuill  '   in   the  Ex- 

2  i.e.    Ogbourne    in   Wiltshire,    where       chequer  MS.  (leaf  153,  back). 
Bec  had  a  cell. 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wycombe 


-wiih  xviij.  shillings  they  were  I-wonyd1  to  take  in  the  name  of 
the  tythe  of  the  kyngis  Eschekor,  the  which  the  saide  procura- 
tour  toke  to  the  forsaid1  mynchons  to  perpetuel  ferme,  for  xij. 
marke  of  good1  and  lawful}  sterlyngis,  to  be  paid?  wele  and  holy  4 
every  yere  of  the  said1  mynchons,  to  ther  procuratour«  that  shold1 
be  for  the  tyme,  or  to  his  seruant,  at  Okebourne  the  more,  for 
ever  at  ij.  termes  of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  in  the  fest  of  seynt 
Migheft  vj.  marke,  and  in  the  fest  of  the  Annimciacion)  of  our  8 
lady  vj.  mark  :  So  that  yf  the  said1  mynchons  faile  in  the  paiyng1 
of  the  said1  ferme  in  ony  of  the  termes  aforsaid1,  in  alle  or  in 
parte,  for  every  woke  in  the  whiche  they  ceased1  they  shold1  pay 
to  ther  procuratoure  j  marke  in  the 

[Leaf1  missing.] 


1  2 


*  Exche- 

qtier  MS. 

1357, 

Sept.  23. 


[97.    *  Grant  by  Edward  III  to  Bee  Herlewyne   in 

L 

Normandy. 


Licence  to  EDWAKD  III,  Sept.  23  of  his  31  year  of  reign  in  England 
an(*  l8  °^  France,  recites  that  he  had  seized  into  his  own  hands 
the  £8  which  Bee  had  in  Wycombe.  He  now  gave  Bee  leave 
to  convey  the  rent-charge  to  John  of  Talworth.]  16 


to  sell  the 
(no.  95).arge 


*  Bawl. 
leaf 


1357. 

Assign- 

John  of 
Talworth, 

abbey,  of 

charge1*" 
(no.  95)  pay- 

Godstow. 


[98.]     *  A  Charter  of  a  yifte  I-made  to  lohn  Takworthe 
of  Wycombe  for  viij.  ii. 

To  2  the  honourable  lady  of  holy  religion)  the  Abbesse  of  Gode- 
stowe,  Frere  Piers,  priour  of  seynt  Steven)  of  Okebourne,  heltn  : 
he  signyfied1  that  his  hye  Abbot  of  Beke,  by  the  kyngis  leve  of 
Inglond1,  had1  yeve  and  grauntecT  for  alt  day  to  lohn  Talworthe  20 
°^  wvcomke  a^  the  rente  of  viij.  li.  the  which  ye  were  I-wonyd1 
to  paye  to  3  yowre  chirche  of  wycombe  :  wherfor  he  willed1  the 
said1  rente  to  turne  and  to  be  paid1  to  hym,  after  the  shewyng1  of 
the  patente  that  the  kyng1  seride  yow  by  the  said1  lolin.     Futt  24 
worshipful!  lady  the  holy  gost  have  yow  in  warde  or  kepyngi 
By  the  Prioure  of  Okeburne. 


1  No  doubt  contained  the  two  preceding 
documents,  nos.  94  and  95. 

2  This  document  in  the  Exchequer  MS. 


(leaf  1  54,  back)  is  in  French  :   the  name  is 
Peris  of  Seynt  Stevene,  prior  of  Okebourn. 
3  Bead  «  for.' 


Buckinghamshire  :    Wycombe  93 

[3.  St.  John  Baptist  Hospital.] 

[99.]     *A  Charter  of  the    Abbesse    of   Godestowe,   *  leaf  171. 
yevyng-  licence  to  the  maister  of  the  hospital!  of  1239'  Nov'  I3' 
seynt  lohn  to  sey  masse  in  a  Chauntry  of  hym, 
fyfe  tymes  in  the  yere. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Robert,  by  the  grace  Grant  to  St. 
of  god,  bisshop  of  lyncolne,  toke  the  popes  lettres  in  these  Hospital, 
WOrdes  :  Wycombe, 

4      Gregory,  bisshop,  seruant  to  the  seruantis  of  god,  sende  to 
his  welbelovect1  brother  bisshop  of  lyncolne  halsyng1  and  his  by  Robert 
blissyng1;  willynghymto  know  that  his  welbeloved1  children,   bishop  of' 
maister  and  brethern)  of  the  hospitaft  of  seynt  Icihn  Baptist  Lmcoln» 

8  of  Wycombe,  made  a  supplicacion)  mekely  to  hym  that,  for  acting  on  in- 
also-mocn  as  they  had*  a  chapeft  I-made  in  theire  house,   from  pope 
I  wolde  fouchesauf  to  yeve  them  licence  to  haue  ther  owne   Gre&ory  IX> 
*  Chapelayne  in  the  same  ;  he  willyng1  in  his  behalf  to  deferre  *  leaf  171, 

12  hit  to  hym  fat  was  bisshop  of  the  place,  therfor  he,  that 
is  to  sey,  he  comaunded1  to  his  brotherhede  that  he  wold1 
yeve  to  them  licence  I-axed1,  yf  he  say  hit  to  be  goode  witti- 
oute  praudice  of  others  right.  The  date  at  Peruse,  the  xiij.  [Perugia,  Dec. 

1  6  kalende  of  lenyvere,  of  his  bisshophode  the  viij.  yere.  and  with 

Therfore  by  the  auctorite  of  these  lettres,  of  the  consente  consent  of 
of  the  Abbesse  and  Couente  of  Godestowe,  and  of  hubert  the   Of  services  in 
vycarye  of  the  chircli  of  Wycombe,  and  also  of  the  maister  *£*  H<^itrff 

20  and  brethern)  of  the  hospitaft  a-forsaid1,  they  graunted?  the  on  these 
chauntry  in  the  forsaid1  chapeft    vndir   the   fourme   vndir  (0)  High  mass 
I-writte:  that  is  to  sey,  that  masse  ahold1  be  solempnely  ^ly  on  fivelet 
I-songe  aft-only  in  the  same  chapeft  fyfe  dayes,  that  is  to  days  in  the 

24  sey,  in  bothe  dayes  of  seynt  lolin  Baptist,  j  masse  ;    and  in  On  which  five 


bothe  festis  of  seynt  Thomas  the  martir,  j  masse;    And  in 

the  third1  Feria  of  Rogacions,  j  masse  :  Also,  in  the  same  v.  offerings  and 

dayes,  the  chapeft  shall  loye  aft  offeryngis  there  I-do,  and  to  the  public, 

28  to  aft  comers,  to  bothe  parisshens  and  straungers  visityng1  that  *n  ^^*  YiTa 

place,  shold?  be  fre  sittywg1  :  And  hit  shaft  be  ronge  aft-only  set  day  shall 

in  the  same  dayes  to  goddis  service  :    And  yf  ony  of  the  said1  day,  the  parish 

festis  falle  on  the  sonday,  First  shaft  the  masse  [be  i-songe]  £5^  service 

32  in  a  competent  howre  in  the  parissTi  chirche,  lest  hit  be  precedence.] 


94 


(&)  Low  mass 


inmates  only, 
summons,  the 


church. 

(c)  The  chap- 

lain  may  ad- 


penance  to  dy- 

(df  ThTchap- 
lain  may  take 

parishioner 


year  or  by 

month,  with- 

out  the  vicar's 

(ef  The  cha  - 
lain  to  take 
oath  to  observe 
theseterms, 

missed  ^f  he8" 
neglect  them, 


oath  to  observe 

these  terms. 

*  leaf  172. 
to)  These  pro- 

visions  being 

concessions  to 

other^eculars 
ministering 

there  must,  as 

other  parish- 


church  on  four 

set  days,  with 

due  offerings, 

offilialre^ect 
the  chapel  is  to 

mother-church 

yearly  two 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wycombe 


defrauded1  in  takyng1  of  tythes.     And  alt  other  every  dayes 
nit  ^olft  be  lawful  to  syng  j  masse  with  a   lowe  voyce, 
an(j    ^fa_  belle   suspended?,  and  the  parisshens  of  Wycombe 
I-excludecT.     And  the   chapeleyne  that    shold?  mynystre  for  4 
the  ty™  in  the  said?  chap  eft  shold1  take  all1  the  offeryngis 

(ouftl-take  tho   that   comyn)  .in  the  forsaid?  fyfe  days),   he 

\    7  ^        ,  ,       .  .  ,  ,  ,  ,  .         ,  .     , 

sholcT  yelde    them    trewly   to   the   modir   chirche   without 

k^y11^  and  tnat  De  sno1^  not  do  no  sacrament  but  syng-  8 
yngi  of  masses,  as  hit  is  aforsaid1,  in  that  chapelle,  but  in 
case  a  ne^e  n^e)  or  axicT  hit,  that  the  said1  prest  mynystred1 
$iQ  sacramentis  of  confession)  and  penaunce  to  sike  folke 
of  the  said?  hospitall  labouryngun  theire  last;  other  annueft,  12 
°^er  trentalt,  shold1  take  of  the  parisshens  of  the  modir 
chirche,  but  of  licence  and  wille  of  the  said1  vicary.     Also 
the  same  chapeleyne  in  his  entryng^  shold?  be  presented?  to 
^e    ArchidekofD    of  the    place,    and   shold1  make    to   hym  16 

reguler  obedience  of  the  indempnyte  of  the  modir  chirche, 

,  . 

vndir   the   puttyng1  away    tor    ever    and   suspeiicioiD   vnto 

^ew  satisfaccion)  ;    and  shold?  make  a  suerte  by  othe,  afore 
the  abbesse  proctourd,  of  the  same.     And  2  yf  he  were  con-  20 
yicte  afore  the  Archidekon  vpon  ony  of  the  forsaid?  ]>ynges 
not  I-keped1  by  hym.     The  maister  also  that  shold1  be  for  the 

J      J 

tyme  shold1  swere  in  his  entryng1,  towchyng1  holy  thyngis,  that 
fa  Bfai$  ^e  tne  *  mo^ir  chirche  thurgh  all  thyngis  harme-  24 
lesse,  after  the  fowrme  aboue  I-writte.     And,  for  al  so  moche 
that  that  is  I-graunted?  for  the  nede  of  sike  men  for  good? 
deuociofD,    hit  shold?  not   turne   to   other   mennes   wronge, 

^  ° 

All  the  seculer  men  in  the  same  howse  mynystryng^  shold?  28 
come  to  the  modir  chirche  as  other  parisshyns,  witti  dew 
0fferynmS  and  I-wonvd?.  iiii.  sithis  in  the  vere,  that  is  to 

J    * 

sey,  Cristmasse  day,  Candelmasse  day,  Estir  day,  and  the 
day  of  the  pryncipall  fest  of  the  chirche.     And  that  wor-  32 
shippe  myght  encrease  to  the  abouesaid1  modir  chirche  by 
this  graunte,  the  said'chapett  shold?  yeve  to  the  said1  chirche 

Qf  jj§  J^   Qf  wexe  in  ^e  Jay  Qf  ^e  pryncipall  fest 

part  of  the  clause  '  under  pain  of  perpetual 
removal,  and  suspension  until  full  satisfac- 
tion  be  made,  if  he  shall  have  been  con- 
victed  before  the  archdeacon  of  any  of  the 
foresaid  things  by  him  not  observed.' 


1  The  Latin  is  :  '  omnes  oblaciones  (ex- 
ceptis  hiis  que  in  quinque  diebus  pretactis 
pervenerint)  provenientes  sine  diminutione 
matri  ecclesie  fideliter  refundet.* 

3  The   translator   has  dropped  the  first 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wycombe  95 

every  yere.     And  [yf]  the  maist^r  of  the  house,  by  hym-self  wax-candles 
or  by  ony  other,  presumed1  to  gete  ony  thyng"  ayenst  this  " 


composiciofD  or  defiled1  the  forme  of  the  composicion)  in  ony  (*')  Tlie  chapel 

t      .  ,        may  be  inter- 

4  parte,  when  he  were  convicte  or  knowleched?  hit  resonably,   dieted  from 


hit  shold1  be  lawfutt  to  the  ArchidekoiD  of  Bokyngham  to 
suspende  the  said1  chapelle  fro  the  syngyng1  of  divyne  seruyce  be  violated. 
tille  hit   were  competently  I-satisfyed1  therof  to   the    said? 
8  modir   chirche,    as   hit   is   I-prouided.     Into  witnesse  and 
strengthe  of  att  thyngis  he  made  his  seale,  with  thabbesse 
and  Couente  sealis  of  Godestowe,  and  of  the  vicary  afor- 
said1,  and   also  of  the  said1  brethern),    to    be    putte  to   this 
12  writyng1,  the  date  at  Missenden),  the  Ides  of  Nouembre,  the 
.iiij.  yere  of  his  bisshopricke. 

[4.  Foundation  of  Walder  chantry.] 

[100.]     *  A  Confirmacion  of  William  Walder  confermyng1  *  leaf  174. 
the  yifte  that  Adam  Walder  his  brother  made  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestow  for  a  tenemente  in  Frogmore, 
&  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  William  Walder  graunted1  Confirma- 
and1  confermed1,  for  hym  and  his  heires,  the  yifte  that  Adam 

1  6  Walder  his  brother  made  to  the  Abbesse  and  Couente  of  Gode-  , 
stowe  of  a  tenement  that  Walder  his  fadir  helde  in  Frogmore  his  brother 
and  of  a  tenement  that  Gerueyse  lutered?  helde  l.  And  William  ^t^'^ne- 
Walder  and  his  heires  waranti^ed1  the  forsaid1  tenement,  with  att  ments. 

20  the  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid?  Abbesse  and  Couente  of  Gode- 
stowe ayenst  att  men  and  women  for  ever.  And  that  this  his 
graunte,  &  cetera. 

[101.]     *  A  Charter  of  Adam  Waldere,  I-made  to  the  myn-  *  ieaf  172. 
chons   of  Godestow,  for  a   house  in  Wycombe,  a  ^o? 
tenement,   and  vj.  mesis    and   ij.  seldis,   and   the 
rente  of  xx.  shillings  yerely,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Adam  fit}  Waldere  of  Founda- 
24  Wycombe  graunted1,  lete,  delyuerecT,  and  quyte-claymed1,  for  hym  Adamfson 
and  his  heires  for  ever,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  holy  myn-   of  Walder, 
1  See  in  next  deed. 


96 


of  a  chantry 
in  Wy- 
combe 
church, 
under  pat- 
ronage of 
Grodstow, 
to  say  mass 
for  the 
founder, 
his  father, 
mother, 
and  wife. 
He  gave,  as 
endowment 
(a)  a  house ; 
(&)  a  tene- 
ment; 
(c)  six  mes- 


[Temple 
=  Knights 
Templars.] 
*  leaf  172, 
back. 

(d)  two 
booths  in 
Wycombe 
market ; 

(e)  eleven 
rent- 
charges. 


Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe 

chons  of  Godestowe  ther  seruyng*  god,  into  pure  and  perpetueft 
almesse,  for  the  sowles  of  Walder  his  Fadir  and  of  Aline  his 
wyf,  and  for  the  helthe  of  his  owne  sowle  and  of  Anneys  his 
wyf,   and  commonly  for  aft    trew   cristen),  quyk   and   decle,  j  4 
house    in   the  which  waldere   his  fadir   somtyme    dwelled?  in 
Wycombe,  with  the  pertynentis,  savyng1  the  services  of  the  chief 
lordes,  that  is  to  sey,  ij.  shillings  by  yere ;  and  a  tenement  that 
Geruaise  lutered1  somtyme  held1,   with  the  pertynentis,  sauyng1 8 
the  service  of  the  chief  lordes,  that  is  to  sey,  ij.  shillings  by  yere 
and  j  d?  to  the  heires  of  the  same  Gerueise ;  and  vj.  mesis  liyng^ 
evene  streight  ayenst  the   mylle  that  william  fit 3  henry  held1 
somtyme,  with  his  pertynentis,  savyng1  the  services  of  the  chief  1 2 
lordes,  that  is  to  sey,  xij.  cTto  the  temple  and  viij.  d?to  the  lord1 
of  wycombe ;  And  ij.  seldis  in  the  market  of  wy combe,  with  aft 
ther  pertynentis,  the  which  lyen  by  the  seldis  that  *  Robert  of 
Cromdene  helde  And  the  selde  that  Robert  Rut  held1,  savyng  the  16 
service  of  the  chief  lordes,  that  is  to  sey,  iiij.  shillings  by  yere ; 
And  the  rente  of  xx.  shillings  yerely  in  the  same  towne,  that  is 
to  sey,  iij.  shillings  of  a  mese  that  Walter  Poderugge  somtyme 
held1,  the  which   mese  lieth  bitwene  the  mese   that    Clement  20 
Smyth  held1  and  a  mese  that  Thomas  Budekyne  helde,  and  ij. 
shillings  x.  cFof  a  mese  that  Symond1  Tanner  somtyme  helde  of 
the  said1  Adam,  that  lietTi  bitwene  Ipe  mese  that  Robert  hugedeue 
helde  and  the  mese  that  Symond1  held1,  And  vj.  d!  of  a  mese  that  24 
the  seicT  Symond1  helde,  that  lietn  bytwene  the  mese  of  the  fadir 
of  the  same  Symond1  and  the  mese  that  Suternan  helde,  And  • 
xvj.  d1.  of  a  mese  that  waiter  watte  helde,  that  lieth  bitwene  the 
mese  that  Richard?  Rechel  helde  and  that  Geffrey  Tanner  helde,  28 
And  iij.  shillings  of  a  mese  that  Robert  Casyer  helde,  that  lieth 
bitwene  the  mese  that  Richard1  Plomer  helde  and  the  water  that 
is  I-called1  gutter,  And  iiij.  shillings  of  a  mese  that  Roger  Sire 
helde,  that  lietfc  bitwene  the  mese  that  Thomas  fit}  Petir  helde  32 
and  the  kyngis  weye,  And  iiij.  d1.  of  the  mese  that  Andrew 
Cotelere  helde,  that  was  of  Raaf  Dede,  and  ij.  shillings  of  a  selde 
that  Richarde  Sobynton)  helde  in  the  markette,  And  vj.  d?.  of  a 
mese  that  the  same  Richard1  helde,  that  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  36 
that  Thomas  Wullere  held1  and  a  mese  that  Roger  Riseborough 
held1;  And  ij.  shillings  of  a  mese  that  Adam  Mercer  helde,  that 
bitwene  the  mese  that  Alisaundre  Cunyj  held?  And  another 


Buckinghamshire :   Wycombe  97 

mese  that  the  same  Adam  held1,  And  vj.  ct!  of  a  mese  that  Raaf 
Trepynett  helde,  that  lietfc  bitwene  the  mese  that  Geffrey  Coteler 
held1  of  the  hospital!  of  seynt  lofin  And  the  mese  that  lohn 
4  Gutter  held1:  To  be  had5  and  to  be  holde,  frely  and  quyetly,  fully 
and  holy,  for  ever.     And  the  Abbesse  and  the  Couente  of  the   Godstow 
seid?  place,  that  is  to  sey,  of  Godestowe,  graunted1  and  surely  ^provide 
behete  that,  in  the  wey  of  charite,  that  they  wold1  fynde  for  ever  a  priest 

.  to  say  daily 

8  a  prest  conuenient  ]>at  shold1  do  a  prestis  service  every  day,   the  services 
namely  for  the  sowles  of  the  forsaid1  peple,  another  tyme  of  the     esire  * 
said?  Abbesse  and  Couente  I-shewed?  is  conteyned!     And  the 
said1  Adam  and  his  heires  warantijed1  and  defended1  for  ever  the 

12  forsaid?  tenementis,  wiih  ]>e  periynentes,  And  -with  the  forsaid1 
rentes,  by  the  forsaid?  seruyces,  to  the  howse  of  Godestowe  and 
to  the  mynchons  ther  smiyiig1  god.  And  that  these  aforsaid? 
thynges  shold1  be  sure,  &  cetera. 


[102.]     *  A   Charter   of  Amphelice,  Abbesse   of  Gode-  *  leaf  173. 
stowe,    and    of   the    Couent   of    the    same    place,  f^JJ}1* 
grauntyng1  to  Adam  Waldere   of  Wycombe  in  the 
wey  of  charite  to  fynde  a  prest  to  sey  cowmendacior}, 
placebo   and   dirige,  and  masse   for   his   sowle,  & 
cetera, 

1  6      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Amphelice,  Abbesse,  and  Undertak- 
the  Couente  of  Godestowe,  atte  prayers  of  Adam  Walder  of  ^fw  ^0God" 
"Wycombe,  graunted1  and  behete,  to  god  and  to  oure  lady  and  to  provide 

fir  cliRntrv* 

aft  the  seyntis,  and  to  Adam,  for  the  sake  of  charite,  that  they  priest  daily 
20  and  alt  ther  successors  wolde  fynde  in  the  towne  of  Wycombe  Wcombe 


for  ever  vpon  ther  owne  costis  a  Couenable  pi  eest  the  whiche  church  the 

shold1  do  diligently  a  pmtis  seruyce,  that  is  to  sey,  masse,  com-  the  dead 

mendacion),  placebo^  and  dirige,  namely  for  the  sowles  of  Waldere  o^menda- 

24  of  Wycombe  and  of  Alyne  his  wyf,  and  for  the  soule  of  Adam  ti°n> 

Walder  and  Anneys  his  wyf,  and  comonly  for  alt  trew  cristen),  matfns),an( 
quyk   and   dede,  nother   to   none  olper  than   to    these   fowre 


specially  he  shold1  bynde  hym-self,  but  in  alt  his  praiers  and  name  only 

28  benefetis  he  shold?  pray  to  god  for  them,  and  he  shold1  pray  in  and  his 

the  begynnyngiof  his  masse  alt  openly  they  that  stond?aboute  to  Jjj^^eij?6 

pray  for  them.     And  these  thyngis,  and  alt  other  content  in  son  Adam 

this  writyng1  towche  that  same  preest,  which-so-ever  shold?  be  wife  Agnes. 


98 

The  chap- 
lain to  take 
oath  faith- 
fully to  do 
his  office. 
During  any 
vacancy  of 
the  chap- 
laincy, the 
service  is 
to  be  said  at 
Godstow  by 
one  of  the 
nunnery 
chaplains. 
Godstow 
shall 

supply  the 
chaplain 
with  fitting 
lodging, 
clothing, 
and  main- 
tenance. 
Recitation 
of  the  en- 
dowments, 
as  in  no. 
101,  viz. 
(a)  house  ; 
(6)  tene- 
ment; 
*  leaf  173, 
back. 

(c)  six  mes- 
suages ; 

(d)  two 
booths  in 
Wycombe 
market ; 

(e)  eleven 
rent- 
charges. 


Buckinghamshire :   Wycombe 

sette  for  the  tyme,  he  shold1  behote,  afore  good1  men  and  sadde 
in  wycombe,  openly,  in  the  worde  of  god,  hymself  to  kepe  for 
his  powers.     And  yf  hit  happened1  that,  by  the  dethe  or  sike- 
nesse  or  ony  occasion)  the  forsaid1  seruyce  of  the  forsaid1  preest l  4 
be  I-letted)  they  at  Godestowe  by  some  of  theire  chapeleyns  shold1 
fulfille  the  lak  of  the  forsaid1  seruyce  tille  that  with-in  two 
monthes   there   a   covenable  chapeleyne   were   I-sette.      They 
admytted1  also  for  ever  the  same  seid1  men  and  ther  sowles  into  8 
alt  ther  praiers  and  ther  beneficis.     And  they  shold1  fynde  to 
the  forsaid1  prest  for  ever  in  wycombe  sufficiant  vitaile  and 
clothyng1  and  howse  and  aft  necessaries  to  hym.     And  the  said1 
Adam  yaf  to  them,  into  helpe  of  susteynyng1  of  that  prest,  an  12 
house  in  the  which  walder  his  fadire  dwelled1  in  wycombe  with 
the  pertynentis,  sauyng1  the  seruyce  of  the  chief  lordis,  that  is 
to  sey,  ij.  shillings  by  yere ;  and  a  tenement  that  Geffrey  lutered1 
held1,  with  his  pertynentis,  the  which  lieth  bitwene  the  forsaid1 16 
house  that  walder  the  fadir  of  the  said1  Adam  held1  and  the 
kyngis  wey,  Savyng1  the  service  of  the  chief  lordis,  that  is  to 
sey,  ij.  shillings  by  yere,  and  j.  d!  to  the  heires  of  the  same 
Geruayse ;  *  And  vj.  mesis  that  lien)  even)  ayenst  the  mylle,  that  20 
william  fit}  henry  held1,  with  the  pertynentis,  savyng1  the  seruyce 
of  the  chief  lordis,  xij.  cTto  the  Temple,  and  viij.  d1  to  the  lorde 
of  wycombe ;  And  ij  seldis  in  the  markat  of  wycombe,  with  the 
pertynentis,   the   which  lyen  bitwene  the  seldis   that   Robert  24 
Croudene  helde  and  the  selde  that  Robert  Buth  held1,  Sauyng' 
the  seruyce  of  the  chief  lordes,  that  is  to  sey,  iiij.  shillings  by 
yere ;  And  a  rente  of  xx  shillings  in  the  same  towne,  that  is  to 
sey,  iij.  shillings  of  a  mese  )?at  Walter  Puderugge  helde,  the  28 
which  mese  lietn  bytwene  the  mese  Ipat  Clement  Smyth  helde 
And  the  mese  that  Thomas  BudekyfD  helde,  And  ij.  shillings  x.  d1 
of  a  mese  that  Symond1  Tanner  helde  of  the  said1  Adam,  the 
whiche  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that  Robert  Hugendene  helde  32 
and  the  mese  that  the  same  Symond1  helde;    And  vj.  d1  of  the 
mese  that  the  said1  Symond1  helde,  that  lieth  bytwene  the  mese 
that  Adam  Tanner  the  fadir  of  hym  helde  and  the  mese  that 
luteman)  helde,  And  xvj.  d1.  of  a  mese  that  Walter  Watte  helde,  36 
that  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  of  Richard1  Rechel  held1  and  the  mese 


1  In  the  Latin  the  connexion  is  '  by  any  other  occasion  of  the  said  chaplain,  the  said 
service  be  hindered.' 


Buckinghamshire  :    Wycombe  99 

that  Geffrey  Tanner  held1;  And  iij.  shillings  of  a  mese  j?at 
Robert  Calier  held1,  the  which  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that 
Richard1  Plomer  held1  and  the  water  that  is  I-callecT  Outers,  And 
4  iiij.  shillings  of  a  mese  that  Roger  Sire  held)  that  lieth  bitwene 
the  mese  fat  Thomas  Fit}  Petir  helde  and  the  kyngis  wey,  And 
iiij.  d?.  of  a  mese  that  Andrew  Coteler  helde,  the  which  was  of 
Raaf  dede,  And  ij.  shillings  of  a  selde  that  Richard?  Sobynton) 
8  held1,  the  which  lieth  bitwene  the  selde  that  Robert  Payntour 
held1  and  the  seld?  that  William  Walder  helde  in  the  markat, 
And  vj.  d?  of  a  mese  that  the  same  Richard?  helde,  that  lieth 
bitwene  a  mese  that  Thomas  Waller  helde  and  a  mese  that 

12  Richard?  Ryseborough  held1,  And  ij.  shillings  of  a  mese  that 
Adam  Mercer  helde,  that  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that  Alisaundre 
Cunyj  held?  and  another  mese  that  the  same  Adam  Mercer  helde, 
And  vj.  d?  of  a  mese  that  Raf  Tropeneft  helde,  that  lieth  bitwene 

1  6  the  mese  that  Geffrey  Coteler^  helde,  of  the  hospytaft  of  seynt 
lohn  and  the  mese  that  lohn  Cluter  held1. 

And  Amphelice,  and  aft  the  Abbesse  succedyng1  her,  shold?  Godstow, 
fynde  for  ever  of  the  forsaid1  rente  to  ther  Couente  yerely  with-  octaves  of 


20  in  the  vtas  of  Seynt  Micheft  a  pytaunce  of  j.  half  marke;  And 

every  day  that  the  pytaunce  was  I-yove  or  shold?  *  be  yove,  the  take  a  pit  - 
same  day  they  shold?  haue  fully  ther  seruyce  for  the  sowles  ol  ^sd.  ° 
the  forsaid1;  And  some  day  in  the  woke  wolde  be  fully  seruyce  *  leaf  174. 

24  in  the  chirche  of  wycombe  for  the  sowles  of  the  same.     And 
the  said?  Adam  fit}  Walder  assigned?  vj.  d1.  yerely  of  the  rente  of1 
the  vicariage  of  the  same  chirch,  to  a  pytaunce,  of  a  mese  that  the  dead 
Robert  Cornemonger  held1,  that  liethe  bitwene  a  mese  that  Abel 


28  Coteler  helde  and  a  mese  that  Jordan  Miller  helde.     And  these  at  Godstow, 

and  also  at 
aforsaid1  tenementis,  with   the   pertynentis,   and    the   aforsaid?  Wycombe. 

rentes,  the  said1  Adam  and  his  heires  warantijecT  to  them  and  to 
ther  successours  ayenst  aft  men  and  women  for  ever.  And 

32  Amphelice,  and  aft  abbesse  succedyng1  to  her,  and  ther  covente, 
warantijed1  the  forsaid1  graunte  and  behest  or  promysse,  to  the 
forsaid1  Adam  and  to  his  heires  and  to  his  assignes,  ayenst  aft 
men  and  women.  And  to  the  confirmacion)  of  this  ther  behest, 

36  they  put  to  this  writyng1  ther  scale.  These  2  beyng1  witnesse, 
&  cetera. 

1  The  Latin  '  vicarie  '  is  ambiguous,  but         '  to  the  vicarage.' 
it  ought  no  doubt  to   be  here   rendered  a  Matthew,  archdeacon  of  Buckingham. 

H   2 


100  Buckinghamshire :   Wy combe 


[5.  Charters  of  the  Basset  family,  lords  of  the  manor.] 

*  leaf  179.  [103.]     *A  fynalt  accorde  bitwene  Aleyne  Basset  and 
October.  tlie  abbesse  of  Godestowe  for  an  acre  of  lond  and  j 

half  acre  in  Wycombe. 

Quit-claim        THIS  was  the  fynaft  accorde  I-made,  in  the  kyngis  courte  at 
by  Alan     '   westmynst^r,  the  vj.  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  henry  the  sone 


ia  2)  lolin,  Fro  the  day  of  Seynt  Mighelt  into  one  moneth, 

afore  Stephyne  Segraue,  Kauf  harenge,  Thomas  heyden),  Justices,  4 
and  other  trew  men  of  the  kyngis  than  there  beyng1  present, 
bitwene  Aleyne  Basset,  axer,  hy  Kobert  Fit}  Mathew  I-sette  in 
his  stede  to  gete  or  to  lese,  and  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  holder, 
by  Absolon)  Staunton  I-put  in  her  stede  to  gete  or  to  lese,  of  one  8 
of  \\  acres,    acre  of  mede  and  one  half  acre  with  the  pertynentes  in  wycombe  : 
whereof  hit  was  I-pleted1  bitwene  them  in  the  forsaicT  Courte, 
that  is  to  sey,  that  the  forsaid1  Aleyne  knowleched1  the  forsaid'acre 
of  mede  and  the  half  with  the  pertynentis  to  be  the  right  of  the  12 
chirch  of  seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godestowe  and  of  the  mynchons 
ther  servyng1  god,  and  he  remytted1  to  them  and  quyte-claymecT, 
of  hym  and  his  heires,  to  the  same  abbesse  and  to  her  succes- 

*  leaf  179,  sows  *  And  to  the  chirche  of  Seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godestowe  16 
back.  forever.     And  for  f>is  knowlechyng1,  remission),  fyne,  and  accorde, 
for  the          the  forsaid1  abbesse  of  Godestow  and  the  mynchons  ther  seruyng 
of  the18         god1  resceived1  the  forsaid?  Aleyne  and  his  heires  in  all  orison's 
convent       an(j  benefettis  that  shold1  be  do  fro  that  tyme  forth  in  theirs  2o 

chirche  of  Godestowe,  &  cetera. 

*  leaf  170,  [104.]      *  A    fynaH   accorde    I-made    bitwene    Felice, 
Febf.'3.  Abbesse   of   Godestowe,    and    Aleyne    Basset,   for 

sutes  and  customs  that  he  asked1. 

Agreement        THE  sentence  of  this  fynatt  accorde  is  this,  that  ther  was  a 
efodstow       fynal  acord1  I-made,  in  the  kyngis  courte  at  Westmynster,  in  the 


and  Alan      morow  of  the  purificacion)  of  oure  lady,  the  vij.  yere  of  the  reigne  24 
lord  of         of  kyng1  henry  the  sone  of  kyng1  lohn,  afore  Martyne  Patishuli, 
Wycombe,    Raaf    harang,     gtephyn)    Segrave,    Thomas     Haydon),    Eobert 
lexynton),  Geffrey  Sauage,  lusticis,  and  other  trew  men  of  the 
as  to  feudal  kyngis  than  there  presente,  bitwene  Felice,  Abbesse  of  Gode-  28 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wycomle  101 

stowe,  pleyner,  by  petir  of  Duncton),  I-put  in  her  stede  to  gete  obligations 

and  to  lese,  and  Aleyne  Basset,  of  sutis  and  customs  that  the  tenants  inW 

same  Aleyne  asked1  of  men  of  the  same  Abbesse  of  Wycombe  to  Wycombe. 

4  be  do  atte  courte  of  the  same  Aleyne  in  Wycombe.  Alan  had 

Wherof  the  same  abbesse   playned1  that  the  forsaid1  Aleyne  force  them 

vexed?  vnrightfully  and  ayenst  her  liberteis  her  men,  axyng1  of  market^7 

them  customs  and  smiyces  that  they  sholcT  not  do,  fat  is  to  sey,  dues  ;  m 

8  of  euery  howse  fat  was  of  the  fee  of  the  abbesse  iiij.  d1.  by  yere,  in  leasing 

and  that  Aleyne  distreyned1  her  men  aforsaid1  that  they  shold1  ^^J^ 

take  to  ferme  the  towne  of  wycombe  witA  his  men,  And  also  as  al«- 
that  the  same  Aleyne  wold1  have  made  that  they  shold1  haue  ben 

12  tempters  or  tapsters  of  brede  and  ale  in  the  said1  towne,  Also  (d)  to  forfeit 

that  the  same  Aleyne  made  to  cary  the  donges  I-founde  vpon  the  Ureif  MUn 

fee  of  the  same  Abbesse  vpon)  his  lond1  and  [=  if]  they  had1  1-ley  the  street- 
oner  right  [sic]  in  the  strete,  the  whicft  sutes  and  customs  the 
16  same  abbesse  knew  not  to  hy?n. 

And  hit  was  I-pleted1  bitwene  them  in  the  forsaicT  Courte,  that  Decision  : 
is  to  sey,  that  the  forsaid1  abbesse,  for  her  and  other  abbesses 


that  shulde  succede  her,  agayne  knowleched1  and  graunted1  to  the  (a)  musfc 
30  same  Aleyne  that  he  and  his  heires  shold1  take  euery  yere,  for  the  yearly  for 
commune  of  the  market,  iiij.  d1.  of  euery  hede  house  that  was  of  tlwted1" 
the  fee  of  the  same  abbesse  of  Wycombe  and  whos  dore  is  opened1  dwelling- 
toward1  the  strete  and  in  the  which  ben)  men  dwellyng^and  smoke  whose  door 
34  comytft  out,  so  that  of  other  howses  tlie  dores  ben)  not  openyd1  ^^treet*0 
toward1  the  strete  they  myght  no  f  yng-take,  nother  of  the  howses   but  shall  be 
in  the  which  men  dwelle  not  in  thougn  the  dores  ben  opened1  houses 
toward1  the  strete.     And  furthermore  the  same  abbesse  graunted 
28  that  her  men  of  wycombe  shold1  be  tempters  or  tapsters  of  brede  not  in- 
and  ale  in  the  fee  of  the  same  abbesse  and  in  the  fee  of  the  same  ^  must 


Aleyne  and  of  his  heires,  whan  they  were  resonably  I-chose     j 

after  the  resonable  terme.     And  yf  the  men  of  the  same  Abbesse  when 

32  trespassed1  in  ony  that  perteyned1  to  the  market  of  brede  and  ale  jn  due 

or  of  of  er  f  ynges  perteynyng*  to  the  marcat  in  the  day  of  the  rotation  ; 

marcat,  and  while  the  marcat  stode,  and  in  the  marcat,  so  that  pay  fines 
they  fille  into  arnersyng1  or  a-mercement,  the  same  Aleyne  and 

36  his  heires  shold1  have  a  resona*ble  amercement  after  the  maner 

breach  of 

of  the  trepasse,  without  ony  agayfi)  saiyng1  of  the  abbesse   or  market- 


the  abbessis  that  shold1  succede  her.  leaf  170, 

And  for  this  recognycion),  graunte,  fyne,  and  acorde,  the  same   back. 


Buckinghamshire :   Wycombe 


Godstow 
and 

Godstow 
tenants  to 
have  privi- 
lege to  cart 
their  man- 
ure on  to 
their  lands 
and  to  leave 
manure  in 
the  street 
for  a  year, 
but  if  it  is 
left  longer 
the  lord  of 
the  manor 
may  claim 
it. 

Godstow 
tenants  to 
bear  their 
share  of 
tallage, 
when  the 
king  asks 
tallago. 
Godstow 
1  chief 
court '  to 
be  exempt 
from  mar- 
ket-dues. 


Aleyne  grauntecT  to  the  same  abbesse  that  she,  and  other  abbessis 
that  shold1  succede  her,  shold1  frely  have  the  dunges,  and  the 
men  of  the  fee  of  the  same  abbesse ',  and  cary  them  wit/t  ther 
owne  cartis  vpon  ther  owne  demayne  londe  at  ther  wille  and  4 
have  ther  resonable  cariyng'thurgn  aft  the  fee  of  the  same  Aleyn) 
and  of  his  heires  in  the  same  towne ;  And  yf  perauenture  the 
same  Abbesse,  or  other  f>at  sholcT  succede  her,  bere  not  a- way 
tho  dunges  I-founde  in  his  aforsaicT  fee,  with-in  a  yere  after  they  8 
have  ben  layecT  there  in  the  strete,  with  ther  owne  cartis,  hit 
shold1  be  lawfuft  to  the  same  Aleyne  and  to  his  heires  to  bere 
away  tho  dungis  and  to  do  therof  his  wille,  and  not  afore.     He 
graunted1  also  that  aft  lib^rteis  I-graunted1  to 2  the  charter  of  i 2 
kyng^s  henry  and  Richard1,  the  which  that  ben)  not  ayenst  this 
covenaunte,  shold1  be  saaf  to  the  same  abbesse  and  abbessis  suc- 
cedyng1  to  her.      Also  hit  is  to  be  know  J>at  this  ende  was  I- 
made  bitwene  them,  sauyng1  to  Aleyne  and  to  his  heires  theire  .16 
resonable  tallagis  of  the  forsaid1  men  of  the  abbesse  whan  the 
kyng1  tallagith  his  demaynes  thurgh  EngloncT.     Furthermore  hit 
is  to  be  know  that  the  same  Aleyne  and  his  heires  shold1,  after 
that  j?at  is  I-said1  before,  of  every  house  of  the  which  the  dore  is  20 
opened1  to  the  strete  [take]  iiij.  d1,  out-take  houses  that  ben  in 
the  chief  courte  of  the  same  Abbesse,  &  cetera. 


*  leaf  175. 

About 

1270. 


*  A  Transcripte  charter  of  philippe  Basset  I-made 
the   mynchons    of   Godestowe    confermyng1  xl. 


[105.] 
to 
shillings  of  Rente  in  Wycombe,  &  cetera. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Philip 
Basset,  for 
a  clothing 
allowance, 
of  rent- 
charges 
amounting 


THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Philip  Basset 3,  for  the 
helthe  of  his  soule,  and  of  Dame  Ele 4,  Countesse  of  Warwyke,  24 
his  wyf,  and  of  the  soules  of  his  auncetours  and  successours,  yaf, 
&  cetera,  to  god1,  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe 
ther  seruyng1  god  and  to  serue  for  ever,  to  ther  clothyng-  for 
evere,  into  fre  pure  and  perpetuel  almesse,  xl.  shillings  of  yerely  28 

yearly.          rente,  with  aft  ther  pertynentis,  in  his  maner  of  Wycombe  to  be 
take  of  the  tenementis  vndir  written),  that  is  to  sey,   of  the 
tenementis  of  Geffrey  Martyne,  iij.  shillings  iiij.  d!  at  ij.  tmnes 
of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  Mighelmasse  xx.  d1,  and  at  our  lady  32 
day  in  marche  xx.  d1. ;  of  the  tenemente  of  Thomas  Marchaunte, 

1  i.  e.  should  have  '  fima  sua.'    3  i.e. '  in.'    3  Lord  of  Wycombe,  died  1271.    *  Died  1 297. 


Buckinghamshire :   Wy combe  103 

iij.  shillings  iiij.  d!  at  the  same  termes;  Of  the  tenement  of 
Walter  Sclo,  iij.  shillings  iiij.  dl  at  the  same  tonnes;  Of  the 
tenement  of  laurence  Morgan),  iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1  at  the  same 
4  termes;  Of  the  tenement  of  Roger  Couper,  iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1 
at  the  same  termes;  Of  the  tenement  of  lohn  of  the  Brugge, 
iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1  at  the  same  termes ;  Of  the  tenement  of 
Nicholas  Fulom),  iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1.  at  the  same  termes ;  Of 
8  the  tenement  of  humfrey  huttrecT,  iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1.  at  the 
same  termes;  of  the  tenement  of  Richard1  Brither,  iij.  shillings 
iiij.  d1.  at  the  same  tmnes;  Of  the  tenement  of  Benet  Baker, 
iij.  shillings  iiij.  d1.  at  the  same  termes ;  Of  the  tenement  of  lohn 

12  fit}  Walfrido,  vj.  shillings  viij.  cTat  the  same  termes :  To  be  hacT 
and  to  be  hold1,  of  hym  and  his  heires,  to  the  same  mynchons 
and  to  ther  successours  ther  seruyng1  god  and  to  serve  for  ever, 
in-to  fre  pure  and  perpetuel  almesse,  the  forsaicT  xl.  shillings  of 

1 6  rente,  with  aft  ther  pertynentis,  frely  quyetly  and  vttirly  holy, 
wzt/i-out  any  agayn)  holdyng1  and  seculer  seruyce.  And  the  said1 
Philippe  Basset  warantijed1  aquyted1  and  defended1  the  forsaid1  xl. 
shillings  of  rente,  with  aft  ther  p^rtynentis,  to  the  forsaide  myn- 

20  chons  and  to  ther  successours  there  seruyng1  god  and  to  serue 
for  ever,  into  free  pure  and  perpetuel  almesse,  ayenst  aft  men 
for  eu«r.  Into  witnesse  of  whiche  thynge,  &  cetera. 

[6.  Miscellaneous  documents  about  property.] 

[106.     *  Charter  of  William  of  Buketot.  *  Exchequer 

MS.    leaf 

WILLIAM  of  Buketot  gave  to  Godstow  205.  yearly  out  of  101»  back- 

About  1200. 

24  his  mill  at  the  bridge  of  Wycombe,  that  Godstow  should  Grant  to  God- 
keep  in  memory  himself,  his  wife,  and  his  sons  ('  pueri '),  and  ^m'0f^Sil 
kindred.  tot,  of  a  rent- 

Witnesses  : — Robert  of  Buketot,  Robert  of  Horton,  etc.]      Bridge  Mill.  ° 

[107.]     *  A  charter  of  William  fltj  Thomas  Waldere  I-  *  Bawl, 
made  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  for  iiij.  shilling  174*. 
worthe  of  Rente  in  Wycombe. 

28  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  William,  sone  and  heire 
of  Thomas  Walder  of  wycombe,  willed1  to  be  know  to  aft  peple 
that  beholditH  or  herith  this  present  writyng1,  that  whan  the 


104 


of  two  rent- 
charges, 

viz.  3*.  and 
i*.,  given 
by  his 
father 
Thomas 
Walder. 


*  leaf  174, 
back. 


About 
1240? 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Gregory 
Tropenell, 


of  a  rent- 
charge  of  is. 


About 
1240? 


Order  by 

Gregory 

Tropenell, 

to  his 

Wycombe 

tenant, 

directing 

payment  of 

no.  io8to 

Godstow. 


Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe 

said1  Thomas  his  fadir  yaf  in  ony  tyme,  to  the  abbesse  and 
couente  of  Godestowe,  iiij.  shillyngworthe  of  rente  yerely,  with 
the  pertynentis,  in  the  borougn  of  wycombe,  that  is  to  sey,  of 
the  tenement  that  Cristmasse  held1  in  the  strete  that  is  I-callecN 
vinychburgge  iij.  shillings,  and  of  a  mese  of  Koger  Cordewaner 
in  the  same  place  xij.  dl,  he  willed1  to  be  know  hym-self  to  have 
I-graunted1  the  same  yifte  and  confermecF  hit  witn  this  his 
present  charter  for  hym  and  his  heires :  To  be  had1  and  to  be  8 
holde,  to  the  forsaicf  Abbesse  and  Couente  and  to  ther  succes- 
soures,  *  frely,  quyetly,  fully,  pesibly  and  holy,  for  ever,  into  fre 
pure  and  perpetuett  almesse.  Into  witnesse  of  the  whiche,  & 
cetera.  1 2 

[108.]  A  Charter  of  Gregory  Tropenett,  I-made  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestowe,  for  xij.  6T.  of  yerely  rente 
in  Wycombe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Gregory  Tropenett  yaf, 
&  cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe 
there  seruyng1  god,  xij.  dl  of  rente  yerely,  into  pure  and  per- 
petuett  almesse:-  To  be  had1  and  to  be  resceived1  of  Raf  Mar-  16 
chaunte  and  his  heires  at  ij.  termes  of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey, 
vj.  dl  at  the  fest  of  oure  lady  in  Marche  and  vj.  dl  at  the  fest  of 
seynt  Michett.     And  Gregory  and  his  heiris  waran^ed1  the  for- 
said1  xij.  d1.  of  rente  to  the  Covente  of  Godestowe  and  to  ther  ao 
successoures  ayenst  aft  men  livyng-.     And  for  also  moche  that 
this  his  graunte  and  yifte,  &  cetera. 

[109.]  A-nother  Charter  of  Gregory  Tropenett  makyng 
Kauf  Marchaunte  his  attourney  yerely  for  xij.  dl  of 
rente  to  the  Couente  of  Godstowe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Gregory  Tropenett  made 
attorney  Rauf  marchaunte  and  his  heires  to  yielde  yerely  to  the  24 
Couente  of  Godestowe  and  to  ther  successoures  xij.  <T.  of  rente, 
for  his  and  his  auncetours  helthe,  that  is  to  sey,  of  tho  iij.  shil- 
lings, the  which  he  yelded1  to  hym  by  yere  of  that  mese  that  he 
had1  of  his  yifte,  as  his  charter  witnessetn.     And  leste  that  the  28 
same  Rauf  or  his  heires  shold1  rynne  into  harme  thereof  after- 
warde  by  hym  or  by  his  heires,  he  strengthed1  J>is  writyng1  with 
his  scale.     These  beyng;  witnesse,  &  cetera. 


Buckinghamshire :   Wy combe  105 

[110.]    A  Charter  of  Mabile  the  doughtir  of  Sawarde  of  About 
Wycombe  I-made  to 
stowe  for  here  Mille. 


Wycombe  I-made  to  the  holy  mynchons  of  Gode-  1200' 


THE  sentence  l  of  this  charter  is  that  Mabile  the  doughter  of  Grant  to 
Sawarde  of  Wycombe  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the 


holy  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ther  servyngigod,  her  mylle  as  she  daughter  of 
4  helde  hit  of  the  kynge,  and  of2  the  chirche  of  Wycombe  to  a  mill;  and 

the  light  ij.  shillings   the  whiche   william   wynchelege  yelded1  ^-ycom°be 

to  hym  (of  the  whicn  they  ought  to  yelde  to  the  kyng*  xij.  cT),  church  of 

and  xviij.  eT.  the  whiche  walkelyne  Tylare  yelded1  to  hym,  of  the  charges,  a 
8  which  to  the  kynge  viij.  <T.     And  a  shoppe  that  Sayeue  Scrippe  J^mes* 

helde.      And   vj.  6T  the  which  she  yelded1  to  Rauf  Bordwace,   stages. 

and   ij.  meses  in  the  chirch  yerde.      These  beyng1  witnesse,  & 

cetera. 

12  [i  10  bis.  *  Notum  sit  omnibus  tarn  presentibus  quam  futuris  *  Exche- 
quod  ego  Mabilia  filia  Sawardi  de  Wicumbe  dedi  et  concessi  et  SJIfis?." 
mea  carta  confirmavi  deo  et  sancte  Marie  et  ecclesie  Scmcti  Grants,  as 
lohannis  Baptiste  de  Godestowe  et  sanctimonialibus  ibidem  deo  Godst'ow- 

1  6  servientibus,  molendinum  meum,  sicut  ego  tenui  de  Rege;   et 

ecclesie  de  Wicumbe  ad  lumen  ii.  solidos  quos  Willelmus  de  and  to 
Winchelege  mihi  reddidit  (de  quibus  debent  reddi  regi  xiic?.),  church!  ° 
et  xviii  denarios  quos  Galfridus  filius  Osberti  mihi  reddidit  (de 

20  quibus  regi  iiii),  et  xviii  denarios  quos  reddidit  mt'M  Walkelinus 
telarius  (de  quibus  regi  viii),  et  soppam  quam  Saieva  Scrippa 
tenuit,  et  vi.  denarios  quos  reddidit  mihi  Radw/p&ws  Bordwace, 
et  duo  messuagia  in  cimiterio. 

24  Hiis  testibus  :  —  Thoma,  sacerdote  de  Godestowe  ;  Ada, 
capellano  de  Wicuwiba  ;  Roberto  capellcmo  ;  Henrico  le  mercer; 
Waltero  diacono  ;  Godofrido  clerico  ;  Roberto  fih'o  Godwe  ; 
Hicardo  de  malvines  ;  Symone  le  masun  ;  Godwino  fabro.] 

[111.     *  Charter  granting  the  mill  to  William,  son  of     *  Exohe- 
Hervey.  JSfiSS!' 

back. 

28      JULIANA,  abbess  of  Godstow,  and  the  convent,  granted  to  ^)(£lt 
William,  son  of  Hervey,  and  to  his  heirs,  the  mill  of  Wycumbe  Grant  by 

1  Since  this   charter  is   very  obscurely       appended  for  the  sake  of  comparison. 
expressed   in    the   English,   the   Latin   is  a  '  of  is  a  mis-  translation  for  'to.' 


106 


Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe 


Godstow,  to  which  Mabel  daughter  of  Seward  bequeathed  to  them,  subject 

sJnlofm'       to  a  yearty  rent-charge  of  49  shillings. 

Hervey,  of        Witnesses : — four  chaplains  of  Godstow,  Thomas,  Walerand, 

quit-rent,      Adam,  and  Gilebert.]  4 

£298. 


*  leaf  175. 

About 

1240? 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Vincent 
Menge, 

*  leaf  175, 
back, 
of  a  plot 
of  land. 


[112.]  *A  Charter  of  Vyncente  Menge  of  Wycombe, 
I-made  to  J>e  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  for  a  place 
in  Wycombe,  &  cetera. 

THE   sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Vyncente   Menge   of 
wycombe  yaf  &  cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of 
Godestowe  ther  seruynge  god  and  to  seme  for  ever,  one  place  of 
his  tenement  in  the  towne  of  *  wycombe,  the  which  conteynyth  8 
in  lengthe  viij.  perches  and  x.  fote,  and  in  brede  to  his  ende 
vttemost  toward1  the  tenement  of  the  forsaicT  Vincente  Menge 
iiij.  perchis,  and  iiij.  fote  at  the  other  ende,  And  hit  strecchithe 
hit-self  fro  the  tenement  of  Adam  Gluter  of  the  west  side  by  12 
lyne,  as  the  markes  haue  them  self,  vnto  the  tenement  of  lohn 
I-callecT  knyght,  of  the  Est  parte :  To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  witn 
ait  his  pertynentis,  of  hym  and  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  to  the 
forsaid?  mynchons  and  to  ther  successours,  frely  quyetly  wele  and  16 
holy  for  ever,  into  pure  and  perpetueft  almesse.     And  the  said1 
Vincente   Menge  and  his   heires   or  his  assignes  warantijed? 
aquyted?  and  defended1  for  ever  aft  the  forsaicT  place,  as  hit  is 
diuided1  afore,  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  mynchons  ao 
and  to  ther  successours,  with  the  owne  costis,  ayenst  aft  men 
and  women.     And  that  this  ther  yifte,  &  cetera. 


*  leaf  178.  [113.]  *  A  Charter  of  lohn  Waleys  and  Alice  his  wyf, 
quyte-claymyng1  *  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe, 
ij.  d1.  of  yerely  rente  in  Wycombe. 


*  leaf  178, 
back. 


Fe 


Sale  to 
Godstow, 
by  John 
and  Alice 
Waleys,  of 
all  right 
in  a  rent- 
charge,  and 
the  rever- 


THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  lohn  Waleys  and  Alice 
his   wyf  yaf  grauntecT  and  quyteclaymecT,  for  them  and   ther  24 
heires,  to  the  Abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  Couente  of  the 
same  place,  ij.  d1.  of  yerely  rente,  the  which  they  were  I-wonyd1 
to  haue,  and  had1,  of  that  mese  that  Richard1  Smyth  held1  in 
Wycombe,  that  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that  Walter  Slegh  helde  a 8 
and  a  mese  that  Geffrey  Agmodesham  helde :  To  be  had?  and  to 


Buckinghamshire :    Wy combe  107 

be  holde,  frely  and  quyetly,  with  att  the  right  that  they  had1  or  sionary 

myght  haue  in  the  same  rente  and  that  mese  aforsaid?  and  in  conferred. 

ther  pertyuentis ;  So  that  nother  they,  nother  none  by  them  or 
4  for  them,  myght  axe  or  chalange  ony  right  or  clayme  in  the 

forsaicT  rente  or  in  the  forsaicT  meses  or  in  ther  pertynentis. 

And  for  this  yifte  and  quyte-claymyng1  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and1 

Couente  yaf  to  them  ij.  shillings  of  siluer.  These  beyng>  wit- 
8  nesse,  &  cetera.  The  thyngis  were  I-actecT  at  the  purificaciofD 

of  oure  lady,  the  yere  of  our  lord1  a  thousand*  two  hundred1  fourty 

and  nyne. 

[114.]     *  A  Charter  of  Alice  Blythe,  quyte-claymyng1  to  *  leaf  170. 
Dame  Emme  Bluet,  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  a  mese  1250!* 
with  att  his  pertynentis,  in  the  towne  of  wycombe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Alice  Blythe  yaf,  &  Sale  to 

12  cetera,    and  quyte-claymed1,  to  dame  Emme  Bluet,  abbesse  of  by  JucI' 
Godestowe,  and  to  the  couente  of  the  same  place,  one  mese  with  B1ythe» 
att  his  pertynentis,  in  the  towne  of  wycombe  vpon  the  fee  of  the 
same  abbesse  of  Godestow,  that  is  to  sey,  that  mese  that  was  of 

1 6  William   Blythe   her  vncle   J>at   fille  to    her  by  the  name   of  of  all  right 
heritage  of  the  p«rte  of  the  same  William  Blithe  her  vncle,  and  agea.messu" 
lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that  Geffrey  Gutere  held1  and  that  mese 
that  Thomas  Baker  held1,  as  the  markes  and  departyngis  teche 

20  and  shew :  To  be  hold1  and  to  be  had]  with  att  his  pertynentis, 
to  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  couente  and  to  ther  successours,  wele 
and  in  pease,  with  att  the  right  and  clayme  that  he  or  ony  of  his 
heires  hacT  or  myght  have,  Doyng1  seruyce  to  the  chief  lordis 

24  dewe  therof.     And  for  this  yifte  graunte  and  quyte-claymyng;  purchase- 
the  forsaid1  Abbesse  yaf  to  her  xx.  shillings  of  siluer  before  "  mey* 
handes.     And  ])at  f>is  her  yift,  &  cetera. 

[115.]     *  A  Charter  of  Walter  Baker  quyte-claymyng1  to  *  leaf  179, 
the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  att  his  right  that  he  ^^t 
had?  in  that  mese  that  he  helde  of  Richard1  Alecod1  of  1250  ? 
the  fee  of  the  chirch  of  Wycombe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Walter  Baker  and  his  Sale  to 
28  heires  quyte-claymed",  to  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  ^°^S^r 
Couente  of  the  same  place,  att  the  right  that  they  had1  in  that  Baker,  of 


108 


'inghamshire : 


all  right  in 
a  messuage, 


purchase- 
money, 
£5  6s.  8d. 


mese  that  he  helde  of  Richard1  Alecod?  of  the  fee  of  the  chirche 
of  wycombe,  that  is  to  sey,  of  that  mese  that  is  bitwene  the  house 
that  was  of  leuewyfi)  the  Smyth  and  the  house  of  Richard1  AlecocT. 
And  for  this  quyte-claymyng1  the  forsaid  Abbesse  and  Couente  4 
of  the  same  place  yaf  to  hym  and  to  Liette  his  wyf  and  to  his 
children)  viij.  mark  of  rent  *.     And  waiter  and  his  wyf  and  his 
children)  abyured1  alt  ther  right  of  the  forsaid?  mese  and  of  aft 
the  pMynentis  of  hit  afore  the  Courte  of  wycombe.     These  8 
beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 


*  leaf  181. 
Atout 


Grant  to 
MaudHors- 
nail,  by 
her  mother 
Alyne,  of 
a  plot  of 
land  (see 
no.  122). 


[Marlow.] 


*  leaf  181, 
back. 


[clove- 
gilly- 
flower.] 


*  A  Charter  of  Alyne  the  doughter  of  Richard 
Horsneyl  confermyng1  to  her  doughtir  Moolde  j 
place  of  londe  with  the  partynentis  in  wycombe,  & 

cetera. 


THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Alyne,  the  doughter  of 
Richard1  Horsneyl,  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  Moolde  her  doughtir,  one 
place  of  lond1,  with  the  pertynentis,  in  Wycombe,  the  which  lieth  1 2 
in  one  place  bitwene  the  lond1  the  which  william  wander  held"  of 
the  yifte  of  Thomas  Selewyne  and  the  lond1  of  Richard1  Archer 
in  brede,   And    hit   buttith   to    that   hede   vpon)    the    brynke 
ayenst  the  mese  of  SymoncF  Santerdon),  and  buttith  at  another  16 
hede  vpon  the  lond1  of  waiter  Carter,  and  strecchith  hit-self  in 
length  vnto  the  mese  that  Thomas  wauder  held?  somtyme  beside 
the  stone  that  lieth  in  the  wey  that  ledith  toward1  Merlawe  in 
the  forsaid?  towne  of  wycombe,  beside  the  tenementes  of  Richard?  20 
Ailriche  and  that  Richard1  Monnere  somtyme  helde,  as  the  markes 
vpon  euerych  a  side   *  teche  and  shew :    To  be  had1  and  to  be 
hold1,  to  the  same  Holde  and  to  her  heires  or  her  assignes,  of  her 
and  her  heires  or  her  assignes,  also  holy  in  aft  thynges,  with  24 
fre  entryng1  and  goyng1  out,  as  the  same  fore-named1  Richard1 
horsenayl  held?  that  place,  frely  quyetly  by  right  heritage  for 
ever,   yeldyng1  therof  by  yere   to  the  chief  lordes  of  the  fee 
seruyces    dewe   therof,  and  to   her  and   to  her  heires  or  her  28 
assignes  one  clowe  gelofure  at  Estir,  for  aft  seruyce,  sute  of 
courte,  custome,  and  exaccion).     And  Alyne  and  her  heires  or 
her  assignes  warantijed1,  aquyted)  and  defended1,  to  the  same 


1  Read  '  silver '  for  '  rent.' 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wy combe  109 

Molde  and  to  her  heires  or  to  her  assignes,  the  forsaid1  place, 
with  ait  his  pertynentis,  ayenst  aft  peple  for  ever.  And  that 
this  her  yifte,  &  cetera. 

[117.]     *A  Charter  of  Emme,   abbesse   of   Godestowe,  *ieafi79, 
confermyng1  to  SymondT  Santyrdon  aH  a  tenemente   -J^^t 
with  his  pertynentis.  1250. 

4      THE   sentence   of  this   charter   is   that    Emme,    abbesse   of  Grant  by 
Godestowe,  and  the  Couente  of  the  same  place,  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  to°Siinon 
SymoncT  Santerdon),  for  his  seruyce,  aft  that  tenement,  witn  his  Santerden, 
pertynentis,  that  Wilh'am  Oso  held1  of  them  in  that  strete  that  stow  tene- 
8  leditn  to  the  mese  that  was  of  Gilbert  of  Ireland1,  the  whicfc 
tenement  lietn  bitwene  the  mese  that  lotn  Gokle  helde  and  the 
mese  that  AlecocT  helde,   as  the  markes  and  departyngis  on 
euerycn  a  side  teche  and  shew :    To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  of 

1 2  hym  and  his  heires  and  his  assignes,  excepte  bowses  of  Religion) 

and  lewys,  heritably  frely  quyetly  and  holy  for  ever,  yeldyng1  [Jews.] 
yerely  to  them  and  to  the  Couente  succedyng1  them  iij.  shillings 
at  ij.  tmnes  of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  seynt 

16  Migheft  xviij.  d1  and  at  the  fest  of  our  lady  in  marche  xviij.  d!, 
for  all  seruyce,  customs,  and  sutis  of  Courte,  and  aft  demaundis, 
but  hit  were  to  the  a  forrenge  courte  and  }?at  at  ther  resonable 
warnyng1.  And  they  and  the  couente  succedyng1  them  warantijed? 

20  the   forsaid1  tenement   with   his   pertynentis    to   the    *  forsaid1  *  leaf  180. 
•  Symond1  and  to  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  out-take  houses  of 
Religion)  and  lewes,  ayenst  aft  men  for  ever.     And  that  this  his 
yifte,  &  cetera. 

[118.]     A  Charter  of  Symond?  Alecod?,    confermyng1  to  About 
Symond?  Santerdon)  j  pece  of  londe  with  his  per-  1250f 
tynentis,  &  cetera. 

24      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Symond1  AlecocT  yaf,  Sale  to 
graunted1,    &.  cetera,   to   Symond1  Santerdon),  for   his  seruyce,  santerden, 
j  pece  of  loncT,  witft  the  pertynentis,  in  the  towne  of  wycombe  ^y  Simon 
vpon  the  fee  of  the  abbesse  of  Godestow,  that  is  to  sey,  that 

28  pece  of  lond?  the  whicn  lietft  in  brede  bitwene  the  tenement 
that  Robert  Fit3  Wareyne  held1  and  the  tenement  that  William 
Hoso  held1  somtyme,  and  strecchitfc  hit-self  in  lengtn  fro  the 


110 


of  land, 


Buckinghamshire :    Wy combe 

tenement  of  the  forsaid1  Symond?  Alecod1  vnto  the  tenement  that 
lonn  Golde  helde  :    To  be  had1  and  to  be  holde,  of  hym  and  his 
heires,  to  the  forsaid1  Symond1  and  to  his  heires  or  to  whom-so- 
ever  he  woloT  assigne  hit,  frely  and  quyetly  and  by  right  heritage  4 
holy  wele  and  in  pease,  witn  aft  his  pertynentis,  as  markes  and 
departyngis  teche  and  shew,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely   to   hym 
and  to  his  heires  jdbolus  at  Cristmasse,  for  aft  seruycis,  and 
customs,  sutis  of  courtis,  and  aft  seculer  demavndes.     And  the  8 
forsaid?  Symond?  Alecod1  and  his  heires  waran^ed1  the  forsaict1 
pece  of  lond1,  witn  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaict1  SymoncT 
Santerdon)  and  to  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  ayenst  alle  men  and 
alle  women,  lewes  and  cristen).    And  for  this  yifte,  &  cetera,  the  12 
forsaid'Symond' Santerdon)  yaf  to  them  j  marke  of  siluer,  &  cetera. 

[119.]  A  Charter  of  Moolde,  somtyme  the  wyf  of 
Symond1  Alecod?,  quyte-claymyng1  to  Symond?  San- 
terdon) alt  the  right  in  that  mese  aforsaide,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Moolde  that  was  the  wyf 
of  SymoncT  AlecocT,  in  her  wedowhode  and  fre  power,  relesecTand 
quyte-claymect  to  Symond?  Santerdon)  aft  the  right  and  clayme  16 
that  she  had1  or  myght  haue  in  that  mese  of  the  abbesse  of 
Godestowe  in  the  town)  of  wycombe,  that  fille  to  her  in  the 
name  of  dowery  of  the  behalf  of  J>e  forsaid?  Symond1  Alecod1  her 
husbond1,  the  which,  mese  lietn  bitwene  the  wey  that  leditn  to  20 
the  house  of  lofrn  of  IrloncT  and  the  mese  that  William  Walder 
held? :  To  be  had?  and  to  be  hold1,  to  the  said1  Symond?  Santerdon) 
and  to  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  frely  quyetly  and  pesibly  for 
her  [and  for  her  heires]  for  ever.      And  for  this  relese  and  24 
quyte-claymyng',  the  forsaicf  Symond1  yaf  to  her  one  marke  of 
siluer.     And  that  molde,  nother  none  for  her,  shold?  not  have 
power  afterward?  to  axe  ony  right  or  clayme  in  the  forsaid?  mese, 
she  put  to  this  writyng1  her  scale.      *  These  beyng1  witnesse,  28 
&  cetera. 

[120.]  A  Charter  of  Andrew  flt^  William  Carter  con- 
fermynge  vnto  Symond?  Santerdon)  one  mese  with  all 
his  pertynentis  in  wycombe. 

Sale  to  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Andrew  fitz  william 

Santerden,    Carter  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  Symond1  fitz  william  Santerdon),  one 


quit-rent, 

ik 


[Jews.] 


About 
1255. 


Sale  to 
Simon  San- 
terden, by 
Maud  Ale- 
cod,  widow, 
of  her  join- 
ture right 
in  a  mes- 
suage (see 
no.  123). 


Purchase- 
money, 


*  leaf  180, 
back. 


About 
1255. 


Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe  111 

mese,  with  all  his  pertynentis,  in  the  towne  of  wycombe,  that   by  Andrew 
lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that  David?  Smyth  held1  and  the  mese   tenement, 
that  Richard1  Archer  held?,  as  the  markes  and  departyngis  teche 
4  and  shew  :   To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  of  hym  and  his  heires,  to 
the  forsaicT  Symond1  and  to  his  heires  and  his  assignes,  heritably 
frely  quyetly  and  holy  for  ever,  with  aft  the  right  that  he  had1 
or  myght  haue  or  that  myght  come  to  hym  in  ony  wise,  yeldyng1  yearly 
8  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  ij.  shillings  ix.  dl  at  ij.  termes  of  the   2™9Jen  ' 
yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Mighelt  xvj.  dl  obolus 
and  at  the  fest  of  our  Lady  in  marche  xvj.  dl  obolus,  for  aft 
seruycis  and  aft  maner  demaundes.    And  Andrew  and  his  heires 

12  warantijed"  the  forsaid1  mese,  with  alt  his  pertynentis,  to  the 
forsaid?  Symond?  and  to  his  heires  and  his  assignes,  ayenst  alt 
men  and  women,  bothe  lewes  and  cristen),  for  ever.     And  for  Purchase- 
this  yifte,  &  cetera,  the  forsaid1  Symond1  yaf  to  hym  x.  marke  J^JgJ'^. 

16  of  siluer  to  warison).     And  for-asmoche  that  he  willed?  this  his 
yifte,  &  cetera. 

[121.]     A  Charter  of  Sabyne,  the  doughter  of  Osbert,   About 
Cordewaner,     of     wycombe,     quyte-claymyng1    to 
Symond?  Santerdon  alt  the  right  that  she  had?  in 
a  mese  in  wycombe. 

THE   sentence   of  this   writyng1  is   this,    that    Sabyne,   the  Sale  to 
doughter  of  Osberte,  Cordewayner,  of  wycombe,  quyte-claymed1,   santerden 
20  for  her  and  her  heires,  to  Symond1  Santerdon)  and  to  his  heires   ^  Sabina, 

daughter  of 

or  his  assignes,  alt  the  right  and  clayme  that  she  had1,  or  rnyght   Osbert,  of 
chalange  or  clayme,  in  that  mese  with  the  pertynentis  in  the  no.  ^20. 
towne  of  wycombe,  that  lieth  bitwene  the  mese  that  Dauid  Faber 
24  held1  and  the  mese  that  Richard1  Archer  helde,  as  the  markis 
and  departyngis  teche  and  shew.     And  for  this  quyte-clayme 
the  forsaid1  Symond1  yaf  to  her  ij.  shillings  of  silu^r  into  warison). 
Into  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[122.]     A  Charter  of  Moolde,  the  doughtir  of  Alyne  hors-   About 
neyl,  confermyng1  to  Symond? Santerdon,  for  j  marke   1255> 
that  the   same   Symond?  yaf  to  her  into  warison), 
j  place  with  }>e  pertynentis  in  wycombe,  &  cetera. 

28      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Moolde  the  doughtir  of  Sale  to 
Alyne  horsneyl  yaf.  &  cetera,  to  Symond?  Santerdon),  for  one 


112 


Santerden, 
for  135.  4«t., 
*  leaf  181. 
by  Maud 
Horsnail, 
of  no.  1 1 6. 


[A  great 
stone.] 


[clove- 
gilly- 
flower,] 


Buckinghamshire : 

marke  of  siluer  "that  the  same  Symond?  yaf  to  here  hefore 
handes  into  warison),  one  place  of  lond?  with  aft  his  pertynentis 
in  wycorabe,  the  which  lieth  in  one  place  bitwene  the  lond1  that 
william  wauder  held1  of  the  yifte  of  Thomas  Selewyne  and  the  4 
lond?  of  Richard?  Archer  in  brede,  and  hit  buttith  to  one  hede 
vpon  the  brynke  evene  ayenst  that  mese  of  SymoncT,  and  hit 
buttith  to  another  hede  vpon  the  lond1  of  waiter  Carters,  and 
hit  strecchith  hit-self  in  lengthe  vnto  a  mese  of  Thomas  wauder  8 
somtyme  helde,  beside  the  stone  that  lieth    in  the  wey  the 
which  ledith  toward1  Merlaw  in  the  forsaid1  towne  of  wycombe 
beside  the  tenement  of  Richard1  Alriche  and  the  tenemente  that 
Richard1  Monnere  held1,  as  the  markis  and  the  departyngis  vpon  i  a 
evericft  a  side  teche  and  shew  :  To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold;  to  the 
same  Symond1  and  to  his  heires  or  his  assignes,  of  her  and  her 
heires  or  her  assignes,  also  frely  in  aft  thyngis,  with  fre  entryng1 
and  goyng1  out,  as  Richard1  horsneyl  the  fadir  of  the  forsaid1 16 
Alyne  helde  somtyme  that  place,   quyetly,  in  fre  heritage  for 
ever,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to  the  chief  lordes  of  that  fee  semicis 
dew  therof,  and  to  her  and  to  her  heires  or  to  her  assignes 
j   clowe   gelofure   at  Estir,  for  aft  seruycis,  sutis  of   courtis,  20 
customs,   and  exaccion).      And  moolde  and  her  heires  or  her 
assignes  warantijed1  acquyted1  and  defended1,  to  the  same  Symond? 
and  to  his  heires  or  to  his  assignes,  the  forsaid?  place,  with  his 
pertynentis,  as  hit  is  I-saide  afore,  ayenst  aft  peple.      And  that  24 
this  her  yifte,  &  cetera. 


*  leaf  isi,  [123.]     *  A  Charter  of  Symond?  Santerdorfi  quyte-claym- 
About  ynS"  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  att  his  right  in 

1260.  an  howse  that  he    bought    somtyme    of   Symond? 


Quit-claim 
toGodstow, 
by  Simon 
Santerden, 
of  his  right 
in  no.  119, 


[Mass  of 
Our  Lady] 


Alecod?  in  Wycombe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  quyte-clayme  is,  that  Symond?  Santerdon) 
relesed?,  and  vttirly  quyte-claymed1,  to  god?  &  cetera  and  to  the 
holy  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ther  sefuyng1  god  and  to  senie  for  28 
ever,  aft  the  right  and  clayme  that  he  had1  or  myght  haue  in 
that  house  that  he  bought  somtyme  of  Symond1  Alecod1,  the 
which  is  I-sette  bitwene  the  house  the  whiche  william  Wauder 
assigned?  to  a  chapeleyne  seiyng1  for  ever  the  masse  of  our  lady  32 
of  the  one  parte,  and  the  lane  the  which  strecchith  hit-self 


Buckinghamshire :    Wy combe  113 

toward1  the  house  of  lohn  Irlande  of  the  other  parte  ;    Savyng1  but  subject 
nathelesse  that  Godfray  his  brother  and  Milisente  his  wyf  helde  Crests. 
alone   the   forsaicT  house,   with  his   pertynentis,  to  there  lyf, 
4  with-oute   agayne-saiyng1,   doyng1   therof   to    the   abbesse    and 
Couente  of  Godestowe  dew  seruyce  and  I-wonycT.     And  for-as- 
mocn  as  he  wolde  that  this  relesse  and  quyte-clayme,  &  cetera. 

[124.]     A  Charter  of  Symond?  SanterdoBquyte-claymyng1  About 
to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  one  mese  in  Wy-  1260< 
combe,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  quyte-clayme  is,  that  SymoncT  Santerdon)  Quit-claim 

8  yaf  grauntecT  and  vttirly  quyte-claymecT,  for  his  soule  and  for  the  ^^^orT' 
soule  of  Molde  his  wyf  and  for  the  soules  of  his  auncetours,  to  Santerden, 
god1  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ther  seruyng1  of  his  right 
god,  that  his  one  mese,  that  is  to  sey,  that  lieth  bitwene  JJe*m' 

12  somtyme  the  mese  of  Reynere  Baker  and  the  mese  somtyme  of 
John  Goab  in  the  towne  of  wycombe,  as  the  markyngis  and 
departyngis  teche  and  shew. :    To  be  *  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  with   *  leaf  182. 
all   his   pertynentis,   to   the    said1  mynchons   and   vnto   theire 

1 6  successours,  frely,  quyetly,  wele,  and  in  pease,  in-to  fre  and 
perpetueft  almesse.     So  that  the  forsaid?  Symond1  nother  his 
heires  myght  chalenge  ony  right  or  clayme  in  no  wise  in  the  subject  to 
said1  mese  with  his  pertynentis  fro  that  tyme,  Doyng1  therof  to  ^Marlow 

20  the  chief  lordes  of  the  fee  dew  seruyce  and  I-wonycT,  that  is  priory, 
to  sey,  to  the  prioresse  of  Merlawe  xij.  cT.  at  ij.  termes  of  the  and  to  the 
yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Mighett  vj.  d1.  and  at  ^ycombe 
the  fest  of  oure  lady  in  march  vj.  d1. ;    And  to  the  light  of  the  church. 

24  chirche  of  the  same  towne  j.  d1.  at  the  same  termes;  And  to 

Alice,  the  doughtir  of  Gonnylde,  one  paire  of  white  gloves  of  [white 
the  price  of  jobolus  at  Ester,  for  alt  seculer  demaundes.     And  Cloves.] 
that  this  his  yifte,  &  cetera. 

[125.]     A  Charter  of  Symond?  Santerdoii)  confermyng  to  About 
the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  an  house  in  the  towne  1260< 
of  Wycombe. 

28      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Symond1  Santerdon)  yaf,  Grant  to 

&  cetera,  to  god  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ^g^mon 

there  servyng1  god1  and  to  serve  for  ever,  for  the  helthe  of  his  Santerden, 

i 


114 


Buckinghamshire :   Wycombe 


of  no.  120, 


and  of  a 
meadow. 


About 
1260. 


*  leaf  182, 
back. 
Proposed 
sale  to 
G-odstow, 
by  Robert 
Wareyn, 
of  a  rent- 
charge  of 
isd. 


[clove- 
Silly- 
flower  ] 


sowle   and   of  Moolde   his   wyf    and    of    his    auncetours   and 
successours,  an  house  in  the  towne  of  wycombe,  that  is  to  sey, 
that   howse    that   is   I-sette   bitwene   the  house  that  Richard1 
Archer   somtyme   helde   and    the    howse    that    David1    Smyth  4 
somtyme  helde,  with1  alt  the  medlyng1  be-yonde   the  watere, 
that  is  to  sey,  that  mede  that  the  forsaid1  Symond1  bought  of  the 
sone  of  Walter  Buket,  as2  the  pathes  of  bothe  sides  conteyne 
them-self  and  shew,  with  alt  his  pertynentis  overalle  :  To  be  8 
had1  and  to  be  hold1,  to  the  forsaid1  holy  mynchons  and  to  theirs 
successours  for  ever,  Doyng1  therof  to  the  chief  lordes  of  the  fee 
seruyce  dew  and  I-wonycT,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  seynt 
Michelt  xvj.  cT.  obolus  and  at  the  fest  of  oure  lady  in  marche  1 2 
xvj.  d!  obolus,  for  alt  seruyce  exaccioii)  and  demaunde.    And  the 
forsaid1  Symond1  and  his  heires  or  his  assignes  warantijed1  the 
forsaid1  howse  and  mede,  with  alt  his  pertynentis  over  alt,  to 
the  forsaid1  holy  mynchons  and  to  theire  successours,  ayenst  alt  16 
men  and  women,  and  defended1  and  acquyted1  for  ever,  for  the 
forsaid1  service.     And  for  alsomoche  that  he  wolde  that  this  his 
yifte  shold?  be  sure,  &  cetera. 

[126.]  A  Charter  of  Robert  Wareyn)  confermyng1  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestowe  xij.  d1.  of  yerely  rente  in 
Wycombe,  &  cetera. 

*  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Robert  Wareyn),  with  20 
the  consente  and  assent  of  Sare  his  wyf  and  of  his  heires,  yaf, 
&  cetera,  to  the  Abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  Couente  of  the 
same  place,  xij.  6T.  of  yerely  rente  in  the  towne  of  Wycombe 
vpon  the  fee  of  the  forsaid1  abbesse,  that  is  to  sey,  of  the  tene-  24 
mente  that  lohn  Blake  helde  of  hym,  that  lieth  bitwene  the 
tenement   that  Alice  Clement   helde   and   the   tenement   that 
Symond1  Alecod1  helde  somtyme :    To  be  had?  and  to  be  holde,  of 
hym  and  his  heires,  to  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  Couente  and  to  28 
ther  successours,  for  right  heritage  frely  quyetly  pesibly,  with 
alt  the  right  and  clayme  that  he  or  ony  of  his  heiris  had1  or 
myght  haue  for  ever,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to  hym  and  to  his 
heires  one  clowe  gelofure  at  Ester,  for  alt  servicis,  customs,  and  32 
demaundis.     And  for  this  yifte,  &  cetera,  the  forsaid1  Abbesse 


1  The  Latin  is :  '  cum  toto  prato  iacente 
ultra  aquam.' 


8  Kather  :  '  as,  by  a  path  on  each  side, 
se  continent  et  proportant.'  ' 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wycombe  115 

yaf  to  hym  ix.  shillings  of  siluere  afore  handes.  And  the  forsaid1 
Robert  wareyfD  and  his  heires  waranti^ecT  and  defended1  the 
forsaicFxij.  dl  of  yerely  rente  to  the  forsaict1  Abbesse  and  Couerite 
4  of  Godestowe  and  to  ther  suceessours,  by  the  forsaid1  seruyce, 
ayenst  all  men  and  women,  cristeii)  and  lewes  for  euer.  Into 
witnesse,  &  cetera.  . 

[127.]     *A  Charter  of  Robert  Wareyne  and  of  Sare  his  *  leaf  178, 
wyf  confermyng1  to  the   mynchons   of   Godestowe  About 
xiiij.  d1.  of  rente  yerely.  1260> 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Robert  Wareyne,  with  Actual 
8  the  consente  and  assente  of  Sare  his  wyf  and  of  his  heires,  yaf,   Godstow, 


&  cetera,  to  the  Abbesse  and  Couente  of  Godestowe,  xiiij.  6T.  of 

yerely  rente  vpon)  the  forsaid1  fee  in  the  towne  of  wycombe  :   of  no.  12  5, 

that  is  to  sey,  of  a  tenement  that  lohn  Blake  helde  of  hym,  that 

i  a  lieth  bitwene  the  tenement  that  Alice  Clemente  helde  and  the 
tenement  that  Symoncf  AlecooT  held1,  xij.  dl,  that  is  to  sey,  at 
the  fest  of  seynt  Migheft  vj.  d1.  and  at  the  fest  of  our  lady  in 
marche  vj.  dl  ;  And  of  the  tenemente  that  William  Pruce  and  sale  of 

16  somtyme  held1,  that  lieth  bitwene  his  tenement  of  the  Est  parte,  rent-charge 
ij.  d?  at  ij.  termes  aforsaicT:    To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  of  hym  of  2d- 
and  of  his  heires,  to  the  forsaide  Abbesse  and  Couente  and  to 
ther  suceessours,  for  right  heritage  frely  quyetly  and  pesibly, 

20  with  aft  the  right  and  clayme  that  he  or  ony  of  his  heires  had1 

or  myght  have  for  ever,  yeldynge  yerely  to  hym  and  to  his  [clove- 
heires  one  clowe  gelofure  at  Ester,  for  aft  servicis,  customes,  and  lov^r.] 
demaundes.     And  for  this  yifte  and  graunte  the  forsaid1  'abbesse 

24  and  covente  yaf  to  hym  x.  shillings  vj.  dl  of  siluere  afore  handis. 
•  And  the  forsaid1  Robert  Wareyne  and  his  *  heires  warantrjecT  *  leaf  179. 
aquyted?  and  defended1  the  forsaid1  xiiij.  6T.  of  yerely  rente  to  the 
forsaid1  abbesse  and  Couente  of  Godestowe  and  to  ther  suceessours 

28  ayenst  aft  men  and  women,  cristen  and  lewes,  for  ever.     In-to  [Jews.] 
witnesse  of  whiche  thynge,  &  cetera. 

[128.]     *A  Charter  of  Thomas  Lude  confermyng1  to  the  *ieaf  176» 
mynchons  of  Godestowe  a  tenemente  with  all  his  127<o! 
liberteis  and  pertynentis. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Thomas  Lude  grauntecT,   Sale  to 
&  cetera,  to  the  lady  abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  Couente  by  Thomas 

I   2 


Buckinghamshire :    Wy combe 


Lude,  of  a 
tenement, 


quit-rent, 
id  at  Mi- 
chaelmas. 


[Jews.] 


of  the    same   place,    a   tenemente,    witTi    alt  his  liberteis  and 
pertynentis,  in  wycombe,  that  somtyme  Robert  Taillour  helde, 
and  strecchitfi  hit-self  in  length  fro  the  kyngis  wey  the  whicli 
is  I-callecT  Croydenlane  toward1  the  Est  vnto  the  graunge  of  the  4 
said1  Abbesse  toward1  the  west,  and  in  brede  fro  the  way  vnto 
the  graunge  of  the  said1  abbesse  fro  the  nortfi  parte  vnto  the  wey 
of  Roger  Blunde  of  the  southe,     And  hit  buttitft  aft  ayenst  the 
tenement  that  somtyma  held*  Luce  Cane  and  the  tenement  that  8 
somtyme  held1  William  Furnere  and  the   tenemente    of  lofcn 
Clutere  toward1  the  southe,  as  the  markes  and  departyngis  vpon 
evericli  side  techith  and  shewitn :    To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold?,  of 
hym  and  his  heires,  to  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  Couente  of  the  12 
same  place  and  to   ther  successours  and  ther  assignes,  frely, 
quyetly,  fully  and  holy,  wele  and  in  pease,  by  right  heritage  for 
ever,  yeldynge  therof  yerely  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  or  to  his 
assignes,  j.  d?.  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Mighel  for  aft  seculer  services,  16 
customs,  sutis  of  courtis  and  demaundis.     And  Thomas  Lude 
and  his  heires  or  his  assignes  warantijed1  aquyted?  and  defended1 
for  ever  the  forsaid1  tenem3nt,  witft  aft  his  pertynentis,  to  the 
forsaid1  Abbesee  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  Couente  of  the  same  20 
place  and  to  ther  successours  or  ther  assignes  ayenst  aft  men, 
lewes  and  cristene.     And  for  this  yifte,   &  cetera,  the  forsaicF 
abbesse  yaf  to  hym  before  handis  x.  shillings  into  warison).   Into 
witnesse  of  whicli  thynge,  &  cetera.  24 


About 
1270. 


Sale  to 
Godstow, 
by  Cristina 
Lutered, 

*  leaf  176, 
back, 
of  a  quit- 
rent  and 
the  rever- 
sionary 
rights  con- 
ferred by  it. 


[129.]     A  Charter  of  Cristyne  Lutered?,  quyte-claymyng1 
to  Isowde  Duram,  j.  d?.  of  yerely  rente  in  Wycombe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Cristyne  Lutered1  of 
wycombe,  vn-wedded1  and  in  her  owne  fre  power,  graunted1, 
lette,  and  quyte-claymed1  for  ever,  for  her  and  her  heires,  to 
Isowde  Duram,  *at  that  tyme  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  and  the  28 
Couente  of  the  same  place,  and  to  ther  successours,  j.  d?.  of 
yerely  rente  witft  his  pertynentis  in  the  borougt  of  wycombe, 
the  whicli  yerely  she  was  I-wonyd1  to  resceive  of  the  attorney  of 
the  forsaid1  abbesse  in  wycombe,  that  is  for  to  sey,  for  a  tenement  32 
that  Walter  Coteler  helde  somtyme  in  the  burgt  of  wycombe, 
that  lietft  bitwene  the  tenement  that  Andrew  lynnen-draper 
helde  and  the  kyngis  wey  that  ledith  toward?0xon),  also  witfi  aft 


Buckinghamshire:   Wycombe  117 

the  right  that  she  had1  or  myght  have  in  ony  tyme  in  the  forsaid1 
tenement  :  To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  to  the  forsaid1  Isowde 
abbesse  and  Couente,  and  to  ther  successours,  frely  and  quyetly, 
4  wele  and  in  pease  for  ever,  with-out  ony  witft-holdyng1  of  her  or 
of  her  heires.  And  for  this  lettyng;  grauntyng"  and  quyte- 
claymyng'  the  forsaid1  Isowde,  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  yaf  to  her 
xij.  dl  of  siluer  before  handes.  Into  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[130.1    A  Charter  of  Roger  Blunde,  confermyng1  to  the  About 

127O 

mynchons  of  Godestowe,  one  kyngis  wey  in  ]>e  towne 
of  wycombe. 

8      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Roger  Blunde  of  wycombe  Sale  to 
yaf,  &  cetera,  to  dame  Isowde,  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  and  to  the  by  Roger 


Couent  *of  the  same  place,  one  kyngis  hye  wey  in  the  towne  of 
Wycombe,  the  whiche  lieth  bitwene  a  tenemente  of  the  said1  Ofalane.  ' 

12  abbesse  and  the  tenement  of  Robert  Taillour  held1  somtyme,  and 
hit  strecchitfc  hit-self  in  lengthe  fro  the  lane  that  leditfc  toward1 
Croyden)  vnto  his  owne  Graunge,  as  markes  and  departyngis 
vpon  euerycn  side  techith  and  shewitli.  To  be  had1  and  to  be 

16  hold1,  with  all  his  pertynentis,  of  hym  and  his  heires  or  his 
assignes  aforsaid1,  to  the  lady  abbesse  and  to  the  Couente  of  the 
same  place  and  to  ther  successours,  frely,  quyetly,  fully  and  holy, 
wele  and  in  pease,  by  right  heritage  for  ever,  yeldyng1  therof 

20  yerely  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  j  clowe  gelofre  at  Estere,  for  aft  [clove- 
seculer  services,  customs,  sutis  of  courtis,  and  demaundes.    And  flower.] 
Roger  Blunde  and  his  heires  or  assignes  waranti^ecP,  aquyteoT, 
and  defended1  for  ever,  the  forsaid1  kyngis  wey,  with  his  per- 

24  tynentes,  to  the  forsaid1  lady  abbesse  and  to  the  Couente  of  the 
same  place  and  to  ther  successours,  ayenst  aft  peple,  for  the 
forsaioT  service.     And  for  this  yifte,  &  cetera,  the  forsaid1  abbesse  Purchase 
yaf  to  hym  half  a  marke  of  siluer  be-fore  handes  into  warison).      6s,  %$.  ' 

[131.]     *A  Charter  of  SymondT  Hokede  confermyng1  to  *ieafi82, 
the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  ij.  acres  of  mede  in  About 
Wycombe,  &  cetera.  127°- 

38  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  SymoncT  Hokede,  in  the  Grant  to 
way  of  charite,  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  god1  &  cetera  and  to  the  mynchons  by  Simon 
of  Godestowe  ther  seruyng1  god1,  for  his  helth  and  of  his  wyfes  Hokede»  of 


2  acres  of 
meadow. 


luckifighamshi/re :    Wycombe 

and  of  his  Auncetours,  ij.  acris  of  mede  in  "Wycombe,  into  pure 
and  perpetual  almesse ;  that  is  to  sey,  a  mede  at  Pukehege  that 
Richard1  Aylnod1  helde,  and  iij.  perches  of  mede  in  Est  mede  of 
wy combe,  the  whiche  ben)  next  to  the  mede  of  Walter  Penne,  4 
that  the  same  waiter  helde  of  Robert  Ruem :    To  be   holde, 
of  hym  and  his  heires  for  ever,  quyte  fro  aft  seculer  seruyce  and 
exaccion).     And  Symond1  and  his  heires  waran^ecT  the  forsaid1 
ij.  acres  to  the  forsaicT  chirche  and  to  the  forsaid1  mynchons  ayenst  8 
ait  men.     These  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 


About 
1270. 


Sale  to 
*  leaf  183. 
William 
Pipinere, 
by  John 
Kyt, 

of  a 
messuage. 


[132.]  A  Charter  of  lohn  Kyt  confermyng1  to  william 
pipinere  one  mese,  with  his  partynentis,  in  Wy- 
combe,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  lohn  kyt  yaf,  &  cetera, 
to  william   *  Pipinere,   for  his  homage   and   seruyce,  and   for 
xxiij.  shillings  of  siluer  the  which  he  yaf  to  hyin  before  handes,  12 
one  mese,  with  his  pertynentis,  in  wycombe,  that  lieth  bitwene 
the  mese  that  Robert  Alecod1  held?  and  the  mese  that  william 
fit^  lohn  wever  held1  :    To  be  had1  and  to  be  holde,  of  hym  and 
his  heires,  heritably  frely  and  quyetly,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to  16 
the  abbesse  and  couent  of  Godestowe  ij.  shillings,  that  is  to  sey, 
at  the  fest  of  our  lady  in  marche  xij.  dl  and  at  the  fest  of  Seynt 
Migheft  xij.  <T.  ;  And  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  yerely  j.  d1.  ;  that 
is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  our  lady  in  marche  j.  obolus  and  at  the  20 
fest  of  seynt  Migheft  j.  dbolus,  for  aft  seruycis  and  demaundis. 
And  lohn  and  his  heires  warantijecf  the  forsaid1  mese,  with  his 
pertynentes,  to  the  forsaid1  william  and  to  his  heires,  ayenst  aft 
men  and  aft  women.     And  that  this  his  yifte,  &  cetera.  2. 


About 
1270. 


Sale  to 


[133.]  A  Charter  of  Anneys  the  doughtir  of  Robert  Kyt 
quyte-claymyng1  to  william  Fipinere  all  her  right  of 
a  mese  in  wycombe. 


THE  sentence  of  this  charters  is,  that  Anneys,  the  doughtir 
°^  R°kert  kyt,  graunted1  and  quyteclaymed1,  for  her  and  her 
Agnes  Kyt,   heires,  in  her  fre  powers,  to  william  Pipinere,  aft  the  right  that 
in  no.  133.      she  had1  or  myght  haue  of  that  mese,  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  28 
that  liethe  bitwene  the  mese  that  Robert  Alecod1  helde  and  the 
mese  that  william  fitj  lohn  helde  in  wycombe  :    To  be  had1  and 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wy  combe  1  19 

to  be  hold1,  to  the  forsaid?  william  and  to  his  heires,  frely  quyetly 
and  peasibly  for  evere.  And  for  this  graunte  and  quyte- 
claymyng1  the  said1  william  yaf  to  her  xx.  shillings  of  sterlyngis. 
4  And  Anneys  aforsaicT,  into  witnesse  of  this  graunte  and  quyte- 
clayme,  put  to  this  writyng1  her  scale.  Thise  beyng1  witnesse, 
&  cetera. 

[134.]     *  A  Charter  of  Thomas,  Chapeleyne,  of  Wycombe,  *  leaf  177, 
quyte-claymynge    to    the    howse    of    Godestowe,  About 
ij.  mesis  in  Wycombe.  1270< 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Thomas,  Chapeleyne,  of  Sale  to 
8  wycombe,    yaf  and   quyte-claymed1,    and   confermecF  with   this  ^Thomas 
present  writyng  to,  the  howse  of  Godestowe  for  ever,  for  hym  9haPlain. 
and  his  heires,  for  god  and  for  the  helth  of  his  sowle  and  of  his 
auncetours,  all  the  right  that  he  had1  or  myght  have  of  ij.  mesis 

1  2  with   *  the  pertynentis  in  wycombe  vpon  the   dowery  of  the  *  leaf  178. 
chirche   in   the   same   towne:    So   that  the  forsaid1  howse  of 
Godestowe  shold1  resceive  of  Symond1  Alecod1  and  of  his  heires 
yerely  iij.  shillings  at  ij.   iermea  of  the  yere;    And  of  henry 

1  6  Carter  and  of  his  heires  of  William  Oscho  iiij.  shillings  yerely 

at  ij.  termes  of  the  yere,  Savyng1  the  tenementis  to  hym  and  to  subject  to 
his  heires.     The  forsaid1  howse  shold?  yelde  therof  to  the  light 
of  the  chirche  of  wycombe  yerely  ij.  d?.,    And  to  hym  and  to  his 

20  heires  j.  d1.  in  Estir  day.     And  for  this  yifte  and  quyte-clayme 

the  abbesse  of  the  forsaid1  howse  yaf  to  hym  xx.  shillings  of  money>  £»• 
sterlyngis.     And  that  thise  afore  writte  thynges  shold1  be  sure, 
&  cetera. 

[135.]     *  A  quyte-clayme  of  Petir  fit}  Robert  CroendeS),  *ieaf  175, 
quyte-claymyng1  to  the  Couent  of  Godestowe  a  mese  About 
with  the  pertynentis,  &  cetera.  128°- 

24      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Petir  Fit}  Croenden)  Sale  to 
grauntecTand  quyte-claymed1  to  Flandryne,  Abbesse  of  Godestowe, 


and  to  the  Couente  of  the  same  place,  that  mese,  with  the  per-   son  of 
tynentis,  that  he  helde  in  the  towne  of  wycombe  in  the  lane   Crendon, 


28  that  was  of  william  daubure  :  To  be  hold?  and  to  be  had1,  to  the  r^ht  ina 
same  Abbesse  and  Couent  and  to  there  successours  and  to  there  messuage, 
assignes,  so  that  Petir  or  his  heires  no  right  myght  clayme  in  the 


120 


*  leaf  178. 

About 

1300. 


Grant  by 
Godstow, 
to  William 
May,  of  a 
house  and 
curtilage, 


subject  to 
2S.  quit- 
rent, 


with 

special  pro- 
vision for 
distraint. 


*  leaf  176, 

back. 

130f,Febr. 


Buckinghamshire :    Wycombe 

same  mese  nother  in  his  pertynentis.  And  for  this  graunte  and 
quyte-clayme,  &  cetera,  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  yaf  to  hym  x.  shillings 
of  siluer,  by  the  handes  of  Thomas  Wanders,  than  ther  steward1 
there,  &  cetera.  Into  witnesse  of  which  thynge,  &  cetera.  4 

[136.]  *A  Charter  of  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe,  con- 
fermyng1  to  William  May  of  Wycombe,  one  howse 
and  one  Curtilage  of  her  fee,  &  cetera. 

THE    sentence   of  this    charter    is    that    Alice,   abbesse    of 
Godestowe,   and   the   Couente   of  the   same   place,   with  one 
assente  and  consente,  graunted1,  &  cetera,  to  William  May  of 
Wycombe,  one  howse  and  one  curtilage  of  ther  fee  in  the  towne  8 
of  Wycombe,  witft  the  pertynentis,  the  which  lye  in  the  subarbis 
of  Wycombe,  with-out  the  borough,  in  the  strete  toward1  the 
west  and  the  Kyver  that  departith  the  forsaid1  borough  and 
with-oute,  and  strecchitli  in  lengtft  fro  the  tenement  of  Henry  13 
Dyer  toward?  the  sowthe  vnto  the  fee  of  sir  hugt  Spencer  toward1 
the  northe,  as  the  markes  and  depertyngis  teche  and  shewe  :  To 
be  had?  and  to  be  hold1,  of  them  and  ther  successours,  to  the 
foi  said1  William  May  and  to  his  heires  and  to  his  assignes  alt,  16 
frely,  quyetly  and  holy,  pesibly  and  heritably  for  ever0,  yeldyng1 
therof  yerely  to  them  and  to  ther  successours  ij.  shillings  at 
ij.  formes  of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  our  lady 
in  marche  xij.  dl  and  at  Mighelmasse  xij.  dl,  for  alt  seculere  20 
seruyces,  customs,  sutis  of  courtis,  exaccions,  and  demaundes; 
so  that  the  said?  William  and  his  heires  or  ther  assignes  shold? 
susteyne  for  ever  the   forsaid?  howse,    or   another   vpon   ther 
forsaide  fee,  sufficient  to  neme  and  to  distreyne  for  the  forsaid1 24 
rente  and  the  arreragis  of  hit,  yf  ther  happened?  ony.     And  the 
abbesse  and  Couente  and  ther  successours  warantrjecfaquytecTand 
defended?for  evere  the  forsaid1  howse  and  Curtilage,  with  the  perty- 
nentos,  to  the  forsaid1  William  and  to  his  heires  and  to  his  assignes,  28 
ayenst  alt  peple.     Into  witnesse  of  which  thynge,  &  cetera. 

[137.]  *  A  Charter  of  Stephyn  Agothe,  I-pleyd?  in  the 
kyngis  Courte,  for  a  tenemente  in  Irelandes  lane  in 
Wycombe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Stephen)  Agothe  willed? 


Quit-claim 

by  Stephen  to  be  knowe  to  alt  cristen  men  that  whan  Moolde,  Abbesse  of 


Buckinghamshire  :   Wy  combe  121 

Godestowe,  pletect1  in  the  kyngis  courte  by  a  breef  I-callecT  Agothe,  of 
'  Cessauit  per  biennium  '  for  the  arreragis  of  the  rente  in  the  fn  art|ne. 
towne  of  wycombe  that  he  helcle  of  the  same  abbesse  in  Irelandes  ment- 

4  lane  ;  Nathelesse  that  tenement,  with  alt  his  pertynentis  (of* 
certayne  causes,  that  is  to  sey,  bothe  for  arreragis  of  rentis  and 
for  sutis  of  courtis  and  for  other  seruyces  therof  beyng1  behynde 
to  the  forsaid?  Moolde  abbesse,  with-oute  ony  of  right  or  Icrd- 

8  shippe)  after  that  tyme  he  wolde  yelde  hit  and  vttirly  quyte- 
clayme  hit  of  hym  and  his  heires  for  ever,  So  that  nother  he 
nor  none  in  his  name  myght  axe  in  ony  wyse  ony  right  or  clayme 
in  the  forsaid1  tenemente.  Into  witnesse,  &  cetera.  The  date  at 
12  wycombe,  in  the  purifiyng  of  cure  lady,  the  xxxv.  yere  of  the 
reigne  of  kynge  Edwarde. 

[138.]     *A  Graunte  of  Moolde,  abfcesse  of  Godestowe,  *  leaf  175, 

I-made  to  Richard1  Fit3  William  simple  of  ClyftoS),  Jg^lrt 

for  j  pece  of  londe  with  dichis  and  heggis,  and  with  131°- 
alle  other  partynentis,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Moolde,  Abbesse  of  Grant  by 
Godestow,  and  the  Couente  of  the  same  place,  with  theire  owne  to°WilUam 


1  6  assente  and  consente,  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  William  fit:?  Richard1  S^1*16'  for 
'    J     '  /  y  hfe-term, 

simple  of  Clyfton),  j  pece  of  londe  with  diches  and  heggis  liyng1  of  an  en- 
to,  with  aft  his  other  -pertynentes,   aboue  Ludewatir   in  the  co£ 
parissh  of  wycombe  of  the  Southe  parte,  and  buttith  one  hede 

ao  to  the  loncF  of  Sir  Robert  Fyneel  of  the  west  parte,  and  another 

hede  to  the  woode  of  the  prioresse  of  Merlawe  :  To  be  had1  and  [Marlow 
to  be  hold1,  of  them  and  of  ther  successouris,  to  the  forsaict  priory'J 
William  fit}  Richard1  simple  to  his  lyf,  al  so  frely,  quyetly,  *  holy  *  leaf  176, 

24  wele  and  in  pease,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  to  them)  and  to  ther 
successours  vj.  d!,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  Seynt  Mighett 
iij.  oT.  and  at  the  fest  of  our  lady  in  marche  iij.  6T.,  for  aft  seculer 
seruyce  and  demaundes.  And  the  forsaid?  Molde  and  the  Couente 

28  and  their  successours  warantijed?  aft  the  forsaicT  pece  of  loncP, 
dyches,  and  heggis,  with  aft  ther  pertynentis,  to  the  forsaide 
William,  to  his  lyf  only,  ayenst  aft  peple.  Into  witnesse,  & 
cetera. 


122 


DORSETSHIRE 


[MAIDEN  NEWTON.] 

[NoxE.  —  At  the  dissolution,  1540,  Godstow  was  still  in  receipt  of  this  rent-charge 
of  £6  135.  4^.,  less  13.5.  4$.  paid  to  the  bailiff:  Monast.  iv.  375~6.] 


*  leaf  219, 
>.1270. 


Grant  to 

by*  Painde 
Chaworth 
(died  1278), 
of£6  133.  4d. 

able  (atPay~ 
Hullaving- 

out  of  lands 
Newton,6" 


leaf  220. 


of  which 
shouid  be 


ance; 
a3pittance 


annver- 


a  pittance 


[139.]  *  A  Charter  of  Pagane  de  Cadurcijs,  made  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestow,  for  x.  mark  yerly  in  mayden 
Newnton). 

THE  sentence    of  this  charter  is,  that  Pagane  de  Cadurcijs 
yaf,  graunted1,  and  by  his  present  charter  confermed)  to  god  and 
to  the  chirch  of  our  lady  and  seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godestow 
and  to  the  mynchons  ther  servyng^god  and  for  evermore  to  serve,  4 
for  the  helth  of  his  soule  and  for  the  soule  of  hawyse  his  modir 
and  for  aft  his  auncetowrs  and  successours,  in  fre  pure  and  per- 
petuel  almesse,  x.  markjOf  yerely  rent,  at  hauyndon),  at  ij  termes 
in  the  yere  for  evermore  to  be  taken) ;  that  is  to  sey,  at  Estir  8 
v.  markj  and  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Mighett  v.  mark,;  and  that  of 
ser  lohn  Cheverett,  knyght,  and  his  heires,  for  dyuerse  tene- 
mentis  which  the  forseid1  ser  lohn  held1  of  hym  in  the  towne  of 
Maiden  Newnton) :  *  To  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  the  forsaid1  rente,  12 
of  hym  and  his  heires,  to  the  forseid1  mynchons  and  to  ther 
successours,  in  fre  pure  and  perpetueft  almesse  for  evermore. 
And  the  forsaicT  Pagane  and  his  heires,  the  forsaid1  rent  of  x. 
mark,  to  the  forseid1  mynchons  and  to  ther  successours,  ayenst  16 
alt  maner  of  peple  shaft  warantije  acquyte  and  defende  for  euer- 
more.     He  willed1  and  ordeyned1  that  of  the  forseid1  rent  the  saicT 
Couent  sholcT  have  for  evermore  viij.  marke  to  ther  clothyng1; 
and  a  mark,  to  their  pytaunce  the  day  of  the  holdyng1  of  the  20 
obite  of  Hawyse  his  modir ;  And  a  marke  to  their  pytaunce  the 
day  of  the  holdyng1  of  the  obite  of  Eve  his  Graunt  dame :  So 
that  the  Abbesse,  nother  her  Steward)  no  thyng1  elles  do  vtiih 
the   forsaid1  rent,  neither  to  chaunge  or  to  make  other  orde-  24 
naunce.     And  that  this  his  yifte,  graunte,  and  his  charter  con- 


Dorsetshire  :  May  den  Newnton  123 

fermyng1,    sholct1    stonct1    ferine    and    stable    for    evermore,    he  on  his 
strengthecT  his  present  chartir  with  his  seale.     These  beynge   mother's 
witnesse  :    ser  Robert  of  Owotot,  and  Robert  of  Mucegros,  ser  anmver- 
4  Patril^  and  hereuyke  de  Cadurcijs,  his  brethern),  ser  Robert  of 
lustehitt  and  walrand1  of  Bluntesdon),  lohn  the  sone  of  walrand1, 
Maister  Robert  MayngnarcT,  than  keper  of  the  hous  of  Godestow, 
and  many  other. 

[140.]      A  writyng1  fro  Pagan  de  Cadurcijs  to  ser  lohn  1270, 
Cheverett,  &  cetera.  July  '7> 

8      THE   sentence   of  this   writyng1  was    made   fro    Pagane   de   Letter  by 
Cadurcijs  vnto  ser  lohn  of  Chevereft,  knyght,  and  to  his  heires   chaworth, 
and  his  assignes  who-so-ever  thei  were  :  Sendith  gretyng1  in  god.   directing 

000;    j^  tenant, 

where  [to]  the  religious  ladies  Abbesse  and  Couent  of  Gode-   Sir  John  de 
12  stow,  by  his  charter,  in  pure  and  perpetueft  almesse,  x.  markjof  to   aTo  ' 


yerely  rent  of  vow  for  certeyne  tenementis  in  the  towne  of 

the  quit- 

mayden   NewntofD,  whicn  to  hym  ye  were  wonte   to  pay  at  rents  of 

ij.  termes  in  the  yere  at  hauyngdon)  to  be  taken),  for  hym  and  for  due1  from  ' 

16  his  heires,  for  evermore  he  yaf  and  assigned1;  [he  bade]  yow,  and  tis  free- 

by  the  tenour  of  this  present  .writyng1  yaf  in  comaundement,  that  no.  139. 


fro  hens  forthe,  of  the  payment  of  the  forseicT  rent  at  the  same 
termes  and  place  to  be  made,  vnto  the  forseid1  Religious  or  to  Wilts.] 

20  theire  attorney,  beryng1  thise  lettrea  or  ony  other  lettres  of  pro- 
curacie,  and  wit^-out  ony  defaute  be  ye  intendaunte,  in  fuft 
payment  makyngi  In  witnesse  wherof  to  thise  present  le^res, 
he  put  to  his  seale.  The  date  is  at  Godestow,  in  the  day  of 

24  seynt  kenelme  kyng1  and  martir.  The  yere  of  our  lord1  god  a 
thousand1  two  hundred1  and  Seventy. 

[141.]     *  A  ConfirmacioS)  of  Patricl^  de  Cadurcijs  con-   *  leaf  221. 
fermyng1  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestow  the  forseid1 
x.  mark,  of  yerely  rent. 

THE  sentende  of  this  confirmacion)  is,  that  Patrikj  de  Cadurcijs   Confirma- 
Sendith  gretyng-  in  god  :  know  ye  vs  that  we  have  beholden)  th 


28  Charter  of  ser  Pagane  our  brother  in  thise  wordes  :  '  Be  hit  by  Patrick 
knowen  to  alt  nianer  of  men  to  whom  this  present  writyng1  shall  worth  (died 
come  to,  that  I  pagane  de  Cadurcijs  yaf,  graunted1,  and  by  my 
present  charter  confermed1,  to  god  and  to  the  chirche  of  our  lady 

32  seynt  marie  and  to  seynt  John  Baptist  of  Godestow  and  to  the 


124 


Dorsetshire:  May  den  Newnton 


grant (as 
in  no.  139). 


*  leaf  221, 
back. 


[Peter 
Quirol, 
bishop  of 
Exeter, 
1280-1291.] 


1283, 
June  6. 


mynchons  ther  servyng'god  and  to  serve  for  ever,  for  tLe  helthe 
of  my  soule  and  for  the  soule  of  Hawyse  my  modir  and  for  ait 
myne   auncetours  and  successours,  in  fre  pure  and  perpetueft 
almesse,  x.  mark,  of  yerely  rent  at  Hauyndon)  at  two  termes  in  4 
the  yere  to  be  taken)  for  evermore :  that  is  to  sey,  at  Estir 
v.  mark,  And  at  the  fest  of  seynt  Migheft  v.  markj,  and  this  *  of 
ser  lohn  Chevereft  and  his  heires  for  dyuerse  tenementis  which 
the  seicT  lohn  held1  of  me  in  the  towne  of  Mayden)  Newnton) :  To  8 
have  and  to  hold;  aft  the  forseid1  rente,  of  hym  and  his  heires,  to 
the  forseid1  mynchons  and  to  ther  successours,  in  fre  pure  and 
perpetueft  almesse  for  evere.     And  I  the  foisaicT  Pagane  and 
myne  heires  aft  the  forseid1  rent  of  x.  mark,  to  the  forseid?  myn-  1 2 
chons  and  to  ther  successours  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple  shaft 
waranti3e  acquyte  and  defende  for  euermore.     I  wille  also  and 
ordeyne  that  of  the  forseid?  rent  the  Couent  haue  yerely  viij. 
markjVnto  their  clothyng;  and  a  marke  vnto  a  pytaunce  in  the  *$ 
day  of  the  obite  of  hawise  his  modir,  And  a  marke  to  a  pytaunce 
in  the  day  of  the  obite  of  Eve  his  graunt  dame :  So  that  the 
Abbes se  or  her  Steward1  shall  do  none  other  thyng1  wiih  the 
forseid1  rent  nor  chaunge  nor  make  ordenaunce.     And  that  this  20 
my  yifte,  graunte,  and  charter  confermyng1,  ferme  and  stable  and 
vnhurt  shaft   abide  for  ever,  this  present  charter  I  have  I- 
strengthecTwet/i  the  prynte  of  my 'scale.     These  beyng  witnesse : 
£er  Robert  de  Tybetot  and  ser  Robert  Musegrose,  ser  Patrik^ 
and  hereuyke  de  Cadurcijs  his  brethren),  And  many  other/    This 
forseid1  yifte  and  graunte  to  stond1  ferme  and  stable  for  vs  and 
for  our  heires,  this  present  writyng1  we  conferme.     In  witnesse 
wherof,  to  this  present  writyng1  we  have  put  to  our  scale.    These  28 
beyng"   witnesse:    the    worshipfulle   Fadre     Peter,   bisshop   of 
Excetir,  ser  Richard?  of  Colleshy ft,  ser  Robert  of  Luffeteshuft,  and 
ser  lohn  walrand1,  knyghtis,  Roger  of  wryteft,  and  many  other. 
The  date  is  at  ChynemareforcT,  in  the  fest  of  whitsontyde,  The  32 
yere  of  the  reigne  of  king1  Edward1  Ipe  xjth. 

[142.]     A  writyng1  how  Pateril^  de  Cadurcius  wrote  to 
Alexandre  of  Chevereft  for  the  x.  mark,  aforseioT,  & 

cetera. 


Letter  by          THE  sentence  of  this  writyng  [is],  that  Patrik,  de  Cadurcijs 
wrote   to  Alexandre   of  Chevereft,  the   sone  of  ser   lohn   of 


Dorsetshire  :  Newnton  125 

Cheverett,  knyght,  and  to  his  heires,  and  to  his  assigneis,  what-   Chaworth, 
so-ever  thei  be  :  Send1  gretyng1  in  our  lord1  god  ;  wher,  [to]  the  hSTenant 
Religious  ladies  Abbesse  and  Couent  of  Godestow,  ser  Pagane  Alexander 
4  de  Cadurcijs,  our  brother,  by  his  charter,  in  pure  and  perpetuel  rell,  to  pay 
almesse,  x.  markj  of  yerely  rent  at  hauyngdon)  to  be  taken),  for  charges  (as 
hym  and  his  heires,  yaf  and  graunted1  and  assigned1:  which  for-   toGodstow 
seicT  yifte  by  our  writyng1  we  conferme  ;  and  vnto  yow  by  this 
8  present  writyngiyeve  in  comaundement  that  fro  hens  forthe  vpon) 
the  payment  *  of  the  forseid1  rent  at  the  forseid1  termes  to  the   *  leaf  222. 
forseid1  Religious  or  to  theirs  attorney  with-out  ony  difficulte 
that  ye  take  hede  and  futt  payment  that  ye  make.     In  witnesse 

12  wherof,  to  this  present  writyng1  We  have  put  to  our  seale,  and 

to  perpetuel  memorie  thise  our  presentis  we  have  made   our  [Cinder- 
le^res   patentis.     The  date  is   at  ChynemareforcT,  in  the  fest  aioucester- 
of  whitsontyde,  The  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyngp  Edward1  the  s 

16  xth 


[143.]  *A  covenaunte  bitwene  the  Abbesse  of  Gode-  *  leaf  220. 
stow  and  Alexandre  Cheverett,  sone  of  aer  lohn  of  A-D-1283- 
Cheverett,  knyght. 

THE  sentence  of  this  covenaunte  is  made  bitwene  the  Abbesse  Agreement 
of  Godestow  and  the  Couent  of  the  same  place  of  that  one   Q^stow 
partie,    and    *  Alexandre,  sone  and   heire    of  lohn   Cheverett,   *  leaf  220, 
20  knyght,  on  that  other  partie  :    That  is  to  sey,  that  where-as   bac^ 
Pagane  de  Cadurcijs  to  the  forseid1  Abbesse  and  Co  vent  and  ander  of 
theirs  monastorie  graunted1  and  yaf  by  his  charter  x.  mark,  of  as  t<Tpay-' 

yerely  rent  which  he  was  wonte  to  have  of  the  forseid1  ser  lohn  ?a.ent  of 

his  rent- 
24  Cheverett,  knyght,  of  dyuerse  tenementis  the  which  he  held"  of  charge  of 

hym  in  Mayden  Newnton),  to  be  taken)  of  hym  to  ser  Pagane  ^  in\of  * 
and  his  heires  in  the  maner  of  Hauyndon)  where  the  same  lohn   iw  and 
and  his  heires  the  forsaid?  rent  sholct1  paye  by  his  feffemente  : 
28    And  afterward1  ser  Patrik,of  Cadurcijs,  brother  and  heire  of  the 
forsaid1  ser  Pagane,  by  his  charter,  assigned1  the  forseid1  Alexandre 
and   his   heires  and    assignes    and    att  other  that   sholct1  hold1 
the  forseid1  tenementis  that  in  att  wise  to  paye  the  forseid1  rent 
32  to  the  forseid1  Abbesse  and  Couent  and  to  there  Monastery  afor- 
seid1,  So  that  to  them  forthwith  to  aunswere  of  the  seid1  rent. 
And  the  forseid1  Abbesse,  wtt^  one  wille  and  assent  of  her  Covent 


126  Dorsetshire  :  Neivnton 

aforseid;  and  in  like  wise  of  the  assente  of  the  forseid1  Alexandra, 

assigned1  the  forseid1  Alexandre  and  his  heires  and  his  assignes 

a  certeyne  place,  that  is  to  sey,  at  their  Maner  of  Eton)  next 

at  Water-      Criklade,  to  the  payment  of  the  forseid1  rent  there  euery  yere  at  4 

manor  near  the  termes  to  be  made  :  So  that  the  messanger  that  bryngith 


rente  thedir  snatt  nave  there  aft  his"  expenses,  by  the  same 
undertak-     day  and  nyght,  And  more-over  as  longe  as  he  abidith  for  the 
tertain  the    acquytance.     And  also  they  promysed1,  and  bounden  hem-self  8 
person  who  an(j  their  house,  to  the  forseid1  Alexandre  and  to  his  heires  and 

brings  the 

money,         to  his  assigneis,  that  thei  ayenst  ait  peple  shaft  acquyte  and 
save  harmelesse  the  seid1  Alexandre  and  aft  other  of  the  rent 
and  pro-       aforseid1,  yf  hit  happith  therfor  to  be  vexed1  or  troubled1.     And  1  2 
<Saiingno°      a^so  they  sholcT  not  aske  of  the  forseid  Alexandre  neither  of  his 

'relief  'or     heires  nother  of  his  assignes,  neither  Eelef  nor  other  service, 

other  leudal  ° 

service,         saaf  only  the  forseid1  rent  fro  yere  in-to  yere  of  x.  marke.     And 

yf  hit  happe  that  ony  of  the  heires  of  the  forsaid?  Alexandre  or  16 
of  his  assignes  or  the  heires  of  theirs  heires  to  be  in  the  kepyng1 
and  agree-    and  warde  of  the  Chief  lordis  of  that  fee,  of  the  which  they  hold1 
collect  the    or  shall  e  hold1  the  forseid1  tenementis  by  a  knyght  service,  the 


forsaide  Abbesse  and  Couent,  duryng1  the  same  kepyng1,  of  the  20 
holder's        hondes  of  theyme  that  shaft  hold1  the  seid1  tenementis,  the  seid1 
rent  snatt  *  resceive,  So  that  the  same  heires  whan  that  thei 


minority,      come  to  theire  lawfuft  age  in  no  wise   stonde  bounden)  or  be 
*  loaf  221 

distreyned1  for  the   arreragis  therof,  what-so-ever  it  be  ;    Saaf  24 

whan  they  ben  come  to  theire  lawfuft  age,  afterward1  for  them- 
and  Alex-  self  ben)  bound1  to  pay  hit.  And  the  forseid?  Alexandre  wolleth 
Cheverell  an<^  grauntith,  for  hym,  his  heires,  and  his  assigneis,  that  aft  the 
s?,bie.cting  other  londes  and  tenementis  that  he  holdith  in  Maiden  Newnton)  28 

all  his 

Maiden         [be  bound]  to  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and  Couent  and  to  ther  monas- 
aforseid1,  [for]  the  forseid1  yerely  rent  of  x.  mark,  to  be  taken) 


to  distraint  vere}y  Of  afj  nis  londis  and  tenementis  aforseid1  for  evermore  atte 

for  said 

rent-  termes  aforseid1,  that  is  to  sey,  the  one  half  therof  atte  fest  of  32 

seynt  Migheft  and  that  other  half  atte  fest  of  the  Annunciacion) 
of  our  Lady  at  the  forseid1  Maner  of  Eton)  next  Criklade,  as  it 
is   aforseid1.      And  yf  hit  happe  that  the  forsaid1  Alexandre,     . 
or  his  heires,  or  his  successours  who-so-ever  thei  be,  to  faile  36 
of  the   payment  of  the    forseid1  rent,  in   parte  or  in   aft,    at 
ony  of  the  seid1  termes,  than  it  shaft  be  lefuft  to  the  forseid1 
Abbesse   and    Couent  them  that  so   faileth  for  the  arreragis 


Dorsetshire  :  Newnton  127 

therof  in  ail  the  forseicf  tenementis  and  aft  catalles  that  therin 
may  be  founde  resonably  to  distreyne,  as  hit  was  lefuft  to  the 
forseid1  ser  Pagane  and  to  his  heires  and  his  assignes,  yf  the 

4  rent  aforseid1  thei  held1  in  their  owne  hondes.  In  witnesse 
wherof  the  parties  aforseid1  to  this  present  writyng1,  endented1 
enterchaungeably,  have  sette  to  her  scales.  These  beyng1  wit- 
nesse: ser  Robert  of  Meysy,  ser  Richard1  of  Ryvers,  ser  lolin 

8  Goolofure,  ser  lohn  walrand1,  ser  william  of  Bluntesdon),  knyghtis, 
and  many  other. 

[143*.    Quitrents1  at  Maiden  Newton  J 

*  Memorandum-  the  yere  and  Reyne  of  kyng  hary  the  vijth   *  leaf  224. 
after  the  Conquest  the  xj  yere,  of  the  Rent  of  Maydyn  Newton 
12  in  dyuers  parseft. 

Hem  :  of  thomas  Frome  for  ij  tenementys    .         .  vs.  vj  d1.   inexact 

Item:  the  heyrys  of  lohn  Chevereft  for  on  tene-  of  the  items 


1  6  Item  :  Wyllyam  Cosere  for  ij  akers  &  iij  rodys 

,  ......  T_    charge, 

and  on  close        .         .         .         .         .         nj  s.  vnj  oT. 

Item  :  lolin  Obley  &  Wyllyam  Ed  wardy  s  for  2  bo  we 
j  lond  for  x  acre  of  Arabyft  lond  callyd 

20  Bordlond  with  pastur  for  a  c  schype    .  x  s. 

Item  :  Rychard  Rowlond  for  v  akers  of  Arabyft 

lond  with  pastur  for  xl  schip       .  vs. 

Item  :  the  same  Rychard  Rowlond  for  j  close     .          iijs.  iiij  d1. 
24  Item  :  lolin  baker  &  Edward  Baker  bowe  for  on 
tenement  callyd  bordlond  with  pastur 
for  cccc  schep     .....      Ixvi  s.  viij  d1. 
Item  :    for  the  Abbot  of  Cerym  for  a  tenement  £6  14*.  id. 

,8  callyd  Bottreau  .  .   xxxviij  s.  y  <T. 

The  Summa  of  the  nolle  vj  li.  xiiij  s.  j  d1. 

ye  most  haue  yt  of  my  lord  schuse  and  my  lord  storston)  and  the 
abbott  of  seryn)  3,  and  ye  may  strayne  on  for  aft,  and  aft  for  on), 
32  the  hoft  sum  vj  li.  xiij  s.  iiij  d!,  wyche  Evydnese4  haue  byn  seyn, 
xj  yere  of  kyng  hary  the  vij. 

1  This  scribbling  is  the  last  writing  in  3  Possibly  Zouch,  Stourton,  Cerne. 

the  MS.  *  Possibly  =  '  bothe  for.'  4  evidences. 


GLO  UCESTERSHIEE 


[BOURTON.] 

[NOTE. — The  witnesses  to  this  deed  (in  the  Exchequer  MS.)  are  Adam,  Walerand, 
Jordan,  and  Walter,  priests  of  Godstow  ;  Thomas,  priest  of  Dalesforde  ;  Symon,  of 
Suelle  ;  Herebert,  of  Bradeuell ;  Ralph,  of  Suelle  ;  William,  of  Bageherste.  These, 
according  to  custom,  appear  to  be  the  clerics  of  the  parishes  Daylesford,  Upper 
Swell,  Broadwell,  and  Lower  Swell  which  are  next  Bourton-on-the-hill.  Donning- 
ton  is  a  hamlet,  somewhat  to  the  north  of  Upper  Swell  and  Broadwell.  The  bene- 
faction seems  later  than  Pope  Celestine  Ill's  confirmation,  1192,  and  to  have  been 
alienated  before  pope  Nicholas  IV's  Taxatio,  1291.] 


*leaf 
XXVI  or 
37.  About 
1195. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  William 
of  Donn- 
ington,  son 
of  John  of 
Bourton- 
on-the-hill, 
[Nun's 
dower.  ]  of 
53.  6d.  quit- 
rent  out  of 
a  yard- 
land,  sub- 
ject to  a 
quit-rent  to 
Evesham 
abbey,  with 
right  of  re- 
version if 
the  direct 
line  of  ten- 
ants fail 


[144.]     *  Chartur  of  William  of  Doninton  of  a  yerdelonde 
in  Bourton. 

THE  sentence  of  this  chartur  is  Ipai  william  of  Doninton,  J>e 
sone  of  lohn  of  bourton,  bi  fe  consente  of  his  heiris,  gaf  & 
grauntid1,  &  confirmicT  wif>  his  chartur,  to  god  &  to  j?e  churche 
of  ou?  ladi  &  of  seinte  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  f>e  min-  4 
chons  ]?e?  seruinge  god1,  in-to  pure  fre  &  perpetuel  almis,  for  ]>e 
hel}>e  of  his  sowle  &  of  his  wife  &  of  his  fadur  &  of  his  modur 
&  of  his  children,  with  his  dowhter  Isabel!,  j.  yerde  of  londe  in 
bourton,  f>e  -whiche  Ipe  heiris  of  wido  his  vncle  helde  as  heire,  of  8 
f>e  whiche  thei  sholde  pay  yerli  to  J>e  fore-seicf  minchons  of 
Godestowe  v.  shillings  vj.  <T,  of  whiche  J>e  fore-seid  minchons 
sholde  pay  oute  yerli  bi  his  hondis  &  his  heiris  to  ]>e  abbot  of 
Eynisham1  xviij.  6T,  for  all  seruice  Ipat  longith  to  f>at  londe;  &  12 
if  hit  falle  pat  f>e  heiris  of  wido  faile,  Ipe  fore-seide  londe  sholde 
turne  &  abide  fre  &  louse  to  \>Q  churche  of  Godestowe,  sauinge  fe 
fore-seide  seruice  of  j?e  abbot  of  Eynysham1.     Also  he  &  his 
heiris  sholde  warantije  to  J>e  fore-seide  Minchons  ]>e  fore-seide  16 
londe  for  euir  :  &  is  with-oute  date. 


1  The  Latin  has  'Euesham.' 


Gloucestershire:  Cheryngton  129 


[CHEKRINGTON,  AND  CHAELTON  in  Tetbury  Parish.] 

[NOTE.  —  The  document  is  incomplete,  a  leaf  being  lost.  In  the  Latin  Register 
(Exchequer  MS.)  there  is  no  mention  of  this  estate.  The  gift  is  later  than  the  1291 
valuation  of  pope  Nicholas  IV.  In  1540  Godstow  was  receiving  (Monast.  iv.  375) 
from  it  £i  145.  from  the  customary  tenants  and  £3  55.  8d.  from  the  freeholds,  and 
paying  out  6s.  8d.  for  the  bailiffs  fee.] 

[145.]     *  A   Charter  of    Annore,   somtyme    the   wyf  of  *  leaf  217, 
Hugh  Mortemere,  confermyng1  to  the  mynchons  of  J^boiit 
Godestow  Cheryngton)  and  CharletonX  isoo? 

THE  sentence  of  this  Charter  is,  that  Annore,  somtyme  the   Grant  to 
wyf  of  ser  hugh  Mortymer,  in  her  fre  wedowhode  and  of  her  by  Annore 


owne  wille  and  of  her  fre  mariage,  yaf,  graunted1,  and  by  her 
4  present  charter  conformed1,  to  god  and  to  our  Lady  seynt  Marie  Mortimer, 
and  to  the  chirche  of  Seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godestow  and  to 
the  holy  mynchons  ther  servyng1  god,  for  the  helthe  of  her  soule 
and  of  her  lord?  ser  hugh  Mortymere  her  husbond1,  and  for  her  Of  her  serfs, 

8  fadirs  and  modirs  soule  and  for  the  soules  of  aft  her  auncetows  *^eir  f&1^'1- 

lies,  and 

and  successours,  Raaf,  bondman),  of  Cumbe,  and  Gonnylde  his  their  lands, 
wyf,  with  aft  theire  sequele  ;  and  Emme,  wedow,  of  Cheryngton),  Emma*  P  ' 
with  aft  her  sequele  ;  and  Roger,  the  sone  of  Aleyne,  bondman),  Roger, 

12  and  Alice  his  wyf,  with  aft  ther  sequele;  and  Walter,  the  sone  Walter; 
of  Hulyn),   bondman),   and    Godihold1  his  wyf,   with  aft  theire 
sequele;  and  aft  the  rentis  and  service  which  william,  the  sone  and  of  rent 
of  Helye,  of  Charleton),  and  Geffrey  of  Cheryngton),  and  Robert 

1  6  of  westrooppe,  and  Hugh  Smyth  of  Charleton,  and  lohn  EverarcT, 
of  Charleton),  with-in  the  parissh  of  Tedbury,  which  to  hym  thei 
ought  and  vsed1  to  make  ;  with  aft  the  londes  of  the  bondmen), 
with  relefis,  and  heriettis,  mariagis,  Eschetis,  and  riaft  services, 

20  and  with  aft  other  rentis  and  thyngis  which  gone  out  or  may 
gone  out  of  the  forsaid1  loncF:  To  have  and  to  hold1,  to  the  for- 
seicT  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  frely  and  quyetly,  in  pure  and 
perpetuel  almes,  with  aft  the  forseicF  bondmen  and  their  tene- 

24  mentis,  and  with  aft  the  services  of  the  fre  tenauntis,  and  aft 
other  pertynentis,  with-out  any  wetA-holdyng1. 
[Leaf  missing.] 


Gloucestershire :   1"  Daglingworthe 


[DAGLINGWORTH.] 

[NOTE. — The  pension  of  2s.  paid  by  this  church  to  Godstow  is  mentioned  in 
pope  Nicholas  IV's  Taxatio,  1291,  and  was  still  paid  at  the  dissolution,  1540  (Monast. 
iv.  375)0 


*leaf 
XXVI  or 
37.  About 
1150. 

Grant  to 
Godstow 
by  Ralph 
Bloet,  of 
the  ad  vow- 
son  of  the 
church. 


[146.]     *  Chartur  of  Raph    bloet   for  the   churche   of 
Daglingworthe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  chartur  is,  J>at  Raph  bloet  gaf,  & 
grauntid1,  to  god?  &  to  ou?  ladi  &  to  seint  lohn  baptiste  &  to  J?e 
churche  of  Godestowe  &  to  f>e  holi  minchons  f>e?  seruinge  god1, 
his  churche  of  Daglingworth,  wife  aft  his  pertinences,  into  4 
perpetuel  almis,  for  J»e  helf>e  of  his  sowle  &  of  his  predecessours, 
freli.&  quietli  fro  aft  seculer  seruice :  &  is  with-oute  date. 


[NOTE.— Witnesses  are  Matthew,  archdeacon  of  Gloucester  (died  1177)  ;  Kobert  of 
Meisi ;  Robert  of  Everci,  &c.] 


*leaf 
XXVI  or 
37,  back. 
About 
1150. 
Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  the 
donor's 
brother 
Walter 
Bloet, 
of  no.  146. 


[147.]     *  Chartur  of  watur  bloet  confirminge  j>e  gyfte  of 
J?e  churche  of  Dalingworfe. 

THE   sentence   of  Jns    chartur   is,    Jmt   watur   bloet   gaf   & 
grauntid1,   &    confirmid)    with   his  writinge,    to   god1  &   to  fe  8 
churche  of  GUI?  ladi  &  of  seint  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestow,  & 
to  f>e  minchons  fe?  seruinge  god1,  for  J>e  helfe  of  his  sowle  &  of 
his  aunceturs  &  successurs,  }>&  gifte  ]>e  whiche  sire  Raph  bloet, 
his  brother,  made  to  hem  &  confirmid1  with  his  writinge,  Also  12 
the  churche  of  Dalingworfe,  with  att  his  pertinens,  in-to  pu?  & 
perpetuel  almis :  &  \>ai  his  graunt  shold?  be  sure,  he  put  to  his 
seele :  &  is  wetA-oute  date1. 


About 
1220. 


donor's 
nephew 


[148.]     Chartur  of  william  bloet  conflrminge  fe  same 
gifte  a-fore  of  the  churche  of  Dalingworfe. 

THE  sentence  of  J>is  chartur  is,  Ipat  william  bloet,  for  f>e  sake  16 


Confirma- 

Godstow       °^  cnai>ite  &  loue,  for  his  owne  hel}>e  &  for  f  e  sowlis  of  his 

by  the          auncetws    &    successours,  grauntid1,   &    confermicT   with    his 

writinge,  to  god  &  to  Ipe  church  of  ou?  ladi  and  seint  lohn 


1  Witnesses :  (the  donor)  Kalph  Bloet,  and  Stephen  of  Silcestria. 


Gloucestershire  :  If  Daglingworthe  131 

baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  f>e  minchons  Ipere  seruinge  god1,  j?e  William 


churche  of  Dalingworfe,  with  aft  his  pertinences,  iri-to  pure  &  no°ei46° 
perpetuel  almis,  fre  &  quiete  fro  aft  seculer  seruice  &  exaccion, 
4  as  his  vncles  Eaph  &  waiter  bloet  gaf  &  grauntid1  &  confirmicT 
to  f>e  fore-seide  rainchons,  as  he?  charturs  witnessin  :  &  bat  his 
gifte  &  confinnacion  sholde  a-bide  stable  &  firme,  he  put  to 
his  seele  to  J?is  present  writinge  :  &  is  witA-oute  date1. 


[149.]     *Confirmacion  of  Raph  prior  of  wircetur  general  *  leaf 

vicari  of  Roger  bisshopp  of  wircetur  for  }>e  churche  38  About 

of  Dalingworthe.  1165- 

8      THE  sentence  of  this  confirmacion  is,  fat  whenne  Raph,  prior  Confirma- 

of  wircetitr,  kepid1  J>e  stede  of  Roger,  bisshoppe  of  wircetur,  cJodstow,by 


Raph  bloet  2,  knyht,  grauntid  &  confirmid1,  in  pe  presence  of  be 

seid?  prior  &  of  mathewe,  archedecun  of  gloucetur,  to  j?e  abbas  &  by  Kalph 

12  to  fe  mynchons  of  seint  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe,  J>e  churche  fora,eprior 

of  Dalingworth,  in-to  perpetuel  almis,  in  J>e  fuft  chapitur  of  J>e  of  "Worces- 

clerkes  of  cicetur  :  J>e  same  raph  also,  bi  J»e  autorite  f>at  he  had,  89),  vicar- 

confirm  icT  to  fe  fore-seid1  churche,  abbas,  &  minchons,  f>e  fore-  f^er* 

1  6  namid1  eifte,  &  strengthicT  hit  by  be  ordre  of  bis  writinge,  &  bi  bishop  of 
.  .         .  ,  Worcester 

settynge  to  of  his  seele;  &  is  wetA-oute  date.  (1164-79),  of 

the  advow- 
son  of  the 
church. 

[150.]     Conuencion  I-made  bitwene  j>e  churche  of  G-ode-  About 
stowe  &  lohn  of  Cundewille  vppon   J>e  church  of  1165- 
Dalingworfe. 

THIS  was  J>e  conuencion  bi-twene  J>e  churche  of  seint  lohn  Promise  to 
baptiste  of  Godestowe,  &  lohn  of  Cundeweft,  clerke,  vppon  Ipe  by  John^'of 

so  churche  of  Dalingeworth  :  .  fat  f>e  fore-seid1  lohn  sholde  haue  to   Cundeweli, 
pension  j.  besaunt  or  ij.  shillings  yerli  with-iu  fe  vtas  of  seint  to  pay 
lohn  baptiste,  in  the  name  of  J?e  fore-seid1  churche  of  Dalingworfe, 
to  be  paicT  at  Godestowe  :  &  to  f>is  couenaunt  to  be  holde  f  e  fore- 

24  seioT  lohn  made  an  othe  bodili  in  fe  presens  of  f  e  Abbas  &  of 
aft  Ipe  couent  &  of  mony  of>er  feif  ful  merc.,  euin  as  he  had  made 

1  Witnesses  :  '  Sir  '  Simon  of  Hinton,  due  to  some  confusion  caused  by  the  fre- 

Absalom  of  Stanton,  Sir  Kalph  Harang,  quent  vacancies  in  the  see,  bishop  Simon 

Sir  William  of  Sewekesworthe.  dying  in  n£$;  bishop  John  Pagham,  in 

3  The  re-grant  by  the  donor  was  possibly  1  157  ;  and  bishop  Alfred,  in  1  160. 

K   2 


mcesterskire :  If  Daglingworthe 


and  oath 
of  fealty  to 
Godstow. 


*leaf 
XXVI  or 
37,  back. 
About 
1200. 

Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  Mau- 
gere,  bishop 
of  Worces- 
ter (1199- 
1212),  of 
no.  149. 


[A  gulden.] 


*  leaf  152, 

back. 

1225,April. 


couenaunt  a-fore  bi-twene  hem  in  the  chapiter  at  cicetur,  to  pe 
whiche  oj>e  were  presente  sir  Raph,  prior  of  wircetur,  &  maistur 
petur,  pe  archedecun's  official  of  pe  same  place.  Also  he  did1 
make  p e  ope  of  fewte,  to  be  [true]  to  pe  fore-seide  churche  of  4 
Godestowe  :  &  if  hit  fille  J?at  pe  seid1  lohn  wolde  goo  backe  fro  pe 
fore-seide  conuencion,  Ipe  abbas  reseruid1  to  her  selfe,  bi  pe  same 
lohn  consent  inge,  Ipe  goinge  a-geine  to  aft  quareft  pat  she  had 
bi-fore  a-geiniste  him  :  &  is  with-oute  date.  g 

[151.]  *Chartur  of  Maunsel1  bisshoppe  of  wyrcetur 
confirminge  the  same  gifte  of  J>e  churche  of  Daling- 
worthe. 

THE  sentence  of  pis  confirmacion  [is],  pat  Mansel  \  bisshope 
of  worcetur,  willid1  &  acceptid1  wilfulli  pe  gifte  Ipai  Raph  bloet 
made  to  pe  church  &  to  Ipe  holi  minchons  of  Godestowe  of  pe 
churche  of  Dalingworfe,  Ipe  which  Ipe  seicT  Raph  grauntid1  to  12 
hem,  in-to  pu?  &  perpetueft  almis,  &  waiter  bloet  his  broker 
confirmid?  to  hem,  as  he  had?  sei  bi  he?  charters :    &  J>is  gifte 
Raph,  sumtime  prior  of  wyrcetur,  kepinge  f>e  stede  of  goode 
william 2  sumtime  bisshoppe  of  wircetur,  Also  confirmid1  hit  to  16 
hem :  J?er-fore  Ipat  bis  gifte  myht  bide  firme  &  stable  in  time  to 
come,  he  decreid1,  with  pis  present  writinge,  to  confirme  hit 
vndur  pe  witnes  of  his  seele,  &  willicT  &  ordeinid,  bi  the  autorite 
pat   he   was3   bisshoppe,    pat    pe   fore-seid1   minchons    sholde  20 
take  of  pe  fore-seide  churche   pe   same   pension  fat   J?ei  we? 
wonid1  to  take  in  pe  timis  of  his  predecessours,  p>at  is  to  sei,  j. 
gilden  or  twei 4  shillings  yerli,  in  pe  feste  of  seint  Mihel,  to  be 
paid1  to  hem,  sauinge  to  him  &  to  his  successours  pe  ryht  pat  24 
longyth  to  pe  bisshoppe 5. 

[152.]  *A  fynatt  acorde  I-made  bitwene  William  Bluet 
and  felice  Abbesse  of  Godestowe  for  the  avowry  of 
the  chirch  of  dalyngworth. 


Quit-claim        THE  sentence  is  p&t  a  fynal  acorde  was  I-made,  in  the  kynges 
to  Godstow,  courte  at  westmynst<?r,  fro  the  day  of  Ester  into  a  monthe,  the 


1  In  error.     The  Latin  has  '  Mauger.' 

2  In  error.     The  Latin  has  '  Roger,  of 
good   memory,    formerly  bishop   of  Wor- 
cester.' 

3  Read  '  had  as.' 


*  The  figures  '  ii.'  are  written  over  the 
word. 

5  Witness :  W.  de  Verdun,  archdeacon 
of  Gloucester. 


Gloucestershire  :  Daglyngworth  133 

ix  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  henry  the  sone  of  kyng1  lohn,  afore   by  William 
martyn)  of  patishift,   *Thomas   of  Muleton),  Thomas   Heydofi),   f^f  153 
Robert  Lexynton),  Geffrey  Sauuage,  and  other  trew  men  of  the 

4  kyngis  there  at  that   tyme   beyng1   present,  bitwene   William  of  all  title 
Bluet1,  axer,  and  Felice,  Abbesse  of  Godestowe,  deforce?,  by  advowson, 
Absolon),  Chapeleyn),  I-put  in  her  stede  to  gete  or  to  lese,  of  the 
Avowrye  of  the  chirch  of  Dalyngworth,  wherof  hit  was  I-pleycT 

8  bitwene  ]?em  in  the  same  Courte  :  that  is  to  sey,  that  the  forsaicT 
William  [knowliched]  the  avowry  of  the  said1  chircn  to  be  the 
right  to  the  same  Abbesse  and  to  ther  chirch  of  Godestowe,  and 
relesecf  hit,  and  quyte-claymed1,  of  hym  and  of  his  heires,  to  the 
1  2  same  abbesse  and  abbessis  the  whicfi  shold1  succede  to  her,  and  to  in  con- 
her  chirch  of  Godestowe  for  ever.  And  for  this  recognycion),  of  mention 


relese,    quyte-clayme,    fyne,   and    acorde,    the    same   Abbesse  in 

resceivecT  the  same  William  and  his  heires  in  aft  benefetis  and 

16  prayers  that  shold1  be  do  afterward?  in  the  chirche  of  Godestowe. 

[153.     Presentation  by  Godstow  to  the  rectory  of 
Daglingworth.] 

*Reuerendo  in  christo  patri  et  domino  domino  Siluestro  dei  *  leaf  223. 
gracia  "Wigorniensi  episcopo,    eius'ue  vicario  in  spiritualibus   May  25. 

general!,    vestre   humiles    et   denote   in   christo  filie,    Isabella  Better  by 
T>  •     •  v    .  ..   t  ....      Godstow.to 

20  Joraynton,  permissione  dmina  monasterij  beaie  marie  virgims   Silvester 


et  sancti  iohannis  baptiste  de  godstow  abbatissa,  et  eiusdem 

loci  conventus  ordinis  gancti  benedicti   lincolniensis   diocesis,  Worcester 
omnimodas  obediencias  et  reuerencias  tanto  patri  debitas  cum 

24  honore.      Ad   rectoriam   ecclesie   parochialis   sancti    iacobi  de  intimating 

.....  ..  vacancy  of 

daglyngworthe  dicte  Wigorniensis   diocesis,  per   resignacionem  the  rectory 

Magistri  Iohannis  Wilcokes  vltimi  rectoris  eiusdem  vacantem,  Of  j0ehnu 

et    ad   nostram   presentacionem    pleno   iure   spectantem    cum  WUcokes, 

28  omnibus  suis  iuribus  et  pertinenciis  vniuersis,  Salua  nobis  annua  claiming 

.         ,.  .  v,  .    ,  the  yearly 

pensione  vnius  bizancie  vel  duorum   solidorum  imra  octauas  pension 


natiuitatis  sancti  iohannis  baptiste,  nomine  predicte  ecclesie  de 
Daglyngworth,  apud  Godstow  predictaw  per  rectorem  soluendo-  and  also 
32  rum,  ac  eciam  pensione  quadam  annua  cuidam  Magistro  thome 
heywode    in    decretis    bacallario   quondamque    rectori   ibidem, 

.        .  .  .  Heywode, 

videlicet,  quadraginta   solidorum   ad   duos   amn    terminos  per  Decret. 

Bacc.  ,  a 
1  See  no.  148.  a  '  vestro  '  is  written  over  '  eiu^'  as  a  correction. 


134 


Gloucestershire :  Daglyngworth 


former 
rector, 


eundem    rectorem    predicto    Magistro    heywode   soluendorum, 
videlicet  ad  festa  annunciacionis  beate  marie  virginis  et  sancti 
michaelis  archangeli  per   equales   porciones,  omnimodo    salua, 
andpre-        Dilectum  nobis  in  christo  Dominurn  I.  A.  Capellanum  vestre  4 
JohnA.  for  reuerende  paternitati  intuitu  caritatis  presentamus  Supplicantes 
institution.   humiliter  et  deuote  quatenus  predictum  Dominum  lohannem 
ad  rectoriam  ecclesie  parochialis  de  Daglyngworth  sepedictcw 
admittere  velitis  ipsumque  rectorem  in  eadem  canonice  instituere  8 
dignemini  graciose  Ceteraque  peragere  et  facere  que  vestro  in 
hac  parte  incumbunt  officio  pastorali.     Datum  in  domo  nostra 
capitulari  sub  sigillo  nostro  communi  xxv  die  mensis  maij  Anno 
domini  MoCCCCCo  ix°.  12 

[Leaf  223,  back,  is  blank.] 


*leaf 
XXVI  or 
37.  About 
1155. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Ralph 
Bloet,  of 
the  advow- 
son  of  the 
church. 
*  leaf 
XXVI  or 
37,  back. 

About 
1155. 


Intimation 
to  John 
Pagham, 
bishop  of 
Worcester 
(1151-1157), 
of  the  gift 
of  the 
advowson 
to  G-odstow. 


[DUNTISBOBNE.] 

[154.]     *Chartur  of  Raph  bloet  for  fe  church  of 
dantesburne. 

THE  sentence  of  f  is  chartur  is,  fat  .Raph  bloet  gaf,  &  graunticT, 
to  god1  &  to  ou?  ladi  &  to  seint  lohn  baptiste  &  to  f  e  churche  of 
Godestowe  &  to  f  e  holi  minchons  fere  seruinge  god1,  he?  churche 
of  dantesburne,  with  all  his  pertinens,  in-to  perpetuel  almis,  for  16 
f  e  helf  e  of  his  sowle  &  of  his  pre*decessours,  freli  &  quietli  fro 
aft  secular  seruice :  &  is  we't/i-oute  date  \ 

[155.]  Chartur  of  Raph  bloet,  of  his  modur,  &  brethryne, 
to  lohn  bisshoppe  of  wicetur  for  f  e  monasteri  of 
Dancesburne 2. 

THE  sentence  of  f  is  chartur  is,  fat  Kaph  bloet,  his  modur,  & 
bref  yrn,  willid?  to  be  knowe  to  lohn,  bis&hoppe  of  wyrcetur,  &  20 
to  his  archedecuns  &  denis,  fat  f ei  had1  grauntid1  f e  monasterij 
of  Dantesburne s,  to  god1  &  to  ou?  ladi  &  to  seint  lohn  &  to  f  e 
couent  of  Godestowe,  in-to  perpetuel  almis,  f  e  whiche  monasteri 
was  of  his  patronage  &  of  his  fee :  furf  ermore  f  ei  pmeoT  for  f  e  24 
loue  of  god1  fat  f0  fore-seide  bisshoppe  archedecuns  &  denis 


1  Witnesses:  Matthew,  archdeacon  of 
Gloucester  (died  1177),  Robert  of  Meisi, 
&c.,  and  the  chapter  of  Cirencester  (Scir- 
incestrie). 

3  In  the  Latin  (Exchequer  MS.)  '  Dag- 


ling  worth  '   in   the   rubric,    but   '  Dantes- 
burne '  in  the  text. 

3  'monasteriumdeDantesburne.'  Mona- 
steri um  =  church. 


Gloucestershire  :  Dantesburne  135 

wold1  graunt  f  is,  &  commauncT  to  seysoime  hem  in  hit,  for  f  e  [Nun's 
fore-namid?  Raph  &  his  brethirn  sette  fere  he?  sistur1  to  serue 
god1  &  seint  lohn  :  &  is  wzt^-oute  date. 

[FRAMPTON  ON  SEVERN.] 

[156.]     *Chaunter  l  of  waiter  Clifford?  of  Framton  for     *  leaf  XL  or 
f  e  mille  fere  &  a  litil  mede. 


4      THE  sentence  of  f  is  euidence  is,  fat  waiter  Clifford1  grauntid1  Grant  to 
&  gafe,  for  fe  helfe  of  his  sowle  &  for  f  e  sowlis  of  his  wife  by  WaiTer 
Margaret  Clifford1  &  of  his  dowhter  Rosamunde  &  of  er  frendis  & 
predecessours,  to  f  e  churche  of  Godestowe  &  to  f  e  minchons  f  e?   1190),  in 
8  seruinge  god1,  his  mille  of  framton  with  alt  his  pertinences,  &  [a] 
litil  mede  2  Hinge  vndur  f  e  mille,  fat  is  callid  lechtun,  in-to  pui1 
&  perpetuel  almis,  freli  &  quietli  fro  alt  exaccion  &  demaunde,   anddaugh- 
sauinge  f  e  griste  of  his  owne  howsholde  the  which  sholde  be  mond  (died 

12  quiet  to  him  &  to  his  heiris  of  fe  tolne;  &  of3  his  salte  in   ^°^6^ 
Whiche  with  alt  f  e  pertinences,  he  grauntid1  &  gafe  also,  in-to  pu?  (but  ex- 
&  perpetuel  almis,  perpetuelli  to  be  holde,  as  freli  &  quietli  as 
euer  he  helde  hit  whenne  *f  at  he  helde  hit  beste.     This  gifte 

1  6  made  he,  with  fe  consent  &  assent  of  fe  kinge  &  his  heiris  :  &  a  meadow, 
waiter  Clifford1  f  e  yungu?,  f  e  sone  &  heire  of  waiter  Clifford?  firmationof 
a-fore-seide  fe  whiche  made  f  is  gifte,  grauntid1  hit  euin  as  his  *ke  salt-pit 
fadur  grauntid1  &  gaf  hit.     Also  he  confirmid1  hit  wiih  his  seele   (no.  199). 

20  for  euir  :  &  is  wzt^-oute  date.  **e    XLI 

[157.]     Chartur  of  waiter  Clifford?  for  fe  About  1180. 
mille  of  framton  euin  be.  same  fat 

is  a-fore.  donor's  son,  of  no.  156. 

[158.]     Chartur  of  "Richard  Clifford?  for  fe  mille  of        About 
framton. 

THE  sentence  of  fis  chartur  is,  fatKic^aro7  Clifford1  grauntid1,  Confirma- 
&  confirmid1,  to  god1  &  to  f  e  howse  of  Godestowe  &  to  f  e  holi 


minchons  fere  seruinge  god1,  fe  mille  of  framton  with  alt  his  by  Richard 
24  pertinences,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almis.     Furfermore  he  gaf  &  lord  of 

1  A  slip   for    *  charter.'       Printed    in  3  Omit  '  of.'     '  Et  eciam  salinam  meam 

Monast.  iv.  366.  in  Wichia.' 

2  '  quoddam  pratellum.' 


136 


Gloucestershire :   Framton 


Frampton,  graunticT  to  hem,  in- to  encresinge  of  his  fadurs  gifte,  fe  tolne  of 

seconcTson,  fe  griste  of  his  lordeship  &  howse-holde  of  framton  of  all  cornis, 

of  no.  156,  noiii  &  fujjj   fre  &  quj{.  fro  aft  customs  &  exaccion  secule?:  & 

and.  grant 

of  the  toll  fat  his  gifte  ancTgraunt  miht  be  sure,  he  set  to  his  seele  :  and  4 

(exempted  .,  r  -,    , 

in  no.  156).  is  wttA-owte  date. 


About 
1195. 

Duplicate 
of  no.  158. 

1228. 


Pope  Gre- 
gory IX's 
commis- 
sioners, in 
the  suit 
made  hy 
the  vicar  of 
Frampton, 


appointed 
1228,  6th 
April, 


exempt 
Godstow 
from  pay- 
ing tithes 
of  Framp- 
ton mill, 


by  a  papal 
privilege. 


[159.]    Anofer  acordinge  to  fe  same,  almoste  worde 
for  worde. 

[160.]     Ageiniste  J?e  vicari  of  framton  for  ]>e  tithis  of 
J?e  mille  fere. 

THE   sentence  of   fis  euidence  is,  fat  pope  Gregori  sende 
a  delegaci  to  f  e  priores  of  lanton  &  of  seint  Oswalde,  &  to  fe 
dene  of   Gloucetu?,   of  worcetu?  diocese,  fat   fei   sholde   here  8 
Stephin,  vicari  of  Framton,  plaine,  &  f  e  abbas,    defendaunt, 
vppoft  tithis  &  of  er  thinges  fat  ]) e  seide  abbas  &  of  er  wrongin 
him ;  also  ende  hit  lawfulli,  aftur  fat  fei  haue  knowe  f  e  cause 
bitwene  hem,  appele  sette  a-side ;  &  fat  Ipai,  f>ei  decreid?  fat  f ei  1 2 
make  hit  sureli  to  be  kept :  witnes  fat  bin  callicT  &  namicT,  if 
fei   withdrawe  hem  for  fauor  drede   or  hateracT,  fat   fei  be 
constreinid?  bi  f  e  censure  of  f  e  churche,  appele  cesinge,  to  sei  f  e 
trewthe :  &  if  fei  alt  miht  not  be  at  f  e  doinge  of  f  is,  at  f  e  leste  16 
yet  tweine  sholde  execute  f  is  maundement :  the  date  at  rome, 
at  Seint  petu?,  fe  viij  idus  of  aprille,  f  e  secunde  yere  of  his 
popehode.     fe  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  fe  couent  I-callicT  a-fore 
hem  bi  the  autorite  of  fis  maundement,  whenne  fat  f  e  seide  20 
vicare  askid1  f  e  tithis  of  f  e  mille  of  framton  bi  f  e  commune 
lawe  in  f  e  name  of  f  e  church  of  framton  a-fore  hem  of  f  e  fore- 
seide  abbas  &  couent  fat  fei  sholde  be  assinicFto  him  ;  f  e  contrari 
parte  seide  ageine,  fat  fei  were  wrongefulli  vexicTvppon  fese  24 
f  inges,for  asmuche  as  fei  were  I-prmilegicTspecialli  of  f  e  pope  fat 
fei  sholde  pai  no  tithis  of  here  millis.     Thus  aft  finges  lawfulli 
I-do,  aftur  fei  hacFsei  f  e  tenowre  of  f  e  foreseide  pn'uileges,  &  con- 
sidericTfat  fei  were  wrongfulli  I-calli6T&  vexid1  bi  lawe  ageiniste  28 
here  prmileges  for  to  pai  f  e  tithis  of  here  millis,  &  fat  fei  we? 
exempte  bi  the  auctorite  of  fe  pope,  fei  assoilid1  hem  fro  fe  fore- 
seide impeticion  for  cause  of  he?  prmilege  &  bi  f  e  councell  of 
wise  men ;  &  put  f  e  vicari  afore-seide,  fat  vexid?  hem  for  f  e  fore-  32 
seide  tithis,  to  silence :  &  in-to  witnes  of  fis  fei  put  to  here  seelis. 


Gloucestershire  :  Framton  137 

[161.    Title  absent.]  1304, 

July  20. 

THE  sentence  of  f>is  endenture  is,  ]?at  £>e  xxxij.  yere  of  f>e  reine  Grant  by 
of  kinge  Edwarde,  vppon  seint  margaretes  dai  virgin,  hit  was  ow' 

a-cordid1  *bitwene  J?e  religius  ladiis,  dame  AH}  Gorges,  bi  f>e   *leafXLI 
4  grace  of  god1  abbas  of  Godestowe,  &  J?e  couent  of  f  e  same  place  back.* 
of  Ipe  on  parte,  &  william  of  Framton,  I-callicT  carpinter,  of  Ipe  to  William, 
olper  :  f>at  is  to  sei,  j?at  J>e  fore-seide  abbas  &  couent  gaf  grauntid1  and  his    ' 


&  toke  to  f>e  seide  william  &  to  his  heiris  here  mille  of  framton, 
8  with  alt  his  pertinences,  seutis,  &  liberteis,  to  be  had1  &  to  be 
holde,  to  him  &  to  his  heiris,  freli  quietli  &  for  riht  heritage   Quit-rent, 
for  euer,  of  f>e  chife  lordis  of   J>e  fee,  doinge  to  hem  seruices  3<>s-yeary, 
dewe  Iperof  &  I-wonid1,  painge  J»erof  yerli  to  £>e  seide  religius 

12  ladijs  xxx.  shillings  of  siluer,  }?at  is  to  sei,  at  candelmasse,  xv. 
shillings,  &  at  midsomwr,  xv.  shillings,  for  aft  seruices  &  seculer 
demaundis  :  &  J?e  fore-seide  religius  abbas  &  couent  waranti^ect1 
&  defendicT  to  )?e  fore-seide  william  &  to  his  heiris  or  assinis  j?e 

16  fore-seide  mille  with  alt  his  pertinence  bi  J?e  fore-seid?  seruices  Obligation 
of  xxx.  shillings:  &  if  hit  happinde  Ipat  f>e  fore-seide  william 


cese  in  his  paiment,  in  alt  or  in  parte,  or  J?at   )?e  fore-seide  to  rebuild, 
mille  be  drownid1,  brennid1,  or  distruid1  bi  defaute  of  amendinge   by  flood  or 

30  to  be  do  here-aftur  in  oni  wise,  he  bounde  himselfe  his  heiris   Lj^ilit   ^ 
&  alt  his  londis  &  tenements  f>at  he  had1  or  miht  haue  in  J?e  distraint. 
towne  of  framton  &  in  alt  of>er  places  in  f>e  shire  of  Glowcetw 
&  also  in  all  )?e  sheres  of  Inglonde  to  f>e   distressinge   of  fe 

24  attornei  of  J>e  seide  religius  women  abbas  &  couent  Ipat  he  miht 
distresse  &  kepe  the  distressis  or  sille  hem  also  ofte  as  hit  is 
cesid1  in  J?e  paiment  of  J>e  seide  rent,  &  J>at  )?e  fore-seide  attornei 
(f»e  wiche  Ipat  ]>e  seide  religius  women  sende  or  make  attornei  bi 

28  he?  opin  writinges)  haue  of  J>e  goodis  of  J>e  seide  william  for 
euiri  distreininge  I-made  j  halfe  marke  for  he?  harmis  & 
expenses.  In-to  witnes  of  f>is,  J>ei  put  to  f>is  writinge  endentid1 
he?  seelis,  euirich  a-geiniste  olper  :  &  is  wiih-oute  date. 

[162.]     Composicion  I-made  bitwene  Robert  flt^pagane  1312, 
lorde   of  framton   &  ]>e  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  fe  AJ?ril4- 
couent  for  xxx.  shillings  of  yerli  rente. 

32      THE  sentence  of  J>is  composicion  is  f>is,   f>at   how  william   Confirma- 
I-callid1  carpinter,  of  f>e  towne  of  framton,  gaf  to  Robert  fitj   Godstow,  of 


138 


Gloucestershire :  Framton 


the  quit- 
rent  (as  in 
no.  161),  by 
Robert  son 
of  Pain, 
lord  of 
Frampton, 
on  his  ac- 
quiring the 
mill  from 
William, 
carpenter. 

Powers  of 
distraint. 


pagane  lorde  of  J>e  same  towne,  &  confirmicTbi  his  chartur  of 
feffinge,  j  watwr  mille,  wiih  Ipe  ponde,  close,  &  pasture  Hinge 
Iper-io,  &  with  J>e  seute  of  grindinge,  &  alt  ofyer  pertinences,  in 
)?e  fore-seide  towne,  to  be  had1  &  to  be  holde,  to  him  &  to  his  4 
heiris  or  assinis  as  hit  is  fulli  contined1  in  his  fore-seide  chartur, 
for  Ipe  whiche  mille  J?e  same  william  a-fore  was  wonid1  to  pai  to 
f>e  ladi  abbas  and  couent  of  Godestowe,  he  willicf  to  be  knowe 
Ipat  he  was  I-bounde  bi  f>is  present  writinge  for  him-selfe  &  for  8 
his  heiris  alt  his  maner  of  framtow,  wiih  his  mille  Iperwiih  a-fore- 
seide,  to  pai  f>e  xxx.  shillings  a-fore-seide  of  yerli  rent *  to  Ipe  fore- 
seide  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  to  J?e  couent  of  fe  same  place  fro 
ye?  in-to  yere,  &  for  to  kepe  f>e  fore-seide  william  harmeles  he?-  i  a 
aftwr  for  euir  fro  aft  hurtes  distreiniriges  or  greuis  j?erof.  In-to 
witnes  here-of  his  seele  was  hangicFto  pis  writinge.  The  date 
at  wode  Eton,  J>e  iiij.  dai  of  apHle,  pe  v.  ye?  of  Ipe  reine  of  kinge 
Edwarde  fe  sone  of  kinge  Edwarde.  16 


*  leaf  57, 
back.    A.D. 

Chfnt  to 
Godstow,  by 


of  Exeter(ii38- 
55),  of  a  pen- 
sion of  £i  out 
of  St.  Mary  le 
Crypt. 


1289, 
Oct.  8. 
[Faith  = 
Oct.  6.] 
Decision 
binding  the 


[GLOUCESTER  CITY.] 

[i.  Deeds  referring  to  a  pension2  out  of  St.  Mary 
le  Crypt  church.] 

[163.]     *A  evidence  of  xl  shillings  of  rent  in  Glouceter. 


sentence  of  this  euidence  is,  J?at  Robert,  by  the  grace 
of  God  bysshop  of  exetur,  jaf  &  grauntid  to  f>e  holy  mynchons 
of  Godestow  xl.  shillings  irD-to  perpetuel  almys  Jjerly,  f>at  is 
to  say,  in  owre  lady  church  of  Gloucetwr  xx.  shillings,  and  20 
in  the  church  of  faryndon  xx  shillings.  These  beyng1  wytnys 
Stephyn,  kynge  of  Inglonde;  Theobald,  Archebysshop  of 
Caunterbyry,  &  mony  other.  And  is  wet^-owte  [date]. 

[164.]    A  pension  of  Seynt  mary  chirch  of  Glouceter. 

THE  sentence  of  this  wrytyng  [is],  f-at  in  f>e  church  of  seynte  24 
Nicholas  of  glowcetwr,  the  satyrday  next  after  J?e  feste  of  seynte 
Fyde  vzrgine,  The  jere  of  owre  lorde  a  thowsande  two  hundred 


1  At  the  dissolution,  1540,  Godstow  wag  2  This  pension  was  still  paid  to  Godstow 

still    receiving    £i    los.    from    Frampton       at  the  dissolution,  1540  (Monast.  iv.  375). 
mills. 


Gloucestershire:  Gloucetur  139 

fowre  score  And  nyne,  A-fore  f  e  official  of  wyrcetwr,  whas   parson  of 
a  sentence  diffinityf  I-^ef,  by-twene  thabbesse  and  here  Couent 


of  f  e  oon  parte  &  syre  Gregorye,  person  of  seynte  marye  towarde   to  Pay 
4  fe  sowth  of  Gloucetwr,  fat  fe  same  gregorye  &  euerych  &  alle   pension  of 
his  successoures  fat  fore  Ipe  tyme  helde  f  e  sayde  church  were 


I-bounde  euery  jere  to  f  e  payment  of  the  sayde  jerly  pension  ; 

&  also  ofte  as  fey  cesyd,  fey  to  be  compellyd  to  fat  payment 
8  by  censure  of  fe  church.  And  *to  do  this  fe  seyde  gregorye,  *  leaf  58. 

person  of  f  e  sayde  church,  agreyng1  to  f  e  fore-sayde  sentence   n^)1^6, 

diffinitif,  leyng1  &  takyngi  the  holy  gospelys  in  his1  handis, 

made  a  bodely  vowe  fat  he  wolde  pay  the  foresayde  pension 
12  witA-owte  oony  dilacion  to  thabbesse  &  couente  of  Godestow 

or  to  here  procutowrs  in  the  feste  of  seynte  myjhel,  Also  longe 

as  he  leuyd  &  had  fat  churcti. 

[2.  Grant  by  Robert  of  Everci.] 

[165.]     *A  charter  of  Robert  Euersy  of  j  tofte  of  Boddis  Heaf  XLV 
and  a  mansion  to  Godestowe.  back/ 

About 
THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  fat  robert  euersy,  by  the   1180. 

16.  [consent]  of  agas  his  wyfe  &  of  his  eyeris,  jaf  &  grauntyd  his   Gk>dstow, 
toft  *  of  roddys,  fat  whas  of  turstane,  Archedekun  of  glowcetw, 


&  A  mansure  or  dwellyng1  place  fat  whas  of  robert  Oisun,  to  of  land  out- 
god   &c.    &   to   f  e   holy   mynchons   there   seruyng   god,   in-to  house  in- 
ao  perpetuel  almys,  for  fe  helth  of  his  sowle  &c.,  frely  &  quietly. 
The[se]  beynge  wytnys  &  cetera. 

[166.]     A  Charter  of  f  e  przour  of  seynt  Oswaldes  of        About 
Gloucester  of  ij  shillings  &  j  ti  of  comyn). 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  fat  wylliam,  by  the  mercy  Perpetual 
of  god  prior  of  seynt  oswalde  of  glowcetw,  &  his  successouris  3,  Qodstow,  to 
24  &  his  couent,  oft  to  pay  ;erly,  to  thabbesse  of  Godestow  &  to  St.  Oswald's 

Priory,  of 

here  couent  of  the  same  place,  for  the  londe  wzt^-owte  Eluen-  no.  165, 
gate  of  Gloucetwr,  the  wyche  robert  of  euersy  jaf  to  f  e  church 


of  Godestow,  the  which  he  helde  of  the  sayde  mynchons  by  subject  to 
28  charter,  ij.  shillings  of  sterlynges  &  j  tj.  of  comyn  at  fe  feste  Of2«.  and 

1  MS.  '  his  his.'  3  This  quit-rent  seems  lost  before  the 

2  Latin  '  virgultum.'  dissolution. 


140 


Gloucestershire :   Gloucetur 


a  lb.  of  of  seynte  biliary,  &  to  fe  kyng1  iiij.  [shillings  of]  sterlynges  for 

Jan"??  to  a^e  seruice,  exaccion  &  demaunde.     In-to  wytnys  of  the  which, 

and  of"*'  ^e  3a^°  tne  say^e  niynchons  this  present  charter  I-maade  sure  by 

to  the  king,  the  impreyntyng1  of  his  [seele].     These  beyng1  wytnys  &  cetera.   4 


*leaf 
XL VI  or 
56,  back. 
About 
1200. 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Lau- 
rence son  of 
Richard,  of 
land  near 
St.  Nicholas 
church. 


[3.  Land  acquired  from  Laurence,  son  of  Richard.] 

[167.]     A  charter  of  laurence  fit}  Richard?  of  his  loncT 
in  G-louceter. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  fat  laurence  n^t  Richarde 
fit}  lordan  of  Glowcetwr,  in  the  wey  of  charite  &  for  the  helth 
of  his  sowle  &c.,  3af,  graunted  &c.,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys, 
all  fat  londe  fat  his  fadur  Richarde  fiijt  lordan  boujght  of  raph  8 
pynel,  the  which  lyeth  by-twene   the   londe  summe  tyme  of 
thomas  plecche  &  wyllyam  hoyen,  in  f  e  grete  strete  afore  the 
churche  of  seynte  nycholas,  to  be  holde  and  to  be  had,  welle 
and    in    pece,    Worschip fully   frely    quietly    fro    aft    seculer  12 
custome  &  exaccion ;  And  f  e  foresayde  laurence  fi}t  Richarde 
fi}t   iordan    &   his   eyeris    warantijed    to    fe    foresayde    holy 
mynchons  the  foresayde  londe  Agaynste  alle  men  &  women, 
&  Aquited  the  langabul :    f  ese  beynge  &c.     And  is  wtt^-owte  16 
date. 


About 
1200. 


Grant  by 
Godstow,  to 
Laurence 
son  of 
Richard, 


of  no.  1 68, 


quit-rent, 
5*.  on 
Jan.  13, 


[168.]     lulian  abbesse  of  Godstow  graunted?  to  laurence 
fltz  BicharoT,  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  euidence  is,  fat  lulian,  by  the  grace 
of  god  abbesse  of  Godestow,  &  alle  here  couent,  }af  &  grauntyd 
&  wi'tA,  j?ere  charter  confermyd  to  laurence  fijt  Richarde  fijt  20 
lordan,  for  his  homage  &  seruice,  ]?ere  londe  fat  j?ey  had  in 
lpe  town  of  Glowcetwr  J?e  which  RicAard  fijt  Jordan  fadur  of 
the   foresayde  laurence  bought  of  Ranulph  pynel,  the   which 
lyeth   by-twene   f>e   londe    summetyme    of    thomas   plecch   &  24 
wylliam  hoyen  in  the  grete  strete  a-fore  the  church  of  seynte 
Nicholas,  to  be  holde  &  to  be  for  ryjht  heritage,  welle  &  in 
peece,  frely  &  quietly,   payyng1  Iperof  jerly  to  here  &  to  here 
successoures   v   shillings   of  syluer  for  aft  seruice  &   custome  28 
longyng-  to  them,  \> at  is  to  say,  at  fe  feste  of  seynte  hillary. 
These  beyng1  wytnys  &  is  wtt^-owte  date. 


Gloucestershire:   Gloucetur  141 


[4.  Lands  acquired  from  Walter,  the  writer.] 

[169.]     *A   Charter   of   Richard?  Ticedwett   made  vnto  *ieaf 
Walter  Scriptor,  writer  of  the  abbey  of  Gloucester,   or  54. 


of  vj.  acris  lond  and  iij  acris  mede. 

THE  sentence  of  J?is  chartur  is,  Ipat  Richard1  Ticedwelt  gaf,   Sale  to 
graunticT,   &    confirmid1  with  his  writinge,  to  waiter   scriptor 


oferwise  writer  of  Ipe  abbei  of  Gloucetur,  vj.  acris  of  arable  Richard 

4  londe  &  iij.  acris  of  mede,  of  his  londe   J?e  whiche  he  hilde  of  4  acres' 

of  f»e  abbot  &  couent  of  Gloucetur:    Ipat  is  to  sei,  iiij.  acris  °    an  ' 

of  arable  londe  towarde  J?e  kinges  halt,  J?e  whiche  turnin  *  to  [The  King's 

be  kinges  hi  wei,  be   whech  Gladewine  fuller   hilde  of  him;  Ha!LJ 

Y     ,        ^    ,  '   Y  .  .  and  2  acres 

8  &  ij.  acris   at  longeforde,  tho  tweine,  Ipat  is  to  sei,  f>at  lien  of  land, 

bitwene  f>e  londe  \>at  waiter  Grute  hilde  of  him  &  f>e  londe 

of  Raph  auenel;    &  ij.  acris  of  mede  in  waltham,  tho  tweine,  and  2  acres 

}>at  is  to  sei,  )?at  lien  bitwene  )?e  kinges  mede  &  })  e  abbottes  of  meadow> 

1  2  mede  of  Gloucetur,  &  j   acre  of  mede   in  londemede  :    to   be  and  i  acre 

holde  &  to  be  had?  ait  J?o  acris  a-fore  namicT,  of  him  &  of  his  °  °w> 

heiris,  to  him  &   to  his  heiris  for  euer,  for  xij  cT  yerli  to  be 

paide  to  him   &  to  his  heiris  in  too  termis,  half  at  estur  &  quit-rent, 

1  6  half  at  mihelmas  :  &  Hichard  &  his  heiris  waran^id?  to  J>e 
fore-seide  waiter  &  to  his  heiris  &  to  whoni-so-euir  he  wolle 
aftur  him  of  J?e  fore-seide  acris  ageiniste  alt  men,  bi  J>e  fore- 
seide  seruice  I-do,  acq*uticT  of  alt  seruices  &  seculer  demaundis. 

20  For  this  gifte  &  graunte,   f>e  fore-namicT  walte?   gaf  to   hkn  Purchase- 

a-fore-handis  x.  marke  of  sillier  to  acquite  him  of  }?e  luis  of  £6^4^. 

Gloucetwr.     And  for  as  muche  Ipat  he  wolde  fat  hit  sholde  Pebtto 

be  sure,  he  confirmide  hit  witft  f>e  impression  of  his  seele  :  and  Gloucester.] 

24  is  witA-oute  date. 

[170.]     *  A  charter  of  Walter  Scriptor  Writer  of  vj.  acris  *  leaf 

of  arable  lond?  &  iij.  acris  of  mede.  55.  About 

1210. 

THE  sentence  of  this  writyng1  is,  Ipat  water  scn'ptor  or  wryter  Qrant  to 


5af  graun[tyd]  &  ccwfermyd  by  his  charter  &c.,  as  a-bove,  syxe 
acris  of  Arable  loude  &  thre  acris  of  mede,  the  which  he  helde  the  writer,' 
28  by  heritage  of  Richarde  of  tycedewelle,  Ipat  is  to  say,  fowre  ° 
1  Form  for  plural:  cp.  142/1,  143/22. 


142 


Gloucestershire:   Gloucetur 


*  leaf 


1210. 


Godstow, 


superk)?  of 

the  gift  as 
>§  I7°' 


quit-rent, 
IS- 


*  leaf 


About 
1210. 

duniifateof 
no.  171,  the 


tion  to 
Godstow, 
*  leaf 
XLIIII 

back.' 


acris  of  arable  londe  the  which  turnyn  vppon  the  kyngys  hye 
wey  to  be  kynges  halle  of  glowcetwr,  &  twey  acris  of  arable 
londe  :  &  so  forth,  as  his  corateynyd  be-fore  I-wryte. 

L1^!.]     A  Charter  of  Richard1  Ticede  Welle  of  vj  acris 

lond?  and  iij  acris  of  mede' 

THE  sentence  of  thys  charter  is  Ipai  Richarde  Ticedewelle  4 
grauntyd,  &  by  thys  present  charter  cowfermyd,  to  god  &  to 
the   churche   of  owre   lady   seynte   marye   &   of  seynte  lohn 
baptiste   of   Godestow   &   to  }>Q  mynchons  J?ere  seruyng1  god, 
for  tne   nelth   °f  his   80wle   &   °f  alle  his  auncetwrsJ  syxe  acres  8 

Of  arable  londe  &  thre  acris  of  mede  :    fat  is  for  to  say,  fowre 
acris  of  arable  londe  by  the  kynges  hye  wey  towarde  the  kynges 
halle  of  gloucetw  ;  &  twey  acris  of  arable  londe  at  longeforde} 
the  whicfc  lyen  by-twen  the  londe  of  raph  Auenel  &  the  londe  12 
fat  water   grute  helde;    &  twey  acres  of  mede  \n  Walham; 
&  oon  acre  in  Londemede,  the  which  acris  aft  water  scriptor 
ah'as  wryter  helde  as  eyere  of  me.     Aft  these  acres  he  grauntid 
&  confermyd,  to  be  holde  &  held  of  hym  &  of  his  eyeris,  frely  16 
&  quietly  for   euer,   in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  for  xij.  cT 
jerly  to  be  payid  to  hym  &  to  his  eyeris  for  aft  sendees  & 
seculer  demaundis,  in  two  termys,  halfe  at  J>e  annunciaciun 
of  owre  lady  &  halfe  at  my^helmasse.     And  Richarde  &  his  20 
eyeres  warantijed  to  fe  sayde  howse  of  Godestow  aft  fe  fore- 
sayde  agaynste  aft  men.     And  to  make  hit  sure,  he  ccmfermyd 
thys  wrytyng  by  f>e  settyng1  to  of  his  seele. 

[172.]  *A  Charter  of  Richard?  Ticedewett  made  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestow  of  vj  acres  lond?  &  iij  of 
mede. 

THE  sentence  of  YIS   chartur   is,    Ipai  Richarc?  Ticedewelle  24 
grauntid1,  &  confirmid1  bi  his  writinge,  to  god  &  to  j?e  churche 
of  ou?  ladi  &  of  seint  lohn  Baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  }?e 
mincnons  fer  seruinge  god1,  for  fe   helfe  of  his  soule   &  of 

all   his   aunceturs,   vj    acris  of  arable   londe   &  iij.  of  mede  :  28 
.  .....  .        „          111       ii«-i       i  •  i_  •          • 

f8'*  1S  ^°  Bel)  inJ   acris  °^  arable  londe   bi  pe  kinges  hi  wei 

towarde   fe   kinges  haft   of    Gloucetwr,    &   ij    acris  of   *  the 
whiche  gladewyne  fuller  helde  of  hym  ;  &  twey  acris  at  lonke- 


Gloucestershire:  Gloucetur  143 

forde,  fo,  \>ai  is  for  to  say,  fat  lyen  by-twene  fe  londe  fat 
water  grute  helde  of  hym  &  f  e  londe  of  raph  auenel  ;  &  twey 
acris  of  mede  in  Walham,  tho,  fat  is  for  to  say,  the  whicfi 

4  lyen  by-twen  f  e  kynges  mede  &  f  abbot  of  glowcetwrs  mede  ; 
&  oon  acre  of  mede  in  londemede  :  to  be  holde  &  to  be  had 
of  hym  &  of  his  eyeris  for  euer,  for  xij  6T  jerly  to  be  payid 
to  hym  &  to  his  eyeres  in  too  termis,  halfe  at  estur  &  halfe 

8  at  myhelmasse.  And  the  sayde  richarde  &  his  eyeris  waranti3ed 
to  fe  foresayde  water  &  to  alle  his  eyeris,  agaynste  aft  men;  and  then 
&  aquited  hym  of  aft  seruices  &  wordely  demaundis.  For 
fys  jyfte  &  graunte,  fe  fore-namyd  water  jaf  to  hym  be-fore 
i  a  handys  x.  marke  of  syluer  to  quite  hym  of  the  luys  of  gloucetwr. 
The  whycn  for-asmuch  ]>at  he  wolde  haue  hit  sure,  he  confermyd 
hit  by  settyng1  of  his  seele.  Wytnyssys  mony  beyng  present. 

[173.]     A  charter  of  William  Cherchedeii)  and  Edith        About 
his  wyf  [of]  vj  acris  lond1  &  iij  of  mede.  1210' 

THE   sentence  of  this  charter  is  fat  wylliam  cherchesdon,    Confirma- 
16  with  thassent  &  wylle  of  edithe  his  wyfe  &  of  his  dowghter   Godstow 


&  of  Richarde  ticedewelle  his  eyere,  conformed  to  god  &  to 
Ipe  churche  of  owre  lady  seynte  marye  &  of  seynt  lohn  baptiste  wells  heirs, 
&  to  J?e  mynchons  of  Godestow  fere  seruyng1  god,  for  the  helth  firmation," 
20  of  his  sowle  &  of  aft  his  auncetwrs,  vi.  acris  of  arable  londe  as  in 

.  no>  *7!» 

&  thre  acris  of  mede:  of  the  whiche  fowre  acris  of  londe 
arable  lyen  at  f>e  kynges  halle  of  glowcetwr  &  twrnen  vppon 
the  kynges  hye  wey,  and  twey  acris  at  longeforde  by  twene 

24  the  londe  Ipat  whas  of  raph  Auenel  *  &  J?e  londe  J»at  water  *ieaf  XLV 
grute  helde,    And   tweyne   Acris  of  mede  lyen  in  Waleham,   or  55' 
&  j  acre  of  mede  lyeth  in  landemede  :    the   which   aft   acris 
water  scre'ptor  or  wryter  by  heritage  helde  of  richarde  tyce- 

28  deweft,  fadwr  of  the  foresayde  edithe  his  wyfe,  &  jaf  hit  to 
fe  foresayde  mynchons  in-to  perpetuel  almys.  And  j?e  same 
richarde  cowfermyd  hit  to  fe  same  mynchons  by  his  charter, 
to  be  had  &  to  be  holde,  alle  J>e  foresayde  acres,  of  hym  & 

32  of  his  eyeris,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  ^eldyng1  to  hym  subject  to 
&   to  his  eyeris  3erly  xij  6T  in  two  termys  of  the  jere,  halfe 
at  J?e  annuwciacuw  of  owre  lady  &  J>e  olper  halfe  at  myjhelmasse, 
for  aft  seruices  sewtes  exaccions  &  seculer  demaundis.     And 


144  Gloucestershire :   Oloucetur 

wylliam    &    his    eyeris  waran^ed  to  f>e  foresayde    mynchons 
Alt  be  foresayde  acris   agaynste  alt  mew  &  women  for  euer: 
&  Aquited  of  alle  seruices  &  exaccions  bat  were  in  that  tyme 
or  myght  chaunse  afterwarde.     And  for  this  confe'rinacion  the  4 
on  payment  foresayde  mynchons  of  Godestow  }af  to  hym  oon  marke  Ipat 
of  a  Seas'     *s    to   say   X"J    shillings   iiij    d1  to   his   grete   nede   &    tweyn 
ure  of  cronockes *  of  corne,  oon  Ipat  is  to  say  of  wete  &  anober  of  rye. 

of  a  meas-     In-to  wytnys  of  this  thyng1,  he  toke  J>ys  present  wrytyng1  to  8 
ure  of  rye.     kem  I-seelyd  with  his  seele.     Mony  wytnys  beyng1  present. 


About  [174.]    A  charter  of  amphelice  abbesse  of  Godestow 

of  vj  acris  and  iij  acris. 

Perpetual  THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  amphelice,  by  the  grace 
Godstow.to  °f  g°d  Abbesse  of  godestow,  &  )?e  covent  of  the  same,  with 
St  Oswald's  consent  &  assent  of  alle  the  chapitre,  for  vs  &  alle  owre  12 

priory,  of 

the  lands      successoures  grauntyd  to  ]>e  pn'or  of  seynte  oswalde  of  glow- 
inlSepre-    wtur,  &   to   f>e   covente   of  the    same   place,  &  to  alle   Ipere 
ceding          successouris,  syxe  acres  of  arable  londe  &c.  as  in  the  charters 
condition      Afore,  to  be  holde  &  to  be  had,  of  here  &  of  here  successoures,  16 
to  nym  &  *°  ^^s  successouris,  frely  &  quietly  for  euer,  jeldyng1 


Godstow,      t0  nere  ^  to  here  successouris  3erly  x  shillings*  at  the  feste 
Jan.  13,         of  seynt  hillary,  And  to  wylliam  of  chirchesdouw  &  to  edithe 
rent  of  i«"  to  n^s  wyfe  &  t°  here  eyeris  xij.  6T  of  sterlynges  at  two  termys  20 
the  feudal     of  ^he  jergj  j,af;  [B  to  say,  at  Ipe  Annunciaciuw  of  owre  lady 
vj.  6T  &  at  my^helmasse  vj  d1,  for  alt  seruices  &  demaundis  as 
they  were  wonyd  &  oftyd  to   pay.     Fur)?ermore  f>e  fore-sayde 
prior  &  chanouns  &  fere  successouris  scholde  jef  to  Ipe  forsayde  24 
and  a  fine     abbesse  &  mynchons   iij.    shillings   of  sterlynges  for  a  peyne, 
ply^ieltbe  wt't/*-owte   Agayne-saying,   if    they   cese   in    oony    ty*me    of 
in  arrears,     the  paying1  of  here  rente.     In-to  wytnys  of  the  which  thyng1, 
or  55,          they  maade  bytwene  them  A  wrytyng   in   the   maner   of  A  38 
back.  charter,  Of  whiche  the  sayde  mynchons  token  to  f  e  fore-sayde 

chanouns  oon  perte  I-selyd  with  f>e  sele  of  there  churcli,  & 
they  a3enwarde  toke  to  fe  fore  namyd  mynchons  J?e  same 
charter  I-selyd  with  Ipere  sele.  These  beynge  wytnys  &c.  32 

1  In   the   Latin    'duos  cronocos  bladi.'  a  This  quit-rent  of  los.  was  still  paid  at 

See  crannoclc  in  New  Engl.  Diet.  the  dissolution  in  1540  (Monast.  iv.  375). 


Gloucestershire:   Gloucetur  145 

[5.  Land  given  by  Richard  of  the  cellar.] 

("175.1     *Emma  abbesse  of  Godestow  grauntecT  to  lohn     *  leaf 

_.      ,  0  XL  vi  or 

Blunt  &  cetera.  56j  baok. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  Ipat  dame  Emme  hluet,  hy  1260! 
the  grace  of  god  Abhesse  of  Godestow,  And  f>e  couent  of  Ipe  Grant  by 
same  place,  with  oon  assent  &  consent,  ^af  grauntid  &  confermyd  to  John  ' 


4  hy  wrytyng  to  lohn  blunt,  burgeys  of  Glowcetwr,  A  grounde 
in  glowcetwr  with  howsys  byldynges  &  wit  h  aft  pertinences,  houses 
Ipat  is  to  say,  Ipat  londe  Ipai  Richard  of  f>e  celer1  of  glowcetitr 
;af  them  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  &  Ipat  londe  lyeth  in 
8  Ebrugestre[te]  of   glowcetwr,  bytwene  J>e  londe  of  the  fore- 
sayde  lohn  blunt  &  Ipe  londe   summetyme  of  lohn   ferur,  to  street« 
be  had  &  to  be  holde   with  aft  his  pertinency  to   J?e  sayde 
lohn  blunte  &  to  his  eyeris  or  his  assynys,  frely  quietly  vtterly 

12  &  hole  for  euer,  paying1  fere-of  jerly  viij  shillings  of  sterlynges2,  on  payment 
}?at  is  to  say,  at  my^helmasse  iiij.  shillings  &  at  f>e  feste  of  rent^sl, 
owre  lady  in  marche  iiij.  shillings,  for  alle  seruice,   exaccion 
&  demaunde  f>at  my3ht  chaunse  to  them  &  to  f>e  successoures 

1  6  for  f>e  sayde  londe.     Also  J?e  same  lohn  &  his  eyeres  or  his  and  per. 
*Assynys  scholde  do  to  Ipe  chef  lordes  of  f»«t  fee  aft  seruice  fonnance 
\>ai  longyd  to  them  of  fat  londe.     And  f>e  foresayde  mynchons  XLVII  or 
of  Godestow  &   J>ere  successoures  waranti3ed   &   defendid  to  57< 

20  \>  e  sayde  lohn  blunte  and  to  his  eyeres  or  to  his  assynys  alle  feudal  ser- 


f>e  foresayde  londe  with  his  pertinences  for  euer.     And  if  J?e 
foresayde  rente  be  not  payid  in  the   termys  Aforesayde,   hit  holding. 
scholde  be  lawfuft  to  f>e  fore-sayde  mynchons  &  to  \>er&  sue-   distraint. 

24  cessouris,  wtt^-owte  oony  Agayne-saying1  of  Ipe  sayde  lohn 
blunte  &  of  his  eyeris  or  assynys,  by  there  baillifs,  what-so-euer 
f>ey  be,  to  distreyne&nyme  vpponallefe  tenement  of  the  foresayde 
lohn  blunte  in  the  towne  of  Glowcetwr  tylle  f>e  foresayde  rente 

28  be  fully  I-payid.  And  Ipat  Ipjs  writyng1  scholde  be  sure  &  stable 
for  euer,  both  partyes  maade  hit  stronge  by  puttyng1  to  Ipere  seelys, 
euerych  to  of  er.  J?ese  beyng1  wytnys  &c.  And  is  wit-owte  date. 

[~176.~j     Mabil  abbesse  of  Godestow  viij.  shillings  of  rent.  About 

1289 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  J>at  dame  mabile  Wafre,  by  Grant  by 

32  the  grace  of  god  Abbesse  of  Godestow,  &  fe  covent  of  the  same  Godstow.to 

1  This  benefactor  has  not  been  mentioned  elsewhere. 

2  MS.  '  of  stf  r\y  of  sterlynges.' 

L 


Richard  of 
the  garden, 

of  the  quit- 
rent  in  no. 
'75, 


for6a. 
yearly. 


Power  of 
distraint. 


Gloucestershire :   Gloucetur 

place,  by  the  commune  assente  &  consente,  $af,  grauntid,  &  by 
there  wrytyng1  confermyd,  to  Richarde,  burgeys  of  Glowcetur, 
viij  shillings  of  jerly  rente  in  Ebruggestrete,  f>e  which  lohn 
blunte  burgeis  of  Glowcet?/r  whas  in  certeyn  termys  to  paye  to  4 
them,  to  be  had  &  to  be  holde  to  }>e  sayde  Richard  of  Gardeyne 
&  to  his  eyeris  or  assynys,  frely  &c.  for  ever,  paying1  there  of 
3erly  yj  shillings  of  sterlynges,  Ipat  is  to  say,  at  myjhelmasse 
iij  shillings  And  at  Ipe  feste  of  owre  lady  in  niarche  iij  shillings,  8 
for  aft  seruice,  exaccion  &  seculer  demaunde.    And  fe  sayde 
mynchons   of  Godestow   &    J>ere   successoures    warantijed    & 
defendid  for  euer  to  Ipe  foresayde  Richarde  of  Gardeyne,  to  his 
eyeris  or  assynys,  the  foresayde  viij.  shillings  of  jerly  rente  12 
Agaynste  Aft  men  levyng*.     And  if  f>e  fore-sayde  rente  in  the 
foresayde  termys  were  not  payid,  htt  scholde  be  lefuft  to  them 
&  to  )?ere  successoures,  witA-owte  oony  agayne-saying1  or  lettyng1 
of  the  sayde  Richard  of  Gardeyne,  his  eyeris,  or  of  his  assynys,  16 
by  there  baillifs,  what-so-euer  Ipej  be,  to  distreyne  &  to  nyme 
vppon  alle  j?e  tenement  of  Ipe  foresayde  Richard  of  gardyne  of 
Glowcetwr,  tyl  f>e  foresayde  rente  be  fully  payid.     And  Ipat  f>ys 
present  writyng  scholde  be  sure  for  euer,  the  bothe   partyes  20 
a-seelyd  euerych  to  of>er  in  Ipe  maner  of  A  charter,  these  beyng1 
wytnys :  &  is  wz'tA  owte  date. 


*leaf 
XLVor 
55,  back. 
1289, 

Aug.  1 6. 
Sale  to 
Godstow, 
by  John  of 
Pershore, 

of  property 
near  the 
South  Gate, 


and  Smith 
street, 


[6.  Houses  and  quit-rents  bought  with  dame 
Rose  la  moyne's  money.] 

[177.]     *  A  evidence  of  lohri  of  pershore  all  londis  & 
tmewentis  in  Gloucestre. 

THE   sentence   of  this   euidence   is,   J?at  lohn  of  pershore, 
burgeis  of  glowcetw,  3af,  grauntid,  &  confermyd  by  his  charter,  2^ 
in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  to  Ipe  religious  women  lady  is 
abbesse  &  mynchons  to  god  &c.,  alle  loncles  &  alle  tenementes  & 
alle  jerly  rentes  Ipat  he  hadde  or  myght  haue  in  Ipe  grete  place 
towarde  Ipe  sowthjate  of  glowcetwr,  the  wyche  londes  &  tene-  28 
mentes  lyen  &  been  by-twen  Ipe  londe  J>at  whas  sumtyme  of 
water  Cramich  &  fe  smythys  strete  thorowgh  Ipe  which  me[n  go] 
to  fe  casteft  fro  Ipe  grete  place;  Also  A  voyde  grounde,  the 
which  strecchyth  hit  selfe  towarde  the  sayde  smythys  strete :    32 


Gloucestershire  :    Gloucetur  147 

to  be  holde  &  to  be  had,  with  aft  f>ere  pertinences,  of  hym  & 
of  his  eyeris  or  his  assynys,  to  J?e  fore-sayde  religiouse  women 
&  to  fere  successoures,  frely,  quietly,  purely  &  vtterly,  welle 

4  hole  &  pesybly  for  euer,  paying1  there-of  jerly  to  hym  &  to  his 
eyeris  or  to  his  assynys  oon  rose  At  }>e  feste  of  seynte  John  quit-rents, 
baptiste  at  Glowcetur  in  the  sayde  tenementes  or  in  oon  of  the 
sayde  tenements  whenne  fey  been  conueniently  requisityd  or  lord> 

8  Axid,  &  to  lp  abbot  of  seynt  petur  of  Glowcetwr  ij.  shillings,  29.  to  St. 
&  to  J»e  churche  of  seynte  oolde  *  in  the  same  towne  ij.  shillings, 


for  aft  seruices,  customs,  seculer  sewtes,  exaccions  &  demaundis.  as.  to  St. 
And  j?e  fore-sayde  lohn   perschore  his  eyeris  or   his  assynys   church. 

12  scholde  waranti3e  to  f>e  fore-myndyd  religiouse  women,  &  to 
Ipere  successoures,  J?e  2  fore-sayde  londes,  tenementes,  jerly  rentes, 
&  grow[n]de,  wiih  alle  J?ere  pertinences,  Agaynste  aft  dedly 
men  &  women,  and  Aquite  of  f»e  Arrerages  of  f>e  sayde  tene- 

16  mentis  if  Iper  were  oony,  &  defende  *  for  euer,  for  J?e  foresayde  *  leaf 
seruice.    Furfermore  for  J>e  jyfte,  graunte,  &  confirmacion  of  his  5Q        or 
charter,  fe  sayde  abbesse  and   mynchons  }af  to  hym  by-fore 
handis  fowre  &  twenty  marke  of  syluer,  I-jefe  &  assynyd  3  to  J?e  Purchase- 

so  sayde  religiouse  women  of  a    nowble-  woman,  dame  royse  la  J1°6ney' 
moyne  I-callyd,  to  fe  more  plentyfutt  susteynyng1  of  the  sayde  given  by 
monastery  in  tyme  comyngi     And  \ai  his  jyfte,  graunte,  &  itTmoyne?6 
confermyng1  of  his  charter,  my^ht  haue  strength  for  euer,  he 

24  maade  sure  this  wrytyng  by  the  impreyntyng1  of  his  seeie.    These 

beyng1  wytnys  &c.  Date  &  doyng1,  at  Glowcetwr  the  nexte  rAsgum 
tywysday  after  })e  feste  of  the  Assumpcion  of  owre  lady,  The  tion  of 
jere  of  fe  reyne  of  kyng1  Edwarde  f>e  seventenyth.  Aug.  15.] 

[178.]     A    quyte-clayme   of  Agnes  the   wyf  of   lohne  1301, 
pershore  of  j  mese,  iii.  shoppis  and  v  shillings  vj  67.          Septf  "' 

28      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  J>at  Agnes  f)e  wyfe  suwtyme  Sale  to 

of  lohn  perschore,  burgeys  of  Glowcetitr,  beyng1  in  pure  wydew-  by  A^nes 

hode  &  in  here  own  lawfutt  powere,  grauntyd,    remitted,    &  widow  of 

vtterly  quyte-claymyd,  for  here  &  for  here  eyeris,  to  Ipe  religiouse  Pershore, 

32  women  abbesse  &  holy  mynchons  of  the  monasterye  of  seynte 

1  At  the  dissolution  Goclstow  was  still  obtain  exemption  from  attendance  at  his 

paying  these  quit-rents  to  St.  Peter's  abbey,  court  (Monast.  iv.  375). 

and  to  St.  Aldate's  church,  as  also  a  quit-  a  MS.  \er. 

rent  of  28.  to  the  sheriff  of  Gloucester  to  3  &  assynyd,  in  margin. 

L  2 


148 


of  her 
interest  in 


3  shops, 
and  5«.  6d. 
of  quit- 
rent, 

and  quit- 
claim of  all 
title  in  her 
deceased 
husband's 
property, 
as  in  no. 
177. 


Purchase- 
money,  £5. 


Gloucestershire  :   Gloucetur 

lohn  baptiste  of  Godestow,  alle  here  ryjlit  &  clayme  Ipat  sche 
had  or  in  ony  wyse  myjht  haue  in  oon  Mese,  thre  shoppis,  fyfe 
shelyngworth  and  syx  penys  of  3erly  rente,  with  f  e  pertinences, 
in  glowcetw :    and  also  in  alle  &  in  eueryche  of  er  londys  &  4 
tenemewtes  f e  which  f  e  same  Abbesse  &  holy  mynchons  had  of 
Ipe  jyfte  &  levyng1  of  f  e  foresayde  lohn  sumtyme  here  husbonde 
in  the  same  towne  of  Glowcetwr,  as  hit  is  cowteyned  of  feoffement 
I-maade  thereof  to  f  e  same  religiouse  women,  so  fat  nof  er  sche,  8 
nofer  here  eyeris,  ne  none  olper  for  here  or   by  here,  myjht 
afterwarde  axe  or  clayme  ony  thyng1  of  ryjht  or  clayme  in  the 
foresayde  mese,  shoppis,  and  rentes,  or  in  oony  of  er  londys  and 
tenementes  Aforesayde.     For  Ipe  which  grauntyng1,  relesyng1,  &  12 
quite-claymyng1,  f  e  foresayde  Abbesse  &  holy  mynchons  jaf  to 
here  A  hundred  shelynges  of  sterlynges  be-fore  handys.     In-t.o 
wytnys  of  the  which  thyng1  of  quyte-claymyng',  sche  put  to  here 
sele.     These  beyng-  wytnys  &c.     The  Date,  At  Glowcetwr,  fe  16 
two  &  twentyith  day  of  septembre,  The  nyne  and  twenty  jere  of 
the  reyne  of  kyng  Edwarde  the  sone  of  kyng1  harry. 


1306, 

Dec.  4. 


Licence 
in  mort- 
main by 
Edward  I, 


pardoning 
a  breach  of 
the  Statute 
of  Mort- 
main, 


and  re- 
leasing no. 
178  to 
Godstow. 


*  leaf 
XL VI  or 
56,  back. 


[170.]     A  charter  of  kyng  Edward?  of  I  mese  iii.  shoppis 
in  Gloucestre  by  lycence. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  J?at  edwarde,  by  the  grace  of 
god  kyng1  of  Inglonde  &c. :  know  ye  Ipat,  by  the  fyne  Ipat  owre  20 
welle-belouyd  in)  cryste  abbesse  of  Godestow  maade  with  vs,  we 
haue  I-perdonyd  to  Ipe  same  abbesse  &  to  Ipe  mynchons  of  the 
same  place  }>e  transgression  )?at  fey  dyd  in)  getyng  to  hem  &  to 
here  successoures  in  fee  oon  mese  &  thre  schoppis  with  ]>er  24 
pertinences  in  glowcetwr,  of  agnes,  sumtyme  Ipe  wyfe  of  lohn 
pershore  of  Glowcetwr,  after  Ipe  publyschyng1  of  vs  I-maade  of 
londys  and  tenementes  not  to  be  put  to  morte-mayne  &  of  the 
entryng1  of  them  witA.-owte  owre  licence  &  lefe,  the  whiche  mese  28 
&  shoppis  for  be  cause  of  there  transgression  were  take  in-to 
owre  hande;    And  whe  haue  grauntid  to  Ipe  same  abbesse  & 
mynchons,  for  vs  &  owre  eyeris  also  muche  as  is  in)  vs,  Ipat  fat 
mese  shoppis  &  pertinences  fey  haue  agayne,  &  holde  to  them  32 
&  to  fere  successoures,  of  the  chef  lordis  of  that  fee,  by  seruices 
dew  &  customyd  *  there-of  for  euer,  with-owte  occasion  or  lettyng1 
of  vs  or  of  owre  eyeris,  Justices,  escheters,  vndursh[r]euys,  or 


Gloucestershire:   Gloucetur  149 

ofer  ballyfs  or  mynysters  what-so-euer  they  be,  owre  fore-sayde 
statute  notwythstandyng1.  In-to  wytnys  of  this  thyng1  we 
maade  owre  letters  patentee  to  be  maade.  Myne  owne  selfe 
4  beyng1  wytnys  at  lanrecost,  the  iiij.  day  of  december,  the 
xxxv.  jere  of  owre  reyne. 


[180.]     *Margarete  abbesse  &  cetera  to  hugfc   Coke   a  *  leaf 

corner  tenement  &  cetera.  57. 

1386, 


THE  sentence  of  this  endenture  is,  fat  Merget  Mounteney, 
Abbasse  of  Godestow,  &   f  e  covent  of  fe  same   place,  toke,   Godstow, 

8  grauntid,  &  lete,  tohugh  Coke  of  Wircetw,  burgeis  of  Gloucetwr,  J?0^of  a 
alle  fere  cornere  tenement,  by  f  e  smytbys  strete  of  Gloucetw  of  portion  of 
f  e  oon  parte  &  f  e  tenement  fat  William  Straddett  late  helde 
of  them  &  sytth  Gylbert  Chauntreft  helde  of  f  e  of  er  parte,  to 

12  be  had  &  to  be  holde,  to  same  hugh,  eyeris,  &  his  assynys,  to  fe 

terme  of  thre  score  &  ten  jere  fully  complete,  paying1  fere-of  onabuild- 
jerly  to  hem  &  to  here  successouris  xij.  d!  of  lawfuft  money  at  J>e  JJ^  ^years, 
feste  of  owre  lady  of  J?e  annuTiciaciun,  jeldyng1  also  &  doyng1  for  quit-rent 

1  6  them  &  Ipere  successoures  to  J?e  chef  lordys  *  and  to  att  oj>er  att 
seruices  &  bordennys  f  ere-of  dew  &  I-wonyd.  And  J?e  fore- 
sayde  hugh  his  eyeris  &  assynys  scholde  make  oon  competente 
howse  newe  fere,  with  his  own  costes  &  expensis,  vfith-m  fe 

20  5ere  nexte  folowyng1  after  fe  date  now  presente.  And  also  after 
fat  hit  is  so  I-bylde,  thei  scholde  susteyne  hit  with  fere  own 
costes  duryng1  f  e  foresayde  terme,  &  fey  scholde  also  lefe  hit  in  f  e 
ende  of  f  e  foresay[de]  terme  in  competente  state.  Also  fat  hit  Under 

24  scholde  not  be  lawful!  to  f  e  foresayde  hugh,  his  eyeris,  and 


assynys,  to  lete  to  oony  man  the  foresayde  tenantry  ne  no  perte  let  without 
of  hit  witA-owte  speciatt  licence  of  f  e  foresayde  abbesse,  of  here 
Couente,  &  successoures.   And  if  hit  hap  fat  f  e  foresayde  rente  be 

28  by-hynde,  in  parte  or  in  alle,  after  oony  afore-sayde  terme  by 
a  moneth,  fat  fen  hit  scholde  be  lawfutt  to  f  e  fore-sayde  abbesse 
&  Couente  &  to  fere  successoures  to  distreyne  in  fe  sayde 
tenement  &  reteyne  f  e  sayde  distreynynges  tyl  fat  hit  be  fully  Powers  of 

32  satisfied  to  fern  of  f  e  foresayde  rente  &  f  e  arrerages  of  hit.  distralnt' 
And  if  hit  happen  f  e  fore-sayde  to  be  by-hynde,  in  parte  or  in 
alle,  after  oony  A-fore  sayde  terme  by  a  hole  jere,  or  waste  be 
made  in  the  sayde  tenement,  or  fat  he  bylde  not  f  e  howse  (as  bit 


150 


Gloucestershire :   Gloucetur 


and  re- 
entry. 


is  set  before)  with-in  be  sayde  terme,  or  lete  owte  the  foresayde 
tenement  or  oony  parceft  of  hit  agaynste  J> e  forme  aforesayde, 
]>at  fro  f>at  tyme  hit  scho]de  be  lawfuft  to  J>e  fore-sayde  Abbesse 
&  Couente  &  to  Ipere  successoures  to  entre  agayne  in  the  sayde  4 
tenement  with  his  pertinences  And  to  holde  hit  to  them  selfe  for 
euer,  this  letyng1  owte  or  dimission  not-wythstandyng1.  And  f  e 
sayde  Abbesse  &c.  warantijed  f>e  sayde  tenement  &c.,  vndwr 
fe  forme  aforesayde.  In-to  wytnys  there-of  they  set  to  J»ys  8 
wrytyng  the  commune  seele,  and  he  his  seele.  The  date  at 
Godestow,  in  there  chapitre,  f>e  tywysday  nexte  the  feste  of  f>e 
Annunciaciun  of  owre  lady,  the  nyneth  jere  of1  f>e  reyne  of 
Richarde  j?e  secunde  After  ]>e  conqweste. 


12 


[MEYSEY-HAMPTON.] 

[NOTE. — In  the  deeds  themselves  we  have  simply  '  Hampton.'  The  more  precise 
indication  of  locality  comes  in  the  dissolution  survey,  1540,  when  Godstow  is  put 
down  (M onast.  .iv.  374)  as  receiving  £1  135.  yearly  from  Cricklade,  Chal worth,  Ufcot, 
and  Meysey-Hampton.  The  Meysey-Hampton  land  was  held  by  a  small  quit-rent, 
which  would  naturally  be  collected  by  the  nearest  Godstow  centre;  in  this  case 
Cricklade  in  Wiltshire.] 


*  leaf  Lor 
60.  About 
1280. 

Sale  to 
John  of  the 
woodhyde, 
by  Robert 
Senle, 

*  leaf  60, 
back. 


for  £4,  of 
a  messuage 
and  lands, 


[exceptis 
viris 

religiosis  et 
ludaeis.J 


[181.]     *  A  Charter  of  Robert  Senle  of  Hamptor). 

THE  sentence  of  this  chartir  is,  that  Robert  Senle  of  hampton), 
by  the  assent  and  wille  of  Isabelle  his  wyf,  yaf,  graunted1,  and 
conformed1  with  his  owne  charter,  to  lohn  the  sone  of  John  of  the 
\vodehyde,  for  vj.   *  marke  of  siluer  the  which  he  yaf  before  16 
handes   att   his  loncP  in  HamptofD,  wt'tft   a   mese  and  aft  his 
pertinentis,  to  be  had1  and  to  be  hold1,  of  ser  Richard;  lorde  of 
Hampton),  and  of  his  heires  or  assignes,  to  the  saicT  lohn,  and  to 
his  heires,  or  to  his  assignes  who-so-ever  they  be,  and  to  everich  20 
or  whom-so-euer  he  willed1  to  yeve,  selle,  bequeth,  or  lay  hit  to 
wedde,  alt  the  forsaid1  loncT,  -with  aft  his  pertinentis,  or  in  any 
other  wise  assigne  hit,  also  wele  in  sikenesse  as  in  helth,  out- 
take  hit  be  to  Religious  men  or  lewis,  also  frely  quyetly  pesibly  24 
and  holy  as  Robert  aforsaid1  held1  the  same  lond1  most  best  and 
most  frely  of  the  saide  Richard1  Marschalt  lord1  of  hampton), 
paiyng1  therfor  yerely  to  the  same  Richard1  and  to  his  heires 


1  MS. 'of  of.' 


Gloucestershire:  Hampton  151 

v.  shillings  at  ij.  termes  of  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  Mighelmas  subject  to 

half  and  at  our  lady  of  the  Annunciacioiw  the  other  half,  for  all  rent^ 

seruice,   custome,  exaccion)  and  demaund1,  Savyng1  the  kynges  and  to  a 

4  seruice  and  of  the  chief  lord1  also  moche  as  longeth  to  suche  a  fre  scutage, 
tenauntry  in  the  same  towne   of  hampton).      Also   the   same 

Robert  Senle  ordeyned1  and  graunted1  to  the  same  lohn,  to  his  and  to 

heires,  and  to  his  assignes,   aft  the  forsaid1  lond?  and  aft  that  fald^JLbert 

8  longeth  therto.     Also  he  graunted1  to  the  same  John  resonable  fnd^od0^ 

necessaries  of  the  frutes  of  the  said1  lond1,  also  longe  as  he  lived1,  for  his  life- 
in  metis  and  drynkes  and  in  howses  of  the  forsaicT  lond1,  to-gedir 
with  hym  and  Isabelle  his  wyf  also  longe  as  they  lived1.     And  for- 
1  2  asmoche  as  he  wolcTthat  hit  sholcT  be  sure  and  stable  for  ever,  he 
sette  his  scale  to  this  writyng1.     These  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[182.]     *  A  Carter  of  Roger  Meysy  of  HamptoB.  *  leaf 
THE  sentence  of  this  evidence  is,  that  Roger  of  Meysy  yaf  59,  back. 

and  graunted1  to  the  hous  of  Godestow  the  rent  of  a  lond1  that  ££$$ 

16  was  of  Ace,  into  pure  and  perpetuel  almesse,  to  be  hold1  of  hym  Grant  to 

and  of  his  heires,  frely  and  quyetly  for  aft  service  (save  the  by^ogerof 

kyngis  service)  for  hym  and  his  predecessours,  that  is  to  sey,  Meysey,  of 

one  mese,  and  one  crofte,  and  vj.  acres  in  the  feld1  of  west  and  over  a  mes- 

20  vj.  acres  in  the  feld1  of  Est,  and  an  acre  of  mede,  the  which  held1  JJ£g  and 
the  forsaid1  Ace,  and,  to  the  encrese,  an  acre  of  lond1  at  Battas 
yerely  to  sewe,  and  a  parte  of  an  acre  in  Flexland1,  and  a  pond1 

of  a  stew  to  the  brede  of  the  forsaid1  crofte,  and  iiij.  bestes  and  with  pas- 

24  an  hors  and  xxx.  shepe  *  in  1  cowimone  pasture  with  his  men.  *Ui^af1|J  ^ 

Also   he   and   his   heires   graunted1  and  willed1  that  Nicholas,  60' 

seruant  of  the  recluse  of  hampton),  and  his  heires,  shold1  have  gation  to 


and  hold1  this  yifte  in  the  fredom)   I-graunted1  to  them),  for 
28  ij.  shillings  yerely  to  be  paid?  to  the  forsaid  hous  in  the  fest  of  yearly. 
the  birthe  of  Seynt  lohn  Baptist.    These  beyng^  witnesse,  &  cetera,   cluse^f 

Hampton.] 

[183.]    A  covenaunt  I-made  bitwene   the   abbesse   of  About 
Godestow  and  her  mynchons  and  Rafl    Bullol^  of  1350? 
hampton)  for  the  hold?  of  vij.  acres  with  a  mese  and 
a  tofte  and  a  crofte  and  an  acre  of  mede  in  the  towne 
of  hampton). 

THE  sentence  of  this  covenaunt,  bitwene  the  abbesse  and   Grant  by 
mynchons  of  Godestow  and  Raaf  Bullok,  of  Hampton),  is  this  :    Kalph 
1  Comon)  of  Pastu^,  in  margin. 


Bullock,  of 
no.  182,  for 
his  life- 
term, 


quit-rent 
4$.  yearly. 


Purchase- 
money,  £i. 


About 
1380? 


Grant  by 
Godstow, 
to  William 
Bullock, 
son  of 
Ralph, 


of  the  pro- 
perty de- 
scribed in 
no.  182,  for 
life-term, 

quit- rent, 
58.  and  suit 
to  Water- 
eaton 
court, 

Purchase- 
money,  £i. 


Gloucestershire :  Hampton 

that  the  foresaid1  Raf  shold1  hold1  of  the  hous  of  Godestow,  also 
longe  as  he  liveth,  vij.  acres  of  lond1  wiih  a  mese  tofte  and 
crofte  and  one  acre  of  mede  in  the  towne  of  hampton),  that  is 
to  sey,  the  same  which  somtyme  Nicholas,  the  seruant  of  the  4 
Recluse  of  Hampton),  bought  of  Roger  Meysy,  paiynge  yerely  to 
the  hous  of  Godstow  iiij.  shillings  at  the  natiuite  of  seynt  lohn 
Baptist  for  aft  seruicis,  custumes,  and  demaundis.  And  for  this 
accorde  the  forsaid1  Raf  yaf  to  the  hous  of  Godestow  xx.  shillings.  8 
And  that  this  covenaunt  shold1  be  sure  and  stable  also  longe  as 
the  forsaid1  Raf  lived1,  bothe  perties  labored1  to  make  hit  sure  by 
the  puttyng1  to  of  theire  seles.  These  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[184.]  A  covenaunt  I-made  bitwene  the  Abbesse  and 
mynchons  of  Godestow  and  William  the  sone  of 
Raf  Bullok^of  HamptonX 

THE  sentence  of  this  evidence  is,  that  there  was  a  covenant  12 
I-made,  bitwene  the  Abbesse  and  Mynchons  of  Godestow  of  the 
one  partie  and  william  the  son)  of  Raf  Bullok,  of  hampton)  of 
the  other  partie,  that  the  forsaide  *  william  shold1  holde  of  the 
house  of  Godestow,  also  longe  as  he  lived1,  vij.  acres  of  lonoTwitA  16 
a  mese  tofte  and  crofte  and  an  acre  of  mede  in  the  towne  of 
hampton),  that  is  to  sey,  tho  the  which  somtyme  Nicholas,  the 
seruant  of  the  Recluse  of  hampton),   bought  of  Roger  Meysy, 
paiyng1  therfor  yerely  to  the  house  of  Godestow  v.  shillings,  that  20 
is  to  sey,  at  the  Natiuite  of  Seyut  lohn  Baptist,  makyng1  suteto 
the  courte  of  Eton)  at  the  wille  of  the  abbesse  or  of  her  baillifes, 
as  other  tenantes  of  the  same  abbesse.     And  for  this  covenant 
the  forsaid1  william  yaf  to  the  hous  of  Godstow  xx.  shillings.  24 
And  that  this  covenaunt,  also  longe  as  the  forsaide  william  liveth, 
be  ferme  sure  and  stable,  Bothe  parties  labored1  to  make  hit  sure 
by  the  puttyng1  to  of  her  scales.     These  beyng1  witnes,  &  cetera. 


[PATJNTLEY.] 


*  Chartur  of  "Richard  Clifford?  for  fe  mille  of 
pantisleye. 


*leafXLI          [185.] 

or  51, 

back. 

1185.  THE  sentence  of  f»is  chartur  is,  fat  RicAard  Clifford1,  wiih  f>e  28 

*  leaf  consent  and  *  assent  of  his  fadur  waiter  Clifford1  &  of  his  brother 


1  M  ark  thys  dede,  in  margin. 


Gloucestershire:  Pantislei  153 

waiter  Clifford?  f>e  yungere,  grauntid1  &  gaf,  freli  &  quietli,  in-to  XLII  or 
perpetuel  alrais,  to  god1  &  to  owre  ladi  &  to  J?e  churche  of  seint  Grant  to 


lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  the  holi  ininchons  ]>e^  seruinge 
4  god1,  for  )?e  helbe  of  his  sowle  &  of  his  bro)?<?r  Rog^r  &  of  att  his  of  Clifford, 
predecessours,   xx.   shillings   of  his  mille  vndur1  J>e  carri  of  charg^on 
pauntislei,  yerli  to  be  paid1  bi  him  bi  two  termis,  \>ai  is  to  sei,  the  miu- 
in  f>e  annunciacion  of  owre  ladi,  x.  shillings  &  at  mihelmas, 
8  x.  shillings.     Thei  made  bis  gifte  to  f>e  churche  of  Godestowe, 
&  presentid1  vppon  f  e  aute?  :  &  is  wft/i-oute  date. 

[NOTE.  —  There  is  no  other  notice  of  this  gift.  Among  the  witnesses  were  Henry 
de  OH  ;  Godfrey,  abbot  of  Egnesham  (Einsham)  ;  and  Nigel,  dean  of  Oxford, 
circ.  1185-1200  (Exchequer  MS.  leaf  44,  back).] 

[LITTLE  RISSINGTON.] 

[NOTE.  —  Godstow  had  acquired  a  hide  in  Kissington  prior  to  pope  Eugenius  Ill's 
confirmation  (no.  901)  in  1145.  In  1291,  at  pope  Nicholas  IV's  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica, 
Godstow  held  5^  yardlands  there,  i.  e.  a  hide  and  i|  yardlands,  valued  at  £2  a  year. 
At  the  dissolution,  1540,  this  estate  is  put  down  as  yielding  (Monast.  iv.  375)  £2  rent 
paid  by  the  farmer,  and  £10  quit-rent  paid  by  the  duke  of  Norfolk.  The  outgoings 
were  2s.  for  a  Ib.  of  pepper  and  4^.  for  a  Ib.  of  cumin  to  the  duke  of  Norfolk  ;  4^.  to 
the  bailiff  of  Wallingford  honour,  and  also  135.  4^.  for  the  bailiffs  fee.] 

[*  RlSINDONE.  *  Ex- 

chequer 

186.     Charter  of  Robert  of  Teyden.  J^;  leaf 

About 
EOBBET  of  Teyden,  with  consent  of  his  wife  Agatha,  of  his   1180. 

heirs  Henry  and  Warin,  and  of  his  son-in-law  Robert  of  Dode- 


1  2  well,  for  the  health  of  the  souls  of  himself,  his  wife,  his  heirs,   *>y  Robert 
and  his  predecessors,  gave  to  Godstow  half  a  hide   and  half  of  half  aU' 


a  yardland  in  Rysenden,  but  without  the  attached  crofts  (instead 

of  which  he  gave,  of  his  demesne  land,  double),  and  also  granted  land, 
16  that  the  nuns'  beasts  (viz.  oxen,  sheep,  and  pigs)  should  go  in 

the  pastures  and  elsewhere  with  his  own  without  challenge  2. 

This  gift  was  presented  on  the  altar  so  that  the  Lord's  curse  Anathema 

might  rest  on  whoever  violated  it.  violators. 

20      Witnesses  :  —  Reginald,    chaplain   of  Abingdon  ;    and  Theod 

Thorn,  cleric.] 

1  '  Subtus  carriam  de  Pantesleia.' 

3  '  Sine  calumnia  '  :  i.e.  without  being  impounded  by  the  bailiff  of  the  manor. 


154 


*  Ex- 
chequer 
MS. 

leaf  139. 
About 
1180. 
Grant  to 
Godstow,by 
Henry  of 
Teyden, 
[Nun's 
dower.] 
of  land, 

meadow, 

and  rights 
of  pasture  j 


and  con- 
firmation 
of  no.  186. 

*  leaf  139, 
back. 


*Bawl. 
MS. 

leaf  156. 
About 
1220. 
Grant  to 
Agnes 
Medecrofte, 
by  Eobert 
Nether- 
cote,  of  a 
yardland 
(held  by 
quit-rent 
to  the  chief 
lord  of  i  Ib. 
of  pepper, 
and  sou- 
tage), 


but  without 
the  mes- 
suage of  the 


Gloucestershire:  Rysyndon 
[187.     *  Charter  of  Henry  son  of  Kobert  of  Tayden. 

HENRY,  son  of  Eobert  of  Tayden,  for  the  souls  of  his  father 
and  mother  and  for  his  own  soul  and  his  wife  Beatrice's  soul 
and  his  heirs'  souls,  gave  to  Godstow,  with  his  daughter  Agatha 
who  became  a  nun  in  Godstow,  lands  in  his  town  of  Rysindon  4 
of  his  demesne  land,  viz.  (a)  in  one  field,  '  en  at  hulle/  1 1  acres, 
and  'at1  the  ashen  causey/  10  acres ;  (b)  in  another  field,  land 
called  Ten-acre,  and  another  land  called  Three-acre,  and  land 
called  Pilehulle ;    and  (c)  a  meadow   called  Wytheryndeham ;  8 
and  (d)  the  meadow  of  a  yardland  in  common  with  the  mead  of 
the  town  as  the  lot  will  give;  (e)  with  all  freedoms,  so  that  the 
oxen,  sheep,  and  pigs  of  Godstow  may  feed  over  all  his  demesne 
where  his  own  oxen,  sheep,  and  pigs  go,  but 2  be  excluded  from  1 2 
the  crops,  and  from  the  meadow  which  shall  be  in  defence  from 
Annunciation  of   St.   Mary  (March   25)  till   the  meadows  be 
mowed  and  the  hay  carried. 

Also  he  confirms  his  father's  gift  of  a  half-hide  and  a  half-  16 
yardland. 

*  Witnesses : —  .  .  . 3  de  Chistetuna,  and  Hugh  of  Chuiller- 
villa,  knights.] 

[188.]     *  A  Charter  of  Eobert  fit}  Eobert  Nethercote 
corafermyng'  the  same. 

THE    sentence   of  this   charter  is,   that  Robert  fit}  Robert  ao 
Nether  cote,  by  f>e  wille  and  peticion)  of  Sibile  his  wyf  and  of 
her4  heire,  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  Anneys  the  doughter  of  Richard1 
[of]  Medecrofte  one  yerd1  lond1  in  Rysyndon),  that  is  to  sey,  half 
of  that  hide  the  which  Richard1  Wythorn)  held1,  the  which  half  24 
hide  he  held15  of  his  lord1  henry  of  Tyden),  by  the  seruyce  of  j.  li. 
of  peper  and  the  seruyce  of  the  kyng*:  To  be  had1  and  to  be 
holcf,  by  right  heritage,  of  hym  and  of  his  heires,  to  her  and  to 
her  heires  or  to  whom-so-euer  or  where-so-euer  she  wold?  assigne  28 
hit,  other  in  Religion)  or  els-where,  frely  and  quyetly  fro  alt 
seruyce,  Ryaft  and  other,  and  all  seculere  exaccion)  perteynyng1 
to  hym  and  to  his  heires,  wit^  all  his  pertynentis,  in  medis, 
fedynges,  in  londis  and  in  herbis,  and  in  all  easementis,  except  e  32 


1  Latin  is  'ad  fraxinum  cawlsi.' 

2  Latin  is  <  extra  segetes  et  pratum.' 

3  Christian  name  absent. 


4  Read  '  his.' 

5  Read  '  holds.' 


Gloucestershire:  Eysyndon  155 

the  mese  of  the  same  half  hide  of  lond1  that  he  held1  aft  to  hym-  half  hide; 
self,  yeldyngi  therof  yerely  to  hym  and  to  his  heires  j.  li.  of  JS^811*' 
Comyn)  at  Estir.  And  for  this  graunte  yifte  and  confermyng'  JJJ^of  ilb 

4  of  this  charter,  the  forsaid1  Anneys  yaf  to  hym  before  handis  of  cumin 
vj.  mart,  of  siluer,  And  to  Sibile  his  wyf  xij.  6T.    And  he  and  his   purohase- 
heires  warantijed1  aft  the  forsaid1  lond1  to  the  forsaid1  Anneys  and  ^Jy» 
to  her  heires  or  to  whom-so-euer  she  wold1  assigne  hit,  other  to 

8  Religion),  other  to  ellis-where,  ayenst  aft  men  and  women  ;  and 
aquyted1  of  aft  sutes,  that  is  to  sey,  of  shire  and  hundred1  and  of 
ridyng1,  vttirly,  and  of  aft  greves.  And  yf  hit  happened1  that  he 
myght  not  warantije  that  yerd1  of  londe,  he  and  his  heires  shold1 
12  yeve  into  eschaunge  so  mocft  of  also  good1  lond1  and  I-streight  in 
also  good1  a  place,  some-where  in  his  heritage,  to  the  for  said1  Anneys 
and  to  her  heires,  as  hit  hatft  be  said1.  And  fat  }>is,  &  cetera. 

*  Bx- 

[189.     *  Charter  of  Henry  of  Teyden.  chequer 

MS.  leaf 
HENEY  of  Teyden,  as  chief  lord,  confirms  to  Agnes,  daughter  139,  back. 

16  of  Richard  of  Medcroft,  the  yardland  with  its  pertinences  in  ^QO^* 
Rysyndon  Basseth,  which  Robert  the  son  of  Robert  of  Nether-   Confirma- 
cote,   his  man,   gave  to   her,  as  the  charter]  *  of  *  the    same   Agnes  of 


Robert  the  which  he  made  to  the  same  Anneys  vpon)  the  same 
20  londe  witnessith.      And  he  nother  his  heires  shold?  never  take   MS. 
wedde    of    the   forsaide   Anneys   or   of   her  assignes,    nother  byftHe     'of 
sesyn)  the   lond1  of  the    same,    for    the   defaute    of  the  same  Teyden,  of 
Robert  hir2  man,  or  for  wttAholdyng1  of  the  rente  or  seruyce, 
24  aft  the  while  that  they  myght  fynde  ony  thyng1  vpon  the  lond1 

the  which  she  2  held1  of  hym.     And  that  this  graunte,  &  cetera.   ^1c^ase" 
And  for  this   confirmacion)  the   forsaid?  Anneys   yaf  j  marke   6s.  8d. 
of  siluer.     These  beyng<  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[190.]     A   Charter  of  Robert  Slouther,  I-made   to   the  About 
mynchons  of  Godestow,  for   a  mese  with  his  per-  1210' 
tynentis  and  vj.  shillings  of  yerely  rente. 

28      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Robert  Slouther3  yaf,  &   Sale  to  God- 

stow  fov 

cetera,  to  god  &  cetera,  and  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe  there  Robert  of 

1  The  English  register  resumes  after  other  lands  of  Robert  of  Nethercote  are 

a  lost  leaf.  able  to  meet  them. 

a  Kead  'his,'  'he.'  The  overlord  pro-  3  'Robert  de  Slouhtre'  in  the  Latin. 

mises  not  to  seek  satisfaction  from  these  Upper  and  Lower  Slaughter  lie  north-west 

lands,  for  feudal  claims,  as  long  as  the  of  the  Rissingtons.  See  no.  883. 


156 


Slouther, 
of  a  mes- 
suage and 
rent-charge 
on  a  yard- 
land,  with 
reversion 
of  the  yard- 
land  (no. 
188). 


*  leaf  156, 
back. 


Quit-rent 
i  Ib.  of 
pepper, 
and  scu- 


Purchase- 
money, 
£6  6s.  Sd. 


Gloucestershire :  Rysyndon 

seruyng1  god  and  to  serue  for  ever,  a  mese,  with  his  pertynentis, 
that  Robert  Garland1  held1  of  hym  in  the  town)  of  Rysyndon) ;  and 
vj.  shillings  of  rente  yerely,  the  which  he  was  I-wonycT  to  take 
of  Robert *  Marissh  at  ij.  termes,  that  is  to  sey,  at  Mighelmasse  4 
iij.  shillings  and  at  Ester  iij  shillings,  for  j  yercT  of  lond}  with 
his  pertynentis,  the  which  he  held1  of  hym  to  his  lyf 2  in  the 
towne  of  Rysyndon),  of  the  fee  of  henry  [of]  Teyden),  the  which 
yerde  lond1  longith  to  the  forsaid1  mese  that  the  forsaid1  Robert  8 
Garlond1  held1  of  hym,  that  is  to  sey,  that  the  forsaid1  yerd1  lond1, 
with  the  pertynentis,  after  the  deoesse  of  the  forsaid1  Robert  of 
Marissh,  shold1  abide  for  euer  holy  and  fully  to  the  said1  myn- 
chons  of  Godestow  into  ther  propir  vsis:  To  be  had?  and,  to  be  i  a 
hold1,  to  the  said1  *  rnynchons  or  to  ther  assignes,  of  hym  and  his 
heires,  wele  and  in  pease,  frely  and  quyetly,  holy  and  fully  for 
euer,  in  wode  in  pleyne  in  weyes  and  pathes  and  in  pasturis  and 
in  aft  placis,  with  aft  fredoms  and  fre  customes  longyng1  to  the  16 
same  londe,  yeldyng1  therof  yerely  j  \\bra  of  pepir  to  hym  and  to 
his  heires  at  the  fest  of  Seynt  Thomas  the  appostle,  for  aft 
seruyce,  exaccion),  sute,  custome,  and  demaunde  perteynyng1  to 
hym  or  to  his  heires,  Savyng1  the  kyngis  seruyce  also  moch  as  20 
longith  to  so  moche3.     And  Robert  of  Slouthre  and  his  heires 
waranti3ecT  and  defended1  the  forsaid1  mese,  with  the  pertynentis* 
and  the  said1  vj.  shillings  of  Rente  (also  longe  as  Robert  of 
marissh  levicF),  And  (after  the  dethe  of  the  same)  the  said1  yerde  24 
of  lond1  with  his  pertynentis,  vnto  the  owne  vsis  of  the  said1 
mynchons  or  to  ther  assignes.     And  for  this  yifte,  &  cetera,  the 
forsaid1  mynchons  of  Godestowe  yaf  to  hym  ix.  marke  of  siluer 
into  waryson) 4,  And  to  Sibille  his  wyf  half  a  marke.     And  that  28 
this  his  yifte,  &  cetera. 


About 
1230. 


[191.]  A  Charter  of  William  le  Prane  of  RysyndoS),  I- 
made  to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  for  j  rode  of 
lond;  and  pasture  and  mede  liyng1  therto,  in  the 
felde  of  liteH  B-ysyndorS),  &  cetera. 


THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  William  Frane  of  litel 


Exchange 

Godstow       Rysyndon)  yaf,  &  cetera,  to  the  Abbesse  and  Couent  of  Gode- 


1  Robert  of  the  marsh/  in  the  Latin. 
3  i.  e.  in  life-rent. 


3  i.e.  as  much  money  as  falls  to  be  paid 
by  so  much  land.  *  in  gersumma. 


Gloucestershire:  Rysyndon  157 

stowe  and  to  ther  successours,  j  rode  of  loncF,  with  pasture  and  and 
mede  liyng1  to,  in  the  feld1  of  litett  Rysyndon),  in  a  place  that   Frane,  of 
is  I-called?  Walterislake :  To  be  hold1  and  to  be  had1,  to  the  for-  land-  ' 

4  said1  Abbesse  and  Couent  and  to  ther  successours,  frely,  quyetly 
and  pesiblely,  holy  and  worshipfully,  into  an  eschaunge  for 
j  half  acre  of  lond?  in  the  feld1  of  Rysyndon),  as  the  charter  wit- 
nessith  the  whiche  J?e  said1  abbesse  and  couent  made  to  hym. 

8  And   William  Frane   aforsaid1  and   his  heires  waranti^jed1  and 

defended1  the  forsaid1  Rode   of  lond1,   with  mede   and   pasture 

liyng   to,    to   the   forsaid?  Abbesse  and   Couente  and  to  there 

successours  for  ever,  ayenst  ait  men.     And  for  this  eschaunge, 

12  &  cetera. 


[192.]  A  Couenaunte  I-made  bitwene  the  Abbesse  of  About 
Godestowe  And  SymoncT  Nethercote  for  a  service,  130°  ? 
&  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  covenaunte,  I-made  bitwene  the  Abbesse  Agreement 
and  Couent  of  Godestowe  of  the  one  partie,  and  ser  Symond?  Godstow 


of  Nethercote  of  the  olper  partie,  was,  that  the  said1  Abbesse 
16  shold1  withdraw  her  speche  *  the  which  she  hadde  ayenst  the  Nether- 
said1  Symond1  afore  the  kyngis  Justice  at  Westmynster,  So  that  Godstow 

the  forsaid1  Symond1  shold1  be  with-out  harmes.     And  for  this  sla^}  ,dr°P 

suit  begun 

wttAdrawyng1,  J>e  said1  Symond1  and  his  heires  shold1  acquyte  for  against  sir 
20  ever  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and  Couente  of  Godestowe,  of  a  seruyce  vided  he^as 

' 


that  Robert  Brus2  and  Peter  asrugge  asked  of  the  same  3  in  the 
towne  of  Rysyndon),  And  he  shold1  be  a  mene  4  bitwene  hem  for  Godstow 
this  aquytyng!,  after  that  the  charter  of  ther  auncetours  wit-  feudal 
24  nessen).     And  yf  hit  so  happened1  that  the  forsaid1  Symond1  or  duties- 
his  heires  myght  breke  5  the  forsaid1  seruyce,  the  Abbesse  and 
Couent  shold1  paye  half  of  the  costis  of  them.     Into  witnesse, 
&  cetera. 

1  Latin  '  loquela,'  i.  e.  law-plea.  5  i.e.  if   Sir    Simon  is   able  to  get  it 

2  '  le  Brua  '  and  '  de  Asrugge.'  annulled  by  a  suit  at  law,  Godstow  will 

3  i.e.  of  Godstow.  pay  half-costs  of  the  suit. 

4  Latin  is  '  sicut  medii.' 


Gloucestershire :   If  Thormerton 


[TORMARTON.] 

[NOTE. — This  rent-charge  presents  some  difficulty.  It  is  mentioned  in  Henry  II's 
third  charter  (no.  886),  1182,  and  in  pope  Celestine  Ill's  charter  (no.  902),  1192  : 
but  it  does  not  occur  in  pope  Nicholas  IV's  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,  1291,  and  therefore 
seems  lost  or  alienated  before  that  date.] 


*  leaf  XV 
or  27. 

About 
1180. 

Grant  to 

Godstow, 

by  Nicholas 

Muton, 

[Nun's 

dower.] 

of  a  rent- 
charge. 


[193.]     *  Chartur  of  Nicholas  muton1  of  ij.  sendees2  of 

rent. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is  that  Nicholas  muton)  & 
Marye  hys  wyfe,  with  consent  of  hys  heyrys,  gafe  &  grauntyde 
in-to  perpetuaft  almys,  to  god  &  to  ou?  lady  &  to  seynt  John 
baptiste  &  to  b®  churche  of  Godestowe  &  to  the  mynchons  ]>ere  4 
seruynge  god,  ij.  shelynge  worthe  of  rent  in  thormerton  with 
he?  dowhter  alij,  yerly  to  be  payde  att  whytsontyde,  of  a  yerde 
londe  be  whyche  Bobert  cheppe  helde :  these  beynge  wytnes  & 
cetera :  and  is  with-out  date.  8 


[194.     *  Charter  of  Philip  of  Muton. 

PHILIP  of  Muton,  and  his  wife  Ysoulde,  for  the  health  of 
their  souls  gave  to  Godstow  2s.  sterling  yearly  rent,  which 
they  were  wont  to  receive  from  Sir  Nicholas  of  Muton,  so  that 
Godstow  might  have  it  from  Hugh  pincerna,  a  free  tenant,  half-  i  a 


*  Ex- 
chequer 
MS.  leaf 
185. 

Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  Philip 
of  Muton, 

as  overlord,   yearly  at  Whitsuntide  and  Easter3.] 
of  no.  193.       * 


*Rawl. 
MS. 

leaf  XV 
or  27. 
1255, 
June. 
Decision  in 
favour  of 
Godstow, 
against 
Hugh 
Boteler, 


[195.]     *  A  finaH  concorde  I-made  of  the  rent  of 
thormerton. 

THYS  was  ]>Q  finaft  concorde  I-made  in  f>e  kynges  cowrt  at 
Glowcetur  fro  trmite  soneday  in-to  thre  wokes,  lpe  ye?  of  the 
reyne  of  kynge  henry,  lp6  sone  of  kynge  lohn,  xxxix,  a-fore  lohn  16 
abbot    of    peturborowe,    Mastur  Symond?  wauton,    Eobert   of 
shotyndon,  Nicholas  hanlo,  and  lohn  Caue,  Justices  iurnayinge, 
&  olper  trewe  men  of  \>Q  kynges  ]>ere  beyng1  present,  by-twene 
Emme,  abbas  of  Godestowe,  playnynge,  by  william  of  vpton  20 
I-put  in  he?  stede  to  gete  or  to  lese.  &  hugh  butuler  of  thor- 


1  '  de  Muthona '  in  the  Latin. 

2  The  Latin  is  'duas  solidatas';    from 
which  soudte  would  be  a  French  derivative, 


cp.  sou. 

8  No  doubt  in  error  for  Martinmas. 


Gloucestershire  :  ^  Thormerton  159 

merton,  defender,  of  xxx.  shillings  ]>Q  whych  were  by-hynde  to 
J?e  same  abbas  of  a  yerly  rent  of  ij.  shillings  f>e  whyche  he  owyd 
to  hyr,  and  whe?-of  hyt  was  I-pleid  by-twene  hem  in  the  same 
4  court,  J?at  is  to  say,  f>at  f e  same  hugh  butuler  made  a 
recogniscion  &  grauntyd,  for  hym-selfe  &  for  hys  heyrys,  that  for  pay- 
they  forth-fore warde  sholde  pay  euery  yere  to  the  seyde  abbas, 
&  to  o\>er  abbasses  succedynge  hy?,  &  he?  churche  of  Godestowe,  of  3S- 
8  ij.  shillings  at  two  for  my  s,  that  is  to  sey,  half  at  Marty  n-masse 
&  Ipai  ofyer  halfe  at  wytsonetyde :  &  fur)w-more  the  same  hugh  and 
gafe  to  fe  fore-seyde  abbas  xxx.  shillings  for  hys  arreragys :  & 
for  thys  recognicion,  graunt,  gyfte,  fyne,  &  a-corde,  f>e  fore-seyde 

12  abbas  relesyd  &  claymyd-quite  to  f>e  fore-seyde  hugh  alt   f>e   Godstow 
harmys  of  here-selfe  &  of  he?  churche,  ])Q  whyche  harmys  she 
seyde  f>[at]  she  had  by  J>e  occasion  of  J?6  witAholdynge  of  the 
fore-seyde  rent  vn-to  the  day  of  f>e  a-corde  I-made ;  and  yf  hyt 

16  happy n  Ipai  f>e  fore-seyde  hugh  or  hys  heyrys  fayle  in  f>e  paynge 

of  the  fore-seyct  rent  at  ony  tmne,  hyt  sholde  be  welt  lefult  to   but  reserv- 
lpe  same  abbas  &  abbasses  olper  succedynge  to  her,  &  to  he?  WC 


churche  a-foreseyde,  to  dystreyne  hem  by  the  catatt  in  }>«  tene-  traint- 
20  ment  Ipat  lpe  same  hugh  helde  of  \>Q  heyrys  of  phylyp  of  muton 
in  thormerton  f>e  day  Ipat  J?e  a-corde  waa  I-made  &  I-founde,  to 
full  payment  of  J>e  seyde  rent  foreuer. 

[196.]      *A   fynatt    accorde    I-made    bitwene    Emme,  *leafi5i, 
abbesse  of  Godestowe,  and  hugh  Boteler  of  Thor-  back' 

1255,June. 
mertofi),  &  cetera. 

THE    sentence  of  this   writyng1  is,  that   ther  was  a   fynalt  Duplicate 

24  accorde  I-made,  in  the  kyngis  courte  at  Gloucester,  fro  the  day 

of  the  holy  Trynyte  into  thre  wokis,  xxxix  **.  yere  of  the  reigne 

of  kyng1  henry  the  sone  of  kynge  lohn,  afore  lohn,  abbot  of  wording. 

Petir-borough ;  maister  Symond1  Wauton) ;   Robert  Shotyndon) ; 

28  Nicholas  hanle  ;   and  lohn  kaue,  lusticis  lurneyng1,  and  olper 

trew   men   of  the   kyng1  ther  beyng1  present,  bitwene  Emme, 

abbesse  of  Godestowe,  playner,  by  walkelyn)  of  vpton)  I-sette  in 

her  stede  to  wyfD  or  to  lese,  And  hugh  Boteler  of  Thormerton), 

32  deforces,  of  xxx.  shillings,  the  which  were  behynde  to  the  same 

Abbesse  of  yerely  rente  of  ij.  shillings  that  he  owed1  to  her,  And 

wherof  hit  was  I-pleted1  bitwene  them  in  the  same  courte  :  }?at 


160 


Gloucestershire :  Thormerton 


is  to  sey,  that  the  forsaid1  hugh  knowlechecT  and  graunted1  for 
hym  and  his  heires  that  they  afterward1  shold1  yelde  euery  yere, 
to  the  said?  abbesse  and  to  other  abbessis  that  shold1  succede  to 
her  and  to  her  chirch  of  Godestowe,  ij.  shillings  at  ij.  tmnes,  4 
that   is  to  sey,  at  Martynmasse  and  the  other  half  at  Whit- 
sontyde.     And  furthermore  the  same  hugh  yaf  to  the  forsaid? 
leaf  152.    abbesse  xxx.  shillings  for  his  arreragis.     *  And  for  this  know- 
lechyng1,  graunte,  yifte,  fyne,  and  accorde,  the  Abbesse  aforseicT  8 
remitted1  and  quyte-claymecT  of  her  and  her  chirch  aforsaid?  to 
the  forseid1  hugh  aft  harmes  that  she  had1  by  the  occasion)  of  the 
witAholdyng1  of  the  forsaicT  rente  vnto  the  day  that  }?at  accorde 
was  I-made.     And  yf  hit  happened1  that  the  forsaid1  hugh  or  12 
his  heires  failed1  in  the  payment  of  the  forsaid1  rente  at  ony 
terme,  hit  shold?  be  wele  lawful!  to  the  same  Abbesse,  and  to 
other  abbesses  that  shold?  succede  to  her,  and  to  her  chirch  afor- 
saicT,  to  distreyne  them  by  ther  catatt  (in  the  tenement  that  the  16 
same  hugh  held1  of  the  heires  of  Philip  Mutton),  in  Thormerton), 
the  day  that  the  accorde  was  I-made)  I-founde,  vnto  the  full 
payment  of  the  forsaid?  rente  for  ever. 


[WlCHE.] 


*  Ex- 
chequer 
MS.  leaf 
184,  back. 
About 
1170. 
Grant  to 
Margaret  of 
Clifford,  by 
Osbert  son 
of  Hugh,  of 
a  salt-pit. 


[197. 


*  Of  the  salt-pit  in  Wiche  which  is  called 
Cow. 


OSBEKT  son  of  Hugh  gave  to  Margaret  of  Clifford,  wife  of  20 
Sir  Walter  of  Clifford,  a    salt-pit  in  Wiche  which    is  called 
Cow  *  belonging  to  his  manor  of  Wichebold.      She  gave  for  this 
a  silver  cup  to  said  Osbert,  and  another  cup  to  Hugh  his  son 
and  heir.  24 

With  the  consent  of  the  king  and  of  Osbert,  Margaret  gave 
this  to  Godstow. 

Witnesses : — Walter  Clifford  and  his  son  Richard  and  daughter 
Lucy,  William  of  Eaton,  William  of  Sireburn.]  28 


*  Exchequer 
MS.  leaf  152, 
back.  About 
1170. 

Confirmation 
to  Margaret 


[198.     *  Charter  of  Hugh  of  Sey. 

I  confirm  to  Margaret,  wife  of  Walter  of  Clifford,  the 
'  salina '  in  Wiche  which  is  called  '  vacca,'  which  she  had 
of  the  gift  of  my  lord  Osbert  son  of  Hugh. 

1  i.  e.  Cow-wich,  as  Droitwich,  Nantwich. 


Gloucestershire  :   Wiche  161 

Witnesses  :  Walter  of  Clifford  and  his  son  Walter  ;  Ralph    of  Clifford,  by 
of   Chenier;    my   wife   Lucy;    Helyas,    steward  of  Walter    f  X^8*  °f 
of  Clifford.]  in  no-  '97- 

[199.     *  Charter  of  Walter  of  Clifford,  senior.          *  Exchequer 

MS.  leaf  152, 


4      I  GIVE  to  Godstow  my  '  salina  '  in  Wiche,  which  Hethewolf  booit  1180. 

held  and  after  him  John.  Grant  to  God- 

Witnesses  :  —  Walter,  my  son  ;   Osbert,  son  of  Hugh  ;  Hugh  terof  Clifford", 

of  Sai  ;  William  of  Clifford.]  of  no-  '97- 

[200.     *  Charter  '  of  Osbert,  son  of  Hugh,  of  a  '  salina  '  *  Exche- 
in  Wiche.  £?«»• 

About 
8      I  GIVE  to  Godstow  my  '  salina'  in  Wichia  which  is  called  1180. 

'  vacca,'  which  belongs  to  my  manor  of  Wichebolt,  on  the  peti-  tion  to^ 

tion  of  Sir  Walter  of  Clifford  and  for  the  welfare  of  the  souls  { 

of  his  wife  Margaret  and  his  daughter  Kosemunde  whose  bodies  son  of 

1  2  are  there  buried,  and  with  the  assent  of  king  Henry.  overlord8  of 

Witnesses  :—  Walter  of  Clifford,  with  his   son  Richard  and   no-  '97,  and 

no.  199. 
daughter  Lucy  ;  William  of  Heton  ;  William  of  Sireburn,  with 

his  sons  Walter  and  Elias.] 

[201.     *  Charter  of  Walter  de  Clifford,  junior.        *  Exchequer 
1  6      I  CONFIKM  to  Godstow  the   'salina'  in  Wiche  which  is   About  1180. 


called  '  vacca,'  given  them  by  Osbert,  son  of  Hugh. 

Witnesses  :—  Walter  of  Clifford  senior  ;  Hugh  of  Sey  ;  Lucy    by  Walter  of 
*  a         ,»  •  1  V     j-ni.    •'  •      -i  Clifford  junior, 

oi  Sey  ;  Kalpn  ot  Chenier.  J  of  no.  199. 

1  Printed  in  Monast.  iv.  366. 


162 


HAMPSHIRE 


[EMPSHOTT.] 

[NOTE. — At  the  dissolution,  1540,  the  property  in  this  parish  was  paying  Godstow 
quit-rents  amounting  to  only  $s.  a  year  (Monctst.  iv.  375).] 


*  Ex- 
chequer 
MS.  leaf 
64,  back. 
About 
1170. 
[Nuns' 
dower.] 
Grant  to 


of  Venu3, 
of  land. 


[*DE  IMBESET. 
202.     Charter  of  William  de  Venuj 1  and  his  wife  Alis. 

SAID  "William  and  Alice  gave  to  Godstow,  with  two  daughters 
to  be  made  nuns,  all  the  land  they  had  in  Himbeset,  free  of  all 
service  save  that  of  the  king. 

Witnesses  : — Reginald,  priest ;    Walter  of  Venu}  and  Peter  4 
his  son.] 


*leafLil    [203.]     *  A  Charter  of  William  of  Venu^  of  iiij.  mark 
About  that  he  borowe&of  the  chirch  of  Godestow  to  agayrD- 

H70.  by  his  lond?  of  hymbeset  that  he  yaf  to  the  said1 

chirch  the  which  iiij.  mark^  he  shold1  paye   ayene 
x.  yere. 


Acknow- 
ledgement 
to  Godstow, 
by  William 
of  Venn? , 
of  a  loan  of 
£2  13*.  4<Z. 


[Thomas 
Becket.] 


THE    sentence  of    this   charter   is,    that   william   of    venuj 
borowed?  iiij.  markj  of  siluer  of  the  chirche  of  Godestow,  by  the 
handes  of  Osecunde  2,  abbesse,  to  bye  his  lond1  of  Hymbeset  the  8 
which  he  yaf  to  the  forsaid1  chirch.     And  the  forsaid1  william 
borowed1  the  forsaid1  iiij.  marl^,  the  same  yere  that  the  strif  was 
bitwene  kyng1  henry  the  second?  and  the  Cardenales  that  were 
I-sent  fro  Rome  to  reconsile  Thomas  the  Archebisshop^  wiih  i 
the  forsaide  kyng1.     And  the  forsaid1  william    sholcf  pay   the 
forsaid1  iiij.  mark^witAyn  x.  yere  after  the  forsaid1  terme,  or  his 
heires  yf  he  died1.     These  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 


1  Letters  indistinct : « Venus'  or  'Venns.' 

9  Possibly    'E.    secunde.'      The    Latin 

has  in  one  line  '  manu  E  *  and  the  next 


line  begins  *  secunde  abbatisse.'  In  any 
case  this  is  an  abbess  new  to  the  list  of 
Abbesses. 


Hampshire:  Hymbeset  163 

1  204.1     A  confirmacicm)  of  a  mark  of  Kent  by  lohn     About 
of  Venu3.  mo- 

THE  sentence  of  this  confirmacion)  is,  that  lohn  of  Venuj  for  Confirma- 
the  helth  of  his  sowle  and  of  his  auncetours  and  successours, 


graunted1,  and  cowfermed1  with  his  writyng1,  to  god  and  to  oure   by  Jolin  of 
4  lady  seynt  mary  and  to  seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godestow  and  to   of  rent- 
the  Abbesse  and  covent  there  servyng1  god,  a  marke  of  rent,  the   jjj^f^y 
which  william  his  grauntsire  alias  Belesire  yaf  to  hem  :  to  be   his  grand- 
hold1  and  I-had1,  to  the  same  Abbesse  and  to  the  forsaid?  covent,   William, 
8  of  hym  and  of  his  heires,  into  pure  and  perpetuel   almesse, 
takyng  therof  yerely  of  Gilbert  of  dene  and  of  his  heires  at  the 
Natiuite   of  Seynt  lohn  Baptist  viij.  shillings  iiij.  ct!   for  the   viz.  8s.  4^. 
tenauntry  that  the  forsaid1  Gilbert  of  dene  held1  of  hym  in  the  shott"** 

12  towne  of  hymbeset,  and  takyng1  of  hym-self  and  of  his  heires 

yerely  at  Mighelmasse  v.  shillings  in  the  towne  of  werdlehain.   and  5*  in 
And  hit  is  to  be  knowe  that  he  and  his  heires  shold1  warantije  to 
the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and   covent  the  forsaide  marke   of  rent 

1  6  agaynst  aft  men.  And  that  his  confirmacion)  shold1  be  stable  and 
sure,  he  sette  his  scale  to  this  present  writyng.  These  beyng1 
witnesse,  &  cetera. 


[205.]    A  charter  of  Richard?  of  Dene  of  Hymbeset  of  About 
a  relese  that  he  made  to  Emme  Abbesse  of  G-ode-  1253< 
stow  and  to  the  covent  of  the  same  of  the  lond?  of 
the  Breche  in  the  towne  of  Hymbeset. 

THE  sentence  of  this  evidence  is  this,  that  Richard1  of  dene  Quit-claim 

ao  relesecT  and  quyte-claymed1,  of  hym  and  of  his  heires,  to  Emme,  bySchard 

Abbesse  of  Godestow,  and   to   the    Covent  of  the  same  and  of  Dean, 
to  theire  successours,  aft  his  right  and  clayme  that  he  had1  or 

myght  have  in1  the  vowry  of  the  warantijyng1  the  which  he  ofawar- 

24  vowed1  to  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  of  the  lond1  of  the  breche  in  the  lands  in 
town  of  hymbeset,  the  whiche  warantised1  Thomas  of  dene  the 
whiche 2  held1  no  lond1  of  hym  and  therof  was  he 8  impleyde ;  and 

of  his  lond1  of  Hogton  he  waranti^ed  to  the  same  Thomas;  elsewhere, 

1  In  the  Latin:  'in  dotacione  warancie  2  'The  whiche'  =  who. 

quam  waranciam  vocavi  versus  praedictam  3  i.e.    Thomas,    '  et    inde    implacitatus 

abbatissatn.'  fuit.' 

M  2 


164 


Hampshire :   Hymbeset 


Godstow       and  for  this  relesse  and  quyte  clayme  the  forsaid1  abbesse  yaf  to 
\d.      kvm  yiij-  mark,  of  siluer.     Into  the  witnesse  of  that  he  put  to 
this  writyng1  his  scale.     These  beyng1  witnesse 1,  &  cetera. 


*  leaf  Lil    [206.]    *  A  Charter  of  the  fynatt  accorde  bitwene  Richard1 
tick.'  °f  Eene  and  Emme  abbesse  of  Godestowe  for  the 

1253,  July.  lond:  of  the  Breche. 


Quit-claim 

by  Richard' 
of  Dean, 


of  land  in 
Empshott, 


[-two- 
thirds.] 


THE  sentence  of  this  fynatt  [accord]  is  this,  that  there  was  4 
I-made  acorde  in  the  kyng^s  Court  at  "Westmynster,  fro  the  day 
of  Seynt  lohn  Baptist  into  xv.  dayes,  in  the  yere  of  the  reigne 
of  kyng1  Henry  the  sone  of  kyng^  lohn  xxxvij,  afore  Roger  of 
Turkelby,  Alayn)  of  Watsand1,  Gyles  of  Erdyngton),  and  william  8 
Trusseft,  Justices,  and  other  trew  liege  men  of  the  kyngis  there 
beyng1  present,    bitwene   Richard1  of  dene   and   dame   Emme, 
Abbesse  of  Godestowe,  for  the  lond1  of  the  breche,  the  whiche 
Richard1  of  dene  vowed1  to  waran^yng1  and  the  which  waran^ed  12 
to  he?  of  two  parties  of  half  a  yerde  lond1  with  the  pertynentis 
in  Hymbeset,  wherof  '  assise  of  his  auncetowrs '  was  I-meved 
bitwene  them)  in  the  same  Courte:    that  is  to  sey,  that  the 
forsaid  Richard1  knowlechecT the  forsaide  lond1  with  his  pertynentis  16 
to  be  the  right  of  the  same  Abbesse  and  of  her  chirche  of 
Godestowe.     And  for  this  recognicion),  fyne  and  accorde,  the 
same  Abbesse,  at  the  axyng1  of  the  forsaid1  Richard1,  yaf  and 
graunted1  to  Osberte  of  brech  and  to  Emme  2  his  wyf  the  forsaid1 20 
lond1  with  his  pertynentis,  to  be  had?  and   to  be  hold1,  to  the 
forsaid1  Osberte  and  Eue  and  to  the  heires  of  the  same  Eue,  of 
the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and  other  that  succede  her  for  ever,  paiyng1 
therof  by  yere  vij.    shillings  at   the  natiuite    of  Seynt   lohn  24 
Baptist,  and  do  aft  the  services  therof  the  which  longen)  to  the 
forsaid1  londl     And  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and  other  Abbesses  that 
shold?  succede  her  or  tho  that  shold?  succede  the  forsaid?  Osbert 
and  Eue  and  the  heires  shold1  warantija  the  forsaid?  lond1  with  28 
the  pertynentis  by  the  forsaid1  services  ayenst  aft  men  for  ever. 
And  furthermore  the  same  Osbert  and  Eue  graunted?  for  hym- 
self  and  for  the  heires  of  the  same  Eue  that  the  forsaid1  Abbesse 
and  other  Abbesses  that  shold?  succede  her  afterward1  shold1  have  32 
yard.  her  parke  at  her  wille  in  the  Courte  of  the  same  Osbert  and  Eue 

1  Witnesses :  John  of  Stane,  Thomas  Makarel,  James  of  Norton,  Robert  of  Wodecote. 

2  « Eue,'  below. 


and  grant 
of  the  land 


to  Osbert  of 
brech  and 
his  heirs 

at  a  quit- 
rent  of  75. , 


reservingto 
Godstow 
the  right  of 
imparking 


Hampshire :  Farindon  165 

and  the  heires  of  the  same  Eue  in  the  same  towne,  to  put  ther 
bestis  there  to  be  inparkecT,  with-out  any  agayn)  seiyng1  or  lette 
of  the  same  Osbert  and  Eue  and  her  heires  for  ever. 


[FARKINGDON.] 

[NOTE.  —  This  pension  of  £i  was  still  paid  (Monast.  iv.  375)  to  Godstow  at  the 
dissolution,  1540.] 

[207.]    *  Chartur  of  Richard?1,  bisshop  of  Exetur,  for  xx.  *  leaf 
shillings  of  J?e   churche   of   G-lowcetur   and   of   xx  52t 
shillings  of  J?e  churche  of  Ferendon.  113t- 

THE  sentence  of  Jris  chartur  is  Ipat  Richard  l,  bi  Ipe  grace  of  Grant  to 
god1  bisshop  of  exetttr,  gafe  &  grauntid1  to  Ipe  holi  minchons  of  by  RobTrt, 


Godestowe  xl.  shillings,  into  perpetuel  almis  euiri  ye?,  Ipat  is  to 
sei,  in  f>e  churche  of  owre  ladi  of  Gloucetwr,  xx  shillings,  &  in  a  pension 
8  f>e  churche  of  ferendon,  xx.  shillings  :  &  is  vrith-oute  date.  of  Farrhig- 

don  church 

[208.]      Confirmacion    of    Robert,    bisshop    of    exetur,  About 
I-made  to  Richard,  clerke,  fit}  turtain  of  the  churche  114°- 
of  farindon  excepte  xx.  shillings. 

THE  sentence  of  Ipis  confirmacion  is,  Ipat  Robert,  bisshop  of  Keserva- 
exetu?,  gafe  &  grauntid1  to  Robert,  clerke,  fit5  turtain,    in-to 
perpetuel  almis  Ipe  churche  of  farendon  excepte  alonli  xx.  shillings,  Godstow, 
12  f>e  whiche  he  gafe  yerli  of  Ipe  rentes  of  f>e  same  churche  to  Ipe  sentation 
minchons  of  godestowe  in  perpetual  almis  :  &  for-asmuch  as  he   i^c^^ent 
willid1  to  be  sure  &  stronge,  he  strengthid1  hit  with  his  writinge  toFarring- 
&  with  his  seele  :  and  is  with-onte  date.  church. 

[209.]     Chartur  of  arnulph,  bisshop   of  lexetur2,   con-  About 
firminge  fe  gifte  of  xx.  shillings  of  j>e  churche  of  1160< 
Farendon. 

16      THE  sentence  of  f>is  chartur  is  Ipat  arnulph,  bisshop  of  lexouer,  Confirma- 

grauntid1  to  Ipe  abbas  &  minchons  of  Godestowe  xx  shillings  Q^stow  of 

yerli  to  be  paid1  to  hem  of  J>e  churche  of  farendon,  in-to  perpetuel  no.  207,  by 
almis,  at  mihelmas,  euin  as  Robert,  bisshop  of  exetur,  Ipe  whiche 

1  In  error  for  Robert  (Chichester),  bishop  of  Exeter  1138-55.     See  no.  163. 
3  Sic:  for  episcopus  Lexoviensis  (of  Lisieux),  1154-72. 


166 


Hampshire :  Farindon 


the  incum- 
bent. 
*leaf 
XLII  or 
52,  back. 


had  j^e  chapleinhode  a-fore  him,  gafe  to  hem  in  f>e  dedicacion 
of  he?  churche,  &  euin  as  kinge  henri  confirmid1  *hit  to  hem  at 
Ipe  laste  with  his  chartur:  where[fore]  Ipe  fore-seide  arnulph 
willid1  &  commaundid1  J?at  who-so-euir  had1  Ipat  ehapel  of  him,  4 
how  so-euir  he  haue  hit,  ]>at  he  sholde  pai  J>e  xx  shillings  a-fore- 
seide  to  hem,  at  mihelmas,  wetA-oute  oni  dowtinge  ;  &  he  wolde 
make  hit  to-countid1  in  the  paiinge  of  his  rentis  :  &  is  \vzt7i-oute 
date.  8 


*leaf 
XLII  or 
52. 

About 
1175. 
Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow,  of 
no.  207,  by 
Kichard 
Tocliffe, 
bishop  of 
Win- 
chester 
1173-1189. 


[210.J     *  Chartur  of  'Richard,  bisshop  of  Winchester,  for 
xx  shillings  in  )>e  churche  of  Ferendoim. 

THE    sentence   of  f>is  chartitr  is,   Ipat  Richard1,  bisshop   of 
Winchester,  willid1  to  be  knowe  to  archedecuns,  denis,  &  to  a.ft 
])G  clergie  &  pepul  beinge  ]x>row  his  bisshopriche,  fat  for  J;e 
loue  of  god1,   at  J>e  peticion  of  worth!  kinge  henre  kinge  of  12 
T[n]glonde,    [he]   grauntid1  &  confirmid1  with  his  writinge  to 
)?e   holi  minchons    of  Godestowe   xx  shillings  in  J?e  churche 
of  farendon  yerli  to  be  take,  euin  as  goode  Richard,  sumtime 
bisshop  of  exetu?,  laufulli  grauntid1  &  confirmid1  with  his  writinge  16 
as  he  sawe  &  rad1:  &  is  wetA-oute  date. 


About 
1186. 


[211.]     Conflrmacion  of  lohn,  bisshop  of  exetur,  for 
IQ  same. 


Confirma 

Godstow  of  was 
no.  207,  by     his 

bishop  of 


THE  sentence  of  fis  chartur  is,  Ipat  lohn,  bisshop  of  exetu?, 
plesid1  &  wett  paide  l  of  }>e  gifte  &  confirmacion  of  Richard  2 
predecessor  Ipat  he  grauntid1  to  )?e  holi  minchons  of  Gode-  20 
stowe  of  J?e  rente  of  xx.  shillings  yerli  to  be  take  of  J?e  churche 
°f  farendon  at  mihelmas  :  &  f>erfore  he  strengthid1  hit  with  the 
auttorite  of  his  writinge  &  J>e  surete  of  his  seele  :  &  is  wetA-oute 
date.  24 


*  leaf  XLII  or  52,  back. 
About  1190. 

Confirmation  to  Godstow,  of 
no.  207,  by  Godfrey  de  Lucy, 
bishop  of  Winchester  1 189- 
1204. 


[212.]  *  Chartur  of  Godefrei,  bisshop  of 
Winchester,  confirminge  J?e  chartur  of 
Robert,  bisshop  of  exetur,  for  }>e  same 


1  The  Latin  has  (donacionem)  '  gratam  et  ratam  habere.' 


2  Robert. 


Hampshire  :  Farindon  167 

[213.]     Chartur  of  petur,  bisshop  of  win-  About  1205. 
ohMUr,  conflrminge>e  graunt  of  God- 

efre  &  Bofcert,  bishoppis  of  Winchester1,   des  Koches,  bishop  of  win- 
for  J?e  same  pension  of  farindon. 

[214.]     A  sentencial  iugement  of  J?e  xx.  shillings  of  J>e     1247, 
churche  of  farindon. 

THE  sentence  of  Ipis  iugement  shortli  is,  ])at  a  delegacie  was  Godstow 
made  to  Ipe  prior  of  Einisham,  bitwene  maister  lohn,  person  of  a  decision  of 
Farindon,  &  be  abbas  &  couent,  to  determe  be  riht  bitwene  hem  the  pope's 

Q.nmrms- 

4  for  xx.  shillings  of  rent  yerli   to  be  paid?  of  J>e  churche  of  sionerscon- 
farindon,  of  Ipe  whiche  yerli  pension  j?ei  had  be  in  possession  in  themtheir 
time  oute  of  minde,  fro  Ipe  paiment  of  Ipe  whiche  xx.  shillings  2°s-  yearly 
Ipe  fore-seide  person  had1  cesid?  bi  }?e  space  of  v.  yere,  &  J^erfore  out  of 
8  J?ei  askid1  him  to  be  compellid1  Iperof  affcurwarde,  &  also  Ipe 
arrerages;  &  Ipei  shewioT  he?  possession  &  askinge,  sauinge  to 
hem  Ipe  benefice  of  lawe.     At  the  laste,  aftur  mani  respites  of 
deliberacion  grauntid1,  moni  excepcioura  &  defensis  &  replicasions 

12  I-pwrposicT,  &  a  bisi  tretinge  I-made  bitwene  hem,  bi  J:e  com- 
mune assent  of  bofe  perteis,  f>ei  submittid  hem  to  Ipe  ordinans 
of  Ipe  fore-seide  delegate;  &  he,  bi  fe  auctorite  of  fe  pope 
committid1  &  also  ordinarie  to  him,  of  Ipe  consent  of  boj?e,  & 

16  counceft  of  wise-men  &  of  men  of  lawe,  fe  processe  bi-fore  had" 
&  aft  ofer  thinges  requisite,  crdeinid1  J>at  ]?e  fore-seide  maistur 
lohn  sholde  pai  in  Ipe  name  of  f>e  seide  churche  of  farindow  for 
euer  Ipe  fore-seide  pension  of  xx  shillings  yerli  at  too  termis  of  and  bind- 

20  J?e  yere  to  }?e  fore-seide  abbas  &  Couent,  biginninge  Ipe  firste 
terme  at  mihelmas  Ipai  was  next  &  at  estur  next  folowinge, 
&  for  Ipe  arereges  Ipe  same  person  sholde  pai  xx  shillings.      Also  for  ever. 
f>at  J>is  pronuwcinge  &  crdeininge  sholde  be  sure  &  stronge,  f>e 

24  bothe  pertis  con^enticT  for  hem-selfe  &  he?  successours  Ipai  he 
miht  compelle,  bi  oure  delegat  &  ordinari  power*,  Ipe  parte  Ipat 
wolde  be  ageiniste  f>is  ordinaunce  to  Ipe  kepinge  of  Ipis  pro- 
mmcinge  &  ordeininge  bi  Ipe  censu?  of  f>e  churche.  In-to  witnes 

28  of  Ipis  he  sette  his  seele  to  f>is  writinge,  I-made  like  a  charter, 


I-actid1  &  do  Ipe  ye?  of  ou?  lorde  Mille^'mo  CCxlvij,  f  e  twiusdai  Thomas 
next  aftur  Tpe  translacion  of  seint  Thomas  Ipe  martir.  7  July.] 

1  In  error  for  '  Godfrey,  bp.  of  Winchester,  and  Robert,  bp.  of  Exeter.' 


168 


Hampshire :   If  Clere 


[KING'S  CLERE.] 


*  leaf  XX 
or  31. 
About 
1160. 
Sale  to 
Godstow,by 
William  of 
Salueruille, 
of  land 
called 
1  Clere 
preyet,' 
subject  to 
225.  quit- 
rent. 


Purchase- 
money, 
£3  i&>.  4d. 
and  two 
silver  cups. 


About 
1180. 


Sale  to 
Henry  II, 
by  Man- 
asses  of 
Salueruille, 
of  the  land 
of '  Clere 
prevet.' 
Purchase 
money, 
£16  13*.  ^d. 


About 
1180. 

*  leaf  XX 
or  81, 
back. 


[See  also  under  Knowle  and  Woolverton.] 

[215.]     *Chartur  of  william  saluernille  of  J>e  londe  of 
Clere  preuet  by  ]>e  name  of  heritage  I-grauntyd1. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  J»at  william  of  Saluernille 
grauntyd  &  gaf  to  edyue,  of  Godestowe  abbas,  &  to  he?  church, 
hys  londe  of  clere  preuet  to  hold1  &  to  haue,  by  \>6  name  of 
herytage,    of  hym    &    of  hys  heyrys,   frely  &   quietly  of  aft  4 
customys  &  aft  thynges  longynge  to  hys  lordys  &  to  hym  &  to 
hys,  oute-take  towarde  f>6  kynge.    And  Ediue  &  here  successours 
of  \>Q  same  place  sholde  pay  [y]erly  xxij  shillings  at  inorton,  &  by 
twey  termys,  in  f>e  myddyl  of  lente,  xj  shillings,  &  at  Mihelmas,  8 
xj.  shillings:    &  he  made  ]>js  graunt  &  gyft  to  be  gyvyn  by 
molde  hys  wyfe  and  Gilbert  hys  sone  &  manasse  hys  sone  & 
Robert  hys  sone.     And  dame  Ediue  gafe  to  hym  for  hys  graunt 
&  for  hys  gyfte  v.  marke  of  syluyr,   &   to   hys   wyfe  molde  12 
vj   shillings  viij  dl,   &  to  Gilbert  hys    sone   ij  shillings  &  to 
coppis  of  siluyr,  &  to  manasse  hyr  sone  xviij  d1,  &  to  Robert 
he?  sone  xviij  d1:  &  is  wttA-oute  date. 

[216.]     Chartur  of  manasse  of  saluernille  of  be  londe 
of  Clere. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  Ipat  manasse  of  Saluernille,  16 
by  J>e  assent  and  consent  of  hys  wyfe  &  of  hys  heyrys,  solde  hys 
londe  of  clere  preuet  f>e  whyche  william  serle  helde,  to  kynge 
henry  f>e  sone  of  molde  the  imperasse,  for  xxv.  marke,  lowse,  fre, 
&  quiete  fro  aft  seruice  longynge  to  hym  &  to  hys  heyrys,  20 
sauynge  })e   seruice  of  hys  lorde  waiter  of  Chauseye :    &   is 
wit^-out  date. 

[217.]     Chartur  of  Manasse  saluernille  of  J>e  londe  of 
Clere. 

*  THE  sentence  of  }>ys  chartur  is,  fat  manasses  of  saluernille 
&  Robert  hys  broker  &  molde  hys  modur  gaf,  &  graunticT,  to  24 
god  &  to  owre  lady  seynt  marie  &  to  seynt  lohn  baptiste  of 


Hampshire  :  ^  Kyngysclere  169 

Godestowe  &  to  f>e  holy  mynchons  Ipere  seruynge  god,  her  londe   Sale  to 
fat  william  sorel  helde,  to  be  holde  of  hem  &  of  her  heyrys  for   Harasses  y 


euyr,   frely  &  quietly  fro  aft   seruices  &   aft  customys  &  aft 

4  thyngtfs  bof  e  to  J?e  kynge  &  also  to  he?  olper  lordys  &  to  hem  land) 

sylf  &  to  he?  heyrys  longynge,  paynge  yerly  xxv.  shillings  at  subject  to 

Mortun,  &  by  twey  tmnys,  fat  is  to  sey,  xij  shillings  vj  cT  in  rent. 


myd-lente,  &  xij  shillings  vj  cT.  at  Myhelmasse :  &  fat  f  ys  gyft   Purchase- 
&  graunt  shulde  be  firme  &  sure,  f  e  churc 
to  hem  xxvij  shillings :  &  is  with-out  date. 


8  &  graunt  shulde  be  firme  &  sure,  lpe  churche  of  Godestowe  gaf  £i7S.  ' 


[218.]     *  Chartur  of  rualde  wodecote  of  fe  ryht  fat  he  *ieafxx 
had?  of  a  yerde  londe  of  Cleite  fat  is  callid1  bastarde.       About 

1200? 
THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  fat  Rualde  of  wodecote,  by  Quit-claim 

\)&  prayers  of  hys  wyfe  Aaline  &  of  henry  hys  hey?  &  by  f  e 
12  consent  of  hys  olper  chyldyrn,  relesyd?  &  quieie  claymyd1  aft  hys 

quarel  &  aft  hys  ryht,  yf  he  had  ony,  in  the  yerde  londe  of  clere  a  yardland 
f  e  whyche  is  callid?  a  yerde  of  bastard1,  &  in  olper  londys  Iper- 
vppon  f  e  londys  of  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  for  J>e  loue  of  god? 
16  &  of  seynt  John  baptiste  &  for  lpe  sowlys  of  hys  fadur  &  modur,   lands, 
to  f>e  mynchous  of  Godestowe  )?e  whiche  he  louyd1  in  criste :  & 
Ipai  Ipjs  reles  &  quiete-clayme  shulde  be  sure  he?-aftur,  he  made 
hyt  stronge  by  puttynge  to  of  hys  seaft.     He  made  J>ys  relese 
20  &  quite  clayme  in  \>e  shyre  of  wynchestur.     Furfermore  he  &   and  grant 
hys  heyrys  grauntid1  &  gaf  to  f>e  foreseyde  mynchons  on  londe   by  him  of^ 
Ipat  herreuarde  helde  of  hym,  paynge  to  hym  Iperof  yerly  to   ^^J^d'8 

fatte  hennys  at  Martyn-masse  :  &  is  wit^-out  date.  quit-rent, 

two  fat 
hens. 

[219.]     *A  Chartur  of  Robert  Cnolle  for  wodys.  *ieafxxi 

or  33, 

24  THE  sentence  of  thys  euydence  is,  Ipat  a  couenaunt  was  made 
by-twene  f>®  lady  of  Godestowe  &  her  couent  &  by-twene 
Robert  Cnolle  &  hys  heyrys,  ])at  is  to  sey,  Robert  Cnott  &  hys 
heyrys  quite-claymyd1  to  ])Q  lady  of  Godestowe,  &  to  fe  couent 

28  ther  Also,  aft  hys  clayme  &  ryht  fat  f>ey  seydyn  hem-selfe  to   of  all  title' 
haue  in  Williamsmore  &  in  delthegroue  &  shortgroue,  so  Ipat  lpe 
seyd?  Robert  Cnolle  ne  none  of  hys  heyrys  sholde  not  haue  no 
clayme  afturward1  in  f>e  foreseyde  grouys  &  londys  toward1  f>e 

32  foreseyde  Abbas  &  couent  of  Godestowe,  but  Ipat  f>e  Abbas 
&  mynchons  of  Godestowe  sholde  haue  &  holde  f>e  foreseyde 


170 


Hampshire :   H  Kyngysdere 


and  quit- 
claim, by 
G-odstow,  to 
Robert  of 
Knowle,  of 
all  title  in 
Northlye. 


[Exaltation 
of  Cross  = 
Sept.  14,] 
[Sandford.] 


grouis  &  f  e  fore-seyde  londis,  Mvith  aft  lpe  pertinences,  well  &  in 
peece  and  worshypfully,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  as  well 
frely  &  surely  as  ony  almys  may  be  had  &  holde:   for  thys 
quiete-clayme  &  graunt,  lpQ  fore-seyde  felice,  Abbas,  &  mynchons  4 
of  Godestowe,  grauntyd1  &  quite-claymid?  to  f  e  fore-seyde  Robert 
Cnolle  &  to  hys  heyrys  all  her  clayme  &  ryht  fat  f  e  seyd?  Abbas 
&  mynchons  had?  in  Northlye,     Also  hyt  is  to  be  knowe  fat 
henry,  than  sty  ward  e  of  Godestowe,  suryd?  hys  trowthe  for  the  8 
Abbas  &  couent  fys  couenant  to  be  kepycT:   &  fe  fore-seyde 
Robert  of  knolle  Also,  vppon  hys  party,  plyht  hys  trowthe  to 
holde  fys  eouenant  for  hym  &  hys  heyrys :  Thys  was  do,  f  e 
wodynsday  a-fore  fe  holy  rode  day  in  heruiste,  in  fa  fuli  court  12 
of  f  e  Abbas  at  santforde,  the  ye?  of  the  incarnacion  of  ou?  lorde 
M°CCxix°,  f  e  secuwde  ye?  of  kynge  henry  f  e  sone  of  kyng  lohn. 
And  fat  fys  graunt  &  couenant,  as  hyt  is  seyde  by-fore,  sholde 
obteyne  ferme  &  stronge  surenesse,  hyt  was  confermycT  by  f e  16 
settynge  of  seelys  of  bof  e  parties  :  &  is  without  date. 


*  leaf  XIX  [220.J  *  Of  a  fine  I-leueyicT  in  f  e  kynges  court  a-geynyste 
las8!?,'  Oct.  Koger l  mortmer. 


Verdict  in 
favour  of 
Godstow, 


claiming 
that 
William 
Nefmeynil 
is  responsi- 
ble for 
feudal  ser- 
vices due  to 
Ralph  of 
Mortimer, 
the  over- 


THYS  was   J?e   final   a-corde  made  in  j)e  kynges  courte   at 
westmynster  fro  \*  day  of  seynt  Myheft  in-to  j.  monethe,  ]>Q 
xiiij.  ye?  of  J>e  reyne  of  kynge  henry  fe  sone  of  kynge  lohn,  20 
a-fore    Thomas    Miletow,    william    Ralegh,    Robert    lexinton, 
william  of  lpe  He,  william  london,  maystur  Robert  of  sherdelawe, 
Raf  Norwyche,  &  Richard  Rycger,  Justices,  &  olper  trewe  men 
of  £e  kynges  Ipere  J?en  beynge  present,  by-twene  amyfelyse2,  24 
abbas  of  Godestowe,  playnynge  by  reynolde  porter  I-sette  in 
he?  stede  to  gete  or  to  lese,  &  william  Nefmeynil,  deforcynge, 
of  f>e  seruyce  fat  Rapt  Mortmer  askyth  of  lpQ  fore-seyde  abbas 
of  a  fre  tenement  fat  she  hylde  of  hym  in  clere,  where-of  fe  28 
seyde  abbas  playnyoT  fat  fe  foreseyde  wilKam  aquitid?8  not  hyr 
a-geynyst  fe  seyde  Raph,  f6  same  william  cesyd1,  he  was  meene 
by-twene  hem ;  &  whe?-of  hyt  was  pletycl  by-twene  hem  in  f e 
fore-seyde  courte,  fat  is  to  say,  fat  fe  fore-seyde  william  made  32 


1  In  the  Latin  also  it  is  '  Roger  '  in  the 
rubric,  '  Ralph  '  in  the  text. 

3     <    Amif^liin  '    ?r>    T.Q  +  ?ri 


Amifelisa '  in  Latin. 


3  In  the  Latin  :  '  non  acquietavit  earn 
versus  praedictum  Radulphum  :  desinit : 
idem  Willelmus  niedius  est.' 


Hampshire:  H  Kyngysdere  171 

a  knowlech  fe  fore-seyde  tenement  wiih  fe  pertinences  to  be  lord, 
ryht  of  fat  abbas  &  of  he?  churche  of  Godestowe,  to  be  had  &   freehoid 


holde  to  fe  same  abbas,  &  to  olper  abbasys  fat  sholde  succede 

4  to  he?,  &  to  he?  church  of  Godestowe,  of  f  e  foreseyde  william  conveyed  to 

&  hys  heyrys,  in-to  fre  pu?  &  perpetuel  almys  for  euyr,  so  fat 

lpe   foreseyd1  william    &   hys   heyrys    sholde   acquite    aft    the 

foreseyde  tenement  towarde  the  foreseyde  Kaf  &  hys  heyrys  of 

8  aft   seruices   and  customys   &   aft    demaundys   as  hys  pu?  & 

perpetuel  almys  for  euyr  :  &  for  thys  recogniscion,  acquietance,   Godstow 

fine  &  concorde,  fe  foreseyde  abbas  relesyd?  &  claymyd?  quite  of 

he?   &   ofyer  abbassys   succedynge   he?   &   of  he?   churche  of 

1  2  Godestow  to  the  foreseyde  william  &  to  hys  heyrys  aft  harmys 

fat  she  had  by  the  distreynynge  made  to  her  fore  f  e  fore-seyde 

seruice  by  defaute  of  f  e  seyde  william. 


[221.]     *  Chartur  of  william  fit}  Robert  of  Cnolle  of  an  *  *e3a|XXI 
acre  londe  in  C[l]ere.  About 

1240. 

THE  sentence  of  f  ys  chartur  is,  fat  wyllyam  fitj  Robert  of  Grant  to 
1  6  Cnoft,  by  the  assent  &  consent  of  aline  hys  wyfe  &  of  wyllyam  by  William 


hys  fyrst  sone,  gaf,  grauntid1,  &  cowfirmyd1  by  hys  wrytynge,  to 
god  &  to  f  e  hows  of  seynt  John  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  f>e 
holy  mynchons  there  seruynge  god,  for  f  e  helthe  of  hys  sowle  & 

20  of  hys  aunceturs  &  successours,  on  acre  of  londe  in  -fe  felde  of  an  acre, 
of  Clere  the  whych  is  callid   Ramisholte,  the   whyche   lyeth 
by-twene  fe  londe  of  wolferton  &  fe  londe  of  santforde,  strecch-  [Woolver- 
ynge  fro  fe  sowfe  toward1  J>e  northe  ;    Also  j  corner  of  londe  in  ford.] 

24  strokynges  croft  vppon  fe  northe  syde,  for  fe  whyche  he  was   a  Piece  of 
wonyd1  sum  tyme  to  take  yerly  fowre  horsshone  of  rent  ;  Also  on  [Rent= 


dyche,  I-take  &  leueyd1  of  hys  londe  &  I-cast  vppon  hys  londe, 

that  depertyth  vppon  J?e  efct  syde  fe  londe  of  santford1  &  vppon  and  a  ditch. 

28  f>e  west  syde  hys  londe  of  Cnoft,  &  hyt  strecchyt[h]  hyt-selfe  fro  ])  e 
sowfe  syde  of  J?e  horscrofte  towarde  J>e  norfe  vn-to  an  angle  or 
a  corner  of  Tudenhuft  :  to  be  holde  &  to  be  had  to  hem,  with- 
oute  ony  a-geynyste  seynge  of  men  or  women,  in-to  fre  quiet  & 

32  perpetuel  almus  :  &  Ipat  more  certeyn  truste  myht  be  gyf  &  had1 

*to  thys  gyft  graunt  &  confirmacion,  he  put  to  thys  wiytynge   *  leaf  XXI 
hys  seele  :  and  is  wtt^-oute  date.  back.' 


172 


Hampshire :  1f  Clere 


*  leaf 
XXII  or 
33,  back. 
1258,  Oct. 

Agreement 
between 
Godstow 
and  Roger 
of  Mor- 
timer, 


by  which 
Godstow 
quit- 
claimed to 
him  135.  4d. 
yearly  out 
of  Withy 
mill,  as  also 
the  arrears 
(£10138.4^.), 
and  he  quit- 
claimed to 
Godstow  all 
title  in  the 
tenement 
and  paid 
£8. 


[222.]  *A  finatt  a-corde  by-twene  the  Abbas  of 
Godestowe  &  William  of  clere1  of  a  yerly  rent 
of  a  marke. 

THYS  was  fe  final  a-corde  I-made  in  the  kynges  court  at 
westmynster  fro  the  day  of  seynt  Myhel  in-to  iij.  wokys,  the 
xlij.  yere  of  fe  reyne  of  kynge  henry  fe  sone  of  kynge  lohn, 
a-fore  Roger  of  Turkelby,   Gilbert  of  preston,  &  Nicholas  of  4 
hanlo,  Justices,  &  a-fore  of  er  trewe  men  of  the  kynges  then  f  e? 
beynge  present,  by-twene  Emyne,  Abbas  of  Godestowe,  playner, 
by  wakelyne  of  Godestowe  in  he?  stede  for  to  gete  or  to  lese,  & 
Roger  of  Mortmer,  deforcyd1,  by  amyse  of  pelethorp  in  hys  stede  8 
to  gete  or  to  lese,  xvj.  Marke  f e  whyche  we?  by-hynde  to  f e 
same  abbas  of  a  yerly  rent  of  a  marke  f  e  whyche  he  owyd1  to 
hyr  of  a  mylle  in  withye,  where-of  hyt  was  pleyd  by-twene  hem 
in  fe  same  courte :    fat  is  to   sey,  fat    fe   fore-seyde  Abbas  12 
relesyoT  &  quite-claymyd1,  of  hyr  &  of  hyr  successours  &  of  hyr 
churche  of  Godestowe,  to  f e  fore-seyde  Roger  &  to  hys  heyrys, 
aft  here  ryht  and  clayme  fat  she  had1  in  f e  fore-seyde  yerly  rent 
&  Also  in  f e  foreseyde  arreragijs  for  euyr.    And  for  thys  releys,  16 
quite-clayme,  fine,  &  a-corde,  fe  same  roge?  relesyd1  &  quite- 
claymyoT  of  hym  &  of  hys  heyrys  to  the  foreseyde  Abbas,  & 
to  of  er  abbasses  fat  sholde  succede  to  hyr,  &  to  hyr  churche 
a-foreseyde,  aft  hys  ryht  &  clayme  fat  he  hadcT  in  aft  fat  rent  &  20 
tenement  with  f  e  pertinences  fat  f e  same  abbas  &  hur  churche 
a-fore-seyde  helde  in  fee  in  f  e  paryshe  of  kynges  Clere,  the  day 
fat  f  is  a-corde  was  made,  for  euyr :  &  furf  ermore  f e  same  roger 
gaf  to  f e  foreseyde  Abbas  xij.  Marke  of  siluer.  24 


*  leaf  xx    [223.]     *Chartur  of  lohn  Chapleyn  of  Clere  in  ]>Q  towne 

Sacl1'  of  kynges  Clere. 

About 

THE  sentence  of  thys  cbartur  is,  that  lohn  of  Mylle,  chapeleyn, 

to  Godstow,   gaf  &  grauntyd,  &  confirmyd  with  hys  wrytynge,  to  god  &  to 
the  clmrclie  of  ou?  lady  &  of  seynt  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe 
&  to  fe  mynchons  fere  seruynge  god1  and  to  serue  for  euyr,  hys  28 
oon  croft  in  kyngys  clere,  tne  whyche  he  bowht  of  william 
Cnolle,  the  whyche  is  callyd1  denpurcut,  &  lythe  by-twene  f  e 


croft, 


1  In  the  MS.,  no.  224  immediately  preceded,  and  its  rubric  has  been  repeated  in  error. 


Hampshire:   1f  Clere  173 

londe  of  J?e  fore-seyde  mynchons  of  Godestowe  (f>e  whyche  londe 
is  callicT  Tay  wyerescroft)  &  }>e  kyngys  wey  (f>6  whyche  ledythe 
fro  kyngys  clere  toward1  *  weymismytt)  &  strecchythe  hyt  selfe  *  leaf  XXI 
4  fro  f>e  northe  in-to  f>e  southe  :  fe  seyd1  crofte  to  be  had1  &  to  be   or  32' 
holde,  wiih  aft  hys  pertinences,  to  f>e  fore  seyde  mynchons  &  to  to  be  held 
he?  successours,  frely  &  quietly,  pesybly  &  holly,  in-to  fre  & 


perpetual  almus,  of  hym  &  of  hys  heyrys  &  to1  hys  assynys,   c{j)iefl(JJ'1d'a 
8  payuge  Iperof  yeiiy  to  the  chyfe  lorde  of  f>e  fee  j.  clowe  gylofer  flower,  to 
at  myhel-masse,  [&]  to  hym  &  to  hys  heyrys  or  to  hys  assynys  j.  {o 
rose  at  mydsonmr  for  aft  seruices,  fat  is  to  sey,  for  sewte  of 
cowries  of  shyrys,  hundredys,  lawday,  &  for  alt  seculer  seruices 

la  &  demaundys:  &  ])e  seyde  lohn  &  hys  heyrys  or  hys  assynys 
warantijed1,  acquited)  &  defendycT  to  the  fore-seyd?  mynchons  & 
to  he?  successours  the  fore-seyde  crofte,  with  aft  hys  pertinences 
&  fredoms  by-fore  wrete,  for  euyr,  ageynyst  aft  pepuft  ;  &  f>at 

16  hys  gyft  graunte  &  confirmacion  sholde  be  ferine  and  sure  & 
stable  for  euer,  he  strengthyd1  hyt  with  J>e  settynge  of  hys  seele  : 
&  is  with-oute  date. 

[224.]     *  A  final  a-corde  by  william  of  Clere  of  a  mese     * 

XXIX  or 
&  xx  acris  of  londe.  33,  back. 

THE  sentence  of  ]?ys  is,  Ipat  f>ys  was  a  final  a-corde  I-made  in  gale  t'o 

20  ]?e  kyngys   courte   at   westmynster   fro   trinite    soneday   in-to   Gh>dstow,by 
xv  days,  \  e  thre  &  fyfty  yere  of  lpe  reyne  of  henry  J>e  sone  of  ciere*™ 
kynge    lohn,  afore  martyn   litlebury,    Maystwr   roger  sayton, 
&  lohn  Cobham,  Justices,  &  a-fore  ofyer  trewe  men  of  lpe  kynges 

24  there  )?en  beynge  present,  by-twene  william  of  clere,  asker,  by 
Robert  of  hall  sette  in  hys  stede  to  gete  or  to  lese,  &  Emyne, 
Abbas  of  Godestowe,  holder,  by  Nicholas  of  Mungewelle  sette 
in  he?  stede  to  gette  or  to  lese,  of  a  mese  &  xx  acris  of  londe  ofames- 

28  w^tA   lpe  pertinences   in   kyngys   clere,  whe?-of  '  assise  of  hys  20  fTCres. 
auncetur  '  was  made  by-twene  hem,  Ipat  is  to  sey,  }>at  william  £^JJ  ^^ux 
relesyd1&  qmte-claymyd1,  of2  hym  &  of  2  hys  heyrys,  to  J?e  fore-   cester.] 
seyde  Abbas,  &  to  olper  Abbassys  the  whyche  sholde  succede  to 

32  here,  &  to  he?  churche  of  Godestowe,  all  the  ryht  &  clayme  fat 

he  had1  in  f>e  foreseyde  tenement  with  the  pertinences  for  euyr  :   Purchase 
and  for  J?is  reles,  quite-clayme,  fine,  &  concorde,  the  Abbas  gaf 
to  the  foreseycT  william  viij.  Marke  of  siluyr. 

1  Read  'of.'  J  Read  'for.' 


174 


*  leaf  XXI 
or  32, 
back. 
About 
1270. 
Grant  to 
Godstow,by 
Henry  of 
Edmunds- 
thorp,  of 
2  acres. 


Hampshire :   If  Kyngysdere 

[225.]     *  Chartu?  of  henry  of  Edmundusthrope  for 
ij  acris. 


[Strange 
title  of 
Godstow.J 


*leaf 
XXII  or 
33. 

About 
1280. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  John 
franklin,  of 
'  Prevet 
Croft.' 


[Woolver- 
ton.] 


THE  sentence  of  J>ys  chartur  is,  that  henry  of  Edmundisthrop 
gaf,  gmuntid,  &  confirmicT  with  hys  wrytynge,  to  god  &  to  the 
churche  of  seynt  John  baptist  of  Godestowe,  &  to  the  Abbas  & 
couent  brethyrn  &  systyrn  of  f>9  same  place  pe?  seruynge  god,  4 
in-to  pu?  &  perpetueft  almis,  for  lpe  saluacion  of  hys  sowle  &  of 
Isabel  hys  wyfe  &  for   )?e   saluacion  of  J>9  sowlis  of  aft  hys 
aunceturs  &  successours,  ij.  acris  of  londe  the  whyche  lyen  in 
the  feeldys  of  kynges  Clere,  of  ]>e  whyche  on  acre  lyeth  in  the  8 
west  feelde   at  hellenestubbe,  by-twene  the  londe  Ipat  was  of 
henry  Coke  &  J?e  londe  f>at  was  of  william  Cnoft;  &  an-of>er 
acre  lythe  in  lp6  feelde  in  lpQ  tilthe  Ipat  is  callicT  burnefurlonge, 
in  j?e  northe  parte  of  J>e  londe  Ipat  was  of  lohn  scut,  &  strecchyth  12 
hyt-sylfe  fro  f>e  west  towarde  lpe  est  vn-to  woluethelynge,  &  Ipat 
acre  is  callid1  krockeresacre.     The  fore-seyde  henry  grauntyd1  J>Q 
seyde  ij.  acris  of  londe,  with  here  pertinences,  to  be  had  &  to  be 
holde  of  hym  &  of  hys  heyrys,  to  lpe  seyde  holy  churche  of  seynt  16 
lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe,  to  J>e  Abbas  brethyrn  &  systryn  of 
]>e  seyde  holy  hous,  weft  &  in  peece,  freely  &  quietly,  hole  & 
herytably  for  euyr  ;  &  f>e  seyde  henry  &  hys  heyrys  waranti3yd? 
&  acquitecT  &  defendyd1  lpQ  seyde  ij.  acris  of  londe,  with  all  here  20 
pertinences,  to  lpe  seyde  holy  church  Abbas  &  couent  brethryn 
and  systryn  of  J>e  seyde  holy  hows  &  to  her  successours  for  euyr, 
a-geynyst  att  pepuft :    &  Ipat  hys  gyft  graunt  &  confirmacion 
myht  be  stronge  &  sure  for  euyr,  *  he  strengthyd1  hyt  with  fe  24 
puttyng1  to  of  hys  seele. 

[226.]     Cartur  of  lohn  frankeleyne  for  preuet  crofte. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  Ipat  lohn  frankeleyne  gaf, 
grauntyd1,  &  confirmyd?  with  hys  wrytynge,  to  royse  Abbas  of 
Godestowe  &  to  he?  couent,  a  crofte  of  hys  londe  of  lpQ  fee  of  28 
frollebury,  f>e  whyche  is  callycT  preuet  crofte,  &  buttythe  in 
length  toward1  J»Q  west  vppon  lpe  londe  of  f>e  seyde  abbas  & 
towarde  J>e  est  vppon  f>e  londe  of  f>e  person  of  J>e  churche  of 
wolfrynton,  &  it  lieth  in  brede  by-twene  the  londe  of  lpe  seyde  32 
Abbas  of  J?e  sowthe  partye  &  the  londe  of  william  at  groue 
vppon  f>Q  northe  syde.     Alle  J?e  fore-seyde  crofte,  with  aft  his 


Hampshire :   ^  Clere  175 

pertinences,  he  grauntycT  to  be  had  &  to  be  holde,  to  pe  fore- 
seyde abbas  &  to  he?  successours,  &  to  the  couent  of  pe  same 
place,  quietly,  frely,  pesybly,  &  holly,  in  perpetueft  ryht,  paynge 

4  per-of  yerly  to  hym  &  to  hys  heyrys  j.  cT  in  pe  feste  of  seynt   quit-rent, 
myhel  for  aft  seculer  seruice,  exaccion,  &  demaunde :    for  pe 
whyche  gyfte,  graunt,  &  confirmacion,  pe  fore-seyde  Abbas,  with 
assent  &  consent  of  aft  pe  couent  of  pe  same  place  of  Godestowe, 

8  gaf  to  hym  vj  acris  londe  in  a  felde  pat  is  callid1  pQ  breche,   in  exchange 
lyinge  by-twene  pQ  londe  pat  thomas  pykeforde  helde  of  the   ^tnT68 
foreseyde  Abbas  &  pe  wode  Ipat  is  callid1  pe  fryth,  in-to  an  Breche.' 
eschange  of  pQ  foreseyde  crofte  pat  is  callicT  praiet  croft :  &  pe 

12  seyde  lohn  franckeleyn  and  hys  heyris  warantijed1,  acquited1,  & 
defendyd?  for  euer,  pQ  seyde  crofte,  with  alle  hys  pertinences,  to 
pQ  foreseyde  Abbas  &  he?  successours,  a-geynyste  all  pepuls  :  & 
pat  hys  graunt,  gyft,  &  cowfirmacion,  sholde  be  sure  &  stable 

16  for  euyr,  he  strengthyd  hyt  with  pQ  preynt  of  hys  seele :  &  is 
witA-oute  date. 


[227.]     Chartur  of  Nicholas  of  Clere  ryal  or  kynges 
Clere  for  viij  shillings  of  rent  yerly. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  euidence  is,  pat  Nicholas  &  william  of  Grant  to 
kynges  Clere,  brethyrn,  &  he?  heyrys,  byn  holde  &  bounde  to  pQ  Nicholas'  y 

20  religius  women  j?e  Abbas  &  couent  of  Godestowe  in  viij  shillings  ?^ 
of  sterlynges,  yerly  to  be  payd1  to  hem  in  pe  feste  of  seynt  of  Clere,  of 
Myhel,  for  lohn  I-callid  Aylmer,  sum-tyme  he?  bondeman,  pQ  cha^^over 
whych  pej  gaf  to  pQ  seyde  NichoZas  &  lohn,  with  alt  hys  goodys  *£e  lands  of 

24  &  catatt  &  londis  p6  whyche  he  hytde  a-fore  of  pQ  seyde  Abbas  John 
&  couent,  as  hyt  is  conteynycT fully  in  pQ  chartur  of  pe  refeffement     y  n 
pat  pe  seyde  Abbas  &  couente  made  to  hem  vppon  these  thynges  : 
&  they  wyllyd1  &  grau^tyd?  for  hem  &  for  he?  heyrys,  by  the 

28  tenowre  of  pys  present  wrytynge,  pat  hyt  sholde  be  leffuft  to  pQ 
seyde  Abbas  &  Couent  to  entre  &  occupe  as  her  owne  pe  seyde 
londys  &  oper  thyngys  pat  }>ey  had  at  pat  tyme  &  were  to  haue 
afturwarde  in  f>e  towne  of  kynges  Clere,  &  also  to  reseyue  aft 

32  the  avaylys  of  the  same  frely  &  with-out  a-geyn  seynge  of  ony 

man,  &  to  make  distreynynge  as  they  wolde  for  pe  seyde  rent,   Powers  of 
as  ofte  as  hyt  cesycT  to  be  payd1.     They  willid1  also  &  grauntycT 
for  hem  &  for  her  heyrys  pat  pe  shreue  of  wynchester,  ]3e  whyche 


176 


[Matthias  = 
Febr.  24.] 


*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  183. 
1317, 

June  13. 

*  leaf  183, 
back. 

Grant  by 
Godstow, 
to  John 
Hereward, 
and  his 
father, 
of  life- 
interests  in 
a  yardland. 


Hampshire :   If  Clere 


is  for  lpe  tyme,  sholde  tlystreyne  hem  &  her  heyrys  to  f>e  payment 
to  be  do  in  what  wyse  he  willid,  &  for  euyry  distreynynge  j>«t 
he  dothe  to  leuey  of  he?  goodys  &  of  here  heyrys  vj  shillings 
viij.  cT.  to  hys  oune  nede  for  hys  labour,  &  vj.  shillings  viij  <T  to  4 
f>e  nede  of  the  seyde  ladyis  for  her  expenses  &  harmys  Ipai  they 
sofrecT  by  the  occasyon  of  ])Q  seyde  rent  not  I-payde  in  £>e  tyme 
I-sette.     In-to  witnes  of  f>ys  thynge  fey  put  to  thys  wrytynge 
he?  selis.    The  date  at  Godestowe,  in  £>e  morne l  of  seynt  Mathie  8 
apostle,  f>e  ye?  of  ou?  lorde  a  thousande  to  hundred1  iiij.  score 
&  iiij. 

[228.     *  Charter  of  John  son  of  Hereward. 

MARGERY   of  Dine,   abbess,   and   the  convent  of  Godstow, 
granted  to  John  son  of  John*  Hereward  the  yardland  which  12 
his  father  had  held  of  Godstow  in  Clere,  for  life-term,  paying 
7«.  yearly  by  half-yearly  payments.     If  John  the  father  overlive 
John  the  son,  then  the  said  yardland  shall  revert  in  villeinage 
at  the  old  services  to  the  father  and  his  wife  for  life-term,  but  16 
on  the  death  of  them  both  shall  fall  to  Gods-tow. 

Given  at  Godstow,  on  the  Monday  after  the  Octave  of  Trinity, 
the  i  oth  year  of  Edward  son  of  King  Edward.] 


*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  183, 
back. 
1323, 
Sept.  18. 
Grant  by 
Godstow,  to 
John  of 
North- 
weston,  of  a 
life-interest 
in  32  acres. 
[Matthew  = 
Sept.  21.] 

*  leaf  XXI 
or  32. 
133f, 

Jan.  7. 
Quit- claim 
to  Godstow, 
by  John  of 
Knowle 


[229.     *  Charter  of  land  given  to  John  of  Northweston 
in  the  field  of  King's  Clere. 

MARGERY  de  Dyne,  abbess,  and  the  convent  granted  to  said  20 
John  and  his  wife  Cristiana,  and  to  the  longer  liver  of  them, 
32  acres  in  King's  Clere  which  Richard  Wychisburi  once  held. 
They  were  to  pay  10  shillings  of  silver  yearly  for  all  services. 

Given    at    Godstow,    on    the    Sunday    before   the   feast   of  24 
St.  Matthew  the  Evangelist,  1 7  Edward  II.] 

[230.]     *  Chartur  of  lohn  Cnolle  of  att  hys  ryht  in 
kyngys  Clere. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  f>at  lohn  cnolle  grauntyd? 
in-to  pu?  &  perpetual  almus,  &  vtturly  quite- clay myd,  to  god  & 
to  Y  churche  of  ou?  lady  &  of  seynt  lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  28 


i.e.  morrow. 


Hampshire :  ^  Knolle  177 

&  to  f  e  holy  mynchoras  fere  seruynge  god1,  for  hym  &  for  hys  of  all  title 
heyrys  for  euyr,  aft  hys  ryht  &  clayme  fat  he  had  or  myht 
haue  in  ony  maner  wyse  in  a  place  of  londe  with  hys  pertinences 
4  in  the  parysshe  of  kyngys  Clere,  the  whyche  is  callycP 
aywyepurcot,  &  f  e  fore-seyde  place  of  londe  lyf  e  by-twene  hys 
mede  fat  is  callyd?  f  e  hole  mede  &  a  crofte  fat  is  callicT  hagen- 
huft  vppon  f  e  est,  &  a  crofte  of  f  e  fore-seyde  hows  of  Grodestowe 
8  f  e  whyche  is  callid  strokynges  londe  vppon  f  e  west  syde ;  so 
fat  f  e  foreseyde  lohn,  nof  er  hys  heyrys,  ne  no  man  by  hem  or  for 
hem  or  in  her  name,  sholde  mowe  to  aske  or  chalange  ony 
thynge  of  ryht  or  of  clayme  heraftur  in  f6  fore-seyde  place 

12  with  hys  pertinences,  but  that  they  sholde  be  excludyd1  by  fys 
presente  wrytynges  for  euyr  for  aft  maner  accion  of  ryht.  In-to 
wytnes  of  fe  same  fynge  he  put  to  fys  wrytynge  hys  seele. 
The  date  at  kynges  Clere,  f0  freday  next  aftur  f  e  fest  of  f  e 

1 6  Epiphanye  of  owre  lorde,  fe  vij.  yere  of  fe  reyne  of  kynge 
Edwarde  })e  thyrde  aftur  fe  cwiquest. 


[KNOWLE  in  King's  Clere  parish.] 

[NOTE. — At  the  dissolution,  1540,  the  Godstow  properties  in  Sandford  and  King's 
Clere  were  returned  (Monast.  iv.  375)  as  bringing  in  yearly,  the  demesne-land,  £8  ; 
the  quit-rents  of  the  copyholds,  £12  i6s.  6d. ;  and  the  freeholds,  los. ;  in  all 
£21  6s.  6d.] 

[231.]     *A  Chartur  of  Adam  of  brurton  of  the  londe  *ieafxx 
of  CnoUe.  SLS; 

About 
THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  fat  adam  of  brurton  \  for  1140. 

hys  sowle  and  of  hys  predecessours,  grauntyoT  J>e  yfte  fat  Raf  fe 
20  sone  of  wayfere  &  hys  heyrys  made,  by  the  consent  of  Robert 

lpQ  sone  of  wayfere  hys  broker  of  fe  same  fadur 2,  of  aft  fe  londe  Brincton, 
of  fe  holde  in  Cnolle,  in-to  perpetual  allmys,  to  the  churche  of  superior,  of 
god  &  of  ou?  lady  seynt  Mary  &  of  seynt  lohn  baptiste  of 
24  Godestowe  &  to  fe  holy  mynchons  fere  seruynge  god1,  wt't^  aft  of  land, 
fe  pertinences,  fat  is  to  sey  in  wode  and  playne,  &  in  medys  & 
pasturys,  in  pondes  &  watures  &  myllys,  in  weyes  &  pathys,  &  in 

1  'Brincton,' in  the  Latin.  his  brother,  my  father,  of  all  hia  land  de 

2  '  by  the  consent  of  Robert  of  Waifere,       tenura  de  Cnolle.' 

N 


Hampshire:   1 K 'nolle 

aft  placis  &  in  aft  thyngys.     He  willid1  also  &  grauntyd1  f  e  fore- 
seycT  londe  fat  fe  foreseyde  holy  mynchons  sholde  holde  hyt  for 
euyr,  weft  &  in  pece,  fre   and  vtturly  quiete  fro  aft  seculer 
seruice  &  aft  exaccions,  so  fat  he  &  hys  heyrys  sholde  do  for  4 
and  grant     euyr  to  f  e  kynge  &  to  hys  lorde  f  e  seruice  (of1  hys  oper  fee)  fat 
loa^  oThay    longythe  to  the  londe  :  &  furf  ermore  he  gaf  to  hem  on  cart-fuft 
yearly.          Of  hev  yerly  to  be  payde  to  hem  for  euyr  :  &  is  wtt/i-out  date. 


*  leaf  XIX 
or  30. 
About 
1354. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Richard 
Labaanc,  of 
lands, 

*  leaf  XIX 
or  30, 
back. 
[Nuns' 
dower.] 
free  of  all 
feudal  ser- 
vice, but 
subject  to 
an  annuity 
of  £2  to  the 
donor  for 
his  life- 
time. 


[Burial  at 

Godstow.] 


[232.]     *  A  couenawnt  by-twene  Mynchons  of  Godestowe 
&  "Richard  labanc. 

THE    sentence   of  thys   conuencion   is,    fat    by-twene    the  8 
mynchons  of  Godestowe  &  RicAara*  labaanc  a  couenaunt   was 
made  of  fe  londe  of  2cnolle  &  of  swanton,  fe  whiche  he  gaf, 
in-to  perpetuel  almys,  to  god  &  to  ou?  lady  seynt  mary  *  &  to 
the  churche  of  Godestowe  &  to  fe  mynchons  fere  seruinge  god,  12 
for  f  e  helpe  of  hys  sowle  &  of  hys  predecessours,  with  hys  modyr 
Rohays  &  hys  sistur  cecilie  f  e  whyche  were  made  there  myn- 
chons, the  fore-seyde  loude  to  be  fre  &  vtturly  quite  fro  all 
seculer  seruic^s,   excepte  fat   fe   fore-seyde   Richard  labaanc  16 
shulde  haue  of  the  foreseyd1  church 3  yerly  xl.  shillings  whyle 
fat  he  liuyth  in  thys  worlde.     Aftur  the  dethe  of  fe  seyde 
Richard   f  e  foreseyde  londe   of  cnolle,  swantou,    vfith   att   fe 
pertinence,  in  woode,  in  playn,  millis  &  weyis  &  patthys,  &  all  20 
op  fir  Ipyuges,  witA-oute  lpe  xl.  shillings,  &  Also  fro  all  seculer 
seruice  be  vtturly  fre  &  quite  &  vnbroke,  welle  &  pesibly,  in  J>e 
foreseyde  church  for  euyr,  so  Ipat  ]>Q  heyrys  of  J?e  seyde  Richarde 
sholde  do   the  seruice,  of  hys  cfyer  fee,  fat  pertinith  of er  to  24 
f e  kynge  ofer  to  hys  lorde  of  fat  londe,  fat  is  to  sey,  of  Cnolle 
&  of  Swanton.     Also 4  he  grauntyd1  to  f e  same  church  hys  body 
to  be  buryecT  aftur  hys  dethe :   &  he  confirmyd?  thys  conuencion 
to  be  holde  ferme  &  sure  by  hys  fey  the  &  trowf  e,  &  fat  a-fore  28 
kynge  henry  kynge  of  Ingelonde  &  alienowre  f e  quene,  bothe 
clerkw  &  lay  men 5 :  &  is  wit^-oute  date. 


1  This  goes,  in  sense,  with  'do.' 

2  In   the  Latin  copy  (Exchequer  MS. 
leaf  19,  back)  'all  his  land  of  Cnolle,  and 
Sauanton  which  belongs  to  it,  and  Sand- 
ford  with  all  pertinents.' 


3  i.e.  of  Godstow. 

*  *  post  mortem  vero  eius,  corpus  suum 
sepeliendum  eidem  ecclesie  concessit.' 

6  Among  the  witnesses  are  Nicholas 
Labaanc,  and  Sara  wife  of  Richard  Labaanc. 


e  :  f  Knolle  179 

[233.     *  Charter  of  the  king  to  Godstow  for  lands  and     *  Exche- 
tenements  in  Clere. 


HENRY  II  intimates  to  the  bishop  of  Winchester  and  others  About 


and  to  all  his  lieges  French  and  English  of  Suthawtescyre,  that 
Richard  labaanc  came  into  his  presence  and  gave  to  God&tow,  tion  to 

4  with  his  mother  and  sister  to  be  nuns,  all  his  land  of  Cnolle  Henry*!!,  y 
and  Suanton  with  all  pertinences,  free  of  all  secular  service,   ^^lc^a?d 
save  that,  while  said  Richard  lived,  the  convent  should  pay  him  gift,  as  in 
yearly  405.     After  Richard's  death  the  land  should  be  quite 

8  free  of  burdens,  his  heirs  doing  all  services  due  from  it,  out 
of  his  other  lands. 

"Witnesses:  —  Queen  Eleanor,  Thomas  [Becket]  c&ncellarius 
[1154-62];    Mannasses  Biset,  dapifer  ;    Warm  son  of  Gerold, 
12  c&merarius  ;  Ralph  of  Hasting;  William  son  of  Hanum  ;   and 
Josceline  de  Baillolio.     At  Lincoln], 

[234.1     *A-nother  Chartur  of  Richard  labanc  of  Clere.     *ieafxix 

or  30. 

THE  sentence  of  fys  chartur  is,  fat  Richard1  labaanc  grauntyd1  About 
&  gaf,  in-to  perpetuel  almys,  to  f  e  churche  of  god  &  of  our1  lady  '  Grant  to 

1  6  seynt  marye  &  of  seynt  Ion  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  the  E^*r^'by 
holy  mynchons  fere  seruynge  god,  all  the  dowry  of  hys  modur,  Labaanc,  of 
fat  is  to  sey,  knolle1,  &  swanton  f6  whyche  longethe  to  the 
same,  &  sanforde  &  hodicotte  as  muche  as  hys  predecessours 

20  had,  fat  is  to  sey,  v.  hydys.     Aft  ]?ese  f  ynges  he  grauntyd  & 
gaf,  vtturly  frely  &  quietly  fro  aft  seculer  seruices,  with  aft  her 
pertinences,  as  frely  &  as  goode  as  euyr  ony  of  hys  predecessours  aitogether 
helde  hyt  :  &  more-ouer  he  grauntyd,  more  frely,  fat  he  wolde  free  of 

24  do  to  the  kynge  &  to  hys  lorde  f  e  seruice  of  hys  of  er  londys  fat 
was  wonyd1  to  be  do  for  hem  :  &  is  with-out  date  2. 

[235.]     A  Chartur  of  hugh  mortmer  of  the  londe          About 

.,    _  1154* 

labaanc. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is  fat  hugh  mortmer,  by  f  e  Confirma- 
consent  of  Roger  hys  sone  &  of  hys  of  er  heyrys,  gaf  &  grauntyd1 


28  to  fe  churche  of  god  &  of  ou?  lady  &  of  seynt  lohn  baptiste  &  ^y  Hugh  of 

1  In   the  Latin,  'Cnolle,  and  Swanton  Oxford  [died  Oct.  1151];   Robert,  prior  of 
which  belongs  to  it.'  St.  Frideswyde's  [1141-70];    Odelard  la- 

2  Witnesses   (Exchequer  MS.  leaf  20):  baanc     and     Hugh    his   'nepos';    Ralph 
Jeffrey  [of  Monmouth],  bishop  [elect]  of  St.  Lancelene,  &c. 

Asaph  [1152-54];    Walter,  archdeacon  of 

N   2 


180 


Hampshire :   Winchester 


234. 


Mortimer,  to  the  holy  mynchons  of  Godestow  \>er&  seruinge  god,  alt  the 
!  of  londe  of  knolle  &  swanton  Ipai  longyth  to  lpe  same  &  sanford1, 
with  aft  hys  pertinences,  fre  &  quiete  fro  alle  seculer  sendees,  as 
Richard  labaanc  gaf  hyt  to  J?e  foreseyd?  churche,  so  \>ai  \>Q  4 
foreseyoT  Richard  &  hys  heyrys  sholde  do  to  hym  &  hys  heyrys 
j>®  seruice  of  hys  o]w  fee  ]>at  longythe  to  f>at  londe. 


*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  185. 
About 
1160? 
Grant  to 
Godstow.by 
Robert  6f 
Meisi, 
[Nun's 
dower.] 

of  land  out- 
side and 
inside  Win- 
chester. 

*  Exche- 
quer MS. 
leaf  185. 
About 
1160? 
Grant  to 
Godstow,by 
Herebert  of 
St.  Quintin, 
of  three 


[Nun's 
dower.] 


[WINCHESTER  *.] 

[236.     *  Charter  of  Robert  of  Meisi  for  Land  in 
Winchester. 

ROBEET  of  Meisi,  with  consent  of  his  heirs,  gave  to  Godstow 
land  in  "Wintonia  which  he  held  of  the  fee  of  the  earl  of  8 
gloucester,  with  his  daughter  to  be  a  nun;  viz.  land  outside 
north  gate  which  William  Hogelies  holds,  and  other  land  in 
Suldwregtestret  and  flesmongerestrete,  with  proviso2  that  by 
payment  he  may  have  lodging  there  when  he  requires  it.  ia 

Witness : — Wacheline,  abbot  of  Abbendon 3.] 

[237.     *  Charter  of  Herbert  of  St.  Quintin  for  iii. 
messuages  in  Winchester. 

HEEBEET  of  St.  Quintin  lets  French  and  English  know  that  he 
has  given  to  Godstow  three  messuages  at  Winchester,  viz.  two 
within  the  city  and  one  outside.  Of  the  said  mansions  within  16 
the  wall,  one  pays  yearly  156?.  and  the  other  I2d. ;  and  the 
land  outside  pays  lod.  This  gift  was  given  with  his  sister 
Odelena  to  be  a  nun. 

Witnesses: — Robert  of  Meysy,  Richard  Musard,  etc.]  20 


[WOOLVERTON.] 

*  leaf  xix  [238.]    *  A  plee  by- twene  the  lady  Abbas  &  syr  reynolde 
£3^'  fitj  petur,  lorde  of  woluerton. 

1250.  THE  sentence  of  thys  plee  is,  J>at  f>e  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  f>9 

Agreement    Couent  browht  syr"0  Reynolde  fytj  petur,  by  a  bref  Ipai  is  callycT 

1  All    the    Winchester    property    seems       meis    nuwmis,    ut    consuevi,    si    necesse 
alienated     before     pope  •  Nicholas     IV's       fuerit.' 

Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,  1291.  3  i.e.  Abingdon. 

2  '  Ita   tamen  ut    hospicia  illic  habeam 


Hampshire:  ^Wolverton  181 

'  quo   iure,'    in   be    kynges   court   in-to    pie.    for    asmuche    as  between 

,  ,  ,  i        .  ,.  ,  Godstow  on 

syre  Reynolde  &  hys  men  of  woluerton,  &  also  \  e  person  of  f  e  the  one 

place,  askyd  vnduly  comune  pasture  in  a  woode  fat  is  callycT  j^e^'ord'of 

4  le  fryth  *,  as  fey  seyde.     At  the  laste  f  e  pie  restycF  in-to  f  ys  the  manor 

maner,  by  frendely  composicion  by-twene  partyes  for  euyr,  fat  ton  and  the 


is   to  sey,  Ipat   f  e   fore-seyde  abbas  &  mynchons  graunticT  to 
fe  foreseycT  syre  Reynold1  &  to  hys  heyrys,  &  to  fe  person  of  the  on  the  other 
8  place  &  to  hys  successours,  fat  hyt  sholde  be  lefful  to  hem  for 
to  haue  he?  bestys2  (fat  is  to  sey,  of  hys  maner,  &  of  the 
churche  of  woluerton)  in  pasture  of  be  woode  of  le  fryth  &  3  for  wood  called 

..    -.  .  .  -,        '  the  Frith,' 

to  be  quite  fro  pannage.     Also  they  grauntyd1  to  f  e  men  of  f  6  Godstow 


12  fore-seycT  syre  Reynolde  for  euyr,  fat  hyt  sholde  be  lawefuft 

to  hem  to  haue  her  beestes  2,  f  e  whych  they  haue  in  f  e  maner  of  and  pan- 
woluerton,  in  fe  foreseyde  woode  pasture4  &  pannage,  so  fat  fe  beastsofthe 


pannage  of  he?  owne  hogges  fey  haue  quite  5  :  &  f  e  seyde  syre 

16  Reynolde  relesyde  &  quite-claymycf  to  fe  foreseyde  abbas  and  and  of  the 

couent,  for  hym  &  hys  heyrys  &  hys  men  of  \\oluerton,  &  the  the  manor; 

fore-seyde  person  also,  for  hym  &  hys  successours,  aft  f  e  londe  Sir  ^Ks1: 

of  fe  breche,  bofe  in  medewe  &  in  pasture  &  in  arable  londe,  uphisdaim 

20  &  aft  f  e  ryht  &  clayme  fat  he  had"  or  myht  haue  by  f  e  name  of  W0odland 

pasture  or  by  fe  name  of  ony  ofer  Ryht  in  hit,  so  fat  hyt  sholde  ^^e'*he 

be  leifuft  to  hem  (fat  is  to  sey,  to  f  e  abbas  &  to  f  e  couent)  for  and  allow- 

to  appropur  f  e  fore-seyde  londe  &  mede  &  pasture  wt'tA  aft  he?  g£fw  £  " 

24  pertinences,  wt'tA-out  ony  a-gaynseynge  of  hem,  or  lette  ;  also  to  appropriate 

deduce  hyt  in-to  what-euer  vsis  fat  fey  wyllyd,  as  hyt  likyth  gether, 
&  semyth  to  hem  most  best  &  most  profitable  to  spede,  holy  & 
quietly  &  in  peece  for  euer,  that  alonly  oute-take,  fat  f  e  fore- 

28  seyde  syre  Reynold1  &  hys  heyiys  &  hys  men  of  woluerton,  &  f  e  there,  for 

fore-seyde  person  &  hys  successours,  sholcT  haue  alonly  fre-goynge  the  lord  of 

to  he?  beestes  to  be  waturde  at  the  welle  of  the  brech  :  Also  fat  Wooiver- 

*  ton  and  his 

hyt  sholde  be  lawefuft  to  the  foreseyde  abbas  &  Couent,  to  cast  tenants  and 

32  down  &  to  take,  aftur  he?  wyft,  of  f  e  foreseyde  woode  of  f  e  frith  rectory. 

as  hyt  plesyth  hem  &  whenne-so-euyr  they  wylle,  wr'tA-out  ony  Godstow 

a-geyne-seynge  &  lette  or  playnt  of  the  fore-seyde  syre  reynolde,  absolute 
person  of  woluerton,  &  he?  heyrys  &  successours,  &  also  of  her 

36  men,  sauynge  to  f  e  fore-seyde  Reynolde  &  to  hys  *  heyrys  f  e  or  31. 

1   Beading  doubtful  :  possibly  'frych.'  jrannagio'  =  at  pasture  and  pannage. 

3  '  averia.'  5  i.e.  eo  that  they  do  not  pay  for  pan- 
8   '  et  pannagio  qnieta.'                                     nage  of  their  own  porci. 

4  Ablative   in   the   Latin,  'pastura    et 


182 


Hampshire:   f  Wolrerton 


timber  of 
4  the  Frith,' 
allowing 
the  lord  of 
Woolverton 
his 

old  hunt- 
ing-rights 
there. 
Godstow  to 
have  leave 
to  plant, 
and  build 
and  settle 
men  in 
'the  Frith.1 
Exchange 
of  good 


between 
the  lords  of 
Woolverton 
and  the 
abbey  of 
Godstow. 


*  leaf  XX 
or  31, 
back. 
About 
1210. 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Piers 
son  of 
Herbert, 
of  leave  to 
enclose  and 
cultivate  an 


near  Wool- 
verton 
Park,  leav- 
ing free 
access  to 
the  well 
there, 
and  reserv- 
ing rights  of 
pasture  in 
the  stubble. 


ryht  of  hys  huntynge  aftur  fat  hyt  sholde  be  sauyd1  to  hem 
of  ryht,  so  neuer  f  e  lese  fat  hyt  sholde  be  leffuft  to  the  fore- 
seyoT  abbas  &  to  he?  Couent  all  fe  fore-seyde  londe  with  hys 
pertinences  to  plante  &  to  bylde  aftur  her  owne  wylle  &  also  4 
men  there  to  dwelle  yf  fey  wyllid.     Furf  ermore  hyt  is  to  be 
notyd?  fat  f  e  fore-seyde  Keyholde  fit}  petur,  for  hym  &  hys 
heyrys,  toke  f  e  goodys,  londys,  &  possessions  of  the  fore-seyde 
abbas  &  mynchons  of  Godestowe  in  hys  defense  &  proteccion  for  8 
euyr  :  and  f  e  same  abbas  &  raynchons  of  Godestowe  toke  hym 
&  receyuyd1  in  massys,  in  matyns,  in  ofer  owrys,  suffrages, 
almys,  fastynges,  &  all  ofer  thyngys  fat  myht  profite  to  the 
helfe  of  sowlys:    but  fat  all  }>es  fynges  a-fore-seyde  myht  12 
a-byde  stable  &  su?  for  euer,  &  fat  fey  myht  haue  perpetuel 
strengthe  of  surenes,  f  e  fore-seyde  parties  sette  to  f  ys  present 
chartur  her  selys,  euyryche  a-geynyst  ofer :  &  is  wttA-out  date. 

[239.]     *  A  Chartur  of  pers  herbert  of  Cler. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  fat  pers  fit3  herbert *,  for  f  e  16 
loue  of  god  &  for  f  ©  helfe  of  hys  sowle  &  for  f  e  soulis  of  hys 
auncetwrs  &  successours,  grauntyoT  to  god  &  to  ou?  lady  seynt 
Maiye  of  Godestowe  &  to  f>e  mynchons  fere  seruynge  god,  fat 
fey   may   close   here   assarte   fat    lyetTi   nyhe   hys    parke    of  20 
woluerton,   &  to    ere   hyt   &   to  sowe,   aftur  he?  owne  wille, 
wit^-onte  lette  of  hym  or  of  hys,  so  naf eles  fat  hys  meyny  of 
woluerton  sholde  haue  fre  &  fuft  powe?  to  lede  he?  bestys  to  the 
welle,  the  whyche  is  sette  in  f e  fore  assarte,  to  water  hem  &  to  24 
brynge   hem  a-geyne.      That    notwythstondynge   he   reteynyd? 
to  hym  &  to  hys  meyny  fat,  fro  fat  tyme  fat  f e  cornys  I-sowe 
in  f e  same  Assarte  aftur  resonable  tyme  be  remeuyd1,  alt  hys 
meyny  of  f e  same  maner  sholde  haue  full  &  fre  commune  to  all  28 
her  bestys  in  f  e  pasture  of  f e  fore-seyd1  assarte,  vnto  a-nof  er 
tyme  resonable  of  sowynge,  vfiih-out  lette  :  and  for-asmuche  fat 
hys  graunt  sholde  a-byde  ferme  &  stable  for  euyr,  he  put  to  f  ys 
wrytynge  hys  seele  :  &  is  with-oute  date.  32 


1  Rev.  H.  Salter  tells  me  that  this  Peter, 
son  of  Herbert,  is  the  father  of  Sir  Reginald 


of  no.  238,  and  that  Sir  Reginald  came  into 
his  inheritance  in  1248. 


183 

LINCOLNSHIRE 
[SYSTON,  near  Grantham.] 

[NOTE. — At  the  dissolution,  1540,  Wroxton  priory  (Monast.  iv.  372)  was  still  paying 
this  £2  to  Godstow.] 

[240.]     *An   anmiyte1   of  xl.    shillings  I-gratmtyd?  by  *  leaf  169. 
maister  myghel  Belet  vnto  the  mynchons  of  Gode-  ^of5 
stowe,  which  the  priowr  and  chanons  of  Wroxtofi) 
*  shold?  pay  e  yerely  out  of  the  maner  of  SydestorD  at  *  leaf  169, 
ij.  formes  of  the  yere.  back* 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  maister  mygheft  Belet   Grant  to 
yaf  and  graunted1,  to  the  lady  Abbesse  of  Godestowe  and  to  the  by  Michael 
mynchons  fher  smiyng1  god1,  a  rent  of  xl.  shillings  yerely  to  be   Belet,  of  a 

4  take  at  ij.  tmnes,  that  is  to  sey,  xx.  shillings  atte  vtas  of  of  £2  to  be 
whitsontyde,  and  xx.  shillings  atte  vtas  of  seynt  Martyne  in   Wroxton 
wynter ;  the  which  forsaid1  xl.  shillings  the  forsaid1  mynchons   priory  out 
shold1  resceive  by  the  hande  of  the  priour  and  of  the  chanons  manor. 

8  of  Wroxton),  to  the  which  he  assigned1  a  certayne  rente,  in 
a  certayne  place,  at  a  cextayne  tmne,  in  his  maner  of  Sideston), 
that  they  shold1  take  the  xl.  shillings  and  pay  them  to  the 
forsaid1  mynchons  atte  forsaid"  tmnes :  he  made  also  the  forsaid1 
1 2  chanons  to  be-hote  in  p^rel  of  ther  sowles,  and  to  swere  vpon  [Oath  on 
the  holy  gospels,  that  they  shold1  paye  the  forsaid1  rente  to  the 
forsaid?  mynchons  -wiih-ont  ony  gyle  or  disceite,  aft  lettyng1  and 
occasion)  cesyngi  And  that  this  his  yifte.  &  cetera. 

[241.]    An  obligacioifi  of  the  priour  of  WroxtorD  by ndyng1  About 
hym-self  and  his  Covente  to  pay  the  forsaid?  xl.  1220' 
shillings  atte  tarmes  I-assigned?. 

16      THE  sentence  of  this  obligaciorD  is,  that  hugh,  priour  of  the  obligation 
place  of  owre  lady  of  Wroxton,  and  aft  the  Couente  that  there  *°  H^h™' 
seruecT  god1  and  oure  lady,  bounde  theym  and  ther  successours  prior  of 

1  Not  included  in  pope  Celestine  Ill's  confirmation  (no.  902),  1192,  and  therefore 
of  somewhat  later  date. 


184 


Lincolnshire :  Bydeston 


Wroxton, 
for  pay- 
ment of 
the  rent- 
charge,  as 
in  no.  240. 


Penalty  for 
neglect  to 
pay,  £1. 


*  leaf  155, 

About 
1220. 


Duplicate 
of  no.  241. 


for  euer  to  pay  vnto  the  abbesse  of  Godestowe  and   to   the 
couente  of  the  same  place  yerely  xl.  shillings  of  siluer,  that  is  to 
sey,  xx.  shillings  atte  vtas  of  seynt  Martyne  in  wynter,  and 
xx.    shillings   atte   vtas   of  whitsontyde:    The   which   forsaid1 4 
xl.  shillings  theirs  patrone,  maister  Migheit  Belet,  assigned?  to 
them,  to  be  take  in   his  maner  of  SydestofD,  where   he  yaf 
to   them   x.   poundeworth   of    londe,   as    the    charter    of    hit 
witnesseth,  the  which  they  haue.     And  they  made  the  forsaid1 8 
obligacion)  in  many  maners  :  for  they  swore  into  ther  sowles 
that  they  wold1  paye  atte  forsaid1  termes  the  forsaid?  payment  of 
iij.  marke  without  fraude  or  occasion),  aft  agayne-seiyngp  and 
lette  sesyng1,  and  occasion);    And  they   confermed?  with   ther  12 
conuentueft  seale  that  is  I-hangecT  to  this  writyng1,  vndir  payne 
of  xx.    shillings   for   euery  faile   that   happened1;     Also   they 
subiected1  them-self  specially  in  this  behalf  to  the  lurisdiccion) 
of  the  bisshop  of  lyncolne  that  were  for  the  tyme,  And  also  to  16 
the  Archidekon)  of  OxenforcT,  that  they  two,  or  one  of  them, 
myght  compelle  them,  wztAoute  ony  agaynsaiyng1,  to  the  forsaide 
payment,  and  to  the  peyne  yf  hit  were  cowmytted1;  And  who-so- 
euer  were  I-made  priour  shold1  swere  that  he  shold?  truly  obsmie  20 
this  obligacion).     These  beyng-  witnesse,  &  cetera. 

[242.]  *An  obligacion  of  the  Priour  of  Wroxton), 
I-made  to  the  Abbesse  of  Godestowe,  for  xl.  shillings 
yerely. 

THE    sentence   of  this  obligacion)  is,  that  the  priour   and 
Couente  of  the  place  of  Wroxton)  bounde  them-self  and  ther 
successours  for  euer  to  yelde  yerely  to  the  abbesse  and  couente  24 
of  Godestowe  xl.  shillings  of  siluer,  that  is  to  sey,  xx.  shillings  at 
the  vtas  of  seynt  Martyn)  in  wynter  and  xx.  shillings  at  the 
vtas  of  whitsontyde,  the  which  xl.  shillings  maister  Migheft 
belet  theirs  patrone 1-  assigned?  to  them,  to  be  take  in  his  maner  of  28 
Sydeston),  wher  he  yaf  to  them  x.  pounde. 
[Leaf  missing.] 


1  Wroxton  priory  was  founded  by  Michael  Belet  early  in  1217. 


185 


MIDDLESEX 

»  i 

[LONDON.] 

[243.    *  Charter  of  Hugh,  archdeacon  of  Leicester,  for  * 
a  shop  in  West  Cheap. 

About 
HUGH,  Legre.  archidiaconus,  informs  Kalph  (de  Diceto),  dean,   1181  ? 

and  the  chapter  of  St.  Paul's,  that  he  has  given  to  Godstow  Godstow, 

land  which  Hugh  son  of  John  holds  of  him,  viz.  the  shop  in  b^  Hugk> 

4  Westcheap  which  Bernard  Caldebuf  held  of  Osbert  his  father,  of  Leices- 

and  of  (Hugh's  brother)  Richard  son  of  Osbert,  as  his  brother 


Richard  gave  it  to  him.  West, 

Witnesses  : — William,  archdeacon  of  London,  etc.] 

[NOTE. — Rev.  H.  Salter  points  out  to  me  a  difficulty  of  dates.  According  to 
Le  Neve,  Hugh  was  made  archdeacon  of  Leicester  in  1148,  and  ceased  to  be  arch- 
deacon 'before  1180.'  This  would  push  back  the  deed  to  the  time  of  Ralph  de 
Langford,  dean  of  St.  Paul's,  who  died  about  1152.  But,  on  the  other  hand,  this 
West-Cheap  rent-charge  does  not  appear  in  Henry  II's  confirmations  of  1156  or  1165, 
and  does  appear  in  that  of  1182.  Ralph  de  Diceto  became  dean  in  1181.] 

[244.     *  Charter  of  Henry  son  of  Ailw.1  of  London.       *  Exchequer 

MS.  leaf  ii. 

8      SAID  Henry  gave  to  Godstow,  for  the  soul  of  king  Henry  Grant  to  God- 
and  his  own  soul,  55.  of  quit-rent  of  the  land  which  Laurence  £ 
pistor  held  of  him  outside  Bissopesgate,  to  be  taken  on  the  of  a  rent- 
day  of  his  obit  yearly.]  founfa^obit. 

[NOTE. — In  pope  Nicholas  IVs  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,  1291,  this  is  still  found,  viz.  5, 
in  St.  Botulph's  parish  outside  Bishopsgate,  London.] 

[245.     *  Grant  by  Nicholas  of  Cerontha 2  son  *  Exche- 

.  _  _      , .  quer  MS. 

of  Martin.  leafii. 

About 


SAID  Nicholas  gave  to  Godstow,  for  the  soul  of  his  brother 
and  his  own,  a  half-marc  of  rents  in  London,  to  be  paid  half-   G-odstow, 
yearly,  viz.   at  Easter  and   Michaelmas,  viz.    of  the  land   of 


1  This  Henry  fitz-Ailwyn  is  set  down  as       from  about  1189  till  his  death  in  1212. 
the  first  mayor  of  London,  holding  office  2  Possibly  '  Geroutha.' 


186  Middlesex  :  London 

rontha  of      the  nuns  of  Stratford,  28.  ;  of  the  land  of  Martin  listor,  35.  Sd.  ; 
charges         of  the  land  of  Clement  clerk,  Sd.  ;  and  of  his  own  laud,  4c£.] 

68.  Sd. 

*  leaf  101,  [246.]     *A  licence  I-made  to  Edmond1  Mabaunke  that 
he  mysnt  yeve  to  tlie  niynchons  of  G-odestowe  one 


1325 

Juiyi6.  mese    in  Fletestrete  in   the   subarbis   of   london, 

notwz't/istandyng1  the  statute  of  mortmayii). 

Licence  in         THE  sentence  of  this  licence  is,  that  kyng1  Edwarde,  kyng1  of 
by  Ed-          EngloncP  &  cetera,  willed1  to  be  know  that,  though  hit  were  4 
ward  II,       I-ordeyned1  and  by  statute  I-made  that  hit  shold1  not  be  lawfuft 
to  religious  peple  to  entre  the  fee  of  ony  man  in  such  wise  that 
hit  shold1  come  to  morte  mayne  with-out  his  licence  and  of  the 
allowing       chief  lord1  of  the  which  that  thynge  was  I-holde  immediatly,  8 
MaSmckto  Natheles,  by  a  fyne  the  which  the  \velbeloued1  to  hym  in  crist 
^e  a^esse  °f  Godestowe  made  with  hym,  he  grauntecT  and  yaf 
licence,  for  hym  and  his  heires  as  moche  as  was  in  hym,  to 
Street6  to      Edmond  Mabanl^that  he  myght  yeve  and  assigne  to  the  forsaid1  12 

endow  a        Abbesse  and  mynchons,  and  to  ther  successours,  into  help  of  the 
chantry  at  . 

Great  Tew,   susteynyng1  of  a  Chapelaym?  to   synge  for  ever  masse  m  the 

shire!  "        worship  of  our  lady  in  the   chirch  of  more  Tywe.     And  he 

grauntecT  to  the  same  abbesse  and  Couente  that  they  myght  16 
resceive  and  hold1,  to  them  and  to  there  successours,  the  forsaid1 

"  leaf  192.  mese  with  the  pertynentis  of  the  forsaide  *  Edmond?  for  ever,  as 
hit  is  I-said?  afore.  Also  by  the  tenoure  of  this  present  writynge 
he  yaf  special!  licence,  not  willyng1  that  the  forsaid"  Edmond?  20 
or  his  heires  or  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  mynchons  and  ther 
successours  by  the  reason)  or  cause  of  the  statute  aforsaicT  shold1 
be  occasioned1  or  greved1  in  ony  thyng1  therof  by  hym  or  by  his 
heires,  Savyng^  nathelesse  to  hym,  and  to  other,  seruycis  therof  24 
dewe  and  I-wonycP.  In-to  witnesse  of  the  which  thynge  he 
made  to  be  made  these  his  lettres  patentis,  hym-self  beyng- 
witnesse,  atte  Towre  of  London),  the  xvj.  day  of  lule,  the  xix. 
yere  of  his  reigne.  28 

*  Exchequer    [247.     *  Licence  by  Roger  (de  Martival),  bishop  of 
back!6  1325,  Salisbury  (1315-'30),  as  feudal  superior,  to  Edmund 

July  95.  Maubanck. 

Licence  in  LICENCE  by  Roger,  bishop  of  Sarum,  allowing  Edmund 

ihe  bishop  of     Maubanck  to  feoff  Godstow  in  a  messuage  in  Fletestrete, 


Middlesex :  London  187 

which  is  of  the  fee  of  his  see,  and  empowering  God  stow  to  Salisbury,  to 
receive  the  same.    Given  at  Sonnyng,  on  Thursday,  the  feast  S^fo^the 
of  St.  James  the  Apostle,  19  Edward  II.]  same  purpose. 


[248.     *  Grant  by  Edmund  Maubanck  to  Margery  Dyne,   *  Exche- 
abbess,  and  the  Convent  of  G-odstow.  iSn?8' 

1325,' 

Sept.  7. 
4      EDMUND  Maubanck  grants  Godstow  his  messuage  in  Flete-  Grant  to  " 

stret  in  the  suburb  of  London,  between  the  messuage  of  Walter  byEdmnnd 

atte  sloo  next  the  door  of  the  bishop  of  Sarum  and  the  messuage  Mabanck, 

of  John  Wolfeld,  to  provide  a  chaplain  to  celebrate  in  the  church  suage  in 

8  of  Great  Tew,  and   to  pay  to  himself  a  pension  of  7  marcs  to  endow* 

yearly  for  his  life-term.     Sept.  7,  1  9  Edward  II.  <£*£??  w 

Witnesses  :  —  Hamo  de  Chigewell,  mayor   of  London  ;   and  subject  to  a 


John  of  Causton  and  Quinton  (?)  of  Folesham,  sheriffs.] 

£4  138.  4d. 

[NOTE.—  At  the  dissolution,  1540,  Godstow  still  owned  (Monast.  iv.  375)  a  house  in 
St.  Bride's  parish  which  was  let  for  £2  to  the  churchwardens  of  that  parish.] 


188 


NORTHAMPTONSHIRE 


[NoTE. — Godstow's  interest  in  this  county  came  from  a  grant  at  the  foundation 
(no.  4)  in  113!,  at  Halso  or  Halse,  and  was  increased  by  rent-charges  in  Brackley 
before  Henry  II's  third  charter  (no.  886)  in  1182.  Further  purchases  were  made 
at  Brackley  and  Evenley  early  in  the  thirteenth  century.  In  pope  Nicholas  IV's 
Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,  1291,  Godstow  was  reckoned  to  have  land  in  Halso  and  Brackley 
worth  £3  i8s.  6d.,  and  tithes  to  the  value  of  £3  gs.  8d.  In  1540,  at  the  dissolution 
(Monast.  iv.  376),  there  is  no  mention  of  Brackley  or  of  Evenley,  and  Godstow  is  set 
down  as  receiving  out  of  '  Halse  manor  (late  lord  Lovell,  now  lord  Derby) '  only 
£2.  The  rent-charge  of  £5  (at  Bozeat)  was,  in  1540,  still  paid  to  Godstow  by 
St.  James's  Abbey,  Northampton.] 


*  leaf  210. 
1222,  Sept. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Ralph 
Harange, 
a  justiciary 
under  king 
John, 


with  con- 
sent of  his 
son  Ralph, 
a  cleric, 
of  a  mes- 
suage, 
vineyard, 
dove-house, 
lands  and 
manorial 
rights  over 
freeholds 
and  over 
bondmen 
tenants, 


[BOZEAT.] 

[249.]  *A  Charter  of  Raaf  Harange  I-made  to  the 
mynchons  of  Godestowe  confermyng1  to  hem  att  the 
lond?  that  he  had1  in  the  towne  of  Bosegate. 

THE   sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Raaf  Harange,  yaf, 
grauntecT,  and  by  his  present  charter  confermecF,  to  god  and  to 
our  lady  Seynt  Marie  and  to  seynt  John  Baptist  of  Godestowe 
and  to  the  mynchons  ther  servyng1  god,  for  the  helthe  of  his  4 
lordis  soule  kyng1  henry  sone  of  kyng1  lofin,  and  for  the  helthe 
of  his  owne  soule  and  of  Isabelle  his  wyf,  and  for  the  soule  of 
his  lord1  kyng1  John,  and  for  the  soules  of  att  his  auncetours, 
and  for  the  helthe  of  Eaaf  his  sone  and  heire  and  Alice  his  wyf,  8 
and  for  the  helthe  of  att  his  heires,  with  the  consent  of  the  same 
Raaf  his  sone  and  heire,  att  his  lond1  which  he  had1  in  the  towne 
of  Bosegate  of  the  yifte  of  Robert  Bluet,  that  is  for  to  sey, 
a  Chief  mesuage,  a  vyne-yerde,  a  gardeyne,  a  Culuerhous,  and  12 
v.  yerdis  of  lond1,  with  att  the  pertynentis,  that  is  to  sey,  with 
homagis  and  service  of  william  the  sone  of  Eaaf  of  Bosegate, 
and  with  att  the  bondmen  of  the  same  lond1  holdyng1  and  with 
att   theire  sequele :    To   have   and   to   holde,   to    the   forsai6Ti6 
Mynchons,  of  hym  and  of  his  heires,  in  fre  pure  and  perpetuel 
almes,  with  londis,  medis,  lesues,  and  pastures,  with  wodes  and 


Northamptonshire :   Boseyate  189 

aft  other  thyngis,  vnto  the  forsaid?  lond?  perteynyng1,  yeldyng1  quit-rent, 

i  lb.  of 
pepper, 


therof  yerly  a  pound?,  of  pepir,  and  to  do  alt  maner  of  services  as    I  b*  ° 


moche  as   perteyneth  to  the  forsaid1  lond1,   for  which  pounde 

4  of  pepir  and  foreyne  service  the  same  mynchons  shaft  acquyte 
hym  and  his  heires  ayenst  the  chief  lordes,  which  forsaid1  lond1, 
as  it  is  aforsaid1,  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  he  yaf  and  assigned1  to  be  a 
specially  vnto  a  pytaunce  of  the  same  mynchons  in  help  of  fheStohra. 

8  susteynyngi  of  ther  kechyn).     And  the  forsaid?  Raaf  Harange  and   of  God- 
his  heires,  aft  the  forsaid?  lond?,  with  aft  the  pertynentis,  to  the 
forsaid?  mynchons,  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple  shal  warantije. 
And  that  this  his  yifte  shold1  stond?  stable,   to   this  present 

12  *writyngp  he  hath  sette  to  his  scale.     Aft  this  was  done  in  the  *  leaf  219, 
yere  of  grace  a  thousand1  two  hundred?  and  xxij.,  in  the  moneth       c  ' 
of  Septembre,  in  the  presence  of  kyng1  henry  at  wodestol^.   Thise 
beyng1  witnesse :   Martyne  of  Pateshuft,  Stephyne  of  Segrave, 

1 6  Thomas  of  Hey  den),  Robert  of  Laxanton),  Raaf  of  Trouble  vyle, 
lohn  Russeft,  Adam  of  Staweft,  Stephyne  of  Freteweft,  Piers 
Talemasch,  Raaf  Harange,  Clerkj,  Richard?  of  Lega,  Hugh  Lupo, 
and  many  other. 

[250.]    A-nother  charter  of  the  same  Raaf.  1222,  Sept. 

20      THE   sentence   of  this  charter   is,   that  Raaf  Harange   yaf,   Modifica- 
gravntecT,  and  by  his  present  charter  confermed1,  to  god  and  to    no<  249> 


oure  Lady  Seynt  Marie  and  to  seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godestow 
and  to  the  mynchons  ther  servyng1  god,  for  the  helth  of  his  lord   by  Ralph 
24  kyng1  Henry  sone  of  kyng"  lohn,  and  for  the  helth  of  his  owne 
soule  and  of  Isabeft  his  wyf,  and  for  the  helth  of  Raaf  his  sone 
and  heire  and  Alice  his  wyf,  and  for  the  helth  of  aft  his  children),    on  the 
and  for  the  soule  of  Jordan)  his   sone  and  for  the  soules  of  scribed  in 


28  lohane  and  Agneis  his  doughtirs  and  for  the  soules  of  aft  theire  no<         . 

children),   and   for   the   soules   of   aft    his   predecessours    and  of  which  is 

successours,  and  also  with  the  wille  and  consent  of  the  same  to^tf1^ 

Raaf  his  sone  and  heire,  Aft  the  lond1  the  which  he  had?  in  the  it^es'3 

Abbey, 

32  towne  of  Bosegate  of  the  yifte  of  Robert  Bloette,  that  is  for  to   Northamp- 
sey,  his  chief  Mesuage,  a  vyneyerd1,  a  gardyne,  a  culverhous,  and 
v.  yerdes  lond?,  with  aft  his  pertynentis,  that  is  to  sey,  with 
honmgis  and  service  of  william  the  sone  of  Raaf  of  Bosegate, 

36  and  with  aft  bonde  tenauntis  of  the  same  lond?  with  aft  theire 


190 


but  subject 
to  a  rent- 
charge  to 
provide  at 
Godstow 


*  leaf  211. 
a  pittance 
in  the 
kitchen  of 
143.  in  each 
of  the 
seven 
weeks  of 
Quinqua- 
gesima  and 
Lent, 
and  a  pit- 
tance Of  28. 
for  the 
infirmary. 


Northamptonshire:  Bosegate 

sequeles :    To  have  and  to  hold1,  to  the  same  mynchons,  of  hym 
and  his  heires,  in  fre  and  pure  p^rpetuej  almes,  with  londis, 
medis,  lesues,  and  pastures,  witft  wodes,  and  aft  other  thyngis 
to  the  forsaid1  londis  perteynyng1,  yeldyngp  therof  yerly  vnto  the  4 
heires  of  Robert  Bluett  a  pound1  of  pepir  for  al  maner  services, 
Savyng>  foreyne  seruyce  perteynyng1  to  so  moche  lond!     This 
forsaid1  lond1,  as  hit  is  aforseicT,  with  alt  his  pertynentis,  he  yaf 
and  assigned1  hit  specially  vnto  a  pitaunce  of  the  same  mynchons  8 
into  help  of  the  susteynyng1  of  theire  kechyfi).     Of  whiche  lond? 
*  the  forseid1  mynchons  shaft  take  yerely  of  the  Chanons  of 
Seynt  lames  of  NorthamptorD  an  hundred1  shillyngis,  which 
I  wolle  it  be  as  I  assigne  hit,  that  is  to  sey,  every  weke  fro  the  12 
sonday  of  quinquagesime  vnto  Estir  day,  xiiij.  shillings  vnto 
their  e  forseid1  pitance  to  be  ordeyned?;  and  ij.  shillings  of  the 
residue  of  the  forsaid?  hundred?  shillyngis  I  assigne  specially  to 
the   pitance   of  the   sike   mynchons. ,    And  the  forsaid1  Kaaf  16 
Harange  and  his  heires,  aft   the   forsaid?  lond~,  with   aft   the 
pertynentis,  to  the  forsaid1  mynchons,  ayenst  aft  maner  of  peple 
did?  warantije.     And  that  this  his  yifte  shold1  abide  sure,  to  this 
present  writyng1  he  put  to  his  seale.     These  beyng1  witnesse  :  20 
Martyne  of  Pateshulle,  Stephyne  of  Segrave,  Thomas  of  HeydefD* 
Robert  of  Laxynton),  Raaf  of  Trublevitt,  lohn  Russeft,  Adam  of 
Stawel,    Stephyne    of    Fretewelle,    Piers    Talemasche,    Raaf 
Harange,  Clerl^,  Richard1  of  Lega,  Hugh  Lupo,  and  many  other.  24 
Aft  this  was  done  in  the  yere  of  grace  a  thousand?  two  hundred? 
xxij.,  in  the  monethe  of  Septembre,  in  presence  of  kyng1  henry  at 
wodestoljj. 


1222, 

Sept. 


Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  Ralph 
Harange 
junior,  of 
his  father's 
gift  of  the 
rent- 
charge,  as 
in  no.  250, 


[251.]    A  Confirmacion  of  Raaf,  the  sone  and  heire  of 
the  seid?B,aaf. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  Raaf  Harange  the  sone  28 
of  Raaf  Harange,   yaf,  grauuted?,  and  by  his  present  charter 
confermed1,  the  yifte  the  whiche  the  forsaid?  Raaf  his  fadir  made 
to  god1  and  to  our  lady  seynt  Marie  and  to  seynt  lohn  Baptist 
and  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  of  an  yerely  rent  of  an  hundred?  3 2 
shillyngis,  whicli  rent  he  assigned1  vnto  the  sustentacion)  of  the 
kechyn)   of  the   forsaid1  mynchons:    To   hold1,    to   the    forseid1 
mynchons  for  evermore,  as  the  charter  of  the  forsaid1  Raaf  his 


Northamptonshire :   Bosegate  191 

fadir  which  they  have  therof  sheweth  and  berith  witnesse.  Thise 
beyng1  witnesse :  Raaf  Troublevyle,  lohn  Russell  the  kyngis 
Seneschatt,  Adam  of  Stanweft  dispensare  of1  ser  Guarmo  the 
4  kyngis  Chapeleyne,  william  de  Fychecot,  SymoncF  of  hynton), 
Stephyne  of  Fretewett,  Piers  Talamassh,  lohn  Chapelayne,  and 
many  other. 

[252.]     *A  Charter   of  Felice    Abbesse    of  Godestowe  *  leaf  211, 
I-made  to  the  Abbot  of  Seynt  lames  of  Northampton.       1222,  Sept. 
THE   sentence  of  this  charter  is,   that   Felice,  Abbesse   of  Grant  by 
8  Godestowe,  and  the  Covent  of  the  same  place,  yaf,  grauntecT,  J^gf10^ 
and  by  theire  present  Charter  confermed1,  to  god  and  to  our  James's 
lady  seynt  marie  and  to  the  chirch  of  seynt  lames  of  Northamp-  Northamp- 
ton) and  to  the  Chanons  the?  servyng1  god,  all  theire  lond?  of  ton' 

12  Bosegate  of  the  fee  of  Robert  Bluet  which  they  had1  in  the  same   of  no.  249, 
towne  of  the  yifte  of  ser  Raaf  Harang1,  that  is  for  to  sey,  a  chief 
messuage  and  a  gardeyne  and  a  vyneyerd1,  a  Culuer-house,  and 
v.  yerdis  of  lond1,  with  the  pertynentis,  that  is  to  sey,  with 

1 6  homage  and  service  of  william  the  sone  of  Raaf  of  Bosegate,  and 
with  all  the  bonde-holders  of  the  same  lond1  with  all  theire 
sequelis  :  To  have  and  to  hold1,  to  the  forsaid1  Chanons  for  ever- 
more, vfith  londis,  medis,  lesues,  pastures,  wodis,  and  aft  other 

20  thyngis  vnto  the  same  lond1  perteynyng1,  of  theyme  and  their  subject  to 
successours,  yeldyng1  thereof  yerely  to  theyme  at  seynt  lames  ^*eni~ 
of  Northampton)  an  hundred1  shillyngis  of  sterlyngis  at  twey  in  no.  250, 
termes  in  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  the  Sonday  of  Sexagesime  in  timeof 

24  fyfty  shillyngis,  and  on  Midel  lenton)  Sonday  fyfty  shillyngs,   Lent' 
Also  yeldyng1  a  pounde  of  pepir,  And  to  do  all  foreyne  service 
asmoche  as  perteyneth  to  that  lond1,  and  ayenst  the  chief  lordes. 
Be  hit  knowe  that  yf  the  said1  Chanons  pay  not  the  forsaid? 

28  money  within  viij.  dayes  after  the  termes  afore  rehersed1,  than 

it  shall  be  lefuft  to  hem  to  distreyne  the  same  chanons  vpon  all  Powers  of 
that  lond1,  by  all  theire  catatt  that  may  be  founde,  vnto  the  pay-  1S  ram  ' 
ment  and  also  to  the  costis  in  the  defaute  thereof.  And  they 

32  and  theire  successours,  to  the  forsaid1  Chanons  and  theire  suc- 
cessours, the  same  loud1,  *  with  all  his  pertynentis,  waran^ed!   *  leaf  21 2. 
And  yf  so  be,  that  by  their  defaute,  or  by  their  warantijyng"    ^0^te" 
that  they  lese  any  part  of  the  forseid1  lond1,  than,  by  the  con-  reduction 
1  Something  is  lost.     Not  in  Latin  copy. 


192 


in  rent- 
charge,  if 
warranty 
is  insuf- 
ficient. 


Northamptonshire :  Bosegate 

sideracion)  of  lawfuft  men,  aftir  the  rate  hit  shaft  be  abated1  out 
of  the  seid1  ferme  of  an  hundred1  shillyngis.  And  to  the  more 
surenesse,  this  charter  is  made  endented1,  and  to  the  parte  that 
remayneth  with  the  said1  Chanons  the  seid1  mynchons  have  put  4 
to  theire  seale,  And  to  the  parte  that  remayneth  wiih  the  said1 
mynchons  the  said1  Abbot  and  Covent  hath  put  to  her  seale. 
Thise  beyng1  witnesse :  Martyne  of  Patteshulle,  R,aaf  Harange, 
Stephyne  of  Segrave,  Thomas  of  heyden),  and  many  other.  8 


*  leaf  211.    [253.]     *  A  relese  of  the  Abbot  of  seynt  lames  of  Nor- 
12501?  thamptorD  I-made  to  Raaf  harange  of  a  vyneyerd?  in 

Bosegate. 


Sale  to 

Kalph 

Harange, 

*  leaf  211, 
back. 

by  St. 
James's 
Abbey, 
Northamp- 
ton, of  the 
vineyard 
included 
in  nos.  249, 
250,  but 
without 
affecting 
the  rent- 
charge  to 
G-odstow. 
Purchase 
money, 
£2  135.  4<Z. 

*  leaf  212. 
1329, 

Oct.  20. 


[Luke  = 
Oct.  18.] 

Quit-claim 

by 

Godstow 


of  a  claim 
for  arrears 
of  rent- 
charge  as 
in  no.  250, 


THE  sentence  of  this  relese  is,  that  Adam1,  abbot  of  seynt 
lames  of  Northampton),  and  the  Covent  of  the   same  place, 
relesed1  and  *  quyteclaymed1,  to  ser  Raaf  Harang1  and   to  his 
heires,  a  vyneyerd1  in  Bosegate,  which  somtyme  they  held?  to-  12 
gedir  with  other  londes  of  the  Abbesse  and  Covent  of  Gode- 
stowe,  yeldyng5  neverthelesse  theire  fuft  yerely  ferme   of  the 
residue  of  the  forseid1  londes  to  the  forsaid1  Abbesse  and  Covent 
of  Godestow,  that  is  to  sey,  an  hundred  shillyngis,  as  it  is  con-  16 
teyned1  in  theire  pryncipaft  Charter.     And  for  this  relesse  and 
quyteclayme,  the  forsaid1  Raaf  yaf  to  hem  foure  marke  of  siluer. 
Thise  beyng1  witnesse :  ser  henry,  parson)  of  Torent,  ser  Bernard1, 
Chapeleyne  of  Godestowe,  Raaf  of  seynt  Germayng,  and  many  20 
other. 

[254.]  *  A  contraversy  was  meved1  bitwene  the  forsaid? 
Abbot  of  seynt  lames  of  Nor  thamptorD  and  the 
Abbesse  of  Godestowe. 

THE  sentence  of  this  stryf  is,  that  the  fry  day  next  aftir  the 
fest  of  seynt  luke  the  Euangelist,  the  yere  of  the  reigne  of 
kynge  Edward?  the  thirde  fro  the  conquest  the  thirde,  ther  was  24 
a  strif  and  a  discorde  bitwene  Margery  Dyne,  abbesse  of  Gode- 
stowe, playntyf,  of  that  one  partie,  and  Nicholas,  Abbot  of  seynt 
lames  without  Northampton),  on  that  other  partie,  began)  as  for 
the  arreragis  of  an  yerely  rent  of  an  hundred  shillyngis  yerely,  28 
owyng1  vnto  the  seid1  Abbesse  of  dyuerse  tenementis  of  the  same 
Abbottis   in   Bosegate,   in   this   forme   here    after    thei  were 
1  Adam  was  abbot  1241  to  1265. 


Northamptonshire  :  Bosegate  193 

accorded1:  That  is  for  to  sey,  that  the  forseid1  Abbesse,  for  her 
and  her  successours,  yaf,  relesed1,  and  alt  wey  quyteclaymed1,  to 
the  forseid1  abbot  and  to  his  successours  al  maner  of  arreragis  of 
4  rent  I-axed1  or  to  be  axed1,  and  also  aft  other  accions  of  dette  or 
of  ony  other  thyng1  fro  the  begynnyng1  of  the  world1  vnto  the  and  pro- 
day  of  the  makyngi  of  this  endenture,  And  the  forseid?  abbot 


knowleched1  hym-self  to  be  bounden),  to  the  seid1  Abbesse  and  to  Abbey, 

-H    i  «ii         •        f         i  i       Northamp- 

8  her  successours,  in  an  hundred?  smllyngis  ot  yerly  rent,  to  be  ton,  to  pay 


paid1  to  theym  or  to  there  certeyne  attorney  at  tvvayne  termes 

in  the  yere,  that  is  to  sey,  at  the  fest  of  Sexagesyme  fyfty  regularly 

shillyngis,  and  at  the  myddel  of  lente  fyfty  shillyngis.     And  to  in  Lent,  ' 

12  the  more  sikernesse  of  the  forsaid1  yerely  rent,  wele  and  truly 
to   the  forsaid!1  Abbesse  and  to   her  successours  or  to   theire 
attorney  at  the  forsaid?  termes  to  be  paid1,  The  forsaicT  Abbot  for  and  grant 
hym  and  his  successours  bounden  aft  the[r]  londes  and  tenementis  °f  aS^ 

16  in  Bosegate  to  the  distreynyng1  of  the  same  rent  »  That  is  for  to  traint- 
sey,  yf  so  be  that  the  forsaid?  rent  be  behynde  at  any  of  *  the  *  leaf  212, 
seid1  termes  in  par  tie  or  in  aft,  that  than  hit  shaft  be  lefuft  to  the     ac  ' 
forseid1  Abbesse  and  to  her  successours  in  aft  the  londis  and 

20  tenementis  aforsaid1  to  distreyne,  and  the  distresses  to  with-hold1 
vnto  the  tyme  that  they,  or  theire  attorney,  of  aft  the  arreragis 
of  the  forsaid1  rent  thei  be  fully  satisfied1.  To  the  which  forsaid? 
couenaunt  to  be  ratified"  in  truly,  in  the  forme  aforseicT,  a  this 

24  half  the  day  of  seynt  Hugti  the  bisshop,  now  next  comyng1  after  [St.  Hugh 
the  date  of  this  present  writyng1,  to  be  fulfilled1  and  kept,  the    s=Nov>  X7-1 
parties  aforenamed1  to  thise  present  endentures  everich  of  hem 
to  others  have  sette  to  theire  seales4 


[255.]     A  Composiciorl)  I-made  bitwene  the  Abbot  of  1329, 
Seynt  lames  of  Northampton)  and  the  Abbesse  of 
Godestowe,  &  cetera. 

28      THE   sentence  of  this  composicion)  is,  that  Nicholas,  by  the  Obligation 

grace  of  god1  Abbot  of  Seynt  lames  next  Northampton),  and  f>e  gtow%y 

Covent  of  the  same  place,  Sendith  gretyng1  in  our  lord1  god]  ?tbbjames's 

Be  hit  knowen  that  where  we  had?  and  held1  a  chief  mesuage,  Northamp- 

32  with  Curtilagis,  vyneyerdis,  gardynes,  Culuerhous,  to-gedir  vtith  COrdanceC~ 

v.  yerdis  of  arable  lond1,  medis,  wodes,  and  pastures,  and  vtith  with  the  , 

'  .*  .  agreement 

other    pertynentis,    to-gedir    with    homagis,    wardis,    relefis,  in  no.  254, 


194? 


Northamptonshire:  Bosegate 


to  pay  /s 
yearly, 


Eschetis,  and  seruyces  of  fre  tenantis  and  of  bondmen  and  her 
bodyes  with  their  sequelis  of  the  same  tenement  holdyng1,  in 
Bosegate,  of  the  yifte  and  feflenient  of  dame  Felice,  somtyme 
abbesse  of  Godestowe,  and  the  Covent   of  the  same  place,  to  4 
them  and   to  there  successours  for  evermore,  yeldyng1  therof 
yerely  to  the  same  Abbesse  and  Covent  of  Godestow  an  hundred" 
shillyngis  of  sterlyngis  at  two  termes  in  the  yere  in  the  Abbey 
of  seynt  lames  before  remembred1,  that  is  to  sey,  the  Sonday  of  8 
Sexagesyme   fyfty   shillyngis,  and   on    mydlent   Sonday  fyfty 
shillyngis,  for  alt  seculer  seruyce  and  demaunde.     They  wolle 
and  graunte,  and  by  this  present  writyng1  byndith  hem,  and  aft 
their  successors,  and  also  aft  theire  maner  of  Bosegate,  to  the  12 
forseid1  abbesse  and  Couent  of  Godestowe  and  to  her  successours, 
in  the  forseid?  hundred1  shillyngis  in  the  termes  and  place  before- 
seicT  wele  and  truly  to  be  paid1,  without  ony  lenger  delay  or 
tariyngi     And  yf  they  pay  not,  and  ony  of  the  termes  be  past,  16 
*  leaf  213.  anon  hit  shal  be  leful  to  j?e  *  same  Abbesse  and  Couent,  and  to 
ther  successours,  or  to  ther  procurator,  bothe  in  the  forsaicTtene- 
mentis  which  of  hem  they  held?  as  it  is  aforseid1,  and  also  in  aft 
^e  res^ue  °^  ^elr  m&ner  of  Bosegate,  over  aft  and  in  every  20 
parceft,  to  distreyne  aftir  their  owne  wil,  without  ony  withseiyngi 
°f  them  or  ther  successours,  And  tho  distresses  to  kepe  vnto 
tyme  of  the  rent  aforseid?  they  be  fully  contente  and  paid?,  with 
costis  and  damagis  that  thei  toke  in  the  tariyng-  of  the  payment  24 
therof.     And  for  this  recognycion,  graunte,  and  obligacion),  the 
said1  Abbesse  and  Covent  of  Godestow  relesed?  to  hem  aft  the 
arreragis  of  the  same  rente  that  was  at  ony  tyme  behynd?  vnto 
the  day  of  the  makyng'  of  this  present  writyng1.     In  witnesse  of  28 
which  thyng1,  to  thise  present  writyng1  endented1  eche  of  hem  have 
sette  her  seles  to  other.     Thise  beyng»  witnesse  :   Ewstace  of 
Burneby,  william  of  Seymowr,  william  of  Brut  on),  Geffrey  of  Bray, 
William  of  waydow,  william  of  Tyeken,  Thomas  of  seynt  Hillary,  32 
and  other.    The  date  is  in  the  abbey  of  Seynt  lames  next  North- 
ampton), the  monday  next  aftir  the  fest  of  Alhalowen,  the  yere 
of  the  reigue  of  kyng  Edward  the  thirde  aftir  the  conquest  the 
thirde.  3<> 


Bowers  to 
distrain 


manor. 


Northamptonshire  :  1  Brackeley  195 


[BKACKLEY:   see  also  in  no.  269  in  Halso.] 

[256.1      *  A  chartur  of  Siluester  of  brackeley  of  an  hows.  *ieaf  XVI 

or  28, 


THE  sentence  of  fys  chartur  is,  \>at  frere  aleyne,  procuratur 
of  ]>Q  hospital  of  seywt  lohn  of  brackeley,  &  fe  brethyrne  of  fe  1200. 
same  place,  gafe  &  grauntyde,  &  confermyde  with  her  wrytynge,  Silvester, 

4  to  syluester,  Marchaunt,  of  brackeley,  the  hows  f  e  [whyche]  was  JJ^Brack* 
of  Gaufryde  fitj  petur,  fat  is  to  sey,  ])Q  hows  fat  is  sette  by-  ley,  by  St. 
twene   f  e  hows   of  Salomon   chapeleyn  &  fe  hows    of   Roger  Hospital, 
Skynner,  to  be  holde  to  fee-ferme  of  hem  for  euyr,  to  hym  &  to  Brackley, 

8  hys  heyiys,  frely  &  quietly,  paynge  fere  of  yerly  v.  shillings  with 
for  aft  seruice  fat  longed"  to  hem,  at  thre  termys  by  f  e  yere,  fat 


is  to  sey,  at  Myhelmasse,  xx.  cT:   at  candeftmasse,  xx.  d1:  &  at  [Three 

.  terms  in 

wytsontyde,  xx.  oT.     They  acquityd1  fe  fore-seyde  burgage  a-   a  year.] 

1  2  geynyste  f  e  erle  *  of  f  e  ferme  of  f  e  fore-seyde  hows,  fat  is  to 
sey,  of  ix.  d1.  by  f  9  yere  ;  and  f  e  foreseyde  siluester  &  hys  heyrys 
sholde  answere  to  f  e  erle  &  to  hys  baylyfs  of  aft  of  er  customys  : 
&  for  thys  gefynge  &  grauntynge  the  fore-seyde  syluester  gafe 

1  6  to  hem  xxv.  shillings  in  warisune  :    &  they  warantnyd1  be  fore-  Purchase 

.  .  .  money, 

seyde  hows,  with  the  pertinences,  aftur  f  ®  liberte  of  byinge  &  of  ^i  5^. 

syllynge  in  f  e  cowrte  of  the  erle  in  f  e  town  of  brackeley,  to  f  e  [liberty  of 
foreseycT  syluester  &  to  hys  heyrys  a-geynyste  alt  men  &  is  wit/i-  selling.] 
20  out  date. 

[257.]     *  Chartur  of  siluester  of  brackeley  of  all  hys  tene-  *  leaf  xv 
mentes  in  brackeley.  back* 

About 
*  THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is  fat  siluester  of  brackeley  1210. 

gafe,  grauntyd1,  &  coTifermyoTwitA  hys  wrytynge,  to  god  &  to  our"  Or  28. 


lady  seynt  Marye  &  to  fe  churche  of  seyrct  lohn  baptiste  of 
24  Godestowe  &  to  the  mynchons  fere  seruynge  god1,  in-  to  pu?  &   by  Silvester 
perpetuel  almys,  for  hys  sowle  helthe  &  of  hys  wyfe  &  aunce-  °  Brackley> 
tours    &    successours,    alle   hys    tenementes    in   fe    town    of 
brackeley,  fat  is  to  sey,  fat  hows  with  f  e  pertinences  f  e  whych   of  three 
28  he  bowhte  of  william  fitj  Osebert,  Merchaunte  ;    &  fat  hows  houses> 
with  fe  pertinences  fat  he   bowht  of  fe   heyrys  of  Ernalde 
throtebolle  ;  &  fat  hows  with  f  e  pertinences  fat  he  helde  of  f  e 

1  Robert  (fitz-Parnell),  earl  of  Leicester,  1190-1204. 
O  2 


196 


Northamptonshire :  If  Brackeley 


[Brackley 

Hospital.] 

[Saier  de 
Quincy, 
earl  of 
Winches- 
ter, 1207- 

19-J 

subject  to 

quit-rents 

of9d.,6d., 

5«- 

[i.  e.  no.  256*] 

[Three 

terms  in 

a  year.] 


brethyrn  of  \>Q  hospital  of  f>e  holy  apostels  lamys  &  lohn  of 
brackeley ;  to  be  had  &  to  be  holde,  welle  &  in  pece,  frely  & 
quietly  for  euer,  paynge  yerly  to  ]>Q  lorde  Seer  of  quincy,  erle 
of  Wynchester,  ix.  <T,  for  j?e  hows  bat  he  bowht  of  william  4 
throtebolle,  Ipai  is  to  sey,  iij.  d?  at  J?e  feste  of  seynt  My  heft,  & 
iij.  d1  at  candelinasse,  &  iij.  d1  at  Mydsomer;  Also  to  J?e  same 
erle,  vj.  d1.  for  f>e  hows  Ipai  he  bowht  of  william  fit}  Osbert, 
Marchauntj  at  the  foreseyde  termys ;  Also,  for  )>e  hows  Ipai  he  8 
helde  of  \>e  bre]?eryn  of  be  hospital  of  brackeley,  v.  shillings,  to 
be  payde  to  J>e  same  brethyrn  at  f>e  foreseyde  termys :  &  f>at  hys 
gyfte  sholde  a-byde  sure  &  stable,  he  confirmycT  thys  wrytynge 
wiih  J*3  puttynge  to  of  hys  seele ;  &  is  wttA-out  date.  1 2 


About 
1210. 


Obligation 
to  Godstow, 
by  Thomas 
Turry, 
by  which 
he  sub- 
mitted his 
property  in 
Brackley  to 
distraint 
in  order  to 
secure  to 
Godstow 
due  pay- 
ment of 
i2S.  rent- 
charge. 


[258/J     An  obligacion  of  Thomas  turri  of  brackeley  of 
xij*  shillings  of  yerly  rent  for  the  londe  of  yuer&ley1. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  obligacion  is,  Ipai  Thomas  turry  of 
brackeley  bownde  aft  hys  tenauntrye  in  be  town  of  brackeley 
j^e  whych  Robert  abraham  sumtyme  helde,  in  lpe  same  town  also 
be  same  tenement  Ipai  waiter  dyer  sumtyme  helde,  to  be  abbas  16 
and  couent  of  Godestowe  or  to  he?  baylyfs,  to  dystreyne  hym  & 
hys  heyrys  or  hys  assynys,  for  xij.  shillings  of  yerly  rent,  in  lp& 
whych  he  was  bounde  to  hem  for  j?e  foreseyde  tenement,  yf  J?ey 
sesyd?  fro  ]?e  payment  of  lp&  seyde  rent  in  ony  terme  tylle  lpe  fore-  20 
seyde  rent  be  fully  paycti  In  whoos  wytnes  he  lete  make  hys 
patent  letters  to  f>e  seyde  abbas  and  couent  &  to  he?  successours : 
&  is  wiih-oui  date. 


About 
1210. 


[Steane.] 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 


f  Ai 

of  a  house 
in  Castle 
street, 


[259.]    The  charttir  of  lohn  fit^  allote  smyth  of  Stene 
of  an  hows  in  brackeley. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  charter  is  Ipai  lohn  fits  allote  smyth  of  24 
Stene  gaf  &  grauntyd1,  &  confermyd  wiih  hys  wrytynge,  to  god 
&  to  GUI'  lady  seynt  marye  &  to  seynt  lohn  baptiste  &  to  the 
abbas  of  Godestowe  &  to  ]>Q  mynchons  bere  seruynge  god,  in-to 
pur  fre  &  perpetuel  almys,  hys  hows  in  brackeley  whyche  ys  28 
sette  in  J>e  castelle  strete,  by-twene  }>e  hows  of  Roger  blake  & 
f>6  hows  of  Ranulph  swayn,  to  be  holde  &  to  be  had,  frely  & 


1  Perhaps  in  error  for  {  Brackeley.'    The  Evenley  documents  show  no  1  2s.  rent-charge. 


Northamptonshire  :  If  Brackeley  197 

quietly,  to  J?e  foreseyde  abbas  &  to  f>e  mynchons  of  Godestowe, 
in-to  pu?  &  perpetuel  almys,  for  the  helf>e  of  hys  sowle  &  for  f>e 
sowlys  of  hys  auncetwrs,  paynge  Jwof  by  yere  to  f>e  erle,  iij.  d1:  quit-rent  to 

4  and  J>e  foreseyde  lohn  &  hys  heyrys  warantijed?  &  defended1  lpQ  \OI^  3&" 
fore-seyde  hows   with  fe  pertinences  to  f>e  foreseyde  abbas  & 
mynchons  a-geynyst  ait  men  &  women,  bothe  fro  aft  maner 
exaccions  &  also  fro  aft  seculer  demaundys  :  and  Ipat  hys  gyft 

8  &  graunt  &  confirmacion  sholde  be  ferme  &  stable  for  euyr,  he 
made  hyt  stronge  by  puttynge  to  of  hys  seele  :  &  [is]  without 
date. 

[260.]     Chartur  of  Sehe?  quincy  erle  of  wynchester  of  About 
j.  marke  of  siluyr. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  Ipat  sehe?  quincy,  erle  of  Confirma- 
1  2  wynchester,  for  the  loue  of  charite,  grauntycT,  &  confirmyd?  with  stow,  by 


hys  wrytynge,  to  god  &  to  seynt  Ion  baptiste  of  Godestowe  & 

to  J>e  mynchons  J?e?  seruynge  god,  j.  marke  of  siluer  f>e  whyche  earlof  Win- 

they  were  wonyde  to  receyue  of  fe  yelde  halle  of  brackeley,  of  Of  a  rent- 


1  6  the  gyft  of  Robert,  erle  of  leycetwr1,   to  be  receyuyd  by  J>® 

hondys  of  J?e  pn'or  &  of  ]?e  bretherne  of  }>e  hospitaft  of  brackeley,  given  by 
namely,  of  a  mylle  Ipai  J?ey  heldyn  in  lp*  same  town  of  hym  to  Beaumont) 
a  fee-ferme  :   &  £>at  hys  graunt  &  confirmacion  sholde  be  sure  S^1  °^ 

20  *  for  euyr  to  f>e  fore-seyde  hows  &  to  J)e  mynchons  of  f>e  same  out  of  Hos- 
place,  he  strengtheoT  hyt  with  f>e  puttynge  to  of  hys  seele  :  &  is 
wyth-out  date. 


[261.]     The  chartur  of  dame  all}  Georgys   I-made  to  *  leaf 
william  Cotisforde  of  a  mansion  and  a  gardyne. 


March  18. 

THE  sentence  of  ]?ys  euydens  is,  ]?at  dame  alij  Georgys,  abbas  Grant  of 

24  of  Godestowe,  &  J»6  couent  of  fe  same  place,  with  on  assent  J^e  lives 

&  consent,  lete  &  toke  to  william  Cotisforde  &  to  lohne  hys  by  Gtod- 

wyfe  &  to  Richard   hys   sone,  to  aft   J>e   tmne  of  he?   lyfe,  William  of 
a  mansion  wzt^  a  gardyne,  lyynge  in  J>e  town  of  brackeley, 

28  aft  hys  pertinences,  f>e  whyche  mansion  is  sette  by-twene  J>e  and  son, 

tenement  of  j?e  foreseyde  williawi  &  f>e  tenement  of  J»e  priory  of  and  garden, 
Eynho2,  to  be  had  &  to  be  holde  (aft  J?e  foreseyde  mansion  with  aft 

1  The  four  de  Beaumont  earls  of  Leicester  were  all  Robert.    The  gift  was  about  1167 
by  the  wife  of  the  second  earl  :  see  no.  269.  3  Aynho. 


198 


Northamptonshire :  If  Brackle 


quit-rent, 
4*.    . 
[Three 
terms  in 
a  year.] 


Power  of 
distraint. 


Purchase- 
money,  78. 


[Gregory 
= March  12.] 


hys  pertinences  afore-seyde)  to  william  Cotisforde,  lohne  hys 
wyfe,  &  to  william  hys  sone,  frely,  quietly,  welle  &  in  pece,  holly 
<fe  worshypfully,  as  longe  as  f>ey  lyvyn,  paynge  ferof  yerly,  J?e 
foreseyde  william,  lohne,  &  william,  to  alt  the  terme  of  her  4 
lyfe,  to  f>e  foreseyde  abbas  &  couent  of  J>e  fore-seyde   place 
iiij.  shillings  of  syluyr  at  iij.  termys  of  J>®  yere,  pat  is  to  sey,  at 
candelmas,  xvj.  dl;   at  trtnite  soneday,  xvj.  <T;  &  at  Mihelmas, 
xvj.  dl,  for  att  seculer  seruice,  exaccion,  &  demaunde  :  &  pQ  seyde  8 
abbas  &  couent  a-foreseyde  sholde  waranti3e  acquite  &  defende 
att  pQ  foreseyde  mansyon  vfith  att  hys  pertinences  to  william 
lohne  &  william  to  the  terme  of  he?  lyfe  a-geynyst  att  pepuls : 
&  aftur  f>e  deceasse  of  }>e  foreseyde  william  lohne  &  william  att  12 
J>e  foreseyde  mansyon  vrith  hys  pertinences  shulde  turne  holly 
&  fully  a-geyne  to  J>e  foreseyde  abbas  &  couent,  wttft-ont  ony 
a-geynyst-seynge  of  hem  or  ony  of  he?  part :  $  yf  hyt  happyn 
hem,  so  Ipat  god  forbede,  to  fayle  in  he?  payment,  in  parte  or  16 
in  att,  in  ony  terme  I-ordeynycT,  }?ey  willid  &  grauntycT  Ipat  ])Q 
foreseyde   abbas  $   couent  or   her   baylyfs    sholde    entre   he? 
tenementes  to  distreyne  &  to  holde  he?  distress**  til  Ipat  hyt  were 
satisfiede  to  J>e  foreseyde  abbas  &  couent  for  att  pynges.     For  20 
J>ys  takynge  &  letynge  to  ferme  for  termys  of  he?  lyfe,  they  to 
hem  by-fore  handys  payde  vij.  shillings  of  syluer :  &  f>at  J?ys 
couenaunt,  takynge  &  letynge,  warantijynge  &  acquitynge  sholde 
byde  su^e  &  stable  thorowe  att  f>e  foreseyde  tyme,  f>ey  set  to  he?  24 
seeles  to  fys  present  wrytynge   endentycT,  euerych   a-geynyst 
oper,  lp&  date  at  Godestowe,  f>e  soneday  next  aftur  lp6  fest  of 
seynt  gregori  pope,  J?e  xxx.  ye?e  of  J?e  reyne  df  kynge  Edwarde. 


*  leaf  XVI 
or  28, 
back. 
1309, 

Sept.  21. 
Quit-claim 
to  Gtodstow, 

by  John 
and  Agnes 
Hawar- 
dyne, 
of  all  title 
in  a  God- 
stow  tene- 
ment, 


[262.]     *Chartur  of  lohn  hawardyne  of  brackeley. 

THE   sentence  of  thys  chartur   is,  Ipat  lohn   hawardyn  of  28 
brackeley,  &  agnes  f>e  dowhter  of  lohn  marsehatt  j?e  wyfe  of  J>e 
seyde  John,  relesyde  &  claymyd?  vtturly  to  be  quiet  for  euyr,  for 
hym  &  heyrys  of  hym  or  his  assinis,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuett 
almys,  witA-out  ony  wrtAholdywg1,  to  Molde  vpton,  abbas  of  3  2 
Godestowe,  &  to  J?e  couewt  of  J>e  same   place,  att   hys  ryht 
&  clayme  pat  he  had  or  myht  haue  in  ony  maner  in  att  pat 
tenement  with  att  hys  pertinences  ouer  att,  J?e  whyche  tenement 
is  sette  in  brackeley  by-twene  J?e  tenement  of  Koger  fitj  adam  36 


Northamptonshire :  If  Brackle  199 

goer  of  f e  on  partye  &  f e  tenement  of  the  same  Roger  of  f  e  of  er 
part,  f e  whyche  tenement  in  a  tyme  f e  fore-seyde  agnes,  whyle 
she  was  sole,  yeldyd  &  relesyd  to  mabyle  wafre  at  fat  tyme 
4  abbas  of  Godestowe  &  to  f e  couent  of  f e  same  place,  &  claymyd 
hyt  to  be  in  rest  vtturly  for  euyr,  in-to  fre  pu?  &  perpetuel 
almys,  to  f e  same  abbas  &  couent,  by  liyr  wrytynge,  witA-out 
ony  w^t/i-holdynge  of  hyr  or  hyr  heyrys  or  assynys,  so  fat  nof  er 
8  she,  ne  none  of  hyr  heyrys  or  assynys,  ne  no  man  in  her  name, 
neuyr  afturwarde  myht  aske  or  chalenge  ony  thynge  in  the 
fore-seyde  tenement  or  place  wt'tA  hys  pertinences:  and  fe 
foreseyde  lohn  hawardyn  &  agnes  hys  wyfe  &  heyrys  warantijid 

12  aquiticP  &  defendyd  for  euyr  aft  fat  tenement,  wythe  aft  hys 
pertinences  in  aft  places,  to  fe  fore-seyde  abbas  &  couent 
a-geynyste  aft  pepuls.  In-to  wytnys  of  fys  quiet- claymynge, 
they  sette  to  he?  seelys,  the  date  at  Oxenforde  in  Maudeleyne  [S.  Mary 

1 6  churche,  fe  soneday  in  f e  fest  of  seynt  Mathew  fe  apostele,  fe  church, 
iij.  yere  of  fe  reyne  of  kynge  Edwarde  fe  aone  of  kynge  Oxford-l 
Edwarde. 

[263.]     Chartur  of  a  mese  sette  out  to  ferme  for          1329, 
iiij.  shillings. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  fat  f e  tlmrsday  in  f  e  fest  of  Grant  of 
20  seynt  Margarete  virgin,   fe  iij.  yere  of  the  reyne   of  kynge  three  lives 


Edwarde  the  thyrde  fro  J>0  conquest,  a  conuencion  was  made 

by-twene  dame  Mariorye  dyne,   abbas   of  Godestowe,   .&   the  to  John  of 

couent  of  the  same  place  of  Ipai  on  party,  &  lohn  of  welle  of  W£fe'  an(j. 

24  brackeley,  lohne  hys  wyfe,  Richard  \*  sone  of  f>e  same  lohn  *m* 
&  lohne,  of  f>at  olper  party,  fat  is  to  sey,  fat  J?e  foreseyde 
abbas   &   couent,    for   hem   selfe   &   he?  successours,  gafe   & 

grauntyd1  to  J»e  same  lohn,  lohne,  &  Ric^ara*  j.  mese  in  brackeley,  of  a  mes- 

28  f e  mese  is  sette  nyhe  f e  hows  of  fe  seyde  lohn  of  f e  norf e  party  ag^ne' 

&  fe  hows  of  lp e  rnaystur  of  fe  hospitaft  of  aynho  of  J>e  sowfe  no*  3<5l> 
party,  to  be  had   &  to  be  holde  lp e  foreseyde  mese  -wiih  hys 

pertinences  to  lp e  foreseyde  lohn  lohne  &  Eichard1  *  and  to  her  *  ieaf 

32  assynys  to  f e  terme  of  he?  lyfe  [or]  of  oper  of  hem  lenger  lyuynge,  XVI1 
paynge  ferof  yerly  to  J>e  foreseyde  abbas  &  to  J?e  couent  &  to 

her  successours,  iiij.  shillings  of  sterlynges  at  thre  termys  of  f e  qtlit-rent 

yere,  fat  is  to  sey,  at  f e  fest  of  seynt  Myheft,  wytsonetyd1,  &  4». 


200 


Northamptonshire :   If  BracJde 


Power  of 
distraint. 


Obligation 
to  keep  in 
repair. 


candelmas,  by  euyn  porcions :  &  yf  f>e  foreseyde  rent  of  iiij. 
shillings  be  by-hynde  in  ony  terme  a-fore-seyde,  in  part  or  in 
aft,  Ipat  j?enne  hyt  sholde  be  lefuft  to  lp6  foreseyde  abbas  &  couent 
]>at  they  may,  by  he?  baylyfs,  in  JD®  foreseyde  mese,  as  weft  4 
vfith-in  as  wyth-out,  distreyne  &  reteyne  J>e  distresses  tyft  J?at 
they  be  satisfied1  fully  of  ]>Q  rent  a-foreseyde  &  J?e  foreseyde 
lohn,  lohne,  &  Richard1  shulde  susteyne  j?e  howses  of  J>e  seyde 
mese  with  her  own)  costys  :  &  J?e  foreseyde  abbas  &  couent  &  her  8 
successors  sholde  warantije  acquite  &  defende  f>®  fore-seyde 
mese  with  hys  pertinency  to  f>e  fore-seyd1  lohn,  lohne,  & 
Richard,  &  to  he?  assynys,  to  J>e  ende  of  J?e  lyf  of  bof>e  of  hem 
or  of  ]>?  olper  lenge?  ly vynge,  a-geynyst  aft  men  Ipat  byn  dedly,  1 2 
by  Ipv  seruices  afore-seyde  :  in-to  wytnes  of  J>e  whyche  J>ynge  }>e 
seelys  of  J?e  seyde  parties  were  hangycT,  to  euerych  a-geynyst 
cfyer,  to  fe  wrytynge  endentyd1  J»er-of  :  \>e  date  at  Godestowe,  J?e 
day  &  )?e  yere  a-boue  rehersydl  16 


*leaf 
XXXV  or 
45,  back. 
About 
1210. 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  WiUianj 
Foliot, 

of  an  acre, 

*  leaf 
XXXVI 
or  46. 
and  of 
another 
acre. 


[264.] 


[EVENLEY.] 

chartur  of  William  foliot  of  Euinlei  for 
j.  acre  of  londe  in  }>e  felde  of  Euinlei. 


THE  sentence  of  j>is  chartu?  is,  Ipat  william  foliot  of  Euinlei 
gafe,  graunticT,  &  confirniior,  to  god  &  to  oure  ladi  &  to  seint 
lohn  baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  J>e  minchons  there  seruinge 
god1,  in-to  pu?  &  perpetuel  almis,  j.  acre  of  his  londe  in  f>e  weste  20 
felde  of  Euinle,  J>e  whiche  is  of  J>e  fee  *  of  }>e  Erie  of  Winchester, 
Ipat  is  to  sei,  fat  londe  Ipat  lieth  bitwene  f»e  londe  of  Richard? 
mace  &  buttith  vppon  }>e  hywei  of  cherleton  ;  &  j.  o]>er  acre  Ipat 
buttith  him-self  vn-to  J>e  pathe  of  hinton,  J?e  whiche  is  of  J?e  fee  24 
of  wahuft,  &  lieth  in  necreferne J  bitwene  J>e  londe  of  hernold1 
goer  &  J?e  londe  of  pers  cheldeburi  :   to  be  had"  &  to  be  holde, 
freli   quietli   weft   &   in   pece   &  worshipfulli  fro  aft  secule? 
exaccion  &  demauncT:  &  j?e  fore-seid1  w.  &  his  heiris  waran^id?  28 
J>e  fore-seid1  ij.  acris  to  J?e  fore-seide  minchons  ageiniste  aft  men 
and?  women :  &  is  wztA-oute  date. 

1  Possibly  netreferne,  as  in  201/17. 


Northamptonshire :  1  Euinlei  201 

[265.]     *  here  biginnith  J>e  chartuB  of  Roger  foliet  fit}  *  ieaf 
William  of  Euenlei  for  x.  acris  of  londe  in  Euenlei. 

About 
THE  sentence  of  Jns  chartur  is,  \>ai  Roger  foliot  fitj  william   1215. 

of  Euinlei  gaf,  grauntid1,  &  confirmid1  to1,  Ipe  howse 2  of  his  fadur  Q^stow 
william  foliot,  to  god  &  to  oure  ladi  &  seint  lohn  baptiste  of 
4  Godestowe  &  to  Ipe  abbas  &  to  Ipe  holi  minchons  Ipere  seruinge 
god,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almis,  x.  acris  of  londe  in  the  towne  by  Roger 
of  Euinlei,  Ipai  is  to  sei,  v.  acris  arable  in  Ipe  Est  felde,  &  v.  acris  ten  acres, 
in  J>e  weste  felde, 

8      oon  of  Ipe  which  is  of  fe  fee  of  sire  seere,  erle  of  Winchester,  [Saier  de 
&  is  vpporc  purfurlonge,  bitwene  Ipe  londe  of  Richard1  j^e  sone  of 
mace  of  Brackelei  &  J?e  londe  of  Gilbert  childeber;  an-oj?er  is 
a-geiniste  f>e  mille  of  cuttille,  &  buttife  vppow  Ipe  forow  of  Ipe   19-] 

12  prouoste  at  j.  hede  &  vppon  J>e  forow  of  Eaph  carter  at  J?e  of>er  ^ 
hede ;  Ipe  iij.  acre  is  vppon  Ipe  fornecre,  bitwene  too  halfe  acris 
of  Ipe  foreseid1  Richarde  Ipe  sone  of  Mace  ;  J>e  iiij.  acre  is  vppon 
longe  of  J?e  fee  of  f>e  erle,  and  fallith  in-to  lp e  hiwei,  &  liethe 

1 6  bitwene  fe  londe  of  Richard1  mace  &  f>e  londe  of  Richard 
childeber;  |?e  v.  acre  is  in  micdelbroche,  of  Ipe  fee  of  f>e  erle, 
&  strecchith  in-to  a  croft  of  lohn  craton ;  J>e  vj.  &  f>e  vij.  acris 
bin  at  edwardisburielis,  of  J?e  fee  of  wahutt,  nih  J>e  londe  of 

20  Raph  fit}  waiter  &  f>e  londe  of  pers  childeber ;  J>e  viij.  acre 
is  vppon  Gorbrode,  of  )?e  fee  of  Ipe  erle,  bitwene  J?e  londe  of 
Richard1  mace  &  J?e  londe  of  Gilbert  of  childeber,  &  in  est  perte 
hit  strecchith  vppon  J?e  forow  of  Raph  waiter;  &  j.  acre,  Ipe 

24  whiche  is  of  Ipe  fee  of  J?e  erle  of  Winchester,  \>at  is  to  sei,  Ipai 
acre  Ipai  lithe  bitwene  Ipe  londe  of  Richard1  mace  &  buttith  vppon 
Ipe  wei  of  cherlton ;  &  j.  acre  Ipai  buttith  hit-selfe  vnto  the  patthe  [Charlton.j 
of  hynton,  Ipe  whiche  is  lp  e  fee  of  wahuft,  &  lieth  in  netreferne  [Hinton-in- 

38  bitwene  J>e  londe  of  hernolde  Goe?  &  J>e  londe  of  pers  childeber:   the-hedge8-l 

to  be  had  &  to  be  holde,  of  him  &  of  his  heiris,  freli,  pesibli, 
worshipfulli,  &  quietli  for 5  alt  seruice  :  so  \>ai  Ipe  seid"  Roge? 
foliot  &  his  heiris  waran^id?  to  the  fore-seide  abbas  of 

32  Godestowe  &  to  J?e  holi  minchons  Ipere  seruinge  god1  Ipat  fre 
almis  a-geiniste  att  men  &  women  liuinge,  bi  his  owne  costes,  & 

1  Omit  to.  donum,  i.  e.  house,  when  it  should  have  been 

2  « donun '  (sic)  in  the  Latin.    The  trans-       gift. 

lator  has  wrongly  read  domum,  instead  of          3  Bead  *  from.' 


202 


Northamptonshire :  If  Euintei 


with  such 
pasture 
and  other 
rights  as 
went  with 
them. 


About 


tionof265. 


About 
1215. 

Confirma- 
tion of  265. 

About 
1215. 


Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Eleanor, 
widow  of 
William 
Foliot, 


of  4<L  quit- 
rent 

[Widow's 
jointure.] 
over 
no.  265. 
[Assump- 
tion of 
Mary  = 
Aug.  15 ; 
Annuncia- 
tion, 
March  25.] 


acquitid1  fro  aft  exaccion  &  demaunde  &  fro  aft  seruice  owtewarde 
&  inwarde  for  euir :  also  he  grauntid1  to  J>e  fore-seide  abbas  of 
Godestowe  &  to  J»e  holi  minchons  Ipere  seruinge  god1,  with  Ipe  fore 
namicT  acris,  fedinge,  &  aft  olper  eisementes  in  weys,  pathis,  in  4 
waturis,  in  goinges  oute,  in  pasturis,  &  aft  olper  places,  &  liberteis 
perteininge  to  so  moni  acris :  &  bat  his  graunt  gifte  &  confirmacion 
shulde  be  sure  &  stable,  he  put  to  his  seele  :  &  is  with-oute  date. 

[266.]  Chartur  of  Robert l  foliot  of  Euinlei,  confirminge 
J>e  gifte  of  x.  acres  a-fore  rehersid?:  &  is  J?e  same 
a-fore,  worde  for  worde. 

[267.]    Anofer  chartur  of  william l  foliet,  confirminge  fe 
same,  vndu?  }>e  forme  I-wrete  a-fore. 

[268.]    A  chartur  of  elenor  of  euinlei  sum-time  fe  wife 
of  william  foliot  resininge  iiij.  d1  of  rente. 

THE  sentence  of  £is  chartur  is,  Ipat  Elenore  Ipe  wife  sum-time  8 
of  w.  foliot  of  Euinlei  in  fre  widewhode,  beinge  aftur  be  decese 
of  w.  foliot  he?  husbonde,  resinid  &  quiet-claimyd  vtturli  for 
hi?  for  euir,  to  god  &  to  ou?  ladi  &  to  Ipe  house  of  seint  lohn 
baptiste  of  Godestowe  &  to  )?e  minchons  "pere  seruinge  god1,  for  12 
Ipe  helpe  of  his  soule  &  of  he?  aunceturs  &  successours,  iiij.  d1  of 
rente  Ipe  which  clarice  Ipat  was  sum-time  Ipe  wife  of  Siluester 
of  brackelei  paid1  to  hi?  yerli,  Ipat  is  to  sei,  for  Ipe  iij.  parte  of  Ipe 
x.  acris  of  londe  in  Ipe  felde  of  Euinlei,  vndur  Ipe  name  of  dowri,  16 
Ipe  whiche  she  was  wonid1  to  receiue  at  to  tmnis  of  Ipe  yere,  Ipat 
is  to  sei,  at  Ipe  assumsion  of  oure  ladi,  ij.  d1;  &  at  be  annunciacion, 
ij.  d1:  &  Ipat  hi?  resininge  &  quite-claiminge  sholde  be  sure,  she 
strengthicThit  with  Ipe  puttinge  to  of  he?  seele:  &  is  with-oute  date.  20 

[FAKTHINGHO  :   see  in  nos.  269,  270,  275.] 


[HALSO.] 


[269.] 


*  Of  ij.  marke  and  an  half  yeve  by  the 
Erie  of  leycefor. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  J>at  'Robert,  Erie  of 


*  leaf  XLVIII 
or  58.  About 
113f. 

Grant  to  Godstow, 
by  Robert  (Bossu), 
second  earl  of  Lei-  ieicetiw,  jaf  &  grauntid  to  the  churcn  of  seynte  lohn  of 


Possibly  brother  of  Roger,  of  no.  265. 


Northamptonshire  :  1f  Halso  203 

Godestowe,  in-  to  perpetuel  almys,  the  rente  of  two  marke  cester,  m8-68,  of 
&  a  halfe  in  halshpw.     And  amye1,  countesse,  hys  wyfe, 
3af  &  grauntid  to  f  e  same  place  the  rente  of  two  marke,  and 
4  of  f  e  which  oon  marke  in  brackley  &  anof  er  in)  ferynghow,   grant  to  Godstow, 


&  fat  with  his  concede;  &  oon  plow-londe  f«t2  he  had  cot^Sssf  of  J3*.  4d 

fere,  &  bat  be  men  bat  sew  hit  be  quite  fro  eryng-  &  in  Brackley,  and 

0    .       .  _,„          /    B.  13*.  4&  in  Farth- 

harowyng1,  mowyng1,   sowyng1,  &  heyingi     Where-fore  he  ingho,  and  grant 


8  coramaundid  the  foresayde  churche  to  holde  hit  of  hym 

&  of  his  eyeris,  weft  &  in  pece,  frely  &  quitly,  al  so  welle  Halso],  with  ex- 

quietly  &  frely  as  euer  he  helde  hit  hym  selfe.     These  beyng1  labour  on  the 

wytnys,  Raph  spenser,  &  mony  of  er  :  &  is  wM-owte  date.  demesne-land- 

[270.]    Robert,  Erie  of  leyceter,  graunted?  the  same      About 
aforesaicT. 

12      THE  sentence  of  this  c<wfmnacion  is,  fat  Robert,   Erie  of  Confirma- 
leicetw,  fe  sone  of  Eob^rt,  Erie,  by  the  concent  of  pernel3,   ^odstow 
Countesse,  his  wyfe,  &  of  his  eyeris,  for  J?e  sowlys  of  his  fadur  by  Robert 
Eob^rt  &  his  modur  Amye  &  for  fe  helth  of  his  own  sowle  &  of  mains),  " 


1  6  pernel  his  wyfe  &  of  his  aunceturs  &  successoures,  grauntid 

&  confermyd  to  Ipe  mynchons  of  Godestowe  a  jyfte  fat  his  fadur  Leicester, 
3af  to  hem  in  halso  &  fe  jyfte  fat  his  modur  3af  to  hem  in  of  noT**?. 
brackley  &  feryngho,  as  f  e  charter  of  his  fadur  f  e  which  fey 

20  hauen  wytnyssyth  &  cowfermyth  to  fern,  in-to  perpetuel  almys 
to  be  holde  :  wherefore  he  wolde  &  commaundyd  fat  f  e  fore- 
sayde mynchons  scholde  haue  &  holde  the  foresayde  ^jftes  of  his 
fadur  &  modur  welle  &  worschipfully,  free  &  quyte  fro  alle 

24  seculer  seruice,  m-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  as  f  e  charter 
of  his  fadur  wytnyssenyd,  in  f  e  which  is  I-schewyd  what  his 
fadur  &  his  modur  }af  to  them.  [Wytnes  :  —  ]  Perneft,  his  wyfe, 
wylliam  4  his  sone,  &  of  er  :  &  is  with-owte  date. 

[271.]     *  A  Confirmaciori)  of  the  Erie  of  Leyceter,  I-made  *  leaf  155, 
to  the  mynchons  of  Godestowe,  confermyng1  the  A^[t 
yifte  fat  his  fadir  yave  to  them  in  halso.  nso. 

28      THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  that  fitj  Robert,  Erie  of  Duplicate 
leyceter,  willed?  to  be  know  to  aft  his  men  and  frendes,  that  he,  °f  27°' 

1  Amice  Waher,    daughter    of   Kalph,  8  Petronilla  de  Grentemesnil,  of  Hink- 

earl  of  Norfolk.  ley. 

8  MS.  has  <  J>at  J>at.'  *  William  (the  leper)  de  Beaumont. 


204  Northamptonshire:  Halso 

by  the  graunte  of  pernylle,  countesse,  his  wyf,  and  of  his  heires, 
for  the  soulis  of  his  fadir  and  modir,  and  for  the  helthe  of  his 
owne  soule  and  of  Pernylle,  Countesse,  his  wyf,  and  of  his 
Auncetowrs  and  successours,  grauntecT,  and  confermecT,  to  the  4 
mynchons  of  Godestowe,  the  yifte  that  his  fadir  yaf  to  them  in 
halso,  and  the  yifte  that  his  modir  yaf  to  them  in  Brakley  and 
in  Fernyngho,  as  the  charter  of  there  fadir,  the  which  they  haue, 
witnessith  and  confermyth  to  them,  in  perpetuel  almesse,  to  be  8 
hold1:     Wherfor    he    willed1  and    charged?   that   the    forsaide 
mynchons  ahold1  haue  and  hold1  the  forseicT  yiftis  of  his  fadir 
and   of  his   modir,    wele    and    worshipfully,   fre    and    quyte 
fro    alt    seculer    smiyce,    into    pure   and    perpetuel    almesse,  12 
as  the  charter   of   his   fadir    witnessith,  in  the  which  hit  is 
I-shewed1  what  his  fadir  and  modir  yaf  to  them.     These  beyng1, 
&  cetera. 


*leaf 
XLVIU 
or  58, 
back. 
About 
1215. 
Exchange 
between 
Godstow 
and 
*leaf 
XLIX 
or  59. 
Saier  de 
Qtiincy, 
earl  of 
Winches- 
ter, 
of  lands. 


[272.]     *  A  couenaunt  of  iij.  acris  and  iij.  rodis  &  an 
half. 

THE   sentence   of   this   couenaunt    I-maade   by-twen   saere  16 
Quyncy,  Erie  of  Wynchestwr,  &  Julian,  abbesse  of  Godestow, 
&  f>°  couent  of  be  same  place,  J>at  is  to  say,  bat  J?e  same  saere 
jaf  to  ))e  fore  *  saide 1  Abbesse  and  covent  iij.  acres  of  lond1  and 
iij.  Rodes  and  an  half  in  the  Feldes  of  halso,  that  is  to  sey,  20 
iij.  acres  liyng1  in  longefurlange  vttermost  toward1  the  lond1  of 
the  towne  men,  And  iij.  Rodes  and  an  half  of  lond1  in  thunfur- 
lange  next  the  sike  mennys  acre  of  Brakley  2,  to  be  hold1  and  in 
pease  to  be  possessed1,  in-to  pure  and  perpetuel  almesse,  vnto  24 
eschaunge  of  iij.  acres  of  lond1  the  which  the  forsaid?  Abbesse 
and  Covent  yaf  to  the  fore-named?  Saere  Quency  and  to  his 
heires  of  her  crofte  and  half 3,  for  ever  to  be  hold1,  as  they  ben 
departed?  by  markes.   And  into  the  confirmacion)  of  this  chaunge  28 
the  parties  of  this  convenciofD  of  this  pagent 4  afore  put  to  theire 
Thise  beyng1  witnesse,  &  cetera. 


1  A  different  hand  begins  on*'  leaf j,  59. 
In  the  MS.  the  y  is  no  longer  dotted,  nor 
the  headlines  marked  with  H. 

3  i.  e.  Brackley  Hospital. 


3  For  and  half  read  in  Halso.  The 
Latin  is :  *  de  crofto  suo  in  Halso  in  per- 
petuum  tenendig.' 

*  Latin  'pagina.' 


Northamptonshire  :  Halso  205 

[273.1     *  A  quyte-clayme  of  Raynold?  of  halso  of  j.  yerct  *  leaf 

,      -p  XL  viii 

lon(r-  or  58. 

About 
THE  sentence  of  this  confirmation  is,  f>at  Reynolde  of  halso,    1220. 

in  the  wey  of  charite  &  for  his  sowle  &  of  his  aunceturs,  jaf  Go<Stow, 


&  with  his  charter  corafermyd  to  god  &c.  a  ^erde  of  londe  in 

4  halso,  oon,  f>at  is  to  say,  of  them  f>at  sche  *  helde  in  ]>e  tyme  of  a  yard- 

of  the  wydewhode  of  here  *  modur  moolde,  with  ait  pertinences 

&  aysemerctes,  to  be  had  &  to  be  holde  of  hym  &  of  his  eyeris 

for  euer,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  almys,  free  &  quyte  fro  all 

8  sendee  &  exaccion  &  demaunde.     And  he  &  his  eyeris  scholde 

maynteyne  &  warenti^e  to  J>e  foresayde  mynchons  the  foresayde 

londe  ouer  aft  &  agaynste  aft  men,  &  acquite  them  of  aft  maner 

seculer  seruice.     And  j>at  his  syfte  my3ht  be  stable  &  sure,  he 

12  put  to  his  seele  to  this  wrytyng1:   These  beyng^  wytnys:  &  is 

wit/i-owte  date. 

[274.]     Of  the  same  yerd?  load?.  About  1220. 

THE  sentence  of  this  confirmacion  is,  [Margaret  2]  cowntesse  Confirmation 
of  wynchestwr,  beyng1  in  here  own  lawfuft  power  &  wydew-  *  leaf        ' 


16  hode,  jaf  &  co/iferrnyd  f>e  same  jerdelonde  Tpat,  *  reynolde  of 

halso  jaf  to  mynchons  of  Godestow  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  by  Margaret, 


almys,  as  the  charter  of  the  foresayde  wytnyssyth  ;  &  [to]  this 

coTifirmacion  sche  put  to  here  seele:   These  beyng1  wytnys  as  feudal 

0    .        .,,  superior,  of 

20  &c.  :  &  is  wtt^-owte  date.  no.  273. 

[275.]     *  A  Charter  of  Roger  Quyncy.  XLIX  or  59 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Roger  Quyncy,  Erie  1260. 
of  Wynchester  and  constable  of  Scotlond?,   for  the   helthe  Grant  to 
of    his    sowle   and   of    the    sowlis   of    his    avnceters    and   Roger  Quincy, 
24  successours,  relessed1  and  quyte-claymed1  to  the  Abbesse  of  ^Shester°f 
Godestow,    and   to   her   successours,    for    her   persones   aft   1219-64, 
maner  of  sutes  of  her  Courtes,  the  which  sutes  they  owed1  from  attend- 
to  them  for  londes  and  tenawntries  the  which  they  holden)  anc< 

1  'Sche'   and  'here'   are   in  error  for  Saier  de  Quincy  earl  of  Winchester  (who 
'he*  and    'his.'     The   Latin   is:    '  imam  died  1219),  owned   the  Halso  estate,   as 
scilicet  ex  illis  quam  tenui  tempore  vidui-  co-heiress    of   her    brother    Robert    (fitz- 
tatis  Matildis  matris  mee,'  Parnell),  fourth  earl  of  Leicester. 

2  Margaret    (de  Beaumont),   widow  of 


206 


at  his 
manorial 
courts,  except 
by  their 
steward  on 
occasion  of  the 
king's  writ 

but  the  obliga- 
tion of  attend- 
ance is  re- 
tained on 
Godstow 
tenants. 


Northamptonshire :   Halso 


of  his  'fee  in  halso,  Brakley,  and  farnyngho,  So  nathelesse 
that,  yf  necle   were  the  sewters  of  the  forsaicT  court  sholcT 
come  fully  to  the  strengthe  of  the  courte  for  the  kyngis  breef 
or  writte  ther  to  be  denied?  at  that  tyme,  the  said1  Abbesse  4 
and  her  successours  whan  they  ben)  resonably  somoned?  shul 
send1  thedir   then5   certayn)    steward1:    but   the?    tenauntes 
shold1  come  to  the  said1  courte,  as  they  were  I-woned1  to  do. 
In-to   witnesse   of  this  he  put  his  seale  to   this   writyng\  8 
Thise  beyng1  witnesse  &  cetera. 


*leaf 
XL  VIII 
or  58, 
back. 
1279, 
May  17. 
Confirma- 
tion to 
Godstow, 
by  Ela, 
lady 

Zouche  of 
Ashby,  of 
her  great- 
great- 
grand- 
parents' 
and  other 
predeces- 
sors' gifts 
(nos.  269 
and  270), 
[Roger  de 
Quincy, 
earl  of  Win- 
chester, 
die^l  1264.] 
[Alan  le 
Zouche,  of 
Ashby, 
d.  ,269.] 
and  grant 
of  addi- 
tional 
privileges. 


[276.]     *  A  confirmaciofi)  of  Elene  Such  of  the  tenemeutis 
and  rentis  aforsaid1  &  cetera. 

THE  sentence  of  this  confirmacion  is  that  elene  Such,  dowghter 
&  eyere  of  goode  sire  Roger  Quyncy,  sumtyme  Erie  of  Wyn- 
chestitr,  after  sche  had  say  the  charters  of  goode  sirys  Robert  12 
sumtyme  erle  of  leicetur  Ipe  eldur  &  of  Robert  of  the  same  place 
the  jungur,  vppon  f»e  ry:jhtes  &  possessiouns  of  the  ladyis  of 
Godestow  abbesse  &  Couente,  in  the  londys  tenemewtes  rentes 
&  olper  ry:jhtes  longyngp  to  the  sayde  religiouse  women  in  the  16 
town   of  halso  &  brackley  (J>at  is  to  say,   the    charters   not 
cancellyd  or  crossyd,  not  destroyid  ne  defoyllyd  in)  no  parte, 
of  Ipe  jyftes  &  confirm acions  of  the[m]),  She,  wyllyng1  goode 
wylle,   eue[n]   like  as  they  had,  to   J>e   same   holy  religiouse  20 
women  to  continue  with  goode  wylle,  grauntid  &  confermyd  by 
the  tenoure  of  this  presente  wrytyng-  alle  &  euerych  syftes  in) 
the  fore-namyd  places,  for  ]>e  helth  of  here  sowle  &  of  here 
faf>er  sire  Roger  Quyncy  &  of  here  eyeres,  so  J>at  Ipey  scholde  24 
haue  in  mynde  the  sowlys  Afore  in  alle  here  prayeris  suffrages 
&  benefettes  for  euer,  in-to  pure  &  perpetuel  Almys ;  with  J>ys 
more,  \>ai  ]>e  foresayde  Abbesse  &  couente  for  here  selfe  &  alle 
here  men  be  free  &  quiet  of  scuage  &  sute  of  here  myllys.     And  28 
fe  foresayde  elene  and  here  eyeris  waranti^ed  &  defendid  for 
euer  aft  &  euerych  Ipe  sayde  5yftes  &  cowfirmacions  in  ]>e  fore- 
namyd  places  to  pe  fore-sayde  abbesse  &  to  here  successoures  in 
aft  maner  thynges  agaynste  Aft  men,  &  defendid  them  for  euer.  32 
In-to  wytnys  of  this  thyng1  sche  put  to  here  seele.     The  date  at 
halso,  the  wonysday  Afore  wytsonday,  the  seuenyth  jere  of  Ipe 
reyne  of  kyng^  Ed \varde  the  sone  of  kyng-  henry. 


Northamptonshire  :  Halso  207 

[277.]    Ale^reof  attowrney  of  the  possession  of  the  same.  1296, 

April  o. 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is,  fat  Elene  Such  ordeynyd,   Letter  of 
made,  &  sette,  here  welle  louyd  &  trow  syre  wyllyam  Gadeby 
here  stywarde  &  atturney  to  take  in  here  name  &  place  to 
4  fabbesse  of  Godestow  &  here  couente  or  to  f>ere  atturney  futt  Zouche, 
&  pesible  sesynyng1  of  fowre  acris  &  halfe  a  rodde  of  arable  exchange 
londe  &  of  a  pasture  in  the  feldis  of  halso,  after  Ipe  tenowre  of  specified  in 
here  charter  the  which  she  maade  to  J»e  same  of  fe  foresayde 
8  londe  &  pasture  in  Ipe  fore-sayde  feldis  of  halso.     Furpermore, 
she  ordeynyd  &  set  the  foresayde  sire  wylliam  here  atturney  to 
receyue  in  here  name  full  sesynyng1  of  fowre  acres  &  a  halfe 
&  of  halfe  a  rodde  of  arable  londe  &  of  oon  pasture  in  commune 

12  of  thorney  of  halso,  after  J?e  tenowre  of  Ipe  charter  }?at  Ipe  fore- 
sayde abbesse  maade  there-of  to  here.  In-to  wytnys  of  this  she 
put  to  here  seele  to  J?ys  presente  wrytyng.  The  date  At 
swanyshey,  the  moneday  nexte  Afore  Ipe  feste  of  seyntes  tiburce  [Tiburcius 

16  &  Valerian,  the  fowre  &  twentyeth  ^ere  of  Ipe  reyne  of  kyng1  rian  = 
Edwarde  the  sone  of  kyng>  henry.  Apr>  I4<-1 

[278.]    *  A  Charter  I-made  bitwene  dame  Elene  Sucli      *  leaf 
&  the  Abbesse  of  G-odstowe.  or  59. 


THE  sentence  of  this  chartir  is,  that  the  Sonday  xv.  dayes 
after  Ester,  f>e  yere  of  the  reigne  of  kyng1  Edward1  the  sone  of 

20  kyng  harry  the  xxiiij.,  it  was  accorded,  bitwene  dame  Elene   Godstow 
Suche  of  the  one  partie  And  the  Abbesse  of  Godestow  and  the  j^y    a> 
Covent  of  the  other  partie,  that  is  to  sey,  that  the  forsaid?  dame 
Elene  yaf  graunted1,  &  with  this  present  charter  conformed1,  for 

24  her  and  her  heires  and  her  assignes,  to  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and 
Covent  of  the  hous  aforesaid1,  iiij.  acres  and  an  half  acre  and  half 
a  Eode  of  arable  lond?  in  the  feldes  of  Halso,  liyng^  nygh  the   of  lands, 
hornys  crosse,  of  the  which  one  hede  buttith  toward1  the  hornes- 

28  crosse  and  the  other  hede  vpon  the  forow  of  Adam  Eede,  the 
whiche  he  holdith  in  vilenage  or  bondage  of  the  said?  dame 
Elene,  into  an  eschaunge  of  iiij.  acres  and  an  half  and  half 
a  rode  of  lond1  liyng1  in  J>e  thorneholte  of  Halso,  the  which  lond? 

32  the  forseid?  Abbesse  and  Covent  had?  of  the  yifte  of  the  aunceturs 
of  the  forsaid?  dame  Elene,  to  be  hold1  and  to  be  had?  (the  forsaid1 
lond?  toward?  hornescrosse,  with  fre  entreng1  and  goyng1  out)  to 
the  forsaid?  Abbesse  and  to  her  "  successours  for  euer,  of  the 


208 


with  grant 
of  rights  of 
pasture  for 
one  month 
for  the 
convent 
plough- 
team  of 
eight  oxen, 
and  for  two 
mares,  in 
lady 
Zouche's 
demesne- 
pasture 
of  Halso 
manor, 
[Easter  as 
date  of 
beginning 
pasture  of 
oxen  and 
mares.] 


*  leaf 
XLIX 
or  59, 
back. 


[Enclosure 
of  land.] 

[Gret- 
worth.] 
in  ex- 
change 
for  God- 
stow  pas- 
ture in 
'the  Thorn- 
holt.' 


Northamptonshire :  Halso 

forsaid1  dame  Elene,  here  heires,  or  her  assignes,  into  pure  and 
perpetuel   almesse.       Furthermore,    the   for-saicT    dame   Elene 
grauntith,  for  her  and  for  her  heires  and  her  assignes,  to  the 
forsaid?  Abbesse,  her  covent,  and  to  her  successours,  pasture  to  4 
her  owne  viij.  plough  oxen  and  to  her  iji  maris  in  her  demayn) 
pasture  in  Halso,  into  eschaunge  of  a  pasture  that  the  said1 
abbesse  and  Covent  had?  in  the  thorne-holte  of  halso,  that  the 
said1  viij.  oxen  and  ij.  maris  of  the  abbesse  and  Covent  begynne  8 
frely  to  entre  with  the  ladies  oxen  into  the  forsaide  pasture,  and 
fede  theire  oxen,  where-so^ever  the  oxen  of  the  maner  of  halso 
feden,  pesibly  and  holy  thurgft  one  monthe  and  no  more  every 
yere  for  ever,  al  so  sone  as  the  oxen  and  the  maris  of  the  forsaid1 1 2 
dame  Elene  and  her  heires  or  her  assignes  commonely  entir  the 
said1  pasture,  and  specialy  ben  I-fed?  yerely  in  the  same  aftir 
Estir,  to  be  hold1  and  to  be  had1  (the  said?  pasture)  into  pure  and 
perpetuel  almesse,  in  the  forsaid?  fowrrne :  and  the  forsaide  dame  16 
Elene,  hir  heires,  or  hir  assignes,  shold1  warantie  acquyte  and 
defende  the  forsaid1  lond1,  with  the  pasture  aforeseid1,  in  the 
fourmQ  afore  I- write,  to  the  *  forsaid?  Abbesse  and  Covent  and  to 
her  suceessours,  ayenst  alt  men :    and  for  this  gifte,  graurit,  and  20 
confirmaciofi),  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  Covent  yaf,  graunted?,  and 
quyteclaymed?,  for  her  self  and  her  successours,  to  the  forsaid? 
dame  Elene,  and  to  her  heires  or  her  assignes,  into  eschaunge 
the  forsaid1  iiij.  acres  and  half  acre  and  half  a  rode  of  lond?,  24 
liyng1  in  the  thorneholte  in  the  feldes  of  halso,  the  which  the 
same  dame  Elene  made  newly  to  be  closed?  in,  of  the  which 
lond1  one  butte  lieth  with-out  the  diche  of  the  said1  close  toward? 
the  thorneholt  of  gritworth,    to-gedir  with   the   commune  of  28 
a  pasture  the  whiche  the  forsaid1  abbesse  and  Covent  had?  and 
claymecT  in  the  forsaicT  thorneholte  of  Halso,  to  be  hold1  and  to 
be  had1  (the  forsaid?  lond1,  with  the  forsaide  commone  of  pasture), 
to  the  forsaid?  dame  Elene  and  to  her  heires  or  her  assignes  for  32 
ever,  Of  the  chief  lordes  of  the  fee,  frely  quyetly  and  pesibly 
for  eve?.     And  the   forsaid1  Abbesse   and   Covent  warantijed1 
aquyted?  and  defended1  for  ever,  vnto  the  forsaid1  dame  Elene  and 
to  her  heires  or  her  assignes,  aft  the  forsaid1  lond1,  with  the  36 
commone  of  pasture  aforsaid!     In-to  witnesse  of  the  which,  they 
put  to  this  present  writyng1  theire  scales,  and?  sealed?  hit  everich 
to  other.     Thise  beryngp  witnesse,  &  cetera. 


209 

OXFORDSHIRE 
[ASTHALLEIGH,  by  Burford.] 

[NOTE.  —  It  is  not  clear  to  me  whether  the  first  and  second  deeds  in  this  series  do, 
or  do  not,  refer  to  the  same  yardland.  If  not,  there  is  no  further  notice  of  the  first 
yardland.  This  Asthalleigh,  or  Asthallingleigh,  occurs  in  the  Hundred  Kolls  and 
in  old  Gazetteers  as  a  hamlet  in  Asthall  parish,  i.  e.  on  the  Windrush,  about 
three  miles  east  of  Fulbrook,  which  is  a  hamlet  of  Burford.  Thomas  Warton,  in  his 
History  of  Kiddington,  mentions  a  place  with  a  similar  name,  Asterley  or  Asteley, 
as  a  decayed  parish  merged  in  Kiddington.  For  Reginald  of  St.  Valerie  see 
PP-  38,  39-  In  1540,  at  the  dissolution  (Monast.  iv.  372),  Burford  Hospital  was  still 
paying  the  125.  quit-rent  for  this  property.] 


[279.]     *  A  chartur  of  HeynolcT  fist  wydo  to  h.  of         *  leaf  vi 

or  is, 

back< 

About 


_-__.+  m  or  is, 

seynt  w.  back< 


THE   sentence   of  thys  chartur   is,  that   Reynold   of  seynt 
Walery,  the  sone  of  GwycT,  yaf  &  grauntycT  to  henri  of  seynt   Henry  of 
walery  for  homage  &  hys  seruice  that  yerd1  of  londe  in  the  byReginald 

4  fraunchyse  of  Estallingleye,  wiih  alt  hys  pertinences,  the  whych  °£|t.  Va- 
Robert  the  sone  of  ordrich  held1.     Furthermore  the  seyd  R.   ofWido, 
wyllid  the  forseyd  H.  to  haue  &  hold1,  of  hym  &  hys  heyrys,  to 
hym  &  hys  heyrys,  the  fore-  say  de  londe  frely  &  vtturly  vndur 

8  a  yerly  rent  of  xij.  <T  to  be  payd1  to  opichi  l  &  hys  heyrys  at  subject  to 
Estallingleye  at  to  termys  of  the  yer,  that  is  to  sey,  at  cristmas  2 
vj.  d1,  at  Michaelmas  vj.  d1,  for  aft  seruice  and  demaundis  that 
longyn  to  hym  or  to  hys  heyrys,  sauynge  the  seruice  dewe  to  the 

12  kynge  also  muche  as  longythe  to  that  yerdlonde.  And,  for 
the  seyde  Reynolde  of  seynt  walery  &  hys  heyrys  warantysyd 
the  seyd  londe  with  hys  pertinences  to  the  seyd  H.,  he  *  yaf  to 
the  forseyd  R.  for  thys  yft  &  graunt  v.  Marke  of  syluer  in  Purohase- 

16  gerssum.  And  fat  thys  yft  shuld'not  be  dowtfutt  to  no  man,  he 
sett  to  hys  seele  :  &  is  witfc-out  date. 

1  '  Operichi  '  in  the  Latin.  MS.    '  Natale    Domini  :     Festum  Sancti 

3  These  strange  half-yearly  terms  are       Michaelis.' 
faithfully  translated  from  the  Exchequer 


210 


Oxfordshire :  Estallingley 


*  leaf  VI 
or  18, 
back. 
About 
1200. 
Sale  to 
Henry  of 
St.  Valerie, 
by  Reginald 
of  St.  Va- 
lerie, of  a 
yardland, 
subject  to 
id.  quit- 
rent  to 
St.  Frides- 
wyde's 
priory, 


[Purchase- 
money,  £4.] 
and  to  Alan 
of  Ful- 
brook's  and 
his  wife's 
life- 
interests. 


[28O.] 


*  a  chartur  of  B.  of  seynt  walery  to  h.  of  seynt  w. 
of  J>e  lond1  in  estallingley. 


THE   sentence  of  thys  cbartur   is,    that   Reynold   of  seynt 
Walery  hathe  granntyd  &  yaf,  Also  hathe  confermyd1  with  hys 
chartur,  to  henry  of  seynt  walery,  for  hys  homage  &  seruice, 
j.    yerd1  of  lond1  in   the    town   of   astringley  *   with   alt    hys  4 
pertenencys,  that  lond1  the  whyche  Aleyn  fulbroc  held1  of  hym. 
The  forseyd1  yerd-londe  he  willid  to  be  holde  &  hadde  of  hym 
&  hys  heyrys  to  the  forseyd1  henry  &  hys  heyrys  or  assynys, 
frely,  quietly,  pesybly  &  hoole  fro  aft  accion,  exaccion  &  alt  8 
seruice,  savinge  the  ryaft,  paynge  the?-of  yerly  to  the  prior 
of  seynt  Frideswyth  j.  d1  in  the  day  of  seynt  Michael  :   &  for 
thys  graunt,  yeft  &  confirmacion  the  forseyd1  henry  of  seynt 
walery  yaf  to  the  forseyd1  R.  of  seynt  walery  vj.  Marke  of  syluer  12 
byfore  handy  s.     And  the  seyd  alane  of  fulbruc  &  hys  wyfe  shuft 
holde  the  forseyd  yercT-londe  all  the  days  of  her  lyfe,  and  aftur 
he?  decease  the  fore-namyd  yerdlond1  shal  turne  hoole  to  h.  of 
seynt  walery  or  to  hys  assinis.     And,  that  thys  graunt,  yeft  16 
&  confirmacion  shuld  be  sure  afturwarcT,  the  seyd  R.  put  to  hys 
seele  :  &  is  with-out  date. 


*  leaf  VII 
or  10. 
About 
1210. 

Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Henry  of 
St.  Valerie, 


of  the  serf 
Alan,  his 
family,  and 
his  land  (as 
in  no.  280). 


[281.] 


*  a  chartur  of  henry  of  seynt  walery  of  j.  yerde 
londe  in  Estallingeley. 


THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is  that  Henry  of  seynt  walery 
yaf  grauntyd1  &  confermyd1  with  hys  wrytynge  to  the  churche  of  20 
God  &  of  seynt  lohn  Baptist  of  Godstowe  &  to  the  holy  Mynchons 
there  serumge  god,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  sowle  &  of  the  sowlys 
of  hys  aunceturs  &  of  hys  hyerys,  Alan  of  Estallingeleye  with 
hys  chyldryn  that  comyn  of  hym  ;  j.  yerdlond1  in  Estallingleie,  24 
the  whyche  the  same  Aleyn  holdyth,  the  whyche  he  bowht 
of  Roge?  of  seynt  walery,  the  forseyd  h.  of  seynt  walery  wyllyd 
the  forseyd1  holy  mynchons  to  hold1  &  to  haue  to  hew  in-to  free 
&  perpetual  almys,  doynge  to  the  kynge  &  to  hys  heyrys  seruice  28 
that  he  owyd1  to  do  to  hem,  as  hyt  is  conteynyd  in  the  chartur 
of  the  same  Roge?  :  and  that  hyt  myht  byde  sure,  he  put  to  hyt 
hys  seele  :  &  is  wit^-out  date. 


Sic. 


Oxfordshire  :  Estallingleie  211 

[282.]    A  confirmacion  of  h.  of  seynt  w.  of  be  same.        1220, 

April  i. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  chartur  is,  that  Henry  of  seynt  walery  Confirma- 
yaf  grauntyd1  &  confirmyd1  with  hys  wrytynge  to  the  church  of 


god  &  of  ou?  lady  seynt  mary  &  of  seynt  lohn  Baptiste  of  God- 
4  stowe,  &  to  the  holy  mynchons  there  seruynge  god  &  to  serue 
for  euyr,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  sowle  &  of  the  sowles  of  hys 
aunceturs  &  heyrys,  in-to  free  pure  &  perpetual  almys,  j.  yerd-  of  Alan's 
londe  at  Estallingleie  with  hys  pertinences  the  whyche  he  bowht 
8  of  hys  forseyd  lorde  Eeynold1,  that  is  to  say,  the  yerde-lond?  that 
alyn  of  the  leghe  helde,  &  what  so  euyr  thynge  that  he  hadde  or  extinction 
myht  haue   in  the   same   yerdlonde,  he  wyllyd  the  forenamid  i^terest 
minchons  to  haue  &  to  holde  of  hym  &  hys  heyrys,  in  alt  places  no>  28°- 

12  &  in  aft  thynges,  with  alle  fredoms  &  free  customs,  hole,  frely 
&  in  rest  fro  alt  rent  custome  sendee  &  exaccion,  sauynge  the 
sendee  that  is  dewe  to  hys  forseyd  loide  Reynolde  of  the  same 
yerd-londe.  Furthermore  he  &  hys  heyrys  warantijid  to  the 

16  fore-seyd  holy  mynchons  the  fcre-seyd1  almys  agaynist  ait  men 
&  women  :  and  for  to  make  hyt  sure  he  put  to  hys  seele.  The 
date  is  of  the  yere  of  grace  a  thowsancT.  CC°.  xx°.  the  fyrst  day 
of  apnle. 


[283.     *  Agreement  between  Alice  of  Gorges,  abbess  of  *  Exche- 
Godstow,  and  Robert  son  of  Walter  as  to  arrears 
of  a  rent-charge. 

20      ROBERT,  son  of  Walter  of  Asthall,  claims  to  hold  a  messuage  Agreement 

and  yardland,  with  a  croft  and  meadow,  of  the  fee  of  Godstow  Godstow, 

in  Estallyngleye,  under  a  ten  years'  lease  from  Alice,  widow  of  and  Robert, 

"Walter  le  fere,  and  by  payment   (in   quarterly   instalments)  Walter,  to 

24  of  a  quit-rent  of  I2S.  yearly  to  Godstow.     But  in  the  time  of 
"Walter  le  fere  deceased  arrears  (1288-1300)  of  this  quit-rent 

were  incurred  to  the  amount  of  £6  125.     Robert  now  bargains  rent  till 

to  remain  undisturbed  during  his  lease,  on  condition  of  duly  expiry  of 

28  paying  the  quit-rent,  and  not  to   be  held  liable   for   arrears  his  lease* 

incurred]  *  afore  *  the  makyng1  of  this  presente  writyng1  to  be  *Bawl. 

made.     And  that  nother  they  ne  none  by  them  or  in  ther  name  leaf  148. 

1  The  English  Register  begins  again  after  a  lost  leaf. 
P  2 


212 


Oxfordshire :  Estallingleie 


Fee  paid, 
6s.  8d. 


myght  ne  ought  to  distreyne  the  said1  Robert  his  heires  or 
his  assignes,  nother  in  no  wise  yeve  occasion)  for  ony  maner 
arreragis  of  the  forsaid1  rente,  duryng1  his  termes  of  x.  yeres, 
in  the  forme  aforesaid1.  Natheles,  fuft  power  reserued1  to  them  4 
in  all  wise  to  distreyne  euery  tenemente1,  after  the  forsaid1 
terme  of  the  forsaid1  x.  yere  fully  I-complete,  for  the  forsaid1 
arreragis  for  all  the  tyme  behynde  afore  the  makyng'  of  j?is 
present  writyng1  tille  hit  were  I-satisfyecT  fully  therof  to  them,  $ 
For  the  which  graunte,  pease  to  be  had,  and  respite  hangyngithe 
terme  of  x.  yere  of  the  aboue  arreragis,  the  forsaid1  Robert  yaf 
to  them  half  a  marke  of  siluer  before  handes.  Into  witnesse  of 
the  whiche  thynge,  &  cetera.  12 


*  leaf  VII 
or  19. 
1338. 

Grant  by 
Godstow,  to 
St.  John 
Baptist 
Hospital, 
Burford,  of 
a  yardland 
(probably 
no.  280), 


subject  to 
a  quit-rent 
of  128. 


[284.]     *  A  couenant  I-made  by  }>e  abbas  of  Godestowe 
to  the  prior  of  borford1. 

THE  sentence  of  thys  conuencion  is,  that  Margerye  Dyne, 
abbesse  of  Godstowe,  &  the  couent  of  the  same  place  grauntyd1 
&  yaf  licence,  for  hyr  &  hyr  successours,  to  the  prior  of  the 
hospital  of  seynt  lohn  of  borforde  &  to  the  couent  of  the  same  16 
place,  &  to  her  successours,  for  to  appropur  a  yerde-londe  with 
the  pertinens  in  Estallingleie,  the  whyche  lohn  of  Cornewayle 
helde  of  the  seyd  abbas  &  Couent,  so  that  the  for-seyd  prior 
&  couent  of  the  same  place  &  he?  successours  pay  thereof  yerly,  20 
to  the  fornamyd1  abbas  &  Couent,  xij.  shillings,  at  iiij.  termys  of 
J?e  ye?,  for  all  seculer  exaccion  &  demaunde.  I-yef  at  Godstowe 
the  xij.  yere  of  kynge  Edward1. 


[BANBUKY.] 

[NOTE.  —  At  the  dissolution,  1540,  Godstow  was  still  in  receipt  of  this  rent-charge 
of  £5,  issuing  from  the  'toll,  market,  and  fair'  of  Banbury,  which  was  still  owned 
by  the  bishop  of  Lincoln,  Monast.  iv.  372.] 


*leafini 
back.' 


Grant  to 
ow' 


[285.]      *A  chartur  of  A.  bysshop   of  lincolne  for 
c-  shillings  in  J>e  tolle  bowth  of  banbury. 

THE    sentence  of  thys  dede  is,  that  Alsaunder  bysshop  of  24 
lincolne,  aftur  he  hadde  halowyd  the  churche  of  seynt  lohn 
1  In  error  for  '  tenant.' 


Oxfordshire:  Banbury  213 

baptiste  of  Godstowe,  he  grauntyd  to  the  sustynaunce  of  the  by  Alexan- 

Mynchyns  there  seruynge  god  a  hundred  shelyngys,  ]>e  whict  Of  Lincoln^ 

he   assynyd  to  be  payd1  &  hadde  euyrlastyngely  in  the  tolle  J^^^J^ 

4  bowthe  of  hys  marcat  of  Banbury  :   *  wherefore  we  warne,'  he  of  £5,  out 

saythe,  '  &  pray  for  the  loue  of  god,  &  for  the  helth  of  yowre  revenue  of 


sowlys,  that  ye  maynteyn  to  the  seyd  churche  of  seynt  John,  & 
to  the  seruantys  of  crist,  thys  almys  :  ye  to  receyue,  for  yowre 
8  good  desyre,  rewarde  of  god.     We  forbede  also  that  no  man  be 
bold  to  take  a-wey  thys  almys  in  tyme  to  come,  ne  vexe,  ne 
greue  hem.     And  yf  that  any  man  presume  malapertly,  let  hym  Anathema 
know  that  he  is  a-cursyd/  these  beynge  wytnes,  as  is  euident  in  violators  of 
12  the  dede  selfe;  &  is  wtU-out  date. 


[BEGBROKE.] 

[NOTE.  —  This  deed  is  imperfect,  from  a  leaf  being  cut  out;  and  there  is  no 
Begbroke  heading  in  the  Exchequer  MS.  In  pope  Nicholas  IV's  1291  Taxatio 
Ecclesiastica  we  have,  slumped  together,  incomes  from  Cassington,  Thrup,  Begbroke, 
Kiddington,  and  Ledwell  in  Woodstock  rural  deanery.  The  land  here  seems  to 
have  been  parted  with  before  the  dissolution.] 

[286.]     *  A  Charter  of  Raaf  harang1  1-made  to  the  myn-  *  leaf  213, 
chons  of  Godestowe  for  homagis  and  services  in 


Beckebroke,  &  cetera.  122°- 

• 

THE  sentence  of  this  charter  is  that  Raaf  Harange,  in  the  wey  Grant  to 
of  charite,  and  for  the  helthe  of  his  soule  and  of  his  auncetours  ^  ^ai^h 
and    successours,   yaf,  graunted1,    and    by  his    present  charter  Harang, 
16  conformed1,  to  god  and  to  cure  Lady  seynt  marie  and  to  seynt 
John  Baptist  of  Godestow  and  to  the  mynchons  ther  servyng1 
god,  aft  the  homage  and  seruyce  of  Roger  of  the  lyons  of  alt  the  of  a  rent- 
tenement  that  the  same  Roger  held1  of  me  in  the  towne  of  Becke- 
20  broke,  that  is  for  to  sey,  yerly  in  the  day  of  seynt  lofin  Baptist 


ij.  shillings  x.  d?  to  be  taken)  :  he  yaf  also  and  hold, 

and  of  . 

[Leaf  missing.] 
[BENSINGTON  or  BENSON:   see  in  Shillingford.] 


214 


Oxfordshire :  *|f  Blechesdon 


[BLETCHINGDON.] 


[NOTE. — In  the  1291  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica  of  pope  Nicholas  IV,  Godstow  lands  in 
Blechesdon  are  assessed  to  be  worth  £i  iSs.  id.  yearly.  At  the  dissolution,  1540, 
Godstow  possessed  in  Bletchingdon  copyholds  of  yearly  value  £2  135.  4$.  (Monast. 
iv.  371).  The  lands  lay  partly  in  Bletchingdon.  and  partly  in  the  adjacent  parish, 
Hampton  Gay  :  see  pp.  221,  224.] 


*  leaf  VIII 
or  20, 
back. 
About 
1139. 
[Yerdlonde 
«=rood.] 
Grant  to 
Godstow, 
by  Robert 
of  Amary, 
of  lands, 
viz. 


14  acres  m 
one  field, 


1 8  acres 
i  rood  in 
another 
field; 
[yerd  =  a 
rood  = 
i-acre.] 


[287.]     *A  charter  of  Kobert  of  aumery  to  A[bbess] 
of  Gfodstow]  for  xxxij.  acres  in  "bl&chedon. 

THE  sentence  of  tliys  euidence  is,  that  Robert  of  Aumery  yaf 
&  grauntycT,  to  god  &  to  the  church  e  of  our  lady  seynt  mary  & 
of  seynt  lohn  baptist  of  Godstowe,  &  to  the  holy  mywchoiis  there 
seruinge   god1,  xxxij.  acris  of  londe  &  j.  yerdlonde  with  hys  4 
hedys,  of  hys  londe  in  the  towne  of  blechedon,  in-to  pure  & 
perpetuaft  almys,  for  the  helthe  of  hys  soule  &  hys  auncetwrs, 
to  be  hadde  holde  &  to  be  take  in-to  possession,  frely,  restfully, 
pesybly  &  worshypfully,  with  all  the  eysementes  &   fredoms  8 
longynge  to  the  same  londe  : 

that  is  to  sey,  in  j.  felde,  xiiij.  acris :  that  is  to  sey,  at  the 
stywe,  half  an  acre ;  &  a-boue  pauenhuft,  j.  acre ;  &  at  the  wey 
by   churchemawbrygge,   half   an   acre;    &  at  asseke-more,  ij.  12 
acris;  &  a-boue  litul  benehuft,  j.  acre  &  a  halfe;  and  in  the 
assekemore,  half  an  acre ;  &  at  the  heede  of  ladune,  a  yerd1  lond1; 
and  spelburghe,  j.  yerd"  londe ;  &  at  the  hede  of  ladune,  halfe  an 
acre;  &  vndur  ladune,  half  an  acre;    &  heyfordelond1,  half  an  16 
acre ;  &  in  the  bradecroft x,  thre  halfe  acris ;  &  vppon  wordehutt1, 
iij.   halfe  acris;    &  vppon   cotman1   forlonge,  j.  acre;  &  in 
myrysacre,  ij.  acris : 

&  in l  an  othyr  felde  2,  xviij.  acris  &  j.  yerde :  that  is  to  say,  20 
vppon    sondehuli    in    hutfurlonge,  j.   acre;    and    in    myddyl 
furlonge,   ij.  acris;    &   chypfen,  iij.  yerdys;    &  in  the  same 
chypfen  by  the  mere,  iij.  half  acris;  &  at  Mappeldure-stuble, 
halfe  an  acre ;    &  chuham,  ij.  acris ;    &  at  hynham,  j.  acre ;   &  24 
at  reuemede 1,  half  an  acre ;  &  at  nordlongelond1,  j.  acre ;  &  in 
hechefurlonge,  half  an  acre;  &  at  staindelfe,  j.  acre;  and  att 


1  'Bradcroft — wrought  hull — Cotman — 
nota  ij  fildes — Ryemead,'  in  margin,  in 
several  lines. 


2  In  this  second  field,  the  items  are  3 
half-acres  short  of  the  total.  So  also  in 
the  Latin. 


Oxfordshire:  H  Blechesdon  215 

kyngys  mere,  iij.  acris  &  an  half;  &  vppon  benehuft,  halfe  an 
acre  ;  &  vppon  stepehyl,  j.  acre. 

Furthyrmore,  he  grauntycT  to  the  seyde  holy  mynchons  of 

4  Godstowe  pasture  to  iiij.  kyne,  in  hys  owne  pasture  in  the  with  pas- 
same  towne  of  blechedon,  with  hys  kyne  where  so  euyr  they 
goo  (oute-take  iij.  croftes  by-thowt  hys  court  of  the  west  part, 
with  wellemede)  ;  and  furthermore,  for  hym  and  hys  heyrys,  to 

8  the  seyd1  holy  mynchons  of  Godstowe,  fre  goynge  thorowe  hys  and  with 
woode  &  thorowe  hys  londes  in  hys  maner  of  pyrye,  for  her 


cartes  &  carrys  *  to  goo  &  come  with-out  ony  vexac^on  or  lette  through 
for   euyr.     Also   the    seyd1  Robert   of  aumery  &  hys   heyrys  manor. 

12  warantisyd1  the  seyd?  londe  &  pasture,  &  the  seyd  goynge  in  &